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Campi di Annibale (Campus Hannibalis; Hannibal Fields), Rocca di Papa, Metropolitan City of Rome Capital, Lazio, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Campi di Annibale (Campus Hannibalis; Hannibal Fields)- not defined -
Rocca di PapaCommune
Metropolitan City of Rome CapitalMetropolitan City
LazioAdministrative Region
ItalyCountry

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Key
Other Languages:
Italian:
Campi di Annibale (Campo di Annibale), Rocca di Papa, Città metropolitana di Roma Capitale (Provincia di Roma), Lazio, Italia
Latin:
Campus Hannibalis, Rocha de Papa, Urbs metropolitana Romae Capitis (Provincia Romana; Provincia Romae), Latium, Italia


Campi di Annibale, located just to the SE of Rocca di Papa, is a depression on the top of the Faete volcano edifice, usually interpreted as a small collapse caldera (De Rita et al., 1988), the edges of which are surrounded by two main scoria cones, Monte Cavo and Colle Iano, and a smaller one, Monte Vescovo. At least three ash- and accretionary lapilli-rich deposits separated by paleosoils, collectively named Campi di Annibale succession, are present in the depression. Furthermore, phreatomagmatic products discontinuously drape the inner walls of the summit crater and mostly pond within the caldera floor. The phreatomagmatic deposits are covered by the Monte Cavo, Colle Iano, and Monte Vescovo scoria cones.


Campi di Annibale (Hannibal Fields), Rocca di Papa, is sometimes incorrectly indicated as type or co-type locality for latiumite. In the original article of Tilley & Henry (1953), the locality of the studied specimens in which latiumite was discovered is simply reported as Albano and only later the precise locality has been given as I Cappuccini, Albano Laziale (Mottana et al., 2008). Therefore, I Capuccini is the type locality for latiumite; Campi di Annibale (Hannibal Fields), Rocca di Papa, is not mentioned in the Tilley & Henry paper (Ciriotti et al., 2009).


Note on toponymy: Campi di Annibale [Italian, plural] is the currently used toponym in English and Italian geological and geographical literature. The form Hannibal Fields is very rarely used. Campus Hannibalis [Latin, singular] was used in English by William Gell (1834) and Gell & Bunbury (1836), after the name and description of the locality given by Athanasius Kircher (1671). The singular form Campo di Annibale was used by vom Rath and Strüver.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


8 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Viola, C. (1899) Mineralogische und petrographische Mittheilungen aus dem Hernikerlande in dem Provinz Rom (Italien). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie, und Palaeontologie, Band I, 93-137.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1917) Les formes grenues du magma leucitique du volcan laziale. Comptes Rendu hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, 165, 1029-1035.
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1917) Les formes grenues du magma leucitique du volcan laziale. Comptes Rendu hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, 165, 1029-1035.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: vom Rath, G. (1866) Mineralogisch-geognostische Fragmente aus Italien. Erster Theil. II. Das Albaner Gebirge. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft, Bd. 18, 3, 510-561; Lacroix, A. (1917) Les formes grenues du magma leucitique du volcan laziale. Comptes Rendu hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, 165, 1029-1035; Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1917) Les formes grenues du magma leucitique du volcan laziale. Comptes Rendu hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, 165, 1029-1035; Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1917) Les formes grenues du magma leucitique du volcan laziale. Comptes Rendu hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, 165, 1029-1035.
Latiumite
Formula: (Ca,K)4(Si,Al)5O11(SO4,CO3)
Description: This locality is not mentioned in the Tilley & Henry paper. In the original article of Tilley & Henry, the locality of the studied specimens is simply reported as Albano and only later the precise locality has been given as I Cappuccini, Albano Laziale (Mottana et al., 2008).
Reference: Tilley, C.E., and Henry, N.F.M. (1953) Latiumite (sulphatic potassium-calcium-aluminum silicate), a new mineral from Albano, Latium, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 30, 39-45.
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Viola, C. (1899) Mineralogische und petrographische Mittheilungen aus dem Hernikerlande in dem Provinz Rom (Italien). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie, und Palaeontologie, Band I, 93-137; Lacroix, A. (1917) Les formes grenues du magma leucitique du volcan laziale. Comptes Rendu hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, 165, 1029-1035.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: vom Rath, G. (1866) Mineralogisch-geognostische Fragmente aus Italien. Erster Theil. II. Das Albaner Gebirge. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft, Bd. 18, 3, 510-561; Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: vom Rath, G. (1866) Mineralogisch-geognostische Fragmente aus Italien. Erster Theil. II. Das Albaner Gebirge. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft, Bd. 18, 3, 510-561; Lacroix, A. (1917) Les formes grenues du magma leucitique du volcan laziale. Comptes Rendu hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, 165, 1029-1035.
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Description: As loose crystals in incoherent soil.
Reference: Strüver, G. (1876-77) Studio sui minerali del Lazio. Parte seconda. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, serie 3, Memorie, Classe di scienze fisiche, matematiche e naturali, 1, 93-111.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - Silicates
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Latiumite ?9.EG.45(Ca,K)4(Si,Al)5O11(SO4,CO3)
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double layers
Latiumite ?73.1.2.1(Ca,K)4(Si,Al)5O11(SO4,CO3)
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Andradite
var: Melanite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
CCarbon
C Latiumite(Ca,K)4(Si,Al)5O11(SO4,CO3)
OOxygen
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O Latiumite(Ca,K)4(Si,Al)5O11(SO4,CO3)
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
AlAluminium
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Al Latiumite(Ca,K)4(Si,Al)5O11(SO4,CO3)
SiSilicon
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Si Latiumite(Ca,K)4(Si,Al)5O11(SO4,CO3)
SSulfur
S Latiumite(Ca,K)4(Si,Al)5O11(SO4,CO3)
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K Latiumite(Ca,K)4(Si,Al)5O11(SO4,CO3)
CaCalcium
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Ca Latiumite(Ca,K)4(Si,Al)5O11(SO4,CO3)
FeIron
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kircher, A. (1671) Latium. Id est, Nova & Parallela Latii tum Veteris tum Novi Descriptio. Apud Joannem Janssonium à Waesberge & Haeredes Elizei Weyerstraet, Amsteldami [Amsterdam], page 37.
Gell, W. (1834) The Topography of Rome and its Vicinity. In Two Volumes. Saunders & Otley, London, Volume II, page 291.
Gell, W., and Bunbury, E.H. (1836) The Topography of Rome and its Vicinity. A new edition revised and enlarged. Henry G. Bohn - Harrison and Co., London, page 429.
vom Rath, G. (1866) Mineralogisch-geognostische Fragmente aus Italien. Erster Theil. II. Das Albaner Gebirge. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft, Bd. 18, 3, 510-561.
Strüver, G. (1876-77) Studio sui minerali del Lazio. Parte seconda. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, serie 3, Memorie, Classe di scienze fisiche, matematiche e naturali, 1, 93-111.
Viola, C. (1899) Mineralogische und petrographische Mittheilungen aus dem Hernikerlande in dem Provinz Rom (Italien). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie, und Palaeontologie, Band I, 93-137.
Lacroix, A. (1917) Les formes grenues du magma leucitique du volcan laziale. Comptes Rendu hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, 165, 1029-1035.
Tilley, C.E., and Henry, N.F.M. (1953) Latiumite (sulphatic potassium-calcium-aluminum silicate), a new mineral from Albano, Latium, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 30, 39-45; https://rruff.info/doclib/MinMag/Volume_30/30-220-39.pdf
Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
De Rita, D., Funiciello, R., and Rosa, C. (1988) Caratteristiche deposizionali della II colata piroclastica del Tuscolano-Artemisio (complesso vulcanico dei Colli Albani, Roma). Bollettino del Gruppo Nazionale di Vulcanologia, 4, 278–297.
Liotti, L. (1994) I minerali del complesso vulcanico dei Colli Albani. Prima parte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 17, 1 (1-1994), 9-31.
Giordano, G., De Benedetti, A.A., Diana, A., Diano, G., Gaudioso, F., Marasco, F., Miceli, M., Mollo, S., Cas, R.A.F., and Funicello, R. (2006) The Colli Albani mafic caldera (Roma, Italy): Stratigraphy, structure and petrology. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research,155, 49–80.
Mottana, A., Bellatreccia, F., and Della Ventura, G. (2008) Mineralogia di Roma e della sua campagna. The minerals of Rome and of the surrounding areas. In: Funiciello, R., Praturlon, A., and Giordano, G. (eds.), La geologia di Roma dal centro storico alla periferia. Memorie Descrittive della Carta Geologica d'Italia, 80, 247-271.
Ciriotti, M.E., Fascio, L., and Pasero, M. (2009) Italian type minerals. Edizioni Plus – Università di Pisa, Pisa, 357 pp.


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