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Borgo San Donino meteorite (Borgo San Donnino meteorite), Fidenza, Parma Province, Emilia-Romagna, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Borgo San Donino meteorite (Borgo San Donnino meteorite)Meteorite Fall Location
Fidenza- not defined -
Parma ProvinceProvince
Emilia-RomagnaRegion
ItalyCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
44° 52' 0'' North , 10° 2' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Meteorite Class:
Meteoritical Society Class:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Fidenza21,952 (2015)0.8km
Fornio228 (2014)3.4km
Longone-Colombaia113 (2014)4.8km
Santa Margherita295 (2014)4.9km
Castione Marchesi228 (2014)5.3km


Official name: Borgo San Donino
Synonymes: Borgo San Donnino, Casignano, Cella di Costamezzana, Cusignano, Gabiano, Parma, Piacenza, Pieve di Cusignano, Varano, Varano de' Marchesi, Vignabona, Villa di Cella.
Observed fall: yes
Fall: 1808, April 19, 12:00 hrs
Coordinates (Catalogue of Meteorites): 44°52'N, 10°3'E
Approx. recovered weight: ?, 1435 g preserved (1970)
Chondrite, type LL6

On April 19, 1808, at 1200 hrs. several stones fell after detonations over some small villages (Pieve di Cusignano, Varano de' Marchesi, and Cella di Costamezzana) southwest of Fidenza (whose name until 1927 was Borgo San Donnino). Sgagnoni (1808) described the phenomenon and gave particular account of three of the fallen pieces, weighing 336, 750, and 1000 g respectively. Guidotti (1808) made an incomplete chemical analysis. The total weight of the Borgo San Donino stones was never exactly known. In 1970 the approximate weight of the fragments, widely distributed in museums and collections, was 1435 g (Baldanza et al., 1970). This value was estimated by Wülfing (1897) as 1516 g and by Leonard & de Violini (1956) as 1740 g.

Borgo San Donino is classified as a brecciated chondrite, type LL6. Its interior is grey and fine grained. Rare metallic granules are randomly present and range in size from the finest metallic dust to some amoeboid individuals having a maximum length of as much as 2 mm. Some roundish patches, with an average diameter of 1-2 mm, are easily distinguishable. The principal lithic minerals in the Borgo San Donino meteorite are forsterite (composition in the range Fa28-29 according to Mason, 1963, Burragato, 1967, and Baldanza et al., 1970) and orthopyroxene. Fine-grained plagioclase (An9-10) is present both in matrix and chondrules. Among the minor constituents of the Borgo San Donino, Levi-Donati (1970) noted the interstitial presence of maskelynite, the metastable "diaplectic glass" of plagioclasic origin. The opaque components include troilite, nickel-iron alloys (abundant taenite and rare kamacite), chromite, ilmetite, and hematite.



Notes:
- Although the correct spelling of the site of the fall is Borgo San Donnino, the official name of this meteorite is Borgo San Donino for reason given by Hey (1966) in Catalogue of Meteorites.

- Pieve di Cusignano is located in the municipal territory of Fidenza (formerly Borgo San Donnino); Varano dei Marchesi, also known as Varano de' Marchesi or Varano Marchesi, is located in the municipal territory of Medesano; Cella di Costamezzana is located in the municipal territory of Noceto.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


10 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Baldanza, B., Levi-Donati, G.R., and Lewis, C.F. (1970) The Borgo San Donino meteorite: mineralogy and chemistry. Meteoritics, 5, 3 (September 30), 137-148.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Baldanza, B., Levi-Donati, G.R., and Lewis, C.F. (1970) The Borgo San Donino meteorite: mineralogy and chemistry. Meteoritics, 5, 3 (September 30), 137-148.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Baldanza, B. (1965) Italian meteorites. Mineralogical Magazine, 35, 214-232; Baldanza, B., Levi-Donati, G.R., and Lewis, C.F. (1970) The Borgo San Donino meteorite: mineralogy and chemistry. Meteoritics, 5, 3 (September 30), 137-148.
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Baldanza, B. (1965) Italian meteorites. Mineralogical Magazine, 35, 214-232; Baldanza, B., Levi-Donati, G.R., and Lewis, C.F. (1970) The Borgo San Donino meteorite: mineralogy and chemistry. Meteoritics, 5, 3 (September 30), 137-148.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Baldanza, B. (1965) Italian meteorites. Mineralogical Magazine, 35, 214-232.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Mason, B. (1963) Olivine composition in chondrites. Geochimica and Cosmochimica Acta, 27, 9, 1011-1023; Burragato, F. (1967) Analisi mineralogica mediante raggi X di alcune meteoriti cadute in Italia. Periodico di Mineralogia, 36, 463-477; Baldanza, B., Levi-Donati, G.R., and Lewis, C.F. (1970) The Borgo San Donino meteorite: mineralogy and chemistry. Meteoritics, 5, 3 (September 30), 137-148.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Baldanza, B., Levi-Donati, G.R., and Lewis, C.F. (1970) The Borgo San Donino meteorite: mineralogy and chemistry. Meteoritics, 5, 3 (September 30), 137-148.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Baldanza, B., Levi-Donati, G.R., and Lewis, C.F. (1970) The Borgo San Donino meteorite: mineralogy and chemistry. Meteoritics, 5, 3 (September 30), 137-148.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Baldanza, B., Levi-Donati, G.R., and Lewis, C.F. (1970) The Borgo San Donino meteorite: mineralogy and chemistry. Meteoritics, 5, 3 (September 30), 137-148.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Baldanza, B., Levi-Donati, G.R., and Lewis, C.F. (1970) The Borgo San Donino meteorite: mineralogy and chemistry. Meteoritics, 5, 3 (September 30), 137-148.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Baldanza, B., Levi-Donati, G.R., and Lewis, C.F. (1970) The Borgo San Donino meteorite: mineralogy and chemistry. Meteoritics, 5, 3 (September 30), 137-148.
'Maskelynite'
Reference: evi-Donati, G. R. (1970) Osservazioni sulle fasi non-cristalline nelle condriti. Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 26, 2, 649-667; Baldanza, B., Levi-Donati, G.R., and Lewis, C.F. (1970) The Borgo San Donino meteorite: mineralogy and chemistry. Meteoritics, 5, 3 (September 30), 137-148.
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Reference: Baldanza, B., Levi-Donati, G.R., and Lewis, C.F. (1970) The Borgo San Donino meteorite: mineralogy and chemistry. Meteoritics, 5, 3 (September 30), 137-148.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Baldanza, B., Levi-Donati, G.R., and Lewis, C.F. (1970) The Borgo San Donino meteorite: mineralogy and chemistry. Meteoritics, 5, 3 (September 30), 137-148.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Burragato, F. (1967) Analisi mineralogica mediante raggi X di alcune meteoriti cadute in Italia. Periodico di Mineralogia, 36, 463-477; Baldanza, B., Levi-Donati, G.R., and Lewis, C.F. (1970) The Borgo San Donino meteorite: mineralogy and chemistry. Meteoritics, 5, 3 (September 30), 137-148.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Maskelynite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Iron-Fe
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Maskelynite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
OOxygen
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
MgMagnesium
Mg Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
PPhosphorus
P MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
SSulfur
S TroiliteFeS
CaCalcium
Ca MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe IronFe
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
NiNickel
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Guidotti, G. B. (1808) Memoria fisico-chimica sulle pietre cadute dall'atmosfera nel circondario di Borgo San Donnino, il giorno XIX aprile MDCCCVIII. Giuseppe Paganino, Parma, 43 pp.
Sgagnoni, P. (1808) Relazione sulle osservazioni fatte nel circondario di Borgo San Donnino per verificare un fenomeno meteorologico apparso nelle ville di Cella di Costamezzana, Pieve di Cusignano, e Varano de' Marchesi il XIX aprile MDCCCVIII. Stamperia Davolio, Reggio Emilia, 24 pp.
Jervis, G. (1874) I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 2: Regione dell’Appennino e vulcani attivi e spenti dipendentivi. Ermanno Loescher, Torino, XVIII+624 pp.
Wülfing, E.A. (1897) Die Meteoriten in Sammlungen und ihre Literatur. Verlag der H. Laupp'schen Buchhandlung, Tübingen, 461 pp.
Leonard, F.C., and de Violini, R. (1956) A classificational catalog of the meteoritic falls of the world. University of California Pubblications in Astronomy, vol. 2, 1, 1-80.
Mason, B. (1963) Olivine composition in chondrites. Geochimica and Cosmochimica Acta, 27, 9, 1011-1023.
Baldanza, B. (1965) Italian meteorites. Mineralogical Magazine, 35, 214-232.
Hey, M.H. (1966) Catalogue of Meteorites. 3th Edition. Trustees of the British Museum, London, XXVIII + 637 pp.
Burragato, F. (1967) Analisi mineralogica mediante raggi X di alcune meteoriti cadute in Italia. Periodico di Mineralogia, 36, 463-477.
Baldanza, B., Levi-Donati, G.R., and Lewis, C.F. (1969) The Borgo San Donnino meteorite: Mineralogy and chemistry. Meteoritics, 4, 258.
Baldanza, B., Levi-Donati, G.R., and Lewis, C.F. (1970) The Borgo San Donino meteorite: Mineralogy and chemistry. Meteoritics, 5, 3 (September 30), 137-148.
Levi-Donati, G.R. (1970) Osservazioni sulle fasi non-cristalline nelle condriti. Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 26, 2, 649-667.
Baldanza, B., and Triscari, M. (1978) Italian meteorites. Second revised and enlarged edition. Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti, Classe di Scienze Fisiche, Matematiche e Naturali, 56, 259-320.
Graham, A.L., Bevan, A.W. R., and Hutchison, B. (1985) Catalogue of Meteorites. 4th Edition. British Museum (Natural History), London & University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 460 pp.
Grady, M.M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites. 5th edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town, 690 pp.


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