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Catoca Mine, Catoca kimberlite field, Lunda Sul Province, Angolai
Regional Level Types
Catoca MineMine
Catoca kimberlite field- not defined -
Lunda Sul ProvinceProvince
AngolaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 9° 24' 24'' South , 20° 17' 57'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -9.40671,20.29939
GeoHash:G#: kqq6mzt9f
Locality type:Mine
Age:118 Ma
Geologic Time:Early Cretaceous
Dating method:U–Pb age of zircon from kimberlite
Reference for age:Nikitina, L. P., Marin, Y. B., Skublov, S. G., Korolev, N. M., Saltykova, A. K., Zinchenko, V. N., & Chissupa, H. M. (2012). U-Pb age and geochemistry of zircon from mantle xenoliths of the Katoka and Kat-115 kimberlitic pipes (Republic of Angola). In Dok
Köppen climate type:Aw : Tropical savanna, wet
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Saurimo40,498 (2012)30.0km


Diamond mine in kimberlite. Began production in early 1997 and produced more than 2.6 Mct in 2001. Reserves are estimated at 60 million carats. World's fourth biggest diamond producer and known for its high-quality gems.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


21 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Nikitina, L. P., Marin, Y. B., Skublov, S. G., Korolev, N. M., Saltykova, A. K., Zinchenko, V. N., & Chissupa, H. M. (2012). U-Pb age and geochemistry of zircon from mantle xenoliths of the Katoka and Kat-115 kimberlitic pipes (Republic of Angola). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 445, No. 1, pp. 840-844). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Cruz, S. R., Watangua, M., Melgarejo, J. C., & Gali, S. (2008). New insights into the concept of ilmenite as an indicator for diamond exploration, based on kimberlit petrographic analysis. Revista de la sociedad española de mineralogia, 9, 205-206.
'Apatite'
Reference: http://www.venuewest.com/8IKC/s1post.htm
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Cruz, S. R., Watangua, M., Melgarejo, J. C., & Gali, S. (2008). New insights into the concept of ilmenite as an indicator for diamond exploration, based on kimberlit petrographic analysis. Revista de la sociedad española de mineralogia, 9, 205-206.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Cruz, S. R., Watangua, M., Melgarejo, J. C., & Gali, S. (2008). New insights into the concept of ilmenite as an indicator for diamond exploration, based on kimberlit petrographic analysis. Revista de la sociedad española de mineralogia, 9, 205-206.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Cruz, S. R., Watangua, M., Melgarejo, J. C., & Gali, S. (2008). New insights into the concept of ilmenite as an indicator for diamond exploration, based on kimberlit petrographic analysis. Revista de la sociedad española de mineralogia, 9, 205-206.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Cruz, S. R., Watangua, M., Melgarejo, J. C., & Gali, S. (2008). New insights into the concept of ilmenite as an indicator for diamond exploration, based on kimberlit petrographic analysis. Revista de la sociedad española de mineralogia, 9, 205-206.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Cruz, S. R., Watangua, M., Melgarejo, J. C., & Gali, S. (2008). New insights into the concept of ilmenite as an indicator for diamond exploration, based on kimberlit petrographic analysis. Revista de la sociedad española de mineralogia, 9, 205-206.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Nikitina, L. P., Marin, Y. B., Skublov, S. G., Korolev, N. M., Saltykova, A. K., Zinchenko, V. N., & Chissupa, H. M. (2012). U-Pb age and geochemistry of zircon from mantle xenoliths of the Katoka and Kat-115 kimberlitic pipes (Republic of Angola). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 445, No. 1, pp. 840-844). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Cruz, S. R., Watangua, M., Melgarejo, J. C., & Gali, S. (2008). New insights into the concept of ilmenite as an indicator for diamond exploration, based on kimberlit petrographic analysis. Revista de la sociedad española de mineralogia, 9, 205-206.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: http://www.venuewest.com/8IKC/s1post.htm; Cruz, S. R., Watangua, M., Melgarejo, J. C., & Gali, S. (2008). New insights into the concept of ilmenite as an indicator for diamond exploration, based on kimberlit petrographic analysis. Revista de la sociedad española de mineralogia, 9, 205-206.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Reference: http://www.venuewest.com/8IKC/s1post.htm; Cruz, S. R., Watangua, M., Melgarejo, J. C., & Gali, S. (2008). New insights into the concept of ilmenite as an indicator for diamond exploration, based on kimberlit petrographic analysis. Revista de la sociedad española de mineralogia, 9, 205-206.; Nikitina, L. P., Marin, Y. B., Skublov, S. G., Korolev, N. M., Saltykova, A. K., Zinchenko, V. N., & Chissupa, H. M. (2012). U-Pb age and geochemistry of zircon from mantle xenoliths of the Katoka and Kat-115 kimberlitic pipes (Republic of Angola). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 445, No. 1, pp. 840-844). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Nikitina, L. P., Marin, Y. B., Skublov, S. G., Korolev, N. M., Saltykova, A. K., Zinchenko, V. N., & Chissupa, H. M. (2012). U-Pb age and geochemistry of zircon from mantle xenoliths of the Katoka and Kat-115 kimberlitic pipes (Republic of Angola). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 445, No. 1, pp. 840-844). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: http://www.venuewest.com/8IKC/s1post.htm
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Nikitina, L. P., Marin, Y. B., Skublov, S. G., Korolev, N. M., Saltykova, A. K., Zinchenko, V. N., & Chissupa, H. M. (2012). U-Pb age and geochemistry of zircon from mantle xenoliths of the Katoka and Kat-115 kimberlitic pipes (Republic of Angola). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 445, No. 1, pp. 840-844). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: http://www.venuewest.com/8IKC/s1post.htm; Cruz, S. R., Watangua, M., Melgarejo, J. C., & Gali, S. (2008). New insights into the concept of ilmenite as an indicator for diamond exploration, based on kimberlit petrographic analysis. Revista de la sociedad española de mineralogia, 9, 205-206.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Zinchenko, V.N. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 806-814.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: http://www.venuewest.com/8IKC/s1post.htm; Cruz, S. R., Watangua, M., Melgarejo, J. C., & Gali, S. (2008). New insights into the concept of ilmenite as an indicator for diamond exploration, based on kimberlit petrographic analysis. Revista de la sociedad española de mineralogia, 9, 205-206.
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Nikitina, L. P., Marin, Y. B., Skublov, S. G., Korolev, N. M., Saltykova, A. K., Zinchenko, V. N., & Chissupa, H. M. (2012). U-Pb age and geochemistry of zircon from mantle xenoliths of the Katoka and Kat-115 kimberlitic pipes (Republic of Angola). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 445, No. 1, pp. 840-844). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: http://www.venuewest.com/8IKC/s1post.htm
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Cruz, S. R., Watangua, M., Melgarejo, J. C., & Gali, S. (2008). New insights into the concept of ilmenite as an indicator for diamond exploration, based on kimberlit petrographic analysis. Revista de la sociedad española de mineralogia, 9, 205-206.
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Nikitina, L. P., Marin, Y. B., Skublov, S. G., Korolev, N. M., Saltykova, A. K., Zinchenko, V. N., & Chissupa, H. M. (2012). U-Pb age and geochemistry of zircon from mantle xenoliths of the Katoka and Kat-115 kimberlitic pipes (Republic of Angola). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 445, No. 1, pp. 840-844). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Nikitina, L. P., Marin, Y. B., Skublov, S. G., Korolev, N. M., Saltykova, A. K., Zinchenko, V. N., & Chissupa, H. M. (2012). U-Pb age and geochemistry of zircon from mantle xenoliths of the Katoka and Kat-115 kimberlitic pipes (Republic of Angola). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 445, No. 1, pp. 840-844). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: http://www.venuewest.com/8IKC/s1post.htm; Cruz, S. R., Watangua, M., Melgarejo, J. C., & Gali, S. (2008). New insights into the concept of ilmenite as an indicator for diamond exploration, based on kimberlit petrographic analysis. Revista de la sociedad española de mineralogia, 9, 205-206.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: http://www.venuewest.com/8IKC/s1post.htm
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Cruz, S. R., Watangua, M., Melgarejo, J. C., & Gali, S. (2008). New insights into the concept of ilmenite as an indicator for diamond exploration, based on kimberlit petrographic analysis. Revista de la sociedad española de mineralogia, 9, 205-206.
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: Cruz, S. R., Watangua, M., Melgarejo, J. C., & Gali, S. (2008). New insights into the concept of ilmenite as an indicator for diamond exploration, based on kimberlit petrographic analysis. Revista de la sociedad española de mineralogia, 9, 205-206.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Cruz, S. R., Watangua, M., Melgarejo, J. C., & Gali, S. (2008). New insights into the concept of ilmenite as an indicator for diamond exploration, based on kimberlit petrographic analysis. Revista de la sociedad española de mineralogia, 9, 205-206.; Nikitina, L. P., Marin, Y. B., Skublov, S. G., Korolev, N. M., Saltykova, A. K., Zinchenko, V. N., & Chissupa, H. M. (2012). U-Pb age and geochemistry of zircon from mantle xenoliths of the Katoka and Kat-115 kimberlitic pipes (Republic of Angola). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 445, No. 1, pp. 840-844). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Omphacite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Barytocalcite14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Omphacite65.1.3b.1(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C DiamondC
C GraphiteC
C CalciteCaCO3
C WitheriteBaCO3
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O WitheriteBaCO3
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O RutileTiO2
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
MgMagnesium
Mg Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
AlAluminium
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti RutileTiO2
CrChromium
Cr Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SrStrontium
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
Ba BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary - Tertiary
0 - 66 Ma



ID: 3185837
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Mesoarchean
2800 - 3200 Ma



ID: 3306499

Age: Mesoarchean (2800 - 3200 Ma)

Lithology: Plutonic and metamorphic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lithos Volume 112, Supplement 2, November (2009), Pages 966-975
Proceedings of the 9th International Kimberlite Conference, 9th International Kimberlite Conference
Nikitina, L. P., Marin, Y. B., Skublov, S. G., Korolev, N. M., Saltykova, A. K., Zinchenko, V. N., & Chissupa, H. M. (2012). U-Pb age and geochemistry of zircon from mantle xenoliths of the Katoka and Kat-115 kimberlitic pipes (Republic of Angola). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 445, No. 1, pp. 840-844). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.


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