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Nowa Ruda Massif, Gmina Nowa Ruda, Kłodzko Co., Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Polandi
Regional Level Types
Nowa Ruda MassifMassif
Gmina Nowa RudaGmina
Kłodzko Co.County
Lower Silesian VoivodeshipVoivodeship
PolandCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° North , 16° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~7km
Area:
15 km2
Locality type:
Age:
2500 to 382.7 ± 1.6 Ma
Geologic Time:
Dating method:
Sm / Nd - 351 ± 16 Ma
Reference for age:
Pin C., Majerowicz A., Wojciechowska l. (1988) - Upper Paleozoic oceanic crust in the Polish Sudetes: Nd-Sm isotope and trace element evidence. Lithos, 21 :195-209
Köppen climate type:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Der Neuroder Gabbrozug; Masyw gabrowo-diabazowy Nowej Rudy
Name(s) in local language(s):
Masyw Nowej Rudy, Nowa Ruda, Kłodzko, Dolnośląskie, Polska


GEOLOGY

The gabbro-diabase massif of Nowa Ruda is a small geological unit in the Central Sudetes, built of several types of igneous rocks, mainly varieties of gabbro and diabases. It runs NNW to SSE, covering an elongated area of approx.15 km2 between Nowa Ruda and the surrounding area of ​​Bożkow, for a distance of about 9 km. Two small isolated occurrences of gabbro south of Sokolec and serpentinite in the Przygórze surrounding area, belongs geologically to the same unit. Modern-day it is believed that all massifs of mafic/ultramafic rocks in the vicinity of Góry Sowie (eng. Owl Mountains, germ. Eulengebirge), the oldest part of the Sudetes and one of the oldest in Europe, form together one unit called the Sudetes Ophiolite. It includes massifs: Mt.Ślęża, Gogołów-Jordanów, Nowa Ruda, Braszowice-Brzeźnica and Szklary. Parts of Sudetes Ophiolite consists of peridotite, pyroxenite, troctolite are elements of the upper mantle series. All overlying gabbro varieties, diabases, basaltoid veins and basaltic pillow lava representing remains of the seafloor.
The Nowa Ruda Massif shows a significant variation of mafic rocks, of which two main zones have been identified: the northern, built of gabbro and the southern, built of the diabase. From the south, the diabase is surrounded by a series of weakly metamorphosed rocks, mainly sandstone and phyllite, often with quartz lenses, probably of the Devonian age (Kłodzko Metamorphic Complex). From the north and east, the Massif is surrounded by the Lower Permian sediments (Rotliegendes), in the south-eastern part with small vulcanite intrusions. The western part of the massif surface is occupied by the Upper Carboniferous sediments, building the Nowa Ruda syncline, that belongs to the north-eastern, Polish part of the Permo-Carboniferous Intra-Sudetic Basin. During the Carboniferous, on the western slope of the Massif intensive weathering processes took place, combined with local sedimentation, leading to a creation of markedly diversified morphology on the surface. A series of smaller, sedimentary basins of erosive origin were formed, with local material from gabbro or diabase in conglomerates. In the south in the area of Bożków, gabbro, diabase and amphibolite rocks are also mentioned as
conglomerate components. The volume of these sediments differs. On the elevations separating the basins they are often missing, whereas in the central parts of the depressions the thickness can reach more than 20m. Above are red (and less often gray) shales named argilites. The range of argilites in the Słupec basin is much smaller than in the Nowa Ruda basin, maximum thickness of argilites does not seem to exceed several metres. Directly on them, the Nowa Ruda coal basin of industrial importance occurs in the Silesian series (Namurian A, Westphalian A and B layers), formed in several smaller sedimentation basins created on both sides of Massif (Miłków, Nowa Ruda, Nowy Dzikowiec, Słupiec).

The Nowa Ruda massif has repeatedly been elevated and sunk. The oldest elevation was the lower Devonian period. From that time until the beginning of the Westphalian, the whole structure constituted the land, opposed to the area located to the east of it, where marine sedimentation of the Upper Devonian and Kulm (Central European Dinantium) took place. In the old quarry of the upper Devonian limestone in Dzikowiec, conglomerates with ingredients of gabbro were found, which contradicts the age marked by the method Sm / Nd - 351 ± 16 Ma ( and 353 ± 21 Ma for Mt. Ślęża).

PETROGRAPHY

In the northern part of Nowa Ruda Massif, there are coarse-grained rocks, representing the deepest levels of magma solidification turning in the centre to finer grained. The oldest part created by peridotite, pyroxenite and troctolite occurs only in the Wolibórz-Przygórze area. The characteristic feature of the rocks of this region is the local stratification, manifested by the occurrence of parts clearly enriched with dark minerals and their opposite, nearly monomineral plagioclase zones, which together with the structures typical for plutonic rocks proves crystallisation in situ with the absence of any disturbance. Subsequently, the olivine-gabbro was created in the area of Nowa Ruda, turning into a non-olivine gabbro of Slupiec/Dzikowiec, in which there also appears a lamprobolite in augite, demonstrating the change of crystallization to the conditions more close to the surface. The last stage was the creation of a diabase in the southern part, the product of the fast solidification of magma in relatively shallow zones. The contact between gabbro and diabase is a several dozen-metres strip of mylonite, perfectly visible in the working quarry Słupiec. There is no proof of the similar age of gabbro-series and the diabase.

Overiew of rocks:

Olivine-gabbro - also called 'black gabbro', contains labradorite with 65-69% on anorthite (without iridescent optical effect), diallage, olivine, bronzite.

Gabbro - also called 'non-olivine-gabbro' or 'green gabbro'; contains labradorite with 50-60% on anorthite, diallage, ferrosilite (ferrohypersthene) and basaltic hornblende (lamprobolite).

Troctolite (in Poland also as 'pstrągowiec') - mostly on the Kmiotek Hill in Wolibórz, contains labradorite-bytownite series creating fine-grained masses in which olivine crystals are stuck, and an accessory diallage and hypersthene.

Anorthosite - sometimes called 'Plagioclasite' occurring locally, nearly monomineralic rock contains mostly plagioclase with 67-75% of anorthite, with the addition of diallage and an accessory apatite.

Peridotite - variously named depending on the author (also diallage-peridotite, olivine-pyroxenite, wehrlite), create melanocratic masses in the troctolites, composed of strongly transformed olivines, diallage and an accessory hypersthene.

Lamprophyre - hornblende, diallage, K-feldspar, (also mentioned kersantite and spessartite)

Diabase - fine grained to aphanitic equivalent to diallage gabbro

'Gabbro Pegmatites' - post-magmatic and metasomatic-hydrothermal origin contains labradorite-bytownite series, augite, hornblende, olivine, biotite, ilmenite

Gabbro aplites - labradorite, albite, K-feldspar, hornblende, zircon, titanite, apatite

Mylonite - in the tectonic zone exposed in Słupiec quarry excavation, with relics of primary minerals (labadorite, diallage) in conjunction with the cataclasis and total obliteration of the original composition and abundance of secondary minerals, locally with pyrite.

In all types of gabbro-diabase rock, dispersed ore mineralization occurs. The most common are Fe-Ti oxides resulting from the breakdown of solid solutions existing at high temperatures between magnetite - ilmenite - ulvöspinel and ilmenite - hematite. This mineralization is accompanied by dispersed sulphide mineralization with pyrrhotite, chalcopyrite, sphalerite. In olivine-gabbros and troctolites also with pentlandite. Sometimes automorphic pyrites are locally found in euhedral cubes of up to 1 cm edges.

HYDROTHERMAL MINERALISATION

In the period before the end of World War II, when this part of Silesia belonged to Germany, there were several works mentioning the occurrence of hydrothermal mineralization. Mostly, they concerned the Carboniferous rocks, made available by numerous mine and adits. In the rocks of the massif, only the occurrence of veins with chrysotile in troctolites are mentioned. In the kersantite from the hill near Wolibórz, a quartz veins with members of the dolomite-ankerite series, calcite and chalcopyrite was found, in paragenesis typical for Upper-Carboniferous series.
Intensive mining exploitation of this region, primarily between 1960s and 1980s, allowed to reach many rock series, previously inaccessible, as a result of which hydrothermal minerals were repeatedly encountered. It seems that the oldest paragenesis is calcite - epidote - chlorite - albite - quartz, but predominatly almost monomineral quartz veins were mentioned, reaching up to several metres. They are not prolonged in the above lying Carboniferous rocks, ending in the weathered gabbro. Also often quartz-calcite veins occur, sometimes with sulphide mineralization, monomineral calcite veins and lenses, as well with prehnite and zeolites: stilbite-Ca, chabasite, scolecite, laumontite and analcime. The peculiarities of the massif are the milky or pinkish white, fibrous calcite veins, which are pseudomorph after chrysotile.

Common hydrothermal mineralisation in Upper-Carboniferous series continue into the older rocks, mostly in the areas of sedimentary basins with argillite complex, created on the surface of gabbro-diabase. Minerals of that origin are dolomite-ankerite, barite, calcite, anhydrite, sulphides - pyrite, marcasite, sphalerite, chalcopyrite, galena, millerite, bornite, chalcocite, covellite, also hematite, goethite, malachite. Mineral fluides, interacting with the gabbro components, leads to the formation of prehnite and zeolites. As a great rarity millerite needles up to 3 mm length in prehnite was found in Słupiec, within hydrothermal vein in gabbro.

[K.Andrzejewski, March 2018]

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Bohemian MassifMassif
Silesia, Czech Republic/Germany/PolandRegion (Historical)
Sudetes Mountains (Sudeten; Sudety), Czech Republic/Germany/PolandMountain Range
Mid Sudetes Mountains, Czech Republic/PolandMountain Range
Sowie Mts, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, PolandMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

37 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Heflik W., Zabinski W. 1970 - A study of saussuritized gabbro from Słupiec (Lower Silesia). Prace Mineralogiczne Kom. Nauk. PAN Oddział Krakow T..23 Borkowska M. 1985 - Skały gabrowe masywu Nowej Rudy w Sudetach i ich minerały. Geologia Sudetica, vol.XX, nr 1
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Heflik W., Zabinski W. 1970 - A study of saussuritized gabbro from Słupiec (Lower Silesia). Prace Mineralogiczne Kom. Nauk. PAN Oddział Krakow T..23
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Heflik W., Zabinski W. 1970 - A study of saussuritized gabbro from Słupiec (Lower Silesia). Prace Mineralogiczne Kom. Nauk. PAN Oddział Krakow T..23 Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Description: first occurrence, in euhedral crystals up to 3mm in diameter, lustrous , transparent deltoidal icositetrahedrons
Reference: Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Borkowska M. 1985 - Skały gabrowe masywu Nowej Rudy w Sudetach i ich minerały. Geologia Sudetica, vol.XX, nr 1
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Białowolska A., Sałacinski R. 1981 - Pegmatyty gabrowe Nowej Rudy. Archiwum Mineralogiczne t.XXXVII Borkowska M. 1985 - Skały gabrowe masywu Nowej Rudy w Sudetach i ich minerały. Geologia Sudetica, vol.XX, nr 1
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Borkowska M. 1985 - Skały gabrowe masywu Nowej Rudy w Sudetach i ich minerały. Geologia Sudetica, vol.XX, nr 1
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Borkowska M. 1985 - Skały gabrowe masywu Nowej Rudy w Sudetach i ich minerały. Geologia Sudetica, vol.XX, nr 1
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
'Basaltic Hornblende'
Reference: Heflik W., Zabinski W. 1970 - A study of saussuritized gabbro from Słupiec (Lower Silesia). Prace Mineralogiczne Kom. Nauk. PAN Oddział Krakow T..23 Białowolska A., Sałacinski R. 1981 - Pegmatyty gabrowe Nowej Rudy. Archiwum Mineralogiczne t.XXXVII Borkowska M. 1985 - Skały gabrowe masywu Nowej Rudy w Sudetach i ich minerały. Geologia Sudetica, vol.XX, nr 1
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
'Chabazite'
Description: first occurrence
Reference: Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Kijak E. (1934) - Die Karbonverwitterung des Gabbros von Neurode (Schlesien). Chemie der Erde Bd.8 Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Borkowska M. 1985 - Skały gabrowe masywu Nowej Rudy w Sudetach i ich minerały. Geologia Sudetica, vol.XX, nr 1
Diopside var: Diallage
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Białowolska A. 1973 - Geochemia masywów gabrowych Nowej Rudy i Slęży. Archiwum Mineralogiczne t.XXXI, z.1-2
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Białowolska A. 1973 - Geochemia masywów gabrowych Nowej Rudy i Slęży. Archiwum Mineralogiczne t.XXXI, z.1-2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Heflik W., Zabinski W. 1970 - A study of saussuritized gabbro from Słupiec (Lower Silesia). Prace Mineralogiczne Kom. Nauk. PAN Oddział Krakow T..23 Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Reference: Borkowska M. 1985 - Skały gabrowe masywu Nowej Rudy w Sudetach i ich minerały. Geologia Sudetica, vol.XX, nr 1
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Description: in different type of rocks, analysis indicates 75-86% of Forsterite
Reference: Borkowska M. 1985 - Skały gabrowe masywu Nowej Rudy w Sudetach i ich minerały. Geologia Sudetica, vol.XX, nr 1
Galena
Formula: PbS
Description: with quartz I and II generation, chalcopyrite, pyrite, sphalerite; also in prehnite
Reference: Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Bzowski Z., Włodyka R., Karwowski Ł. 1983 - Tlenki żelazowo - tytanowe gabr rejonu Słupca (Dolny Slask). Prace Naukowe USl w Katowicach, nr 614, Geologia t.7 Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Borkowska M. 1985 - Skały gabrowe masywu Nowej Rudy w Sudetach i ich minerały. Geologia Sudetica, vol.XX, nr 1
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Białowolska A., Sałacinski R. 1981 - Pegmatyty gabrowe Nowej Rudy. Archiwum Mineralogiczne t.XXXVII Bzowski Z., Włodyka R., Karwowski Ł. 1983 - Tlenki żelazowo - tytanowe gabr rejonu Słupca (Dolny Slask). Prace Naukowe USl w Katowicach, nr 614, Geologia t.7
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Borkowska M. 1985 - Skały gabrowe masywu Nowej Rudy w Sudetach i ich minerały. Geologia Sudetica, vol.XX, nr 1
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Description: euhedral crystals up to 8mm, snowy white - first occurrence
Reference: Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Białowolska A., Sałacinski R. (1977) - Mineralizacja hydrotermalna w gabrze diallagowym rejonu Nowego Dzikowca. Archiwum Mineralogiczne t.XXXIII, z.2
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Bzowski Z., Włodyka R., Karwowski Ł. 1983 - Tlenki żelazowo - tytanowe gabr rejonu Słupca (Dolny Slask). Prace Naukowe USl w Katowicach, nr 614, Geologia t.7
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Kerber B., Serafin-Radlicz J., Ciemniewska M. (1967) - Poszukiwania niklu metodą metalometryczną w rejonie Nowej Rudy. Biuletyn Instytutu Geologicznego 205, p.139-155. Warszawa Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Description: first occurrence in calcite veins in gabbro, found in one sample from dump in Slupiec mine; all others and well-known finds are from Carboniferous rocks from mine 'Piast' in Nowa Ruda
Reference: Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Description: only in olivine-gabbros and troctolites
Reference: Pawlikowski M., Salamon W. 1972 - Przejawy mineralizacji kruszcowej w masywie gabrowo-diabazowym Nowej Rudy. Rudy i Metale Niezelażne. nr 3
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Description: One of the best occurrence of prehnite in Poland, could be compared only to the miarolitic pegmatites of Strzegom and Karkonosze.
Reference: Dathe E. (1883) - Prehnit von Neurode. Zeitschrift der Deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft, Bd.XXXV. Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Bzowski Z., Włodyka R., Karwowski Ł. 1983 - Tlenki żelazowo - tytanowe gabr rejonu Słupca (Dolny Slask). Prace Naukowe USl w Katowicach, nr 614, Geologia t.7
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
'Saussurite'
Reference: Heflik W., Zabinski W. 1970 - A study of saussuritized gabbro from Słupiec (Lower Silesia). Prace Mineralogiczne Kom. Nauk. PAN Oddział Krakow T..23
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Description: first occurrence
Reference: Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Pawlikowski M., Salamon W. 1972 - Przejawy mineralizacji kruszcowej w masywie gabrowo-diabazowym Nowej Rudy. Rudy i Metale Niezelażne. nr 3 Bzowski Z., Włodyka R., Karwowski Ł. 1983 - Tlenki żelazowo - tytanowe gabr rejonu Słupca (Dolny Slask). Prace Naukowe USl w Katowicach, nr 614, Geologia t.7 Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Description: first occurance from 1989-1990
Reference: Kapuscinski T. 1992 - On the occurence of stilbite in gabbro of the Nowa Ruda massif, Lower Silesia. Mineralogia Polonica vol.23 nr2 Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Borkowska M. 1985 - Skały gabrowe masywu Nowej Rudy w Sudetach i ich minerały. Geologia Sudetica, vol.XX, nr 1 Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Heflik W., Zabinski W. 1970 - A study of saussuritized gabbro from Słupiec (Lower Silesia). Prace Mineralogiczne Kom. Nauk. PAN Oddział Krakow T..23
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
Reference: Bzowski Z., Włodyka R., Karwowski Ł. 1983 - Tlenki żelazowo - tytanowe gabr rejonu Słupca (Dolny Slask). Prace Naukowe USl w Katowicach, nr 614, Geologia t.7
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Pendias H., Maciejewski S. (1959) - Zbiór analiz chemicznych skał magmowych i metamorficznych Dolnego Śląska; Prace Instytutu Geologicznego t.24, s.136 Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa Andrzejewski K. (1993) Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Diallage9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferrosilite9.DA.05FeSiO3
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Basaltic Hornblende'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Saussurite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Ferrosilite65.1.2.2FeSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Basaltic Hornblende'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Diopside
var: Diallage
-CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Saussurite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O FerrosiliteFeSiO3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
O BaryteBaSO4
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AlAluminium
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SiSilicon
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si FerrosiliteFeSiO3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Si Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S DigeniteCu9S5
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BaryteBaSO4
S MilleriteNiS
S GalenaPbS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S MarcasiteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
CaCalcium
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe FerrosiliteFeSiO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
NiNickel
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Białowolska A. 1973 - Geochemia masywów gabrowych Nowej Rudy i Slęży. Archiwum Mineralogiczne t.XXXI, z.1-2
Białowolska A., Sałacinski R. 1977 - Mineralizacja hydrotermalna w gabrze diallagowym rejonu Nowego Dzikowca. Archiwum Mineralogiczne t.XXXIII, z.2
Białowolska A., Sałacinski R. 1981 - Pegmatyty gabrowe Nowej Rudy. Archiwum Mineralogiczne t.XXXVII
Borkowska M. 1985 - Skały gabrowe masywu Nowej Rudy w Sudetach i ich minerały. Geologia Sudetica, vol.XX, nr 1
Bzowski Z., Włodyka R., Karwowski Ł. 1983 - Tlenki żelazowo - tytanowe gabr rejonu Słupca (Dolny Slask). Prace Naukowe USl w Katowicach, nr 614, Geologia t.7
Heflik W. 1973 - Zasadowe i ultrazasadowe skały z okolic Woliborza koło Nowej Rudy na Dolnym Sląsku. Spraw. z Pos. Kom. Nauk PAN Oddział Krakow T.16/2
Heflik W., Zabinski W. 1970 - A study of saussuritized gabbro from Słupiec (Lower Silesia). Prace Mineralogiczne Kom. Nauk. PAN Oddział Krakow T..23
Hoehne K. 1942 - Hydrothermale Vererzungen im Gefolge der Waldenburger Porphyrdurchbruecke. Z. Prakt. Geol. Halle, 50 (3), pp. 30-36.
Kapuscinski T. 1991 - Petrographic study of diabase and gabbro alterations in the basement of carboniferous sedimente in the Nowa Ruda mine, Lower Silesia. Mineralogia Polonica vol.22 nr2
Kapuscinski T. 1992 - On the occurence of stilbite in gabbro of the Nowa Ruda massif, Lower Silesia. Mineralogia Polonica vol.23 nr2
Karger M. 1987 - Zyła barytowa z galeną z Nowej Rudy. Archiwum Mineralogiczne t.XLIII z.1
Kowalski W.M., Lipiarski I. 1973 - Utwory epitermalne z niecki Słupca w zagłębiu sudeckim. Prace Geologiczne Kom. Nauk Geol. PAN, Oddział Kraków, nr.78
Kryza, R., Pin, C., 2010. - The Central-Sudetic ophiolites (SW Poland): petrogenetic issues, geochronology and palaeotectonic implications. Gondwana Research, 17: 292-305.
Narebski W. Majerowicz A. 1985 - Ophiolites of the surrounding of the Sowie Góry Mts. block and lower Paleozoic initialites of the Polish Sudetes. Nauka, Novosibirsk , pp. 86-105
Oberc J. 1960 - Podział geologiczny Sudetów. Prace I.G.t.XXX, cz.II;
Pawlikowski M., Salamon W. 1972 - Przejawy mineralizacji kruszcowej w masywie gabrowo-diabazowym Nowej Rudy. Rudy i Metale Niezelażne. nr 3
Szynkiewicz A.A., Weber-Weller A., Jędrysek M-O. 2002 - Remarks on the origin of ore mineralization and evolution of rocks of Śleza and Nowa Ruda ophiolites: Oxygen isotope studies (SW Poland); Przeglad Geologiczny 50(1):33-41
Teisseyre H. 1968 - Serie metamorficzne Sudetow.Uwagi o stratygrafii, następstwie i wieku deformacji oraz metodach badawczych. Geologia Sudetica 4 ;
Kowarz M. 1965 - O występowaniu minerałów rudnych w gabrze Nowej Rudy. Przegląd Geologiczny 12.
Kowarz M. 1966 - Formy występowania siarczków metali w zsasadowych skałach intruzji Nowej Rudy. Kwartalnik Geologiczny T.10 Nr 2
Kijak E. 1933 - Die Karbonverwitterung des Gabbros von Neurode (Schlesien). Chemie der Erde 8. Band 1.u.2. Jena

Localities in this Region
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  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship

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