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Tiksheozero massif (Tkishozerskii massif; Tiksheozersky), Republic of Karelia, Russiai
Regional Level Types
Tiksheozero massif (Tkishozerskii massif; Tiksheozersky)Massif
Republic of KareliaRepublic
RussiaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 66° 17' 47'' North , 31° 36' 54'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 66.29659,31.61517
GeoHash:G#: uey3pkvmw
Locality type:Massif
Age:1999 ± 5 Ma
Geologic Time:Orosirian
Dating method:U-Pb zircon and baddeleyite
Reference for age:https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Alkaline-complexes-and-carbonatites-in-Kola-peninsula-northern-Russian-Karelia-and_fig1_225412232
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate


Paleoproterozoic alklaic massive, of the transitional type between alkaline ultramafic-carbonatitic and alkaline gabbroid rock assemblages.

The Tiksheozero intrusion presents a north-south trending, bowl-shaped body over an area of ca. 20 km2, and is split up into three large blocks: the Tiksheozero, Central, and Shapkozero blocks. They are composed dominantly of pyroxenite (80%), together with olivinite, ijolite, theralite, alkali gabbro, gabbronorite, and nepheline syenite. The core of the Central block consists of carbonatite occurring as a large body of ca. 2 km2 and numerous carbonatite veins. The carbonatite cuts gabbronorite.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian Plate (Eurasia Plate)Plate
Soviet Union (1922-1991)Country (Former)
EuropeContinent
Karelian-Kola Alkaline Ultramafic and Carbonatitic Province, Finland/RussiaGeologic Province

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


24 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Apatite'
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
'Biotite'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Ferro-katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
'Pyrochlore'
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
'Zeolite Group'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Ferro-katophorite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Katophorite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Katophorite66.1.3b.11{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Ferro-katophorite-{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AlAluminium
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SiSilicon
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
SSulfur
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
ClChlorine
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kovalskaya, T. N., Kotelnikov, A. R., & Varlamov, D. A. (2017). Rock-forming Minerals of Tiksheozersky Massif (North Karelia, Russia). In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 115-117).

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