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Tonga Platei
Regional Level Types
Tonga PlateTectonic Plate

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Nuku‘alofa22,400 (2015)
Neiafu4,320 (2015)
Haveluloto3,417 (2013)
Vaini2,976 (2013)
Pangai1,738 (2013)
‘Ohonua1,241 (2013)


A small tectonic plate between the Australian Plate and the Indo-Australian Plate.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

32 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bauer, G.R. (1970) The Geology of Tofua Island, Tonga. Pacific Science, 24, 333-350.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Bauer, G.R. (1970) The Geology of Tofua Island, Tonga. Pacific Science, 24, 333-350.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Park, J. W., Campbell, I. H., & Kim, J. (2016). Abundances of platinum group elements in native sulfur condensates from the Niuatahi-Motutahi submarine volcano, Tonga rear arc: Implications for PGE mineralization in porphyry deposits. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 174, 236-246.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Park, J. W., Campbell, I. H., & Kim, J. (2016). Abundances of platinum group elements in native sulfur condensates from the Niuatahi-Motutahi submarine volcano, Tonga rear arc: Implications for PGE mineralization in porphyry deposits. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 174, 236-246.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Bauer, G.R. (1970) The Geology of Tofua Island, Tonga. Pacific Science, 24, 333-350.
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Reference: Schwarz-Schampera, U.,et al. (2007) Cruise Report SONNE 192/2, MANGO. Marine Geoscientific Research on Input and Output in the Tonga-Kermadec Subduction Zone
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
'Glass'
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Schwarz-Schampera, U.,et al. (2007) Cruise Report SONNE 192/2, MANGO. Marine Geoscientific Research on Input and Output in the Tonga-Kermadec Subduction Zone
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Park, J. W., Campbell, I. H., & Kim, J. (2016). Abundances of platinum group elements in native sulfur condensates from the Niuatahi-Motutahi submarine volcano, Tonga rear arc: Implications for PGE mineralization in porphyry deposits. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 174, 236-246.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Bauer, G.R. (1970) The Geology of Tofua Island, Tonga. Pacific Science, 24, 333-350.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Bauer, G.R. (1970) The Geology of Tofua Island, Tonga. Pacific Science, 24, 333-350.
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Lautite
Formula: CuAsS
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Locality: 'Ata, Tonga
Reference: Johnstone, R.D. (1980) Geology, mineralogy, petrology and geochemistry of the volcanic island of 'Ata, Tonga. Thesis (Master of Science), University of Otago, 187 pp.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Schwarz-Schampera, U.,et al. (2007) Cruise Report SONNE 192/2, MANGO. Marine Geoscientific Research on Input and Output in the Tonga-Kermadec Subduction Zone
Molysite
Formula: FeCl3
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Park, J. W., Campbell, I. H., & Kim, J. (2016). Abundances of platinum group elements in native sulfur condensates from the Niuatahi-Motutahi submarine volcano, Tonga rear arc: Implications for PGE mineralization in porphyry deposits. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 174, 236-246.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Locality: 'Ata, Tonga
Reference: Johnstone, R.D. (1980) Geology, mineralogy, petrology and geochemistry of the volcanic island of 'Ata, Tonga. Thesis (Master of Science), University of Otago, 187 pp.
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Bauer, G.R. (1970) The Geology of Tofua Island, Tonga. Pacific Science, 24, 333-350.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rudashevskyite
Formula: (Fe,Zn)S
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stannoidite
Formula: Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Sulphur
Formula: S8
'Tennantite' ?
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Reference: Park, J. W., Campbell, I. H., & Kim, J. (2016). Abundances of platinum group elements in native sulfur condensates from the Niuatahi-Motutahi submarine volcano, Tonga rear arc: Implications for PGE mineralization in porphyry deposits. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 174, 236-246.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
'Zeolite Group'
Locality: 'Ata, Tonga
Reference: Vallier, T.L., Stevenson, A.J., Scholl, D.W. (1985) Petrology of igneous rocks of Ata Island, Kingdom of Tonga. In: Scholl, D.W., Vallier, T.L. (compilers & editors), Geology and offshore resources of Pacific island arcs - Tonga region. Circum-Pacific Council for Energy and Mineral Resources, Earth Science Series, volume 2, 301-306.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Kësterite 2.CB.15aCu2ZnSnS4
Lautite2.CB.40CuAsS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Rudashevskyite2.CB.05a(Fe,Zn)S
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannoidite2.CB.15cCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
'Tennantite' ?2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Molysite3.AC.10FeCl3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Anorthite
var: Labradorite
9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Glass'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Rudashevskyite2.8.2.7(Fe,Zn)S
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Kësterite 2.9.2.9Cu2ZnSnS4
Stannoidite2.9.3.3Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Lautite2.12.8.1CuAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite' ?3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
A2X3
Ferrihydrite4.3.2.2Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
AX3
Molysite9.3.1.1FeCl3
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Anorthite
var: Labradorite
-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Glass'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
OOxygen
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O CristobaliteSiO2
O FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O PericlaseMgO
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na HaliteNaCl
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
MgMagnesium
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg PericlaseMgO
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
AlAluminium
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
SiSilicon
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S SulphurS8
S PyriteFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
S LautiteCuAsS
S Rudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)S
S StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S ChalcociteCu2S
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S TroiliteFeS
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl MolysiteFeCl3
CaCalcium
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
TiTitanium
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Rudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)S
Fe StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MolysiteFeCl3
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CuCopper
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Cu LautiteCuAsS
Cu StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
ZnZinc
Zn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Zn Rudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)S
Zn StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As LautiteCuAsS
As TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
SnTin
Sn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Sn StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Sleeper, J.D., Martinez, F. (2016) Geology and kinematics of the Niuafo’ou microplate in the northern Lau Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 121.

External Links


Localities in this Region

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