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Pannikin Mica Mine (Pannikan mine), Mount Mabel, Ambalindum Station, Harts Range (Harts Ranges; Hartz Range; Hartz Ranges), Central Desert Region, Northern Territory, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 23° 8' 5'' South , 134° 44' 12'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -23.1347285609, 134.736697605

Access is either from the Old Station Well heading east of this by approximately 11 kilometres, or south from the Mount Riddock Station homestead, through a rough track which traverses the ranges south, until meeting the same east-west track, then turning east, and travelling 5 kilometres. Permission from the station owner should be obtained before heading to the area. The Pannikin mine is near the northern boundary of the Ambalindum Station.

From the main track, a side track heads south-east for approximately 2 kilometres to the small Pannikin Dam. A faint track follows the creek east, doing a semi circle to the south for less than one kilometre. It is thought the Pannikin mine is about 200 metres east, and Elbow mine the same distance south of this point, but is unconfirmed. There appears to be several small mica mines/pegmatites in the area. One may have been called Little Pannikin, based on a lease taken out by Constantine Perry in 1944, and re-leased in 1946 under Constantine's name, and in addition Louis Bertrand Power, and Maxwell Clement Flannagan. The White Lady mica mine is several kilometres south-west of the dam, with no clear access track these days.

The mine was inspected in 1945, and focuses mainly on the economic worth of the mica. Gemstones are possible, but unknown. The mine had five shafts (probably now collapsed), but little mining had occurred by this stage. The west part of the pegmatite is granitic, without commercial quantities of mica. The rest showed medium sized books of muscovite, in a mica vein, parallel to the hanging wall.

The coarse pegmatite contains plagioclase, and quartz as large masses, some pink orthoclase or microcline, as aggregates in a rough banded structure, parallel to the walls of the pegmatite. The mica is often stained with a latticework of brown, red, and yellow streaks.

It appears that there are differing spellings of the mine. Kruttschnitt, J (1951) uses Pannikans; Bonzle spells the site as Pannikan's and Owen (1945) uses Pannikin.

The coordinates provided are approximate.

Mineral List

3 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Entries shown in red are rocks recorded for this region.

Note: this is a very new system on and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Owen, H.B. (1945) Notes on the Pannikin and Elbow mica deposits Harts Range, N.T., Department of Supply and Shipping/Mineral Resources Survey Branch, Record 1945/5.

Kruttschnitt, J., Moss, F.A., Carter, S., Haney, T. (1951) Report on the Harts Range Mica Field, Mount Isa Mines Ltd, April 1951.

MacCulloch, I.R.F., Nielsen, K.I. (1985) White Hill Dam Prospect Alice Springs, Northern Territory, Kinex Proprietary Ltd. (CR85/136).

Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (1946) Northern Territory of Australia. Mining Ordinance 1939-45, 14/03/1946.

Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (1944) Northern Territory of Australia. Mining Ordinance 1939-42, 07/12/1944.

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