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Abee meteorite, Abee, Alberta, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Abee meteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
Abee- not defined -
AlbertaProvince
CanadaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
53° 50' North , 113° 15' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Meteorite Class:
Meteoritical Society Class:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Gibbons2,790 (2008)5.6km
Bon Accord1,611 (2008)11.1km
Fort Saskatchewan14,957 (2010)13.1km
Morinville8,108 (2008)26.6km
Lamont1,779 (2008)30.3km


Enstatite chondrite (EH4; S2-S5)
Fall of 9 June 1953; 107 kg

In the long twilight of early June a fireball brighter than the full moon, accompanied by sonic booms, lit up the skys of Alberta for a few moments. Six days later a meteorite was excavated from a small crater (diameter, 1.7 m; Depth 1.5 m). Abee is not only an unusual meteorite (an Enstatite Chondrite), its 107 kg mass is nearly 4 times that of the next largest observed Enstatite Chondrite fall (Pillistfer). Enstatite chondrites are formally defined by their bulk elemental and oxygen isotope ratio, but their extremely reduced mineralogical assemblages often draws the most attention. Like most Enstatite chondrites, Abee’s most prominent mineral is Enstatite, an iron poor pyroxene — found in chondrules and in the surrounding matrix. Nickel-iron (mostly Kamacite) and Troilite are the most important accessory phases, but small amounts of Daubréelite, Oldhamite, Osbornite and other phases rarely — if ever — found on earth are also present. Indeed the minerals Keilite and Niningerite were first discovered in Abee. The presence of Niningerite is usually a sure indicator that the meteorite is an EH (high-iron) Enstatite Chondrite rather than a related EL (low iron) Enstatite Chondrite. Abee is usually classified as petrologic type EH4 as it has abundant chondrules which lack glass and many of its mineral assemblages are homogenized.

Some caveats. Tiny magnetite crystals found in Abee’s fusion crust are a result of heating and oxidation which occurred during Abee’s brief fiery passage thru the earth’s atmosphere. Long before Abee’s encounter with the earth, it had apparently experienced both strong impacts and metamorphic heating. For two decades Alan Rubin (Rubin, 2008; Rubin et al., 1997) has been working to disentangle such shock effects from endogenous heating. He and others frequently used the term impact-melt breccia to emphasize that sufficiently strong impacts create (local) heat sources whose effects often mimic more ‘normal’ metamorphism.

Addendum. Tiny Diamonds and various other phases are quite sparse. Such phases may be only infrequently observed in other, smaller Enstatite Chondrites.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


20 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Dawson, K. R.; Maxwell, J. A.; Parsons, D. E. () A description of the meteorite which fell near Abee, Alberta, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 21, Issue 1-2, p. 127-127.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976. (Nov 1968)
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Brian Harold Mason (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30.
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Reference: Dawson, K. R.; Maxwell, J. A.; Parsons, D. E. () A description of the meteorite which fell near Abee, Alberta, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 21, Issue 1-2, p. 127-127.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Dawson, K. R.; Maxwell, J. A.; Parsons, D. E. () A description of the meteorite which fell near Abee, Alberta, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 21, Issue 1-2, p. 127-127.
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Diamond
Formula: C
Habit: ∼100 nanometers in size, are of an unusual lath shape,
Description: ∼100 parts per million of Abee by mass
Reference: S. S. Russell, C. T. Pillinger, J. W. Arden, M. R. Lee, and U. Ott (1992) A New Type of Meteoritic Diamond in the Enstatite Chondrite Abee. Science 10 April 1992: 256 (5054), 206-209.
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Description: Keil (1968) notes that much of the orthoenstatite is disordered
Reference: Shimizu M, Yoshida H, Mandarino J A (2002) The new mineral species keilite, (Fe,Mg)S, the iron-dominant analogue of niningerite, The Canadian Mineralogist 40, 1687-1692 ; Alan E. Rubina, Klaus Keila (1983) Mineralogy and petrology of the Abee enstatite chondrite breccia and its dark inclusions. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 62:118–131; Alan E. Rubin, Wdward R.D. Scott (1997) Abee and related EH chondrite impact-melt breccias. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Volume 61, Issue 2, January 1997, Pages 425–435; Dawson, K. R.; Maxwell, J. A.; Parsons, D. E. () A description of the meteorite which fell near Abee, Alberta, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 21, Issue 1-2, p. 127-127.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Ivliev, A. I., Kashkarov, L. L., Kalinina, G. V., Kuyunko, N. S., Lavrentyeva, Z. A., Lyul, A. Y., & Skripnik, A. Y. (2004, March). RESEARCH OF SHOCK-THERMAL HISTORY OF THE ENSTATITE CHONDRITES BY TRACK, THERMOLUMINESCENCE AND NEUTRON-ACTIVATION (NAA) METHODS. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 35, p. 1073).
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Alan E. Rubin, Wdward R.D. Scott (1997) Abee and related EH chondrite impact-melt breccias. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Volume 61, Issue 2, January 1997, Pages 425–435
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Shimizu M, Yoshida H, Mandarino J A (2002) The new mineral species keilite, (Fe,Mg)S, the iron-dominant analogue of niningerite, The Canadian Mineralogist 40, 1687-1692 ; Alan E. Rubina, Klaus Keila (1983) Mineralogy and petrology of the Abee enstatite chondrite breccia and its dark inclusions. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 62:118–131; Alan E. Rubin, Wdward R.D. Scott (1997) Abee and related EH chondrite impact-melt breccias. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Volume 61, Issue 2, January 1997, Pages 425–435; Dawson, K. R.; Maxwell, J. A.; Parsons, D. E. () A description of the meteorite which fell near Abee, Alberta, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 21, Issue 1-2, p. 127-127.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Shimizu M, Yoshida H, Mandarino J A (2002) The new mineral species keilite, (Fe,Mg)S, the iron-dominant analogue of niningerite, The Canadian Mineralogist 40, 1687-1692 ; Alan E. Rubina, Klaus Keila (1983) Mineralogy and petrology of the Abee enstatite chondrite breccia and its dark inclusions. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 62:118–131; Alan E. Rubin, Wdward R.D. Scott (1997) Abee and related EH chondrite impact-melt breccias. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Volume 61, Issue 2, January 1997, Pages 425–435; Dawson, K. R.; Maxwell, J. A.; Parsons, D. E. () A description of the meteorite which fell near Abee, Alberta, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 21, Issue 1-2, p. 127-127.
Iron var: Martensite
Formula: Fe
Reference: Alan E. Rubina, Klaus Keila (1983) Mineralogy and petrology of the Abee enstatite chondrite breccia and its dark inclusions. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 62:118–131
Keilite (TL)
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)S
Type Locality:
Reference: Shimizu M, Yoshida H, Mandarino J A (2002) The new mineral species keilite, (Fe,Mg)S, the iron-dominant analogue of niningerite, The Canadian Mineralogist 40, 1687-1692 ; Bullock, E. S., McCoy, T. J., & Corrigan, C. M. (2012, March). Discovery of Keilite in Type 3 Enstatite Chondrites: Influence of Metamorphic Temperature on Formation. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 43).
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Description: In fusion crust
Reference: Dawson, K. R.; Maxwell, J. A.; Parsons, D. E. () A description of the meteorite which fell near Abee, Alberta, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 21, Issue 1-2, p. 127-127.
Niningerite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Type Locality:
Reference: RUBIN, A.E. & KEIL, K. (1980): Mineralogy and petrology of the Abee enstatite chondrite. Meteoritics 15, 358-359. SHIMIZU, M., YOSHIDA, H. & MANDARINO, J.A. (2002) The new mineral species keilite, (Fe,Mg)S, the iron-dominant analogue of niningerite. Canadian Mineralogist 40, 1687-1992.
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Alan E. Rubina, Klaus Keila (1983) Mineralogy and petrology of the Abee enstatite chondrite breccia and its dark inclusions. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 62:118–131; Alan E. Rubin, Wdward R.D. Scott (1997) Abee and related EH chondrite impact-melt breccias. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Volume 61, Issue 2, January 1997, Pages 425–435; Dawson, K. R.; Maxwell, J. A.; Parsons, D. E. () A description of the meteorite which fell near Abee, Alberta, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 21, Issue 1-2, p. 127-127.; ones, J. H. & Boynton, W. V. (1983) Experimental Geochemistry in Very Reducing Systems: Extreme REE Fractionation by Immiscible Sulfide Liquids (Abstract), Lunar and Planetary Science XIV: 353-354. (March 1983)
Osbornite
Formula: TiN
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Dawson, K. R.; Maxwell, J. A.; Parsons, D. E. () A description of the meteorite which fell near Abee, Alberta, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 21, Issue 1-2, p. 127-127.
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mason, B. H. (1972). The Mineralogy of Meteorites. Meteoritics 7 (3): 309-326.
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Alan E. Rubina, Klaus Keila (1983) Mineralogy and petrology of the Abee enstatite chondrite breccia and its dark inclusions. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 62:118–131
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Dawson, K. R.; Maxwell, J. A.; Parsons, D. E. () A description of the meteorite which fell near Abee, Alberta, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 21, Issue 1-2, p. 127-127.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Kimura, M., Weisberg, M. K., Lin, Y., Suzuki, A., Ohtani, E. & Okasaki,R. (2005) Thermal history of the enstatite chondrites from silica polymorphs: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40 (6): 855–868. (June2005)
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Shimizu M, Yoshida H, Mandarino J A (2002) The new mineral species keilite, (Fe,Mg)S, the iron-dominant analogue of niningerite, The Canadian Mineralogist 40, 1687-1692 ; Dawson, K. R.; Maxwell, J. A.; Parsons, D. E. () A description of the meteorite which fell near Abee, Alberta, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 21, Issue 1-2, p. 127-127.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Cohenite1.BA.05Fe3C
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
var: Martensite1.AE.05Fe
Osbornite1.BC.15TiN
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Keilite (TL)2.CD.10(Fe2+,Mg)S
Niningerite (TL)2.CD.10(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 9 - Silicates
Clinoenstatite9.DA.10MgSiO3
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Cohenite1.1.16.1Fe3C
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Osbornite1.1.19.1TiN
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Iron-Fe
var: Martensite-Fe
Keilite (TL)-(Fe2+,Mg)S
Niningerite (TL)-(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Oldhamite-(Ca,Mg)S

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CCarbon
C DiamondC
C GraphiteC
C CoheniteFe3C
NNitrogen
N OsborniteTiN
OOxygen
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O TridymiteSiO2
O CristobaliteSiO2
O QuartzSiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
NaSodium
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Niningerite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Mg Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
SiSilicon
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
PPhosphorus
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
SSulfur
S Keilite(Fe2+,Mg)S
S Niningerite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
S Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
S TroiliteFeS
S AlabanditeMnS
S DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
CaCalcium
Ca Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti OsborniteTiN
CrChromium
Cr DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
FeIron
Fe Keilite(Fe2+,Mg)S
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe Iron (var: Martensite)Fe
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe CoheniteFe3C
Fe DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Fe IronFe
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dawson, K. R., Maxwell, J. A & Parsons, D. E. (1960) A description of the meteorite which fell near Abee, Alberta, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 21(1-2): 127-144, I-X. (Dec 1960)
Wacker, J.F., & Marti, K. (1983) Noble gas components in clasts and separates of the Abee meteorite. Earth and Planetary Science Letter 62: 1747-158.
Keil, K. & Snetsinger, K. G. (1966): Niningerite: a new meteoritic sulfide. Science: 155: 451-453. (Jan 1967)
Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976.
Mason, B. H. (1972). The Mineralogy of Meteorites. Meteoritics 7 (3): 309-326.
Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Leitch, C. A. & Smith, J. V. (1982): Petrography, mineral chemistry and origin of Type I enstatite chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 46, 2083-2097. (Nov 1982)
Rubin, A.E. & Keil, K. (1980): Mineralogy and petrology of the Abee enstatite chondrite. Meteoritics 15, 358-359.
Rubin, A.E. & Keil, K. (1983): Mineralogy and petrology of the Abee enstatite chondrite breccia and its dark inclusions. Earth and Planetary Sciences Letters 62, 118-131. (Jan 1983).
Griffin, A. A., Millman, P. M., & Halliday, I.] (1992) The fall of the Abee meteorite and its probable orbit, Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada 86, 5-14. (Feb 1992).
Rubin, Alan E. & Scott, Edward R. D. (1997) Abee and related EH chondrite impact-melt breccias, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 61, #2, p. 425-435. (Jan 1997).
Grady, M. M. (2000). Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.
Shimizu, M., Yoshida, H. & Mandarino, J.A. (2002) The new mineral species keilite, (Fe,Mg)S, the iron-dominant analogue of niningerite. Canadian Mineralogist 40, 1687-1992.
Rubin, A. E. (2008) Explicating the behavior of Mn-bearing phases during shock melting and crystallization of the Abee EH-chondrite impact-melt breccia, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43, #9, 1481-1485. (Nov 2008).

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