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Rampgill Mine, Nenthead, Alston Moor, Eden, Cumbria, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
Rampgill MineMine
Nenthead- not defined -
Alston MoorCivil Parish
EdenDistrict
CumbriaCounty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 54° 47' 8'' North , 2° 20' 20'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 54.78583,-2.33902
GeoHash:G#: gcwrdv2y8
UK National Grid Reference:NY782435
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Alston1,105 (2018)6.9km
Allendale Town709 (2017)13.5km
Stanhope1,602 (2017)21.0km
Haydon Bridge1,557 (2017)21.8km
Haltwhistle3,791 (2017)21.9km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:North Pennines; North and Western Region; Cumberland


One of the most extensive and productive mines in Nenthead, the portal of the horse level being close to the Heritage Centre car park.
Several collapses along the level have recently been dug-out and stabilised by the mine exploration group NORPEX, to whom we should all be very grateful (and helpful?). Their activity has accessed an extensive area of workings in this lovely old mine.
Major veins worked in Cumbria include: Scaleburn Vein, Rampgill Vein, Rampgill Cross Vein, Smallcleugh Vein, and Middlecleugh Vein;
and in Northumberland: Barneycraig Vein, Whitewood Vein and Bounder End Cross Vein.

Once over the county boundary the workings are part of Coalcleugh Mine, the two are in different ownership and though they have been worked at the same time they have never operated as one mine.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
British IslesGroup of Islands
The Pennines, England, UKRange of Mountains and Hills
North Pennines Area, England, UKArea of Outstanding Natural Beauty
Northern Pennine Orefield, England, UKOre Field
Alston Moor District, Cumbria, England, UKMining District

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


13 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Description: Found as a secondary mineral encrusting witherite and fluorite on specimens from the deads on Bounder End Cross Vein.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Description: Found in the Bounder End Cross Vein workings and the adjoining Northumberland workings of Coalcleugh Mine. Epimorphs in Quartz after fluorite are common in many areas of the mine
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Jordi Fabre photo
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Description: Small white crystals with oxidised siderite on quartz and sphalerite.
Reference: S. Moreton, unpublished observation.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Description: Found as tiny euhedral crystals on Galena
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Description: Occurence restricted to a small lens on Scaleburn Vein and material in waste rock on Bounder End Cross Vein.
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Barytocalcite14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

CCarbon
C WitheriteBaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O WitheriteBaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S SulphurS8
CaCalcium
Ca BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
BaBarium
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
Ba BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Carboniferous
298.9 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 3160982
Late Carboniferous sandstone

Age: Pennsylvanian (298.9 - 323.2 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{sandstone}, Minor{siltstone,mudstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Bashkirian - Visean
315.2 - 346.7 Ma



ID: 2031508
Yoredale Group

Age: Carboniferous (315.2 - 346.7 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Yoredale Group

Lithology: Limestone with subordinate sandstone and argillaceous rocks

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3186080
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

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