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Knockormal Hill, South Ayrshire, Scotland, UKi
Regional Level Types
Knockormal HillHill
South AyrshireCouncil Area
ScotlandCountry
UKCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 55° 8' 59'' North , 4° 55' 48'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 55.15000,-4.93000
GeoHash:G#: gcu3xzf04
Locality type:Hill
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Girvan6,650 (2017)11.3km
Dailly850 (2017)19.2km
Cairnryan3,757 (2011)20.7km
Maidens530 (2013)21.6km
Crosshill500 (2017)26.8km


No description has been added for this locality. Can you add one?

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian Plate (Eurasia Plate)Plate
British IslesGroup of Islands
Strathclyde, Scotland, UKRegion (Historical)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


11 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Actinolite var: Smaragdite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
'Chlorite Group'
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
'Crossite'
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Glaucophane
Formula: ⃞[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Hornblende'
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'
'Saussurite'
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Spinel var: Ceylonite
Formula: MgAl2O4
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Tschermakite
Formula: ☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Ceylonite4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Smaragdite9.DE.10Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Glaucophane9.DE.25⃞[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tschermakite9.DE.10☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Crossite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Saussurite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Glaucophane66.1.3c.1⃞[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Smaragdite-Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'-
Augite
var: Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Crossite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Saussurite'-
Spinel
var: Ceylonite
-MgAl2O4
Tschermakite-☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Glaucophane⃞[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Spinel (var: Ceylonite)MgAl2O4
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Glaucophane⃞[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
O Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
NaSodium
Na Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Glaucophane⃞[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Spinel (var: Ceylonite)MgAl2O4
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Glaucophane⃞[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Mg Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
AlAluminium
Al Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Spinel (var: Ceylonite)MgAl2O4
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Glaucophane⃞[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Al Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Glaucophane⃞[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
CaCalcium
Ca Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
TiTitanium
Ti Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
CrChromium
Cr Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
FeIron
Fe Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ordovician - Cambrian
443.8 - 541 Ma



ID: 2034551
Cambrian And Ordovician Rocks (Undifferentiated)

Age: Paleozoic (443.8 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic lava and mafic tuff

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3188553
Paleozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic-intermediate undivided volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3140383
Ordovician sandstone

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{sandstone}, Minor{conglomerate,claystone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Balsillie, D. (1937) Further observations on the Ballantrae Igneous Complex, South Ayrshire. Geological Magazine, 74, 20–33.
Bloxam, T.W. and Allen, J.B. (1959) Trans. R. Soc. Edinb. 64, 18. [M.A. 16, 217.]
Bloxam, T.W. and Allen, J.B. (1960) Glaucophane-schist, eclogite and associated rocks from Knockormal in the Girvan–Ballantrae Complex, south Ayrshire. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 64, 1–27.
White, A.J.R. (1964) Clinopyroxenes from eclogites and basic granulites. American Mineralogist, vol. 49, 883-888.
Church, W.R. and Gayer, R.A. (1973) The Ballantrae ophiolite. Geological Magazine, 110, 497–510.
Fettes, D.J. (1978) Caledonian and post-Caledonian metamorphism in the United Kingdom and Ireland. In Metamorphic map of Europe (1:2 500 000): explanatory text (eds H.J. Zwart, V.S. Sobolev and E. Niggli), UNESCO, pp. 75–83.
Bloxam, T.W. (1980) Amphibolite contact zones, amphibolite xenoliths, and blueschists associated with serpentinite in the Girvan–Ballantrae Complex, southwest Scotland. Archive des Sciences, 33, 291–9.
Spray, J.G. and Williams, G.D. (1980) The sub-ophiolite metamorphic rocks of the Ballantrae Igneous Complex, SW Scotland. Journal of the Geological Society of London, 137, 359–68.
Treloar, P.J., Bluck, B.J., Bowes, D.R., and Dudek, A. (1980) Hornblende-garnet metapyroxenite beneath serpentinite in the Ballantrae complex of SW Scotland and its bearing on the depth provenance of obducted oceanic lithosphere. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 71, 201–12.
Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, 99-105.
Hamilton, P.J., Bluck, B.J., and Halliday, A.N. (1984) Sm-Nd ages from the Ballantrae complex, SW Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 75, 183–7.
Smellie, J.L. and Stone, P. (1984) ‘Eclogite’ in the Ballantrae Complex: a garnet-clinopyroxenite segregation in mantle harzburgite? Scottish Journal of Geology, 20, 315–27.
Stone, P. (1999) Chapter 2: Early Ordovician volcanic rocks and associated ophiolitic assemblages of Scotland. Site: KNOCKORMAL (GCR ID: 2415). In Stephenson, D., Bevins, R.E., Millward, D., Highton, A.J., Parsons, I., Stone, P., and Wadsworth, W.J. (1999) Caledonian Igneous Rocks of Great Britain. Geological Conservation Review, vol. 17.

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