About Mkango Resources Ltd
Mkango Resources Ltd. (TSX-V / AIM: MKA) is a Canadian dual TSX-V and AIM listed mineral exploration and development company focused on rare earth elements (REE) and associated minerals in the Republic of Malawi, a country whose hospitable people have earned it a reputation as "the warm heart of Africa"
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Mkango has begun implementing a successful early-stage social responsibility program, which is focused on empowerment, education, reducing poverty and hunger.
|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||15° 42' 5'' South , 35° 49' 17'' East|
|Latitude & Longitude (decimal):||-15.70155,35.82150|
|Owned/operated by:||Mkango Resources (100%)|
|Köppen climate type:||Cwa : Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate|
Carbonatite deposit that lies on the north-facing slopes of Songwe Hill (990 m).
Located approximately 70 km from the former capital, Zomba.
Songwe Hill is interpreted as a volcanic vent that is expressed as a steep-sided hill approximately 800m in diameter. Information from surface mapping and drill core indicates that the vent complex consists of a multi-phase intrusion characterised by diverse carbonatites and breccias. The carbonatite is best exposed along the north-eastern slope of Songwe Hill. The vent complex cuts the western end of the large Mauze nepheline syenite intrusion, but the external contacts on the western and northwestern sides of the vent are hidden beneath recent surficial eluvial deposits.
The principal lithologies that comprise the Songwe Hill vent complex are carbonatite, fenite and breccia. The carbonatites are dominantly grey calcic carbonatites, although subordinate ferro-carbonatites are present. The fenites comprise dominantly K-feldspar rocks and appear to form an aureole around the carbonatite. They are interpreted to have formed through metasomatism related to the carbonatite intrusion. The breccias range from clearly abraded pebble-sized fragments (pebble dykes) to angular blocks that are metres in diameter and include significant volumes of breccia in which the fragments appear to have undergone little or no movement.
The principal zone of REE mineralisation outcrops along the northeastern slope of Songwe Hill. REE mineralisation is present in carbonatites, fenites and breccias, which are exposed intermittently over a surface area of approximately 350m by 100m. The REE mineralisation is untested to the northeast and southwest beyond the limits of the present drilling and below the deepest vertical intersection of approximately 350m below the surface of Songwe Hill and there is additional regional exploration potential in the Songwe and other carbonatites. The mineralised body is interpreted to be a carbonatite plug with essentially sub-vertical margins. In plan view, it is elongated in a northeast-southwest direction.
The dominant REE-bearing minerals are synchysite and apatite. The apatite is anomalously enriched in the HREO's compared to apatites in most carbonatite deposits. The REE mineralisation is closely associated with strontianite and baryte and is interpreted to have formed through sub-solidus hydrothermal alteration following the carbonatite intrusion.
Regions containing this locality
|Somali Plate (Somalia Plate)||Tectonic Plate|
Select Mineral List TypeStandard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements
Commodity ListThis is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.
13 valid minerals.
Rock Types Recorded
Select Rock List TypeAlphabetical List Tree Diagram
Entries shown in red are rocks recorded for this region.
Detailed Mineral List:
|ⓘ 'Feldspar Group'|
|ⓘ 'K Feldspar'|
List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification
|Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts|
|Group 3 - Halides|
|Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides|
|Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates|
|Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates|
|Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates|
|Group 9 - Silicates|
|Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.|
List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification
|Group 2 - SULFIDES|
|AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2|
|Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES|
|Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES|
|Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN|
|Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES|
|Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN|
|Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only|
|Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in > coordination|
|Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks|
|Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with  coordinated Si|
|Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework|
|Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species|
|Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.|
List of minerals for each chemical element
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org
0 - 2.588 Ma
|Stenian - Ectasian|
1000 - 1400 Ma
|Mesoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks|
Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1400 Ma)
Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. 
Sort byYear (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
|Title (click to view)||Year||Author|
|Technical Report||2012||MSA Group|