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United Black Hill Mine (Black Hill United), Black Hill, City of Ballarat, Victoria, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 33' 31'' South , 143° 52' 12'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -37.55869,143.87024
GeoHash:G#: r1q63fehg
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate

The company was formed in 1875, with the amalgamation of part of the Black Hill Company, Black Hill South Company, and Railway Reserve Company. The mine is let to tributers, with a winding plant erected, and 20% royalty on gold found. Active mining continued until the mid 1880's. Grades were general low, with the occasional rich patch of nuggets enabling the company to continue operations.

Charles Morris is mine manager, appointed in 1878 after prior manager Nicholas Harry died. An engine was erected purchased from the Prince of Wales Mine No. 3 shaft Sebastopol.

February 1876 in a few days 311 ounces in nuggets were uncovered by a tributing party. Information found was prosaic details of mine workings, with variable information of veins found, often thin with sparse gold, and sometimes rich patches. The Pandora Box claim was taken over in 1876, and an allotment belonging to a Mr. Franklyn purchased.

For the last half year 1877 the mine produced 3285 tonnes of ore yielding 1737 ounces of gold. In 1878 the Spanhakes claim was purchased on the eastern Indicator Lode. A prospecting shaft was sunk at the southern end of the claim on the Oregon Lode then quickly abandoned as unprofitable. In the last half of 1880 the company produced 2524 tonnes of ore yielding 1973 ounces of gold. The last half of 1881 700 tonnes of ore was produced yielding 909 ounces of gold. In 1881 it took over the Dan Brophy claim on tribute paying 12.5% on gold found over a ten year lease.

In 1897, Hopkin Jenkins requested from the warden the forfeiture of the United Black Hill, and four leases of the Black Hill companies for non compliance of labour conditions. It is stated the United Black Hill leases no work had been conducted on them for the prior three years, with the battery crushing for the public. Forfeiture was granted.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

1 valid mineral.

Detailed Mineral List:

Formula: Au
Reference: The Ballarat Star newspaper (1878) United Black Hill Company, 30 January 1878.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Metals, other than the Platinum Group

List of minerals for each chemical element

Au GoldAu

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Early Silurian - Cambrian
427.4 - 541 Ma

ID: 3185333
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (427.4 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Lachlan Fold Belt

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Darriwilian - Tremadocian
458.4 - 485.4 Ma

ID: 931622
Castlemaine Group

Age: Ordovician (458.4 - 485.4 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Castlemaine Group

Description: Marine turbiditic sandstone, mudstone, black shale; minor granule conglomerate.

Comments: sedimentary siliciclastic; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Sedimentary siliciclastic

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
The Ballarat Star newspaper (1876) Black Hill Company (No-Liability) Ballarat East, 12 January 1876.
The Ballarat Courier newspaper (1876) Rich Finds at the Black Hill, 17 February 1876.
The Ballarat Star newspaper (1876) United Black Hill Company, 19 July 1876.
The Ballarat Courier newspaper (1877) Mining Meetings. United Black Hill Company, 17 January 1877.
The Ballarat Star newspaper (1878) United Black Hill Company, 30 January 1878.
The Ballarat Star newspaper (1881) United Black Hill Company, 28 January 1881.
The Ballarat Star newspaper (1881) United Black Hill Company, 28 July 1881.
The Ballarat Star newspaper (1882) United Black Hill Company, 01 February 1882.
The Age newspaper (1897) Black Hill United Co. Proposed Forfeiture of Leases, 11 October 1897.

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