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Schwarzhorn, Geisspfad area, Binn Valley, Wallis (Valais), Switzerland

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 20' 3'' North , 8° 13' 27'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.33444,8.22417
GeoHash:G#: u0jze4uts
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Schwarzhorn, Geisspfad, Binntal, Wallis (Valais), Schweiz (Suisse; Svizzera)


A 3108 m high peak, Swiss coordinates 660´475 / 131´760.

Regions containing this locality

The Alps, Europe

Mountain Range - 2,211 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


23 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Personally collected by Günter Frenz
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 427.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 427.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Personally collected by Günter Frenz
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Personally collected by Günter Frenz
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Personally collected by Günter Frenz
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Description: Found in a hornblende-rich vein on the ridge between Schwarzhorn and Rothorn mountains.
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 271.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Personally collected by Günter Frenz
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 271.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Personally collected by Günter Frenz
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: Personally collected by Günter Frenz
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Zeolite Colletion of Volker Betz
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 271.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Personally collected by Günter Frenz
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Frank de Wit collection
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 427.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Cubanite'2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Andradite'9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Demantoid9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
K Feldspar-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Stilbite subgroup-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Andradite
var: Demantoid
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular
var: Hessonite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O HematiteFe2O3
O Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
NiNickel
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous - Jurassic
66 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3131194
Bündner Schiefer (Schistes Lustrés)

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 201.3 Ma)

Description: medium grade metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{phyllite}, Minor{serpentinite,quartzite,carbonates, consolidated}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 2367046
Metamorphe Gesteine, meist Metamagmatite

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Serpentinite, talc schist

Reference: Geological Institute. Geological Map of Switzerland 1:500,000. isbn: 3906723399. University of Bern. [49]

Late Paleozoic
251.902 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3192871
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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