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Kainuu, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
KainuuRegion
FinlandCountry

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Key
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Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Kajaani35,375 (2014)
Sotkamo10,368 (2014)
Kuhmo10,214 (2014)
Suomussalmi9,974 (2014)
Vuokatti6,183 (2015)
Paltamo3,844 (2014)
Other Languages:
Finnish:
Kainuun maakunta, Suomi
French:
Kainuu, Finlande
German:
Kainuu, Finnland
Italian:
Kainuu, Finlandia
Russian:
Кайнуу, Финляндия
Simplified Chinese:
凱努區, 芬兰
Spanish:
Región de Kainuu, Finlandia
Swedish:
Kajanaland, Finland
Albanian:
Kainuu, Finlanda
Arabic:
كاينو, فنلندا
Asturian:
Kainuu, Finlandia
Basque:
Kainuu, Finlandia
Belarusian:
Кайнуу, Фінляндыя
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Кайнуў, Фінляндыя
Catalan:
Kainuu, Finlàndia
Cebuano:
Kainuu, Finlandia
Czech:
Kainuu, Finsko
Danish:
Kajanaland, Finland
Dutch:
Kainuu, Finland
Esperanto:
Kainuu, Finnlando
Estonian:
Kainuu, Soome
Farsi/Persian:
کاینو, فنلاند
Galician:
Kainuu, Finlandia
Georgian:
კაინუუ, ფინეთი
Hebrew:
קינואו, פינלנד
Hungarian:
Kainuu, Finnország
Irish Gaelic:
Kainuu, An Fhionlainn
Japanese:
カイヌー県, フィンランド
Komi-Permyak:
Кайну, Суоми
Korean:
카이누 지역, 핀란드
Latin:
Caiania, Finnia
Lithuanian:
Kainū, Suomija
Macedonian:
Каину, Финска
Northern Sami:
Kainuu eanangoddi, Suopma
Norwegian:
Kajanaland, Finland
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Kajanaland, Finland
Polish:
Kainuu, Finlandia
Portuguese:
Caiânia, Finlândia
Romanian:
Kainuu, Finlanda
Scots:
Kainuu, Finland
Serbian:
Кајину, Финска
Serbo-Croatian:
Kainuu, Finska
Slovak:
Kainuu, Fínsko
Turkish:
Kainuu, Finlandiya
Ukrainian:
Кайнуу, Фінляндія
Urdu:
کاینو, فن لینڈ
Western Punjabi:
کائنو, فنلینڈ


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

105 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Kopperoinen, Timo & Tuokko, Ilkka 1988. The Ala-Luoma and Taivaljärvi Zn-Pb-Ag-Au deposits, eastern Finland. in. Archean Geology of the Fennoscandian shield. Proceedings of a Finnish-Soviet Symposion in Finland July 28- August 7,1986. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 4, 131-144
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Marmo, Vladi et al 1966. On the granites of Honkamäki and Otanmäki, Finland, with special reference to the mineralogy accessories. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande n:o 221, 34p. illus.
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Reference: Lindholm,O. & Anttonen, R. 1980. Geology of the Otanmäki mine. s. 25-33 in: Häkli, T.A. (toim.) Precambrian ores of Finland, 26th International Geological Congress, Paris 1980. Guide to excursions 078 A+C, Part 2 (Finland), Geological Survey of Finland.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Kuosmanen, Viljo & al. 2003. MINEO Boreal enviromental test site, Finland. Contamination / impact mapping and modelling - Final report.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: Kopperoinen, Timo & Tuokko, Ilkka 1988. The Ala-Luoma and Taivaljärvi Zn-Pb-Ag-Au deposits, eastern Finland. in. Archean Geology of the Fennoscandian shield. Proceedings of a Finnish-Soviet Symposion in Finland July 28- August 7,1986. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 4, 131-144
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Marmo, Vladi et al 1966. On the granites of Honkamäki and Otanmäki, Finland, with special reference to the mineralogy accessories. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande n:o 221, 34p. illus.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Ermolina O, Belogub E, Novoselov K (2014) Gold-bismuth-bearing ore mineral association of Piilola occurrence (Kuhmo Greenstone Belt, Eastern Finland). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 92
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Kopperoinen, Timo & Tuokko, Ilkka 1988. The Ala-Luoma and Taivaljärvi Zn-Pb-Ag-Au deposits, eastern Finland. in. Archean Geology of the Fennoscandian shield. Proceedings of a Finnish-Soviet Symposion in Finland July 28- August 7,1986. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 4, 131-144
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland (2017) Mineral deposit Report 10/20/2017
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Kojonen, Kari, Pakkanen, Lassi, Johanson, Bo (1996). Kullan esiintyminen Suomussalmen Pahkalammen kultamalmiaiheessa. GTK:n arkistoraportti M42.4/4513/3/96/1.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: Chernet, Tegist 1994. Ore mineralogy of the Moukkari gold prospect. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti M/19/451/-94/42.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Kuosmanen, Viljo & al. 2003. MINEO Boreal enviromental test site, Finland. Contamination / impact mapping and modelling - Final report.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: S. Blais and B. Auvray, Bull. Minéralo. , 1987, 110, pp. 73-92.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1994, 6, pp. 145-150.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Marmo, Vladi et al 1966. On the granites of Honkamäki and Otanmäki, Finland, with special reference to the mineralogy accessories. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande n:o 221, 34p. illus.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Corrensite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Reference: Lindquist, K. & Harle, S. 1991. Corrensite of hydrothermal origin from Veitsivaara, eastern Finland. Clays and Clay minerals, 39 (2), 219-223.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Danalite
Formula: Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Marmo, Vladi et al 1966. On the granites of Honkamäki and Otanmäki, Finland, with special reference to the mineralogy accessories. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande n:o 221, 34p. illus.
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: http://en.gtk.fi/informationservices/explorationnews/2001/EPD_29052001.htm
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Kopperoinen, Timo & Tuokko, Ilkka 1988. The Ala-Luoma and Taivaljärvi Zn-Pb-Ag-Au deposits, eastern Finland. in. Archean Geology of the Fennoscandian shield. Proceedings of a Finnish-Soviet Symposion in Finland July 28- August 7,1986. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 4, 131-144
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Fergusonite'
Description: U rich
Reference: Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Marmo, Vladi et al 1966. On the granites of Honkamäki and Otanmäki, Finland, with special reference to the mineralogy accessories. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande n:o 221, 34p. illus.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Reference: Kopperoinen, Timo & Tuokko, Ilkka 1988. The Ala-Luoma and Taivaljärvi Zn-Pb-Ag-Au deposits, eastern Finland. in. Archean Geology of the Fennoscandian shield. Proceedings of a Finnish-Soviet Symposion in Finland July 28- August 7,1986. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 4, 131-144
Frohbergite
Formula: FeTe2
Reference: Kojonen, Kari, Pakkanen, Lassi, Johanson, Bo (1996). Kullan esiintyminen Suomussalmen Pahkalammen kultamalmiaiheessa. GTK:n arkistoraportti M42.4/4513/3/96/1.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/geikielite.pdf.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/karttasovellus/mdae/raportti/4_Hietaharju.pdf
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Chernet, Tegist 1994. Ore mineralogy of the Moukkari gold prospect. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti M/19/451/-94/42.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: Kopperoinen, Timo & Tuokko, Ilkka 1988. The Ala-Luoma and Taivaljärvi Zn-Pb-Ag-Au deposits, eastern Finland. in. Archean Geology of the Fennoscandian shield. Proceedings of a Finnish-Soviet Symposion in Finland July 28- August 7,1986. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 4, 131-144
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
'Hornblende'
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar'
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1994, 6, pp. 145-150.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/karttasovellus/mdae/raportti/4_Hietaharju.pdf
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: Ermolina O, Belogub E, Novoselov K (2014) Gold-bismuth-bearing ore mineral association of Piilola occurrence (Kuhmo Greenstone Belt, Eastern Finland). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 92
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Kojonen, Kari, Pakkanen, Lassi, Johanson, Bo (1996). Kullan esiintyminen Suomussalmen Pahkalammen kultamalmiaiheessa. GTK:n arkistoraportti M42.4/4513/3/96/1.
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Reference: Kopperoinen, Timo & Tuokko, Ilkka 1988. The Ala-Luoma and Taivaljärvi Zn-Pb-Ag-Au deposits, eastern Finland. in. Archean Geology of the Fennoscandian shield. Proceedings of a Finnish-Soviet Symposion in Finland July 28- August 7,1986. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 4, 131-144
'Mica Group'
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/karttasovellus/mdae/raportti/4_Hietaharju.pdf
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Marmo, Vladi et al 1966. On the granites of Honkamäki and Otanmäki, Finland, with special reference to the mineralogy accessories. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande n:o 221, 34p. illus.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Reference: Kojonen, Kari, Pakkanen, Lassi, Johanson, Bo (1996). Kullan esiintyminen Suomussalmen Pahkalammen kultamalmiaiheessa. GTK:n arkistoraportti M42.4/4513/3/96/1.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Marmo, Vladi et al 1966. On the granites of Honkamäki and Otanmäki, Finland, with special reference to the mineralogy accessories. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande n:o 221, 34p. illus.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nickel
Formula: Ni
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Nickelhexahydrite
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Karup-Moeller , S. 1973. nickelhexahydrite from Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 45, 155-158.
'Nuummite'
Reference: Risto Vartiainen (1993), Geological Survey of Finland publication M06/3432/-93/1/43, 1993, Espoo, Finland.
Orcelite
Formula: Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kuosmanen, Viljo & al. 2003. MINEO Boreal enviromental test site, Finland. Contamination / impact mapping and modelling - Final report.
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Matist, A. 1958. Kivilajikartan selitys, lehti D 5 Suomussalmi. Suomen geologinen yleiskartta, Espoo: Geologinen tutkimuskeskus. 115 s.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: No reference listed
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Description: Intimely associated with magnetite.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1994, 6, pp. 145-150.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Retgersite
Formula: NiSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Hytönen, Kai 1999. Suomen Mineraalit. Retgersite sample in the Mineralogical Museum of the Geological Survey of Finland.
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Hytönen, Kai, Hautala, Tuula 1985. Aegerine and riebeckite of the alkaline gneisses of Pikkukallio in the Honkamäki- Otanmäki region, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 57 (1-2), 164-180.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Reference: B.K., WELCH (1958) THE OCCURRENCE MD PARAGENESIS OP THE ORES OP TITANIUM. PhD Thesis Durham University
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Kopperoinen, Timo & Tuokko, Ilkka 1988. The Ala-Luoma and Taivaljärvi Zn-Pb-Ag-Au deposits, eastern Finland. in. Archean Geology of the Fennoscandian shield. Proceedings of a Finnish-Soviet Symposion in Finland July 28- August 7,1986. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 4, 131-144
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Stibiopalladinite
Formula: Pd5Sb2
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland (2017) Mineral deposit Report 10/20/2017
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Talnakhite
Formula: Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland (2017) Mineral deposit Report 10/20/2017
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Marmo, Vladi et al 1966. On the granites of Honkamäki and Otanmäki, Finland, with special reference to the mineralogy accessories. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande n:o 221, 34p. illus.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Tsumoite
Formula: BiTe
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Andreï Lecomte, Michel Cathelineau, Etienne Deloule, Marc Brouand, Chantal Peiffert, Kirsti Loukola-Ruskeeniemi, Esa Pohjolainen, Hannu Lahtinen (2014). Uraniferous bitumen nodules in the Talvivaara Ni-Zn-Cu-Co deposit (Finland): influence of metamorphism on uranium mineralization in black shales. Mineralium Deposita April 2014 Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 513–533.
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Volynskite
Formula: AgBiTe2
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland (2017) Mineral deposit Report 10/20/2017
Zincochromite
Formula: ZnCr2O4
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland (2017) Mineral deposit Report 10/20/2017
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Kari A. Kinnunen (ed.) (2017). Gemstones of Finland, Geological Survey of Finland, Volume: 98, Special Publications.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Nickel1.AA.05Ni
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Cervelleite2.BA.60Ag4TeS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Freieslebenite2.JB.15AgPbSbS3
Frohbergite2.EB.10aFeTe2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Orcelite2.AB.10Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stibiopalladinite2.AC.20aPd5Sb2
Talnakhite2.CB.10bCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Tsumoite2.DC.05BiTe
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Volynskite2.JA.20AgBiTe2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Zincochromite4.BB.05ZnCr2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Nickelhexahydrite7.CB.25(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Retgersite7.CB.30NiSO4 · 6H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Pennine9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Corrensite9.EC.60(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Danalite9.FB.10Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Nuummite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Nickel1.1.11.5Ni
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Orcelite2.3.2.1Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Stibiopalladinite2.3.3.1Pd5Sb2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Tsumoite2.8.20.1BiTe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
Talnakhite2.9.8.1Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Frohbergite2.12.2.3FeTe2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Freieslebenite3.4.6.2AgPbSbS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
ø = 2
Miargyrite3.7.3.2AgSbS2
Volynskite3.7.1.3AgBiTe2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
Zincochromite7.2.3.6ZnCr2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Nickelhexahydrite29.6.8.4(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Retgersite29.6.9.1NiSO4 · 6H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Edenite66.1.3a.10{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Corrensite71.4.2.5(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Danalite76.2.4.2Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
Cervelleite-Ag4TeS
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var: Pennine
-Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Nuummite'-
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C DiamondC
C GraphiteC
C CalciteCaCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
OOxygen
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O HematiteFe2O3
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
O QuartzSiO2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O CalciteCaCO3
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O GeikieliteMgTiO3
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O RutileTiO2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O CupriteCu2O
O TenoriteCuO
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O ZincochromiteZnCr2O4
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O UraniniteUO2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg GeikieliteMgTiO3
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Mg Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
PPhosphorus
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S AlabanditeMnS
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
S FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S MiargyriteAgSbS2
S CovelliteCuS
S GudmunditeFeSbS
S AcanthiteAg2S
S FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
S RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
S Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
S CervelleiteAg4TeS
S SiegeniteCoNi2S4
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
CaCalcium
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Ti UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti GeikieliteMgTiO3
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr ZincochromiteZnCr2O4
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe GudmunditeFeSbS
Fe DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe FrohbergiteFeTe2
Fe TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
CoCobalt
Co SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Ni NickelNi
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Ni HeazlewooditeNi3S2
Ni RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
Ni Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Ni SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Ni MeloniteNiTe2
Ni TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn ZincochromiteZnCr2O4
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
YYttrium
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
PdPalladium
Pd StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
AgSilver
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag VolynskiteAgBiTe2
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
Ag FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag DyscrasiteAg3Sb
Ag SilverAg
Ag MiargyriteAgSbS2
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
Ag CervelleiteAg4TeS
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
SnTin
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
Sb FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb DyscrasiteAg3Sb
Sb MiargyriteAgSbS2
Sb GudmunditeFeSbS
Sb FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb AntimonySb
Sb StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
TeTellurium
Te AltaitePbTe
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te VolynskiteAgBiTe2
Te TsumoiteBiTe
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
Te CervelleiteAg4TeS
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
Te MeloniteNiTe2
Te FrohbergiteFeTe2
Te TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
Au MaldoniteAu2Bi
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
BiBismuth
Bi VolynskiteAgBiTe2
Bi TsumoiteBiTe
Bi BismuthBi
Bi TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi MaldoniteAu2Bi
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

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