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La Botte (Botte), Vetralla, Vico volcanic complex (Vico Lake), Viterbo Province, Latium, Italyi
Regional Level Types
La Botte (Botte)- not defined -
Vetralla- not defined -
Vico volcanic complex (Vico Lake)Complex
Viterbo ProvinceProvince
Latium- not defined -
ItalyCountry

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Key
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Name(s) in local language(s):La Botte (Botte), Vetralla, Complesso vulcanico di Vico (Lago di Vico), Provincia di Viterbo, Lazio, Italia
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 18' 11'' North , 12° 5' 19'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.30330,12.08865
GeoHash:G#: sr88ej4dt
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate


Sanidine ejecta from a pyroclastic explosive level.

Abundant peprossiite-(Ce) has been reported from a sanidine ejectum, found near the road named Strada di Valle Cesate, on the southern fringe of Botte village (Calvario et al., 1993). Peprossiite-(Ce), as aggregates of yellow hexagonal plates, is associated with hematite, black tourmaline, amber-coloured mica, fluorite, monazite-(Ce), thorite, and zircon. These peprossiite-(Ce) crystals contain uranium and a higher amount of thorium, compared to the ones of the holotype from Monte Cavalluccio (Sacrofano). Later studies on these crystals brought about the redefinition of the species (Callegari et al., 2000). Furthermore, the tiny yellow crystals of monazite-(Ce), or better a solid solution between monazite and huttonite, from this ejectum represent the first find of the mineral in its mother rock for Latium (Della Ventura et al., 1996).

An interesting find of piergorite-(Ce) has been reported from a sanidine ejectum found along the road named Strada di Valle Cesate (Pucci, 2007). Piergorite-(Ce) crystals from this ejectum are different in appearance from those of the holotype, found at Tre Croci. Their color ranges from amber to whitish; only a few crystals exhibit the typical tabular form of the hellandite-group minerals, while most of them show an elongated, almost prismatic shape and often form L-shaped contact twins on (301-) or multiple twins aligned along a rectangle's perimeter.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Della Ventura, G., Mottana, A., Parodi, G.C., Raudsepp, M., Bellatreccia, F., Caprilli, E., Rossi, P., Fiori, S. (1996) Monazite-huttonite solid-solutions from the Vico Volcanic Complex, Latium, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 60, 402, 751-758.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Calvario, F., Carloni, L., Fiori, S., Pucci, R. (1993) Nuovi ritrovamenti mineralogici nel Lazio. Il Cercapietre, 20, 31-34; Pucci, R., Lucci, F., Corsaletti, M., Fiori, S., Signoretti, E. (2015) Le tormaline del "Vicano" - 2a parte. Il Cercapietre, 22-56; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista15/CP2015.pdf
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Calvario, F., Carloni, L., Fiori, S., Pucci, R. (1993) Nuovi ritrovamenti mineralogici nel Lazio. Il Cercapietre, 20, 31-34; Pucci, R., Lucci, F., Corsaletti, M., Fiori, S., Signoretti, E. (2015) Le tormaline del "Vicano" - 2a parte. Il Cercapietre, 22-56; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista15/CP2015.pdf
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Pucci, R. (2007): Due nuove specie mineralogiche laziali: alloriite e piergorite-(Ce). Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2007, 24-40.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
'Mica Group'
Reference: Calvario, F., Carloni, L., Fiori, S., Pucci, R. (1993) Nuovi ritrovamenti mineralogici nel Lazio. Il Cercapietre, 20, 31-34; Pucci, R. (2007): Due nuove specie mineralogiche laziali: alloriite e piergorite-(Ce). Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2007, 24-40; Pucci, R., Lucci, F., Corsaletti, M., Fiori, S., Signoretti, E. (2015) Le tormaline del "Vicano" - 2a parte. Il Cercapietre, 22-56; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista15/CP2015.pdf
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Calvario, F., Carloni, L., Fiori, S., Pucci, R. (1993) Nuovi ritrovamenti mineralogici nel Lazio. Il Cercapietre, 20, 31-34; Bellatreccia, F. (1994) Minerali di Terre Rare nel Lazio. Il Cercapietre, 21, 11-19; Della Ventura, G., Mottana, A., Parodi, G.C., Raudsepp, M., Bellatreccia, F., Caprilli, E., Rossi, P., Fiori, S. (1996) Monazite-huttonite solid-solutions from the Vico Volcanic Complex, Latium, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 60, 402, 751-758; Pucci, R., Lucci, F., Corsaletti, M., Fiori, S., Signoretti, E. (2015) Le tormaline del "Vicano" - 2a parte. Il Cercapietre, 22-56; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista15/CP2015.pdf
Peprossiite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10
Reference: Calvario, F., Carloni, L., Fiori, S., Pucci, R. (1993) Nuovi ritrovamenti mineralogici nel Lazio. Il Cercapietre, 20, 31-34; Bellatreccia, F. (1994) Minerali di Terre Rare nel Lazio. Il Cercapietre, 21, 11-19; Callegari, A., Caucia, F., Mazzi, F., Oberti, R., Ottolini, L., Ungaretti, L. (2000) The crystal structure of peprossiite-(Ce), an anhydrous REE and Al mica-like borate with square-pyramidal coordination for Al. American Mineralogist, 85, 586-593; Pucci, R., Lucci, F., Corsaletti, M., Fiori, S., Signoretti, E. (2015) Le tormaline del "Vicano" - 2a parte. Il Cercapietre, 22-56; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista15/CP2015.pdf
Piergorite-(Ce)
Formula: Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(⃞,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
Reference: Pucci, R. (2007): Due nuove specie mineralogiche laziali: alloriite e piergorite-(Ce). Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2007, 24-40.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Pucci, R. (2007): Due nuove specie mineralogiche laziali: alloriite e piergorite-(Ce). Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2007, 24-40.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Calvario, F., Carloni, L., Fiori, S., Pucci, R. (1993) Nuovi ritrovamenti mineralogici nel Lazio. Il Cercapietre, 20, 31-34; Della Ventura, G., Mottana, A., Parodi, G.C., Raudsepp, M., Bellatreccia, F., Caprilli, E., Rossi, P., Fiori, S. (1996) Monazite-huttonite solid-solutions from the Vico Volcanic Complex, Latium, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 60, 402, 751-758; Pucci, R. (2007): Due nuove specie mineralogiche laziali: alloriite e piergorite-(Ce). Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2007, 24-40; Pucci, R., Lucci, F., Corsaletti, M., Fiori, S., Signoretti, E. (2015) Le tormaline del "Vicano" - 2a parte. Il Cercapietre, 22-56; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista15/CP2015.pdf
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
'Sodalite Group'
Reference: Pucci, R. (2007): Due nuove specie mineralogiche laziali: alloriite e piergorite-(Ce). Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2007, 24-40.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Calvario, F., Carloni, L., Fiori, S., Pucci, R. (1993) Nuovi ritrovamenti mineralogici nel Lazio. Il Cercapietre, 20, 31-34; Pucci, R., Lucci, F., Corsaletti, M., Fiori, S., Signoretti, E. (2015) Le tormaline del "Vicano" - 2a parte. Il Cercapietre, 22-56; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista15/CP2015.pdf
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Pucci, R. (2007): Due nuove specie mineralogiche laziali: alloriite e piergorite-(Ce). Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2007, 24-40.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Calvario, F., Carloni, L., Fiori, S., Pucci, R. (1993) Nuovi ritrovamenti mineralogici nel Lazio. Il Cercapietre, 20, 31-34; Pucci, R., Lucci, F., Corsaletti, M., Fiori, S., Signoretti, E. (2015) Le tormaline del "Vicano" - 2a parte. Il Cercapietre, 22-56; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista15/CP2015.pdf
Vonsenite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Calvario, F., Carloni, L., Fiori, S., Pucci, R. (1993) Nuovi ritrovamenti mineralogici nel Lazio. Il Cercapietre, 20, 31-34; Pucci, R. (2007): Due nuove specie mineralogiche laziali: alloriite e piergorite-(Ce). Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2007, 24-40; Pucci, R., Lucci, F., Corsaletti, M., Fiori, S., Signoretti, E. (2015) Le tormaline del "Vicano" - 2a parte. Il Cercapietre, 22-56; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista15/CP2015.pdf
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Zirconolite'4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 6 - Borates
'Peprossiite-(Ce)'6.CA.45(Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10
'Vonsenite'6.AB.30Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Fluorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
'Monazite-(Ce)'8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Augite'9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Britholite-(Ce)'9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
'Piergorite-(Ce)'9.DL.10Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(⃞,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
'Sanidine'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Sodalite'9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
'Thorite'9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
'Titanite'9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
'Zircon'9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mica Group'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Sodalite Group'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2BO2[XO3]
Vonsenite24.2.1.2Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
AmBn[XO3]p
Peprossiite-(Ce)24.3.4.1(Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mica Group'-
Piergorite-(Ce)-Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(⃞,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Sodalite Group'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(⃞,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
LiLithium
Li Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(⃞,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
BBoron
B Peprossiite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10
B Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(⃞,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
OOxygen
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Peprossiite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10
O Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(⃞,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
AlAluminium
Al Peprossiite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10
Al Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(⃞,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
SiSilicon
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Si Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(⃞,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
ClChlorine
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
KPotassium
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(⃞,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
FeIron
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
NbNiobium
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
LaLanthanum
La Peprossiite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10
CeCerium
Ce Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Peprossiite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10
Ce Piergorite-(Ce)Ca8(Ce,Th,La,Nd)2(Al0.5,Fe3+0.5)(⃞,Li,Be)2Si6B8O36(OH,F)2
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cenozoic
0 - 66 Ma



ID: 3185029
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3159111
Quaternary trachyte

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{trachyte}, Minor{latite,phonolitic tephrite, tephritic phonolite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Calvario, F., Carloni, L., Fiori, S., and Pucci, R. (1993) Nuovi ritrovamenti mineralogici nel Lazio. Il Cercapietre, 20, 31-34.
Bellatreccia, F. (1994) Minerali di Terre Rare nel Lazio. Il Cercapietre, 21, 11-19.
Della Ventura, G., Mottana, A., Parodi, G.C., Raudsepp, M., Bellatreccia, F., Caprilli, E., Rossi, P., and Fiori, S. (1996) Monazite-huttonite solid-solutions from the Vico Volcanic Complex, Latium, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 751-758.
Pucci, R. (2007) Due nuove specie mineralogiche laziali: alloriite e piergorite-(Ce). Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2007, 24-40.
Callegari, A., Caucia, F., Mazzi, F., Oberti, R., Ottolini, L., and Ungaretti, L. (2000) The crystal structure of peprossiite-(Ce), an anhydrous REE and Al mica-like borate with square-pyramidal coordination for Al. American Mineralogist, 85, 586-593.
Pucci, R., Lucci, F., Corsaletti, M., Fiori, S., and Signoretti, E. (2015) Le tormaline del "Vicano" - 2a parte. Il Cercapietre, 22-56 [http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista15/CP2015.pdf]


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