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Saxon Mine, Thames, Thames-Coromandel District, Waikato Region, North Island, New Zealand

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 8' 2'' South , 175° 33' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -37.13412,175.55025
GeoHash:G#: rckudxzy1
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate

Historic gold mine.

The Saxon Gold Mining Company controlled a lease of 62 acres on the eastern edge of the Thames town-site, and adjacent foothills. It was bounded by the Victoria, May Queen, and Foreshore claims. The lease covered the former old claims of Exchange, Beach, Golden Run, and part of the London and Mariner claims. The company lasted from 1887 to 1893, the mine accessed from a vertical shaft with six levels.

The country rock is highly propylitised pyroxene andesite, with darker hard un-altered andesite. The principal reefs were the Saxon No. 1 and 2, and the Cardigan No. 1 and 2, all trending north-east to south-west, dipping at high angles. Near the Beach Slide Fault, the Saxon No. 2 Reef splits into four branches, while the two Cardigan veins merge. Pockets of specimen stone were found.

Richard Boden was killed underground in a fall of earth in 1887. Underground manager, Patrick Nolan was rendered a paraplegic from a fall of earth in 1889.

In 1893 the May Queen and Saxon mines amalgamated. The last vestige relating to the company was removed from Thames in 1919. The Keesings Fancy Goods Store was built in 1869 on Albert Street. During the 1880's it remained empty until taken over by the Saxon Gold Mining Company as change rooms, and engine shed. With the mine closing around 1914, the building was sold and then dismantled four years later.

Mineral List

2 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

5.333 - 23.03 Ma

ID: 1308094
Coromandel Group Miocene andesite and basaltic andesite lava

Age: Miocene (5.333 - 23.03 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Coromandel Group

Description: Andesite and basaltic andesite lava, tuff and tuff breccia, agglomerate and pyroclastic flow deposits; andesite, diorite and dacite dikes and subvolcanic intusions.

Comments: Zealandia Megasequence Extrusive and Intrusive Rocks (Neogene)

Lithology: Andesite, tuffite, tuff-breccia, agglomerate, pyroclastic material, andesite, diorite, dacite

Reference: Edbrooke, S.W., Heron, D.W., Forsyth, P.J., Jongens, R. (compilers). Geology Map of New Zealand 1:1 000 000. GNS Science Geological Map 2. [12]

Tortonian - Burdigalian
7.246 - 20.44 Ma

ID: 1315860
Kuaotunu Subgroup andesite and dacite (Coromandel Group) of Coromandel Volcanic Zone

Age: Miocene (7.246 - 20.44 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Kuaotunu Subgroup

Description: Basaltic andesite, andesite and dacite intrusives, flows, volcaniclastites and volcanic epiclastites.

Comments: Neogene igneous rocks. Age based on K-Ar

Lithology: Major:: {andesite},Minor:: {dacite}

Reference: Heron, D.W. . Geology Map of New Zealand 1:250 000. GNS Science Geological Map 1. [13]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Bay of Plenty Times newspaper (1887), Death, Vol. XV, issue 2218, 29 November 1887.
Star newspaper (1889) Serious Accident, issue 6520, 12 April 1889.
Auckland Star newspaper (1892) The Saxon Mine, Vol. XXIII, issue 73, 26 March 1892.
Thames Star newspaper (1893) Saxon and May Queen Companies. The Amalgamation Scheme, Vol. XXIV, issue 7497, 14 August 1893.
Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Thames Star newspaper (1919) Old Thames Landmark, Vol. LII, issue 13885, 29 January 1919.

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