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Pima Mining District (Olive Mining District; Mineral Hill Mining District; Twin Buttes Mining District), Sierrita Mountains, Pima Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Pima Mining District (Olive Mining District; Mineral Hill Mining District; Twin Buttes Mining District)Mining District
Sierrita MountainsMountain Range
Pima Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° North , 111° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~20km
Locality type:


A Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Au-Mo-W mining area located in T.16-18S., R.11-13E., on the eastern margin of the Sierrita Mountains, from 18 to 30 road miles SSW of Tucson. As generally considered, it comprises the Mineral Hill, San Xavier, Olive Camp, and Twin Buttes areas, although the US. Minerals Yearbooks include with it the Papago and other districts of the Sierrita Mountains.

A pediment slopes gently eastward towards the Santa Cruz Valley from the foot of the Sierrita Mountains. This pediment ranges in altitude from approximately 4,500 feet on the west to 3,300 feet on the east. Rising prominently above it are scattered hills, such as the Twin Buttes, Helmet Peak, and Mineral Hill. Numerous eastward-flowing arroyos carry the runoff towards the Santa Cruz River. Topography is shown on the Twin Buttes quadrangle sheet.

Because of faulting, igneous intrusion, and alluvial cover, few if any of the sedimentary rock units are exposed in their original entire thickness. Over much of the area structural relations are obscure, and many features of the igneous bodies are not revealed.

The ore deposits in this district include contact, replacement, and vein types. These types are somewhat related to one another. Available evidence suggests that the ore solutions ascended through fissures of northeast to eastward strike. The principal mines are less than a mile from the granite outcrop.

The contact zone, nearest the granitic intrusive, is characterized by garnet and other ferric iron minerals; next outward is a zone containing ferrous iron, marked by hedenbergite; and farther outward, sulphides occur associated with little or no contact minerals (Mayuga).

Mineralization is varied: (1) Small, shallow-seated, low temperature fissure veins with spotty, partly oxidized base metal sulfides and relatively rich gold and silver values, in faults and fractures in Cretaceous sedimentary formations and andesite intrusives within the San Xavier thrust sheet; (2) Pyrometasomatic deposits with copper and/or lead-zinc mineralization in silicified Paleozoic limestone, often associated with fault contacts and bordering Laramide intrusions; and, (3) Large, irregular disseminated copper orebodies with minor or considerable molybdenite and locally minor sphalerite and galena in pyrometamorphosed sedimentary and volcanic formations or in complex intrusives.

The contact deposits are limestone replacements which are characterized by association with garnet, epidote, wollastonite and other silicates. These minerals occur somewhat erratically distributed in masses along fissures of various trends. In places they appear to be genetically connected with fissures of NE to eastward strike.

Fissure deposits containing Pb-Ag-Zn occur in arkosic or volcanic rocks of the Olive Camp area. Some gold-pyrite veins are found n quartzite breccia of the Alpha group area. Quartz-scheelite veins occur in arkosic beds of the Senator Morgan mine area. In general the veins trend northeasterly to N.8ºW. and dip steeply.

Workings include numerous small to large underground mines and prospects, and large open pit operations. Total estimated and reported production up through 1972 (now greatly outdated), would be some 369,707,400 tons of ore containing 2,100,000 tons of copper, 42,000 tons of lead, 116,000 tons of zinc, 31,000,000 oz. of silver, 53,700 oz. of gold and 33,000 tons of molybdenum.

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Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

112 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 133 (Table 4); Ransome (1922): 425-426; Cummings & Romslo (1950); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Description: Occurs as coarse, perthitic oligoclase in pegmatite dikes.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 330.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: Occurs in black sands over an area of several miles across.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 104; Adams, J.W. & M.H. Staatz (1969), Rare earths and thorium, in Mineral and water resources of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 180: 245-251.
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Occurs in veinlets with or without turquoise in the oxidized capping over the sulfide orebody.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 107;
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Colour: Pale olive-green
Description: Primary constituent of tactite formed in Paleozoic limestones.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 111; Kinnison, J.E. (1966), The Mission copper deposit, AZ, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (editors), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America, Univ. AZ Press, Tucson: 281-287; Richard, K. & J.H. Courtwright (1959), Some geologic features of the Mission copper deposit, in Southern Arizona Guidebook II, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 2: 201-204.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 112; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 58.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities:
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 114.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Description: Andesine-Labradorite segment of the Albite-Anorthite series. As phenocrysts up to 2 inches long in intrusive & flow porphyritic rocks, locally termed 'turkey track porphyry' in the lower part of the Helmet fanglomerate.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry - A possible guide for correlation of iocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
Anorthite var. Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Description: Andesine-Labradorite segment of the Albite-Anorthite series. As phenocrysts up to 2 inches long in intrusive & flow porphyritic rocks, locally termed 'turkey track porphyry' in the lower part of the Helmet fanglomerate.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry - A possible guide for correlation of iocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103756, MRDS ID #M050530.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 117.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 268, 385.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 118.
'Asbestos'
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10259047, MAS ID #0040190430.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 230; Williams, S.A. (1961), Gerhardtite from the Daisy shaft, Mineral Hill mine, Pima Co., AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 123.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Bassanite
Formula: Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Habit: Tiny, sub-hedral, fibrous crystals
Description: Occurs in veinlets filled with quartz in hydrothermally altered diorite and quartz diorite porphyry.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 130.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039594, MRDS ID #M050391.; Econ Geol (1980) 75:673-683
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Bornite var. Silver-bearing Bornite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)5FeS4
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 136 (Table 4); Ransome (1922): 423-424; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 48; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities:
Habit: Well-formed crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 146.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 153.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities:
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 137 (Table 4); Ransome (1922): 422-423; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 47; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 161.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 136 (Table 4); Ransome (1922): 423-424; Wilson, E.D. (1950): 48; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 133 (Table 4); Ransome (1922): 425-426; Cummings & Romslo (1950); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
'Clays'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 176.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 183, 336; Williams, S.A. (1961), Gerhardtite from the Daisy shaft, Mineral Hill mine, Pima Co., AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 123.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Description: Silky fibers & foliated masses.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 184.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
'Copper Stain'
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039585, MRDS ID #M050375.
Coquimbite
Formula: AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 186.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 191.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10111429, MRDS ID #M050387.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Description: Occurs with copper resulting from a replacement of an iron pipe in the sump.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 196.
Cuprite var. Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 242.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Description: Occurs in thin veins in diopside-garnet tactites as micro-material.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 199.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 201.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 204.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Description: Most abundant mineral in the hornfels host rock.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 205; Kinnison, J.E. (1966), The Mission copper deposit, AZ, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (editors), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America, Univ. AZ Press, Tucson: 281-287; Richard, K. & J.H. Courtwright (1959), Some geologic features of the Mission copper deposit, in Southern Arizona Guidebook II, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 2: 201-204.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Description: Occurs as micro-crystals with fluorite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 207, 224.
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 208.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Description: In contact metamorphic deposits in limestone; common as metamorphic mineral & as alteration product in igneous dikes.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 215, 250; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 100; Webber, B.N. (1929), Marcasite in the contact metamorphic ore deposits of the Twin Buttes District, Pima Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 24: 304-310.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 245.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 218; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 41
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 220.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities:
Description: Occurs as micro-crystals with dolomite and tetrahedrite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 207, 224.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Description: Occurs in garnetite; in skarns or tactites where altered limestones were relatively pure.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 225-226.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 137 (Table 4); Ransome (1922): 423; Wilson, E.D. (1950): 48-49; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Galena var. Silver-bearing Galena
Formula: PbS with Ag
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 136 (Table 4); Ransome (1922): 413, 424-425; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 49-50; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Description: In metamorphosed Paleozoic limestone.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 133 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 51; Cummings & Romalo (1950); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Gerhardtite
Formula: Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Description: Occurs as thin semas of granular material in cuprite, coated by aurichalcite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 183, 230, 336; Williams, S.A. (1961), Gerhardtite from the Daisy shaft, Mineral Hill mine, Pima Co., AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 123.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Description: Abundant in oxidized capping.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 233.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: JD Mizer
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: Abundant in limestone hornfels with diopside & tremolite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 205, 240, 402; Journeay, J.S. (1959), Pyrometasomatic deposits at Pima mine, in Southern Arizona guidebook II, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 2: 198-199.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Gypsum var. Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Description: Common as a gangue mineral in contact metamorphic limestones.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 215, 245; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 90; Irvin, G.W. (1959), Pyrometasomatic deposits at San Xavier mine, in Southern Arizona guidebook II, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 2: 195-197.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 246.
Hematite var. Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 133 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D. (1950): 50-51; Cummings & Romalo (1950); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Colour: Light green-blue
Description: Mammillary crusts.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 248.
'Heulandite'
Description: Micro-crystals with galena.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 250.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities:
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 262.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities:
Description: Product of hydrothermal alteration.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 266.
Kinoite
Formula: Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Habit: Micro-crystals; crystals to 0.5 cm.
Description: Occurs as crystals with associated species in wollastonite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 268, 385.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 272.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities:
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 137 (Table 4); Ransome (1922): 422-423; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 47; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Lindgrenite
Formula: Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Description: Very sparse.
Reference: thony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 133 (Table 4); Ransome (1922): 425-426; Cummings & Romslo (1950); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Description: Occurs as an alteration product of pyrrhotite
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 290; Webber, B.N. (1929), Marcasite in the contact metamorphic ore deposits of the Twin Buttes district, Pima Co., AZ, Econ.Geol. 24: 304-310; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 24.
'Medmontite'
Reference: António Manuel Ináçio Martins collection.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Description: Efflorescences on walls of old mine workings.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 292.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 298.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Description: A product of hydrothermal alteration.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 305.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 307.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1980) 75:673-683
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 136 (Table 4); Ransome (1922): 413, 424-425; Wilson, E.D. (1950): 49-50; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Description: Occurs in nepheline syenite in an exploratory drill hole.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 312; Schmidt, H.A., et al (1959), Disseminated deposits at the Esperanza copper mine, in Southern AZ Guidebook II, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 2: 205.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Description: Occurs in the supergene zone in collapse breccias.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 314.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Description: Common opal formed in the dump post-mining.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 193.
Opal var. Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Econ Geol (1980) 75:673-683
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 317.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 326.
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 137 (Table 4); Ransome (1922): 422-423; Wilson, E.D. (1950): 46-47; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Description: In quartz veins.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 138 (Table 4); Ransome (1922): 425-427; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 334; Wilson, E.D. (1941), AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 148: 37, 44-46; Dale, V.B., et al (1960), Tungsten deposits of Cochise, Pima, and Santa Cruz Cos., AZ, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 5650: 85-92; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Pseudoboleite
Formula: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 183, 336; Williams, S.A. (1961), Gerhardtite from the Daisy shaft, Mineral Hill mine, Pima Co., AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 123.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 343.
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039575, RDS D #M050359.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 133 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D. (1950): 50-51; Cummings & Romalo (1950); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 353.
Rhodonite
Formula: CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 354.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Description: Occurs intergrown with flat-bladed calcite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 357.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Description: Tungsten-rich material occurring in the New Year's Eve Breccia.
Reference: thony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 220.
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Colour: Black
Description: Occurs as shiny crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 360; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 41
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 400.
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 366.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Description: Occurs in metamorphic rocks.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 368.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 137 (Table 4); Ransome (1922): 422-423; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 47; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Smithsonite var. Dry Bone Ore
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 374.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 133 (Table 4); Ransome (1922): 425-426; Cummings & Romslo (1950); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Sphalerite var. Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Colour: Black
Description: Masses of crystalline material in a matrix of snow-white wollastonite and marble.
Reference: ASARCO site geologist.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 22.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Formula: (Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 383.
Stringhamite
Formula: CaCu(SiO4) · H2O
Description: Occurs with associated species in wollastonite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 268, 385.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 386.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 388.
'Tennantite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4C2+2)As4S12S
Localities:
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 137 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D. (1950): 49; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12S
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 137 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D. (1950): 49; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup var. Argentian Tetrahedrite'
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 137 (Table 4); Ransome (1922): 423; Wilson, E.D. (1950): 48-49; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 397.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 399.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 135 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Tremolite
Formula: ◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities:
Description: Associated with a mineral deposit of contact-metamorphic origin.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 402; Ransome, F.L. (1922), Ore deposits of the Sierrita Mountains, Pima Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 725-J: 407-428.
Turquoise
Formula: CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Description: Occurs in veinlets with alunite in the oxidized capping over the sulfide orebody.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 107, 405; Schmidt, H.A., et al (1959), Disseminated deposits at the Esperanza copper mine, in Southern AZ Guidebook II, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 2: 205.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048217, MRDS ID #M800302.
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 409; Min.Rec.: 8: 517.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 411.
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Description: Occurs in skarns & tactites.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 414.
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Description: Occurs as micro-crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 421.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Personal knowledge and consultations with knowledgeable professionals
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities:
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 426.
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Description: Alteration product of dioritic rocks.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 432.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
var. Silver-bearing Bornite2.BA.15(Cu,Ag)5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var. Silver-bearing Galena2.CD.10PbS with Ag
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var. Marmatite2.CB.05a(Zn,Fe)S
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
'Tennantite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4C2+2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12S
'var. Argentian Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Pseudoboleite3.DB.10Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var. Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var. Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var. Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Gerhardtite5.NB.05Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
var. Dry Bone Ore5.AB.05ZnCO3
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Bassanite7.CD.45Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var. Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lindgrenite7.GB.05Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var. Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kinoite9.BH.10Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Stringhamite9.AE.35CaCu(SiO4) · H2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Asbestos'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Medmontite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Stilbite subgroup'-(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification


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Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite Subgroup'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4C2+2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
AB2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Pseudoboleite10.6.8.1Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 19 - NITRATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Anhydrous Nitrates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Gerhardtite19.1.1.1Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Bassanite29.6.1.1Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
Lindgrenite48.3.1.1Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si3O10] groups
Kinoite57.1.2.1Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Stringhamite78.1.9.1CaCu(SiO4) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var. Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Asbestos'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Bornite
var. Silver-bearing Bornite
-(Cu,Ag)5FeS4
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Copper Stain'-
Cuprite
var. Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
Galena
var. Silver-bearing Galena
-PbS with Ag
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
var. Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
var. Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Heulandite'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Medmontite'-
Muscovite
var. Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var. Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Smithsonite
var. Dry Bone Ore
-ZnCO3
Sphalerite
var. Marmatite
-(Zn,Fe)S
'Stilbite subgroup'-(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup
var. Argentian Tetrahedrite'
-(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Opal var. Opal-ANSiO2 · nH2O
H Gypsum var. SeleniteCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
H StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C WitheriteBaCO3
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C Smithsonite var. Dry Bone OreZnCO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
NNitrogen
N GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
OOxygen
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O QuartzSiO2
O Opal var. Opal-ANSiO2 · nH2O
O Gypsum var. SeleniteCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Hematite var. SpeculariteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O RutileTiO2
O LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Cuprite var. ChalcotrichiteCu2O
O WitheriteBaCO3
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O Smithsonite var. Dry Bone OreZnCO3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
O StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
O UraniniteUO2
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
NaSodium
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
MgMagnesium
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
AlAluminium
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Al Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Al Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
SiSilicon
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Opal var. Opal-ANSiO2 · nH2O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Si Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Si StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Si Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
PPhosphorus
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S GalenaPbS
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S PyriteFeS2
S Gypsum var. SeleniteCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C22+)Sb4S12S
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S SphaleriteZnS
S Bornite var. Silver-bearing Bornite(Cu,Ag)5FeS4
S Galena var. Silver-bearing GalenaPbS with Ag
S Tennantite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C22+)As4S12S
S Tetrahedrite Subgroup var. Argentian Tetrahedrite(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S StibniteSb2S3
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S CovelliteCuS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S Sphalerite var. Marmatite(Zn,Fe)S
S AnglesitePbSO4
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
S BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
S SulphurS8
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S DigeniteCu9S5
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Gypsum var. SeleniteCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Ca StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Ca Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe Hematite var. SpeculariteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Fe Bornite var. Silver-bearing Bornite(Cu,Ag)5FeS4
Fe Tetrahedrite Subgroup var. Argentian Tetrahedrite(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Sphalerite var. Marmatite(Zn,Fe)S
Fe Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu CopperCu
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C22+)Sb4S12S
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu Bornite var. Silver-bearing Bornite(Cu,Ag)5FeS4
Cu Tennantite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C22+)As4S12S
Cu Tetrahedrite Subgroup var. Argentian Tetrahedrite(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Cu TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu Cuprite var. ChalcotrichiteCu2O
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Cu StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Tetrahedrite Subgroup var. Argentian Tetrahedrite(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Sphalerite var. Marmatite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn Smithsonite var. Dry Bone OreZnCO3
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
AsArsenic
As Tennantite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C22+)As4S12S
As DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
YYttrium
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
NbNiobium
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Mo LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag Bornite var. Silver-bearing Bornite(Cu,Ag)5FeS4
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag Galena var. Silver-bearing GalenaPbS with Ag
Ag Tetrahedrite Subgroup var. Argentian Tetrahedrite(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
SbAntimony
Sb Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C22+)Sb4S12S
Sb Tetrahedrite Subgroup var. Argentian Tetrahedrite(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb StibniteSb2S3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb Galena var. Silver-bearing GalenaPbS with Ag
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
ThThorium
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
U UraniniteUO2

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Guild, F.N. (1910), The mineralogy of Arizona, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA.
Ransome, F.L. (1922) Ore deposits of the Sierrita Mountains, Pima County, Arizona, in Contributions to Economic Geology (Short Papers and Preliminary Reports), 1921 - Part I.--Metals and Nonmetals except Fuels: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 725, p. 407-428.
Webber, B.N. (1929), Marcasite in the contact metamorphic ore deposits of the Twin Buttes District, Pima Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 24: 304-310.
Guild, F.N. (1934), Microscopic relations of magnetite, hematite, pyrite and chalcopyrite, Economic Geology: 29: 107-120.
Mayuga, M.N. (1942) The Geology and Ore Deposits of the Helmet Peak Area, Pima County, Arizona, PhD thesis, University of Arizona.
Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 156: 39-51.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 39, 60, 61, 81, 90, 92, 100.
Irvin, G.W. (1959), Pyrometasomatic deposits at San Xavier mine, in Southern Arizona guidebook II, Arizona Geological Society Digest: 2: 195-197.
Lacy, W.C. (1959) Structure and ore deposits of the east Sierrita area, in Heindl, L.A., ed., Southern Arizona Guidebook II, combined with the 2nd annual Arizona Geological Society Digest: Arizona Geological Society, p. 184-192.
Cooper, J.R. (1960) Some geologic features of the Pima mining district, Pima County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1112-C, p. 63-103, 1 sheet, scale 1:31,680.
Keith, Stanton B. (1974), Arizona Bureau of Geology & Mineral Technology, Geological Survey Branch Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, Arizona: 133 (Table 4).
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 101, 118, 126, 158, 174, 184, 205, 207, 215, 216, 229, 245, 248, 250, 284, 292, 341, 346, 374, 377, 386.
Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.

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