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Val Gardena Sandstone exposure near San Lugano pass, Carano, Fiemme Valley, Trento, Trentino-South Tyrol, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Val Gardena Sandstone exposure near San Lugano passOutcrop
Carano- not defined -
Fiemme ValleyValley
TrentoAutonomous Province
Trentino-South TyrolAutonomous Region
ItalyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Passo di San Lugano, Carano, Val di Fiemme (Fleimstal), Trento, Trentino-Alto Adige, Italia
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 18' 43'' North , 11° 24' 21'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.31200,11.40600
GeoHash:G#: u20p7wcdg
Locality type:Outcrop
Age:259.8 ± 0.4 to 252.17 ± 0.06 Ma
Geologic Time:Lopingian
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


Small Cu-U deposits within the Upper Permian Val Gardena Sandstone (Italian: Arenaria di Val Gardena, German: Gröden-Formation), NE of the San Lugano Pass, a few metres above the limit of the ignimbrites of the Athesian Volcanic Group (Lower Permian). In the Cu- and U-rich mineralised level, located at the base of the Val Gardena Sandstone, the major ore concentrations are found in deposits of carbon frustules and especially inside coalified trunks up to metric sizes, impregnated with framboidal pyrite, covellite, tennantite and uraninite, and surrounded by evident colored halos of supergenic minerals.
In this environment some oxalates (moolooite, the second world occurrence of middlebackite and the new species fiemmeite) have been recently identified.

Regions containing this locality

The Alps, Europe

Mountain Range - 2,247 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Demartin, F.; Campostrini, I.; Ferretti, P.; Rocchetti, I. Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a New Mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 248.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Demartin, F.; Campostrini, I.; Ferretti, P.; Rocchetti, I. Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a New Mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 248.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Demartin, F.; Campostrini, I.; Ferretti, P.; Rocchetti, I. Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a New Mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 248.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Demartin, F.; Campostrini, I.; Ferretti, P.; Rocchetti, I. Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a New Mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 248.
'Coal'
Reference: Demartin, F., Campostrini, I., Ferretti, P., and Rocchetti, I. (2018) Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a new mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 6, 248
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Demartin, F.; Campostrini, I.; Ferretti, P.; Rocchetti, I. Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a New Mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 248.
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Demartin, F.; Campostrini, I.; Ferretti, P.; Rocchetti, I. Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a New Mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 248.
Fiemmeite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2·2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Demartin, F., Campostrini, I., Ferretti, P. and Rocchetti, I. (2018) Fiemmeite, IMA 2017-115. CNMNC Newsletter No. 43, June 2018, page 780; Mineralogical Magazine, 82, 779–785; Demartin, F., Campostrini, I., Ferretti, P., Rocchetti, I. (2018): Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a New Mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals, 8, 248
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Demartin, F.; Campostrini, I.; Ferretti, P.; Rocchetti, I. Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a New Mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 248.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Demartin, F.; Campostrini, I.; Ferretti, P.; Rocchetti, I. Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a New Mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 248.
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Demartin, F.; Campostrini, I.; Ferretti, P.; Rocchetti, I. Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a New Mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 248.
Middlebackite
Formula: Cu2C2O4(OH)2
Reference: Demartin, F.; Campostrini, I.; Ferretti, P.; Rocchetti, I. Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a New Mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 248.
Moolooite
Formula: Cu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
Reference: Demartin, F.; Campostrini, I.; Ferretti, P.; Rocchetti, I. Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a New Mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 248.
'Mudstone'
Reference: Demartin, F.; Campostrini, I.; Ferretti, P.; Rocchetti, I. Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a New Mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 248.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Demartin, F.; Campostrini, I.; Ferretti, P.; Rocchetti, I. Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a New Mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 248.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Demartin, F.; Campostrini, I.; Ferretti, P.; Rocchetti, I. Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a New Mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 248.
'Sandstone'
Reference: Demartin, F.; Campostrini, I.; Ferretti, P.; Rocchetti, I. Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a New Mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 248.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Demartin, F.; Campostrini, I.; Ferretti, P.; Rocchetti, I. Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a New Mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 248.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Demartin, F.; Campostrini, I.; Ferretti, P.; Rocchetti, I. Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a New Mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 248.
Zeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Demartin, F.; Campostrini, I.; Ferretti, P.; Rocchetti, I. Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a New Mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 248.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Uraninite'4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Brochantite'7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
'Devilline'7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Metazeunerite'8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Olivenite'8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
'Zeunerite'8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
'Moolooite'10.AB.15Cu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Coal'-
'Fiemmeite' (TL)-Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2·2H2O
'Middlebackite'-Cu2C2O4(OH)2
'Mudstone'-
'Sandstone'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Metazeunerite40.2a.14.2Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Zeunerite40.2a.14.1Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Oxalates
Moolooite50.1.6.1Cu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Coal'-
Fiemmeite (TL)-Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2·2H2O
Middlebackite-Cu2C2O4(OH)2
'Mudstone'-
'Sandstone'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H FiemmeiteCu2(C2O4)(OH)2·2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H MiddlebackiteCu2C2O4(OH)2
H MoolooiteCu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C FiemmeiteCu2(C2O4)(OH)2·2H2O
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C MiddlebackiteCu2C2O4(OH)2
C MoolooiteCu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
OOxygen
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CupriteCu2O
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O FiemmeiteCu2(C2O4)(OH)2·2H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O MiddlebackiteCu2C2O4(OH)2
O MoolooiteCu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O UraniniteUO2
O ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcociteCu2S
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
CaCalcium
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu FiemmeiteCu2(C2O4)(OH)2·2H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu MiddlebackiteCu2C2O4(OH)2
Cu MoolooiteCu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
AsArsenic
As MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
UUranium
U MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
U UraniniteUO2
U ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Permian - Carboniferous
251.902 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3147572
Carboniferous rhyodacite

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{rhyodacite}, Minor{rhyolite,dacite,andesite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3187824
Paleozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Felsic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Demartin, F., Campostrini, I., Ferretti, P., and Rocchetti, I. (2018) Fiemmeite Cu2(C2O4)(OH)2∙2H2O, a new mineral from Val di Fiemme, Trentino, Italy. Minerals 2018, 8, 6, 248; doi:10.3390/min8060248.


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