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Iivaara (Ijola), Kuusamo, North Ostrobothnia, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
Iivaara (Ijola)- not defined -
KuusamoMunicipality
North OstrobothniaRegion
FinlandCountry

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 66° North , 29° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~17km
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate


Alkaline complex with ijolites grading to fenitic syenites. (The name ijolite comes from Ijola).

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Karelian-Kola Alkaline Ultramafic and Carbonatitic Province, Finland/RussiaGeologic Province

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


22 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Al-Ani, T., Sarapää, O. and Torppa, A. 2010. Petrography and mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks, 22 s. Gelogian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M 42/ 2010/ 15.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Al-Ani, T., Sarapää, O. and Torppa, A. 2010. Petrography and mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks, 22 s. Gelogian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M 42/ 2010/ 15.; Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Lehijärvi, Mauno 1960. the alkali districk of Iivaara, Kuusamo, Finland. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande. N:otitanite 189, p.189-62, illus.
'Apatite'
Reference: Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Sahama, T. G. (1958). A complex form of natural nepheline from Iivaara, Finland. American Mineralogist, 43(1-2), 165-166.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Al-Ani, T., Sarapää, O. and Torppa, A. 2010. Petrography and mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks, 22 s. Gelogian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M 42/ 2010/ 15.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Al-Ani, T., Sarapää, O. and Torppa, A. 2010. Petrography and mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks, 22 s. Gelogian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M 42/ 2010/ 15.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Lehijärvi, Mauno 1960. the alkali districk of Iivaara, Kuusamo, Finland. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande. N:otitanite 189, p.189-62, illus.
Fluorapatite var: Strontian Apatite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)5(PO4)3F
Reference: Al-Ani, T., Sarapää, O. and Torppa, A. 2010. Petrography and mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks, 22 s. Gelogian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M 42/ 2010/ 15.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Lehijärvi, Mauno 1960. the alkali districk of Iivaara, Kuusamo, Finland. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande. N:otitanite 189, p.189-62, illus.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Al-Ani, T., Sarapää, O. and Torppa, A. 2010. Petrography and mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks, 22 s. Gelogian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M 42/ 2010/ 15.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Al-Ani, T., Sarapää, O. and Torppa, A. 2010. Petrography and mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks, 22 s. Gelogian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M 42/ 2010/ 15.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Lehijärvi, Mauno 1960. the alkali districk of Iivaara, Kuusamo, Finland. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande. N:otitanite 189, p.189-62, illus.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Sahama, T. G. (1958). A complex form of natural nepheline from Iivaara, Finland. American Mineralogist, 43(1-2), 165-166.; Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Al-Ani, T., Sarapää, O. and Torppa, A. 2010. Petrography and mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks, 22 s. Gelogian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M 42/ 2010/ 15.
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Lehijärvi, Mauno 1960. the alkali districk of Iivaara, Kuusamo, Finland. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande. N:otitanite 189, p.189-62, illus.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Al-Ani, T., Sarapää, O. and Torppa, A. 2010. Petrography and mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks, 22 s. Gelogian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M 42/ 2010/ 15.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Al-Ani, T., Sarapää, O. and Torppa, A. 2010. Petrography and mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks, 22 s. Gelogian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M 42/ 2010/ 15.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Al-Ani, T., Sarapää, O. and Torppa, A. 2010. Petrography and mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks, 22 s. Gelogian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M 42/ 2010/ 15.
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Description: Originally described as "iivaarite"
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., & McCammon, C. A. (2005). Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 32(4), 277-289.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Lehijärvi, Mauno 1960. the alkali districk of Iivaara, Kuusamo, Finland. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande. N:otitanite 189, p.189-62, illus.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Lehijärvi, Mauno 1960. the alkali districk of Iivaara, Kuusamo, Finland. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande. N:otitanite 189, p.189-62, illus.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Lehijärvi, Mauno 1960. the alkali districk of Iivaara, Kuusamo, Finland. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande. N:otitanite 189, p.189-62, illus.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Al-Ani, T., Sarapää, O. and Torppa, A. 2010. Petrography and mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks, 22 s. Gelogian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M 42/ 2010/ 15.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Strontian Apatite8.BN.05(Ca,Sr)5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorlomite9.AD.25Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Hornblende'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Schorlomite51.4.3c.1Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-
Fluorapatite
var: Strontian Apatite
-(Ca,Sr)5(PO4)3F
'Hornblende'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CCarbon
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Fluorapatite (var: Strontian Apatite)(Ca,Sr)5(PO4)3F
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluorapatite (var: Strontian Apatite)(Ca,Sr)5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Fluorapatite (var: Strontian Apatite)(Ca,Sr)5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
KPotassium
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Strontian Apatite)(Ca,Sr)5(PO4)3F
TiTitanium
Ti SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
SrStrontium
Sr Fluorapatite (var: Strontian Apatite)(Ca,Sr)5(PO4)3F
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

References

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Lehijärvi, Mauno 1960. The alkaline district of Iivaara, Kuusamo, Finland. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande N:o 185, p. 1-62, illus.

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