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Nifonea hydrothermal field, Futunu Trough, Vanuatui
Regional Level Types
Nifonea hydrothermal fieldGroup of Hydrothermal Vents
Futunu Trough- not defined -
VanuatuCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
18° 7' 58'' South , 169° 31' 1'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Republic of Vanuatu; New Hebrides


Located in a water depth of 1860–1875 m within a semi-circular caldera, 5 km wide and 8 km long, at the summit of the Nifonea axial volcano in the southern part of the Vate Trough. Vented hydrothermal fluid up to 368°C.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


8 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Schmidt, K., Garbe-Schönberg, D., Hannington, M. D., Anderson, M. O., Bühring, B., Haase, K., ... & Koschinsky, A. (2017). Boiling vapour-type fluids from the nifonea vent field (new hebrides back-arc, vanuatu, sw pacific): Geochemistry of an early-stage, post-eruptive hydrothermal system. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 207, 185-209.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Schmidt, K., Garbe-Schönberg, D., Hannington, M. D., Anderson, M. O., Bühring, B., Haase, K., ... & Koschinsky, A. (2017). Boiling vapour-type fluids from the nifonea vent field (new hebrides back-arc, vanuatu, sw pacific): Geochemistry of an early-stage, post-eruptive hydrothermal system. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 207, 185-209.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Schmidt, K., Garbe-Schönberg, D., Hannington, M. D., Anderson, M. O., Bühring, B., Haase, K., ... & Koschinsky, A. (2017). Boiling vapour-type fluids from the nifonea vent field (new hebrides back-arc, vanuatu, sw pacific): Geochemistry of an early-stage, post-eruptive hydrothermal system. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 207, 185-209.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Schmidt, K., Garbe-Schönberg, D., Hannington, M. D., Anderson, M. O., Bühring, B., Haase, K., ... & Koschinsky, A. (2017). Boiling vapour-type fluids from the nifonea vent field (new hebrides back-arc, vanuatu, sw pacific): Geochemistry of an early-stage, post-eruptive hydrothermal system. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 207, 185-209.
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Schmidt, K., Garbe-Schönberg, D., Hannington, M. D., Anderson, M. O., Bühring, B., Haase, K., ... & Koschinsky, A. (2017). Boiling vapour-type fluids from the nifonea vent field (new hebrides back-arc, vanuatu, sw pacific): Geochemistry of an early-stage, post-eruptive hydrothermal system. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 207, 185-209.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Schmidt, K., Garbe-Schönberg, D., Hannington, M. D., Anderson, M. O., Bühring, B., Haase, K., ... & Koschinsky, A. (2017). Boiling vapour-type fluids from the nifonea vent field (new hebrides back-arc, vanuatu, sw pacific): Geochemistry of an early-stage, post-eruptive hydrothermal system. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 207, 185-209.
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Schmidt, K., Garbe-Schönberg, D., Hannington, M. D., Anderson, M. O., Bühring, B., Haase, K., ... & Koschinsky, A. (2017). Boiling vapour-type fluids from the nifonea vent field (new hebrides back-arc, vanuatu, sw pacific): Geochemistry of an early-stage, post-eruptive hydrothermal system. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 207, 185-209.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Schmidt, K., Garbe-Schönberg, D., Hannington, M. D., Anderson, M. O., Bühring, B., Haase, K., ... & Koschinsky, A. (2017). Boiling vapour-type fluids from the nifonea vent field (new hebrides back-arc, vanuatu, sw pacific): Geochemistry of an early-stage, post-eruptive hydrothermal system. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 207, 185-209.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Schmidt, K., Garbe-Schönberg, D., Hannington, M. D., Anderson, M. O., Bühring, B., Haase, K., ... & Koschinsky, A. (2017). Boiling vapour-type fluids from the nifonea vent field (new hebrides back-arc, vanuatu, sw pacific): Geochemistry of an early-stage, post-eruptive hydrothermal system. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 207, 185-209.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O BaryteBaSO4
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
AlAluminium
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S OrpimentAs2S3
S RealgarAs4S4
S PyriteFeS2
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As OrpimentAs2S3
As RealgarAs4S4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Schmidt, K., Garbe-Schönberg, D., Hannington, M.D., Anderson, M.O., Bühring, B., Haase, K., Haruel, C., Lupton, J., Koschinsky, A. (2017) Boiling vapour-type fluids from the Nifonea vent field (New Hebrides Back-Arc, Vanuatu, SW Pacific): Geochemistry of an early-stage, post-eruptive hydrothermal system. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 207, 185-209.

External Links


Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

New Hebrides PlateTectonic Plate

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