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Tuléar Province (Toliara), Madagascari
Regional Level Types
Tuléar Province (Toliara)Province
MadagascarCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Toliara115,319 (2018)
Ambovombe66,818 (2018)
Tôlanaro45,141 (2018)
Morondava36,803 (2018)
Amboasary36,082 (2018)
Betioky31,102 (2018)
Name(s) in local language(s):
Faritanin'i Toliary, Madagasikara


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

146 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: Holder, R. M., Hacker, B. R., Horton, F., & Rakotondrazafy, A. F. M. (2018) Ultrahigh-temperature osumilite gneisses in southern Madagascar record combined heat advection and high rates of radiogenic heat production in a long-lived high-T orogen. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 36 (7): 855–880.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Colour: white
Description: Compact masses of several kg.
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: John Sobolewski photo and specimen
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Delbos, L. (1955): Note sur le gisement d'un mineral nouveau " la hibonite" de' l'Androy Mandrareen" in Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1955, Tananarivo.143-144
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: John Sobolewski photo and specimen
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: www.gemresearch.ch/andranon/madcon.htm.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Andrianjakavah et al.;(2009): Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44 : 817-835
'Bastnäsite'
Berdesinskiite ?
Formula: V3+2TiO5
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Marchand, P.(1995): Situation géologique des émeraudes de Ianapera, province de Tuléar (Madagascar. Revue de Gemmologie AFG. 124:13–16
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive.p 22
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 23
'Chabazite'
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Chevkinite Group'
'Chlorite Group'
'Chloropal (of Schneiderhöhn)'
Reference: John Krygier photo & specimen
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysoberyl var: Cymophane
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Geologique A. 1871
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Michel Arliguie collection & photo (Photo ID: 966934, old sample)
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Reference: Nicollet, Christian (1985) Thèse d'Etat. Clermont Fd, 350pp.; Nicollet, Christian (1990) In Granulites and Crustal Differentiation (Vielzeuf, D. and Vidal, P., eds.), Kluwer Academic publishers, in press.; Nicollet, Christian (1990) Occurrences of grandidierite, serendibite and tourmaline near Ihosy, southern Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 54, n° 374, pp. 131-133.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Description: As the core of small cuprite nodules which is covered by chrysocolla and malachite
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.31
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
'Davidite'
Description: J.Behier (1963) uses the variety name "mazuvite".
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: www.gemresearch.ch/andranon/madcon.htm.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.
'Elbaite-Liddicoatite Series'
Reference: Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Razakamanana, T., Ackermand, D. and Windley, B. F. (2006 ): Metamorphic evolution of sapphirine-bearing rocks from Vohidava area, Southern Madagascar: Structural and tectonic implication. Proceedings of the German-Malagasy Research Cooperation in Life and Earth Sciences edited by C Schwitzer, S Brandt et al. p 41-60
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Marco Barsanti specimen
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1200
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S
Formula: [(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Reference: Rakotonandrasana, N. O. T., Arima, M., Miyawaki, R. & Rambeloson, R.A. (2010): Widespread Occurrences of Högbomite-2N2S in UHT Metapelites from the Betroka Belt, Southern Madagascar: Implications on Melt or Fluid Activity during Regional Metamorphism. Journal of Petrology: 51 (4):869–895
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Fluoro-cannilloite ?
Formula: {Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Description: Found in a metamorphic U-rich thorianite bearing pyroxenite near Tranomaro. (Lapis 21 (11): 45. Set as questionable due to lack of analytic evidence.
Reference: Lapis 21 (11): p 45. (abstract)
Fluoro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Hawthorne, F. C., Oberti, R., Ungaretti, L., & Grice, J. D. (1996). A new hyper-calcific amphibole with Ca at the A site: Fluor-cannilloite from Pargas, Finland. American Mineralogist, 81, 995-1002.
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/msa/special/pig/PIG_articles/Madagascar_txt.pdf
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Boulvais, P., Fourcade,S., Moineb,B., Gruaua,G. and Cuney, M. (2000): Rare-earth elements distribution in granulite-facies marbles: a witness of fluid–rock interaction. Lithos. 53, 117–126
'Gadolinite'
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Description: As inclusion in quartz crystals
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1216
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Goldmanite
Formula: Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Grandidierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Grossular var: Tsavorite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hibonite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Description: per correspondence with Knut Edvard: The TL produced just a few specimens in the year of discovery (also an eluvial locality ). When lacking exact locality data the Madagascar hibonite specimens are often erroneously labeled and sold as coming from Esiva, often being the only locality referred to in textbooks.
Reference: Delbos, L. (1955): Note sur le gisement d'un mineral nouveau " la hibonite" de' l'Androy Mandrareen" in Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1955, Tananarivo.143-144
'Hornblende'
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 30
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit 13 August 2005
'Humite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: -Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Karelianite
Formula: V3+2O3
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Laurentthomasite (TL)
Formula: Mg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
Type Locality:
Reference: Ferraris, C., Pignatelli, I., Cámara, F., Ponti, S., Schreyer, M., Parodi, G.C. and Wei, F. (2019) Laurentthomasite, IMA 2018-157. CNMNC Newsletter No. 49, June 2019, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 83: 323–328.
'Lepidolite'
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Anjahamiary.pdf/ Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
'Liddicoatite' ?
Formula: Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Colour: bluish, black
Description: Bluish portion close to the antilogious pole is by quantitative WDS-microprobe chemical analyses (Pezzotta & Jobin 2003, Pezzotta (2004) showed to be "liddicoatite" s.l. with a high content of Ca. Also the blackish termination of an opaque crystal was "liddicoatite", s.l.
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Anjahamiary.pdf/ Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Michel Arliguie collection & photo (photo id 901840), Ex J. Behier collection
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Andrianjakavah, P.R., Salvi, S., Béziat, D., Rakotondrazafy, M. and Giuliani, G. (2009) Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44: 817-835.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Michel Arliguie collection & photo (photo id 901840), Ex J. Behier collection
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Anjahamiary.pdf/ Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Anjahamiary.pdf/ Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Isatelle, F. (2009): Behara Mining Area (Gogogogo village), 20th of October. Tsavorites and Vanadium Garnets. Field Trip Madagascar Report(Oct/Nov 2009)
Muscovite var: Gilbertite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Reference: Vapnik, Y.E., Sabot, B., and Moroz, I. (2003): Fluid Inclusions in Ianapera Emerald, Southern Madagascar. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series 2, Szeged, 2003.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Van King
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Osumilite
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Oxyvanite
Formula: V3+2V4+O5
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Description: Found as constituent of an bentonitic-like clay. XRD (By J. Millot et J. Lucas) showed the caly to concist of 40% attapulgite (= palygorskite) and the rest illite (Behier 1960)
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Collection Musée National de la Geologie at Ampandrianomby in Antananarivo, Madagascar. Inventory # 24,951
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Andrianjakavah et al.;(2009): Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44 : 817-835
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 163 localities in this region.
Potassic-fluoro-pargasite (TL)
Formula: {K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Pagano, R., Pagano, A. (2010): Fluoro-potassic-pargasite, KCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2 from the Tranomaro area, Madagascar: mineral description and crystal chemistry. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 961-967
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive.p 22
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope var: Umbalite
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Isatelle, F. (2009): Field Trip to Madagascar (Oct/Nov 2009) – Beseva Malaya Garnets Mining Area www.gems-geology.com
'Pyrope-Spessartine Series'
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Reference: Mark Rheinberger photo and specimen
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Mark Rheinberger photo and specimen
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Carnelian
Reference: Michel Arliguie collection & photo (photo id 899066), old collection
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Mark Rheinberger photo and specimen
Quartz var: Jasper
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Rhodizite
Formula: (K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Reference: Behier, J.(1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Ann.Geol. Mad. XXIX, p 56/ http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Anjahamiary.pdf
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Richterite ?
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: Probably erronously identified. Pargasites are well-known in the skarns in this area
Reference: Rob Lavinsky photo, photo id 197779
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: Ddistinct crystals formingg smal rosette-like aggregates, crust concisting og spherelike aggregates
Colour: Pale blue, pale bluishgreen
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.58
Roscoelite
Formula: K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Di Cecco, V. E., Tait, K. T., Spooner, E. T. C and Scherba, C. (2018) The Vanadium-bearing Oxide Minerals of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, Southwest Madagascar. The Canadian Mineralogist: 56:247-257
Rossmanite ?
Formula: ☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Colour: Pinkis
Description: Analyzed pinkish portions of a low alkali-deficient tourmaline, with Fe og Mg close to zero in concentration, could according to Pezzotta (2004) be regarded as a rossmanite, but he also points to compositional problems with the tourmaline.
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Anjahamiary.pdf/ Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Scapolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
'Scapolite var: Wernerite'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Scheelite var: Molybdoscheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Andrianjakavah, P.R., Salvi, S., Béziat, D., Rakotondrazafy, M. and Giuliani, G. (2009) Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44: 817-835.
Schreyerite
Formula: V3+2Ti3O9
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Serendibite
Formula: Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Sinhalite
Formula: MgAl(BO4)
Reference: Razakamanana, T., Windley, B.F. & Ackermand, D. (2010): Petrology, chemistry and phase relations of borosilicate phases in phlogopite diopsidites and granitic pegmatites from the Tranomaro belt, SE Madagascar; boron-fluid evolution. IN Kusky, T. M., Zhai, M.-G. & Xiao, W. (eds) The Evolving Continents: Understanding Processes of Continental Growth. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 338, 139–161.
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine var: Spandite
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: -Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 74 localities in this region.
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
'Stilbite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Talc var: Steatite
Formula: Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive. 34, p. 311.
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
Thorianite var: Uranothorianite
Formula: (Th,U)O2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Thorite var: Orangite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1959): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1959. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive: 237-250; Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)'
Formula: Ti2V4+2V3+2O11
Reference: Di Cecco, V. E., Tait, K. T., Spooner, E. T. C and Scherba, C. (2018) The Vanadium-bearing Oxide Minerals of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, Southwest Madagascar. The Canadian Mineralogist: 56:247-257
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Lautel, R. (1953): Etude géologique de la feuille Bekitro. Travaux du Bureau Géologique (Tananarive): 40: 1-34 + planches
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Berdesinskiite ?4.CB.30V3+2TiO5
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
var: Cymophane4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S4.00.[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Hibonite (TL)4.CC.45(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Karelianite4.CB.05V3+2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Oxyvanite4.CB.30V3+2V4+O5
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Schreyerite4.CB.35V3+2Ti3O9
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
var: Uranothorianite4.DL.05(Th,U)O2
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Nahcolite5.AA.15NaHCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Rhodizite6.GC.05(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Sinhalite6.AC.05MgAl(BO4)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
var: Molybdoscheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clintonite9.EC.35Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluoro-cannilloite ?9.DE.10{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Fluorophlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Goldmanite9.AD.25Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Grandidierite9.AJ.05(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Tsavorite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kornerupine9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Liddicoatite' ?9.CK.05Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Gilbertite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Osumilite9.CM.05(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Potassic-fluoro-pargasite (TL)9.DE.15{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Umbalite9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Richterite ?9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Roscoelite9.EC.15K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Rossmanite ?9.CK.05☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Serendibite9.DH.40Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Spandite9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
var: Steatite9.EC.05Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Orangite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chloropal (of Schneiderhöhn)'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Davidite'-
'Elbaite-Liddicoatite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Gadolinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Humite Group'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
Laurentthomasite (TL)-Mg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyrope-Spessartine Series'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'var: Wernerite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)'-Ti2V4+2V3+2O11

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Karelianite4.3.1.4V3+2O3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Böhmite6.1.2.1AlO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB12X19
Hibonite (TL)7.4.1.1(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB2X5
Berdesinskiite ?7.7.2.1V3+2TiO5
Oxyvanite7.7.2.2V3+2V4+O5
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
AB2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
A2B3O9
Schreyerite8.4.1.1V3+2Ti3O9
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nahcolite13.1.1.1NaHCO3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2XO4
Sinhalite24.1.1.1MgAl(BO4)
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Rhodizite25.8.2.1(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Goldmanite51.4.3b.4Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Grandidierite54.1.1.1(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Kornerupine58.1.1.1Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Liddicoatite' ?61.3.1.2Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Osumilite63.2.1a.6(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Edenite66.1.3a.10{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Richterite ?66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Serendibite69.2.1a.6Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Clintonite71.2.2c.2Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Roscoelite71.2.2a.4K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Cleavelandite-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Augite
var: Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
'Bastnäsite'-
Beryl
var: Emerald
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chloropal (of Schneiderhöhn)'-
Chrysoberyl
var: Cymophane
-BeAl2O4
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
'Davidite'-
'Elbaite-Liddicoatite Series'-
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S-[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Fluoro-cannilloite ?-{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-pargasite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Fluorophlogopite-KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
'Gadolinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grossular
var: Tsavorite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Humite Group'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laurentthomasite (TL)-Mg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Mica Group'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Gilbertite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Potassic-fluoro-pargasite (TL)-{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Pyrope
var: Umbalite
-Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
'Pyrope-Spessartine Series'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Carnelian-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Rossmanite ?-☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Scapolite'-
'var: Wernerite'-
Scheelite
var: Molybdoscheelite
-Ca(WO4)
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Spessartine
var: Spandite
-Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spinel
var: Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Talc
var: Steatite
-Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Thorianite
var: Uranothorianite
-(Th,U)O2
Thorite
var: Orangite
-Th(SiO4)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)'-Ti2V4+2V3+2O11
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
H NahcoliteNaHCO3
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H BöhmiteAlO(OH)
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
LiLithium
Li LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be LaurentthomasiteMg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Chrysoberyl (var: Cymophane)BeAl2O4
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
B Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
B SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
B LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C GraphiteC
C NahcoliteNaHCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
O Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
O LaurentthomasiteMg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O ThorianiteThO2
O Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O CalciteCaCO3
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Chrysoberyl (var: Cymophane)BeAl2O4
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O Thorianite (var: Uranothorianite)(Th,U)O2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
O RutileTiO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O CorundumAl2O3
O Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Pyrope (var: Umbalite)Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Grossular (var: Tsavorite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SchreyeriteV23+Ti3O9
O OxyvaniteV23+V4+O5
O KarelianiteV23+O3
O GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Spessartine (var: Spandite)Mn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O TephroiteMn22+SiO4
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
O NahcoliteNaHCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O SideriteFeCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Scheelite (var: Molybdoscheelite)Ca(WO4)
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
O Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)Ti2V24+V23+O11
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O BöhmiteAlO(OH)
O SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O CelestineSrSO4
O Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
O Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O BerdesinskiiteV23+TiO5
O LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
FFluorine
F Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
F FluoriteCaF2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
F Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na NahcoliteNaHCO3
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Na Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Mg Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Mg LaurentthomasiteMg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
Mg Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Mg Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg Pyrope (var: Umbalite)Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Mg SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Al Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Al LaurentthomasiteMg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Chrysoberyl (var: Cymophane)BeAl2O4
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al Pyrope (var: Umbalite)Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Grossular (var: Tsavorite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Spessartine (var: Spandite)Mn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Al ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Al Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Al Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al BöhmiteAlO(OH)
Al SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Al Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Si LaurentthomasiteMg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si Pyrope (var: Umbalite)Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Grossular (var: Tsavorite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Spessartine (var: Spandite)Mn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Si Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Si Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Si Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
SSulfur
S MarcasiteFeS2
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S AlabanditeMnS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S CelestineSrSO4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
KPotassium
K Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
K LaurentthomasiteMg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
K FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Ca Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Grossular (var: Tsavorite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Ca ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Scheelite (var: Molybdoscheelite)Ca(WO4)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Ca Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti SchreyeriteV23+Ti3O9
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Ti Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ti Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)Ti2V24+V23+O11
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti BerdesinskiiteV23+TiO5
VVanadium
V CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
V RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
V SchreyeriteV23+Ti3O9
V OxyvaniteV23+V4+O5
V KarelianiteV23+O3
V GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
V Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)Ti2V24+V23+O11
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V BerdesinskiiteV23+TiO5
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Spessartine (var: Spandite)Mn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Fe Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
CoCobalt
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu CopperCu
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
AsArsenic
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
YYttrium
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
NbNiobium
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
WTungsten
W Scheelite (var: Molybdoscheelite)Ca(WO4)
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
BiBismuth
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
ThThorium
Th ThorianiteThO2
Th Thorianite (var: Uranothorianite)(Th,U)O2
Th Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Th Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
UUranium
U CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U Thorianite (var: Uranothorianite)(Th,U)O2
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
U Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Paleoproterozoic to Ordovician : 2057 ± 20 Ma to 453 ± 6 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Ordovician
   Late Ordovician
ⓘ Biotitite453 ± 6 MaManangotry (Manangotra), Isaka-Ivondro, Taolañaro (Fort Dauphin), Anosy, Madagascar
    
    
   Early Ordovician
ⓘ Thorianite (youngest age)480 ± 20 MaSoafia thorianite deposit, Maromby, Amboasary Sud, Anosy, Madagascar
  Cambrian
   Furongian
ⓘ Biotite (youngest age)487 ± 4 MaAmbatomena ruby deposit, Isoanala, Betroka, Anosy, Madagascar
ⓘ Thorianite (oldest age)490 ± 20 MaBetroka, Anosy, Madagascar
ⓘ Zircon490 ± 20 MaItrongay (Itrongahy), Mahasoa Est, Betroka, Anosy, Madagascar
   Cambrian Series 3
ⓘ Biotite (oldest age)500 ± 12 MaAmbindandrakemba, Tranomaro, Amboasary Sud, Anosy, Madagascar
   Cambrian Series 2
ⓘ Monazite (youngest age)515 MaOsumilite occurrence, Tranomaro, Amboasary Sud, Anosy, Madagascar
ⓘ Phlogopite (youngest age)515 MaMiary phlogopite mine, Bekitro, Bekily, Androy, Madagascar
    
 
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Neoproterozoic
   Ediacaran
ⓘ Monazite (oldest age)591 MaOsumilite occurrence, Tranomaro, Amboasary Sud, Anosy, Madagascar
ⓘ Phlogopite (oldest age)613 ± 45 MaIsoky phlogopite mine, Beraketa, Bekily, Androy, Madagascar
    
   
  Mesoproterozoic
   Ectasian
ⓘ Gneiss1330 ± 40 MaAmbindandrakemba, Tranomaro, Amboasary Sud, Anosy, Madagascar
    
   
  Paleoproterozoic
   Rhyacian
ⓘ Leptynite2057 ± 20 MaMaromby, Amboasary Sud, Anosy, Madagascar

Localities in this Region


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