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Lizard Complex, Cornwall, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
Lizard ComplexComplex
CornwallCounty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Mullion1,955 (2017)
Lizard906 (2017)
Ruan Minor558 (2017)
Coverack255 (2017)


The Lizard Complex is generally accepted to represent a preserved example of an exposed ophiolite complex.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

64 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Habit: Ranges from massive to frequently fine, soft, asbestiform masses lying transverse to the vein, also coarse, tough sheaves and bundles parallel to the vein. Veins vary between sub-millimetre to 150mm or more. Fibres sub-millimetre to (prossibly) in excess of 100mm.
Colour: White, pale green, olive green, blackish green
Description: It is likely, from anecdotal evidence, that most of the material from this site will tend toward the Tremolite end of the series, although Actinolite has been reported.
Reference: Alysson Rowan Collection
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), pp. 108.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Asbestos'
'Asbestos var: Mountain Leather'
Habit: Fibrous, matted. Impalpable, microscopic.
Colour: Sepia-brown, paling to greyish-white. Translucent to opaque. Becomes pale dun to white when fully dry.
Description: Mountain leather forms thin, multilayered masses at the interface between some calcite veins and the bastite serpentinite host-rock. It is characterised as a sepia-brown, lamellar sheet, friable and slightly flexible when dry and distinctly soft and flexible when wet. The margins of the sheets exhibit occasional fringes of separated asbestiform fibres. Composition is almost certainly within the Tremolite-Actinolite series.
Reference: Alysson Rowan Collection
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Richard Tayler minerals 2013. Analysed.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: SMLS journal July/ Aug 1999
'Chabazite'
Reference: [MinRec 20:395]; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Smyth, W.M., Reeks, T., and Rudler, F.W. (1864): A Catalogue of the Mineral Collections in the Museum of Practical Geology. HMSO Publications (London), 190pp.; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Collins, J.H. (1892): A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon, 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.
'Chlorite Group'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Russell, A. (1910): Mineralogical Magazine 15, 377-384; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Diallage
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177.; Golley & Williams, 1996, 24 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Erik Vercammen collection
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: No reference listed
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Description: Occurs in waterworn pebbles originating from a rodingite vein.
Reference: Peter Haas
'Gmelinite'
Reference: No reference listed
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Dale Foster Collection
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Reference: Bevins, R.E., Symes, R.F., Hor´ak, J.M., and Holyer, V. (1987): Mineralogical Magazine 51, 172–173
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Description: Reported as "metalloid diallage".
Reference: Majendie, A. (1818): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 1, 32-37; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Ilmenite var: Manaccanite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
'Kerolite'
Formula: (Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
Reference: Clay Minerals Bull. 32:241
'K Feldspar' ?
Reference: P Haas collection
'K Feldspar var: Adularia' ?
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: P Haas collection
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), pp. 108.
Lizardite (TL)
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: No reference listed
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Description: Minute flakes in magnetite-chlorite patches in serpentinized peridotite.
Reference: Horrell Clark, A. (1967) Mackinawite from the Lizard, Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 36, n° 280, 614-616. Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177 (referring to Horrell Clark)
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1967 36 : 614-616
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: No reference listed
Minnesotaite
Formula: Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Clarke, A.H. (1970) American Mineralogist, 55, pp. 283-284.; Ryback, G., Nawaz, R. and Farley, E. (1988) Seventh Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Irish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 365, pp. 267-274.; Handbook of Mineralogy.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: [Golley & Williams, 1995, 58 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"];
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Reference: [Golley & Williams, 1995, 48 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: [Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: SMLS journal July/ Aug 1999
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Saponite (TL)
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
'Saussurite'
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Serpentine Subgroup var: Bastite'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: SMLS journal July/ Aug 1999
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Stevensite
Formula: (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Talc var: Steatite
Formula: Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
'Tiger's Eye'
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society (1870): 38. Annual Report, pp. 30-31
Tochilinite
Formula: Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Colour: Lavender, Purple
Description: Power et al. (1997) report purple vesuvianite as a constituent of rodingite inclusions in serpentinite. A qualitative element overview by ICP-AES showed significant manganese among the trace impurities (Peter Haas).
Reference: Power, M.R., Shail, R.K., Alexander, A.C., and Scott, P.W. (1997): Proceedings of the Ussher Society 9, 188-194
Vesuvianite var: Manganoan Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Colour: Lavender, Purple
Description: Power et al. (1997) report purple vesuvianite as a constituent of rodingite inclusions in serpentinite. A qualitative element overview by ICP-AES showed significant manganese among the trace impurities (Peter Haas).
Reference: Power, M.R., Shail, R.K., Alexander, A.C., and Scott, P.W. (1997): Proceedings of the Ussher Society 9, 188-194
Volborthite ?
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Description: A mineral which is almost certainly volborthite occurs as minute yellow to yellow green spherules (up to about 0.3 mm across) in fractures in the rock. Insufficient material was available for analysis by XRD, but EDS produced a trace which is typical of volborthite. Identification can only be tentative without a confirmatory analysis by XRD, but the data is included in the hope that a detailed examination of further specimens will reveal sufficient material.
Reference: Green, D.I., Hubbard, N., and Ince, F. (2008) A review of the occurrences of the copper vanadate minerals volborthite and tangeite in the British Isles. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 54-58.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Hall, A. (1979): Proceedings of the Ussher Society 4, 188-194

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Tochilinite2.FD.35Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
var: Manaccanite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Volborthite ?8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Diallage9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Lizardite (TL)9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Minnesotaite9.EC.05Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Saponite (TL)9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stevensite9.EC.45(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
var: Steatite9.EC.05Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
var: Manganoan Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Asbestos'-
'var: Mountain Leather'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gmelinite'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'K Feldspar' ?-
'var: Adularia' ?-KAlSi3O8
'Kerolite'-(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Saussurite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'var: Bastite'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tiger's Eye'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Tochilinite2.14.2.1Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Hetaerolite7.2.7.2ZnMn2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Volborthite ?40.3.10.1Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite (TL)71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Minnesotaite71.2.1.5Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite (TL)71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Stevensite71.3.1b.6(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'-
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Asbestos'-
'var: Mountain Leather'-
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Diopside
var: Diallage
-CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gmelinite'-
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Ilmenite
var: Manaccanite
-Fe2+TiO3
'K Feldspar' ?-
'var: Adularia' ?-KAlSi3O8
'Kerolite'-(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
'Saussurite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'var: Bastite'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Talc
var: Steatite
-Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
'Tiger's Eye'-
Vesuvianite
var: Manganoan Vesuvianite
-(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine Subgroup (var: Bastite)D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Kerolite(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
H Vesuvianite (var: Manganoan Vesuvianite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
B Vesuvianite (var: Manganoan Vesuvianite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Ilmenite (var: Manaccanite)Fe2+TiO3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Serpentine Subgroup (var: Bastite)D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O QuartzSiO2
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O CupriteCu2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O HematiteFe2O3
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
O Kerolite(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
O Vesuvianite (var: Manganoan Vesuvianite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Vesuvianite (var: Manganoan Vesuvianite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Na Vesuvianite (var: Manganoan Vesuvianite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine Subgroup (var: Bastite)D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Kerolite(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
Mg TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Mg Vesuvianite (var: Manganoan Vesuvianite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
AlAluminium
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Serpentine Subgroup (var: Bastite)D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Vesuvianite (var: Manganoan Vesuvianite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
SiSilicon
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Serpentine Subgroup (var: Bastite)D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Kerolite(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si Vesuvianite (var: Manganoan Vesuvianite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
SSulfur
S ChalcociteCu2S
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S PyriteFeS2
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S GalenaPbS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
S TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Ca Vesuvianite (var: Manganoan Vesuvianite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
TiTitanium
Ti Ilmenite (var: Manaccanite)Fe2+TiO3
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Serpentine Subgroup (var: Bastite)D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
FeIron
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Ilmenite (var: Manaccanite)Fe2+TiO3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Serpentine Subgroup (var: Bastite)D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
Fe TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Fe Vesuvianite (var: Manganoan Vesuvianite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Serpentine Subgroup (var: Bastite)D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Kerolite(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CopperCu
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Cu VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn Serpentine Subgroup (var: Bastite)D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
AsArsenic
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
PtPlatinum
Pt PlatinumPt
PbLead
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb GalenaPbS

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Devonian : 419.2 ± 3.2 Ma to 358.9 ± 0.4 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Permian
   Guadalupian
ⓘ Major polymetallic mineralization~270 MaCornwall, England, UK
   Cisuralian
ⓘ Porphyry dikes intruded (latest age)~275 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Greisenization (latest age)~280 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Porphyry dikes intruded (earliest age)~280 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Formation of metallized pegmatites~285 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Greisenization (earliest age)~285 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Emplacement of major plutons~295 MaCornwall, England, UK
    
   
  Devonian
ⓘ GneissDevonian
(358.9 - 419.2 Ma)
ⓘ GabbroDevonian
(358.9 - 419.2 Ma)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A) In-text Citation No.
Flett, J.S. (1947) Lizard and the Meneage. (Memoir 359). British Geological Survey.
Bromley, A.V. (1975) Is the Lizard Complex, South Cornwall, a fragment of Hercynian oceanic crust? The Lizard: A Magazine of Field Studies, 5(3), 2–11.
Bromley, A.V. (1976) A new interpretation of the Lizard Complex, S. Cornwall, in the light of the ocean crust model. Proceedings of the Geological Society London, 132, 114.
Kirby, G.A. (1979) The Lizard Complex as an ophiolite. Nature, London, 282, 58–61.
Malpas, J., Langdon, G.S. (1987) The Kennack Gneiss of the Lizard Complex, Cornwall, England: partial melts produced during ophiolite emplacement. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 24, 1966–74.
Jones, K.A. (1997) Deformation and emplacement of the Lizard Ophiolite Complex, SW England, based on evidence from the Basal Unit. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 154, 871–85.
Cook, C.A., Holdsworth, R.E., Styles, M.T., Pearce, J.A. (2000) Pre-emplacement structural history recorded by mantle peridotites: an example from the Lizard Complex, SW England. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 157, 1049–1064.
Styles, M.T., Cook, C.A., Holdsworth, R.E. (2000) The geology of the Lizard Complex; 100 years of progress. Geoscience in South West England, 10(1), 092-098.
Nutman, A.P., Green, D.H., Cook, C.A., Styles, M.T., Holdsworth, R.E. (2001) SHRIMP U/Pb zircon dating of the exhumation of the Lizard Peridotite and its emplacement over crustal rocks, Cornwall, England: Constraints for tectonic models. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 158, 825–36.
Cook, C.A., Holdsworth, R.E., Styles, M.T. (2002) The emplacement of peridotites and associated oceanic rocks from the Lizard Complex, southwest England. Geological Magazine, 139(1), 27-45 [http://core.kmi.open.ac.uk/download/pdf/66758.pdf]
Clark, A.H., Sandeman, H.A.I., Nutman, A.P., Green, D.H, Cook, A.C. (2003) Discussion on SHRIMP U–Pb zircon dating of the exhumation of the Lizard Peridotite and its emplacement over crustal rocks: constraints for tectonic models. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 158, 2001, 809–820. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 160, 331–335.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lizard_complex
Wikidata ID:Q6660550

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

British IslesGroup of Islands
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
UK

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