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Rampgill Mine, Nenthead, Alston Moor, Eden, Cumbria, England, UK

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 54° 47' 8'' North , 2° 20' 20'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 54.78583,-2.33902
GeoHash:G#: gcwrdv2y8
UK National Grid Reference:NY782435
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:North Pennines; North and Western Region; Cumberland


One of the most extensive and productive mines in Nenthead, the portal of the horse level being close to the Heritage Centre car park.
Several collapses along the level have recently been dug-out and stabilised by the mine exploration group NORPEX, to whom we should all be very grateful (and helpful?). Their activity has accessed an extensive area of workings in this lovely old mine.
Major veins worked in Cumbria include: Scaleburn Vein, Rampgill Vein, Rampgill Cross Vein, Smallcleugh Vein, and Middlecleugh Vein;
and in Northumberland: Barneycraig Vein, Whitewood Vein and Bounder End Cross Vein.

Once over the county boundary the workings are part of Coalcleugh Mine, the two are in different ownership and though they have been worked at the same time they have never operated as one mine.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Rampgill Mine, Nenthead, Alston Moor District, North Pennines, North and Western Region (Cumberland), Cumbria, England, UK
Rampgill Mine (Boundary Cross Vein), Nenthead, Alston Moor District, North Pennines, North and Western Region (Cumberland), Cumbria, England, UK

Regions containing this locality

The Pennines, England, UK

Range of Mountains and Hills - 260 mineral species & varietal names listed

North Pennines Area, England, UK

Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty - 172 mineral species & varietal names listed

Northern Pennine Orefield, England, UK

Ore Field - 137 mineral species & varietal names listed

Alston Moor District, Cumbria, England, UK

Mining District - 89 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


13 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Description: Found as a secondary mineral encrusting witherite and fluorite on specimens from the deads on Bounder End Cross Vein.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Description: Found in the Bounder End Cross Vein workings and the adjoining Northumberland workings of Coalcleugh Mine. Epimorphs in Quartz after fluorite are common in many areas of the mine
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Jordi Fabre photo
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Description: Small white crystals with oxidised siderite on quartz and sphalerite.
Reference: S. Moreton, unpublished observation.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Description: Found as tiny euhedral crystals on Galena
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Description: Occurence restricted to a small lens on Scaleburn Vein and material in waste rock on Bounder End Cross Vein.
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Sulphur'1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Barytocalcite'5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Siderite'5.AB.05FeCO3
'Smithsonite'5.AB.05ZnCO3
'Witherite'5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Barytocalcite14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C WitheriteBaCO3
OOxygen
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O WitheriteBaCO3
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S SulphurS8
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
ZnZinc
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Carboniferous
298.9 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 3160982
Late Carboniferous sandstone

Age: Pennsylvanian (298.9 - 323.2 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{sandstone}, Minor{siltstone,mudstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Bashkirian - Visean
315.2 - 346.7 Ma



ID: 2031508
Yoredale Group

Age: Carboniferous (315.2 - 346.7 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Yoredale Group

Lithology: Limestone with subordinate sandstone and argillaceous rocks

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3186080
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

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