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Cardenillo Mine, Benahavís, Málaga, Andalusia, Spaini
Regional Level Types
Cardenillo MineMine
Benahavís- not defined -
MálagaProvince
AndalusiaAutonomous Community
SpainCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
36° North , 5° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~11km
Locality type:


Copper mine worked initially by romans (II-I century before Christ), therefore under conservative heritage protection.
No minerals of interest to collectors can be found thus the place as indicative and potential enriched copper deposit.

The deposit is encountered along shear zone (low angle dipping fault N35-45E) between sillimanite migmatitic-gneiss overlying brecciated peridotites (weathered lherzolites, south boundary Bermeja Massif). The thrust fault is identified on site by a brecciated wide band of light quartzites and strong foliated gneiss. Currently within the chamber, there is a production shaft which is flooded (secondary enriched zone and primary sulphides), unable crossing the lower mine levels.
This deposit comprises a high geo-educative ancient geo-mining resource asset as there it can be observed the typical zoning of copper deposit inside Mediterranean climate, from top gossan and weathered zone, to below enriched zone and primary sulphides below water table. Within the small adit, colorful walls produced by copper solutions, give the visitant a fantastic scenario at such remarkable mine.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Iberian PeninsulaPeninsula

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


11 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Romero Silva, J.C., Martos, J., Navarro-Garcia, J.M., Padilla, J.S., Luengo, I.N. (2013) Las minas de cobre y el yacimiento de época romano republicana del Cerro del Cardenillo, río Guadalmansa (Benahavis-Málaga) Spain". In Takurunna No.3, Yearbook of Studies on Ronda and La Serranía, pp.9-55.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Romero Silva, J.C., Martos, J., Navarro-Garcia, J.M., Padilla, J.S., Luengo, I.N. (2013) Las minas de cobre y el yacimiento de época romano republicana del Cerro del Cardenillo, río Guadalmansa (Benahavis-Málaga) Spain". In Takurunna No.3, Yearbook of Studies on Ronda and La Serranía, pp.9-55.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Romero Silva, J.C., Martos, J., Navarro-Garcia, J.M., Padilla, J.S., Luengo, I.N. (2013) Las minas de cobre y el yacimiento de época romano republicana del Cerro del Cardenillo, río Guadalmansa (Benahavis-Málaga) Spain". In Takurunna No.3, Yearbook of Studies on Ronda and La Serranía, pp.9-55.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Romero Silva, J.C., Martos, J., Navarro-Garcia, J.M., Padilla, J.S., Luengo, I.N. (2013) Las minas de cobre y el yacimiento de época romano republicana del Cerro del Cardenillo, río Guadalmansa (Benahavis-Málaga) Spain". In Takurunna No.3, Yearbook of Studies on Ronda and La Serranía, pp.9-55.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Romero Silva, J.C., Martos, J., Navarro-Garcia, J.M., Padilla, J.S., Luengo, I.N. (2013) Las minas de cobre y el yacimiento de época romano republicana del Cerro del Cardenillo, río Guadalmansa (Benahavis-Málaga) Spain". In Takurunna No.3, Yearbook of Studies on Ronda and La Serranía, pp.9-55.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Romero Silva, J.C., Martos, J., Navarro-Garcia, J.M., Padilla, J.S., Luengo, I.N. (2013) Las minas de cobre y el yacimiento de época romano republicana del Cerro del Cardenillo, río Guadalmansa (Benahavis-Málaga) Spain". In Takurunna No.3, Yearbook of Studies on Ronda and La Serranía, pp.9-55.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Romero Silva, J.C., Martos, J., Navarro-Garcia, J.M., Padilla, J.S., Luengo, I.N. (2013) Las minas de cobre y el yacimiento de época romano republicana del Cerro del Cardenillo, río Guadalmansa (Benahavis-Málaga) Spain". In Takurunna No.3, Yearbook of Studies on Ronda and La Serranía, pp.9-55.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Romero Silva, J.C., Martos, J., Navarro-Garcia, J.M., Padilla, J.S., Luengo, I.N. (2013) Las minas de cobre y el yacimiento de época romano republicana del Cerro del Cardenillo, río Guadalmansa (Benahavis-Málaga) Spain". In Takurunna No.3, Yearbook of Studies on Ronda and La Serranía, pp.9-55.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Romero Silva, J.C., Martos, J., Navarro-Garcia, J.M., Padilla, J.S., Luengo, I.N. (2013) Las minas de cobre y el yacimiento de época romano republicana del Cerro del Cardenillo, río Guadalmansa (Benahavis-Málaga) Spain". In Takurunna No.3, Yearbook of Studies on Ronda and La Serranía, pp.9-55.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Romero Silva, J.C., Martos, J., Navarro-Garcia, J.M., Padilla, J.S., Luengo, I.N. (2013) Las minas de cobre y el yacimiento de época romano republicana del Cerro del Cardenillo, río Guadalmansa (Benahavis-Málaga) Spain". In Takurunna No.3, Yearbook of Studies on Ronda and La Serranía, pp.9-55.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Romero Silva, J.C., Martos, J., Navarro-Garcia, J.M., Padilla, J.S., Luengo, I.N. (2013) Las minas de cobre y el yacimiento de época romano republicana del Cerro del Cardenillo, río Guadalmansa (Benahavis-Málaga) Spain". In Takurunna No.3, Yearbook of Studies on Ronda and La Serranía, pp.9-55.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Romero Silva, J.C., Martos, J., Navarro-Garcia, J.M., Padilla, J.S., Luengo, I.N. (2013) Las minas de cobre y el yacimiento de época romano republicana del Cerro del Cardenillo, río Guadalmansa (Benahavis-Málaga) Spain". In Takurunna No.3, 2013 pp.9-55.
[The copper mines and the site of the Roman-Republican period of Cerro del Cardenillo, Guadalmansa river (Benahavís, Málaga) Spain. In Takurunna No.3, Yearbook of Studies on Ronda and La Serranía], pp.9-55.]

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