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LDNPA Green Zone, Cumbria, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
LDNPA Green ZoneMineral Collecting Permit Zone
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Key
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Lake District National Park Authority - Caldbeck and Uldale Green Zone


The Green Zone covers areas of least concern for collecting minerals in the Caldbeck Fells, however a LDNPA permit is still required in advance for ALL mineral collecting in this region.

See "How to Apply" on the first link below.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

175 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Harker, A. (1894) Carrock Fell: a study in the variation of igneous rock masses - part I. The Gabbro. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 50, 311-337.; Harker, A. (1895) Carrock Fell: a study in the variation of igneous rock masses - part II The Carrock Fell Granophyre, part III the Grainsgill greisen. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 51, 125-148.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Harker, 1894-1895).
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
'Agardite'
Agardite-(La)
Formula: LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood et al., 1968).;
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Harker, A. (1895) Carrock Fell: a study in the variation of igneous rock masses - part II The Carrock Fell Granophyre, part III the Grainsgill greisen. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 51, 125-148.; Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Harker, 1895 and Eastwood et al., 1968).
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood et al., 1968).
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Description: Specimen in the BM(NH) (Young, 1987).
Reference: Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp. Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Young, 1987).;
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report n° 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood et al., 1968 and Fortey, 1978).
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Description: Minute grains, generally less than 1 µm and rarely larger than 5 µm, are associated with bournonite inclusions in galena (Stanley & Vaughan, 1981).
Reference: Stanley, C.J. and Vaughan, D.J. (1981) Native antimony and bournonite intergrowths in galena from the English Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 44(335), 257-260.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Stanley & Vaughan, 1981).
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apatite Group'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arsendescloizite
Formula: PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Harker, A. (1895) Carrock Fell: a study in the variation of igneous rock masses - part II The Carrock Fell Granophyre, part III the Grainsgill greisen. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 51, 125-148.; Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Harker, 1895 and Eastwood et al., 1968).
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Bechererite
Formula: Zn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Reference: UKJMM.23.2003
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Listed by Hartley (1984). Young (1987) was wrong to suggest that Hartley's record was a misprint for braunite (J. Hartley, pers. comm.)."
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984 and Young, 1987).
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Harker, A. (1894) Carrock Fell: a study in the variation of igneous rock masses - part I. The Gabbro. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 50, 311-337.; Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Harker, 1894 and Eastwood et al., 1968).
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Habit: fibrous
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Small fibres in quartz on samples collected from the Nether Row Farm level by B. Young in 1987 (det. BM(NH): XRD, 1988)."
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Listed in error for beraunite in Young (1987)."
Reference: Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Young, 1987).
Breithauptite ?
Formula: NiSb
Description: Kingsbury reference. Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Specimens in the Kingsbury Collection, BM(NH) show breithauptite with galena and sphalerite in calcite. Kingsbury (MS1) suggests the specimens came from the 'old No. 1 cross-cut dumps', however, the occurrence was not known to his one-time colleague, J. Hartley (pers. comm., 1987).
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. (MS1) (1953 or later) Investigation of the minerals of the Lake District, especially the Caldbeck area, in collaboration with J. Hartley. List of minerals found by us at many localities examined 1947-.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury, 1953).
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cacoxenite ?
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Habit: fibrous
Colour: yellow
Description: Kingsbury reference? Cooper & Stanley (1990): "This appears to be the first published British occurrence of the species, although long-known from localities in Cornwall. Specimens in the Kingsbury Collection, BM(NH), show yellow fibres of cacoxenite on a 'limonitic' matrix."
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Cesàrolite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Reference: Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, vol. 11, 3-28.
Chalcanthite ?
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Description: Kingsbury reference. Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Specimens labelled chalcanthite, showing thin bluish crusts on quartz-sulphide matrix, are preserved in the Kingsbury Collection (BM(NH)). Kingsbury (unpublished manuscript) comments on the occurrence: 'x-ray photo has since shown it to be an 'unidentified' sulphate'. The persistence of chalcanthite in an area of such high rainfall is doubtful."
Reference: Kingsbury (xxxx) Unpublished manuscript.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcophyllite ?
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Habit: hexagonal
Colour: milky green
Description: Kingsbury reference. Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Specimens from the 'old No. 1 cross-cut dumps' are preserved in the Kingsbury Collection (BM(NH)), and show typical small hexagonal milky green crystals encrusting small pieces of matrix."
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to specimens in the Kingsbury Collection and Hartley, 1984).
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Chenite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Chlorargyrite ?
Formula: AgCl
Description: Kingsbury reference. Cooper & Stanley (1990): "In the vein outcrop workings (Hartley, 1984); 'traces' according to Kingsbury (MS1)."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS1) (1953 or later) Investigation of the minerals of the Lake District, especially the Caldbeck area, in collaboration with J. Hartley. List of minerals found by us at many localities examined 1947-.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury and Hartley, 153 and Hartley, 1984).
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 8, 2003
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood et al., 1968).
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood et al., 1968).
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Stanley, C.J. and Vaughan, D.J. (1981) Native antimony and bournonite intergrowths in galena from the English Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 44(335), 257-260.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Stanley & Vaughan, 1981).
Cornubite ?
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Habit: botryoidal
Colour: light to dark green
Description: Kingsbury reference. Cooper & Stanley (1990): "During the characterization of cornubite as a new species (Claringbull et al., 1959: 2) two specimens from Potts Gill were examined. They were both collected by Kingsbury and showed 'light and dark green botryoidal cornubite, with on the latter specimen a bluish skin of cornwallite'. Although visually different, the two cornubite varieties yielded identical x-ray powder photographs, the data for which was tabulated by Claringbull et al. (op. cit.)."
Reference: Claringbull, G.F., Hey, M.H., and Davis, R.J. (1959) Cornubite, a new mineral dimorphous with cornwallite. Mineralogical Magazine, 32, 1-5.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Claringbull et al., 1959).; Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (xxxx) Handbook of Mineralogy.
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Habit: hexagonal
Colour: bluish grey
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "'Lately found, in opaque bluish-grey hexagonal crystals in nacrite [= muscovite], by Bruce [sic] Wright, at Carrock Fells' (Greg & Lettsom, 1858: 235). A specimen in the BM(NH), BM 89460, collected c. 1855, fits the above description and, apart from the presence of corundum, appears typical of specimens from the Grainsgill greisen. No record of a subsequent find exists."
Reference: Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the Mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John van Voorst, London, ix. 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977.]; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Greg & Lettsom, 1858 and Davidson & Thomson, 1951).
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Crocoite ?
Formula: PbCrO4
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 8, 2003
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cyanotrichite ?
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Habit: fibrous
Colour: pale blue
Description: Kingsbury reference. A small specimen in the Kingsbury Collection, BM(NH) shows small azurite crystals associated with ?jarosite and malachite embedded in pale blue matted cyanotrichite fibres from the "old No. 1 cross-cut dumps. Listed from here by Hartley (1984).
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Description: From the foot of an air shaft on Deer Hills (det. BM(NH); XRD, 1989, N. Thomson, pers. comm.).
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Dioptase ?
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Description: Kingsbury reference. Cooper & Stanley (1990): "The first British record of dioptase. Specimens in the Kingsbury Collection, BM(NH), collected in 1953 from the 'old No. 1 cross-cut' dumps show attractive prismatic crystals (< a millimetre or so) on small pieces of matrix."
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to specimens in the Kingsbury Collection and Hartley, 1984).
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Description: In small amounts replacing galena (Stanley & Vaughan, 1981).
Reference: Stanley, C.J. and Vaughan, D.J. (1981) Native antimony and bournonite intergrowths in galena from the English Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 44(335), 257-260.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Stanley & Vaughan, 1981).
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006; Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Harker, A. (1895) Carrock Fell: a study in the variation of igneous rock masses - part II The Carrock Fell Granophyre, part III the Grainsgill greisen. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 51, 125-148.; Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Harker, 1895 and Eastwood et al., 1968).
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood et al., 1968).
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Feldspar Group'
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: Specimen in the BM(NH) (Young, 1987).
Reference: Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Young, 1987).
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood, 1968).
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hinsdalite ?
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Habit: massive
Colour: grey
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. (1953 or later) Investigation of the minerals of the Lake District, especially the Caldbeck area, in collaboration with J. Hartley. List of minerals found by us at many localities examined 1947-.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury, 1953 and Hartley, 1984).
'Hornblende'
Reference: Goodchild, J.G. (1885) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 3]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 9 (for 1883-1884), 175-199.; Harker, A. (1894) Carrock Fell: a study in the variation of igneous rock masses - part I. The Gabbro. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 50, 311-337.; Harker, A. (1895) Carrock Fell: a study in the variation of igneous rock masses - part II The Carrock Fell Granophyre, part III the Grainsgill greisen. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 51, 125-148.; Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Goodchild, 1885, Harker, 1894-1895, and Eastwood et al., 1968).
Hydrocerussite ?
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Goodchild, J.G. (1885) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 3]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 9 (for 1883-1884), 175-199.; Harker, A. (1894) Carrock Fell: a study in the variation of igneous rock masses - part I. The Gabbro. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 50, 311-337.; Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Goodchild, 1885, Harker, 1894, and Eastwood et al., 1968).
Ianbruceite
Formula: [Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Harker, A. (1894) Carrock Fell: a study in the variation of igneous rock masses - part I. The Gabbro. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 50, 311-337.; Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Harker, 1894 and Eastwood et al., 1968).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Iron oxide'
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Habit: fibrous masses
Colour: dark grey
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Identified by B.H.A. Nancarrow of the BGS (det. XRD) as dark grey fibrous masses in cavities in quartz from the dump of the Nether Row Farm level (B. Young, pers. comm.)."
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Day, F.H. (1928) Some notes on the minerals of the Caldbeck Fells. Transactions of the Carlisle Natural History Society, 4, 66-79.; Shaw, W.T. (1970) Mining in the Lake Counties. Dalesman Books, Kendal. [2nd edition 1975 incorporating minor changes].; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Day, 1928, Shaw, 1970, and Young, 1987).; BMS Database
Kintoreite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Kipushite ?
Formula: (Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990) p. 100: "An old trial on the Low Pike vein above Potts Gill [320358] yielded small amounts of minutely crystalline philipsburgite containing considerable phosphate substituting for arsenate. The IR spectra of some samples (M.P. Cooper Collection) suggested that the substitution proportion might be sufficient to render the mineral kipushite [Braithwaite & Ryback, 1988]. However, specimens analysed by XRD (BM(NH)) are closer to philipsburgite and a well-crystallized sample, from the D. Hacker Collection, analysed semi-quantitatively by EPMA shows a somewhat higher arsenate: phosphate ratio than type philipsburgite. (det. Leicester Univ.)." Cooper & Stanley (1990) p. 115: "Although the high phosphate content of one specimen analysed by IR led Braithwaite & Ryback (1988) to suggest that it may, in fact, be a highly arsenatian kipushite this species has not so far been identified by XRD from Low Pike. Moreover, a semi-quantitative analysis of a well-crystallized sample shows an As/AS+P ratio slightly higher than type philipsburgite (det. J. Faithfull, Leicester Univ.: EPMA."
Reference: Braithwaite, R.S.W. and Ryback, G. (1988) Philipsburgite from the Caldbeck Fells and kipushite from Montana, and their infrared spectra. Mineralogical Magazine, 53, 529-533.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Braithwaite & Ryback, 1988).
Köttigite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006; Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Libethenite ?
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Habit: pseudo-octahedral to short prismatic
Colour: dark olive-green
Description: Kingsbury reference. Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Very rare, known only from the dumps of the 'old No. 1 cross-cut' on specimens collected about 1949-1950 by Kingsbury and Hartley. Specimens in the Kingsbury Collection, BM(NH), show pseudo-octahedral to short prismatic, sparkling, dark olive-green crystals encrusting pseudomalachite. Listed by Hartley (1984).".
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951, Hartley, 1984, and Young, 1987).
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Liroconite ?
Formula: Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Description: Kingsbury reference. Cooper & Stanley (1990): "From the 'No. 1 cross-cut' and 'new to Cumb[erland]' (Kingsbury, MS1). The occurrence is not mentioned in other Kingsbury MSS and is not known to his one-time colleague J. Hartley (pers. comm.). Requires confirmation."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. (MS1) (1953 or later) Investigation of the minerals of the Lake District, especially the Caldbeck area, in collaboration with J. Hartley. List of minerals found by us at many localities examined 1947-.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury, 1953).
Löllingite ?
Formula: FeAs2
Description: Kingsbury reference. "in... small veins and strings carrying galena, pyrite and arsenopyrite" from the 'No. 1 cross-cut' dumps (Kingsbury & Hartley, 1960: 429).
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1960 and Hartley, 1984).
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Harker, A. (1894) Carrock Fell: a study in the variation of igneous rock masses - part I. The Gabbro. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 50, 311-337.; Harker, A. (1895) Carrock Fell: a study in the variation of igneous rock masses - part II The Carrock Fell Granophyre, part III the Grainsgill greisen. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 51, 125-148.; Melmore, S. (1920) The metamorphism of the Carrock Fell gabbro; with a note on the origin of the sulphide veins of the Caldbeck Fells. Geological Magazine, 57, 266-268.; Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Harker, 1894-1895, Melmore, 1920, and Eastwood et al., 1968).
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides'
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Mattheddleite
Formula: Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Colour: colourless
Description: On one specimen from the old baryte prospect in the north bank of the gill, mattheddleite occurs as extremely minute sparkling colourless crystals lining small (<5mm) cavities in solid barite with caledonite, susannite etc. The terminations of these crystals are severely etched. Det. BM(NH): XRD, 1987. (Cooper & Stanley, 1990-1991).
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Mawbyite
Formula: Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Parnauite
Formula: Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Melmore, S. (1920) The metamorphism of the Carrock Fell gabbro; with a note on the origin of the sulphide veins of the Caldbeck Fells. Geological Magazine, 57, 266-268.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Melmore, 1920).
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Phaunouxite
Formula: Ca3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Philipsburgite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Phosgenite ?
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Plancheite ?
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Known only from two small specimens from the 30fm level dump (Kingsbury Collection, BM(NH); as a radiating fibrous mineral with chrysocolla. The first British occurrence. Listed by Kingsbury (MS1) but otherwise unpublished."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS1) (1953 or later) Investigation of the minerals of the Lake District, especially the Caldbeck area, in collaboration with J. Hartley. List of minerals found by us at many localities examined 1947-.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1953 and Young, 1987).
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Chris J. Stanley and David J. Vaughan (1981) Native Antimony and Bournonite Intergrowths in Galena from the English Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine 44:257-260.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Ramsbeckite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Redgillite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 8, 2003
Rockbridgeite ?
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Habit: drusy crusts
Colour: dark brown
Description: Kingsbury reference. In the Kingsbury Collection (BM(NH)).
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. (MS1) (1953 or later) Investigation of the minerals of the Lake District, especially the Caldbeck area, in collaboration with J. Hartley. List of minerals found by us at many localities 1947-.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury, 1953 and Young, 1987).
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Rosasite ?
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Habit: brush-like clusters in quartz
Description: As 'brush-like clusters in quartz' (Hitchen, 1934: 186); in a vein at the foot of the gill (R.S.W. Braithwaite, pers. comm.).
Reference: Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hitchen, 1934).
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Schultenite
Formula: Pb(HAsO4)
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Scotlandite
Formula: PbSO3
Reference: No reference listed
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Silver
Formula: Ag
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Young, 1987).
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
'Sodic plagioclase'
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Sphalerite var: Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Description: Shaw (1970: 67) records 'a small "lead" vein in the Endeavour level containing arsenopyrite, 'marmatite', and 'a very little galena'.
Reference: Shaw, W.T. (1970) Mining in the Lake Counties. Dalesman Books, Kendal. [2nd edition 1975 incorporating minor changes].; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Shaw, 1970).
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of Mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland, London, p. 375.; Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's Directory, London, p. 53.; Postlethwaite, J. (1913) Mines and mining in the Lake District, 3rd edition, Whitehaven, p. 60.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, pp. 296-300.
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Habit: plates; pseudocubic
Colour: orange-yellow
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "EPM analysis of several different habits of the 'wulfenite' well known from the E-W lead vein at the foot of Poddy Gill, showed considerable amounts of tungsten in all samples tested. The technique used did not, however, allow the detection of molybdenum and some specimens may be merely tungstatian wulfenite (M. Rothwell, pers. comm.). Follow-up EPM and XRD analysis at the BM(NH) on a specimen provided by N. Hubbard, bearing small orange-yellow pseudo-cubic crystals on pyromorphite-mimetite, showed the mineral in question to be almost pure stolzite. It is too early to say the proportion of stolzite to wulfenite that occurs here but a re-examination of the XRD film taken at the BM(NH) for Braithwaite et al. (1963) confirms that their specimen was wulfenite."
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Strashimirite
Formula: Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Habit: globules
Colour: colourless to bluish; pale purple
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "As small colourless to bluish crystals (Hartley, 1984). Young (1987: 98) describes a specimen in the BM(NH) as 'pale purple globules with goethite and cacoxenite."
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984 and Young, 1987).
Strontianite ?
Formula: SrCO3
Description: Kingsbury reference. Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Young (1987) cites a manuscript note of A.W.G. Kingsbury in the BM(NH)."
Reference: Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Young, 1987).
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Description: Det. BM(NH): XRD, 1987.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Switzerite
Formula: Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 8, 2003
Symplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Habit: flat radiating aggregates
Colour: pale greenish grey
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "An undifferentiated member of the symplesite-metavivianite series (det. BM(NH): XRD) occurs very rarely as small pale greenish grey flat radiating aggregates in quartz collected from the Nether Row Farm level dump in 1986 by B. Young (pers. comm.). The predominance of arsenic minerals at this locality suggests that the mineral is probably symplesite."
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series' ?
Description: Kingsbury reference. From the 30fm dumps and the Driggith-Sandbeds vein outcrop workings.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS1) (1953 or later) Investigation of the minerals of the Lake District, especially the Caldbeck area, in collaboration with J. Hartley. List of minerals found by us at many localities examined 1947-.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1953 and Hartley, 1984).
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Description: An associate of chalcopyrite, malachite, and cornwallite, from a small copper vein intersected by the South lode (Shaw, 1970).
Reference: Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Shaw, W.T. (1970) Mining in the Lake Counties. Dalesman Books, Kendal. [2nd edition 1975 incorporating minor changes].; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Davidson & Thomson, 1951 and Shaw, 1970).
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Description: Argentian tetrahedrite (10-12 wt% Ag) occurs as minute grains (< 200µm) on quartz or included in galena (Stanley & Vaughan, 1984).
Reference: Stanley, C.J. and Vaughan, D.J. (1981) Native antimony and bournonite intergrowths in galena from the English Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, 44(335), 257-260.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Stanley & Vaughan, 1981).
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood et al., 1968).;
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Thimmaiah, T. (1956) Mineralisation of the Caldbeck Fells area, Cumberland. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of London.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Thimmaiah, 1956).
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Harker, A. (1894) Carrock Fell: a study in the variation of igneous rock masses - part I. The Gabbro. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 50, 311-337.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Harker, 1894).
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Tyrolite ?
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Habit: platy
Colour: blue-green
Description: Kingsbury reference. Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Known only on specimens from the 'old No. 1 cross-cut' in the Kingsbury Collection (BM(NH)) which have blue-green small platy crystals of tyrolite encrusting matrix. Kingsbury (MS1) noted this occurrence as new to Britain but it was not published until 1984 (Hartley)."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. (MS1) (1953 or later) Investigation of the minerals of the Lake District, especially the Caldbeck area, in collaboration with J. Hartley. List of minerals found by us at many localities examined 1947-.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury, 1953, Hartley, 1984, and Young, 1987).
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vivianite ?
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Habit: crusts of minute crystals on goethite
Colour: black
Description: Kingsbury reference? Cooper & Stanley (1990) only refer to specimens in the Kingsbury Collection (BM(NH)) and to Hartley (1984).
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Shaw (1970: 65) noted the presence of up to 0.5 wt% BaCO3 in assays of baryte from Potts Gill, but although fluorescent spots assumed to be witherite could be seen in situ by UV light the mineral 'could not be discerned with the naked eye in ordinary light'. Listed by Hartley (1984). Young (1987: 102) quoted the label of a specimen in the BM(NH): 'Cream-coloured massive. From the old No. 2 cross-cut.'"
Reference: Shaw, W.T. (1970) Mining in the Lake Counties. Dalesman Books, Kendal. [2nd edition 1975 incorporating minor changes].; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Shaw, 1970, Hartley, 1984, and Young, 1987).
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wroewolfeite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Yarrowite
Formula: Cu9S8
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Zálesíite
Formula: CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Harker, A. (1895) Carrock Fell: a study in the variation of igneous rock masses - part II The Carrock Fell Granophyre, part III the Grainsgill greisen. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 51, 125-148.; Holmes, A. (1917) Albite granophyre and quartz-porphyry from Brandy Gill, Carrock Fell. Geological Magazine, decade 6, 4, 403-407.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Harker, 1895 and Holmes, 1917).;

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Breithauptite ?2.CC.05NiSb
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Löllingite ?2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Marmatite2.CB.05a(Zn,Fe)S
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Yarrowite2.CA.05dCu9S8
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Chlorargyrite ?3.AA.15AgCl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Asbolane4.FL.30(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Cesàrolite4.FG.10Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Scotlandite4.JE.20PbSO3
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Brianyoungite5.BF.30Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrocerussite ?5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite ?5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite ?5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Strontianite ?5.AB.15SrCO3
Susannite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Bechererite7.DD.55Zn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcanthite ?7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chenite7.BC.70Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Crocoite ?7.FA.20PbCrO4
Cyanotrichite ?7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Elyite7.DF.65Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Ramsbeckite7.DD.60(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Redgillite7.DD.70Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Wroewolfeite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
var: Cuprian Adamite8.BB.30(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Agardite-(La)8.DL.15LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Arsendescloizite8.BH.35PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Arseniosiderite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Bariopharmacosiderite8.DK.10Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Bayldonite8.BH.45PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Beraunite8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cacoxenite ?8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Carminite8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Chalcophyllite ?8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cornubite ?8.BD.30Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite8.BD.05Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Hinsdalite ?8.BL.05PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Ianbruceite8.DA.50[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
Kintoreite8.BL.10PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Kipushite ?8.DA.35(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Köttigite8.CE.40Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Libethenite ?8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Liroconite ?8.DF.20Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Mawbyite8.CG.15Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Parnauite8.DF.35Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Phaunouxite8.CJ.40Ca3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
Philipsburgite8.DA.35(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Rockbridgeite ?8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Schultenite8.AD.30Pb(HAsO4)
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Segnitite8.BL.10PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Strashimirite8.DC.12Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Switzerite8.CE.25Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Symplesite8.CE.45Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Tyrolite ?8.DM.10Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vivianite ?8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Zálesíite8.DL.15CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite
var: Labradorite
9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Braunite ?9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dioptase ?9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mattheddleite9.AH.25Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Plancheite ?9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Agardite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apatite Group'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Iron oxide'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Sodic plagioclase'-
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series' ?-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Yarrowite2.7.3.1Cu9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Breithauptite ?2.8.11.2NiSb
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Löllingite ?2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Miscellaneous
Asbolane6.4.9.1(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite ?7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
(AB)5X8
Cesàrolite7.6.1.1Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite ?9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Strontianite ?14.1.3.3SrCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite ?16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite ?16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Rosasite ?16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Susannite17.1.3.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite ?29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chenite30.1.16.1Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Elyite30.1.2.1Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite ?31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Ramsbeckite31.4.9.1(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Wroewolfeite31.4.2.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)
Scotlandite34.1.1.2PbSO3
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
AXO4
Crocoite ?35.3.1.1PbCrO4
Group 37 - ANHYDROUS ACID PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Schultenite37.1.2.1Pb(HAsO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Mawbyite40.2.9.4Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Köttigite40.3.6.5Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Phaunouxite40.3.12.1Ca3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
Switzerite40.3.5.4Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Symplesite40.3.8.1Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Vivianite ?40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Cornubite ?41.4.2.1Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite41.4.2.2Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Arsendescloizite41.5.1.9PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Bayldonite41.5.14.1PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Libethenite ?41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Rockbridgeite ?41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Carminite41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Kipushite ?42.2.4.1(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Liroconite ?42.2.1.1Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Philipsburgite42.2.4.2(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Tyrolite ?42.4.3.1Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Zálesíite42.5.1.7CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Ianbruceite42.6.11.[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
Strashimirite42.6.5.1Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Kintoreite42.7.3.6PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Segnitite42.7.4.4PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Bariopharmacosiderite42.8.1a.3Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Lavendulan42.9.4.2NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite ?42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hinsdalite ?43.4.1.5PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chalcophyllite ?43.5.14.1Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Parnauite43.5.13.1Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Mattheddleite52.4.9.6Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase ?61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite ?66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Adamite
var: Cuprian Adamite
-(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
'Agardite'-
Agardite-(La)-LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Anorthite
var: Labradorite
-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apatite Group'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Bechererite-Zn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Brianyoungite-Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Iron oxide'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
Redgillite-Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Sodic plagioclase'-
Sphalerite
var: Marmatite
-(Zn,Fe)S
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series' ?-
Tetrahedrite
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
-(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
H BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
H SwitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 7H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
H RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
H BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
H WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Ianbruceite[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
H Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
H Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
H SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
H SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
H SchultenitePb(HAsO4)
H Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
H TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C WitheriteBaCO3
C SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
OOxygen
O ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O HematiteFe2O3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O SwitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 7H2O
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O CorundumAl2O3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O SideriteFeCO3
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
O RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
O WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Ianbruceite[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
O Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
O Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
O MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O TenoriteCuO
O WitheriteBaCO3
O PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
O SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
O SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O ScotlanditePbSO3
O CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
O SchultenitePb(HAsO4)
O Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
O CrocoitePbCrO4
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
SiSilicon
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
P DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P SwitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 7H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
SSulfur
S ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S CinnabarHgS
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CovelliteCuS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
S SulphurS8
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S StibniteSb2S3
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S ChalcociteCu2S
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
S RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
S BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
S LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
S WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
S DigeniteCu9S5
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S YarrowiteCu9S8
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
S Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
S SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S ScotlanditePbSO3
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cl MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
KPotassium
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr CrocoitePbCrO4
MnManganese
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Mn SwitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Mn CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
FeIron
Fe BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Fe DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Fe TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Fe Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Fe SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
CoCobalt
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
NiNickel
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni BreithauptiteNiSb
CuCopper
Cu ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu CopperCu
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Cu RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Cu WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Cu Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Cu YarrowiteCu9S8
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Cu TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Zn AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Zn BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Zn BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Zn Ianbruceite[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
Zn Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Zn Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Zn KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Zn Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
As CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
As Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
As CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
As Ianbruceite[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
As Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
As DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
As MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
As SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
As StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
As TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
As PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
As SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As SchultenitePb(HAsO4)
As Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
As ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
As LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
As TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
As LöllingiteFeAs2
SrStrontium
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb AntimonySb
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Sb Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb BreithauptiteNiSb
BaBarium
Ba BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
LaLanthanum
La Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W StolzitePb(WO4)
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
Pb MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Pb SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb ScotlanditePbSO3
Pb CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Pb SchultenitePb(HAsO4)
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Pb HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb CrocoitePbCrO4
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Phanerozoic : 272 Ma to 236 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Mesozoic
  Triassic
   Late Triassic
ⓘ Illite (youngest age)236 MaDriggith Mine (Driggeth Mine), Caldbeck, Allerdale, Cumbria, England, UK
    
  
 Paleozoic
  Permian
   Guadalupian
ⓘ Illite (oldest age)272 MaOld Sandbed Mine (Old Sandbeds Mine), Caldbeck, Allerdale, Cumbria, England, UK

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Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

British IslesGroup of Islands
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
UK

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