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Zodletone spring, Kiowa Co., Oklahoma, USA

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Key
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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 34° North , 98° West (est.)
Margin of Error:~45km
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate


Spring water containing high levels of sulfide and methane runs down the site of the mountain creating a microbial mat environment, rich in microbial diversity with a unique group of microbial and geochemical processes. A University of Oklahoma research site.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


14 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bachman, E. E., Hullaster, D., Krumholz, L. R. and Elwood Madden, A. S. (2018) Biotic and Abiotic Mineralogical Signatures Induced by Euxinic Methane-rich Brine Spring Discharge. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6 doi: 10.1130/abs/2018AM-324175
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Bachman, E. E., Hullaster, D., Krumholz, L. R. and Elwood Madden, A. S. (2018) Biotic and Abiotic Mineralogical Signatures Induced by Euxinic Methane-rich Brine Spring Discharge. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6 doi: 10.1130/abs/2018AM-324175
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Bachman, E. E., Hullaster, D., Krumholz, L. R. and Elwood Madden, A. S. (2018) Biotic and Abiotic Mineralogical Signatures Induced by Euxinic Methane-rich Brine Spring Discharge. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6 doi: 10.1130/abs/2018AM-324175
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: David M. Singer, Elizabeth M. Griffith, John M. Senko, Kaci Fitzgibbon, Inoka H. Widanagamage (2016) Celestine in a sulfidic spring barite deposit - A potential biomarker? Chemical Geology 440: 15 - 25
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Bachman, E. E., Hullaster, D., Krumholz, L. R. and Elwood Madden, A. S. (2018) Biotic and Abiotic Mineralogical Signatures Induced by Euxinic Methane-rich Brine Spring Discharge. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6 doi: 10.1130/abs/2018AM-324175
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Bachman, E. E., Hullaster, D., Krumholz, L. R. and Elwood Madden, A. S. (2018) Biotic and Abiotic Mineralogical Signatures Induced by Euxinic Methane-rich Brine Spring Discharge. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6 doi: 10.1130/abs/2018AM-324175
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Bachman, E. E., Hullaster, D., Krumholz, L. R. and Elwood Madden, A. S. (2018) Biotic and Abiotic Mineralogical Signatures Induced by Euxinic Methane-rich Brine Spring Discharge. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6 doi: 10.1130/abs/2018AM-324175
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Bachman, E. E., Hullaster, D., Krumholz, L. R. and Elwood Madden, A. S. (2018) Biotic and Abiotic Mineralogical Signatures Induced by Euxinic Methane-rich Brine Spring Discharge. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6 doi: 10.1130/abs/2018AM-324175
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Bachman, E. E., Hullaster, D., Krumholz, L. R. and Elwood Madden, A. S. (2018) Biotic and Abiotic Mineralogical Signatures Induced by Euxinic Methane-rich Brine Spring Discharge. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6 doi: 10.1130/abs/2018AM-324175
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Bachman, E. E., Hullaster, D., Krumholz, L. R. and Elwood Madden, A. S. (2018) Biotic and Abiotic Mineralogical Signatures Induced by Euxinic Methane-rich Brine Spring Discharge. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6 doi: 10.1130/abs/2018AM-324175
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Bachman, E. E., Hullaster, D., Krumholz, L. R. and Elwood Madden, A. S. (2018) Biotic and Abiotic Mineralogical Signatures Induced by Euxinic Methane-rich Brine Spring Discharge. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6 doi: 10.1130/abs/2018AM-324175
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Bachman, E. E., Hullaster, D., Krumholz, L. R. and Elwood Madden, A. S. (2018) Biotic and Abiotic Mineralogical Signatures Induced by Euxinic Methane-rich Brine Spring Discharge. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6 doi: 10.1130/abs/2018AM-324175
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Bachman, E. E., Hullaster, D., Krumholz, L. R. and Elwood Madden, A. S. (2018) Biotic and Abiotic Mineralogical Signatures Induced by Euxinic Methane-rich Brine Spring Discharge. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6 doi: 10.1130/abs/2018AM-324175
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Bachman, E. E., Hullaster, D., Krumholz, L. R. and Elwood Madden, A. S. (2018) Biotic and Abiotic Mineralogical Signatures Induced by Euxinic Methane-rich Brine Spring Discharge. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6 doi: 10.1130/abs/2018AM-324175
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bachman, E. E., Hullaster, D., Krumholz, L. R. and Elwood Madden, A. S. (2018) Biotic and Abiotic Mineralogical Signatures Induced by Euxinic Methane-rich Brine Spring Discharge. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6 doi: 10.1130/abs/2018AM-324175
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Bachman, E. E., Hullaster, D., Krumholz, L. R. and Elwood Madden, A. S. (2018) Biotic and Abiotic Mineralogical Signatures Induced by Euxinic Methane-rich Brine Spring Discharge. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6 doi: 10.1130/abs/2018AM-324175
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Bachman, E. E., Hullaster, D., Krumholz, L. R. and Elwood Madden, A. S. (2018) Biotic and Abiotic Mineralogical Signatures Induced by Euxinic Methane-rich Brine Spring Discharge. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6 doi: 10.1130/abs/2018AM-324175

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
'Halite'3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Celestine'7.AD.35SrSO4
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Smectite Group-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O CelestineSrSO4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na HaliteNaCl
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S CelestineSrSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bachman, E. E., Hullaster, D., Krumholz, L. R. and Elwood Madden, A. S. (2018) Biotic and Abiotic Mineralogical Signatures Induced by Euxinic Methane-rich Brine Spring Discharge. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6 doi: 10.1130/abs/2018AM-324175 (some minerals were taken from the poster, not in abstract)

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