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Nakhla Martian meteorite, Nakhla, Abu Hommos, Alexandria, Egypti
Regional Level Types
Nakhla Martian meteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
Nakhla- not defined -
Abu Hommos- not defined -
AlexandriaGovernorate
EgyptCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 8' 59'' North , 30° 21' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Meteorite Class:
Meteoritical Society Class:
Origin locality:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Damanhūr227,943 (2014)17.1km
Idkū210,678 (2018)18.2km
Fuwwah63,310 (2015)19.8km
Kafr ad Dawwār267,370 (2015)21.0km
Ḩawsh ‘Īsá85,352 (2018)27.0km


Recorded fall in 1911. Has given its name to the Nakhlites (diopside-olivine class of Ca-rich achondrites).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


21 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Bridges, J.C. and Grady, M.M. (2000) Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 176, 267-279.; Hamilton and Christensen (1997) J. Geophys. Res., 102 E11:25593-25603; Cohen, B.E., Mark, D.F., Tomkinson, T., Lee, M.R., and Smith, C.L. (2015) Martian Igneous Activity and Fluid-Based Alteration: Chronological Constraints from 40Ar/39Ar Analyses of the Nakhlites. In: 46th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, The Woodlands, TX, USA, 16-20 Mar 2015.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Bridges,J.C. & Grady, M.M. (2000): Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 176, 267-279
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Allan H Treiman, The parent magma of the Nakhla (SNC) meteorite, inferred from magmatic inclusions, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 57, Issue 19, October 1993, Pages 4753-4767, ISSN 0016-7037, 10.1016/0016-7037(93)90198-6.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Allan H Treiman, The parent magma of the Nakhla (SNC) meteorite, inferred from magmatic inclusions, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 57, Issue 19, October 1993, Pages 4753-4767, ISSN 0016-7037, 10.1016/0016-7037(93)90198-6.; J.C. Bridges, M.M. Grady (2000) Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 176:267-279; Hamilton and Christensen (1997) J. Geophys. Res., 102 E11:25593-25603; Berkley, J. L., Keil, K., & Prinz, M. (1980) Comparative petrology and origin of Governador Valadares and other nakhlites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 11th, Houston, TX, March 17-21, 1980, Proceedings. Volume 2. (A82-22296 09-91) New York, Pergamon Press, 1980, p. 1089-1102.; Malavergne, V., Guyot, F., Benzerara, K., & Martinez, I. (2001). Description of new shock‐induced phases in the Shergotty, Zagami, Nakhla and Chassigny meteorites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(10), 1297-1305.; Rull, F., Martinez‐Frias, J., Sansano, A., Medina, J., & Edwards, H. G. M. (2004). Comparative micro‐Raman study of the Nakhla and Vaca Muerta meteorites. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 35(6), 497-503.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Chatzitheodoridis, E. & Turner, G. (1990) Secondary minerals in the Nakhla meteorite. Meteoritics, vol. 25, p. 354.; Rull, F., Martinez‐Frias, J., Sansano, A., Medina, J., & Edwards, H. G. M. (2004). Comparative micro‐Raman study of the Nakhla and Vaca Muerta meteorites. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 35(6), 497-503.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Berkley, J. L., Keil, K., & Prinz, M. (1980) Comparative petrology and origin of Governador Valadares and other nakhlites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 11th, Houston, TX, March 17-21, 1980, Proceedings. Volume 2. (A82-22296 09-91) New York, Pergamon Press, 1980, p. 1089-1102.
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Bridges,J.C. & Grady, M.M. (2000): Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 176, 267-279; Berkley, J. L., Keil, K., & Prinz, M. (1980) Comparative petrology and origin of Governador Valadares and other nakhlites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 11th, Houston, TX, March 17-21, 1980, Proceedings. Volume 2. (A82-22296 09-91) New York, Pergamon Press, 1980, p. 1089-1102.; Rull, F., Martinez‐Frias, J., Sansano, A., Medina, J., & Edwards, H. G. M. (2004). Comparative micro‐Raman study of the Nakhla and Vaca Muerta meteorites. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 35(6), 497-503.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Allan H Treiman, The parent magma of the Nakhla (SNC) meteorite, inferred from magmatic inclusions, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 57, Issue 19, October 1993, Pages 4753-4767, ISSN 0016-7037, 10.1016/0016-7037(93)90198-6.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: HUTCHISON, R., Gale, N. H., & Arden, J. W. (1975). Invalid 4.01-Gyr model U–Pb ‘age’of the Nakhla meteorite. Nature 254, 678 - 680
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Hamilton and Christensen (1997) J. Geophys. Res., 102 E11:25593-25603; Berkley, J. L., Keil, K., & Prinz, M. (1980) Comparative petrology and origin of Governador Valadares and other nakhlites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 11th, Houston, TX, March 17-21, 1980, Proceedings. Volume 2. (A82-22296 09-91) New York, Pergamon Press, 1980, p. 1089-1102.; Malavergne, V., Guyot, F., Benzerara, K., & Martinez, I. (2001). Description of new shock‐induced phases in the Shergotty, Zagami, Nakhla and Chassigny meteorites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(10), 1297-1305.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Treiman, A. H. & Gooding, J. L. (1991) Iddingsite in the Nakhla meteorite: TEM study of mineralogy and texture of pre-terrestrial (Martian?) alterations. Meteoritics, vol. 26, p. 402.; Allan H Treiman, The parent magma of the Nakhla (SNC) meteorite, inferred from magmatic inclusions, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 57, Issue 19, October 1993, Pages 4753-4767, ISSN 0016-7037, 10.1016/0016-7037(93)90198-6.; Bridges,J.C. & Grady, M.M. (2000): Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 176, 267-279; Malavergne, V., Guyot, F., Benzerara, K., & Martinez, I. (2001). Description of new shock‐induced phases in the Shergotty, Zagami, Nakhla and Chassigny meteorites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(10), 1297-1305.; Rull, F., Martinez‐Frias, J., Sansano, A., Medina, J., & Edwards, H. G. M. (2004). Comparative micro‐Raman study of the Nakhla and Vaca Muerta meteorites. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 35(6), 497-503.
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Reference: Treiman, A. H. & Gooding, J. L. (1991) Iddingsite in the Nakhla meteorite: TEM study of mineralogy and texture of pre-terrestrial (Martian?) alterations. Meteoritics, vol. 26, p. 402.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Bridges,J.C. & Grady, M.M. (2000): Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 176, 267-279
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Chatzitheodoridis, E. & Turner, G. (1990) Secondary minerals in the Nakhla meteorite. Meteoritics, vol. 25, p. 354.; J.C. Bridges, M.M. Grady (2000) Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 176:267-279
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Chatzitheodoridis, E. & Turner, G. (1990) Secondary minerals in the Nakhla meteorite. Meteoritics, vol. 25, p. 354.; Bridges,J.C. & Grady, M.M. (2000): Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 176, 267-279
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Treiman, A. H. & Gooding, J. L. (1991) Iddingsite in the Nakhla meteorite: TEM study of mineralogy and texture of pre-terrestrial (Martian?) alterations. Meteoritics, vol. 26, p. 402.
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Reference: Treiman, A. H. & Gooding, J. L. (1991) Iddingsite in the Nakhla meteorite: TEM study of mineralogy and texture of pre-terrestrial (Martian?) alterations. Meteoritics, vol. 26, p. 402.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Allan H Treiman, The parent magma of the Nakhla (SNC) meteorite, inferred from magmatic inclusions, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 57, Issue 19, October 1993, Pages 4753-4767, ISSN 0016-7037, 10.1016/0016-7037(93)90198-6.; J.C. Bridges, M.M. Grady (2000) Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 176:267-279; Rull, F., Martinez‐Frias, J., Sansano, A., Medina, J., & Edwards, H. G. M. (2004). Comparative micro‐Raman study of the Nakhla and Vaca Muerta meteorites. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 35(6), 497-503.
Jarosite ?
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Treiman, A. H. & Gooding, J. L. (1991) Iddingsite in the Nakhla meteorite: TEM study of mineralogy and texture of pre-terrestrial (Martian?) alterations. Meteoritics, vol. 26, p. 402.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Hamilton and Christensen (1997) J. Geophys. Res., 102 E11:25593-25603
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: J.C. Bridges, M.M. Grady (2000) Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 176:267-279; Hamilton and Christensen (1997) J. Geophys. Res., 102 E11:25593-25603
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Rull, F., Martinez‐Frias, J., Sansano, A., Medina, J., & Edwards, H. G. M. (2004). Comparative micro‐Raman study of the Nakhla and Vaca Muerta meteorites. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 35(6), 497-503.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: J.C. Bridges, M.M. Grady (2000) Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 176:267-279; Berkley, J. L., Keil, K., & Prinz, M. (1980) Comparative petrology and origin of Governador Valadares and other nakhlites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 11th, Houston, TX, March 17-21, 1980, Proceedings. Volume 2. (A82-22296 09-91) New York, Pergamon Press, 1980, p. 1089-1102.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Treiman, A. H. & Gooding, J. L. (1991) Iddingsite in the Nakhla meteorite: TEM study of mineralogy and texture of pre-terrestrial (Martian?) alterations. Meteoritics, vol. 26, p. 402.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Treiman, A. H. & Gooding, J. L. (1991) Iddingsite in the Nakhla meteorite: TEM study of mineralogy and texture of pre-terrestrial (Martian?) alterations. Meteoritics, vol. 26, p. 402.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Chatzitheodoridis, E. & Turner, G. (1990) Secondary minerals in the Nakhla meteorite. Meteoritics, vol. 25, p. 354.; J.C. Bridges, M.M. Grady (2000) Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 176:267-279; Rull, F., Martinez‐Frias, J., Sansano, A., Medina, J., & Edwards, H. G. M. (2004). Comparative micro‐Raman study of the Nakhla and Vaca Muerta meteorites. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 35(6), 497-503.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Treiman, A.H. and Gooding, J.L. (1991) Iddingsite in the Nakhla meteorite: TEM study of mineralogy and texture of pre-terrestrial (Martian?) alterations. Meteoritics, vol. 26, p. 402.; Cohen, B.E., Mark, D.F., Tomkinson, T., Lee, M.R., and Smith, C.L. (2015) Martian Igneous Activity and Fluid-Based Alteration: Chronological Constraints from 40Ar/39Ar Analyses of the Nakhlites. In: 46th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, The Woodlands, TX, USA, 16-20 Mar 2015.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Berkley, J. L., Keil, K., & Prinz, M. (1980) Comparative petrology and origin of Governador Valadares and other nakhlites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 11th, Houston, TX, March 17-21, 1980, Proceedings. Volume 2. (A82-22296 09-91) New York, Pergamon Press, 1980, p. 1089-1102.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite ?7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ferrihydrite4.3.2.2Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite ?30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O CalciteCaCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na HaliteNaCl
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
AlAluminium
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SiSilicon
Si IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S TroiliteFeS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Treiman, A.H. and Gooding, J.L. (1991) Iddingsite in the Nakhla meteorite: TEM study of mineralogy and texture of pre-terrestrial (Martian?) alterations. Meteoritics, 26, 402.
Bridges, J.C. and Grady, M.M. (2000) Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 176, 267-279.
Mikouchi, T., McKay, G., and Miyamoto, M. (2006) Mineralogy of nakhlite Martian meteorites: implications for their relative burial depths. 19th General Meeting of the International Mineralogical Association, 23-28 July 2006, Kobe, Japan.
Minitti, M.E. and McCoy, T.J. (2012) Assessing the longwave ultraviolet fluorescent characteristics of Martian meteorites. In: 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, PDF 2349 (thin section of the Nakhla meteorite used in the test).
Cohen, B.E., Mark, D.F., Tomkinson, T., Lee, M.R., and Smith, C.L. (2015) Martian Igneous Activity and Fluid-Based Alteration: Chronological Constraints from 40Ar/39Ar Analyses of the Nakhlites. In: 46th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, The Woodlands, TX, USA, 16-20 Mar 2015.

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