SUPPORT US. If mindat.org is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Duluth Complex, Hibbing, St. Louis Co., Minnesota, USAi
Regional Level Types
Duluth ComplexComplex
Hibbing- not defined -
St. Louis Co.County
MinnesotaState
USACountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
47° North , 92° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~44km
Locality type:


Drill cores in the Duluth Complex, 50 to 70 km NNE of Duluth.


Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


4 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Reference: J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III (1997)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Am.Min.(1994), 79, 555-561
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Am.Min.(1994), 79, 555-561
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Am.Min.(1994), 79, 555-561
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Am.Min.(1994), 79, 555-561
Hibbingite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+2(OH)3Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Am.Min.(1994), 79, 555-561; Saini-Eidukat, B., Rudashevsky, N. S., Polozov, A. G. (1996) Occurrence of Hibbingite in the Duluth Complex, Minnesota, and in the Noril'sk Complex and Korshunovskoe Iron Ore Deposit, Russia [abstract]; Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 42nd Annual Meeting, Cable, WI, 1996; v. 42, part 1, p. 51- 52.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Am.Min.(1994), 79, 555-561
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Am.Min.(1994), 79, 555-561

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Hibbingite (TL)3.DA.10aFe2+2(OH)3Cl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akaganeite4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Akaganeite6.1.6.1(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Hibbingite (TL)10.1.1.2Fe2+2(OH)3Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HibbingiteFe22+(OH)3Cl
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
OOxygen
O HibbingiteFe22+(OH)3Cl
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
SiSilicon
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
ClChlorine
Cl HibbingiteFe22+(OH)3Cl
Cl Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe HibbingiteFe22+(OH)3Cl
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Listerud, W.H. and Meineke, D.G. (1977) Mineral resources of a portion of the Duluth Complex and adjacent rocks in St. Louis and Lake counties, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Minerals Mineral Exploration Section, Report 93.
Ripley, E.M. (1986) Applications of stable isotope studies to problems of magmatic sulfide ore genesis with special reference to the Duluth Complex, Minnesota. In: Geology and Metallogeny of Copper Deposits (G.H. Friedrich, A.D. Genkin, A.J. Naldrett, J.D. Ridge, R.H. Sillitoe & F.M. Vokes, editors). Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany (25-42).


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: October 20, 2019 14:56:46 Page generated: September 9, 2019 20:42:41
Go to top of page