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Pirkanmaa, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
PirkanmaaRegion
FinlandCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Tampere202,687 (2014)
Nokia28,676 (2014)
Kangasala24,291 (2014)
Ylöjärvi22,140 (2018)
Valkeakoski20,376 (2014)
Lempäälä18,096 (2015)
Other Languages:
Finnish:
Pirkanmaan maakunta, Suomi
French:
Pirkanmaa, Finlande
German:
Pirkanmaa, Finnland
Italian:
Pirkanmaa, Finlandia
Russian:
Пирканмаа, Финляндия
Simplified Chinese:
皮爾卡區, 芬兰
Spanish:
Región de Pirkanmaa, Finlandia
Albanian:
Pirkanmaa, Finlanda
Arabic:
بيركنما, فنلندا
Asturian:
Pirkanmaa, Finlandia
Basque:
Pirkanmaa, Finlandia
Catalan:
Pirkanmaa, Finlàndia
Cebuano:
Pirkanmaa, Finlandia
Czech:
Pirkanmaa, Finsko
Danish:
Birkaland, Finland
Dutch:
Pirkanmaa, Finland
Esperanto:
Pirkanmaa, Finnlando
Estonian:
Pirkanmaa, Soome
Farsi/Persian:
پیرکانما, فنلاند
Galician:
Pirkanmaa, Finlandia
Georgian:
პირკანმაა, ფინეთი
Hungarian:
Pirkanmaa, Finnország
Irish Gaelic:
Pirkanmaa, An Fhionlainn
Japanese:
ピルカンマー県, フィンランド
Komi-Permyak:
Пирканма, Суоми
Korean:
피르칸마 지역, 핀란드
Latin:
Birkaria, Finnia
Lithuanian:
Pirkanma, Suomija
Manx:
Pirkanmaa, Finnlynn
Northern Sami:
Pirkanmaa eanangoddi, Suopma
Norwegian:
Birkaland, Finland
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Birkaland, Finland
Polish:
Pirkanmaa, Finlandia
Portuguese:
Pirkanmaa, Finlândia
Romanian:
Pirkanmaa, Finlanda
Scots:
Pirkanmaa, Finland
Serbian:
Пирканска земља, Финска
Serbo-Croatian:
Pirkanmaa, Finska
Slovak:
Pirkanmaa, Fínsko
Swedish:
Birkaland, Finland
Turkish:
Pirkanmaa, Finlandiya
Ukrainian:
Пірканмаа, Фінляндія
Urdu:
پیرکانما, فن لینڈ
Western Punjabi:
پرکانما, فنلینڈ


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

222 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

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Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Reference: Lahti Seppo I., 1981. On the granitic pegmatites of the Eräjärvi area in Orivesi, Southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 314, 82 s.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
'α-Brass'
Formula: Cu3Zn
Reference: Knauf, V., Sandberg, E., Sokolov, P. and Tabuns, E. 2000. Gold geochemistry and mineralogy of till. A new approach for data integration. bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland Volume 72 (1-2) 57-69.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Description: as an alteration product of pollucite
Reference: Teerstra, D.K., Lahti, S., Alviola, R. & Černý, P. (1993): Pollucite and its alteration in Finnish Pegmatites. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin. 368 (p. 15-22)
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Antimony
Formula: Sb
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: Gervilla et al 1997. Mineralogy of thePt-, Pd- and Au bearing arsenide ores of the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit, Vammala nickel belt, SW Finland. Mineral Deposits: Research and Exploration. Where do they meet. Proceedings of the fourth Biennial SGA meeting, Turku, Finland, 11-13 August 1997. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 419-422.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Strauss, T. A. L. (2004). The geology of the Proterozoic Haveri Au-Cu deposit, Southern Finland (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data (2014), Jyrki Autio specimen
Bastnäsite-(Y)
Formula: Y(CO3)F
Description: Mixed with quartz and hematite. SEM-EDS on etched sample.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data (2014), Jyrki Autio specimen
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection, Raman and optical analysis.
Beryllonite
Formula: NaBePO4
Reference: Sandström, F. and Lahti, S.I. (2009) Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38.; http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/beryllonite.pdf
Beusite
Formula: Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. (1981): On the granitic pegmatites of the Eräjärvi area in Orivesi, Southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Bulletin 314
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Kuikka, Antti (2014) Pirkkalan alueen kultaesiintymien malmimineralogia. Summary: Ore mineralogy of the gold deposits in the Pirkkala area Volyymi: 212, Julkaisusarja: Tutkimusraportti - Report of Investigation. Geologin Tutkimuskeskus.
Bityite
Formula: LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Lahti Seppo I., 1981. On the granitic pegmatites of the Eräjärvi area in Orivesi, Southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 314, 82 s.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1335-1353
Brazilianite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: Gervilla et al 1997. Mineralogy of thePt-, Pd- and Au bearing arsenide ores of the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit, Vammala nickel belt, SW Finland. Mineral Deposits: Research and Exploration. Where do they meet. Proceedings of the fourth Biennial SGA meeting, Turku, Finland, 11-13 August 1997. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 419-422.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Briartite
Formula: Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2019), Ilkka Mikkola specimen
Britholite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Siivola, J. (1975): The lanthanoid content of some minerals from the Pyörönmaa pegmatite in Kangasala, Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin. 276, 1-17
'Ca-Huréaulite'
Formula: CaMn5(PO4)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 314
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1335-1353; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Jyrki Autio collection. Pavel M. Kartashov SEM-EDS 2015
Cheralite
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
'Cheralite-(Ce)'
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Chernovite-(Y)
Formula: Y(AsO4)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011), Ilkka Mikkola material
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Häkli,T.; Vormisto, K. 1985. The Vammala nickel-copper deposit in: The nickel-copper deposits of the Baltic Shield and Scandinavian Caledonides. Geological Survey of Finland. Bulletin 333, 273-286.
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: Kinnunen, Aulis 2008. A paleoproterozoic high-sulfidation epithermal deposit at Orivesi, Southern Finland. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis, Series A. Scientiae Rerum Naturalium 507.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection Pavel Kartashovov EDS
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov SEM-EDS 2014. Jyrki Autio collection.
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1335-1353
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
'Columbite Group'
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Strauss, T. A. L. (2004). The geology of the Proterozoic Haveri Au-Cu deposit, Southern Finland (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection, Martti Lehtinen XRD
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Crandallite var: Strontian Crandallite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Papunen, H., 1985,The Kylmäkoski Nickel-Copper deposit. Geological Survey of Finland bulletin 333.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Joel Dyer collection, Raman identification Joel Dyer from his own find.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Placencia-Gómez, E., Parviainen, A., Hokkanen, T., & Loukola-Ruskeeniemi, K. (2010). Integrated geophysical and geochemical study on AMD generation at the Haveri Au–Cu mine tailings, SW Finland. Environmental Earth Sciences, 61(7), 1435-1447.
Ernstite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Habit: anhedral
Colour: colorless,reddish
Description: Ernstite does occur as a rarity as small anhedral, colorless or reddish grains embedded in eosphorite between viitaniemiite and montebrasite Identified by Dr Seppo Lahti (microprobe).
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
'Fairfieldite Group'
Reference: Lahti, S.I. (1981) On the granitic pegmatites of the Eräjärvi area in Orivesi, southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin, 314, 51-56.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 370 pp. (299-302)
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 370 pp. (299-302)
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Vorma, A., Ojanperä, P., Hoffrén, V., Siivola, J. & Löfgren, A.(1966): On the rare earth minerals from the Pyörönmaa pegmatite in Kangasala, SW-Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique Finlande 222. 241-274
Fergusonite-(Y)-β
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Vorma, A., Ojanperä, P., Hoffrén, V., Siivola, J. & Löfgren, A.(1966): On the rare earth minerals from the Pyörönmaa pegmatite in Kangasala, SW-Finland.Bulletin de la Commission Géologique Finlande 222. 241-274
'Ferrisicklerite-Sicklerite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ferro-gedrite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Probed
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorapatite var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Reference: www.geology.neab.net/minerals/manganap.htm
Fluorcalciomicrolite
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Ta,Nb)2O6F
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection, Pavel Kartashov identification
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Fluornatromicrolite
Formula: (Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012), Ilkka Mikkola specimen
Formanite-(Y)
Formula: YTaO4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017, Jyrki Autio materials
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Frohbergite
Formula: FeTe2
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1335-1353; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Frondelite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: Vorma, A., Ojanperä, P., Hoffrén, V., Siivola, J. & Löfgren, A.(1966): On the rare earth minerals from the Pyörönmaa pegmatite in Kangasala, SW-Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique Finlande 222. 241-274
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Reference: Placencia-Gómez, E., Parviainen, A., Hokkanen, T., & Loukola-Ruskeeniemi, K. (2010). Integrated geophysical and geochemical study on AMD generation at the Haveri Au–Cu mine tailings, SW Finland. Environmental Earth Sciences, 61(7), 1435-1447.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection, EDS Joy Desor, XRD GSF, Raman Joel Dyer.
Graphite
Formula: C
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: Luukkonen Ari 1994. Main geological features, metallogeny and hydrotermal alteration phenomena of certain gold and gold-tin-tungsten prospects in southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 377.
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: Kuikka, Antti (2014) Pirkkalan alueen kultaesiintymien malmimineralogia. Summary: Ore mineralogy of the gold deposits in the Pirkkala area Volyymi: 212, Julkaisusarja: Tutkimusraportti - Report of Investigation. Geologin Tutkimuskeskus.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Herderite ?
Formula: CaBe(PO4)F
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Herzenbergite
Formula: SnS
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38; Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 314
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
'Heterosite-Purpurite Series'
'Hornblende'
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Hurlbutite
Formula: CaBe2(PO4)2
Reference: Nysten,P. & Gustafsson, L.(2006): I jakt på sällsynta mineral. Geologiskt forum nr 49, 22-25; Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38; RRUFF ID: R070612
Hydroxycalciomicrolite
Formula: Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection, Pavel Kartashov identification
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
'Jahnsite Group'
Formula: XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
'Jahnsite Subgroup'
Formula: XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Reference: Lahti, S.I. (1981) On the granitic pegmatites of the Eräjärvi area in Orivesi, southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin, 314, 51-56.
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jonassonite
Formula: AuBi5S4
Reference: Kuikka, Antti (2014) Pirkkalan alueen kultaesiintymien malmimineralogia. Summary: Ore mineralogy of the gold deposits in the Pirkkala area Volyymi: 212, Julkaisusarja: Tutkimusraportti - Report of Investigation. Geologin Tutkimuskeskus.
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Kinnunen, Aulis 2008. A paleoproterozoic high-sulfidation epithermal deposit at Orivesi, Southern Finland. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis, Series A. Scientiae Rerum Naturalium 507.
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Reference: Kuikka, Antti (2014) Pirkkalan alueen kultaesiintymien malmimineralogia. Summary: Ore mineralogy of the gold deposits in the Pirkkala area Volyymi: 212, Julkaisusarja: Tutkimusraportti - Report of Investigation. Geologin Tutkimuskeskus.
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Reference: Reijo Alviola analytical data
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38; Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 370 pp. (299-302)
'K Feldspar'
Kostovite
Formula: CuAuTe4
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1335-1353
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1335-1353; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Lacroixite
Formula: NaAl(PO4)F
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Laueite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1335-1353
Lead
Formula: Pb
'Lepidolite'
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
'Lithiophilite-Triphylite Series'
Reference: Lahti, S.I. (1981) On the granitic pegmatites of the Eräjärvi area in Orivesi, southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin, 314, 51-56.
Lokkaite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min 71 (1986), 1028; Perttunen 1971 Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 43
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: Kuikka, Antti (2014) Pirkkalan alueen kultaesiintymien malmimineralogia. Summary: Ore mineralogy of the gold deposits in the Pirkkala area Volyymi: 212, Julkaisusarja: Tutkimusraportti - Report of Investigation. Geologin Tutkimuskeskus.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Lahti, Seppo 1988. Occurrence and mineralogy of the margarite- and muscovite-bearing pseudomorphs after topaz in the Juurakko pegmatite, Orivesi, southern Finland. The Geological Society of Finland, Volume 60 (1–2)
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: Clark, Alan H. 1966.The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Ylöjärvi Cu-W deposit, Southwest Finland: mackinawite-pyrrhotite-troiliteassenblages. Suomen Geologisen Seuran julkaisuja 38, 331-342.; Clark, Alan H. 1966. The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Ylöjärvi Cu-W deposit, Southwest Finland. mackinawite-pyrrhotite-troilite assemblges . Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: Papunen, H., 1985,The Kylmäkoski Nickel-Copper deposit. Geological Survey of Finland bulletin 333.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Kinnunen, Aulis 2008. A paleoproterozoic high-sulfidation epithermal deposit at Orivesi, Southern Finland. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis, Series A. Scientiae Rerum Naturalium 507. ; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Meneghinite
Formula: Pb13CuSb7S24
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1335-1353
Messelite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Description: Sample collected in 1981
Reference: Analyzed at Natural History Museum Stockholm ( XRD), Urban Strand message 3.09.2016
Metaswitzerite
Formula: Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Deyhdration from switzerite cf. Zanazzi et al. (1986), Amer. Mineral. 71, 1224-8.
Metavivianite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Reference: Papunen, H., 1985,The Kylmäkoski Nickel-Copper deposit. Geological Survey of Finland bulletin 333.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Microlite Group var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection, Pavel Kartashov identification.
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Reference: Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki coolection
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Montbrayite
Formula: (Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38
Reference: Kinnunen, Aulis 2008. A paleoproterozoic high-sulfidation epithermal deposit at Orivesi, Southern Finland. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis, Series A. Scientiae Rerum Naturalium 507.
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Moraesite
Formula: Be2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Morinite
Formula: NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Chukanov, N., Ermolaeva, V., Pekov, J. and Lahti, S. 2009. Carbonaceous matters in pegmatites of different genetic types and their role in fprmation of mineral associations. New Data on Minerals Vol 44..
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Oxyplumboroméite
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Jyrki Autio Collection, Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2017
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1335-1353; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Pilsenite
Formula: Bi4Te3
Reference: Gervilla,H., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K. and Johanson, B. 1998. Platinum-Palladium- and Gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. (Vammala Nickel Belt, SW Finland) Mineralogy and Petrology (1998) 64, 163-185.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Plumbonacrite
Formula: Pb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
Reference: Kuikka, Antti (2014) Pirkkalan alueen kultaesiintymien malmimineralogia. Summary: Ore mineralogy of the gold deposits in the Pirkkala area Volyymi: 212, Julkaisusarja: Tutkimusraportti - Report of Investigation. Geologin Tutkimuskeskus.
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Teerstra, D.K., Lahti, S., Alviola, R. & Černý, P. (1993): Pollucite and its alteration in Finnish Pegmatites. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin. 368 (p. 15-22)
Purpurite
Formula: Mn3+(PO4)
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Pyrobitumen'
'Pyrobitumen var: Thucholite'
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1335-1353; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 314
Reddingite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 314
Rowlandite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
Reference: Siivola, J. 1975. The lanthanoid conted of some minerals from the Pyörönmaa pegmatite in Kangasala, Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin 276, 17 s.
Rucklidgeite
Formula: PbBi2Te4
Reference: Kinnunen, Aulis 2008. A paleoproterozoic high-sulfidation epithermal deposit at Orivesi, Southern Finland. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis, Series A. Scientiae Rerum Naturalium 507.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
'Scapolite'
Reference: Strauss, T. A. L. (2004). The geology of the Proterozoic Haveri Au-Cu deposit, Southern Finland (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Sicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 673.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Silver
Formula: Ag
'Sodic-ferrogedrite'
Formula: {Na}{Fe2+2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Reference: Probed
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2009. Ylöjärvi-copper Database
Sternbergite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: Clark Alan H. & Taylor, L. A. 1970. Sternbergite from Ylöjärvi, Finland. Occurrence and stability. Economic Geology 65 (1), 54-59
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Strunzite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Sudburyite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)Sb
Reference: Gervilla,H., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K. and Johanson, B. 1998. Platinum-Palladium- and Gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. (Vammala Nickel Belt, SW Finland) Mineralogy and Petrology (1998) 64, 163-185.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Switzerite
Formula: Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1335-1353; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Synchysite-(Nd)
Formula: CaNd(CO3)2F
Reference: Vorma, A., Ojanperä, P., Hoffrén, V., Siivola, J. & Löfgren, A.(1966): On the rare earth minerals from the Pyörönmaa pegmatite in Kangasala, SW-Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique Finlande 222. 241-274;
Synchysite-(Y)
Formula: CaY(CO3)2F
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2014. Jyrki Autio collection.;
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tapiolite-(Mn) (TL)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Lahti, S.I., Johanson, B. & Virkkunen, M. (1983): Contribution to the chemistry of tapiolite – manganotapiolite, a new mineral. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland. 55, 101-109.
Tarkianite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8
Reference: K.K. Kojonen et al.: Can. Mineral. 42:539-544 (2004)
Tellurantimony
Formula: Sb2Te3
Reference: Kinnunen, Aulis 2008. A paleoproterozoic high-sulfidation epithermal deposit at Orivesi, Southern Finland. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis, Series A. Scientiae Rerum Naturalium 507.
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1335-1353; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Tengerite-(Y)
Formula: Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Reference: Vorma, A., Ojanperä, P., Hoffrén, V., Siivola, J. & Löfgren, A.(1966): On the rare earth minerals from the Pyörönmaa pegmatite in Kangasala, SW-Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique Finlande 222. 241-274.
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Reference: Luukkonen Ari 1994. Main geological features, metallogeny and hydrotermal alteration phenomena of certain gold and gold-tin-tungsten prospects in southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 377.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Kinnunen, Aulis 2008. A paleoproterozoic high-sulfidation epithermal deposit at Orivesi, Southern Finland. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis, Series A. Scientiae Rerum Naturalium 507.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Tetrahedrite-(Fe)
Formula: Cu6(Cu4Fe2)Sb4S12S
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection, EPMA Anton Pilipiuk Fe 5,6% Zn 1,0%
Thalénite-(Y)
Formula: Y3Si3O10F
Reference: Vorma, A., Ojanperä, P., Hoffrén, V., Siivola, J. & Löfgren, A.(1966): On the rare earth minerals from the Pyörönmaa pegmatite in Kangasala, SW-Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique Finlande 222. 241-274
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Tin
Formula: Sn
Reference: Knauf, V., Sandberg, E., Sokolov, P. and Tabuns, E. 2000. Gold geochemistry and mineralogy of till. A new approach for data integration. bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland Volume 72 (1-2) 57-69.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Trilithionite
Formula: K(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Triplite
Formula: Mn2+2(PO4)F
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Clark, Alan H. 1966. The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Ylöjärvi Cu-W deposit, Southwest Finland. mackinawite-pyrrhotite-troilite assemblges . Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
'UM1970-24-S:CuFe'
Formula: (Fe,Cu)S
Reference: Clark, A.H. (1970): An unusual copper-iron sulfide, Cu0.12Fe0.94S1.00, from the Ylöjärvi copper-tungsten deposit. Econ. Geol.: 65: 590-591; in: Fleischer, M. (1971): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 56: 631-640
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Varulite
Formula: NaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3
Reference: No reference listed
Väyrynenite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Reference: Mrose, M. E., Von Knorring, O. (1959) The mineralogy of väyrynenite, (Mn,Fe)Be(PO4)(OH). Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 112: 275-288
Viitaniemiite (TL)
Formula: Na(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Lahti, S. I. (1981): On the granitic pegmatites of the Eräjärvi area in Orivesi, southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin. 314, 51-56
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Häkli,T.; Vormisto, K. 1985. The Vammala nickel-copper deposit in: The nickel-copper deposits of the Baltic Shield and Scandinavian Caledonides. Geological Survey of Finland. Bulletin 333, 273-286.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Volynskite
Formula: AgBiTe2
Reference: Kinnunen, Aulis 2008. A paleoproterozoic high-sulfidation epithermal deposit at Orivesi, Southern Finland. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis, Series A. Scientiae Rerum Naturalium 507.
'Wad'
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Wardite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Reference: Lahti, S. I. (1982): New pseudo-orthorhombic wodginite variety from the Erajarvi pegmatite area. Geologi 34, 6-7 (in Finnish).
'Xenotime'
Reference: Vorma, A., Ojanperä, P., Hoffrén, V., Siivola, J. & Löfgren, A.(1966): On the rare earth minerals from the Pyörönmaa pegmatite in Kangasala, SW-Finland.Bulletin de la Commission Géologique Finlande 222. 241-274
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Vorma, A., Ojanperä, V., Siivola, J. and Löfgren, A 1966.On the rare earth mineral from the Pyörönmaa pegmatite in Kangasala, SW-Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique Finlande 222, 241-274.
Yttrialite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Th)2Si2O7
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data (2014), Jyrki Autio specimen
'Yttromicrolite (of Hogarth)'
Formula: (Ca,Y3+,U,Na)2-x(Ta,Nb,Ti,Fe3+)2O7
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017, Jyrki Autio materials
Yttrotantalite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017, Jyrki Autio materials
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data of 2011, Ilkka Mikkola specimen
Zircon var: Hafnian Zircon
Formula: (Zr,Hf)SiO4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012), Ilkka Mikkola specimen

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Tin1.AC.10Sn
'α-Brass'1.AB.10aCu3Zn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Argentopentlandite2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Aurostibite2.EB.05aAuSb2
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Briartite2.KA.10Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Frohbergite2.EB.10aFeTe2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Germanite2.CB.30Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Glaucodot2.EB.10c(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Hedleyite2.DC.05Bi7Te3
Herzenbergite2.CD.05SnS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Jonassonite2.LA.65AuBi5S4
Joséite-B2.DC.05Bi4Te2S
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Kostovite2.EA.15CuAuTe4
Krennerite2.EA.15Au3AgTe8
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Meneghinite2.HB.05bPb13CuSb7S24
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Montbrayite2.DB.20(Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pilsenite2.DC.05Bi4Te3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rucklidgeite2.GC.40cPbBi2Te4
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Sternbergite2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Sudburyite2.CC.05(Pd,Ni)Sb
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tarkianite2.DB.30(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8
Tellurantimony2.DC.05Sb2Te3
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Volynskite2.JA.20AgBiTe2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brannerite4.DH.05UTi2O6
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Fergusonite-(Y)-β4.DG.10YNbO4
Fluornatromicrolite4.DH.15(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Molybdite4.E0.10MoO3
Oxyplumboroméite4.DH.Pb2Sb2O6O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)4.DB.10(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tapiolite-(Mn) (TL)4.DB.10(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Wodginite4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Yttrotantalite-(Y)4.DG.10(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(Y)5.BD.20aY(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Lokkaite-(Y) (TL)5.CC.15Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Plumbonacrite5.BE.15Pb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Synchysite-(Nd)5.BD.20cCaNd(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)5.BD.20cCaY(CO3)2F
Tengerite-(Y)5.CC.10Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Formanite-(Y)7.GA.10YTaO4
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Alluaudite8.AC.10(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Augelite8.BE.05Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Beryllonite8.AA.10NaBePO4
Beusite8.AB.20Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
Brazilianite8.BK.05NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Cheralite8.AD.50CaTh(PO4)2
Chernovite-(Y)8.AD.35Y(AsO4)
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
var: Strontian Crandallite8.BL.10(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Eosphorite8.DD.20Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ernstite8.DD.20(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Fairfieldite8.CG.05Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite8.BN.05(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Frondelite8.BC.10Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Herderite ?8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)F
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Hurlbutite8.AA.15CaBe2(PO4)2
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH)
Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)8.DH.15{Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Lacroixite8.BH.10NaAl(PO4)F
Laueite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Messelite8.CG.05Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Metaswitzerite8.CE.25Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Metavivianite8.DC.25Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Moraesite8.DA.05Be2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Morinite8.DM.05NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Purpurite8.AB.10Mn3+(PO4)
Reddingite8.CC.05(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Sicklerite8.AB.10Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Strunzite8.DC.25Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Switzerite8.CE.25Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Triplite8.BB.10Mn2+2(PO4)F
Varulite8.AC.10NaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3
Viitaniemiite (TL)8.BL.15Na(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Väyrynenite (TL)8.BA.05Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Wardite8.DL.10NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
Bityite9.EC.35LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Britholite-(Y)9.AH.25(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-gedrite9.DD.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Kainosite-(Y)9.CF.10Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rowlandite-(Y)9.HG.20(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
'Sodic-ferrogedrite'9.DD.05{Na}{Fe2+2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Thalénite-(Y)9.BJ.20Y3Si3O10F
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Trilithionite9.EC.20K(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Yttrialite-(Y)9.BC.05(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Cyrtolite9.AD.30Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
var: Hafnian Zircon9.AD.30(Zr,Hf)SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Ca-Huréaulite'-CaMn5(PO4)4 · 4H2O
'Cheralite-(Ce)'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Fairfieldite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Ferrisicklerite-Sicklerite Series'-
Fluorcalciomicrolite-(Ca,Na)2(Ta,Nb)2O6F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heterosite-Purpurite Series'-
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxycalciomicrolite-Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
'Jahnsite Group'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
'Jahnsite Subgroup'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
'Joséite'-Bi4TeS2
'K Feldspar'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lithiophilite-Triphylite Series'-
'Monazite'-
'Pyrobitumen'-
'var: Thucholite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Scapolite'-
Tetrahedrite-(Fe)-Cu6(Cu4Fe2)Sb4S12S
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1970-24-S:CuFe'-(Fe,Cu)S
'Wad'-
'Xenotime'-
'Yttromicrolite (of Hogarth)'-(Ca,Y3+,U,Na)2-x(Ta,Nb,Ti,Fe3+)2O7

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Tin1.1.13.1Sn
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Hedleyite2.6.3.3Bi7Te3
'Joséite'2.6.2.1Bi4TeS2
Joséite-B2.6.2.2Bi4Te2S
Pilsenite2.6.2.5Bi4Te3
Rucklidgeite2.6.2.7PbBi2Te4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Argentopentlandite2.7.1.2Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Coloradoite2.8.2.5HgTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Herzenbergite2.8.24. SnS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Briartite2.9.2.3Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Germanite2.9.4.2Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
Sternbergite2.9.12.1AgFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Montbrayite2.11.8.1(Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tellurantimony2.11.7.3Sb2Te3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Aurostibite2.12.1.11AuSb2
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Frohbergite2.12.2.3FeTe2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Glaucodot2.12.6.1(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Kostovite2.12.13.4CuAuTe4
Krennerite2.12.13.1Au3AgTe8
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Michenerite2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Sylvanite2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Oxysulfides
Kermesite2.13.1.1Sb2S2O
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Miscellaneous
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Meneghinite3.3.5.1Pb13CuSb7S24
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
ø = 2
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
Volynskite3.7.1.3AgBiTe2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
AX3
Molybdite4.5.1.1MoO3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Fergusonite-(Y)-β8.1.2.1YNbO4
Formanite-(Y)8.1.1.2YTaO4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Wodginite8.1.8.1Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Yttrotantalite-(Y)8.1.3.1(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
AB2O6
Brannerite8.3.4.1UTi2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)8.3.2.1Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)8.3.1.1(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tapiolite-(Mn) (TL)8.3.1.2(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Lokkaite-(Y) (TL)15.4.4.1Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
Tengerite-(Y)15.4.3.1Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(Y)16a.1.1.3Y(CO3)F
Synchysite-(Nd)16a.1.3.3CaNd(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)16a.1.3.2CaY(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Plumbonacrite16a.5.1.1Pb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Beryllonite38.1.5.1NaBePO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Sicklerite38.1.4.2Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
(AB)5(XO4)3
Alluaudite38.2.3.6(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Varulite38.2.3.3NaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3
(AB)3(XO4)2
Beusite38.3.3.2Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
Hurlbutite38.3.6.1CaBe2(PO4)2
AXO4
Cheralite38.4.3.5CaTh(PO4)2
Chernovite-(Y)38.4.11.2Y(AsO4)
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Purpurite38.4.1.2Mn3+(PO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Fairfieldite40.2.2.1Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Messelite40.2.2.2Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Metaswitzerite40.3.5.2Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reddingite40.3.2.3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
Switzerite40.3.5.4Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Metavivianite40.11.9.4Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Viitaniemiite (TL)41.3.5.1Na(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Brazilianite41.5.7.1NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Herderite ?41.5.4.1CaBe(PO4)F
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH)
Lacroixite41.5.5.1NaAl(PO4)F
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Väyrynenite (TL)41.5.4.3Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
A2(XO4)Zq
Augelite41.6.8.1Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Triplite41.6.1.2Mn2+2(PO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Frondelite41.9.2.2Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Morinite42.4.2.1NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Moraesite42.6.1.1Be2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Eosphorite42.7.1.2Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ernstite42.7.1.3(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Wardite42.7.8.2NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)42.11.2.2{Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Laueite42.11.10.1Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strunzite42.11.9.1Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Y)52.4.9.2(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Rowlandite-(Y)55.2.1b.1(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
Thalénite-(Y)55.2.1b.2Y3Si3O10F
Yttrialite-(Y)55.2.1b.3(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings with other anion groups
Kainosite-(Y)60.2.1.1Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Bityite71.2.2c.3LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Ca-Huréaulite'-CaMn5(PO4)4 · 4H2O
'Cheralite-(Ce)'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
Crandallite
var: Strontian Crandallite
-(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
'Fairfieldite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Ferrisicklerite-Sicklerite Series'-
Ferro-gedrite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fluorapatite
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
-(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Fluorcalciomicrolite-(Ca,Na)2(Ta,Nb)2O6F
Fluornatromicrolite-(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heterosite-Purpurite Series'-
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxycalciomicrolite-Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
'Jahnsite Group'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
'Jahnsite Subgroup'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Jonassonite-AuBi5S4
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lithiophilite-Triphylite Series'-
'Microlite Group
var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
-A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Oxyplumboroméite-Pb2Sb2O6O
'Pyrobitumen'-
'var: Thucholite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Quartz
var: Rose Quartz
-SiO2
'Scapolite'-
'Sodic-ferrogedrite'-{Na}{Fe2+2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Sudburyite-(Pd,Ni)Sb
Tarkianite-(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8
Tetrahedrite-(Fe)-Cu6(Cu4Fe2)Sb4S12S
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Trilithionite-K(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
'UM1970-24-S:CuFe'-(Fe,Cu)S
'Wad'-
'Xenotime'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
'Yttromicrolite (of Hogarth)'-(Ca,Y3+,U,Na)2-x(Ta,Nb,Ti,Fe3+)2O7
Zircon
var: Cyrtolite
-Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
var: Hafnian Zircon-(Zr,Hf)SiO4
'α-Brass'-Cu3Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
H VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
H ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
H Ca-HuréauliteCaMn5(PO4)4 · 4H2O
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
H MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
H EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H MetavivianiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
H LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
H FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
H FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H SwitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 7H2O
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
H MetaswitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H Ferro-gedrite☐{Fe22+}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Sodic-ferrogedrite{Na}{Fe22+}{Fe32+Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
H Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
H Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
H Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
H WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH)
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
H Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
H PlumbonacritePb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
H HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Jahnsite SubgroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
LiLithium
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Li BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
BeBeryllium
Be VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Be BerylloniteNaBePO4
Be HurlbutiteCaBe2(PO4)2
Be MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH)
Be BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be HerderiteCaBe(PO4)F
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
C GraphiteC
C Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
C Synchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F
C Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
C PlumbonacritePb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
O VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
O ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
O Tapiolite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Ca-HuréauliteCaMn5(PO4)4 · 4H2O
O Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O KermesiteSb2S2O
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O SenarmontiteSb2O3
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O UraniniteUO2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O BerylloniteNaBePO4
O HurlbutiteCaBe2(PO4)2
O MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
O MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
O EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
O SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O MetavivianiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
O LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
O FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
O FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O SwitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 7H2O
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
O BranneriteUTi2O6
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O QuartzSiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
O MetaswitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O Ferro-gedrite☐{Fe22+}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Sodic-ferrogedrite{Na}{Fe22+}{Fe32+Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
O Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Fergusonite-(Y)-βYNbO4
O Synchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
O Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
O Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
O Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O AnataseTiO2
O ThorianiteThO2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
O Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
O LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
O WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
O MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
O Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
O Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
O Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH)
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
O Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O BeusiteMn2+Mn22+ (PO4)2
O MolybditeMoO3
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
O CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Yttrialite-(Y)(Y,Th)2Si2O7
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
O Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
O Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
O Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
O PlumbonacritePb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
O HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
O Fluorcalciomicrolite(Ca,Na)2(Ta,Nb)2O6F
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
O Formanite-(Y)YTaO4
O Yttromicrolite (of Hogarth)(Ca,Y3+,U,Na)2-x(Ta,Nb,Ti,Fe3+)2O7
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CorundumAl2O3
O Jahnsite SubgroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O OxyplumboroméitePb2Sb2O6O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O HerderiteCaBe(PO4)F
FFluorine
F VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
F ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
F MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
F TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
F Synchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F
F Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
F LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
F TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
F Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
F Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
F Fluorcalciomicrolite(Ca,Na)2(Ta,Nb)2O6F
F HerderiteCaBe(PO4)F
NaSodium
Na ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Na BerylloniteNaBePO4
Na MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Na VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Sodic-ferrogedrite{Na}{Fe22+}{Fe32+Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Na BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Na LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
Na WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Na Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Fluorcalciomicrolite(Ca,Na)2(Ta,Nb)2O6F
Na Yttromicrolite (of Hogarth)(Ca,Y3+,U,Na)2-x(Ta,Nb,Ti,Fe3+)2O7
MgMagnesium
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
Al MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Al EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Ferro-gedrite☐{Fe22+}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Sodic-ferrogedrite{Na}{Fe22+}{Fe32+Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Al BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Al Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Al LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
Al WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
SiSilicon
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Ferro-gedrite☐{Fe22+}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Sodic-ferrogedrite{Na}{Fe22+}{Fe32+Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Si Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
Si Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Si Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Si Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si Yttrialite-(Y)(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Si CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
Si Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
PPhosphorus
P VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
P ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
P Ca-HuréauliteCaMn5(PO4)4 · 4H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P BerylloniteNaBePO4
P HurlbutiteCaBe2(PO4)2
P MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
P MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
P EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
P TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
P SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P MetavivianiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
P LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
P Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
P FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
P FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P SwitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 7H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
P MetaswitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
P Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
P LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
P WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
P MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH)
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
P Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
P Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
P BeusiteMn2+Mn22+ (PO4)2
P CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2
P MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P Jahnsite SubgroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
P HerderiteCaBe(PO4)F
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S HerzenbergiteSnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S KermesiteSb2S2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
S PyriteFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16
S MarcasiteFeS2
S Tarkianite(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S JoséiteBi4TeS2
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S GudmunditeFeSbS
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S MatilditeAgBiS2
S TroiliteFeS
S SternbergiteAgFe2S3
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S SulphurS8
S SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S Joséite-BBi4Te2S
S JonassoniteAuBi5S4
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S UM1970-24-S:CuFe(Fe,Cu)S
S AnglesitePbSO4
S Tetrahedrite-(Fe)Cu6(Cu4Fe2)Sb4S12S
S BriartiteCu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
Ca ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Ca Ca-HuréauliteCaMn5(PO4)4 · 4H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca HurlbutiteCaBe2(PO4)2
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Ca VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
Ca FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Synchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F
Ca Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ca Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Ca Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH)
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Ca Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2
Ca Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
Ca HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Ca Fluorcalciomicrolite(Ca,Na)2(Ta,Nb)2O6F
Ca MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Yttromicrolite (of Hogarth)(Ca,Y3+,U,Na)2-x(Ta,Nb,Ti,Fe3+)2O7
Ca HerderiteCaBe(PO4)F
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti BranneriteUTi2O6
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Yttromicrolite (of Hogarth)(Ca,Y3+,U,Na)2-x(Ta,Nb,Ti,Fe3+)2O7
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Mn ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Mn Tapiolite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Ca-HuréauliteCaMn5(PO4)4 · 4H2O
Mn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
Mn SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Mn StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mn LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
Mn FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Mn Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Mn SwitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn MetaswitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Mn Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
Mn Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Mn BeusiteMn2+Mn22+ (PO4)2
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe MetavivianiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H