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Qaqqaarsuk (Qaqarssuk), Maniitsoq (Sukkertoppen), Qeqqata, Greenland, Denmark

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 65° 23' North , 51° 40' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 65.38333,-51.66667
GeoHash:G#: fge7bq9mx
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra


Middle Jurassic carbonatite complex, covering an area of about 15 km². It contains up to 4% of lanthanides, as well as niobium and phosphate. Located about 60 km east of the settlement of Maniitsoq.

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

18 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm; USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Alstonite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
'Ancylite'
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
'Apatite'
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65; USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
'Carbonatite'
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Knudsen, C. (1989)Pyrochlore group minerals from the Quqassuk carbonatite complex. In Lanthanides, Tantalum and Niobium (P.Möller, P. Černý, & F. Saipé, eds.). springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany; Atencio, D., Andrade, M.B., Christy, A.G., Gieré, R., Kartashov, P.M. (2010) The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 673-698.
'Lanthanite'
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65; USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
'Oxynatropyrochlore'
Formula: (Na,Ca,U)2Nb2O6(O,OH)
Reference: Knudsen, C. (1989) Pyrochlore group minerals from the Quqassuk carbonatite complex. In Lanthanides, Tantalum and Niobium (P.Möller, P. Černý, & F. Saipé, eds.). springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany; Atencio, D., Andrade, M.B., Christy, A.G., Gieré, R., Kartashov, P.M. (2010) The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 673-698.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Pyrochlore Group
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
Pyrochlore Group var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Knudsen, C. (1989) Pyrochlore group minerals from the Quqassuk carbonatite complex. In Lanthanides, Tantalum and Niobium (P.Möller, P. Černý, & F. Saipé, eds.). springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany; Atencio, D., Andrade, M.B., Christy, A.G., Gieré, R., Kartashov, P.M. (2010) The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 673-698.
Pyrochlore Supergroup
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
Qaqarssukite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2F
Reference: Grice, J.D., Gault, R.A. & Rowe, R. (2006): Qaqarssukite-(Ce),a new barium-cerium fluorcarbonate mineral species from Qaqarssuk, Greenland. The Canadian Mineralogist. 44, 1137-1146.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Knudsen, C. (1989)Pyrochlore group minerals from the Quqassuk carbonatite complex. In Lanthanides, Tantalum and Niobium (P.Möller, P. Černý, & F. Saipé, eds.). springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany; Atencio, D., Andrade, M.B., Christy, A.G., Gieré, R., Kartashov, P.M. (2010) The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 673-698.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Reference: Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Pyrochlore Group4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Alstonite'5.AB.35BaCa(CO3)2
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Qaqarssukite-(Ce) (TL)5.BD.25Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2F
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
'Aegirine'9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Ancylite'-
'Apatite'-
Carbonatite-
Fayalite-Forsterite Series-
Lanthanite-
Oxynatropyrochlore-(Na,Ca,U)2Nb2O6(O,OH)
Pyrochlore-
Pyrochlore Supergroup-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
Pyrochlore Group8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Alstonite14.2.5.1BaCa(CO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Burbankite14.4.4.1(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Ancylite'-
'Apatite'-
'Carbonatite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Lanthanite'-
'Oxynatropyrochlore'-(Na,Ca,U)2Nb2O6(O,OH)
'Pyrochlore'-
Pyrochlore Group
var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group
-A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrochlore Supergroup-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Qaqarssukite-(Ce) (TL)-Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2F

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Oxynatropyrochlore(Na,Ca,U)2Nb2O6(O,OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
CCarbon
C AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Qaqarssukite-(Ce)Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2F
C StrontianiteSrCO3
OOxygen
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Oxynatropyrochlore(Na,Ca,U)2Nb2O6(O,OH)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Qaqarssukite-(Ce)Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2F
O QuartzSiO2
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
FFluorine
F Qaqarssukite-(Ce)Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2F
F Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
NaSodium
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Na Oxynatropyrochlore(Na,Ca,U)2Nb2O6(O,OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Oxynatropyrochlore(Na,Ca,U)2Nb2O6(O,OH)
Ca Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
TiTitanium
Ti Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
FeIron
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
SrStrontium
Sr Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
NbNiobium
Nb Oxynatropyrochlore(Na,Ca,U)2Nb2O6(O,OH)
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
BaBarium
Ba AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ba Qaqarssukite-(Ce)Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2F
CeCerium
Ce Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ce Qaqarssukite-(Ce)Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2F
Ce Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
TaTantalum
Ta Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
UUranium
U Oxynatropyrochlore(Na,Ca,U)2Nb2O6(O,OH)
U Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3134470
Archean gneiss

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Description: medium grade metamorphic

Lithology: Gneiss

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma



ID: 3185645
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Comments: Archaean Block Of Greenland

Lithology: Granitoid gneiss; granulite grade orthogneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma



ID: 656871
Igneous: intrusive; Intrusive: undivided

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Description: Greenland, North Atlantic Craton (Greenland and Canada)

Comments: Craton and massif; Escher & Pulvertaft, 1995; Hamann et al., 2005; Jepsen, unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Orthogneiss, intermediate plutonic rocks, amphibolite to granulite facies

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65

Localities in this Region
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