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Moonta, Yorke Peninsula, South Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Moonta- not defined -
Yorke PeninsulaPeninsula
South AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Moonta336 (2015)


An old mining centre for a large number of copper mines discovered in 1861 and closing in 1923. Also well known as the southern point of Australia's famous 'Copper Triangle', which was bordered to the north by Kadina and Wallaroo.
The Moonta Mining Co. became the first in Australia to pay out over 1 million pounds in dividends to its shareholders.
Recently mining activities recommenced at two small old mines, the Poona and Wheal Hughes to the north of the original Moonta workings, which were mined by open cut and underground decline in the 1990s. The deposits were small but high grade and mining was completed here in 1995.
The area is most famous for atacamite, cuprite, and chalcopyrite crystals.

Currently under exploration by Adelaide Resources Limited.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

60 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 5104
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: [MinRec 19:412]
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Elliot, P. (1990) Marshite from the Poona Mine, Moonta, South Australia. Australian Mineralogist, Vol. 5, pg. 95-96.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: RB94/00041;Janz 1990 (unpublished honours thesis) + self prospected
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 268.; H Y L Brown (1893) Catalogue of South Australian Minerals, with the Mines and other localities where found. South Australia Geological Department
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Brown, H. Y. L. (1898). Catalogue of South Australian Minerals: With the Mines and Other Localities where Found; and Brief Remarks on the Mode of Occurrence of Some of the Principal Metals and Ores. CE Bristow, government printer.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Morales-Ruano, S., Both, R.A., Golding, S.D. (2002) A fluid inclusion and stable isotope study of the Moonta copper-gold deposits, South Australia: evidence for fluid immiscibility in a magmatic hydrothermal system. Chemical Geology, Vol. 192, pg. 211-226.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite ?
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Description: "ID'd at Mineralogical Society of SA - Plumose specimen" (Paul Stahl)
Reference: Paul Stahl collection
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: [MinRec 19:412]
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Morales-Ruano, S., Both, R.A., Golding, S.D. (2002) A fluid inclusion and stable isotope study of the Moonta copper-gold deposits, South Australia: evidence for fluid immiscibility in a magmatic hydrothermal system. Chemical Geology, Vol. 192, pg. 211-226.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: RB94/00041;Janz 1990 (unpublished honours thesis) + self prospected
Clinochlore ?
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Copper
Formula: Cu
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Eriochalcite
Formula: CuCl2 · 2H2O
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Keeling, J., Mauger, A. J., Scott, K. M., & Hartley, K. (2003). Alteration mineralogy and acid-sulphate weathering at Moonta copper mines, South Australia. Advances in Regolith, 230-233.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Galena
Formula: PbS
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Elliot, P. (1990) Marshite from the Poona Mine, Moonta, South Australia. Australian Mineralogist, Vol. 5, pg. 95-96.
Gold
Formula: Au
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Keeling, J.L., Hartley, K.L. (2005) Poona and Wheal Hughs Cu deposits, Moonta, South Australia. CRC LEME Report, 2005. 3pp
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'K Feldspar'
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 5104
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 5216
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Marshite
Formula: CuI
Reference: Elliot, P. (1990) Marshite from the Poona Mine, Moonta, South Australia. Australian Mineralogist, Vol. 5, pg. 95-96.
Mcguinnessite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: XRD confirmed by South Australian Museum
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Morales-Ruano, S., Both, R.A., Golding, S.D. (2002) A fluid inclusion and stable isotope study of the Moonta copper-gold deposits, South Australia: evidence for fluid immiscibility in a magmatic hydrothermal system. Chemical Geology, Vol. 192, pg. 211-226.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Morales-Ruano, S., Both, R.A., Golding, S.D. (2002) A fluid inclusion and stable isotope study of the Moonta copper-gold deposits, South Australia: evidence for fluid immiscibility in a magmatic hydrothermal system. Chemical Geology, Vol. 192, pg. 211-226.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyrobitumen'
'Pyrobitumen var: Thucholite'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Paul Stahl collection
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: RB94/00041;Janz 1990 (unpublished honours thesis) + self prospected
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Elliot, P. (1990) Marshite from the Poona Mine, Moonta, South Australia. Australian Mineralogist, Vol. 5, pg. 95-96.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Keeling, J., Mauger, A. J., Scott, K. M., & Hartley, K. (2003). Alteration mineralogy and acid-sulphate weathering at Moonta copper mines, South Australia. Advances in Regolith, 230-233.
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: [MinRec 19:412]
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Alloclasite2.EB.10bCo1-xFexAsS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite ?2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Eriochalcite3.BB.05CuCl2 · 2H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Marshite3.AA.05CuI
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite5.BA.10(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore ?9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Pyrobitumen'-
'var: Thucholite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Alloclasite2.12.6.2Co1-xFexAsS
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite ?3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Marshite9.1.7.3CuI
AX2
Eriochalcite9.2.8.1CuCl2 · 2H2O
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite16a.3.1.4(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Meta-autunite40.2a.1.2Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore ?71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Pyrobitumen'-
'var: Thucholite'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O TenoriteCuO
O UraniniteUO2
O Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
PPhosphorus
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S GalenaPbS
S SulphurS8
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2O
KPotassium
K CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
VVanadium
V CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
CoCobalt
Co CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Co AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
NiNickel
Ni CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
CuCopper
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu CopperCu
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cu MarshiteCuI
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
IIodine
I MarshiteCuI
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
UUranium
U CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U UraniniteUO2
U Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O

References

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Mineralogical Record: 19: 407-416.

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