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Malkhan pegmatite field (Malchan; "Malechansk"), Krasnyi Chikoy, Chitinskaya Oblast, Zabaykalsky Krai, Russiai
Regional Level Types
Malkhan pegmatite field (Malchan; "Malechansk")Pegmatite Field
Krasnyi Chikoy- not defined -
Chitinskaya OblastOblast
Zabaykalsky KraiKrai
RussiaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° North , 109° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~2km
Locality type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
Малханское пегматитовое поле


A field of complex granitic pegmatites located south-east of Lake Baikal, about 200 km from Ulan-Ude. The pegmatites were discovered in 1980 by Russian exploration geologists, and are known for recent production of pink and polychrome elbaite, and other pegmatite minerals.

Bounded by the Khilok River in the north and the Chikoi River in the south. The Malkhan field of complex granitic, miarole-rich pegmatites occupies an area of about 60 km2.

Note: "Malechansk" is a misnomer. "Malkhansk" is also found on labels.

Regions containing this locality

AsiaContinent
Soviet Union (1922-1991)Country (Former)
Siberian Federal District, RussiaDistrict
Amur PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

39 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Lopatkin Oleg; Fialova, D., Kremplova, M., Hynek, D., Konecna, M., Kaiser, J., Malina, R., ... & Adam, V. (2013). Sosedka Pegmatite Metal Ions Composition Determined by Voltammetry. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci, 8, 7853-7867.; Zagorsky, V. Y. (2012). Mineralogy of pockets of the Malkhan tourmaline deposit (< i> Transbaikalia): feldspars of the Sosedka vein. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 53(6), 522-534
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Reference: Zagorsky, V. Ye., Peretyazhko, I.S., Dmitrieva, A.S. (2016): Axinite-(Mn) from miarolitic granitic pegmatites of the Malkhan gem-tourmaline deposit (Transbaikalia, Russia): composition, paragenesis and formation conditions. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 811-824.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Alkali-beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Rainer Thomas, Paul Davidson and Elena Badanina (2010) Water- and Boron-Rich Melt Inclusions in Quartz from the Malkhan Pegmatite, Transbaikalia, Russia. Minerals 2012, 2, 435-458.
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Badanina, E.V., Gordienko, V.V., Wiechowski, A., and Friedrich, G. (2008): Geology of ore Deposits 50(8), 772-781.; Rainer Thomas, Paul Davidson and Elena Badanina (2010) Water- and Boron-Rich Melt Inclusions in Quartz from the Malkhan Pegmatite, Transbaikalia, Russia. Minerals 2012, 2, 435-458.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bismutocolumbite (TL)
Formula: Bi(Nb,Ta)O4
Reference: [Lapis 1993:1 p13-15; ZVMO,(1992) 121, n3, 130-134]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: [Lapis 1993:1 p13-15]
Bobierrite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: [Lapis 1993:1 p13-15]
Borocookeite (TL)
Formula: Li1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: American Mineralogist, 88, 830-836.; International Geological Congress (2008) MRD-06 The Sosedka gem tourmaline-rich mine: Emplacement of extremely chemically heterogeneous pegmatite-forming medium; Zagorsky, V. Y. (2012). Mineralogy of pockets of the Malkhan tourmaline deposit (< i> Transbaikalia): feldspars of the Sosedka vein. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 53(6), 522-534
Boromuscovite
Formula: KAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Zagorsky V Y, Peretyazhko I S, Sapozhnikov A N, Zhukhlistov A P, Zvyagin B B (2003) Borocookeite, a new member of the chlorite group from the Malkhan gem tourmaline deposit, Central Transbaikalia, Russia, American Mineralogist, 88, 830-836
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Peretyazhko, I. S., Zagorsky, V. Y., Smirnov, S. Z., & Mikhailov, M. Y. (2004). Conditions of pocket formation in the Oktyabrskaya tourmaline-rich gem pegmatite (the Malkhan field, Central Transbaikalia, Russia). Chemical geology, 210(1), 91-111.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: [Lapis 1993:1 p13-15]
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Fialova, D., Kremplova, M., Hynek, D., Konecna, M., Kaiser, J., Malina, R., ... & Adam, V. (2013). Sosedka Pegmatite Metal Ions Composition Determined by Voltammetry. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci, 8, 7853-7867.
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
'Ilmenorutile-Strüverite Series'
Reference: Badanina, E.V., Gordienko, V.V., Wiechowski, A., and Friedrich, G. (2008): Geology of ore Deposits 50(8), 772-781.
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ixiolite var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring)
Formula: (Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: Badanina, E.V., Gordienko, V.V., Wiechowski, A., and Friedrich, G. (2008): Geology of ore Deposits 50(8), 772-781.
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: International Geological Congress (2008) MRD-06 The Sosedka gem tourmaline-rich mine: Emplacement of extremely chemically heterogeneous pegmatite-forming medium; Fialova, D., Kremplova, M., Hynek, D., Konecna, M., Kaiser, J., Malina, R., ... & Adam, V. (2013). Sosedka Pegmatite Metal Ions Composition Determined by Voltammetry. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci, 8, 7853-7867.; Zagorsky, V. Y. (2012). Mineralogy of pockets of the Malkhan tourmaline deposit (< i> Transbaikalia): feldspars of the Sosedka vein. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 53(6), 522-534
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Lepidolite'
'Liddicoatite'
Formula: Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Fialova, D., Kremplova, M., Hynek, D., Konecna, M., Kaiser, J., Malina, R., ... & Adam, V. (2013). Sosedka Pegmatite Metal Ions Composition Determined by Voltammetry. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci, 8, 7853-7867.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Rainer Thomas, Paul Davidson and Elena Badanina (2010) Water- and Boron-Rich Melt Inclusions in Quartz from the Malkhan Pegmatite, Transbaikalia, Russia. Minerals 2012, 2, 435-458.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: [MinRec 32:44]
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nanpingite
Formula: CsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Reference: Rainer Thomas, Paul Davidson and Elena Badanina (2010) Water- and Boron-Rich Melt Inclusions in Quartz from the Malkhan Pegmatite, Transbaikalia, Russia. Minerals 2012, 2, 435-458.
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Fialova, D., Kremplova, M., Hynek, D., Konecna, M., Kaiser, J., Malina, R., ... & Adam, V. (2013). Sosedka Pegmatite Metal Ions Composition Determined by Voltammetry. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci, 8, 7853-7867.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Badanina, E.V., Gordienko, V.V., Wiechowski, A., and Friedrich, G. (2008): Geology of ore Deposits 50(8), 772-781.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Badanina, E.V., Gordienko, V.V., Wiechowski, A., and Friedrich, G. (2008): Geology of ore Deposits 50(8), 772-781.; Fialova, D., Kremplova, M., Hynek, D., Konecna, M., Kaiser, J., Malina, R., ... & Adam, V. (2013). Sosedka Pegmatite Metal Ions Composition Determined by Voltammetry. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci, 8, 7853-7867.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Reference: Badanina, E.V., Gordienko, V.V., Wiechowski, A., and Friedrich, G. (2008): Geology of ore Deposits 50(8), 772-781.; Fialova, D., Kremplova, M., Hynek, D., Konecna, M., Kaiser, J., Malina, R., ... & Adam, V. (2013). Sosedka Pegmatite Metal Ions Composition Determined by Voltammetry. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci, 8, 7853-7867.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: [MinRec 32:44]
Rutile var: Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Reference: [MinRec 32:44]
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Badanina, E.V., Gordienko, V.V., Wiechowski, A., and Friedrich, G. (2008): Geology of ore Deposits 50(8), 772-781.
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection ("Malechansk")
'Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)'
Reference: Badanina, E.V., Gordienko, V.V., Wiechowski, A., and Friedrich, G. (2008): Geology of ore Deposits 50(8), 772-781.
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: [MinRec 32:44]
'Stilbite subgroup'
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline var: Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Bismutocolumbite (TL)4.DE.30Bi(Nb,Ta)O4
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring)4.DB.25(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Polycrase-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
'Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)'4.DH.15
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Group 6 - Borates
Hambergite6.AB.05Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Bobierrite8.CE.35Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Axinite-(Mn)9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Alkali-beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Borocookeite (TL)9.EC.55Li1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
Boromuscovite9.EC.15KAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Danburite9.FA.65CaB2Si2O8
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Liddicoatite'9.CK.05Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nanpingite9.EC.15CsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Petalite9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Axinite Group'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Ilmenorutile-Strüverite Series'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Strüverite4.4.1.3(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Bismutocolumbite (TL)8.1.6.4Bi(Nb,Ta)O4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.2.5
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)'8.2.2.7
AB2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Polycrase-(Y)8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Hambergite25.1.1.1Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Bobierrite40.3.7.1Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Mn)56.2.2.3Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Danburite56.3.1.1CaB2Si2O8
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Liddicoatite'61.3.1.2Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Boromuscovite71.2.2a.9KAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nanpingite71.2.2a.8CsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Axinite Group'-
Beryl
var: Alkali-beryl
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Borocookeite (TL)-Li1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Ilmenorutile-Strüverite Series'-
Ixiolite
var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring)
-(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Monazite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BorocookeiteLi1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
H NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
H LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
LiLithium
Li BorocookeiteLi1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B BorocookeiteLi1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
B Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
B HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
CCarbon
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
OOxygen
O BismutocolumbiteBi(Nb,Ta)O4
O BorocookeiteLi1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
O Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
O PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O CassiteriteSnO2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O QuartzSiO2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring))(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
O NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
O Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
O RutileTiO2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al BorocookeiteLi1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Al NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Al Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
SiSilicon
Si BorocookeiteLi1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Si NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Si Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
PPhosphorus
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
SSulfur
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Ca LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Ca Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
ScScandium
Sc Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring))(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
TiTitanium
Ti Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring))(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ti Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring))(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
FeIron
Fe Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring))(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb BismutocolumbiteBi(Nb,Ta)O4
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring))(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Cs NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
CeCerium
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
TaTantalum
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ta Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring))(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
BiBismuth
Bi BismutocolumbiteBi(Nb,Ta)O4
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi BismuthBi
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
ThThorium
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Early Cretaceous : 126.1 ± 1.1 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Mesozoic
  Cretaceous
   Early Cretaceous
ⓘ Lepidolite126.1 ± 1.1 MaOktyabrskaya pegmatite vein, Malkhan pegmatite field (Malchan; "Malechansk"), Krasnyi Chikoy, Chitinskaya Oblast, Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Zagorsky, V. Y., I. S. Peretyazhko and V. Y. Kushnarov (2005), Tourmalines of Malkhan, Institute of Geochemistry, Irkutsk, 31 p. (in English and Russian)
Zagorsky, V. Y., & Peretyazhko, I. S. (2006, January). The Malkhan granite-pegmatite system. In Doklady earth sciences (Vol. 406, No. 1, pp. 132-135). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Zagorsky, V.Y.; Peretyazhko, I.S. (2008) The Malkhan gem tourmaline deposit in Transbaikalia, Russia. Miner. Obs., 13, 4–39.
Bryan K. Lees, Jindrich Kynicky, Jan Kynicky, Wenlei Song, Michaela Kotlanova, Gerhard Wagner & Philip Persson (2019) The Malkhan Pegmatite District, Krasny Chikoy, Transbaikalia, Eastern Siberian Region, Russia. Mineralogical Record 50:245-324
Rainer Thomas, Paul Davidson and Elena Badanina (2010) Water- and Boron-Rich Melt Inclusions in Quartz from the Malkhan Pegmatite, Transbaikalia, Russia. Minerals 2012, 2, 435-458.

Localities in this Region


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