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Ajo District, Pima Co., Arizona, USA

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Key
Lock Map
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 32° North , 112° West (est.)
Margin of Error:~1km
Other regions containing this locality:Sonoran Desert, North America
Locality type:District
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


A Cu-Ag-Au, silica, feldspar, mica (Mo-Zn) mining area located in T.12-13S., R.6-7W., in the Little Ajo Mountains and Chico Shuni Hills.

Mineralization is varied: (1) Cu-Ag & Au mineralization on fracture planes and disseminated in brecciated Laramide intrusive and adjacent Cretaceous volcanics. Some local, high-grade, narrow, irregular vein-like deposits in volcanics and spotty occurrences near fault zones in volcanics and intrusive. Erratic secondary copper mineralization in fanglomerate; (2) Pegmatite veins and masses in Mesozoic granitic intrusive; and, (3) Spotty, irregular gold placers.

Workings include predominantly open pit mining operations. Small, irregular production of high-grade, oxidized copper ore occurred from about 1854 to 1917 and almost continuously thereafter from the open pit operations. Total production through 1972 would amount to some 350,000,000 tons of ore containing about 2,800,000 tons of Cu, 19,000,000 oz. of silver, and 1,550,000 oz. of gold. Considerable silica flux and some feldspar and scrap mica were also produced.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

101 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ajoite (TL)
Formula: (K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 316, 319-320; Schaller, W.T. & A.C. Vlisidis (1958), Ajoite, a new hydrous aluminum copper silicate, Am.Min.: 43: 1107-1111; Hutton, C.O. & A.C. Vlisidis (1960), Papagoite, a new copper-bearing mineral from Ajo, AZ, Am.Min.: 45: 599-611; Sun, M.S. (1961), Differential analysis of shattuckite, Am.Min.: 46: 67-77; Newberg, D.W. (1964), X-ray study of shattuckite, Am.Min.: 49: 1234-1239; Thomas, W.J. & R.B. Gibbs (1983), Famous mineral localities: The New Cornelia mine, Ajo, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 283-298; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 111.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 107; Gilluly, J. (1937), Geology and ore deposits of the Ajo quadrangle, AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 141; Hutton, C.O. & A.C. Vlisidis (1960), Papagoite, a new copper-bearing mineral from Ajo, AZ, Am.Min.: 45: 599-611.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 109; Hutton, C.O. & A.C. Vlisidis (1960), Papagoite, a new copper-bearing mineral from Ajo, AZ, Am.Min.: 45: 599-611.
'Anauxite'
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 110; Gilluly, J. (1937), Geology and ore deposits of the Ajo quadrangle, AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 141.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Apatite'
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 117; Hutton, C.O. & A.C. Vlisidis (1960), Papagoite, a new copper-bearing mineral from Ajo, AZ, Am.Min.: 45: 599-611.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 126; Schwartz, G.M. (1934), Paragenesis of the oxidized ores of copper, Econ.Geol.: 29: 55-75.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 128; Gilluly, J. (1937), Geology and ore deposits of the Ajo quadrangle, AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 141.
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
'Biotite'
'Bisbeeite'
Formula: (Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 152.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
'Chabazite'
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Gilluly, J. (1946), The Ajo mining district, Arizona, USGS PP 209: 95-96.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Gilluly, J. (1946), The Ajo mining district, Arizona, USGS PP 209: 95.
Clinochlore var: Diabantite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Reference: Gilluly, J. (1946), The Ajo mining district, Arizona, USGS PP 209: 95.
'Clinoptilolite'
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: FeNb2O6
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 152.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 152.
Cuprorivaite
Formula: CaCuSi4O10
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 214; Gilluly, J. (1937), Geology and ore deposits of the Ajo quadrangle, AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 141.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 215; Gilluly, J. (1937), Geology and ore deposits of the Ajo quadrangle, AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 141; Hutton, C.O. & A.C. Vlisidis (1960), Papagoite, a new copper-bearing mineral from Ajo, AZ, Am.Min.: 45: 599-611; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol. 42: 319-352; Schwartz, G.M. (1958), Alteration of biotite under mesothermal conditions, Econ.Geol. 53: 164-177.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
'Erionite'
Erionite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Reference: O. Dzillas
'Feldspar Group'
'Ferrierite'
Ferrierite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 235; Gilluly, J. (1937), Geology and ore deposits of the Ajo quadrangle, AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 141.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Heulandite'
'Hornblende'
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 258; Gilluly, J. (1937), Geology and ore deposits of the Ajo quadrangle, AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 141.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 262; Gilluly, J. (1937), Geology and ore deposits of the Ajo quadrangle, AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 141.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lechatelierite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: azminerals.com
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 283; Gilluly, J. (1937), Geology and ore deposits of the Ajo quadrangle, AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 141; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 92.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 126, 286; Schwartz, G.M. (1934), Paragenesis of the oxidized ores of copper, Econ.Geol.: 29: 55-75; Gilluly, J. (1937), Geology and ore deposits of the Ajo quadrangle, AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 141; Joralemon, I.B. (1914), The Ajo copper district, AZ, Engr.Mining Jour.: 98: 663.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Meta-alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
'commodity:Mica'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 302; Gilluly, J. (1937), Geology and ore deposits of the Ajo quadrangle, AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 141; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol. 42: 319-352; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 24.
'Monazite'
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Thomas, W.J. & R.B. Gibbs (1983), Famous mineral localities: The New Cornelia mine, Ajo, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 283-298; Gilluly, J. (1946), The Ajo mining district, Arizona, USGS PP 209: 94-95.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Neotocite
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 314; Gilluly, J. (1937), Geology and ore deposits of the Ajo quadrangle, AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 141.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 193; Sun, M.S. (1961), Differential thermal analysis of shattuckite, Am.Min.: 46: 67-77.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Papagoite (TL)
Formula: CaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 319-320; Hutton, C.O. & A.C. Vlisidis (1960), Papagoite, a new copper-bearing mineral from Ajo, AZ, Am.Min.: 45: 599-611; Guillebert, C. & M.T. Le Bihan (1965), Contributions à l'étude structurale des silicates de cuivre: Structure atomique de la papagoite, Bull. Soc. Franc. Min. Crist: 88: 119-121.
'Phillipsite'
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Planerite
Formula: Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
'Potash Clay'
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
'Psilomelane'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 126; Schwartz, G.M. (1934), Paragenesis of the oxidized ores of copper, Econ.Geol.: 29: 55-75.
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 359; Hutton, C.O. & A.C. Vlisidis (1960), Papagoite, a new copper-bearing mineral from Ajo, AZ, Am.Min.: 45: 599-611; Schwartz, G.M. (1958), Alteration of biotite under mesothermal conditions, Econ.Geol. 53: 164-177..
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Shattuckite
Formula: Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 193; Sun, M.S. (1961), Differential thermal analysis of shattuckite, Am.Min.: 46: 67-77.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
'Silica'
'commodity:Silica'
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
'Stilbite'
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 390; Gilluly, J. (1937), Geology and ore deposits of the Ajo quadrangle, AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 141.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 397; Gilluly, J. (1937), Geology and ore deposits of the Ajo quadrangle, AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 141.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 399; Gilluly, J. (1937), Geology and ore deposits of the Ajo quadrangle, AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 141.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Thomas, W.J. & R.B. Gibbs (1983), Famous mineral localities: The New Cornelia mine, Ajo, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 283-298; Gilluly, J. (1946), The Ajo mining district, Arizona, USGS PP 209: 94.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 431; Gilluly, J. (1937), Geology and ore deposits of the Ajo quadrangle, AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 141; Hutton, C.O. & A.C. Vlisidis (1960), Papagoite, a new copper-bearing mineral from Ajo, AZ, Am.Min.: 45: 599-611.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
'Atacamite'3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Anatase'4.DD.05TiO2
'Brookite'4.DD.10TiO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35FeNb2O6
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lechatelierite4.DA.30SiO2
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Stibiconite4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Aurichalcite'5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Alunite'7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Bieberite'7.CB.35CoSO4 · 7H2O
'Brochantite'7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Fornacite7.FC.10Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Meta-alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Planerite8.DD.15Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Ajoite' (TL)9.EA.70(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allophane'9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
'Andalusite'9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
'Augite'9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Beidellite'9.EC.40(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Diabantite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Cuprorivaite9.EA.05CaCuSi4O10
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Erionite-Ca9.GD.20(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Ferrierite-Na9.GD.50(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Neotocite9.ED.20(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Papagoite (TL)9.CE.05CaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Shattuckite9.DB.40Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Anauxite'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Bisbeeite'-(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
'Chabazite'-
Chlorite Group-
Clinoptilolite-
Erionite-
Feldspar Group-
Ferrierite-
Heulandite-
Hornblende-
Hypersthene-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Monazite-
Phillipsite-
Potash Clay-
Psilomelane-
Silica-
Stilbite-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB2X5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2FeNb2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Bieberite29.6.10.4CoSO4 · 7H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Meta-alunogen29.8.7.1Al2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Planerite42.9.3.6Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Fornacite43.4.3.2Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
Papagoite (TL)60.1.4.1CaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Shattuckite65.1.7.1Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Neotocite71.1.5.4(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Cuprorivaite71.2.3.1CaCuSi4O10
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Beidellite71.3.1a.1(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Ajoite (TL)78.5.1.1(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Anauxite'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Bisbeeite'-(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var: Diabantite
-(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
'Clinoptilolite'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
'Erionite'-
Erionite-Ca-(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
'Feldspar Group'-
'Ferrierite'-
Ferrierite-Na-(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lechatelierite-SiO2
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Phillipsite'-
'Potash Clay'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Silica'-
'Stilbite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
H Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H Erionite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
H Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
H FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AnataseTiO2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
O Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O BrookiteTiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O Erionite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
O Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O LechatelieriteSiO2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O RutileTiO2
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TridymiteSiO2
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Erionite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Al Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
Si Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Erionite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Si Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si LechatelieriteSiO2
Si Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
SSulfur
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S SulphurS8
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Erionite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Ca Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
CrChromium
Cr FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
Fe Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CoCobalt
Co BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
CuCopper
Cu Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
UUranium
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lakes, A. (1900) Copper deposits of the Ajo basin and Gila basin, Arizona: Mines and Minerals: 21: 12-15.
Joralemon, I.B. (1914), The Ajo copper district, Arizona, Engineering and Mining Journal: 98: 663.
Joralemon, I.B. (1915).
Bramwell, A.W. (1918) In Ajo and Scheelite districts: Arizona Mining Journal, December 1918: 2(7): 20.
Bramwell, A.W. (1919) News of Ajo and Gunsight districts: Arizona Mining Journal, April 1919: 2(11): 24-25.
Bryan, K. (1925), the Papago country, Arizona, USGS Water Supply Paper 499.
Stewart, L.A. (1933) Study of the Ajo copper ore minerals: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 24 p.
Schwartz, G.M. (1934), Paragenesis of the oxidized ores of copper, Economic Geologist: 29: 55-75.
Gilluly, James (1935) The copper deposits of Arizona; Ajo district, in Copper resources of the world, v. 1: International Geological Congress, 16th, Washington, D.C., 1933, p. 228-233.
Gilluly, James (1936) Pediments of the Ajo region, Arizona [abs.]: Washington Academy of Sciences, Journal, v. 26, p. 388-389.
Gilluly, J. (1937), Geology and ore deposits of the Ajo quadrangle, Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 141.
Gilluly, James (1938) Ajo district, in Some Arizona ore deposits: Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin no. 145: 86-90.
Gilluly, J. (1942a), Mineralization of the Ajo copper district, Arizona, American Mineralogist: 27: 222-223.
Gilluly, J. (1942b), The mineralization of the Ajo copper district, Arizona, Economic Geology: 37: 297-309.
Gilluly, J. (1946), The Ajo Mining District, Arizona, USGS PP 209.
Butler, B.S. (1947) Review of 'The Ajo mining district, Arizona' by James Gilluly (U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 209): Economic Geology: 42(6): 583-587.
Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 153: 24.
Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Economic Geology 42: 319-352.
Dehlinger, M.E. (1949) Report on Ajo quadrangle: Compass [Sigma Gamma Epsilon]: 26: 182-188.
Romslo, T.M., and Robinson, C.S. (1952) Copper Giant deposits, Pima County, Arizona: U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigations R.I. 4850, 9 p.
Schwartz, G.M. (1958), Alteration of biotite under mesothermal conditions, Economic Geology: 53: 164-177.
Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 64, 92.
Hutton, C.O. & A.C. Vlisidis (1960), Papagoite, a new copper-bearing mineral from Ajo, Arizona, American Mineralogist: 45: 599-611.
Sun, M.S. (1961), Differential thermal analysis of shattuckite, American Mineralogist: 46: 67-77.
Bell, P.M., and Roy, R.F. (1965) Heat flow at Ajo, Arizona: Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Book 64, 1964-1965, p. 150-153.
Bell, P.M., and Roy, R.F. (1967) Heat flow and gravity measurements at Ajo, Arizona: Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Book 65, 1965-1966, p. 414-415.
Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 82 (Table 4).
Cox, D.P., Czamanske, G.K., and Bain, J.H.C. (1981) Mineral-rich fluid inclusions in the root zone of a porphyry copper system, Ajo, Arizona [abs.]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs: 13(7): 433.
May, D.J., Peterson, D.W., Tosdal, R.M., LeVeque, R.A., and Miller, R.J. (1981) Miocene volcanic rocks of the Ajo Range, south-central Arizona [abs.], in Howard, K.A., Carr, M.D., and Miller, D.M., eds., Tectonic framework of the Mohave and Sonoran Deserts, California and Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 81-0503, p. 65-66.
UyTana, V.F. (1983) Physiochemical characteristics during potassic alteration of the porphyry copper deposit at Ajo, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 96 p.
Cox, D.P., and Ohta, E. (1984) Maps showing rock types, hydrothermal alteration and distribution of fluid inclusions in the Cornelia pluton, Ajo mining district, Pima County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-0388, 9 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:62,500.
Gray, Floyd, and Miller, R.J. (1984) New K-Ar ages of volcanic rocks near Ajo, Pima and Maricopa Counties, southwestern Arizona: Isochron/West, no. 41, p. 3-6.
Peterson, J.A., Cox, D.P., and Gray, F. (1985) Mineral resource assessment of the Ajo and Lukeville 1o by 2o quadrangles, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 85-0527, 79 p., 3 sheets, scale 1:250,000.
Peterson, J.A. and Tosdal, R.M. (1986) Mineral Occurrence Map and Tabulation of Geologic, Commodity, and Production Data, Ajo and Lukeville Quadrangles, southwestern Arizona. USGS Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1834-A (scale 1: 250,000).
Peterson, J.A., Cox, D.P., and Gray, F. (1987) Mineral resource assessment of the Ajo and Lukeville 1o by 2o quadrangles, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1834-B, 3 sheets, scale 1:250,000.
Theobald, P.K., and Barton, H.N. (1987) Maps showing anomalous copper concentrations in stream sediments and heavy-mineral concentrates from the Ajo and Lukeville 1o x 2o quadrangles, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1834-C, 1 sheet, scale 1:500,000.
Barton, H.N., and Theobald, P.K. (1988) Regional geochemical studies of the Ajo and Lukeville 1o x 2o quadrangles, Arizona, [abs.], in Schindler, K.S., ed., USGS research on mineral resources -- 1989; Fifth annual V.E. McKelvey forum on mineral and energy resources: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1035, p. 2-4.
Cox, D.P. (1988) Geochemistry of Laramide and Middle Tertiary plutons in the Ajo mining district, Pima County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 88-0672, 13 p.
Gray, Floyd, comp. (1988) Abstracts of the symposium of the geology and mineral deposits of the Ajo and Lukeville 1o x 2o quadrangles, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 88-0217, 31 p.
Gray, Floyd, Miller, R.J., Grubensky, M.J., Tosdal, R.M., Haxel, G.B., Peterson, D.W., May, D.J., and Silver, L.T. (1988) Geologic map of the Ajo and Lukeville 1o by 2o quadrangles, southwest Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-0347, 23 p., 1 sheet, scale 1;250,000.
Theobald, P.K., and Barton, H.N. (1988) Maps showing anomalous concentrations of lead, molybdenum, bismuth, and tungsten in stream sediment and heavy-mineral tungsten in stream sediment and heavy-mineral concentrate from parts of the Ajo and Lukeville 1o x 2o quadrangles, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1834-D, 1 sheet, scale 1:500,000.
Theobald, P.K., and Barton, H.N. (1988) Maps showing anomalous concentrations of zinc, silver, antimony, manganese, barium, and strontium in stream sediment and heavy-mineral concentrate from parts of the Ajo and Lukeville 1o x 2o quadrangles, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1834-E, 1 sheet, scale 1:500,000.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 107, 109, 110, 117, 126, 128, 152, 193, 214, 215, 235, 258, 262, 283, 286, 302, 314, 359, 390, 397, 399, 431.
Force, E.R. (1997) A new mid-Tertiary unit in the Ajo district, southern Arizona, and implications for extensional history, in Richard, S.M., comp., Field guide, Quitovac, Sonora and Ajo, Arizona, Guidebook for the Arizona Geological Society Spring Field Trip, May 22-23, 1997: Arizona Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook, 13 p.
Richard, S.M., comp. (1997) Field guide, Quitovac, Sonora and Ajo, Arizona, Guidebook for the Arizona Geological Society Spring Field Trip, May 22-23, 1997: Arizona Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook, [87] p.
Wilkinson, W.H., Jr., More, S.W., Rivera, J.S., and Mortensen, J.K. (1998) Geological and structural evolution of the Ajo copper deposit, Pima Co. AZ [abs.], in 1999 SME Annual Meeting and Exhibit, March 1-3, Denver, Colorado, Technical Program: Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc., Supplement to Mining Engineering, p. 31.
Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.

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