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East Attica, Attica, Greecei
Regional Level Types
East AtticaRegional Unit
AtticaAdministrative Region
GreeceCountry

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Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Acharnés99,346 (2014)
Gérakas29,939 (2014)
Voúla28,364 (2014)
Artémida21,488 (2015)
Koropí19,164 (2014)
Vári15,855 (2016)
Other Languages:
French:
Attique de l'Est, Attique, Grèce
German:
Ostattika, Attika, Griechenland
Greek:
Νομαρχία Ανατολικής Αττικής, Περιφέρεια Αττικής, Ελλάδα
Italian:
Attica Orientale, Attica, Grecia
Russian:
Восточная Аттика, Аттика, Греция
Simplified Chinese:
東阿提卡州, 阿提卡, 希腊
Spanish:
Ática Oriental, Periferia de Ática, Grecia
Arabic:
أتيكا الشرقية, أتيكا, اليونان
Armenian:
Արևելյան Ատտիկե, Ատտիկա, Հունաստան
Belarusian:
Усходняя Атыка, Грэцыя
Bulgarian:
Източна Атика, Гърция
Catalan:
Àtica Oriental, Àtica, Grècia
Croatian:
Prefektura Istočna Atika, Periferija Atika, Grčka
Dutch:
Oost-Attica, Griekenland
Esperanto:
Orienta Atiko, Atiko, Grekio
Estonian:
Ida-Atika piirkonnaüksus, Atika piirkond, Kreeka
Finnish:
Itä-Attika, Kreikka
Georgian:
აღმოსავლეთი ატიკა, ატიკა, საბერძნეთი
Japanese:
東アッティカ県, ギリシャ
Korean:
동아티키현, 아티키주, 그리스
Latin:
Attica Orientalis, Attica, Graecia
Lithuanian:
Rytų Atikos nomas, Atikos periferija, Graikija
Norwegian:
Øst-Attikí, Hellas
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Aust-Attikí, Hellas
Polish:
Jednostka regionalna Attyka Wschodnia, Region Attyka, Grecja
Portuguese:
Ática Oriental, Grécia
Romanian:
Prefectura Attica de Est, Grecia
Scots:
East Attica, Greece
Serbian:
Источна Атика, Периферија Атика, Грчка
Serbo-Croatian:
Prefektura Istočna Atika, Periferija Atika, Grčka
Turkish:
Doğu Attika, Attika, Yunanistan
Ukrainian:
Східна Аттика, Аттика, Греція
Urdu:
مشرقی اتیکا, اتیکا, یونان


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Aegean Sea PlateTectonic Plate

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

645 valid minerals. 28 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Adamite var: Alumino Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Al)2AsO4(OH)
Localities:
Adamite var: Cobaltoan Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Co)AsO4OH
Localities:
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Adamite var: Manganoan Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Mn)2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities:
Adamite var: Nickeloan Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Ni)2AsO4(OH)
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Agardite'
Agardite-(Ce)
Formula: CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities:
Agardite-(La)
Formula: LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Agardite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Zadov, A.E., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A. and Katerinopoulos, A. (2010) Agardite-(Nd), IMA 2010-056. CNMNC Newsletter No. 7, February 2010, page 30; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 27-31.; Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Zadov, A.E., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2011): Agardite-(Nd), NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6•3H2O from the Hilarion Mine, Lavrion, Greece: mineral description and chemical relations with other members of the agardite-zálesíite solid-solution system. Journal of Geosciences, 56, 249-255.
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Aikinite var: Argentoaikinite
Formula: (Pb,Ag)CuBiS3
Reference: Voudouris, P. & Economou-Eliopoulus, M. (2003): Mineralogy and chemistry of Cu-rich ores from the Kamariza carbonate-hosted deposit (Lavrion), Greece. In: Eliopoulos et al. (Eds.): Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development. Millpress, Rotterdam, 1039-1042.; VOUDOURIS, P. (2005): Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit Attika/Greece. In: Mao, J.W. and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral deposit research: Meeting the global challenge. Springer, Berlin, 1089-1092.
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Alabandite ?
Formula: MnS
Description: Reported in Petrascheck (1977) as a written comm. by Marinos (without any details), but to be considered questionable (Branko Rieck, pers. comm. to Uwe Kolitsch, May 2013).
Reference: Petrascheck, W. E. (1977): Die Metallogenese von Laurium - granitischer Herd oder Paläokarst? Annales Géologiques des Pays Helléniques 28, 17-27 (in German).
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Hanke, H. (1996): Neues aus Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt, 7 (1), 54-56.
Albite var: High Albite
Formula: NaAlSi3O8
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: vom Rath, G. (1887): Über die Geologie von Attika, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Hymittos und Lavrions. Sitzgsber. d. Naturhist. Ver. d. Rheinl. u. Westf. 44, 77-106.
Aldridgeite
Formula: (Cd,Ca)(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Alpersite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Amarantite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
Ammoniojarosite
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Andersonite
Formula: Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
Reference: Branko Rieck Collection; Rieck et al. (to be published); Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Reference: Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Annabergite var: Magnesian Annabergite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 749.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anthonyite
Formula: Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
'Antimony Ochre'
Reference: Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1996): Eine Antimonit-Paragenese und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 21 (11), 40-42; 62.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Aplowite
Formula: (Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Aragonite var: Flos Ferri
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Aragonite var: Plumboan Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Pb)CO3
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1985): Neue Schlackenmineralien von Lavrion. Lapis, 10 (5), 13-16; 50.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767.
Arsendescloizite
Formula: PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Arsenic
Formula: As
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Arsenobismite'
Reference: Katerinopoulos, A. (1996): Bisher nicht bekannte Minerale aus den Lavrion-Bergwerken. Lapis, 21 (11), 39; 62.
Arsenocrandallite
Formula: CaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenogorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenogoyazite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenolamprite
Formula: As
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Arthurite
Formula: CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Arzrunite
Formula: Cu4Pb2(SO4)(OH)4Cl6 · 2H2O (?)
Reference: No reference listed
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Atelestite
Formula: Bi2(AsO4)O(OH)
Attikaite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: N. V. Chukanov, I. V. Pekov and A. E. Zadov (2007) Attikaite, Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 2H2O, a new mineral species Geology of Ore Deposits 49: 720-726
Aubertite
Formula: CuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: vom Rath, G. (1887): Über die Geologie von Attika, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Hymittos und Lavrions. Sitzgsber. d. Naturhist. Ver. d. Rheinl. u. Westf. 44, 77-106.
Auriacusite
Formula: Fe3+Cu2+(AsO4)O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Aurorite
Formula: (Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Austinite var: Cuprian Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Baileychlore
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Description: One specimen was aquired from Kristalldruse (see ad in reference) and checked with EDX and PXRD which confirmed the ID (Rieck 2012 & pers. comm.).
Reference: LAPIS 2010 7/8, p. 14 (Kristalldruse ad); Rieck, B. (2012): Neue Minerale aus dem Lagerstätten-Bezirk Lavrion/Griechenland und den Kalahari Mangan Feldern/Republik Südafrika. PhD Thesis (unpubl.), University of Vienna, 183 pp. (in German); Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Bannermanite
Formula: (Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Reference: Igor Pekov analysis (IR, SXRD, EPMA); Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Barahonaite-(Al)
Formula: (Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Barnesite
Formula: (Na,Ca)V6O16 · 3H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
'Barringtonite' ?
Formula: MgCO3 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Barstowite
Formula: Pb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Bayleyite
Formula: Mg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Bendadaite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Beudantite-Segnitite Series'
Reference: Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bianchite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Bílinite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Localities:
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Blixite
Formula: Pb2(O,OH)2Cl
Bobkingite
Formula: Cu5Cl2(OH)8 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Boleite
Formula: KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Boltwoodite
Formula: (K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Reference: Michalis Fitros collection (EDS and PXRD analyses); Branko Rieck collection (EDS and SXRD analyses)
Bonattite
Formula: CuSO4 · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Boyleite
Formula: (Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Briartite
Formula: Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Reference: Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999c): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Bukovskýite
Formula: Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
'Calamine'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Peter Kohorst
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Calumetite
Formula: CaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1981): Neufunde von Mineralen aus den antiken Bleischlacken Laurions. Der Aufschluss, 32, 165-169.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Caracolite
Formula: Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Carlhintzeite
Formula: Ca2[AlF6]F · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Localities:
Cattierite
Formula: CoS2
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ceruleite
Formula: Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Chadwickite
Formula: (UO2)[HAsO3]
Reference: Michalis Fitros collection (EDS analysis, SXRD planned); Branko Rieck collection (EDS and SXRD analyses)
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999c): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Changoite
Formula: Na2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Chenite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
'Chlorite Group'
Chlorophoenicite
Formula: (Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
Chloroxiphite
Formula: Pb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
Christelite
Formula: Cu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chukhrovite-(Ca)
Formula: Ca4.5Al2(SO4)F13·12H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Claringbullite
Formula: Cu4ClF(OH)6
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (unpublished SEM-EDS analyses)
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Reference: Chollet Pascal photo
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: [MinMax Database]
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cobaltaustinite
Formula: CaCo(AsO4)(OH)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Cobaltkoritnigite
Formula: (Co,Zn)(HAsO4) · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Copiapite Group'
Reference: Vik Vanrusselt collection
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Coquandite
Formula: Sb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Hanke, H. (1996): Neues aus Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt, 7 (1), 54-56.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (unpubl. SEM-EDS results; to be published in next article on new finds from Lavrion)
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprocopiapite
Formula: CuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Description: Possibly questionable as method(s) of analysis not stated and mineral is described as yellow to beige, "lath-shaped" crystals.
Reference: Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Cyanochroite
Formula: K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Dadsonite
Formula: Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Damaraite
Formula: Pb3Cl(OH)O2
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1992): Damarait - ein Mineralneufund aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion/Griechenland. Der Aufschluss, 43, 245-246.
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Dietrichite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Dimorphite
Formula: As4S3
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'
Reference: Baltatzis, E. (1981): Contact metamorphism of a calc-silicate hornfels from Plaka area, Laurium, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, 1981, 481-488.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: No reference listed
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Drobecite (TL)
Formula: CdSO4 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Giester, G. and Rieck, B. (2010) Drobecite, a novel mineral from the Lavrion, Greece, deposit. 20th General Meeting of IMA (IMA2010) August 21 – 27, 2010, Budapest, Hungary (poster).
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Meixner, H. (1978): Fibroferrit von Lavrion. Lapis, 3 (10), 11.; Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767; Hanke, H. (1996): Neues aus Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt, 7 (1), 54-56.
Dussertite
Formula: BaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Dypingite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767.
Dzhalindite
Formula: In(OH)3
Reference: Branko Rieck (1999) Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. LAPIS 24:7/8 pp 68-76.
Ecdemite
Formula: Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Edwardsite
Formula: Cu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Euchroite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Falkmanite
Formula: Pb3Sb2S6
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Feinglosite
Formula: Pb2Zn(AsO4)2 · H2O
Feroxyhyte
Formula: Fe3+O(OH)
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ferrilotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Branko Rieck Collection; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ferrinatrite
Formula: Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Fiedlerite (TL)
Formula: Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 69; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: NHM Vienna collection (SEM-EDS-analysed); Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Fougèrite
Formula: Fe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
Reference: Laurion The minerals in the ancient slags by Piet Gelade etc.Ko Jansen.
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Freedite
Formula: Cu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Freibergite
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. Poster, MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Friedel's Salt'
Formula: 3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Fülöppite
Formula: Pb3Sb8S15
Reference: Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Gaitite
Formula: Ca2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gartrellite
Formula: Pb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Gaspéite
Formula: Ni(CO3)
Reference: No reference listed
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1991): Neue Funde aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 16 (6), 21-23; 58.
Geminite
Formula: Cu(HAsO4) · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Reference: Voudouris, P. & Economou-Eliopoulus, M. (2003): Mineralogy and chemistry of Cu-rich ores from the Kamariza carbonate-hosted deposit (Lavrion), Greece. In: Eliopoulos et al. (Eds.): Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development. Millpress, Rotterdam, 1039-1042.
Georgeite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Solomos C., Voudouris P., Katerinopoulos A. (2004) Mineralogical studies of a bismuth-gold-antimony mineralization in Kamariza Lavrion. Bull Geol Soc Greece 36: 387-396.
Georgiadèsite (TL)
Formula: Pb4(AsO3)Cl4(OH)
Reference: Lacroix, A. & De Schulten, A. (1908): Note sur des minéraux plombifères des scories athéniennes du Laurion. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 31, 79-90 (in French).; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 792; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Reference: No reference listed
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Gilalite
Formula: Cu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1991): Neue Funde aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 16 (6), 21-23; 58.
Glaucocerinite (TL)
Formula: (Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Habit: masses, encrustations
Colour: light blue
Reference: Centralbl.Min.,Abt. A (1932) p. 13-17
Glaukosphaerite ?
Formula: (Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Goldichite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Gordaite
Formula: NaZn4(SO4)(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Goudeyite
Formula: AlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Grandreefite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)F2
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Grandviewite
Formula: Cu3Al9(SO4)2(OH)29
Grantsite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2+x(V5+,V4+)6O16 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Graulichite-(Ce)
Formula: CeFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Guérinite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Gunningite
Formula: ZnSO4 · H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
'Gustavite-Lillianite Series'
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V, Spry, P.G., Bonsall, T.A., Tarkian, M. & Solomon, Ch. (2008): Carbonate-replacement Pb-Zn-Ag+/-Au mineralization in the Kamariza area, Lavrion, Greece: Mineralogy and thermochemical conditions of formation. Mineralogy & Petrology 94, 85-106.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Haidingerite
Formula: CaHAsO4 · H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Localities:
Halloysite-7Å
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018) Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt, 29(5), 32-77 (in German). [Photo on p. 72 (analysed sample)]
Heinrichite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Heliophyllite
Formula: Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Helmutwinklerite
Formula: Pb(Zn,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Herbertsmithite
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Reference: W. Krause, H.-J. Bernhardt, R. S. W. Braithwaite, U. Kolitsch and R. Pritchard (2006): Kapellasite, Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2, a new mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 331-342; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Hetaerolite var: Hydrohetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Heteromorphite
Formula: Pb7Sb8S19
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Heyrovskýite
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Reference: Voudouris, P. & Economou-Eliopoulus, M. (2003): Mineralogy and chemistry of Cu-rich ores from the Kamariza carbonate-hosted deposit (Lavrion), Greece. In: Eliopoulos et al. (Eds.): Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development. Millpress, Rotterdam, 1039-1042.
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hilarionite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)(AsO4)(OH)·6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Rusakov, V.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A. and Magganas, A. (2012) Hilarionite, IMA 2011-089. CNMNC Newsletter No. 12, February 2012, page 154; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 151-155; Pekov, I.V., Chukanov ,N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Rusakov, V.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Vuduris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopolus, A. (2013): Hilarionite, Fe3+2(SO4)(AsO4)(OH)•6H2O, a new hypergene mineral from Laurion, Greece. Zapiski RMO, 142(5), 30-42.
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Hohmannite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Honessite
Formula: (Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
'Hornblende'
Reference: Schreiber, F. & Hammer, V.M.F. (2007): Lavrion 2003-2007: Es hat sich einiges getan! Neufunde - Nachsuche - Archäologie. Lapis 32 (4), 32-38; 50.
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Huemulite
Formula: Na4Mg(V10O28) · 24H2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber (identification method not given); Stephan Wolfsried collection; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Hydrocalumite
Formula: Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Hydrowoodwardite
Formula: (Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Hydroxycalcioroméite ?
Formula: (Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Ianthinite
Formula: U4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
IMA2018-051a (TL)
Formula: CaZn2(AsO4)2·4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Rieck, B., Giester, G., Lengauer, C. and Topa, D. (2019) IMA 2018-051a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 47, February 2019, page 203; European Journal of Mineralogy, 31: 199–204
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Jamesite
Formula: Pb2Zn(Fe2+,Zn)2Fe3+4(AsO4)4(OH)10
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Johannite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Kaatialaite
Formula: Fe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2O
Kamarizaite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 3H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., et al. (2009): Kamarizaite Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3·3H2O -- a new mineral arsenate analogue of tinticite. Zapiski RMO 138(3), 100-108; N. V. Chukanov, I. V. Pekov, S. Möckel, A. A. Mukhanova, D. I. Belakovsky, L. A. Levitskaya und G. K. Bekenova (2010): Kamarizaite, Fe33+(AsO4)2(OH)3•3H2O, a new mineral species, arsenate analogue of tinticite. Geology of Ore Deposits 52, 599-605; U. Kolitsch, C. L. Lengauer and G. Giester (2014): Crystal structures and isotypism of the iron arsenate kamarizaite and the iron phosphate tinticite. 92nd Annual Meeting of the DMG, Jena, Germany, September 21-24; abstract in Programme, 257; Kolitsch, U., Lengauer, C.L. and Giester, G. (2016): Crystal structures and isotypism of the iron(III) arsenate kamarizaite and the iron(III) phosphate tinticite. Eur. J. Mineral. 28, 71-81.
Kaňkite
Formula: FeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Kaolinite Subgroup'
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (unpubl. SEM-EDS results)
Kapellasite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Type Locality:
Reference: W. Krause, H.-J. Bernhardt, R. S. W. Braithwaite, U. Kolitsch and R. Pritchard (2006): Kapellasite, Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2, a new mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 329-340.
Katerinopoulosite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2Zn(SO4)2·6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Britvin, S.N., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A. and Stergiou, V. (2017) Katerinopoulosite, IMA 2017-004. CNMNC Newsletter No. 37, June 2017, page 739; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 737–742; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Kettnerite
Formula: CaBiCO3OF
Keyite
Formula: Cu2+3Zn4Cd2(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
'K Feldspar'
Khademite
Formula: Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Kochsándorite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Kolwezite
Formula: (Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Katerinopoulos, A. (1996): Bisher nicht bekannte Minerale aus den Lavrion-Bergwerken. Lapis, 21 (11), 39; 62.
Koritnigite
Formula: Zn(HAsO4) · H2O
Kornelite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
Köttigite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Krausite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Kröhnkite
Formula: Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Krupkaite
Formula: PbCuBi3S6
Reference: No reference listed
Ktenasite (TL)
Formula: Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Kyrgyzstanite
Formula: ZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2O
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti collection [S. Möckel 2010 - EDX+PXRD]; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Lahnsteinite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Lansfordite
Formula: MgCO3 · 5H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Laurelite
Formula: Pb7F12Cl2
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Laurionite (TL)
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Description: Note: The first find of laurionite (Köchlin, 1887) was not in a slag.
Reference: Köchlin, R. (1887): Ueber Phosgenit und ein muthmasslich neues Mineral vom Laurion. Annalen des K.K. Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums, 2, 185-190
Lautenthalite
Formula: PbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Lazaridisite (TL)
Formula: 3CdSO4·8H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. and Giester, G. (2012) Lazaridisite, IMA 2012-043. CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1287; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Lead
Formula: Pb
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Legrandite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Leightonite
Formula: K2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Lemanskiite
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 3H2O
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Liebenbergite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
'Lorettoite'
Formula: Pb7O6Cl2
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.
Lotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Zn,Mn3+)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Ludjibaite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Description: Most (probably all) ludjibaite samples that came to the market after the description of Hanke (1995) were found to be conichalcite. As described by Wendel and Markl (1999) only one confirmed occurence is reported, in which ludjibaite had formed as the result of bird dung reacting with copper bearing species. HANKE, H. (1995): Neue Mineralfunde aus den attischen Bergwerken bei Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralienwelt 6/6, 62-72 (in German) WENDEL, W. and MARKL G.(1999), Lavrion: Mineralogiesche Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24/7 34-52 (in German)
Reference: No reference listed
Ludlockite
Formula: PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Lukrahnite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)(Fe3+,Zn)(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Macphersonite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1985): Neue Schlackenmineralien von Lavrion. Lapis, 10 (5), 13-16; 50.
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Magnesiokoritnigite
Formula: Mg(AsO3OH)·H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Schreiber, F. & Hammer, V.M.F. (2007): Lavrion 2003-2007: Es hat sich einiges getan! Neufunde - Nachsuche - Archäologie. Lapis 32 (4), 32-38; 50.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Mahnertite
Formula: NaCu3(AsO4)2Cl · 5H2O
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Mammothite
Formula: Pb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Manganarsite
Formula: Mn3(As2O4)(OH)4
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
'Manganese Oxides'
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Manjiroite
Formula: Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Mansfieldite
Formula: AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Mapimite
Formula: Zn2Fe3+3(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 10H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Marrite
Formula: AgPbAsS3
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Matildite var: Cupromatildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: VOUDOURIS, P. (2005): Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit Attika/Greece. In: Mao, J.W. and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral deposit research: Meeting the global challenge. Springer, Berlin, 1089-1092.
Matlockite
Formula: PbFCl
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Mawbyite
Formula: Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Mcnearite
Formula: NaCa5(AsO4)(HAsO4)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Meixnerite
Formula: Mg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Mendipite
Formula: Pb3Cl2O2
Mereiterite (TL)
Formula: K2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Giester, G. and Rieck, B. (1995) Mereiterite, K2Fe[SO4]2•4H2O, a new leonite-type mineral from the Lavrion mining district, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy 7, 559-566.; Mineralogical Record 27: 304.
Metahohmannite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 4H2O
Metamunirite
Formula: NaVO3
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Metasideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: No reference listed
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Millosevichite
Formula: (Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Mimetite-M'
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Minohlite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10•8H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities:
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Monetite
Formula: Ca(HPO4)
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Monteponite
Formula: CdO
Reference: No reference listed
Montetrisaite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O
Mooihoekite
Formula: Cu9Fe9S16
Moorhouseite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Mummeite
Formula: Cu0.58Ag3.11Pb1.10Bi6.65S13
Murdochite
Formula: PbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nakauriite
Formula: Cu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
Description: Nakauriite from this locality contains up to 25% Mg for substituting Cu (analysis Branko Rieck).
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Namuwite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrochalcite
Formula: NaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Natroglaucocerinite (TL)
Formula: Zn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2•6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Natropharmacoalumite
Formula: NaAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Natropharmacosiderite
Formula: (Na,K)Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Nealite (TL)
Formula: Pb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Min.Rec.(1980) 11, 299-301; Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1981): Neufunde von Mineralen aus den antiken Bleischlacken Laurions. Der Aufschluss, 32, 165-169.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: No reference listed
Nesquehonite
Formula: MgCO3 · 3H2O
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371. ; Giester, G; Lengauer, CL; Rieck, B: The crystal structure of nesquehonite, MgCO3•3H2O, from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 70 (2000), 153-163; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Nickelaustinite
Formula: CaNi(AsO4)(OH)
Nickelblödite ?
Formula: Na2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Erik Vercammen collection (purchased, but ID will be checked)
Nickelboussingaultite
Formula: (NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Nickelhexahydrite
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nickellotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Ni,Fe3+,Co)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Reference: LAPIS 2010 7/8, 14 (Kristalldruse ad); Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German); Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Varlamov, D.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A., Magganas, A. (2016): Nickeltsumcorite, Pb(Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(H2O,OH)2, a new tsumcorite-group mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine (in press)
Nickeltsumcorite (TL)
Formula: Pb(Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(H2O,OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Varlamov, D.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A. and Magganas, A. (2014) Nickeltsumcorite, IMA 2013-117. CNMNC Newsletter No. 19, February 2014, page 170; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 165-170; Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Varlamov, D.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A., Magganas, A. (2016): Nickeltsumcorite, Pb(Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(H2O,OH)2, a new tsumcorite-group mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine (in press); Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Niedermayrite (TL)
Formula: CdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Giester, G., Rieck, B., and Brandstätter, F. (1998) Niedermayrite, Cu4Cd(SO4)2(OH)6•4H2O, a new mineral from the Lavrion Mining District, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology: 63: 19-34.; Hanke, H. and Jahn, S. (1998) Niedermayrit. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (5), 12.; Hanke, H. (1998) Niedermayrit, Cu4Cd(SO4)2(OH)6•4H2O, ein neues Mineral aus dem Bergbaugebiet Laurion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (5), 13; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: No reference listed
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Nováčekite-II
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Nuffieldite
Formula: Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Nuffieldite var: Argentonuffieldite
Formula: Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Ojuelaite
Formula: ZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Localities:
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Omsite
Formula: Ni2Fe3+(OH)6[Sb(OH)6]
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ondrušite
Formula: CaCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoserpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Osakaite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 5H2O
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Otavite
Formula: CdCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Ourayite
Formula: Ag3Pb4Bi5S13
Reference: No reference listed
Owyheeite
Formula: Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Reference: Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767.
Pääkkönenite
Formula: Sb2AsS2
Parabutlerite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Paracoquimbite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Paradamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Parádsasvárite
Formula: Zn2(CO3)(OH)2
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Paralaurionite (TL)
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Smith, G. F. H. (1899): On some lead minerals from Laurium, namely, laurionite, phosgenite, fiedlerite, and (new species) paralaurionite. Mineralogical Magazine, 12, 102-110.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 65; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion (1996): The Minerals in the Ancient Slags.; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Paramelaconite
Formula: Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Parascorodite
Formula: FeAsO4 · 2H2O
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Parnauite
Formula: Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Pascoite
Formula: Ca3(V10O28) · 17H2O
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
'Pascoite Group'
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Paulmooreite
Formula: Pb2[As2O5]
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Penfieldite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Cl3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Smith, G. F. H. (1899): On some lead minerals from Laurium, namely, laurionite, phosgenite, fiedlerite, and (new species) paralaurionite. Mineralogical Magazine, 12, 102-110.; American Mineralogist (1941): 26: 293; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 67; Cesbron, F. & Schubnel, H. J. (1968): Penfieldite. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 91, 407-408 (in French).; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Pentahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Percylite'
Description: Later work by the author (Branko Rieck; see ref: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)) showed that the true identity was diaboleite; for details see Kolitsch et al. (2014).
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Peretaite
Formula: Ca(SbO)4(SO4)2(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Perite
Formula: PbBiClO2
Petrukite
Formula: (Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)3(Sn,In)S4
Pharmacoalumite
Formula: KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Philipsbornite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Philipsburgite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (unpubl. SEM-EDS results)
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: FITROS, M. & KOUTSOPOULOU, E. (2014): Appearance of Piemontite from the Area of Lavreotiki. Forum of the Geological Community of Greece, 5 pp. (in Griechisch und Englisch)
Pitticite
Formula: (Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Plagionite
Formula: Pb5Sb8S17
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Plumboagardite
Formula: (Pb,REE,Ca)Cu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Prachařite (TL)
Formula: CaSb5+2(As3+2O5)2O2·10H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Sejkora, J., Topa, D., Kampf, A.R., Plášil, J., Rieck, B. and Fabritz, K.H. (2018) Prachařite, IMA 2018-081. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: xxxx–xxxx.
Preisingerite
Formula: Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Prosopite
Formula: CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Pseudoboleite
Formula: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pseudocotunnite ?
Formula: K2PbCl4
Reference: [MinMax website]
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Pumpellyite-(Al)
Formula: Ca2Al3(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Reference: Schreiber, F. & Hammer, V.M.F. (2007): Lavrion 2003-2007: Es hat sich einiges getan! Neufunde - Nachsuche - Archäologie. Lapis 32 (4), 32-38; 50.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Pyrostilpnite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Hanke, H. (1996): Neues aus Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt, 7 (1), 54-56.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz var: Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Alkiviadis Tsolakos collection
Quenstedtite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
Ramdohrite
Formula: Pb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V, Spry, P.G., Bonsall, T.A., Tarkian, M. & Solomon, Ch. (2008): Carbonate-replacement Pb-Zn-Ag+/-Au mineralization in the Kamariza area, Lavrion, Greece: Mineralogy and thermochemical conditions of formation. Mineralogy & Petrology 94, 85-106. [p. 90, 93]
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: No reference listed
Ramsbeckite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ramsdellite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Ransomite
Formula: CuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
Rapidcreekite
Formula: Ca2(SO4)(CO3) · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Redgillite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Richelsdorfite
Formula: Ca2Cu5Sb(AsO4)4(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Robinsonite
Formula: Pb4Sb6S13
Reference: No reference listed
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
'Roméite Group'
Formula: A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
'Roméite Group var: Bismutostibiconite' ?
Formula: Bi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Rooseveltite
Formula: Bi(AsO4)
Roquesite
Formula: CuInS2
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Rosasite var: Nickeloan Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Rosickýite
Formula: S
Rößlerite
Formula: Mg(HAsO4) · 7H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Rostite
Formula: Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Sailaufite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)2Mn3+3(AsO4)2(CO3)O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Sainfeldite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sarmientite
Formula: Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Schäferite
Formula: Ca2NaMg2(VO4)3
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2017): Crystal chemistry of vanadate garnets from old metallurgical slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 194, 19-25.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Schultenite
Formula: Pb(HAsO4)
Sclarite
Formula: Zn7(CO3)2(OH)10
Reference: Schnorrer, G. (2004): Mineralogische Notizen VIII. Der Aufschluss, 55 (6), 381-384.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Scrutinyite
Formula: α-PbO2
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Semseyite
Formula: Pb9Sb8S21
Senaite
Formula: Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber specimens
Serpierite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Des Cloizeaux (1881) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 4: 89.; Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387. (referring to serpierite from "the Kamareza section of the Laurion mines in Greece."; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 593.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Serpierite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 238, 604-605 (referring to Des Cloizeaux, 1881).; Gröbner, J. (2001) Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
Sewardite
Formula: CaFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Shakhovite
Formula: (Hg+2)Hg2+2(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
Shannonite
Formula: Pb2O(CO3)
Shubnikovite
Formula: Ca2Cu8(AsO4)6(OH)Cl · 7H2O
Description: Samples studied proved to be lavendulan (Gröbner & Kolitsch, 2002). The material reported by Wendel (2000) was only analysed by EDS, but not XRD.
Reference: Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.; J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Sideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Siderotil
Formula: FeSO4 · 5H2O
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sklodowskite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Analysed by Michalis Fitros - personal communication to Gerhard Brandstetter; Simon, P. & Kapellas, K. (2017): Uranmineralien und rote Barytkristalle: Erstfund von Sklodowskit in Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 42 (7-8), 58-65; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Slavíkite
Formula: (H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Slavkovite
Formula: Cu13(AsO4)6(AsO3OH)4·23H2O
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Sofiite ?
Formula: Zn2(SeO3)Cl2
Description: Reported by Skarpelis and Argyraki (2009) without any details on method of analysis; considered questionable by Kolitsch et al. (2014), since no primäre Se mineral is known from Lavrion so far.
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Spherocobaltite
Formula: CoCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Stibarsen
Formula: AsSb
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
'Stibioenargite'
Formula: Cu3(Sb,As)S4
Reference: Strunz (1957) (?)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Strashimirite
Formula: Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Symplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Takovite
Formula: Ni6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: G. Niedermayr and F. Brandstätter (2001) Neufund aus Laurion: Takovit von Sounion, Griechenland. Mineralienwelt 2/2001 (in German)
Talmessite
Formula: Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Wendel, W., Blaß, G., Mühlbauer, W. & Markl, G. (1999): Hilarion - Plaka - Sounion: Lavrion-News 1997-1999. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 64-67; Branko Rieck and Karl-Heinz Fabritz information
Talnakhite
Formula: Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Reference: Möckel, S. (2001): Wallkilldellit und weitere acht Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis 26 (11), 43.
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Tellurobismuthite ?
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110
Thometzekite
Formula: PbCu2+2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Thomsenolite
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Thorikosite (TL)
Formula: Pb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tooeleite
Formula: Fe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Trevorite
Formula: Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hanke, H. (1996): Neues aus Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt, 7 (1), 54-56.
Trippkeite
Formula: Cu2+As3+2O4
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Tripuhyite
Formula: Fe3+Sb5+O4
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: [MinMax website]
Tsumcorite
Formula: PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Tsumoite ?
Formula: BiTe
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.
'Turgite'
Reference: On Jewel Tunnel Imports selenite specimens mined in 2016.
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Uklonskovite
Formula: NaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
'UM1985-07-OH:AlCuSZn'
Formula: [(Zn,Cu)2Al(OH)6][(SO4)0.5 · 3H2O]
Reference: Raade, G., Elliott, C.J., Din, V.K. (1985): New Data on Glaucocerinite. Mineralogical Magazine: 49: 583-590
'UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn'
Formula: (Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
'Unnamed (As-analogue of Zaïrite)'
Formula: (Bi,Pb)Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Unnamed (Ca Arsenate Hydrate)'
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
'Unnamed (Fe2+-analogue of Brandtite)'
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
'Unnamed (Fe2+-analogue of Parabrandtite)'
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
'Unnamed (Na-Ca-Ni Vanadate Garnet)'
Formula: {NaCa2}[Ni2](V5+3)O12
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2017): Crystal chemistry of vanadate garnets from old metallurgical slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 194, 19-25.
'Unnamed (Na-Fe Vanadate Garnet)'
Formula: {Na3}[Fe3+2](V5+3)O12
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2017): Crystal chemistry of vanadate garnets from old metallurgical slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 194, 19-25.
'Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)'
Formula: NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide II)'
Formula: NaPb5(CO3)4(OH)3
'Unnamed (Na-V Oxide)'
Formula: Na1.2V3O8
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Unnamed (Ni-Mg-analogue of Lyonsite)'
Formula: (Ni,□)2(Mg,Ni)2(Fe3+,Ni)4(VO4)6
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
'Unnamed (Ni Vanadate)'
Formula: Ni3(VO4)2
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Unnamed (Orthorhombic dimorph of Barstowite)'
Formula: Pb4CO3Cl6 · H2O
Reference: U. Kolitsch and H. Pristacz (2009): An orthorhombic dimorph of barstowite, Pb4Cl6(CO3)•H2O, from slags at Maria Waitschach, Austria, and Lavrion, Greece. Poster, Joint MinPet 2009 and 4th MSCC, Budapest, Hungary, September 7-11; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 155, 83; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Unnamed (Pb Arsenite Chloride)'
Formula: Pb5(AsO3)Cl7
'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)'
Formula: Pb6Cu(AsO3)2Cl7
'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Chloride-Hydroxide)'
Formula: Pb, Cu, Cl, O, H
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection (PXRD- and EDS-analysed by Uwe Kolitsch)
'Unnamed (Pb Diarsenite-Chloride-Hydrate)'
Formula: Pb9(H2O)3(As2O5)2Cl10
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)'
Formula: Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H
'Unnamed (Pb Hydrogen Arsenite Chloride)'
Formula: Pb2(HAsO3)Cl2
Reference: Siidra, O.I., Krivovichev, S.V., Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A., Voudouris, P. (2011): The crystal structure of Pb5(As3+O3)Cl7 from the historic slags of Lavrion, Greece – a novel Pb(II) chloride arsenite. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 337-345.
'Unnamed (Pb Oxide Chloride)'
Formula: α-3PbO · PbCl2
Reference: Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German); Hochleitner, R. (1981): Lavrion - die Mineralien der antiken Bleischlacken. Lapis 6 (9), 9-14 (in German).
'Unnamed (Zn Sulphate-Hydroxide-Chloride-Hydrate)'
Formula: Zn9(SO4)2(OH)12Cl2 · 6H2O
Reference: U. Kolitsch and Giester, G. (2013) The crystal structure of a new secondary zinc mineral from Lavrion, Greece: Zn9(SO4)2(OH)12Cl2•6H2O. Poster, MinPet 2013, September 19-23; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 159, 74. [http://erdwissenschaften.uni-graz.at/aktuelles/veranstaltungen/minpet2013/downloads/ThirdCircular2013_Final.pdf]; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G., and Gröbner, J. (2014) Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Uranospinite
Formula: Ca(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Michalis Fitros collection (EDS analysis); Branko Rieck collection (EDS and SXRD analyses)
Ustarasite
Formula: Pb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
Reference: VOUDOURIS, P. (2005): Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit Attika/Greece. In: Mao, J.W. and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral deposit research: Meeting the global challenge. Springer, Berlin, 1089-1092.; Voudouris, P. (2005). Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. In Mineral deposit research: meeting the global challenge (pp. 1089-1092). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vauquelinite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1996): Eine Antimonit-Paragenese und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 21 (11), 40-42; 62; Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Veenite
Formula: Pb2(Sb,As)2S5
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110
Vernadite
Formula: (Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2O
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. Poster, MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Veszelyite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Vladimirite
Formula: Ca4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Voudourisite (TL)
Formula: CdSO4·H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. and Giester, G. (2012) Voudourisite, IMA 2012-042. CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1287; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Wad'
Wallkilldellite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2001): Wallkilldellit und weitere acht Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis 26 (11), 43.
Warikahnite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Weilerite ?
Formula: BaAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Description: Hanke does not mention any analysis. Weilerite can only be distinguished from Arsenogorceixite if As/S = 1, or by SXRD (See Http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,11,339859,376418)
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998) Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.; Http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,11,339859,376418
'Whitlockite Group'
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Willemseite
Formula: Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Woodruffite
Formula: Zn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMn3+x)O2·yH2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2001): Wallkilldellit und weitere acht Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis 26 (11), 43.
Woodwardite
Formula: Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Wroewolfeite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Reference: Stephan Wolfsried specimen
Xanthiosite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2
Reference: Rieck, B.: Lapis (1999)(7/8),68-76.
Xanthoconite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Yaroslavite
Formula: Ca3Al2F10(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Yukonite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Zaccagnaite
Formula: Zn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Zálesíite
Formula: CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Zavaritskite
Formula: (BiO)F
Zdenĕkite
Formula: NaPbCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
'Zeiringite'
Reference: www.butterfields.com/areas/nh/7427x_eggs/0101-02001.htm.
Zeunerite ?
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Simon, P. & Kapellas, K. (2017): Uranmineralien und rote Barytkristalle: Erstfund von Sklodowskit in Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 42 (7-8), 58-65.
Zincaluminite (TL)
Formula: Zn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
Reference: Bertrand and Damour (1881): Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 4: 135, 136.; Damour, A. & Bertrand, E. (1882): Zinc aluminite, a new mineral species. Jahrb. f. Mineral. 2, 351-352 (in German(?)).; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 580.
Zincite
Formula: ZnO
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1991): Neue Funde aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 16 (6), 21-23; 58.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Zincmelanterite
Formula: (Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2O
Zincocopiapite
Formula: ZnFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
Zincolivenite (TL)
Formula: CuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Pasero, M., Merlino, S., Möckel, S., Rabadanov, M.Kh., Belakovskiy, D.I. (2007): Zincolivenite CuZn(AsO4)(OH): A new adamite-group mineral with ordered distribution of Cu and Zn. Transactions (Doklady) of the Russian Academy of Sciences/Earth Science Section, 415A, 841-845.
Zincowoodwardite (TL)
Formula: Zn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Reference: T. Witzke & G. Raade (2000): Zincowoodwardite, [Zn 1-x Al x (OH) 2] [(SO 4) x/2 (H 2 O) n], a new mineral of the hydrotalcite group.- Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 455-465
Zincrosasite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Reference: No reference listed
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Zýkaite
Formula: Fe3+4(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Arsenolamprite1.CA.10As
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Rosickýite1.CC.05S
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Stibarsen1.CA.05AsSb
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
var: Argentoaikinite2.HB.05a(Pb,Ag)CuBiS3
Alabandite ?2.CD.10MnS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Anilite2.BA.10Cu7S4
Argentopyrite2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Betekhtinite2.BE.05(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Briartite2.KA.10Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Cattierite2.EB.05aCoS2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Dadsonite2.HC.30Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Diaphorite2.JB.05Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Dimorphite2.FA.10As4S3
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Falkmanite2.HC.15Pb3Sb2S6
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Freibergite2.GB.05(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Freieslebenite2.JB.15AgPbSbS3
Fülöppite2.HC.10aPb3Sb8S15
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Geocronite2.JB.30aPb14(Sb,As)6S23
Germanite2.CB.30Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Hawleyite2.CB.05aCdS
Heteromorphite2.HC.10cPb7Sb8S19
Heyrovskýite2.JB.40bPb6Bi2S9
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Krupkaite2.HB.05aPbCuBi3S6
Lillianite2.JB.40aPb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Marrite2.JB.15AgPbAsS3
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
var: Cupromatildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Mooihoekite2.CB.10bCu9Fe9S16
Mummeite2.JA.05fCu0.58Ag3.11Pb1.10Bi6.65S13
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Nuffieldite2.JB.25gCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
var: Argentonuffieldite2.JB.25gCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Ourayite2.JB.40cAg3Pb4Bi5S13
Owyheeite2.HC.35Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petrukite2.KA.05(Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)3(Sn,In)S4
Plagionite2.HC.10bPb5Sb8S17
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrostilpnite2.GA.10Ag3SbS3
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Pääkkönenite2.DB.05Sb2AsS2
Ramdohrite2.JB.40aPb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Rickardite2.BA.30Cu7Te5
Robinsonite2.HC.20Pb4Sb6S13
Roquesite2.CB.10aCuInS2
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Semseyite2.HC.10dPb9Sb8S21
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Talnakhite2.CB.10bCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Tellurobismuthite ?2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Tsumoite ?2.DC.05BiTe
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Ustarasite2.JB.40ePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
Vaesite2.EB.05aNiS2
Veenite2.HC.05dPb2(Sb,As)2S5
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Xanthoconite2.GA.10Ag3AsS3
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Anthonyite3.DA.40Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Barstowite3.DC.95Pb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Blixite3.DC.50Pb2(O,OH)2Cl
Bobkingite3.DA.50Cu5Cl2(OH)8 · 2H2O
Boleite3.DB.15KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Botallackite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Calumetite3.DA.40CaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
Carlhintzeite3.CB.45Ca2[AlF6]F · H2O
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite3.AA.15Ag(Cl,Br)
Chloroxiphite3.DB.30Pb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
Claringbullite3.DA.15Cu4ClF(OH)6
Clinoatacamite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cotunnite3.DC.85PbCl2
Creedite3.CG.15Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cumengeite3.DB.20Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Damaraite3.DC.75Pb3Cl(OH)O2
Diaboleite3.DB.05Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Ecdemite3.DC.65Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Fiedlerite (TL)3.DC.10Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Heliophyllite3.DC.65Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Herbertsmithite3.DA.10cCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Kapellasite (TL)3.DA.10cCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Laurelite3.DC.20Pb7F12Cl2
Laurionite (TL)3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Matlockite3.DC.25PbFCl
Mendipite3.DC.70Pb3Cl2O2
Murdochite3.DB.45PbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Paralaurionite (TL)3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Penfieldite (TL)3.DC.15Pb2Cl3(OH)
Perite3.DC.30PbBiClO2
Prosopite3.CD.10CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Pseudoboleite3.DB.10Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Pseudocotunnite ?3.DC.90K2PbCl4
Thomsenolite3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Thorikosite (TL)3.DC.40Pb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
Yaroslavite3.CB.50Ca3Al2F10(OH)2 · H2O
Zavaritskite3.DC.25(BiO)F
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Akaganeite4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Asbolane4.FL.30(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Aurorite4.FL.20(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Bannermanite4.HF.05(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Barnesite4.HG.45(Na,Ca)V6O16 · 3H2O
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Brannerite4.DH.05UTi2O6
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Chadwickite4.JA.60(UO2)[HAsO3]
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Claudetite4.CB.45As2O3
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Delafossite4.AB.15CuFeO2
Dzhalindite4.FC.05In(OH)3
Feroxyhyte4.FE.40Fe3+O(OH)
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Fougèrite4.FL.05Fe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
Freedite4.JB.65Cu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Georgiadèsite (TL)4.JB.70Pb4(AsO3)Cl4(OH)
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Grantsite4.HG.55(Na,Ca)2+x(V5+,V4+)6O16 · 4H2O
Groutite4.FD.10Mn3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
var: Hydrohetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Huemulite4.HG.10Na4Mg(V10O28) · 24H2O
Hydrocalumite4.FL.10Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Ianthinite4.GA.10U4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Ludlockite4.JA.45PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganarsite4.JB.10Mn3(As2O4)(OH)4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Manjiroite4.DK.05aNa(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Meixnerite4.FL.05Mg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2O
Metamunirite4.HD.20NaVO3
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Monteponite4.AB.25CdO
Nealite (TL)4.JD.05Pb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Nordstrandite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Omsite4.FB.Ni2Fe3+(OH)6[Sb(OH)6]
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Paramelaconite4.AA.15Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Pascoite4.HC.05Ca3(V10O28) · 17H2O
Paulmooreite4.JA.50Pb2[As2O5]
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ramsdellite4.DB.15aMn4+O2
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
'Roméite Group'4.DH.A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
'var: Bismutostibiconite' ?4.DH.Bi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Scrutinyite4.DB.20α-PbO2
Senaite4.CC.40Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
Shakhovite4.FB.05(Hg+2)Hg2+2(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
Sofiite ?4.JG.15Zn2(SeO3)Cl2
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tooeleite4.JD.15Fe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Trevorite4.BB.05Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Trippkeite4.JA.20Cu2+As3+2O4
Tripuhyite4.DB.05Fe3+Sb5+O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Vernadite4.FE.40(Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2O
Woodruffite4.FL.25Zn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMn3+x)O2·yH2O
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
Zincite4.AB.20ZnO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Alumohydrocalcite5.DB.05CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Andersonite5.ED.30Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Flos Ferri5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Plumboan Aragonite5.AB.15(Ca,Pb)CO3
Artinite5.DA.10Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Barringtonite' ?5.CA.15MgCO3 · 2H2O
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)5.BD.20aLa(CO3)F
Bayleyite5.ED.05Mg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
Beyerite5.BE.35Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Brianyoungite5.BF.30Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Dundasite5.DB.10PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Dypingite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Gaspéite5.AB.05Ni(CO3)
Georgeite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Glaukosphaerite ?5.BA.10(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Huntite5.AB.25CaMg3(CO3)4
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2