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Mud Tank Vermiculite Mine, Alcoota Station, Central Desert Region, Northern Territory, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Mud Tank Vermiculite MineMine
Alcoota Station- not defined -
Central Desert RegionRegion
Northern TerritoryTerritory
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
23° 0' 59'' South , 134° 16' 42'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


Vermiculite is used as hydroponic 'soil', fire retardant, insulation, in brake linings, packing material and a variety of other products, and industrial processes. It has the ability of expanding by several times its original size upon heating. At the time of writing the Mud Tank location, is Australia's only operating vermiculite mine.

The deposit was first noted in 1944, with an open cut mine established in 1996. The mine was purchased by French company Imerys in 2002, from Imdex Ltd. The mine borders the Mud Tank Zircon Field, a well known fossicking site. Zircons are also found at the mine site, although it appears they get dumped on the spoil heap.

The Mud Tank Carbonatite occupies several lenses along a 5 kilometre section of a shear zone. A far smaller area occurs 2 kilometres to the west south-west.

The country rock is schist and gneisses of the Arunta Complex.

The rocks are banded as crystalline carbonate rocks containing apatite, magnetite, phlogopite, chlorite and soda-amphibolite; foliated micaeous carbonate rocks rich in pale-brown phlogopite; and feldspathic carbonate rocks with variable amounts of sodic-plagioclase, clinopyroxene, green-brown amphibolite, and brown biotite. Calcite and dolomite is found in all rock types, and trace niobium and other rare earth elements. Vermiculite mica is found within 40 metres of the surface.

Apatite forms massive aggregates up to 60 cms in diameter, magnetite as twinned octahedra up to 10 cms in diameter, mica as plates up to 2cms across, and zircons as relative squat prism crystals up to 5 cms long by 2 cms across.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


18 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp.13-18.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Currie, K.L., Knutson, J., Temby, P.A. (1992) The Mud Tank carbonatite complex, central Australia - an example of metasomatism at mid-crustal levels. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 109 (3), pp.326-339.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp.13-18.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp.13-18.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Currie, K.L., Knutson, J., Temby, P.A. (1992) The Mud Tank carbonatite complex, central Australia - an example of metasomatism at mid-crustal levels. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 109 (3), pp.326-339.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp.13-18.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp.13-18.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp.13-18.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp.13-18.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp.13-18.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp.13-18.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp.13-18.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp.13-18.
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Currie, K.L., Knutson, J., Temby, P.A. (1992) The Mud Tank carbonatite complex, central Australia - an example of metasomatism at mid-crustal levels. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 109 (3), pp.326-339.
Katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Reference: Currie, K.L., Knutson, J., Temby, P.A. (1992) The Mud Tank carbonatite complex, central Australia - an example of metasomatism at mid-crustal levels. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 109 (3), pp.326-339.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp.13-18.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp.13-18.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp.13-18.
'Niobium' ?
Formula: Nb
Description: The cited reference below only states that "The highest value for niobium was obtained from a specimen containing suspected pseudomorphs after pyrochlore".
Reference: Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp.13-18.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp.13-18.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp.13-18.
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Currie, K.L., Knutson, J., Temby, P.A. (1992) The Mud Tank carbonatite complex, central Australia - an example of metasomatism at mid-crustal levels. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 109 (3), pp.326-339.
Taramite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Currie, K.L., Knutson, J., Temby, P.A. (1992) The Mud Tank carbonatite complex, central Australia - an example of metasomatism at mid-crustal levels. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 109 (3), pp.326-339.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp.13-18.
Winchite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Currie, K.L., Knutson, J., Temby, P.A. (1992) The Mud Tank carbonatite complex, central Australia - an example of metasomatism at mid-crustal levels. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 109 (3), pp.326-339.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp.13-18.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Katophorite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Taramite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Winchite9.DE.20☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Mica Group'-
'Niobium' ?-Nb

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Katophorite66.1.3b.11{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Taramite66.1.3b.15{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Winchite66.1.3b.1☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Mica Group'-
'Niobium' ?-Nb
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O QuartzSiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
AlAluminium
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Al Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
SiSilicon
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
FeIron
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb NiobiumNb

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Crohn, P.W., Moore, D.H. (1984) The Mud Tank Carbonatite. Strangways Range. central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia Vol (9) pp13-18.
Currie, K.L., Knutson, J., Temby, P.A. (1992), The Mud Tank carbonatite complex, central Australia - an example of metasomatism at mid-crustal levels. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 109 (3), pp 326-339.

External Links

http://www.imerysvermiculite.com/mtm_about.htm [Imerys Vermiculite web site description dated 2012]

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

Australia
Australian PlateTectonic Plate

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