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Funtana Raminosa Mine, Gadoni, Nuoro Province, Sardinia, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Funtana Raminosa MineMine
Gadoni- not defined -
Nuoro ProvinceProvince
SardiniaAutonomous Region
ItalyCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
39° 52' 39'' North , 9° 10' 19'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Gadoni877 (2014)4.2km
Seulo871 (2018)5.5km
Aritzo1,321 (2014)9.2km
Belvì664 (2014)9.4km
Laconi1,915 (2014)10.6km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Miniera di Funtana Raminosa, Gadoni, Provincia di Nuoro, Sardegna, Italia


In this mining area, at occurrences named Su Fruscu (at 550 m above sea level) and San Giuseppe there were made explorative tunnels to verify the consistence of mineralizations.

This area has been very important for copper minerals probably since the Bronze Age. In fact, at the end of 1800 there were discovered the traces of very old extractive and mining activity which it was dated at Nuragic Age (Bronze Age) (Begemann et al., 2001).
These copper occurrences were surely mined also around 700 BC during Arabian Occupation of Southern Italy. In this period the Arabic conquerors (known as Saraceni) used these mines and the name of the river which crosses the mining area (Saraxinus River) is a proof of that (Saraxinus River means Saraceni River).

Actually is a geo-park and some little part of site mine is open to public visit.
For public visit and some other information about Funtana Raminosa geo-park, visit the web site http://www.igeaspa.it.

Provided coordinates are referred to the main buildings of the mine.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


60 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Berthierine ?
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Ogniben G. – (1957) La presenza di bornite e covellina a Funtana Raminosa (Sardegna). Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma pp. 331-337.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp; Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: Ciriotti, M.E., Bortolozzi, G. Blass, G. (2007): Chalcoalumite, ex UM di Funtana Raminosa, Gadoni, Nuoro, Sardegna centrale. Micro (UK report), 1/2007, 51-54.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Revello G., Chiorboli S. (1970) - Sulla presenza di associazioni di cubanite, calcopirite, pirrotina, blenda e mackinawite incluse in quarzo a Funtana Raminosa (Sardegna). Periodico di mineralogia – Roma, pp. 211-217. and AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Dypingite ?
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Gonyerite ?
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Ogniben G., De Pieri R. (1967) - I minerali di alterazione di Su Friscu (Giacimento di Funtana Raminosa, Sardegna) - Per. Min. Roma, n. 36, vol III, pp. 659-671 and M. Boscardin: Informazioni di mineralogia Italiana: Minerali secondari della miniera di Funtana Raminosa (Sardegna) Notizie del Gruppo Min. Lombardo, n. 1, March 1974, pag. 5
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Ogniben G., De Pieri R. (1967) - I minerali di alterazione di Su Friscu (Giacimento di Funtana Raminosa, Sardegna) - Per. Min. Roma, n. 36, vol III, pp. 659-671 and M. Boscardin: Informazioni di mineralogia Italiana: Minerali secondari della miniera di Funtana Raminosa (Sardegna) Notizie del Gruppo Min. Lombardo, n. 1, March 1974, pag. 5
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Revello G., Chiorboli S. (1970) - Sulla presenza di associazioni di cubanite, calcopirite, pirrotina, blenda e mackinawite incluse in quarzo a Funtana Raminosa (Sardegna). Periodico di mineralogia – Roma, pp. 211-217. and AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Minnesotaite
Formula: Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Trevorite ?
Formula: Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Woodwardite
Formula: Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Hawleyite2.CB.05aCdS
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Creedite3.CG.15Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Trevorite ?4.BB.05Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dypingite ?5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Carbonatecyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcoalumite7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Spangolite7.DD.15Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Woodwardite7.DD.35Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Berthierine ?9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Gonyerite ?9.EC.55(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Minnesotaite9.EC.05Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Hawleyite2.8.2.6CdS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Maghemite4.3.7.1Fe3+2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Trevorite ?7.2.2.5Ni2+Fe3+2O4
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 12 - COMPOUND HALIDES
Miscellaneous
Creedite12.1.4.1Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Carbonatecyanotrichite16b.7.7.1Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Dypingite ?16b.7.2.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Spangolite31.1.5.1Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Woodwardite31.2.2.1Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
(AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chalcoalumite31.3.1.1CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Berthierine ?71.1.2c.2(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Minnesotaite71.2.1.5Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Gonyerite ?71.4.4.1(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
H DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
H Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
OOxygen
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O HematiteFe2O3
O MaghemiteFe23+O3
O MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
O DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
O Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
O TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
F CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Mg Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Al ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Al Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Si Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S HawleyiteCdS
S GreenockiteCdS
S CovelliteCuS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S BaryteBaSO4
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
S WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
S SulphurS8
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MnManganese
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MaghemiteFe23+O3
Fe MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Fe Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Fe TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
NiNickel
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CopperCu
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Cu WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
CdCadmium
Cd HawleyiteCdS
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SbAntimony
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3143329
Ordovician meta-volcanic

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Meta-volcanic rock group

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Cambrian - Proterozoic
511 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3187531
Precambrian-Phanerozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: to Cambrian (511 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Dessau, G. (1937): Studi sulla miniera di Fontana Raminosa (Sardegna). Periodico di Mineralogia, 8, 177-215.
- Ogniben, G. (1957) La presenza di bornite e covellina a Funtana Raminosa (Sardegna). Periodico di Mineralogia, 26, 331-337.
- Ogniben, G., Quareni, S., Revello, G. (1962) Il "portatore di argento" della calcopirite di Funtana Raminosa (Sardegna). Periodico di Mineralogia, 31, 229-259.
- Ogniben, G. & De Pieri, R. (1967): I minerali di alterazione di Su Fruscu (Giacimento di Funtana Raminosa, Sardegna). Periodico di Mineralogia, 36, 659-682.
- Revello, G., Chiorboli, S. (1970) Sulla presenza di associazioni di cubanite, calcopirite, pirrotina, blenda e mackinawite incluse in quarzo a Funtana Raminosa (Sardegna). Periodico di Mineralogia, 39, 211-217.
- Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
- Frau, F., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C. (1998): Creedite from Sardinia, Italy: the first European occurrence. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1998, 495–504.
- Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
- Friedrich Begemann, Sigrid Schmitt-Strecker and Fulvia Lo Schiavo (2001): Chemical composition and lead isotopy of copper and bronze from Nuragic Sardinia. European Journal of Archaeology 4, xx-xx.


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