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Akrotiri, Santorini Island, Thira, South Aegean, Greecei
Regional Level Types
AkrotiriSlag Locality
Santorini IslandIsland
ThiraRegional Unit
South AegeanAdministrative Region
GreeceCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
36° 21' 3'' North , 25° 24' 6'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Emporeío1,946 (2016)4.0km
Mesariá1,233 (2016)6.7km
Firá2,376 (2017)8.2km
Monólithos181 (2017)9.8km
Manolás160 (2015)10.6km


Bronze age city destroyed by eruption of Thera. Pigments found in dwellings.

Regions containing this locality

Aegean Sea PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


19 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Caracolite
Formula: Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
'Clinoptilolite'
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Drugmanite
Formula: Pb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Lindqvistite
Formula: Pb2Mn2+Fe16O27
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Magnetoplumbite
Formula: (Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Lindqvistite4.CC.45Pb2Mn2+Fe16O27
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Magnetoplumbite4.CC.45(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Caracolite7.BD.20Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Drugmanite8.BH.15Pb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Anorthite
var: Labradorite
9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Hornblende'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
AB12X19
Magnetoplumbite7.4.2.1(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
Miscellaneous
Lindqvistite7.11.15.1Pb2Mn2+Fe16O27
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Caracolite30.3.2.1Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Drugmanite41.10.11.1Pb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Anorthite
var: Labradorite
-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Hornblende'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O Magnetoplumbite(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O PlattneritePbO2
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
O DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O CerussitePbCO3
O LithargePbO
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O CalciteCaCO3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O MiniumPb3O4
O QuartzSiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O LindqvistitePb2Mn2+Fe16O27
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NaSodium
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Na HaliteNaCl
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
SSulfur
S CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
ClChlorine
Cl CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
MnManganese
Mn Magnetoplumbite(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
Mn LindqvistitePb2Mn2+Fe16O27
FeIron
Fe Magnetoplumbite(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
Fe DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe LindqvistitePb2Mn2+Fe16O27
PbLead
Pb Magnetoplumbite(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb PlattneritePbO2
Pb CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Pb DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb LithargePbO
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb LindqvistitePb2Mn2+Fe16O27

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.


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