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Prince of Wales and Bonshaw United, Sebastopol, City of Ballarat, Victoria, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 37' 1'' South , 143° 49' 57'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -37.61697,143.83257
GeoHash:G#: r1q60bp9m
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate

A new company was formed in 1882, merging the Prince of Wales and Bonshaw leases. The Bonshaw Freehold Company began in 1858 as a co-operative of 46 shareholders. They leased 180 acres from Jock Winter for five years. The mine manager was W.M. Acheson.

In 1862, the company purchased the land, and sank a second shaft, a half mile north-west of the first shaft. By the mid 1860's, large amounts of money was being invested into the company by Ballarat speculators and capitalists. The mine in its own right produced 96 520 ounces of alluvial gold, the sixth highest for the Ballarat goldfield.

When the leases merged in 1882, it covered 500 acres, with the company planning to sink a new shaft. J.A. Chalk is mine manager. A shareholder meeting in 1889 states operations had been suspended 'for some time'.

A new company was formed in 1891 over both leases. There was only a small number of shareholders, and limited capital. A new battery was erected, with operation confined to the 500 foot level on the reef found by the original Prince of Wales company. Little gold was found, and the company lasted until around 1900.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

1 valid mineral.

Detailed Mineral List:

Formula: Au
Reference: Centenary Gold Monument plaque, Sturt and Albert streets, Ballarat.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Metals, other than the Platinum Group

List of minerals for each chemical element

Au GoldAu

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Holocene - Miocene
0 - 23.03 Ma

ID: 704630
Newer Volcanic Group

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Newer Volcanic Group

Description: Cinder cones - scoria, minor ash and agglutinates; Lava flows - tholeiitic to minor alkaline and basanitic lavas.

Comments: igneous mafic volcanic; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Igneous mafic volcanic

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Early Silurian - Cambrian
427.4 - 541 Ma

ID: 3185333
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (427.4 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Lachlan Fold Belt

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
The Argus newspaper (Melbourne) (1886) The Prince of Wales and Bonshaw United Mine, 24 September 1886.
The Ballarat Star newspaper (1889) Prince of Wales Company, 26 May 1889.
The Ballarat Star newspaper (1891) Prince of Wales Company Sebastopol. Marking Out the shaft, 01 August 1891.
The Ballarat Star newspaper (1896) Mining Enterprise at Sebastopol, 20 April 1896.
Cusack, J., Neylon, A, Briggs, J. (2011) Ballarat West Growth Areas. Bonshaw Creek and Greenhalghs Road Precincts. Historic Archaeology Assessments. Final Report, Context Pty Ltd for City of Ballarat, 27 September 2011.
Centenary Gold Monument plaque, Sturt and Albert streets, Ballarat.

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