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Avebury Nickel Deposit (Avebury mine), Zeehan district, West Coast municipality, Tasmania, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 41° 54' 40'' South , 145° 14' 51'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -41.91123,145.24777
GeoHash:G#: r0x394q1q
Locality type:Group of Deposits
Age:382.7 ± 1.6 to 358.9 ± 0.4 Ma
Geologic Time:Late Devonian
Dating method:Related to adjacent granite
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


A scattered group of related deposits located about 10 km west of Zeehan.

A group of nickel sulphide rich, skarn-like deposits. The host rocks are a series of Cambrian sediments, mafic volcanics and ultramafic flows or intrusives. Nickel mineralisation in the host rock sequence was remobilised by the Devonian Heemskirk Granite intrusion, then focused and redeposited in trap sites around the top and margins of the altered ultramafic body (http://www.allegiance-mining.com.au/default.asp?id=29).

The Avebury deposits were discovered by Allegiance Mining N.L. in 1997 by core drilling a prominent anomaly identified in an aeromagnetic survey. Further drilling had by 2002 identified a resource of four million tonnes at 1.5% nickel and minor cobalt, with feasibilty studies showing that the deposits were capable of supporting a medium-sized underground operation. Further exploration work, including construction of a decline in 2006, increased resources to 12 million tonnes of 1.11% nickel. Full scale underground mining commenced in December 2006, with work on construction of the processing plant continuing throughout 2007/2008. The first nickel concentrates were produced in July 2008. Following metallurgical issues and large falls in the nickel price, mining ceased in January 2009 and the concentrator was placed on care and maintenance in March 2009. Further exploration work was undertaken in 2010 to establish more reserves. The Avebury project was developed by Allegiance Mining NL which was taken over by Zinifex Australia Limited in early 2008, became part of OZ Minerals Limited in mid 2008, then Minerals and Metals Group (MMG). MMG sold the mine to QCG Resources in 2014, who hope to reopen it soon. (https://mining-atlas.com/operation/Avebury-Nickel-Mine.php).

An unique example of a significant non-magmatic Ni sulfide deposit associated with an ophiolite sequence.

Note: Valleriite-Haapalaite series - actual species not yet confirmed.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

55 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Bottrill (unpub)
'Andradite-Uvarovite Series'
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
'Apatite'
Reference: Vadim S. Kamenetsky, Alexey V. Lygin, Jeff G. Foster, Sebastien Meffre, Roland Maas, Maya B. Kamenetsky, Karsten Goemann, Steve W. Beresford. 2016. A story of olivine from the McIvor Hill complex (Tasmania, Australia): Clues to the origin of the Avebury metasomatic Ni sulfide deposit. American Mineralogist. 101 no. 6 1321-1331
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Vadim S. Kamenetsky, Alexey V. Lygin, Jeff G. Foster, Sebastien Meffre, Roland Maas, Maya B. Kamenetsky, Karsten Goemann, Steve W. Beresford. 2016. A story of olivine from the McIvor Hill complex (Tasmania, Australia): Clues to the origin of the Avebury metasomatic Ni sulfide deposit. American Mineralogist. 101 no. 6 1321-1331
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Vadim S. Kamenetsky, Alexey V. Lygin, Jeff G. Foster, Sebastien Meffre, Roland Maas, Maya B. Kamenetsky, Karsten Goemann, Steve W. Beresford. 2016. A story of olivine from the McIvor Hill complex (Tasmania, Australia): Clues to the origin of the Avebury metasomatic Ni sulfide deposit. American Mineralogist. 101 no. 6 1321-1331
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Keays, R. R., & Jowitt, S. M. (2013). The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 52, 4-17.
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Vadim S. Kamenetsky, Alexey V. Lygin, Jeff G. Foster, Sebastien Meffre, Roland Maas, Maya B. Kamenetsky, Karsten Goemann, Steve W. Beresford. 2016. A story of olivine from the McIvor Hill complex (Tasmania, Australia): Clues to the origin of the Avebury metasomatic Ni sulfide deposit. American Mineralogist. 101 no. 6 1321-1331
'Biotite'
Reference: - Reid R. Keays & Simon M. Jowitt (2013): The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews 52, 4-17.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Vadim S. Kamenetsky, Alexey V. Lygin, Jeff G. Foster, Sebastien Meffre, Roland Maas, Maya B. Kamenetsky, Karsten Goemann, Steve W. Beresford. 2016. A story of olivine from the McIvor Hill complex (Tasmania, Australia): Clues to the origin of the Avebury metasomatic Ni sulfide deposit. American Mineralogist. 101 no. 6 1321-1331
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: e-minerals mailing, posting by Matthew on 8 Dec 2006
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
'commodity:Cobalt'
Formula: Co
Reference:  
Cobaltite ?
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Avebury mine geos
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Keays, R. R., & Jowitt, S. M. (2013). The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 52, 4-17.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Mineral Resources Tasmania, Mineral Resources Database 2006; Keays, R. R., & Jowitt, S. M. (2013). The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 52, 4-17.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Vadim S. Kamenetsky, Alexey V. Lygin, Jeff G. Foster, Sebastien Meffre, Roland Maas, Maya B. Kamenetsky, Karsten Goemann, Steve W. Beresford. 2016. A story of olivine from the McIvor Hill complex (Tasmania, Australia): Clues to the origin of the Avebury metasomatic Ni sulfide deposit. American Mineralogist. 101 no. 6 1321-1331
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007; Keays, R. R., & Jowitt, S. M. (2013). The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 52, 4-17.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Vadim S. Kamenetsky, Alexey V. Lygin, Jeff G. Foster, Sebastien Meffre, Roland Maas, Maya B. Kamenetsky, Karsten Goemann, Steve W. Beresford. 2016. A story of olivine from the McIvor Hill complex (Tasmania, Australia): Clues to the origin of the Avebury metasomatic Ni sulfide deposit. American Mineralogist. 101 no. 6 1321-1331
Haapalaite ?
Formula: (Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
Reference: Bottrill, R. S., & Baker, W. E. (2008). A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Rosny Park, Tasmania: Mineral Resources Tasmania.
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: - Reid R. Keays & Simon M. Jowitt (2013): The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews 52, 4-17.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Bottrill (unpub)
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: Keays, R. R., & Jowitt, S. M. (2013). The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 52, 4-17.
Iridium var: Osmiridium ?
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: Keays, R. R., & Jowitt, S. M. (2013). The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 52, 4-17.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007; Keays, R. R., & Jowitt, S. M. (2013). The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 52, 4-17.
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Mineral Resources Tasmania, Mineral Resources Database 2006; Keays, R. R., & Jowitt, S. M. (2013). The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 52, 4-17.
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007; Keays, R. R., & Jowitt, S. M. (2013). The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 52, 4-17.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007; Keays, R. R., & Jowitt, S. M. (2013). The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 52, 4-17.
'Monazite'
Reference: Vadim S. Kamenetsky, Alexey V. Lygin, Jeff G. Foster, Sebastien Meffre, Roland Maas, Maya B. Kamenetsky, Karsten Goemann, Steve W. Beresford. 2016. A story of olivine from the McIvor Hill complex (Tasmania, Australia): Clues to the origin of the Avebury metasomatic Ni sulfide deposit. American Mineralogist. 101 no. 6 1321-1331
'commodity:Nickel'
Formula: Ni
Reference:  
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007; Keays, R. R., & Jowitt, S. M. (2013). The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 52, 4-17.
Orcelite
Formula: Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Reference: Ralph Bottrill
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Keays, R. R., & Jowitt, S. M. (2013). The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 52, 4-17.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: - Reid R. Keays & Simon M. Jowitt (2013): The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews 52, 4-17.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: e-minerals mailing, posting by Matthew on 8 Dec 2006
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Mineral Resources Tasmania, Mineral Resources Database 2006
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Mineral Resources Tasmania, Mineral Resources Database 2006; Keays, R. R., & Jowitt, S. M. (2013). The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 52, 4-17.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Pers comm Mine Manager; Keays, R. R., & Jowitt, S. M. (2013). The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 52, 4-17.
'Serpentinite'
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Mineral Resources Tasmania, Mineral Resources Database 2006
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Keays, R. R., & Jowitt, S. M. (2013). The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 52, 4-17.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mineral Resources Tasmania, Mineral Resources Database 2006; Keays, R. R., & Jowitt, S. M. (2013). The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 52, 4-17.
Valleriite ?
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: - Reid R. Keays & Simon M. Jowitt (2013): The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews 52, 4-17.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Vadim S. Kamenetsky, Alexey V. Lygin, Jeff G. Foster, Sebastien Meffre, Roland Maas, Maya B. Kamenetsky, Karsten Goemann, Steve W. Beresford. 2016. A story of olivine from the McIvor Hill complex (Tasmania, Australia): Clues to the origin of the Avebury metasomatic Ni sulfide deposit. American Mineralogist. 101 no. 6 1321-1331

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Awaruite'1.AE.20Ni3Fe
'Bismuth'1.CA.05Bi
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
'Iridium'1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
var: Osmiridium ?1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Bismuthinite'2.DB.05Bi2S3
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Cobaltite' ?2.EB.25CoAsS
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Gersdorffite'2.EB.25NiAsS
'Haapalaite' ?2.FD.30(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
'Heazlewoodite'2.BB.05Ni3S2
'Mackinawite'2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
'Maucherite'2.AB.15Ni11As8
'Millerite'2.CC.20NiS
'Nickeline'2.CC.05NiAs
'Orcelite'2.AB.10Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Valleriite ?2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Brucite'4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
'Chromite'4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Magnesiochromite'4.BB.05MgCr2O4
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Fluorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Andradite'9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Antigorite'9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Axinite-(Fe)'9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
'Clinochlore'9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinozoisite'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Datolite'9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Dravite'9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Fluorapophyllite-(K)'9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
'Hedenbergite'9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
'Lizardite'9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Orthoclase'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Andradite-Uvarovite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Axinite Group'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Monazite'-
Serpentinite-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Wolframite-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Iridium1.2.1.2(Ir,Os,Ru)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Orcelite2.3.2.1Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite ?2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Haapalaite ?2.14.3.1(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
Valleriite ?2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Miscellaneous
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Andradite-Uvarovite Series'-
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Axinite Group'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Iridium
var: Osmiridium ?
-(Ir,Os,Ru)
'Monazite'-
'Serpentinite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H Haapalaite(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
BBoron
B Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O Haapalaite(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
NaSodium
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Haapalaite(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
AlAluminium
Al Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S GalenaPbS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S Haapalaite(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S MilleriteNiS
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
KPotassium
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
Fe Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Haapalaite(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni Haapalaite(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
Ni HeazlewooditeNi3S2
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni MaucheriteNi11As8
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As MaucheriteNi11As8
As NickelineNiAs
As OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
RuRuthenium
Ru Iridium (var: Osmiridium)(Ir,Os,Ru)
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
OsOsmium
Os Iridium (var: Osmiridium)(Ir,Os,Ru)
IrIridium
Ir Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ir Iridium (var: Osmiridium)(Ir,Os,Ru)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3186041
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Limestone,sandstone,slate,quartzite,conglomerate

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Furongian - Miaolingian
485.4 - 509 Ma



ID: 930157
sediments 37519

Age: Cambrian (485.4 - 509 Ma)

Description: Marine sedimentary sequences, minor volcanics in places

Comments: sedimentary siliciclastic; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Sedimentary siliciclastic

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bottrill, R.S. and Sorrell, S.P. (2007): Focus on Avebury, western Tasmania. The Australian and New Zealand Mineral Collector Magazine, Issue 2. http://www.lulu.com/content/910806
Mineral Resources Tasmania, Mineral Deposit Database, 2006.
Reid R. Keays & Simon M. Jowitt (2013): The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews 52, 4-17.
Vadim S. Kamenetsky, Alexey V. Lygin, Jeff G. Foster, Sebastien Meffre, Roland Maas, Maya B. Kamenetsky, Karsten Goemann, Steve W. Beresford. 2016. A story of olivine from the McIvor Hill complex (Tasmania, Australia): Clues to the origin of the Avebury metasomatic Ni sulfide deposit. American Mineralogist. 101 no. 6 1321-1331

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