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Fiano tuff quarries, Nocera Inferiore, Salerno, Campania, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Fiano tuff quarriesGroup of Quarries
Nocera Inferiore- not defined -
SalernoProvince
CampaniaRegion
ItalyCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
40° 47' 17'' North , 14° 38' 57'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Group of Quarries
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Masseria de Crescenzi124 (2014)1.7km
Starza dei Leoni252 (2014)2.3km
Lanzara5,673 (2014)2.7km
Sarno28,837 (2014)3.2km
Casali-San Potito2,761 (2014)3.5km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Cave di tufo di Fiano (Tufare di Fiano), Nocera Inferiore, Provincia di Salerno, Complesso vulcanico flegreo, Campania, Italia


Old tuff quarries (locally known as Tufare) located to the north of the town of Nocera Inferiore, southwest of the village of Fiano (Nocera Inferiore municipality), and to the south of Lavorate (Sarno municipality).

Quarry operations evidenced metamorphosed xenoliths containg F-, B-, and Mg-rich minerals. The parental rocks of these xenoliths are Mesozoic sedimentary carbonates of the Campanian Apennines, whose fragments were randomly embedded in the pyroclastic flow during its emplacement at the Fiano site (ca. 50 km far from the eruption source). The Campanian Ignimbrite pyroclastic flow emplaced at Fiano had a temperature range of 300-500°C and underwent hydrothermal processes during its cooling.

The F-rich xenoliths within the Campanian Ignimbrite at Fiano were first described by Scacchi (1881, 1885, and 1890), vom Rath (1887), and Zambonini (1913 and 1919). The authors detected various newly formed phases, some of which subsequently discredited: it is the case of "nocerite" (Scacchi, 1881) recognised to be equal to fluoborite (Brisi & Eitel, 1957), "grothine" (Zambonini, 1913) recognised to be equal to norbergite (White, 1981), and "fluosiderite" (Scacchi, 1885) recognised to be equal to chondrodite (Balassone et al., 1995 and 2002).
The Fiano mineral assemblage is mainly represented by halides, F-, Mg- and Ca-bearing silicates, carbonates, and oxides, with subordinate borates, arsenates, and vanadates. The xenoliths exhibit different dimensions, ranging from few millimetres to several centimeters (Carati, 1987). An exceptional occurrence of a block of 2.3x1.4x0.7 m in size was described by Scacchi (1885 and 1890). According to Carati (1987), the xenoliths were initially grouped into "micaceous clasts", "fluoriferous geodes", and "weakly metamorphosed carbonate rocks". The micaceous xenoliths (1-35 cm in size) have friable mica-bearing crusts, brown to honey -yellow in colour. These rocks were considered as derived from limestone protoliths, metamorphosed to a varying extent, and often characterised by one or more crusts and a core constituted by calcite, as a relict of the primary limestone. Fluorite is widespread and pervasive, fluoborite and chondrodite are also common in the various coatings. The "fluoriferous geodes" represent the final product of the metamorphic process affecting the limestone (Masi & Turi, 1972), and are mostly composed of microcrystalline fluorite and rare calcite. The "weakly metamorphosed carbonate rocks” have variable dimensions, and can locally show fluorite-rich veinlets and voids and/or rare silicates as thin external coatings.


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


26 valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Scacchi, A. (1885): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Atti della R. Accademia delle Scienze fisiche e matematiche di Napoli, serie 2, 2 (1888), 108 pp.; Scacchi, A. (1890): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Memorie del R. Comitato Geologico Italiano, 4, 1-52; Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12.
'Biotite'
Reference: Scacchi, A. (1881): Notizie preliminari intorno ai proietti vulcanici di Nocera e Sarno. Atti della R. Accademia dei Lincei, serie 3, Transunti, 5 (1880-81), 270-273; Scacchi, A. (1885): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Atti della R. Accademia delle Scienze fisiche e matematiche di Napoli, serie 2, 2 (1888), 108 pp.; Scacchi, A. (1890): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Memorie del R. Comitato Geologico Italiano, 4, 1-52; Zambonini, F. (1913): Grothina, un nuovo minerale. Atti della R. Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, 22, 1, 801-803; Zambonini, F. (1919): Il tufo piperinoide della Campania e i suoi minerali. Memorie per servire alla descrizione della Carta geologica d'Italia, 7, 2, 130 pp.; Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Scacchi, A. (1881): Notizie preliminari intorno ai proietti vulcanici di Nocera e Sarno. Atti della R. Accademia dei Lincei, serie 3, Transunti, 5 (1880-81), 270-273; Scacchi, A. (1885): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Atti della R. Accademia delle Scienze fisiche e matematiche di Napoli, serie 2, 2 (1888), 108 pp.; Scacchi, A. (1890): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Memorie del R. Comitato Geologico Italiano, 4, 1-52; Zambonini, F. (1919): Il tufo piperinoide della Campania e i suoi minerali. Memorie per servire alla descrizione della Carta geologica d'Italia, 7, 2, 130 pp.; Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12; Lacalamita, M., Balassone, G., Schingaro, E., Mesto, E., Mormone, A., Piochi, M., Ventruti, G., Joachimski, M., (2016): Fluorophlogopite-bearing and carbonate 1 metamorphosed xenoliths from the Campanian Ignimbrite (Fiano, southern Italy): crystal chemical, geochemical and volcanological insights. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/minsoc/mag/pre-prints/content-minmag-1290;jsessionid=2etf74elfv6x4.x-ic-live-02
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Description: Originally described as fluosiderite by Scacchi and Zambonini.
Reference: Scacchi, A. (1885): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Atti della R. Accademia delle Scienze fisiche e matematiche di Napoli, serie 2, 2 (1888), 108 pp.; Scacchi, A. (1890): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Memorie del R. Comitato Geologico Italiano, 4, 1-52; Zambonini, F. (1913): Grothina, un nuovo minerale. Atti della R. Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, 22, 1, 801-803; Zambonini, F. (1919): Il tufo piperinoide della Campania e i suoi minerali. Memorie per servire alla descrizione della Carta geologica d'Italia, 7, 2, 130 pp.; Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A. (1995): Chondrodite from metamorphic carbonatic ejecta of Campanian Ignimbrite. Plinius, 14, 44-45; Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A., Petti, C., Puliti, R. (2002): Re-examination of fluosiderite, an unknown mineral from southern Italy: equal to fluorine-rich chondrodite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 14, 151-155; Lacalamita, M., Balassone, G., Schingaro, E., Mesto, E., Mormone, A., Piochi, M., Ventruti, G., Joachimski, M., (2016): Fluorophlogopite-bearing and carbonate 1 metamorphosed xenoliths from the Campanian Ignimbrite (Fiano, southern Italy): crystal chemical, geochemical and volcanological insights. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/minsoc/mag/pre-prints/content-minmag-1290;jsessionid=2etf74elfv6x4.x-ic-live-02
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A., Petti, C., Puliti, R. (2002): Re-examination of fluosiderite, an unknown mineral from southern Italy: equal to fluorine-rich chondrodite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 14, 151-155; Lacalamita, M., Balassone, G., Schingaro, E., Mesto, E., Mormone, A., Piochi, M., Ventruti, G., Joachimski, M., (2016): Fluorophlogopite-bearing and carbonate 1 metamorphosed xenoliths from the Campanian Ignimbrite (Fiano, southern Italy): crystal chemical, geochemical and volcanological insights. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/minsoc/mag/pre-prints/content-minmag-1290;jsessionid=2etf74elfv6x4.x-ic-live-02
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Aleksandrov S.M. [Александров С.М.] (1974): Geochemical peculiarities of the occurrences of endogenic borate mineralisation in Italy [Геохимические особенности проявления эндогенной боратной минерализации в Италии]. Geokhimiya, 10, 1440-1449 (in Russian).
Fluoborite
Formula: Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Description: Described as "nocerite" by Scacchi and Zambonini.
Reference: Scacchi, A. (1881): Notizie preliminari intorno ai proietti vulcanici di Nocera e Sarno. Atti della R. Accademia dei Lincei, serie 3, Transunti, 5 (1880-81), 270-273; Scacchi, A. (1885): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Atti della R. Accademia delle Scienze fisiche e matematiche di Napoli, serie 2, 2 (1888), 108 pp.; Scacchi, A. (1890): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Memorie del R. Comitato Geologico Italiano, 4, 1-52; Zambonini, F. (1919): Il tufo piperinoide della Campania e i suoi minerali. Memorie per servire alla descrizione della Carta geologica d'Italia, 7, 2, 130 pp.; Brisi, C., Eitel, W. (1957): Identity of nocerite and fluoborite. American Mineralogist, 42, 288-293; Flamini, A. (1966): Sulla composizione chimica della nocerite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 35, 205-222; Aleksandrov, S.M. [Александров, С.М.] (1974): Geochemical peculiarities of the occurrences of endogenic borate mineralisation in Italy [Геохимические особенности проявления эндогенной боратной минерализации в Италии]. Geokhimiya, 10, 1440-1449 (in Russian); Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12; Cámara, F., Ottolini, L. (2000): New data on the crystal-chemistry of fluoborite by means of SREF, SIMS, and EMP analysis. American Mineralogist, 85, 103-108; Lacalamita, M., Balassone, G., Schingaro, E., Mesto, E., Mormone, A., Piochi, M., Ventruti, G., Joachimski, M., (2016): Fluorophlogopite-bearing and carbonate 1 metamorphosed xenoliths from the Campanian Ignimbrite (Fiano, southern Italy): crystal chemical, geochemical and volcanological insights. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/minsoc/mag/pre-prints/content-minmag-1290;jsessionid=2etf74elfv6x4.x-ic-live-02
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Scacchi, A. (1881): Notizie preliminari intorno ai proietti vulcanici di Nocera e Sarno. Atti della R. Accademia dei Lincei, serie 3, Transunti, 5 (1880-81), 270-273; Scacchi, A. (1885): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Atti della R. Accademia delle Scienze fisiche e matematiche di Napoli, serie 2, 2 (1888), 108 pp.; Scacchi, A. (1890): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Memorie del R. Comitato Geologico Italiano, 4, 1-52; Zambonini, F. (1913): Grothina, un nuovo minerale. Atti della R. Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, 22, 1, 801-803; Zambonini, F. (1919): Il tufo piperinoide della Campania e i suoi minerali. Memorie per servire alla descrizione della Carta geologica d'Italia, 7, 2, 130 pp.; Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12; Lacalamita, M., Balassone, G., Schingaro, E., Mesto, E., Mormone, A., Piochi, M., Ventruti, G., Joachimski, M., (2016): Fluorophlogopite-bearing and carbonate 1 metamorphosed xenoliths from the Campanian Ignimbrite (Fiano, southern Italy): crystal chemical, geochemical and volcanological insights. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/minsoc/mag/pre-prints/content-minmag-1290;jsessionid=2etf74elfv6x4.x-ic-live-02
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Description: described as "F-rich phlogopite" by Balassone et al. (2002).
Reference: Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A., Petti, C., Puliti, R. (2002): Re-examination of fluosiderite, an unknown mineral from southern Italy: equal to fluorine-rich chondrodite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 14, 151-155; Lacalamita, M., Balassone, G., Schingaro, E., Mesto, E., Mormone, A., Piochi, M., Ventruti, G., Joachimski, M., (2016): Fluorophlogopite-bearing and carbonate 1 metamorphosed xenoliths from the Campanian Ignimbrite (Fiano, southern Italy): crystal chemical, geochemical and volcanological insights. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/minsoc/mag/pre-prints/content-minmag-1290;jsessionid=2etf74elfv6x4.x-ic-live-02
Fluoro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Lacalamita, M., Balassone, G., Schingaro, E., Mesto, E., Mormone, A., Piochi, M., Ventruti, G., Joachimski, M., (2016): Fluorophlogopite-bearing and carbonate 1 metamorphosed xenoliths from the Campanian Ignimbrite (Fiano, southern Italy): crystal chemical, geochemical and volcanological insights. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/minsoc/mag/pre-prints/content-minmag-1290;jsessionid=2etf74elfv6x4.x-ic-live-02
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: reported as garnet by Scacchi.
Reference: Scacchi, A. (1885): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Atti della R. Accademia delle Scienze fisiche e matematiche di Napoli, serie 2, 2 (1888), 108 pp.; Scacchi, A. (1890): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Memorie del R. Comitato Geologico Italiano, 4, 1-52; Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12; Lacalamita, M., Balassone, G., Schingaro, E., Mesto, E., Mormone, A., Piochi, M., Ventruti, G., Joachimski, M., (2016): Fluorophlogopite-bearing and carbonate 1 metamorphosed xenoliths from the Campanian Ignimbrite (Fiano, southern Italy): crystal chemical, geochemical and volcanological insights. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/minsoc/mag/pre-prints/content-minmag-1290;jsessionid=2etf74elfv6x4.x-ic-live-02
Harstigite
Formula: Ca6(Mn,Mg)Be4Si6(O,OH)24
Description: Fluorine-rich chondrodite
Reference: Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12; Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A. (1995): Chondrodite from metamorphic carbonatic ejecta of Campanian Ignimbrite. Plinius, 14, 44-45; Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A., Petti, C., Puliti, R. (2002): Re-examination of fluosiderite, an unknown mineral from southern Italy: equal to fluorine-rich chondrodite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 14, 151-155.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12; Lacalamita, M., Balassone, G., Schingaro, E., Mesto, E., Mormone, A., Piochi, M., Ventruti, G., Joachimski, M., (2016): Fluorophlogopite-bearing and carbonate 1 metamorphosed xenoliths from the Campanian Ignimbrite (Fiano, southern Italy): crystal chemical, geochemical and volcanological insights. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/minsoc/mag/pre-prints/content-minmag-1290;jsessionid=2etf74elfv6x4.x-ic-live-02
'Hornblende'
Reference: Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12.
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12.
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Reference: Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A., Petti, C., Puliti, R. (2002): Re-examination of fluosiderite, an unknown mineral from southern Italy: equal to fluorine-rich chondrodite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 14, 151-155; Lacalamita, M., Balassone, G., Schingaro, E., Mesto, E., Mormone, A., Piochi, M., Ventruti, G., Joachimski, M., (2016): Fluorophlogopite-bearing and carbonate 1 metamorphosed xenoliths from the Campanian Ignimbrite (Fiano, southern Italy): crystal chemical, geochemical and volcanological insights. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/minsoc/mag/pre-prints/content-minmag-1290;jsessionid=2etf74elfv6x4.x-ic-live-02
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Description: Occurs in inclusions of dolomitic marble in pipernoid tuff.
Reference: Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Description: The mineral is vonsenite
Reference: http://www.musei.unina.it/Mineralogia/2.2.2.10.htm
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Reference: Lacalamita, M., Balassone, G., Schingaro, E., Mesto, E., Mormone, A., Piochi, M., Ventruti, G., Joachimski, M., (2016): Fluorophlogopite-bearing and carbonate 1 metamorphosed xenoliths from the Campanian Ignimbrite (Fiano, southern Italy): crystal chemical, geochemical and volcanological insights. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/minsoc/mag/pre-prints/content-minmag-1290;jsessionid=2etf74elfv6x4.x-ic-live-02
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12; Lacalamita, M., Balassone, G., Schingaro, E., Mesto, E., Mormone, A., Piochi, M., Ventruti, G., Joachimski, M., (2016): Fluorophlogopite-bearing and carbonate 1 metamorphosed xenoliths from the Campanian Ignimbrite (Fiano, southern Italy): crystal chemical, geochemical and volcanological insights. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/minsoc/mag/pre-prints/content-minmag-1290;jsessionid=2etf74elfv6x4.x-ic-live-02
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12.
Microsommite
Formula: Na4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Reference: Scacchi, A. (1881): Notizie preliminari intorno ai proietti vulcanici di Nocera e Sarno. Atti della R. Accademia dei Lincei, serie 3, Transunti, 5 (1880-81), 270-273; Scacchi, A. (1885): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Atti della R. Accademia delle Scienze fisiche e matematiche di Napoli, serie 2, 2 (1888), 108 pp.; Scacchi, A. (1890): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Memorie del R. Comitato Geologico Italiano, 4, 1-52; Zambonini, F. (1913): Grothina, un nuovo minerale. Atti della R. Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, 22, 1, 801-803; Zambonini, F. (1919): Il tufo piperinoide della Campania e i suoi minerali. Memorie per servire alla descrizione della Carta geologica d'Italia, 7, 2, 130 pp.; Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12.
Norbergite
Formula: Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Description: Originally described as "grothine" by Zambonini (1913 and 1919).
Reference: Zambonini, F. (1913): Grothina, un nuovo minerale. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, Classe di scienze fisiche, matematiche e naturali, 22, 1, 801-803; Zambonini, F. (1919): Il tufo piperinoide della Campania e i suoi minerali. Memorie per servire alla descrizione della Carta geologica d'Italia, 7, 2, 130 pp.; White, J.S. (1981): Grothine discredited, equals norbergite. Mineralogical Record, 12, 6, 377-378; Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12.
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Reference: Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12.
Sellaite
Formula: MgF2
Reference: Flamini, A. (1966): Sulla composizione chimica della nocerite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 35, 205-222; Aleksandrov, S.M. [Александров, С.М.] (1974): Geochemical peculiarities of the occurrences of endogenic borate mineralisation in Italy [Геохимические особенности проявления эндогенной боратной минерализации в Италии]. Geokhimiya, 10, 1440-1449 (in Russian); Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12; Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A., Petti, C., Puliti, R. (2002): Re-examination of fluosiderite, an unknown mineral from southern Italy: equal to fluorine-rich chondrodite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 14, 151-155.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12.
Vonsenite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Reference: Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12; Russo, M. & Punzo, I. (2010 communication)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Sellaite3.AB.15MgF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnesioferrite4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 6 - Borates
Fluoborite6.AB.50Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Vonsenite6.AB.30Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Hörnesite8.CE.40Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Fluoro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Fluorophlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Harstigite ?9.BF.05Ca6(Mn,Mg)Be4Si6(O,OH)24
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Ilvaite ?9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Microsommite9.FB.05Na4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Norbergite9.AF.40Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Hornblende'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnesioferrite7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Sellaite9.2.2.1MgF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2BO2[XO3]
Vonsenite24.2.1.2Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Fluoborite25.1.2.1Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Hörnesite40.3.6.7Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Norbergite52.3.2a.1Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite ?56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si3O10] groups
Harstigite ?57.1.1.2Ca6(Mn,Mg)Be4Si6(O,OH)24
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Microsommite76.2.5.10Na4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-
Fluoro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Fluorophlogopite-KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
'Hornblende'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
H HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
H Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H HarstigiteCa6(Mn,Mg)Be4Si6(O,OH)24
BeBeryllium
Be HarstigiteCa6(Mn,Mg)Be4Si6(O,OH)24
BBoron
B FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
B VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
O HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
O NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O PericlaseMgO
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
O MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
O Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O HarstigiteCa6(Mn,Mg)Be4Si6(O,OH)24
FFluorine
F FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
F SellaiteMgF2
F FluoriteCaF2
F NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
F FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Na MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Na Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Mg HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mg SellaiteMgF2
Mg NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PericlaseMgO
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Mg Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Mg HarstigiteCa6(Mn,Mg)Be4Si6(O,OH)24
AlAluminium
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Al MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Al FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Si MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si HarstigiteCa6(Mn,Mg)Be4Si6(O,OH)24
SSulfur
S MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
ClChlorine
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Cl MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
KPotassium
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
K FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca HarstigiteCa6(Mn,Mg)Be4Si6(O,OH)24
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn HarstigiteCa6(Mn,Mg)Be4Si6(O,OH)24
FeIron
Fe VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
AsArsenic
As HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
PbLead
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3186408
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Early Cretaceous
100.5 - 145 Ma



ID: 3130972
Early Cretaceous limestone

Age: Early Cretaceous (100.5 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Limestone

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Scacchi, A. (1881): Notizie preliminari intorno ai proietti vulcanici di Nocera e Sarno. Atti della R. Accademia dei Lincei, serie 3, Transunti, 5 (1880-81), 270-273.
Scacchi, A. (1885): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Atti della R. Accademia delle Scienze fisiche e matematiche di Napoli, serie 2, 2 (1888), 108 pp.
vom Rath, G. (1887): Mineralien von Monte Poni, … , Vesuv, Nocera. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens, 1887, 130-148.
Scacchi, A. (1890): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Memorie del R. Comitato Geologico Italiano, 4, 1-52.
Zambonini, F. (1913): Grothina, un nuovo minerale. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, Classe di scienze fisiche, matematiche e naturali, 22, 1, 801-803.
Zambonini, F. (1919): Il tufo piperinoide della Campania e i suoi minerali. Memorie per servire alla descrizione della Carta geologica d'Italia, 7, 2, 130 pp.
Brisi, C., Eitel, W. (1957): Identity of nocerite and fluoborite. American Mineralogist, 42, 288-293.
Flamini, A. (1966): Sulla composizione chimica della nocerite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 35, 205-222.
Di Girolamo, P. (1968): Petrografia dei tufi campani: il processo di pipernizzazione. Rendiconto dell'Accademia delle Scienze fisiche e matematiche di Napoli, serie 4, 35, 70 pp.
Masi, U., Turi, B. (1972): Frazionamento isotopico del carbonio e dell'ossigeno negli inclusi calcarei metamorfosati del "Tufo grigio campano" Auct. di Fiano (Salerno). Periodico di Mineralogia, 41, 291-310.
Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
Aleksandrov, S.M. [Александров, С.М.] (1974): Geochemical peculiarities of the occurrences of endogenic borate mineralisation in Italy [Геохимические особенности проявления эндогенной боратной минерализации в Италии]. Geokhimiya, 10, 1440-1449 (in Russian).
White, J.S. (1981): Grothine discredited, equals norbergite. Mineralogical Record, 12, 6, 377-378.
Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12.
Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A. (1995): Chondrodite from metamorphic carbonatic ejecta of Campanian Ignimbrite. Plinius, 14, 44-45.
Cámara, F., Ottolini, L. (2000): New data on the crystal-chemistry of fluoborite by means of SREF, SIMS, and EMP analysis. American Mineralogist, 85, 103-108.
Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A., Petti, C., Puliti, R. (2002): Re-examination of fluosiderite, an unknown mineral from southern Italy: equal to fluorine-rich chondrodite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 14, 151-155.
Lacalamita, M., Balassone, G., Schingaro, E., Mesto, E., Mormone, A., Piochi, M., Ventruti, G., Joachimski, M., (2016): Fluorophlogopite-bearing and carbonate 1 metamorphosed xenoliths from the Campanian Ignimbrite (Fiano, southern Italy): crystal chemical, geochemical and volcanological insights. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication; http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/minsoc/mag/pre-prints/content-minmag-1290;jsessionid=2etf74elfv6x4.x-ic-live-02


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