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Iberian Peninsulai
Regional Level Types
Iberian PeninsulaPeninsula

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Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Madrid3,255,944 (2018)
Barcelona1,621,537 (2017)
Valencia814,208 (2018)
Sevilla703,206 (2014)
Zaragoza674,317 (2014)
Málaga568,305 (2011)


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

1163 valid minerals. 39 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 5 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

'Albite-granite'

Amphibolite

Andesite

Anthracite

'Aplite'

Basalt

Basanite

Bauxite

Bituminous-coal

Black shale

Breccia

Breccio-conglomerate

'Californite'

Camptonite

Chert

Chromitite

Clay

Coal

Conglomerate

Diatomite

Diogenite meteorite

Diorite

'Dolerite'

Dolomite-mudstone

Dolostone

Dunite

'Eucrite breccia meteorite'

'Flint'

Gabbro

'Geyserite'

Gneiss

Gossan

Granite

Granitoid

Granodiorite

Granulite

Greisen

'Greywacke'

H4 chondrite meteorite

H5 chondrite meteorite

H6 chondrite meteorite

Harzburgite

Hornfels

Howardite meteorite

IIAB iron meteorite

IIE iron meteorite

IIIAB iron meteorite

Iron slag

'Jet'

'L/LL6 chondrite meteorite'

L5 chondrite meteorite

L6 chondrite meteorite

LL5 chondrite meteorite

'Leucogranite'

Lherzolite

Lignite

Limestone

'Loam'

Marble

'Marl'

Mesosiderite-A1 meteorite

Metaconglomerate

Metagreywacke

Metamorphic rock

'Mica schist'

Migmatite

Monzogranite

Mudstone

Mylonite

Nephelinite

'Ophiolite'

Orthogneiss

'Pegmatite'

Peridotite

Phosphorite

Phyllite

'Porphyritic granite'

'Porphyry'

Pyroxenite

Quartz-wacke

Quartzite

Rhyolite

Sand

Sandstone

Schist

Sedimentary breccia

Shale

Siltstone

Skarn

Slag

Slate

Syenite

Trachyte

Travertine

Tuff

Tuffite

'Ungrouped IAB iron meteorite'

Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
Abellaite (TL)
Formula: NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Ibáñez-Insa, J., Elvira, J.J., Oriols, N., Llovet, X. and Viñals, J. (2016) Abellaite, IMA 2014-111. CNMNC Newsletter No. 29, February 2016, page 200; Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 199–205; Ibáñez-Insa J., Elvira J.J., Llovet X., Pérez-Cano J., Oriols N., Busquets-Masó M., Hernández S. (2017): Abellaite, NaPb2(CO3)2(OH), a new supergene mineral from the Eureka mine, Lleida province, Catalonia, Spain. European Journal of Mineralogy: 29: 915-922.
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Adamite var: Cobaltoan Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Co)AsO4OH
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aerinite (TL)
Formula: (Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Lasaulx, A. v. (1876). Aërinit, ein neues Mineral. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Palaeontologie, 352-358 Vidal, M. (1882). Yacimiento de la aerinita. Boletín de la Comisión del Mapa Geológico de España, 9, 113-121. Calvo, M. (2018). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol IX. Silicatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 767 págs.
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Pura Alfonso - J. C. Melgarejo, Boron vs. Phosphorus in granitic pegmatites: the Cap de Creus case, Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 45/1-2 (2000)
'Agardite'
Reference: Jimenez R., Joda L., Jorda R., Prado P. (2004) - Madrid: la mineria metallica desde 1417 hasta nuestros dias. Bocamina, n°14, pp: 52-89.
Agardite-(Ce)
Formula: CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Agardite-(La)
Formula: LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Abella i Creus, Joan (2018) Plumboagardite, green anglesite and other minerals from the Alforja mine, Alforja, Tarragona, Catalunya. Mineral Up, 2018/2.
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Aktashite
Formula: Cu6Hg3As4S12
Reference: Martín-Izard, A., Gumiel, P., Arias, M., Cepedal, A., Fuertes-Fuente, M., & Reguilón, R. (2009). Genesis and evolution of the structurally controlled vein mineralization (Sb–Hg) in the Escarlati deposit (León, Spain): Evidence from fault population analysis methods, fluid-inclusion research and stable isotope data. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 100(1), 51-66.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1900) Manganese minerals from Hautes-Pyrenees. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie 23, 251-255 (in French).
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 166 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Albite var: Low Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Josep Zendrera
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase-Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 61 localities in this region.
Aleksite
Formula: PbBi2Te2S2
Reference: Romero Silva,JC; Martos J; Navarro Garcia,JM (2012). La Mina Conchita de Estepona (Malaga). un raro yacimiento de metales complejos en Sierra Bermeja. Edita Anuario de Estudios sobre Ronda y la Serrania Takurunna nº2; año 2012 pag.9.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Allanite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Habit: Small irregular zones and patches in REE-rich epidote crystals.
Colour: Black
Description: REE rich epidote had patches where REE concentration was great enough to be regarded as allanite. THe REE rich epidote crystals reach up to4cm in length.
Reference: MinRec 33:498
Allanite-(Nd)
Formula: {CaNd}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Tanago, J. G., Lozano, P. L., Larios, A. , La Iglesia, A. (2012) Stokesite crystals from La Cabrera, Madrid, Spain. Mineralogical Record 43:499-508
Allanite-(Y)
Formula: {CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Garcia G., Gonzalez C., Bueno A. (2004) - Cadalso de los Vidrios (Madrid), Bocamina, n° 14, pp: 12-46.
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Allophane var: Ferriallophane ?
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Bareche, E. (2005): "Els minerals de Catalunya: segle XX". Grup Mineralògic Català & Institució Catalana d'Historia Natural. Barcelona.
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Alluaudite-NaNa'
Formula: Na4Na4Mn2+4 Fe3+8(PO4)12
Reference: Moore and Ito, 1971, Mineralogical Magazine 43:227
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 63 localities in this region.
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Alpersite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Althausite
Formula: Mg4(PO4)2(OH,O)(F,☐)
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 67, pages 854-860, l982; Bussink, R. W. (1984). Geochemistry of the Panasqueira tungsten-tin deposit, Portugal. Geologica Ultraiectina, 33, 1-170.
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Alunite Group'
Reference: Pascual, E; Estévez, A. (1981) Estudio geológico del yacimiento de Fornás (Santiago). Cuaderno do Laboratorio Xeolóxico de Laxe 2 (vol II):191-211
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Amarantite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Reference: José Miguel Sola Collection
'Amber'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: Dubru. M, (1986) Pétrologie et géochimie du marbre à brucite et des borates associés au gisement de tungstène de Costabonne, (Pyrénées orientales, France) 930p
Amicite
Formula: K2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2O
Description: Well-formed colorless, twined crystals up to 1 mm
Reference: Calvo, M., Viñals, J., Sanz, A. and Martí, J. (2013). Zeolites and asociated minerals in the vacuoles of some of the Campo de calatrava volcanoes - Ciudad Real, Spain. Mineral Up,3, 54-69
Ammoniojarosite
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Anapaite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
'Ancylite'
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Andalusite var: Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Andersonite
Formula: Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
Reference: CMS analysis
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 92 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Gustavo Pereira Fernandes, Mineralizações de Cobre da Mina de Miguel Vacas: Caracterização Petrográfica e Geoquímica, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências, Departamento de Geologia, 2012
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
'Ankerite-Dolomite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Annabergite var: Magnesian Annabergite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 749.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Description: Calcic anorthoclase.
Reference: B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Apachite
Formula: Cu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
Reference: Abella i Creus, Joan (2018) Plumboagardite, green anglesite and other minerals from the Alforja mine, Alforja, Tarragona, Catalunya. Mineral Up, 2018/2.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 116 localities in this region.
'Apatite Group'
Reference: http://www.foro-minerales.com/forum/viewtopic.php?p=85470#85470
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Vizcayno, C., Garcia-Gonzalez, M. T., Gutierrez, M., & Rodriguez, R. (1995). Mineralogical, chemical and morphological features of salt accumulations in the Flumen-Monegros district, NE Spain. Geoderma, 68(3), 193-210.
Apjohnite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Apophyllite'
Aragonite (TL)
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 137 localities in this region.
Reference: Jiménez, R., Calvo, M., Martínez, M.A. and Gorgues, R. (2005) Yacimientos de aragonito del triásico español. Bocamina,(16), 28-93.; Calvo, M. (2012) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp.
Aragonite var: Flos Ferri
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: - Calderón, S. (1910): Los Minerales de España. Junta para Ampliación de Estudios e Investigaciones Científicas.
Aragonite var: Strontian Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)CO3
Reference: José Miguel Sola
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Reference: Martínez-Arkarazo, I., Angulo, M., Zuloaga, O., Usobiaga, A., & Madariaga, J. M. (2007). Spectroscopic characterisation of moonmilk deposits in Pozalagua tourist cave (Karrantza, Basque Country, North of Spain). Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 68(4), 1058-1064.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Description: Fe-arfvedsonite rims around richterite.
Reference: E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Argentopentlandite ?
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: R. Piña, F. Gervilla, L. Ortega, R. Lunar (2008): Mineralogy and geochemistry of platinum-group elements in the Aguablanca Ni-Cu deposit (SW Spain). Mineralogy and Petrology 92, 259-282.
Argutite
Formula: GeO2
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Armalcolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
'Armalcolite-Pseudobrookite Series'
Reference: Sevillano, G. C., Viñals,J., Rebollar, M.C (2009): Minerales de las Vesículas de las Rocas Lamproíticas del afloramiento de La Aljorra (Murcia). Macla (11), 43-44.
Armenite
Formula: BaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: {KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arsenbrackebuschite
Formula: Pb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
Reference: Rewitzer, C., Calvo, M. Hochleitner, R., and Utrera, C. (2018). Adamite, austinite, schlegelite, dugganite and other uncommon minerals in the “Cogolla Alta” claim,Belalcázar, Córdoba, Spain. Mineral Up, 5 (2), 50-77.
Arsendescloizite
Formula: PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Description: This stuff was analysed by Gunther Blasz EDX E-nr 0808-3 test 001,002 and 003. Ko Jansen information Dec 29, 2013.
Reference: Ko Jansen collection
Arsenic
Formula: As
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Arsenocrandallite
Formula: CaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Jordi Fabre
Arsenogoyazite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 514 localities in this region.
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Arsenuranylite
Formula: Ca(UO2)4(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
Reference: Joan Abella i Creus and Joan Viñals i Olià (2012) NUEVOS MINERALES DE LA “MINA EUREKA”: METAMUNIRITA, SCHRÖCKINGERITA, BOLTWOODITA Y GORDAITA, CASTELL-ESTAÓ, LA TORRE DE CABDELLA, LLEIDA, ESPAÑA. - http://mineralsabella.blogspot.com.es/2012/06/nuevos-minerales-de-la-mina-eureka.html
Arthurite
Formula: CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Goujou J-C., Guitard G., Berbain C. (2000), Le massif de Costabonne, 2464 m (Pyrénées-Orientales), Le Règne Minéral, n°32, pp: 5-12
'Asbestos'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Atelestite
Formula: Bi2(AsO4)O(OH)
Attikaite
Formula: Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: - Cócera, H., Menor-Salván, C. and Muñoz-Alvarado, R. (2010): Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España. Acopios, 1, 1-51. [http://mti-acopios.blogspot.com/ ; http://issuu.com/malacate/docs/acopios-1-1?mode=a_p]
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: Col. Agustin Agudo Espinosa.; Romero Silva JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Málaga. Edited by CEDMA. County council Malaga. 318pp. 1map
Auriacusite
Formula: Fe3+Cu2+(AsO4)O
Reference: FAVREAU et al. (2013)
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
'Austinite-Conichalcite Series'
Formula: Ca(Zn,Cu)AsO4(OH)
Reference: Chiappero, P.-J. (1993): Les arséniates de cuivre naturels: Systématique et approche des conditions de genèse par les synthèses. Applications au gisement plumbocuprifère de Cap Garonne (Var, France). Thèse de Doctorat, Université d'Orléans, Annexe H. (http://www.mine-capgaronne.fr/site/Mineraux/these_chiappero/H1_H10.html) Berbain, C. & Favreau, G. (2010): Austinite plombifère de Can Pei, Montferrer (Pyrénées-Orientales), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 108(2), 31.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 153 localities in this region.
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Axinite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Reference: Tanago, J. G., Lozano, P. L., Larios, A. , La Iglesia, A. (2012) Stokesite crystals from La Cabrera, Madrid, Spain. Mineralogical Record 43:499-508
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 196 localities in this region.
Azurite var: Zincazurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Description: "Type locality" for this variety.
Reference: Breithaupt (1852) Berg.- und hüttenmännisches Zeitung, Freiberg, Leipzig (merged into Glückauf): 6: 68.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Baileychlore
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Calvo, M., Viñals, J. & Triviño, A.: Zálesiíte, felsobanyaite and fraipontite, in a conglomerate in Prullans, La Cerdanya, Catalonia (Spain). Mineral Up, Vol. I, 3, 49-51
'Ballesterosite'
Reference: Clark (1993) Heys Mineral Index 3rd ed.
Barahonaite-(Al) (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Viñals, J., Jambor, J.L., Raudsepp, M., Roberts, A.C., Grice. J.D., Kokinos, M., Wise, W.S. (2008): Barahonaite-(Al) and barahonaite-(Fe), new Ca-Cu arsenate mineral species, from Murcia Province, southeastern Spain, and Gold Hill, Utah. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 205-217.
Barahonaite-(Fe) (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Fe3+2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Viñals, J., Jambor, J.L., Raudsepp, M., Roberts, A.C., Grice. J.D., Kokinos, M., Wise, W.S. (2008): Barahonaite-(Al) and barahonaite-(Fe), new Ca-Cu arsenate mineral species, from Murcia Province, southeastern Spain, and Gold Hill, Utah. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 205-217.
Barbosalite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Bariosincosite
Formula: Ba(VO)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Habit: Divergent sprays of very thin rectangular crystals.
Colour: pale green
Reference: Calvo, M. y Viñals, J. (2003). Los minerales de las explotaciones de magnesita de Eugui (Navarra). Revista de Minerales, 2 (4), 6-21.
Barquillite (TL)
Formula: Cu2CdGeS4
Type Locality:
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy 11 (1999), 111; AM 84 (1999), 1464; MR 30 (1999), 399
Barroisite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 40:67-83
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 308 localities in this region.
Baryte var: Strontian Baryte
Formula: (Ba,Sr)SO4
Reference: European J. Mineralogy, 11/5, 879-890
'Basaltic Hornblende'
Reference: Artur Neves
Bassetite
Formula: Fe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bayleyite
Formula: Mg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
Reference: http://mineralsabella.blogspot.de/2009/11/minerales-raros-de-uranio.html
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Becquerelite
Formula: Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Reference: Gonzalez del Tánago J. (1985) Las Pegmatitas Graníticas de San Pedro, Sistema Central Español. Bol. Soc.Española de Mineralogía, pp.207-2017
Belloite
Formula: Cu(OH)Cl
Benauite
Formula: SrFe3+3(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Viñals, J. and Calvo, M. (2011). Secondary phosphates of La Paloma mine, Zarza la Mayor, Cáceres, Spain. Mineral Up 2 (5), 8-31.
Bendadaite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: U. Kolitsch, D. Atencio, N. V. Chukanov, N. V. Zubkova, L. A. D. Menezes Filho, J. M. V. Coutinho, W. D. Birch, J. Schlüter, D. Pohl, A. R. Kampf, I. M. Steele, G. Favreau, L. Nasdala, S. Möckel, G. Giester and D. Yu. Pushcharovsky (2010): Bendadaite, a new iron arsenate mineral of the arthurite group. Mineralogical Magazine 74, 469-486.
Benyacarite
Formula: (H2O,K)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Ti)2Ti(PO4)4(O,F)2 · 14H2O
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Berdesinskiite
Formula: V3+2TiO5
Berlinite
Formula: AlPO4
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Berndtite
Formula: SnS2
Berryite
Formula: Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Reference: Mercedes Fuertes-Fuente, Antonia Cepedal, Alexandre Lima, Armanda Dória, Maria dos Anjos Ribeiro, Alexandra Guedes (2016): The Au-bearing vein system of the Limarinho deposit (northern Portugal): Genetic constraints from Bi-chalcogenides and Bi–Pb–Ag sulfosalts, fluid inclusions and stable isotopes. Ore Geology Reviews 72, 213-231.
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: Maria del Mar Abad-Ortega and Fernando Nieto, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 363-367.
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 94 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Martins da Pedra
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Rui Nunes and Pedro Alves collections
Beryllonite
Formula: NaBePO4
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
'Beudantite-Segnitite Series'
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
'Bilibinite'
Billietite
Formula: Ba(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
Reference: Abella, J. y Viñals, J. (2009). Čejkaita, arsenuranilita, compreignacita, natrozippeita y otros minerales raros de uranio en el yacimiento «Mina Eureka», Castell-estaó, La Torre de Cabdella, Lleida, Catalunya. Revista de Minerales. (2009-2), 52-71
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 101 localities in this region.
'Biotite var: Heterophyllite'
Reference: Recursos Minerais Metálicos, Jazigos Pegmatíticos, Departamento de Geologia da Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, 2006.
'Biotite var: Titanian Biotite'
Reference: Please see: http://www.mindat.org/photo-463219.html
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: Rewitzer, C., Calvo, M. Hochleitner, R., and Utrera, C. (2018). Adamite, austinite, schlegelite, dugganite and other uncommon minerals in the “Cogolla Alta” claim,Belalcázar, Córdoba, Spain. Mineral Up, 5 (2), 50-77.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 59 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 65 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
'Bitumen'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 66
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Bobierrite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Bobkingite
Formula: Cu5Cl2(OH)8 · 2H2O
Habit: elongated prisms, rounded masses
Colour: bright blue
Description: Probably the best crystals for the species (07/2010). Contains nickel.
Reference: VIÑALS, J., FAVREAU, G., and EYTIER C. & J.-R. (2010): Bobkingite, capgaronnite, juanitaite, gerhardtite, reevesite and other rare minerals from Cerro Minado, Huercal-Overa (Almería). Mineral Up, 4, 3, 6-23 Versions simultaneously published in Catalan (Mineralogistes de Catalunya); in Spanish version (Revista de Minerales).
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: https://www.foro-minerales.com/forum/viewtopic.php?p=139900#139900
Boleite
Formula: KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Boltwoodite
Formula: (K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Reference: Joan Abella i Creus and Joan Viñals i Olià (2012) NUEVOS MINERALES DE LA “MINA EUREKA”: METAMUNIRITA, SCHRÖCKINGERITA, BOLTWOODITA Y GORDAITA, CASTELL-ESTAÓ, LA TORRE DE CABDELLA, LLEIDA, ESPAÑA. - http://mineralsabella.blogspot.com.es/2012/06/nuevos-minerales-de-la-mina-eureka.html
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 59 localities in this region.
Botryogen
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Description: Well-shaped crystals larger than one centimeter.
Reference: Calvo, M., Gómez, F., and Viñals, J. (1999) Mineralogía de la Faja Pirítica Ibérica. Bocamina, 4, 50-86.
Bottinoite
Formula: Ni2+Sb5+2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Reference: Viñals, J., Calvo, M. (2006): Lanzuela. Teruel, Spain. Ullmanite, Bottinoite and Polydydimite. Mineral Up, vol. I, 1. 58-60.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
'Bournonite-Seligmannite Series'
Reference: Fernández-Martínez, J., & Velasco, F. (1996). The Troya Zn-Pb carbonate-hosted sedex deposit, northern Spain. Carbonate-hosted lead-zinc deposits: Society of Economic Geologists Special, 4, 364-377.
Boyleite
Formula: (Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Reference: FMF Forum
Brackebuschite
Formula: Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Brazilianite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Breithauptite var: Arite
Formula: Ni(Sb,As)
Reference: Clark (1993) Heys Mineral Index 3rd ed.
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Briartite
Formula: Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Bromellite
Formula: BeO
Reference: Dubru. M, (1986) Pétrologie et géochimie du marbre à brucite et des borates associés au gisement de tungstène de Costabonne, (Pyrénées orientales, France) 930p
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Brunogeierite
Formula: Ge4+Fe2+2O4
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: - P. ALVES, C. LEAL GOMES (2010). Mineralização Sr-Ba tardia em cavidades de rochas filonianas subsaturadas do Maciço Alcalino de Monchique. CNG 2010 (Braga, Portugal)
Burkeite
Formula: Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
'Calamine'
Description: Calamine is a name, used in general by the miners, for the Smithsonite with Hydrozincite and Hemimorphite associated. "Bocamina num 0 page 47"
Reference: rev.Bocamina, num 17 and num 0, page 47.
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Calcioferrite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2O
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 620 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Cobaltoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Co)CO3
Habit: Mostly botyoidal
Colour: pink, in some specimens very intense
Description: Very nice specimens, some world.classs for this variety.
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp
Calcite var: Ferroan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Calcite var: Iceland Spar
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: - Calvo.M.(2012) "Minerales y Minas de España", Vol.V (Carbonatos y Nitratos Boratos).Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas. Madrid
Calcite var: Lublinite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Martínez-Arkarazo, I., Angulo, M., Zuloaga, O., Usobiaga, A., & Madariaga, J. M. (2007). Spectroscopic characterisation of moonmilk deposits in Pozalagua tourist cave (Karrantza, Basque Country, North of Spain). Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 68(4), 1058-1064.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Calcite var: Plumboan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Pb)CO3
Reference: Xevi Ortiz - Joan Rosell
Calcite var: Strontian Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)CO3
Reference: A. M. I. Martins collection
Calderónite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Am. Min., 88, 1703–1708, 2003; Lapis 29(1), 46 (2004)
Caledonite
Formula: <