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Podlipa deposit, Ľubietová (Libetbánya; Libethen), Banská Bystrica Co., Banská Bystrica Region, Slovakia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 48° 44' 50'' North , 19° 23' 6'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 48.74722,19.38500
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Name(s) in local language(s):ložisko Podlipa, Ľubietová, okres Banská Bystrica, Banskobystrický kraj, Slovenská republika

Large copper deposit Podlipa near Ľubietová village is formed by disseminated chalcopyrite in Permian greywacke. Deposit is known by rich oxidation zone with secondary minerals of Cu.
This copper deposit is known since the Bronze Age.
Old German name is Libethen and the old Hungarian name is Libetbánya. Prior to 1919, the locality was in the territory of Hungary, and old labels often reflect that.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

56 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

541 - 1000 Ma

ID: 1381744
Neoproterozoic intrusive and metamorphic terranes

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Comments: Mixtures of metamorphic and intrusive or plutonic rocks, tracts known as crystalline, migmatitic terranes, moderately to highly metamorphosed rocks of unknown origin with or without intrusions. This classification is inherently prone to variable interpretation, as other compilers might distinguish some packages by their metamorphic or gneissic protoliths, and the associated age ranges may be more variable.

Lithology: Intrusive and metamorphic terranes

Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. [18]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

Localities in this Region

  • Banská Bystrica Region

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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- Breithaupt F. A., 1823: Vollständige Charakteristik des Mineral Systems. Arnold, Dresden. (in German)
- Čech F. & Láznička P., 1965: Cyanotrichit z ložiska měděných rud od Lubietové. Acta Univ. Carol., Geol., 3, 149-155. (in Czech)
- Figuschová M., 1977: Sekundárne minerály medi z Ľubietovej. In: Zborník referátov z konferencie Ložiskotvorné procesy Západných Karpát, Bratislava, 135-137. (in Slovak)
- Povondra P. & Řídkošil T., 1980: Brochantit z Piesků a Lubietové u Banské Bystrice. Acta Univ. Carol., Geol., 1-2, 1-8. (in Czech)
- Řídkošil T. & Povondra P., 1982: The relation between posnjakite and langite. N. Jb. Miner., Mh., 16-28.
- Hyršl J., 1991: Three polymorphs of Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4 from Ľubietová, Czechoslovakia. N. Jb. Miner. Mh., 6, 281-287.
- Řídkošil T., Šrein V., Fábry J., Hybler J., Maximov B. A., 1992: Mrázekite, Bi2Cu3(OH)2O2(PO4)•2H2O, a new mineral species and its crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 215-224.
- Effenberger H., Krause W., Belendorff K., Bernard J. H., Medenbach O., Hybler J., Petříček V., 1994: Revision of the crystal structure of mrázekite, Bi2Cu3(OH)2O2(PO4)•2H2O. Canadian Mineralogist, 32, 365-372.
- Řídkošil T., 2007: Sekundární minerály mědi z okolí Ľubietové na Slovensku. Minerál, 15, 5, 433-437. (in Czech)
- Schreiner, M. (2007): Erzlagerstätten im Hrontal, Slowakei. Forschungen zur Archäometrie und Altertumswissenschaft, Band 3, Verlag Marie Leidorf GmbH, Rahden, Westfalen, Germany, 274 pp.
- Michňová J., Ozdín D., Bačík P., 2008: Fluid inclusion study and chemical composition of tourmaline from hydrothermal Cu-bearing deposit Ľubietová. Bulletin miner.-petrolog. Odd. NM (Praha), 16, 1, 100-108. (in Slovak with English abstract)
- Jennifer Garner, Michal Cheben, Daniel Demant, Uwe Enke, Rainer Herd, Jozef Labuda, Diana Modarressi-Tehrani, Thomas Stöllner, Peter Tóth (2014): Neue montanarchäologische Untersuchungen im Slowakischen Erzgebirge. Der Anschnitt 66, 66-77.

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