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Pestera din Valea Rea, Pietroasa, Bihor, Romaniai
Regional Level Types
Pestera din Valea ReaCave
Pietroasa- not defined -
BihorCounty
RomaniaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 37' 59'' North , 22° 40' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.63333,22.68333
GeoHash:G#: u821k1m6z
Locality type:Cave
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


gypsum speleothems

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


20 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
'Barrandite'
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Bobierrite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Nacrite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Hydromagnesite'5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
'Celestine'7.AD.35SrSO4
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Bobierrite'8.CE.35Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
'Brushite'8.CJ.50Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Dickite'9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Nacrite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Barrandite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Brushite39.1.1.1Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Bobierrite40.3.7.1Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Barrandite'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Nacrite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O CelestineSrSO4
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O PericlaseMgO
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
FFluorine
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg PericlaseMgO
AlAluminium
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SiSilicon
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S CelestineSrSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Mesozoic
66 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3186836
Mesozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 251.902 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3160922
undifferentiated

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{dolomite/dolostone,conglomerate,sandstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.


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