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Amur Platei
Regional Level Types
Amur PlateTectonic Plate

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Seoul10,349,312 (2015)
Shenyang6,255,921 (2018)
Harbin5,878,939 (2017)
Changchun4,193,073 (2018)
Busan3,678,555 (2016)
Pyongyang3,222,000 (2016)


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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

1324 valid minerals. 151 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 4 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 4 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

'Adamellite'

'Albite syenite'

'Albitite'

Albitized granite

Alkali basalt

'Alkali gabbro'

'Alkali olivine basalt'

Amphibolite

Andesite

'Andesite-basalt'

'Andesitic tuff'

Andesitoid

'Anomalous PMG pallasite meteorite'

Anorthosite

'Aplite'

'Aplitic granite'

'Arkose'

'Banakite'

Basalt

Basaltic-andesite

Basaltic-trachyandesite

Basanite

'Belugite'

Beresite

'Biotite gneiss'

'Biotite granite'

Biotitite

Breccia

'Brecciated andesite'

Brucite-marble

CK4 chondrite meteorite

Calcite-carbonatite

Camptonite

Carbonate rock

Carbonatite

Chert

Chromitite

Clay

'Clinker'

Coal

Comenditic rhyolite

Conglomerate

'Cortlandite'

'Covite'

'Crystal tuff'

Dacite

Diatomite

Diorite

'Dolerite'

Dolostone

Dunite

Eclogite

'Endoskarn'

'Episyenite'

'Exoskarn'

'Feldspar porphyry'

'Felsite'

Fenite

Foidite

Gabbro

'Gabbrodiorite'

Gabbronorite

Gneiss

Granite

Granitoid

Granodiorite

'Granophyric granite'

'Granosyenite'

'Graphite schist'

Gravel

Greenschist

Greenstone

Greisen

'Gritstone'

'H3-4 chondrite meteorite'

H5 chondrite meteorite

Harzburgite

Hawaiite

'Hornblende gneiss'

'Hornblende-biotite granite'

Hornfels

'Hydrothermal breccia'

'I-type granite'

IIAB iron meteorite

IIIAB iron meteorite

IVA iron meteorite

'Ignimbritic tuff'

Ijolite

Iron meteorite

'Jade'

Jadeitite

'L/LL6-an chondrite meteorite'

L3 chondrite meteorite

L4 chondrite meteorite

L6 chondrite meteorite

Lamprophyre

Latite

Leucite-tephrite

'Leucocratic nephelinolite'

'Leucogranite'

'Leucosyenite'

Lherzolite

Lignite

Limestone

Listvenite

Magnesite-stone

Marble

'Melasyenite'

'Menilite'

Mesosiderite meteorite

Mesosiderite-B4 meteorite

Metachert

Metaclinopyroxenite

Metadiorite

'Metadolerite'

Metagabbro

Metahornblendite

Metamudstone

Metasandstone

Metasiltstone

Metasomatic-rock

'Microclinite'

'Microdiorite'

'Microsyenite'

Migmatite

Minette

Monzodiorite

Monzogranite

Monzonite

Mudstone

Mugearite

Mylonite

'Nepheline trachyte'

Nepheline-syenite

Nephelinite

Nephrite

Norite

'Olivine basalt'

Omphacitite

'Ophiolite'

Pantelleritic rhyolite

'Pegmatite'

'Pegmatoid'

'Peralkaline alkali-feldspar-granite'

'Peralkaline rhyolite'

'Peralkaline syenite'

'Peralkaline trachyte'

Peridotite

Phonolite

Phonolitic-tephrite

Phosphorite

Phyllite

Picrite

'Porphyrite'

'Porphyritic granite'

'Porphyritic rhyolite'

'Porphyry'

Propylite

Pyroclastic-rock

Pyroxenite

'Quartz porphyry'

Quartz-diorite

Quartz-monzodiorite

Quartz-monzonite

Quartz-syenite

Quartzite

Rhyodacite

Rhyolite

'Rhyolitic tuff'

Rhyolitoid

Rodingite

Sand

Sandstone

Schist

Sedimentary rock

Serpentinite

Shale

Silt

Siltstone

Skarn

Slate

Spessartite

Spilite

'Spinel lherzolite'

Syenite

Syenogranite

Søvite

Tephrite

'Theralite'

'Tholeiitic basalt'

'Tinguaite'

Trachyandesite

Trachybasalt

Trachyte

Troctolite

Tuff

Tuff-breccia

Tuffaceous-sandstone

Volcanic breccia

'Volcanic rock'

Websterite

Wehrlite

Welded tuff

Detailed Mineral List:

Abswurmbachite
Formula: CuMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Abuite (TL)
Formula: CaAl2(PO4)2F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Enju, S. and Uehara, S. (2015) Abuite, IMA 2014-084. CNMNC Newsletter No. 23, February 2015, page 58; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 51; Enju, S. & Uehara, S. (2017): Abuite, CaAl2(PO4)2F2, a new mineral from the Hinomaru–Nago mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 112, 109–115.
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 116 localities in this region.
Reference: Xu, Z.; Sun, J.; Liang, X.; Xu, Z.; Chu, X. (2020) Geochronology, Geochemistry, and Pb–Hf Isotopic Composition of Mineralization-Related Magmatic Rocks in the Erdaohezi Pb–Zn Polymetallic Deposit, Great Xing’an Range, Northeast China. Minerals 10, 274.
Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Localities: Reported from at least 118 localities in this region.
Reference: Miyashiro, A. and Iwasaki, M. (1957) Magnesioriebeckite in crystalline schists of Bizan in Sikoku, Japan. Journal of the Geological Society of Japan, 63, 698
Adachiite (TL)
Formula: CaFe3Al6(Si5AlO18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Nishio-Hamane, D., Minakawa, T., Yamaura, J., Oyama, T., Ohnishi, M., Shimobayashi, N. (2014): Adachiite, a Si-poor member of the tourmaline supergroup from the Kiura mine, Oita Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109, 74-78.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Uehara, S., et al (2014) MInerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
Adamite var. Copper-bearing Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Reference: Miyashiro, A. and Iwasaki, M. (1957) Magnesioriebeckite in crystalline schists of Bizan in Sikoku, Japan. Journal of the Geological Society of Japan, 63, 698
Aegirine var. Titanian Aegirine
Formula: Na(Fe,Ti)Si2O6
Reference: Nagao, T., Matsumoto, Y., Matsuda, T., Iizumi, S., & Oda, M. (1986). Cenozoic minette from Kawamoto district, Shimane Prefecture, Southwest Japan. The Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 81(10), 423-426. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M. J., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lamere, J. (2002). Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of terms; Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences. In Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous rocks. Cambridge University Press.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: ASAKAWA, Y., & YAMADA, T. (1980). Alkaline rocks from the northeast of Mt. Jonen-dake, Japan Alps, central Japan. The Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 75(9), 281-299.
Aegirine-augite var. Urbanite
Reference: M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Reference: Kuno, H. (1960). High-alumina basalt. Journal of petrology, 1(1), 121-145. SAWAI, M., & SHIMAZU, M. (1979). A trachyte dike in the northern part of Shidara area, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. The Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 74(2), 68-78.
'Aeschynite'
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.); ex-Okamoto collection, now (2015) on display at Hakusekikan museum, Hirukawa.
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Description: central parts of some aeschynite-(Nd) grains in Q-KFS metasomatites. аn.1 (Ce0.22Nd0.21Y0.07Pr0.05Sm0.04Dy0.03Ca0.22Th0.13U0.01)1.02(Nb1.03Ti0.81Ta0.06Fe3+0.11)2.01O6 аn.2 (Ce0.23Nd0.20Y0.11Sm0.04Pr0.03Ca0.16Th0.06)0.83(Nb1.01Ti0.98Ta0.03)2.01O5.04(OH)0.60
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Aeschynite-(Nd)
Formula: (Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Habit: tabular crystals up to 1.5 cm long
Colour: redish-brown
Fluorescence: none
Description: main ore mineral of deep horizonts of Q-KFS metasomatites. In silicified recrystallized zones and in pegmatites form well shaped crystals, may be the best in the world. аn.13 (Nd0.24Ce0.15Y0.07Sm0.06Pr0.04Gd0.03Ca0.29Th0.08U0.01)0.97(Nb1.12Ti0.88)2O5.80(OH)0.20 calcian variety, аn.14 (Nd0.22Ce0.15Y0.08Sm0.07Pr0.04Gd0.03Dy0.03Ca0.14Th0.14)0.90(Nb0.92Ti1.00Fe3+0.08)2O5.50(OH)0.50 thorian variety, ан.19 (Nd0.18Y0.18Ce0.14Sm0.07Pr0.04Gd0.04Dy0.02Ca0.18Fe2+0.04Th0.07U0.02)0.98(Nb0.94Ti1.06)2O5.80(OH)0.20 yttrian variety transitive to aeschynite-(Y)
Reference: P.M. Kartashov analytical data (2002)
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Afwillite
Formula: Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: KUSACHI, I., HENM, C., & HENMI, K. (1989). Afwillite and jennite from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Journal, 14, 279-292. ; Mineralogical Journal Vol. 14 (1989) , No. 7 pp 279-292; Henmi, C., & Kusachi, I. (1992). Clinotobermorite, Ca5Si6 (O, OH) 18· 5H2O, a new mineral from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(3), 353-358.
'Agardite'
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Agrellite
Formula: NaCa2Si4O10F
Reference: MOU, B., & YAN, G. (1992). Geological features of Triassic alkaline and subalkaline igneous complexes in the Yan-Liao area. ACTA GEOLOGICA SINICA-ENGLISH EDITION, 5(4), 339-355. Saima Deposit Research Group. (1978). Uranium deposit in the Saima alkaline massif, Northeast China. Sci. Sinica, 21, 365-389. Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Marks, M. A., Liu, Z. C., Zhou, Q., Ge, W. C., ... & Markl, G. (2010). In situ U–Pb, Sr, Nd and Hf isotopic analysis of eudialyte by LA-(MC)-ICP-MS. Chemical Geology, 273(1-2), 8-34. Wu, B., Wang, R. C., Yang, J. H., Wu, F. Y., Zhang, W. L., Gu, X. P., & Zhang, A. C. (2015). Wadeite (K2ZrSi3O9), an alkali-zirconosilicate from the Saima agpaitic rocks in northeastern China: Its origin and response to multi-stage activities of alkaline fluids. Lithos, 224, 126-142.
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Morishita, Y., Hammond, N. Q., Momii, K., Konagaya, R., Sano, Y., Takahata, N., & Ueno, H. (2019). Invisible Gold in Pyrite from Epithermal, Banded-Iron-Formation-Hosted, and Sedimentary Gold Deposits: Evidence of Hydrothermal Influence. Minerals, 9(7), 447.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Volkov, A.V., Egorov, V.N., Prokof’ev, V.Y., Sidorov, A.A., Goryachev, N.A., and Biryukov, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(4), 275-298.; Vakh, A. S., Khomich, V. G., Boriskina, N. G., & Santosh, M. (2016). The Berezitovoe gold-polymetallic deposit (Upper Amur region, Russia): Structure, mineralogy and genetic aspects. Geoscience Frontiers, 7(3), 483-494.
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Reference: Sharygin, V. V. Phase CuCrS Meteorite 2 in Uakit Iron (IIAB), Buryatia, Russia: Preliminary Data. In Minerals: Structure, Properties, Methods of Investigation: 9th Geoscience Conference for Young Scientists, Ekaterinburg, Russia, February 5–8, 2018 (p. 229). Springer.
Akatoreite
Formula: Mn2+9Al2Si8O24(OH)8
Description: Originally reported "akatoreite" later turned out to be bunnoite (Nishio-Hamane et al., 2016).
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara; Nishio-Hamane, D., Momma, K., Miyawaki, R., Minakawa, T. (2016): Bunnoite, a new hydrous manganese aluminosilicate from Kamo Mountain, Kochi prefecture, Japan. Mineralogy and Petrology 110, 917-926.
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Akhtenskite
Formula: ε-Mn4+O2
Reference: J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III (1997)
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Reference: Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.; Katsu Kaneko (1956) Symposium del Manganeso, XX Congreso Geologico Internacional, Mexico D.F.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 291 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Zaraisky.html (Previously published in: Mineral Deposits: Research and Exploration Where do They Meet? Proceedings of the Fourth Biennial SGA Meeting , Turku/Finland/11-13 August 1997) and F.G. Reyf et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, 2000, Volume 38, number 4, Pages 915-936.; Thomas, R., Davidson, P., & Badanina, E. (2009). A melt and fluid inclusion assemblage in beryl from pegmatite in the Orlovka amazonite granite, East Transbaikalia, Russia: implications for pegmatite-forming melt systems. Mineralogy and Petrology, 96(3-4), 129-140.; Dolgopolova, A., Seltmann, R., Kober, B., Weiss, D., Stanley, C., & Dulski, P. (2004). Geochemical characteristics and lead isotope systematics of highly fractionated Li–F-enriched amazonite granites and related host rocks of the Orlovka–Spokoinoe mining district, Eastern Transbaikalia (Russia). Applied Earth Science, 113(1), 83-99.
Albite var. Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Description: "potash-andesine"
Reference: Masaru Yamaguchi (1964) Petrogenic Significance of Ultrabasic Inclusions in Basaltic Rocks from Southwest Japan. Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 163-219.
Albite var. Anorthoclase
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Hirai, H., & Arai, S. (1983). Finding of nepheline in some alkali basalts from southwestern Japan. The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan, 89(9), 531-534. YAMAGUCHI, M. (1964). Petrogenetic significance of ultrabasic inclusions in basaltic rocks from southwest Japan. Mem. Fac. Sci. Kyushu Univ., Ser. D, 15, 163-219.
Albite var. Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Deshi Lu (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(6), 8-12
Albite var. Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Zaraisky.html (Previously published in: Mineral Deposits: Research and Exploration Where do They Meet? Proceedings of the Fourth Biennial SGA Meeting , Turku/Finland/11-13 August 1997) and F.G. Reyf et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, 2000, Volume 38, number 4, Pages 915-936.
Albite var. Oligoclase-Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Jingzhan Zhu, Guohui Zhang, Qingsong Du, and Jing He (2013): Northwestern Geology 46(4), 207-214
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 124 localities in this region.
Reference: Xu, Z.; Sun, J.; Liang, X.; Xu, Z.; Chu, X. (2020) Geochronology, Geochemistry, and Pb–Hf Isotopic Composition of Mineralization-Related Magmatic Rocks in the Erdaohezi Pb–Zn Polymetallic Deposit, Great Xing’an Range, Northeast China. Minerals 10, 274.
Aleksite
Formula: PbBi2Te2S2
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
'Alkali amphibole'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Dostal, J., Owen, J. V., Shellnutt, J. G., Keppie, J. D., Gerel, O., & Corney, R. (2015). Petrogenesis of the Triassic Bayan-Ulan alkaline granitic pluton in the North Gobi rift of central Mongolia: Implications for the evolution of Early Mesozoic granitoid magmatism in the Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 109, 50-62.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Zhang, X.; Yao, C.; Lentz, D.R.; Qin, Y.; Wei, Y.; Zhao, F.; Yang, Z.; Liu, R.; Zhang, Z. (2020) Re-Os Geochronology, Whole-Rock and Radiogenic Isotope Geochemistry of the Wulandele Porphyry Molybdenum Deposit in Inner Mongolia, China, and Their Geological Significance. Minerals 10, 374.
'Alkali pyroxene'
Reference: Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.152 Paek, R.J., Gap, K.H., & Jon, G.P. (eds) 1996. Geology of Korea. Foreign languages books publishing house, Pyongyang.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Reference: Mineralogical Journal Vol. 8 (1975) , No. 1 pp110-121; Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Reference: Izbrodin, I.A., Ripp, G.S., and Doroshkevich, A.G. (2010) Aluminium phosphate and phosphate-sulphate minerals in kyanite schists of the Ichetuyskoye area, West Transbaikalia, Russia: crystal chemistry and evolution. Mineralogy and Petrology: 101: 81-96.
Allanite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Tanaka, H. et al. (2010) Momoiite (Mn2+,Ca)3(V3+,Al)2Si3O12, a new manganese vanadium garnet from Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 105, 92-96.
Allargentum
Formula: (Ag1-xSbx)
Reference: Nokleberg, W.J., ed., (2010) Metallogenesis and tectonics of northeast Asia: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1765, 624 p.
Alleghanyite
Formula: Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.; Katsu Kaneko (1956) Symposium del Manganeso, XX Congreso Geologico Internacional, Mexico D.F.
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Reference: Ohnishi et al (2004) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 134.
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Qifeng Gao, Xiaoxi Sun, Ming Liu, Tiegang Wang, and Xudong Cao (2007): Sci-Tech Information Development & Economy 17(21), 253-254
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: Izbrodin, I.A., Ripp, G.S., and Doroshkevich, A.G. (2010) Aluminium phosphate and phosphate-sulphate minerals in kyanite schists of the Ichetuyskoye area, West Transbaikalia, Russia: crystal chemistry and evolution. Mineralogy and Petrology: 101: 81-96.
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Reference: Yiming Zhao (2008): Mineral Deposits 27(4), 520-530
'α-Brass'
Formula: Cu3Zn
Reference: V.V. Seredin data
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Буханова, Д. С. (2018). ТЕЛЛУРИДЫ В РУДАХ МАЛМЫЖСКОГО ЗОЛОТО-МЕДНОПОРФИРОВОГО МЕСТОРОЖДЕНИЯ, НИЖНЕЕ ПРИАМУРЬЕ. Сопредседатели оргкомитета, 91.
Aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara; Dr. Yohachiro Okamoto collection (conserved by the Geological Survey of Japan)
Aluminium
Formula: Al
Reference: Seliverstov V.A., Gorshkov A.I., Shcheka S.A., Sivtsov A.V. (1996) Diamonds and carbonadoof Primorskii Krai: mineralogy, crystal; chemistry and genesis, - Geologiya Rudnyh Mestorozhdenii, v.38, №6, p.485-499 (in Russian).
Aluminosugilite
Formula: KNa2Al2Li3Si12O30
Description: Al-rich sugilite has been reported from the Furumiya mine (Hirowatari and Fukuoka, 1989). Its chemical compositions possibly corresponds to aluminosugilite (Nagashima et al., 2020).
Reference: Hirowatari, F. and Fukuoka, M. (1989) Some problems of the studies on the manganese minerals in Japan. Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Japan, 18, 347–365, https://doi.org/10.2465/gkk1952.18.347; Nagashima, M., Fukuda, C., Matsumoto, T., Imaoka, T., Odicino, G. , and Armellino, G. (2020) Aluminosugilite, KNa2Al2Li3Si12O30, an Al analogue of sugilite, from the Cerchiara mine, Liguria, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32, 57-66, https://doi.org/10.5194/ejm-32-57-2020
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Rutgers College Geological Museum specimens
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Ohe Rikosya specimens (Kyoto)
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Kim, M.Y., Shin, H.J., Kim, C.H. (1991) Mineralization of the Sangeun mine, Jeonnam, Korea. Mining Geology, 42 (3), 201-202.
'Amber'
Reference: http://www.smartminerals.com/cina2004/art_China_localities.htm
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: Victor I. Stepanov data
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: Krymsky, R. S., & Belyatsky, B. V. (2003, April). The age and genesis of Be-Nb-Ta-fluorite mineralization of Voznesenskoe &Pogranichnoe ore-deposits (Far East, Russia): U-Pb-Nd-Sr isotope constraints. In EGS-AGU-EUG Joint Assembly.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 89 localities in this region.
Reference: Paek, R.J., Gap, K.H., & Jon, G.P. (eds) 1996. Geology of Korea. Foreign languages books publishing house, Pyongyang.
'Amphibole Supergroup var. Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: North China Geological Exploration Bureau, Geological Brigade 514 (2010): Report on the geological investigation of the Donggou iron deposit, Damiao town, Shuangluan District, Chengde Prefecture, Hebei Province, 51 pp.
'Amphibole Supergroup var. Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: T. Kato (1922) Japanese Journal of Geology and Geography, 1, #3-4, 77-116.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Choi, H. O., Choi, S. H., Lee, D. C., & Kang, H. C. (2013). Geochemical evolution of basaltic volcanism within the tertiary basins of southeastern Korea and the opening of the East Sea (Sea of Japan). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 249, 109-122.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Seliverstov V.A., Gorshkov A.I., Shcheka S.A., Sivtsov A.V. (1996) Diamonds and carbonadoof Primorskii Krai: mineralogy, crystal; chemistry and genesis, - Geologiya Rudnyh Mestorozhdenii, v.38, №6, p.485-499 (in Russian).
Anatase var. Gel-Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Kynicky, J., et al., (2018) The role of carbonate-fluoride melt immiscibility in shallow REE deposit evolution, Geoscience Frontiers.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data; Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., & Karmanov, N. S. (2009). Phosphate and sulfate-phosphate mineralization in sillimanite-bearing rocks at the Kyakhta deposit, western Transbaikal region. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(7), 617-626.
Andalusite var. Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Hideo Tsuda (1969) Supplement to "Minerals of Korea".
Andersonite
Formula: Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Reference: Rogulina, L. I.; Sveshnikova, O. L.; Varlamov, D. A. (2012): Mineral composition and structure of ores of silver epithermal deposit Taezhnoe in Primorye. Razvedka i Okhrana Nedr 2012 (6), 32-39 (in Russian).
Andorite VI
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Reference: Ito, T., Muraoka, H. (1960) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 113, 94-98.
Andorite VI var. Nakaseite
Formula: CuAg3Pb4Sb12S24
Reference: Ito, T., Muraoka, H. (1960) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 113, 94-98.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 64 localities in this region.
Habit: dodecahedra
Reference: N. Shimobayashi, et al. (2005) Rainbow garnet from Tenkawa village in Nara. (www.gaaj-zenhokyo.co.jp/researchroom/2005/2005_12b-01e.html); Yurie NAKAMURA, Takahiro KURIBAYASHI, Toshiro NAGASE, Hiroyuki IMAI (2017) Cation ordering in iridescent garnet from Tenkawa village, Nara prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 112, #2, 97-101. ,; Akira Miyake, Yohei Igami, Chang Yuhchyuan, Norimasa Shimobayashi, Kenji Tsuda (2018) CBED analysis of iridescent garnets from Tenkawa, Nara Prefecture, Japan. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 466
Andradite var. Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Zhang, X., Zhang, H., Jiang, N., Zhai, M., & Zhang, Y. (2010). Early Devonian alkaline intrusive complex from the northern North China craton: a petrological monitor of post-collisional tectonics. Journal of the Geological Society, 167(4), 717-730.
Andradite var. Stanniferous Andradite
Formula: Ca3(Fe3+,Sn)2(SiO4)3
Reference: Chengdong Xiao and Yongfu Wei (2004): Geological Survey and Research 27(suppl.), 9-15
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Choi, W.; Park, C.; Song, Y.; Park, C.; Kim, H.; Lee, C. (2020) Sequential Scheelite Mineralization of Quartz–Scheelite Veins at the Sangdong W-Deposit: Microtextural and Geochemical Approach. Minerals 10, 678.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Reference: Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Zhai, D., & Liu, J. (2014). Gold-telluride-sulfide association in the Sandaowanzi epithermal Au-Ag-Te deposit, NE China: implications for phase equilibrium and physicochemical conditions. Mineralogy and Petrology, 108(6), 853-871.; Zhai, D., Williams-Jones, A. E., Liu, J., Tombros, S. F., & Cook, N. J. (2018) Mineralogical, fluid inclusion, and multiple isotope (HOS-Pb) constraints on the genesis of the Sandaowanzi epithermal Au-Ag-Te deposit, NE China. Economic Geology, 113(6), 1359-1382.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Reference: Stepanov V.A (2015) Reference Pair: Gold Deposit – Placer Gold-bearing Priamurskaya Province . XII International Conference «New Ideas in Earth Sciences»pp 115-116
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Uehara, S., et al (2014) MInerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Reference: Peretyazhko, I. S., Savina, E. A., Khromova, E. A., Karmanov, N. S., & Ivanov, A. V. (2018) Unique Clinkers and Paralavas from a New Nyalga Combustion Metamorphic Complex in Central Mongolia: Mineralogy, Geochemistry, and Genesis. Petrology, 26(2), 181-211.
Anorthite var. Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Masaru Yamaguchi (1964) Petrogenic Significance of Ultrabasic Inclusions in Basaltic Rocks from Southwest Japan. Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 163-219.
Anorthite var. Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Masaru Yamaguchi (1964) Petrogenic Significance of Ultrabasic Inclusions in Basaltic Rocks from Southwest Japan. Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 163-219.
Anthoinite
Formula: AlWO3(OH)3
Reference: SHIMOBAYASHI, N., OHNISHI, M., and TSURUTA, K. (2012) Secondary tungsten minerals in quartz veins in the Ishidera area, Wazuka, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan: anthoinite, mpororoite, and Fe-free hydrokenoelsmoreite. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 107, No. 1 (February), 33-38.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ◻{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Liaoning Metallurgical Geology Team No. 101 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(7), 1-5; Lianxing Gu, Xiaoqian Tang, Changzhi Wu, Jianjun Lu, Xinjian Xiao, Yuanchuan Zheng, Pei Ni, and Zeman Tian (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 339-351
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Arai, S., Prichard, H.M., Matsumoto, I., Fisher, P.C. (1999) Potarite (Pd–Hg) in thermally metamorphosed dunite from the Inazumi-yama ultramafic complex, southwestern Japan: an implication for the behaviour of mercury in PGE mineralization in peridotite. Mineralogical Magazine: 63: 369-377.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Stepanov V.A (2015) Reference Pair: Gold Deposit – Placer Gold-bearing Priamurskaya Province . XII International Conference «New Ideas in Earth Sciences»pp 115-116
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Ruofeng Gao, Longhua Jing, and Lianxi Wei (2008): Gold Science and Technology 16(2), 46-47, 59
Anyuiite
Formula: AuPb2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 189 localities in this region.
Reference: Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., & Karmanov, N. S. (2009). Phosphate and sulfate-phosphate mineralization in sillimanite-bearing rocks at the Kyakhta deposit, western Transbaikal region. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(7), 617-626.
'Aphrosiderite'
Formula: (Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Nishimura, Y. (1971) Regional metamorphism of the Nishiki-cho district, southwest Japan. Journal of Science of the Hiroshima University, Series C (geology and mineralogy), 6, #3, 203-268.
'Apophyllite'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: [MinRec 32:9]
'Aquacreptite'
Reference: Okamoto collection (curated at the Geological Survey museum, Japan)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Aramayoite
Formula: Ag3Sb2(Bi,Sb)S6
Reference: Zhicheng Lu, Peiping Zhang, Guozheng Duan, Libo Hao, and Dianchao Li (2002): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 22(1), 75-80
Arcubisite
Formula: Ag6CuBiS4
Reference: Xiang Chi (1999): Mineral Resources and Geology 13(4), 204-207
Ardealite
Formula: Ca2(PO3OH)(SO4) · 4H2O
Reference: Jun, Chang-Pyo ; Lee, Seong-Joo ; Kong, Dal-Yong ; Kang, Il-Mo ; Song, Yun-Goo (2010) Mineralogy of Secondary Phosphates and Sulfates Precipitated within the Sequence of Bat Guano Deposits in the Gossi Cave, Korea. Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 4, 2010, Pages 395-402
'Ardennite'
Reference: Minakawa, T. & Monoi, H. (1987) Occurrences of ardennite and sursassite from the metamorphic manganese deposits in the Sanbagawa belt, Shikoku, Japan. J. Mineral Soc. Japan., 18: 87-98 (in Japanese with English abstract)
Ardennite-(As)
Formula: Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Ardennite-(V)
Formula: Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(VO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Reference: Nishio-Hamane, D., Nagashima. M., Ogawa, N., and Minakawa, T. (2018) Kannanite, a new mineral from Kannan Mountain, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 113, 245-250.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Reference: Yang, J. H., Sun, J. F., Zhang, M., Wu, F. Y., & Wilde, S. A. (2012). Petrogenesis of silica-saturated and silica-undersaturated syenites in the northern North China Craton related to post-collisional and intraplate extension. Chemical Geology, 328, 149-167.
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Armenite
Formula: BaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Reference: Cheong, C. S., Jeong, G. Y., Kim, H., Choi, M. S., Lee, S. H., & Cho, M. (2003). Early Permian peak metamorphism recorded in U–Pb system of black slates from the Ogcheon metamorphic belt, South Korea, and its tectonic implication. Chemical Geology, 193(1), 81-92.
Armstrongite
Formula: CaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2O
Reference: Kynicky, J., et al., (2018) The role of carbonate-fluoride melt immiscibility in shallow REE deposit evolution, Geoscience Frontiers.
Arsendescloizite
Formula: PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
Arsenic
Formula: As
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Masayuki Ohnishi, Norimasa Shimobayashi, Shigetomo Kishi, Mitsuo Tanabe, Shoichi Kobayashi (2013) Talmessite from the Uriya deposit at the Kiura mining area, Oita Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 108, No. 2 (April), 116-120.; Enju, S., & Uehara, S. (2015). Yukonite and wallkilldellite–(Fe) from the Kiura mine, Oita Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 110(3), 150-155.
Arsenohauchecornite
Formula: Ni18Bi3AsS16
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara; Soeda, A., & Hirowatari, F. (1978). Arsenian hauchecornite from the Tsumo mine, Shimane Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Journal, 9(4), 199-209.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov photo
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 306 localities in this region.
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo; Nokleberg, W.J., ed., (2010) Metallogenesis and tectonics of northeast Asia: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1765, 624 p.
Arsenopyrite var. Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22:223.
'Arsenpolybasite'
Reference: Zhicheng Lu, Peiping Zhang, Guozheng Duan, Libo Hao, and Dianchao Li (2002): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 22(1), 75-80
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Suzuki J, Ito M, Sugiura T (1976) A new copper sulfate-carbonate hydroxide hydrate mineral, (Mn,Ni,Cu)8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6·48H2O, from Nakauri, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology 71, 183-192; Matsubara, S., & Kato, A. (1979) The Occurrence of Heazlewoodite and Cobaltpentlandite from the NakauriMine, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. Mem. Natn. Sci.Mus., Tokyo, (12), December 1, 1979
Arupite
Formula: Ni3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
'Asbestos'
Description: "hornblende"
Reference: Dr. Yohachiro Okamoto collection (conserved by the Geological Survey of Japan)
'Asbestos var. Mountain Leather'
Description: "hornblende"
Reference: Dr. Yohachiro Okamoto collection (conserved by the Geological Survey of Japan)
Aspidolite (TL)
Formula: NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Banno Y, Miyawaki R, Kogure T, Matsubara S, Kamiya T, Yamada S (2005) Aspidolite, the Na analogue of phlogopite, from Kasuga-mura, Gifu Prefecture, central Japan, description and structural data. Mineralogical Magazine 69, 1047-1057
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Reference: Starikova, Sharygin, V.V. (2015): Ba-dominant fluoroaluminates from the Katugin rare-metal deposit (Transbaikalia, Russia): chemical and Raman data. XXXII International Conference "Alkaline Magmatism of the Earth and Related Strategic Metal Deposits", August 7-14, Apatity, Kola, Russia; Savel’eva, V. B., Bazarova, E. P., Khromova, E. A., & Kanakin, S. V. (2017). Fluorides and Fluorcarbonates in Rocks of the Katugin Complex, Eastern Siberia: Indicators of Geochemical Mineral Formation Conditions. Geology of Ore Deposits, 59(7), 561-574.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Masutomi Museum specimens (Kyoto)
Atelestite
Formula: Bi2(AsO4)O(OH)
Reference: Kasatkin, A. V., Klopotov, K. I., & Plasil, J. (2014). Supergene Minerals of Sherlova Gora. Mineralogical Almanac, Ltd. Lakewood, CO80227, USA, 19, 94-139.
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.; Izbrodin, I.A., Ripp, G.S., and Karmanov, N.S. (2009) Phosphate and sulfate-phosphate mineralization in sillimanite-bearing rocks at the Kyakhta deposit, western Transbaikal region. Geology of Ore Deposits: 51(7): 617-626.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Reference: Zhao, Y. W., Fan, Q. C., Zou, H., & Li, N. (2014). Geochemistry of Quaternary basaltic lavas from the Nuomin volcanic field, Inner Mongolia: Implications for the origin of potassic volcanic rocks in Northeastern China. Lithos, 196, 169-180.
Augite var. Asteroite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: http://wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-220/DATABASE/lode_deposits.txt
Augite var. Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: Sawaki, T. (1988) Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology, 83, 357-373 (in Japanese with English abstract).
Augite var. Ferroaugite
Reference: Abstracts of the Eighth International Conference on Geochronology and Isotope Geology (1994) USGS CIrcular 1107 p87
Augite var. Ferrohedenbergite
Reference: Kuno, H. (1960). High-alumina basalt. Journal of petrology, 1(1), 121-145. SAWAI, M., & SHIMAZU, M. (1979). A trachyte dike in the northern part of Shidara area, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. The Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 74(2), 68-78.
Augite var. Titanian Augite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Hirai, H., & Arai, S. (1983). Finding of nepheline in some alkali basalts from southwestern Japan. The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan, 89(9), 531-534. YAMAGUCHI, M. (1964). Petrogenetic significance of ultrabasic inclusions in basaltic rocks from southwest Japan. Mem. Fac. Sci. Kyushu Univ., Ser. D, 15, 163-219.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Uehara, S., et al (2014) MInerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
Aurihydrargyrumite (TL)
Formula: Au6Hg5
Type Locality:
Reference: Nishio-Hamane, D. and Minakawa, T. (2017) Aurihydrargyrumite, IMA 2017-003. CNMNC Newsletter No. 37, June 2017, page 739; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 737–742. ;Nishio-Hamane, D., Tanaka, T., Minakawa, T. (2018): Aurihydrargyrumite, a Natural Au6Hg5 Phase from Japan. Minerals, 8: 415;
Aurorite
Formula: Mn2+Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Baisheng Zhang (1998): Mineral Resources and Geology 12(5), 318-323
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Reference: American Mineralogist, Vol. 64, 1979, pp. 432-435
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Dr. Yohachiro Okamoto collection (conserved by the Geological Survey of Japan)
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Xiangwen Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 689-692
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Majima collection
'Axinite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Gvozdev, V. I. (2001) The Arminsky Ore District. pp87-97 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: [MinRec 32:9]
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Reference: Watanabe, H., Tazaki, K., Islam, A. B. M., & Khodijah, C. S. (2003). 1-7. Copper biomineralization with banded structure at Dogamaru mine, Shimane Prefecture, Japan.
Babefphite (TL)
Formula: BaBePO4(F,OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Nazarova et al (1966) Babefphite, a barium-beryllium fluoride phosphate. Dokl. Akad. Nauk,USSR, Earth Sci. Sect.: 167: 93-96.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Reference: Nomura et al (1984) Chigaku Kenkyu, 35, 153-156.
Babkinite
Formula: Pb2Bi2(S,Se)3
Reference: Буханова, Д. С. (2018). ТЕЛЛУРИДЫ В РУДАХ МАЛМЫЖСКОГО ЗОЛОТО-МЕДНОПОРФИРОВОГО МЕСТОРОЖДЕНИЯ, НИЖНЕЕ ПРИАМУРЬЕ. Сопредседатели оргкомитета, 91.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Bafertisite
Formula: Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Reference: Victor Sharygin's analytical data (2013); ; Sharygin, V. V., & Vladykin, N. V. (2014). Mineralogy of cryolite rocks from the Katugin massif, Transbaikalia, Russia. Abstract Book of 30th International Conference on “Ore Potential of Alkaline, Kimberlite and Carbonatite Magmatism,” Antalya, Turkey, 166-168.
Baghdadite
Formula: Ca6Zr2(Si2O7)2O4
Reference: Lapis 2002(11), 12.; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Perchiazzi, N., Merlino, S. (2010): Single crystal refinement of the structure of baghdadite from Fuka (Okayama Prefecture, Japan). Periodico di Mineralogia, 79, 1-9.
Bannisterite
Formula: (Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
Reference: Masutomi Museum specimen, Kyoto; Smith, M.L. and Frondel, C. (1968) The related layered minerals ganophyllite, bannisterite and stilpnomelane. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 893-913.
Baratovite ?
Formula: KCa7(Ti,Zr)2Li3Si12O36F2
Description: (See note on species page for Katayamalite.)
Reference: Murakami N, Kato T, Hirowatari F (1983) Katayamalite, a new Ca-Li-Ti silicate mineral from Iwagi Islet, Southwest Japan. Mineralogical Journal 11, 261-268; Baur W H, Kassner D (1992) Katayamalite and baratovite are structurally identical. European Journal of Mineralogy 4, 839-841; Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
'Barkevikite'
Reference: Suzuki, J. (1938) On a rock of nordmarkitic composition from Hakutou volcano, Korea. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido Imperial University, Series IV, 4, #1-2, 173-181.
Barrerite
Formula: (Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
Reference: Nishido et al. (2005) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kouen-Youshi, 143.
Barroisite
Formula: ◻{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: DHZ, Vol. 2B, 2nd ed., p 636.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 107 localities in this region.
Reference: Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., & Karmanov, N. S. (2009). Phosphate and sulfate-phosphate mineralization in sillimanite-bearing rocks at the Kyakhta deposit, western Transbaikal region. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(7), 617-626.
'Baryte-Celestine Series'
Formula: (Ba,Sr)SO4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
'Bastnäsite'
Formula: (Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Bulnaev, K.B. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(4), 277-289.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Reference: P.M. Kartashov analytical data (2002)
Bastnäsite-(Y)
Formula: Y(CO3)F
Reference: P.M. Kartashov analytical data (2002)
Batiferrite
Formula: BaTi2Fe3+8Fe2+2O19
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Bauranoite (TL)
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(OH)6 · 1-2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Rogova, V.P., Belova, L.N., Kiziyarov, G.N. and Kuznetsova, N.N. (1973) Bauranoite and metacaltsuranoite [metacalciouranoite] - new minerals of the group of hydrous uranium oxides. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 102: 75-81.; Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 46; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: P.Kolesar and J.Tvrdý, Zarenschätze, Mineralien und Fundstellen in Russland. Page 592-593
'Bayankhanite'
Formula: Cu3-8HgS3-5
Reference: V. I. Vasil'ev (1984) Trudy Inst. Geol. Geofiz., Siber. Otdel. Akad. Nauk SSSR no. 587, p. 5
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
Bazzite
Formula: Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Reference: Endo, S. (2007) Chigaku Kenkyu, 56, #1, 17-23.
Becquerelite
Formula: Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Reference: Aleshin, A.P., Velichkin, V.I., and Krylova, T.L. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(5), 392-412.
'Beegerite'
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Reference: Liyan Zhang (1985): Geology and Prospecting 21(8), 34-39
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Description: "Ca-beidellite"
Reference: Masaharu NAKAGAWA (2001) Clay Minerals in Taishu Toseki and Taishu Hakudo. Journal of the Clay Science Society of Japan, 41 (2001-2002), #3, 113-122 (in Japanese).
Bementite
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: H. Momoi (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 39-63.
Benavidesite
Formula: Pb4MnSb6S14
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Bendadaite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Masayuki Ohnishi, Norimasa Shimobayashi, Shigetomo Kishi, Mitsuo Tanabe, Shoichi Kobayashi (2013) Talmessite from the Uriya deposit at the Kiura mining area, Oita Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 108, No. 2 (April), 116-120.
Benitoite
Formula: BaTi(Si3O9)
Reference: specimens in numerous japanese collections; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Benjaminite
Formula: Ag3Bi7S12
Reference: http://www.fegi.ru/FEGI/museum/polisk_e.htm
Benleonardite
Formula: [Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te][Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
Reference: Vakh, A. S., Khomich, V. G., Boriskina, N. G., & Santosh, M. (2016). The Berezitovoe gold-polymetallic deposit (Upper Amur region, Russia): Structure, mineralogy and genetic aspects. Geoscience Frontiers, 7(3), 483-494.
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Reference: S. Matsubara (2000) Vivianite nodules and secondary phosphates in Pliocene-Pleistocene clay deposits from Hime-shima, Oita Prefecture and Kobe, Hyogo Prefecture, Western Japan. Memoirs of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 33.
Berlinite
Formula: AlPO4
Reference: Luo, S. Y., Cao, J. J., & Wu, Z. Q. (2014). X-ray diffraction (XRD) and near infrared spectrum (NIR) analysis of the soil overlying the Bairendaba deposit of the Inner Mongolia Grassland. Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi= Guang pu, 34(8), 2268-2272.
Bernalite
Formula: Fe(OH)3 · nH2O (n = 0.0 to 0.25)
Reference: Nagashima, M., Akasaka, M., & Morifuku, Y. (2016). Ore and Skarn Mineralogy of the Yamato Mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan, with Emphasis on Silver‐, Bismuth‐, Cobalt‐, and Tin‐bearing Sulfides. Resource Geology, 66(1), 37-54.
Berryite
Formula: Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Reference: Gvozdev, V. I., Fedoseev, D. G., Gurikov, A. V., Sadkin, S. I., Semenyak, B. I., & Ratkin, V. V. (2014). Mineralogy of accompanying elements in the ores of the Kordonnoe skarn scheelite-sulfide deposit in Primorsky Krai. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 8(3), 200-212.
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: Laverov, N.P., Petrov, V.A., Poluektov, V.V., Nasimov, R.M., Hammer, J., Burmistrov, A.A., and Shchukin, S.I. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 339-361.
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Dr. Yohachiro Okamoto collection (conserved by the Geological Survey of Japan)
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Dolgopolova, A., Seltmann, R., Kober, B., Weiss, D., Stanley, C., & Dulski, P. (2004). Geochemical characteristics and lead isotope systematics of highly fractionated Li–F-enriched amazonite granites and related host rocks of the Orlovka–Spokoinoe mining district, Eastern Transbaikalia (Russia). Applied Earth Science, 113(1), 83-99.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 69 localities in this region.
Habit: prismatic xls to many cm
Colour: greenish blue
Reference: P. Scalisi, D. Cook, (1983), Classic Mineral Localities of the World: Asia and Australia, Van Nostrand, pp150-160]; Kasatkin, A. V., Klopotov, K. I., & Plasil, J. (2014). Supergene Minerals of Sherlova Gora. Mineralogical Almanac, Ltd. Lakewood, CO80227, USA, 19, 94-139.
Beryl var. Alkali-beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Rainer Thomas, Paul Davidson and Elena Badanina (2010) Water- and Boron-Rich Melt Inclusions in Quartz from the Malkhan Pegmatite, Transbaikalia, Russia. Minerals 2012, 2, 435-458.
Beryl var. Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Jaroš O., Kýnický J. (2005): Nejkrásnější akvamaríny světa – potvrzená legenda stará 2000 let
Beryl var. Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Jindřich Kynický, Ondřej Jaroš. Drahé kameny miarolitických pegmatitů masívu Gorkhi v Mongolsku.
Beryl var. Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Jindřich Kynický, Ondřej Jaroš. Drahé kameny miarolitických pegmatitů masívu Gorkhi v Mongolsku.
Beryl var. Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Betafite Group'
Formula: A2(Ti,Nb)2O6Z
Reference: MOU, B., & YAN, G. (1992). Geological features of Triassic alkaline and subalkaline igneous complexes in the Yan-Liao area. ACTA GEOLOGICA SINICA-ENGLISH EDITION, 5(4), 339-355. Saima Deposit Research Group. (1978). Uranium deposit in the Saima alkaline massif, Northeast China. Sci. Sinica, 21, 365-389. Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Marks, M. A., Liu, Z. C., Zhou, Q., Ge, W. C., ... & Markl, G. (2010). In situ U–Pb, Sr, Nd and Hf isotopic analysis of eudialyte by LA-(MC)-ICP-MS. Chemical Geology, 273(1-2), 8-34. Wu, B., Wang, R. C., Yang, J. H., Wu, F. Y., Zhang, W. L., Gu, X. P., & Zhang, A. C. (2015). Wadeite (K2ZrSi3O9), an alkali-zirconosilicate from the Saima agpaitic rocks in northeastern China: Its origin and response to multi-stage activities of alkaline fluids. Lithos, 224, 126-142.
'Betafite Group var. Barian Betafite (of Mironov & Gofman)'
Formula: (◻,U,Ba,Ca)2(Ti,Nb,Fe)B2O6OH1
Reference: P.M. Kartashov analytical data 2008; Mironov A.G. and Gofman A.F, (1979) Barian betafite in pegmatites of Transbaikalien, - Minerals and Minerals Paragenesisa of Rocks and Ores, Leningrad, Nauka, p.127-132 (in Russian).
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Reference: Imai, N., Lee, H. K., Sakai, T., & Park, N. Y. (1982). Bournonite from the Janggun mine, Republic of Korea-Contributions to the knowledge of ore-forming minerals in the Janggun lead-zinc-silver ores (1). The Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 77(9), 310-321.
Betpakdalite-CaCa
Formula: [Ca2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O36(OH)]
Reference: Dahlkamp, F.J. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156
Betpakdalite-CaMg
Formula: [Ca2(H2O)17Mg(H2O)6][Mo8As2Fe3+3O36(OH)]
Reference: Kasatkin, A. V., Klopotov, K. I., & Plasil, J. (2014). Supergene Minerals of Sherlova Gora. Mineralogical Almanac, Ltd. Lakewood, CO80227, USA, 19, 94-139.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: [MinRec 32:8]
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Reference: Uehara, S. & Y. Shirose (2013), Namibite and hechtsbergite from the Nagatare mine, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 108,105-110
Bicchulite (TL)
Formula: Ca2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Henmi, C., Kusachi, I., Henmi, K., Sabine, P.A., Young, B.R. (1973) A new mineral bicchulite, the natural analogue of gehlenite hydrate, from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan and Carneal, County Antrim, Northern Ireland. Mineralogical Journal: 7: 243-251.; I. Kusachi, Y. Takechi, C. Henmi and S. Kobayashi (1998) Parasibirskite, a New Mineral from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine 62:521-525.; Mineralogical Record: 27: 304.;
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
'Bindheimite' (FRL)
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bindheim (1792) Schriften der Gesellschaft naturforschender Freunde in Berlin, Schr.: 10: 374; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1019.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 325 localities in this region.
Reference: Xu, Z.; Sun, J.; Liang, X.; Xu, Z.; Chu, X. (2020) Geochronology, Geochemistry, and Pb–Hf Isotopic Composition of Mineralization-Related Magmatic Rocks in the Erdaohezi Pb–Zn Polymetallic Deposit, Great Xing’an Range, Northeast China. Minerals 10, 274.
'Biotite var. Manganophyllite'
Formula: K(Fe,Mg,Mn)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsankoubutsu Gojuonhairetsu sanchi-ichiranhyou, p 61.
'Biotite var. Wodanite'
Formula: K2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)4-6(Al,Ti,Si)8O20(OH)4
Reference: Hirai, H., & Arai, S. (1983). Finding of nepheline in some alkali basalts from southwestern Japan. The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan, 89(9), 531-534. YAMAGUCHI, M. (1964). Petrogenetic significance of ultrabasic inclusions in basaltic rocks from southwest Japan. Mem. Fac. Sci. Kyushu Univ., Ser. D, 15, 163-219.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Volokhina, Yu.G., Khanchuka, A.I., Mikhailika, P.E., Mikhailika, E.V. (2020): Mineral Composition of Manganese Crusts from Belyaevskii Volcano (Sea of Japan). Doklady Earth Sciences: 491: 214-219; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=16331&sid=c671a09176b546a965477ca35f66a6f0
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Alekseev, V. I., & Marin, Y. B. (2015). Composition and evolution of accessory mineralization of Li–F granites in the Far East as indicators of their ore potential. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(8), 635-644.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 91 localities in this region.
Reference: Geosci. Mag., 26, 209-216 (1975) (in japanese); Uehara, S., et al (2014) MInerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 91 localities in this region.
Reference: Dolgopolova, A., Seltmann, R., Kober, B., Weiss, D., Stanley, C., & Dulski, P. (2004). Geochemical characteristics and lead isotope systematics of highly fractionated Li–F-enriched amazonite granites and related host rocks of the Orlovka–Spokoinoe mining district, Eastern Transbaikalia (Russia). Applied Earth Science, 113(1), 83-99.
'Bismuthinite-Stibnite Series'
Reference: Mingxuan Xue, Ming Liu, and Bao Shuang (2001): World Geology 20(1), 34-39
'Bismuthinite-Stibnite Series var. Horobetsuite'
Formula: (Bi,Sb)2S3 to (Sb,Bi)2S3
Reference: Mingxuan Xue, Ming Liu, and Bao Shuang (2001): World Geology 20(1), 34-39
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: Dicken, Connie L., Dunlap, Pamela, Parks, Heather L., Hammarstrom, Jane M., Zientek, Michael L., and Johnson, Kathleen M., (2016) Global assessment of undiscovered copper resources: Scientific Investigations Report 2010-5090-Z, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Bismutocolumbite (TL)
Formula: Bi(Nb,Ta)O4
Reference: [Lapis 1993:1 p13-15; ZVMO,(1992) 121, n3, 130-134]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Bismutohauchecornite
Formula: Ni9Bi2S8
Reference: Soeda, A., Hirowatari, F. (1975) On the parageneses and chemical compositions of hauchecornites from the Tsumo and Mihara mines. 1975 Ann. Meeting abstracts, Mineralogical Society of Japan, June, 10-12. Tokyo: 36.; Handbook of Mineralogy.
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
Bismutotantalite
Formula: Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 65; Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Reference: V.V. Kalinin data
'Blaubleibender Covellite'
Reference: Matsubara, S., & Kato, A. (1979) The Occurrence of Heazlewoodite and Cobaltpentlandite from the NakauriMine, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. Mem. Natn. Sci.Mus., Tokyo, (12), December 1, 1979
Bobierrite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: [Lapis 1993:1 p13-15]
Bogdanovite
Formula: (Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
Reference: Gongalsky, B. I., Safonov, Y. G., Krivolutskaya, N. A., Prokof’ev, V. Y., & Yushin, A. A. (2007) A new type of gold-platinum-copper mineralization in northern Transbaikalia. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 415, No. 1, pp. 671-674). Nauka/Interperiodica.
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Bohseite
Formula: Ca4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Reference: In coll. M. Slama, ex coll. M. Murashko (EPMA-analysed by Nikita Chukanov).
Boltwoodite
Formula: (K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Reference: Watanabe (1976) Journal of the Faculty of Science, Shinshu University, 11, 53-106.
'Bonchevite'
Reference: Shangquan Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(2), 75-84
Borcarite
Formula: Ca4Mg(B4O6(OH)6)(CO3)2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 162 localities in this region.
Reference: Dicken, Connie L., Dunlap, Pamela, Parks, Heather L., Hammarstrom, Jane M., Zientek, Michael L., and Johnson, Kathleen M., (2016) Global assessment of undiscovered copper resources: Scientific Investigations Report 2010-5090-Z, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Borocookeite (TL)
Formula: LiAl4(Si3B)O10(OH)8
Reference: American Mineralogist, 88, 830-836.; International Geological Congress (2008) MRD-06 The Sosedka gem tourmaline-rich mine: Emplacement of extremely chemically heterogeneous pegmatite-forming medium; Zagorsky, V. Y. (2012). Mineralogy of pockets of the Malkhan tourmaline deposit (< i> Transbaikalia): feldspars of the Sosedka vein. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 53(6), 522-534
Boromuscovite
Formula: KAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 88, pages 830–836, 2003; International Geological Congress (2008) MRD-06 The Sosedka gem tourmaline-rich mine: Emplacement of extremely chemically heterogeneous pegmatite-forming medium; Zagorsky, V. Y. (2012). Mineralogy of pockets of the Malkhan tourmaline deposit (< i> Transbaikalia): feldspars of the Sosedka vein. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 53(6), 522-534
Borovskite
Formula: Pd3SbTe4
Reference: Jingbin Wang, Yuwang Wang, and Lijuan Wang (1998): Geological Exploration for Non-Ferrous Metals 7(3), 142-145
Bosiite (TL)
Formula: NaFe3+3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Type Locality:
Reference: Ertl, A., Baksheev, I.A., Giester, G., Lengauer, C.L., Prokofiev, V.Y. and Zorina, L.D. (2015) Bosiite, IMA 2014-094. CNMNC Newsletter No. 24, April 2015, page 249; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 247-251.
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Okamoto, Yasushi; Ito, Tsuyoshi; Inaba, Sachio; Minakawa, Testsuo (1993): Botallackite from Uchitomi Mine, Fukui Prefecture. Chigaku Kenkyu 42, 130-134.
Botryogen
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Reference: Minakawa and Noto (1994) Chigaku Kenkyu, 43, 175-179.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: Lee, C.H., Lee, H.K., and Kim, S.J. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 379-390.; Imai, N., Lee, H. K., Sakai, T., & Park, N. Y. (1982). Bournonite from the Janggun mine, Republic of Korea-Contributions to the knowledge of ore-forming minerals in the Janggun lead-zinc-silver ores (1). The Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 77(9), 310-321.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Habit: "good xls to 1 cm"
Colour: grey
Fluorescence: none
Reference: Min Rec vol 32, pp 7-30 (2001)
Bowieite
Formula: (Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Description: Reported by Chen (1981) as "sulrhodite" which was then believed to be a new mineral, but later was shown to be the same mineral as bowieite.
Reference: Keqiao Chen (1981): Chinese Science Bulletin 26(12), 768
Boyleite
Formula: (Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Shimada (1982) Sanko-Gakkai Koen-Yoshi, 15.
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: Cheong, C. S., Jeong, G. Y., Kim, H., Choi, M. S., Lee, S. H., & Cho, M. (2003). Early Permian peak metamorphism recorded in U–Pb system of black slates from the Ogcheon metamorphic belt, South Korea, and its tectonic implication. Chemical Geology, 193(1), 81-92.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Reference: Nakagawa, M., Santosh, M., & Maruyama, S. (2011) Manganese formations in the accretionary belts of Japan: implications for subduction–accretion process in an active convergent margin. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 42(3), 208-222.
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: Ratkin, V.V., Simanenko, L.F., Gonevchuk, V.G., Eliseeva, O.A. (2020): The Ni–Antimonide Mineral Assemblage: A Product of Recrystallization of Sn–Pb–Zn Ores of the Yuzhnoe Deposit, Sikhote-Alin, Russia. Doklady Earth Sciences, 492, 317-319.
Breithauptite var. Arite
Formula: Ni(Sb,As)
Reference: Takeo Kato: "Two Types of Nickeliferous Pyrrhotite Deposits Found in Korea." (9 pp)
Brezinaite
Formula: Cr3S4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Ohnishi, M., Shirakami, M., Yoshimura, T. (2001) Secondary minerals from the Hirao Old Mine, Onsen-cho, Minoo City, Osaka Prefecture, Japan. Chigaku-Kenkyu: 50: 137-159.; M. Ohnishi, N. Shimobayashi, D. Nishio-Hamane, K. Shinoda, K. Momma, and T. Ikeda (2013) Minohlite, a new copper-zinc sulfate mineral from Minoh, Osaka, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine: 77: 335-342.
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Jitsutaro Takubo (1941) Investigation of Minerals Containing Rarer Elements. On Lessingite found in Heiko, Kogen-do, Korea. Nippon Kagaku Kaishi. 62 (8): 730-732. doi.org/10.1246/nikkashi1921.62.730 [in Japanese]
'Britholite Group'
Formula: (REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Reference: http://www.ctia.com.cn/TungstenNews/Print.asp?ArticleID=90677
Britholite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: ex-Okamoto collection, now (2015) on display at Hakusekikan museum, Hirukawa.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Uehara, S., et al (2014) MInerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Reference: Zhicheng Lü, Paiping Zhang, Guozheng Duan, Libo Hao, and Guanghua Dong (2002): Journal of Mineraloy and Petrology 22(1), 1-5; Zhicheng Lu, Peiping Zhang, Guozheng Duan, Libo Hao, and Dianchao Li (2002): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 22(1), 75-80; Chaoyang Li, Tiegeng Liu, Lin Ye, Weiguang Zhu, and Hailin Deng (2003): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 46, Supplement 1, 84-98
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Korostelev, P. G., Gonevchuk, V. G., Gorelikova, N. V., Ekimova, N. I., Kononov, V. V., Krylova, T. L., ... & Suchkov, V. I. (2016). Tin–rare-earth element greisens of the Solnechnoe cassiterite–silicate deposit, Russian Far East. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 10(1), 63-77.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 87, pages 1509–1513, 2002
Brugnatellite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Kinosaki, Y. (1941) Jour. Min. Soc. Korea, 24, 12.
Brushite
Formula: Ca(PO3OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Jun, Chang-Pyo ; Lee, Seong-Joo ; Kong, Dal-Yong ; Kang, Il-Mo ; Song, Yun-Goo (2010) Mineralogy of Secondary Phosphates and Sulfates Precipitated within the Sequence of Bat Guano Deposits in the Gossi Cave, Korea. Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 4, 2010, Pages 395-402
Buddingtonite
Formula: (NH4)(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Nakagawa et al. (1995) Nendo Kagaku, 35, 1-14.
Bultfonteinite
Formula: Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Reference: Ed Richard collection
Bunnoite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+6AlSi6O18(OH)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Nishio-Hamane, D., Momma, K., Miyawaki, R. and Minakawa, T. (2014) Bunnoite, IMA 2014-054. CNMNC Newsletter No. 22, October 2014, page 1246; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1241-1248; Nishio-Hamane, D., Momma, K., Miyawaki, R., Minakawa, T. (2016): Bunnoite, a new hydrous manganese aluminosilicate from Kamo Mountain, Kochi prefecture, Japan. Mineralogy and Petrology 110, 917-926.
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.; Kynicky, J., et al., (2018) The role of carbonate-fluoride melt immiscibility in shallow REE deposit evolution, Geoscience Frontiers.
Burkeite
Formula: Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Reference: Tomonagi et al. (1989) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 58.
'Bursaite'
Formula: Pb5Bi4S11 (?)
Reference: Vakh, A. S., Khomich, V. G., Boriskina, N. G., & Santosh, M. (2016). The Berezitovoe gold-polymetallic deposit (Upper Amur region, Russia): Structure, mineralogy and genetic aspects. Geoscience Frontiers, 7(3), 483-494.
Burtite
Formula: Ca[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: N.V., Gorelikova analytical data
Buryatite (TL)
Formula: Ca3(Si,Fe,Al)(SO4)[B(OH)4]O(OH)5 · 12H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 87, pages 1509–1513, 2002
'Buserite'
Formula: Na4Mn14O27 · 21H2O
Reference: Choi, H. S., & Kim, S. J. (1992). Chemistry and Dehydration Behavior of (Ca, Mg)-buserite from the Janggun Mine, Korea. Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, 5(2), 102-108.
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: American Mineralogist, Vol. 64, 1979, pp. 432-435
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Cahnite
Formula: Ca2[B(OH)4](AsO4)
Reference: Doklady Acad. Nauk SSSR 166,695-697(1966)
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Буханова, Д. С. (2018). ТЕЛЛУРИДЫ В РУДАХ МАЛМЫЖСКОГО ЗОЛОТО-МЕДНОПОРФИРОВОГО МЕСТОРОЖДЕНИЯ, НИЖНЕЕ ПРИАМУРЬЕ. Сопредседатели оргкомитета, 91.
Calciborite
Formula: Ca(B2O4)
Reference: Kobayashi, S., Ando, T., Kanayama, A., Tanabe, M., Kishi, S., Kusachi, I. (2014): Calciborite from the Fuka mine, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109, 13-17.
'Calcic plagioclase'
Reference: Astakhova, N. V., & Kolesnik, O. N. (2014). Ore mineralization in volcanic rocks from the submarine rises of the Sea of Japan. Geochemistry International, 52(2), 144-161.
Calcioburbankite
Formula: Na3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
Reference: Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
Calciouranoite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Ba,Pb)U2O7 · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 46; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 541 localities in this region.
Habit: scalenohedra, rhombs, nailhead, hexagonal barrels, twins etc
Colour: colorless, white, pinkish (manganoan), brown , black
Description: Calcite is common throughout the region in just about every xl form imaginable. This region is a calcite collector's paradice.
Reference: [MinRec vol.32:, p 12 (20001)]; Rogulina, L.I., and Sveshnikova, O.L. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(1), 60-74.; Dobovol'skaya, M. G., Baskina, V. A., Balashova, S. P., Kenisarin, A. M., Arakelyants, M. M., Klimachev, L. A., & Muravitskaya, G. N. (1990). Order of Formation of the Ores and Mafic Dikes of the Nikolayevsk Deposit (Southern Primor'ye). International Geology Review, 32(4), 391-403.; Vasilenko, G.P. (2001) The Dalnegorsk Ore District. pp98-124 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
Calcite var. Iron-bearing Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Reference: Yuwang Wang, Lili Qu, Jingbin Wang, Lijuan Wang, Neng Jiang, and Qian Mao (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(1), 23-35; Yuwang Wang, Jingbin Wang, and Lijuan Wang (2006): Geology and Prospecting 42(4), 51-56; Wang, Y.W., Wang, J.B., Wang, L.J., and Chen, Y.Z. (2006): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 28, 320-331
Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:1114-1132
Calcurmolite
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(UO2)3Mo2(O,OH)11 · nH2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012)
Calderónite
Formula: Pb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Reference: Yamada, T. & Watanabe, H. (2002) Vanadium-bearing minerals from the Enmei mine, Shizuoka Prefecture. Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 33.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Ogawa, et al. (1996) Chigaku Kenkyu, 44, 241-245.
Calkinsite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Reference: Minakawa (1985) Chigaku Kenkyu, 36, 61-64.
Calomel
Formula: [Hg2]2+Cl2
Reference: Seredin, V., Dobrovol'skaya, M.G., Mokhov, A.; Seredin, V., Dobrovol'skaya, M.G., Mokhov, A.V., (2007): Unique polycomponent mineralization in breccia bodies at the Pavlovsk brown coal deposit. Doklady Earth Sciences: 412(1): 113-116
Calzirtite
Formula: CaZr3TiO9
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 304.; Henmi, C., Kusachi, I., & Henmi, K. (1996). Zirconium minerals and zirconian garnet from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Journal, 18(2), 54-59.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,◻)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Soeda, A., Watanabe, M., Hoshino, K., & Nakashima, K. (1984). Mineralogy of tellurium-bearing canfieldite from the Tsumo mine, SW Japan and its implications for ore genesis. Neues Jahrbuch Fur Mineralogie-abhandlungen, 150(1), 11-23.
Cannizzarite
Formula: Pb48Bi56S132
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
'Carbonite (of Heinrich)'
Description: Labelled "Mineral coke", formed by igneous intrusion into a coal bed.
Reference: Masutomi Museum specimen (Kyoto)
Carlsbergite
Formula: CrN
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data; H. J. Axon, J. Kinder, C. W. Haworth and J. W. Horsfield (1981) Carlsbergite, CrN, in Troilite, FeS, of the Sikhote Alin Meteoritic Iron. Mineralogical Magazine 44:107-109.
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Kuwano, et al (1992) Chigaku Kenkyu, 41, 140-143.; Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Carpholite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Reference: Wu Hanquan, Tang kedong, and Li Cunyou (2003): Geological Bulletin of China 22(9), 651-654.
Carrollite
Formula: CuCo2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Yu Zuxiang (1981): Geological Review 27, 55-71.
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Moriyama, T., Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K., Matsubara, S., Hirano, H., Murakami, H., and Watanabe, Y. (2011): Wakefieldite-(Nd), a new neodymium vanadate mineral in the Arase stratiform ferromanganese deposit, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Resource Geology 61, 101-110.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 155 localities in this region.
Reference: Dolgopolova, A., Seltmann, R., Kober, B., Weiss, D., Stanley, C., & Dulski, P. (2004). Geochemical characteristics and lead isotope systematics of highly fractionated Li–F-enriched amazonite granites and related host rocks of the Orlovka–Spokoinoe mining district, Eastern Transbaikalia (Russia). Applied Earth Science, 113(1), 83-99.
Cassiterite var. Wood Tin
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Korostelev, P. G., Gonevchuk, V. G., Semenyak, B. I., Gorelikova, N. V., Karabtsov, A. A., Kokorin, A. M., ... & Sinyakov, E. Y. (2009). The Dzhalinda Deposit in the Amur Region, Russia: Genesis and position in the classification of tin deposits. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(4), 305-316.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: MOU, B., & YAN, G. (1992). Geological features of Triassic alkaline and subalkaline igneous complexes in the Yan-Liao area. ACTA GEOLOGICA SINICA-ENGLISH EDITION, 5(4), 339-355. Saima Deposit Research Group. (1978). Uranium deposit in the Saima alkaline massif, Northeast China. Sci. Sinica, 21, 365-389. Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Marks, M. A., Liu, Z. C., Zhou, Q., Ge, W. C., ... & Markl, G. (2010). In situ U–Pb, Sr, Nd and Hf isotopic analysis of eudialyte by LA-(MC)-ICP-MS. Chemical Geology, 273(1-2), 8-34. Wu, B., Wang, R. C., Yang, J. H., Wu, F. Y., Zhang, W. L., Gu, X. P., & Zhang, A. C. (2015). Wadeite (K2ZrSi3O9), an alkali-zirconosilicate from the Saima agpaitic rocks in northeastern China: Its origin and response to multi-stage activities of alkaline fluids. Lithos, 224, 126-142.
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.; Kynicky, J., et al., (2018) The role of carbonate-fluoride melt immiscibility in shallow REE deposit evolution, Geoscience Frontiers.
Celestine var. Barium-rich Celestine
Formula: (Sr,Ba)SO4
Reference: Bulnaev, K.B. (2001): Lithology and Mineral Resources 36(1), 63-76.; Doroshkevich, A. G., Ripp, G. S., & Moore, K. R. (2010). Genesis of the Khaluta alkaline-basic Ba-Sr carbonatite complex (West Transbaikala, Russia). Mineralogy and Petrology, 98(1-4), 245-268.
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Jeong, G. Y & Kim, Y. H. (1999): Goldmanite from the black slates of the Ogcheon belt, Korea. Mineralogical Magazine, 63, 253-256.
'Cerasite (of Kikuchi)'
Reference: Rakovan, J., M. Kitamura, and O, Tamada (2006) Sakura Ishi: Mica pseudomorphs of complex cordierite-indialite intergrowths from Kameoka, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. Rocks & Minerals, 81, 284-292.
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Reference: Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
Cervandonite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Nd,La)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti,Al)3O2(Si2O7)(As3+O3)(OH)
Reference: Vakh, A. S., Avchenko, O. V., & Karabtsov, A. A. (2010). Cervandonite-(Ce) in ores of the Berezitovoe deposit: Second finding in the world. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 4(3), 205-213.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: Kovalenker, V. A., Kiseleva, G. D., Krylova, T. L., & Andreeva, O. V. (2011). Mineralogy and ore formation conditions of the Bugdaya Au-bearing W-Mo porphyry deposit, eastern Transbaikal region, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 53(2), 93-125.
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: SHIMAZU, M., & MIZOTA, T. (1972). Levyne and erionite from Chojabaru, Iki Island, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. The Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 67(12), 418-424.
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Chiba, T., Matsubara, S. (1977) Canadian Mineralogist, 15, 536-539.
Chabazite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Am Min 74: pp 1337-1342
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Vakh, A. S., Moiseenko, V. G., Stepanov, V. A., & Avchenko, O. V. (2009, March). The Berezitovy gold-base metal deposit. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 425, No. 1, pp. 253-255). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.; Vakh, A. S., Khomich, V. G., Boriskina, N. G., & Santosh, M. (2016). The Berezitovoe gold-polymetallic deposit (Upper Amur region, Russia): Structure, mineralogy and genetic aspects. Geoscience Frontiers, 7(3), 483-494.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: Matsubara, S. and Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals. (National Science Museum, Tokyo)
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 120 localities in this region.
Reference: Dicken, Connie L., Dunlap, Pamela, Parks, Heather L., Hammarstrom, Jane M., Zientek, Michael L., and Johnson, Kathleen M., (2016) Global assessment of undiscovered copper resources: Scientific Investigations Report 2010-5090-Z, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Chalcophanite
Formula: ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: [MinRec 32:8]
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Reference: Kato (1973) Sakurai Koubutsu Hyohon, 49. (Kinichi Sakurai collection)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 678 localities in this region.
Habit: Pseudotetrahedral and complex twins to 3 cm, to 40 cm in one pocket!
Colour: yellow
Fluorescence: none
Description: World class chalcopyrites occur here
Reference: [MinRec vol 32 pp 14-15]; Rogulina, L.I., and Sveshnikova, O.L. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(1), 60-74.; Dobovol'skaya, M. G., Baskina, V. A., Balashova, S. P., Kenisarin, A. M., Arakelyants, M. M., Klimachev, L. A., & Muravitskaya, G. N. (1990). Order of Formation of the Ores and Mafic Dikes of the Nikolayevsk Deposit (Southern Primor'ye). International Geology Review, 32(4), 391-403.; Vasilenko, G.P. (2001) The Dalnegorsk Ore District. pp98-124 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
Chalcopyrite var. Argentian Chalcopyrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)FeS2
Reference: Ratkin, V.V., Simanenko, L.F., Gonevchuk, V.G., Eliseeva, O.A. (2020): The Ni–Antimonide Mineral Assemblage: A Product of Recrystallization of Sn–Pb–Zn Ores of the Yuzhnoe Deposit, Sikhote-Alin, Russia. Doklady Earth Sciences, 492, 317-319.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Mei Zhang, Yusheng Zhai, Cunli Shen, Yonghui Liu, Shuaishi Yang, Degao Zhai, Meijuan Yao, Jianping Wang, Shouguang Wang, Zhengxi Gao, and Ling Zhang (2011): Geoscience 25(5), 819-831
Chambersite
Formula: Mn2+3(B7O13)Cl
Reference: Xiong Song (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(5), 3-10; Shikun Huang (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(9), 6-11, 20; Fan, D., Yang, P., and Wang, R. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 15-29
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo; University of Tokyo collection, specimens No. IX-309—No. IX-315.
Chamosite var. Thuringite
Formula: (Fe,Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo; University of Tokyo collection, specimens No. IX-309—No. IX-315.
Changbaiite (TL)
Formula: PbNb2O6
Type Locality:
Reference: Detachment No. 8, Comprehensive Geological Brigade of Tonghua Region and the Laboratory of Petrology and Mineralogy Laboratory and Jilin Institute of Geological Science (1978): Acta Geologica Sinica 52 (1), 53-62.
Changchengite (TL)
Formula: IrBiS
Reference: Zuxiang Yu (1997): Acta Geologica Sinica 71(4), 486-490
Charlesite
Formula: Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Reference: Tanimoto et al (2001) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi (Abstracts of the Meeting of the Mineralogical Society of Japan), 113; Isao KUSACHI, Naoko SHIRAISHI, Kazumasa SHIMADA, Masayuki OHNISHI and Shoichi KOBAYASHI (2008): CO3-rich charlesite from the Fuka mine, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 103, 47-51.
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Matsubara, S. and Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals. (National Science Museum, Tokyo)
Chengdeite (TL)
Formula: Ir3Fe
Description: Note on the list of associated minerals: The English abstract of the paper by Yu (1995) reports more minerals than listed here, but it has the associates from this locality and the placer occurrences lumped together. The Chinese text lists individual parageneses for both occurrences and states that most of the minerals were only found in the placers.
Reference: Zuxiang Yu (1995): Acta Geologica Sinica 69(3), 215-220
Cherepanovite
Formula: RhAs
Reference: Shcheka G.G., Vrzhosek A.A., Lehmann B., Tolstykh N.D. (2004) Associations of platinum-group minerals from the Zolotaya gold placiers, Primorye, Russian Far East, - Canadian Mineralogist, v.42, pp. 583-599.
Chernikovite
Formula: (H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Chevkinite Group'
Reference: Abstracts of the Eighth International Conference on Geochronology and Isotope Geology (1994) USGS CIrcular 1107 p87
'Chicken-Blood Stone'
Reference: Liqing Zhao, Gongjiong Qin, Shihua Sun, Yuwang Wang, Yongzheng Wang, Anli Zhang, and Yaoming Wang (2002): Gold Geology 21(3), 7-13
Chiolite
Formula: Na5Al3F14
Reference: Victor V. Sharygin analytycal data (2012); ; ; E. V. Sklyarov, D. P. Gladkochub, A. B. Kotov, A. E. Starikova, V. V. Sharygin, S. D. Velikoslavinsky, A. M. Larin, A. M. Mazukabzov, E. V. Tolmacheva, E. A. Khromova (2016): Genesis of the Katugin rare-metal ore deposit: Magmatism versus metasomatism. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology 10, 155–167.; Starikova, A. E., Bazarova, E. P., Savel’eva, V. B., Sklyarov, E. V., Khromova, E. A., & Kanakin, S. V. (2019) Pyrochlore-Group Minerals in the Granite-Hosted Katugin Rare-Metal Deposit, Transbaikalia, Russia. Minerals, 9(8), 490.
Chiyokoite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Si(CO3)[B(OH)4]O (OH)5 · 12H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Lykova, I., Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Y., Belakovskiy, D.I., Varlamov, D.A., Britvin, S.N., Scheidl, K.S. (2019): Chiyokoite, IMA 2019-054. CNMNC Newsletter No. 52; Mineralogical Magazine: 83; https://doi.org/10.1180/mgm.2019.73; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=15946
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Guodong Ren (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(8), 16-23
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: V.V. Seredin data
Chlorargyrite var. Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
Reference: Zhicheng Lu, Peiping Zhang, Guozheng Duan, Libo Hao, and Dianchao Li (2002): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 22(1), 75-80
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 508 localities in this region.
Reference: Xu, Z.; Sun, J.; Liang, X.; Xu, Z.; Chu, X. (2020) Geochronology, Geochemistry, and Pb–Hf Isotopic Composition of Mineralization-Related Magmatic Rocks in the Erdaohezi Pb–Zn Polymetallic Deposit, Great Xing’an Range, Northeast China. Minerals 10, 274.
'Chlorite Group var. Brunsvigite'
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Youli Feng, Lijing Yu, and Ruizhong Hu (2006): Journal of The Virtual Explorer 24(2).
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Wu Hanquan, Tang kedong, and Li Cunyou (2003): Geological Bulletin of China 22(9), 651-654.
Chondrodite
Formula: Mg5(SiO4)2F2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); USGS Bulletin 1930
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Description: Al 0.4<0.6 apfu.
Reference: Bamba, Takeo (1978) The Alpine Chrome Ores from Japan. Jour. Fac. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Ser. lV, vol. 18, nos. 1-2, Feb., 1978, 167-179; Harada, Zyunpéi (1954) Chemical Analyses of Japanese Minerals (III) Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy = 北海道大學理學部紀要, 8(4):289-348
Chromio-pargasite (TL)
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Nishio-Hamane, D., Ohnishi, M., Minakawa, T., Yamaura, J., Saito, S. & Kadota, R. (2012) Ehimeite, NaCa2Mg4CrSi6Al2O22(OH)2: the first Cr-dominant amphibole from the Akaishi Mine, Higashi-Akaishi Mountain, Ehime Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 107, 1-7.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Reference: O. Richard Norton “ Rocks From Space “ - Mountain Press - 1998
Chromium
Formula: Cr
Reference: Astakhova, N. V., & Kolesnik, O. N. (2014). Ore mineralization in volcanic rocks from the submarine rises of the Sea of Japan. Geochemistry International, 52(2), 144-161.
'Chrysanthemum Stone'
Reference: Hirooh Ishi collection
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.; Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist (1991): 76: 668-669.
'Chrysolite'
Reference: Jian Shao, Wenlan Zhang, Xinhua Zhou, and Cong Zhang (2009): Acta Petrologica Sinica 25(10), 2642-2650
'Chrysoprase'
Reference: Alluvial cobbles in innumerable collections; common.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Katou, T. (1925) Journal of the Faculty of Science, Imperial University of Tokyo, 2: Geol., Min., Geog., Seism., Vol 1, part 2, 65-77.
Chukhrovite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ca3(Ce,Y)(AlF6)2(SO4)F · 10H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Ce predominates over Y in the mineral only in mass%. The mineral in fact is cerian chukhrovite-(Y).
Reference: ZVMO (1973) 102/2, 200-202; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Chukhrovite-(Y)
Formula: Ca3(Y,Ce)(AlF6)2(SO4)F · 10H2O
Reference: P.M. Karashov data
Churchite-(Y) ?
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Chvilevaite (TL)
Formula: Na(Cu,Fe,Zn)2S4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo; Yajima, S. (1960). Metacinnabar from Sarawak and Japan, with Reference to Its Stability Relations to Cinnabar. Mineralogical Journal, 3(1), 9-18.; Nokleberg, W.J., ed., (2010) Metallogenesis and tectonics of northeast Asia: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1765, 624 p.
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Matsubara, S. et al (2001) Mineralogical Magazine, 65, 807-812.
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Буханова, Д. С. (2018). ТЕЛЛУРИДЫ В РУДАХ МАЛМЫЖСКОГО ЗОЛОТО-МЕДНОПОРФИРОВОГО МЕСТОРОЖДЕНИЯ, НИЖНЕЕ ПРИАМУРЬЕ. Сопредседатели оргкомитета, 91.
'Clausthalite-Galena Series'
Reference: Pavel Kartashov collection and analysis
'Clays'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Akira Kato (2011) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 34 (January, 20011).
Clerite
Formula: MnSb2S4
Reference: Motomura (1990) Sanko-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 43.
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: Matsubara, S. and Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals. (National Science Museum, Tokyo); Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
'Clinochesterite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)17Si20O54(OH)6
Reference: Konishi, H., Akai, K., Kurokawa, K. (1993) Calcic analog of clinojimthompsonite from the Oeyama ophiolite, southwest Japan. Jour. Geol. Soc. Japan: 99: 679-682; in: Jambor, J.L., Kovalenker, V.A., Roberts, A.C. (1995): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 80: 633
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Reference: Jeong, G. Y & Kim, Y. H. (1999): Goldmanite from the black slates of the Ogcheon belt, Korea. Mineralogical Magazine, 63, 253-256.
Clinochlore var. Chromium-bearing Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Xiangwen Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 689-692
Clinochlore var. Leuchtenbergite
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Satou, S. (1933) Journal of the Shanghai Science Institute, sect. 2, vol. 1, 17-24.
Clinochlore var. Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Minzhi Yang (2003): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 18(4), 220-224
Clinochlore var. Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Guangyin Shen (2011): Nonferrous Metals: Mining 63(2), 23-27
Clinochlore var. Sheridanite
Formula: (Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Sudo, T., Shimoda, S., Nishigaki, S., & Aoki, M. (1967). Energy changes in dehydration processes of clay minerals. Clay Minerals, 7(1), 33-42.
'Clinochrysotile'
Reference: Satomi Enju, Seiichiro Uehara (2018) Polygonal serpentine and chrysotile in serpentine veins from Shimodake serpentinite body, Izumi, Yatsushiro, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Minato (1954) Mineralogical Journal, 1, 89-96.
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Wankang Huang, Yingwen Xie, and Jingming Pan (1978): Geochimica 7(1), 25-34
Clinoferrosilite
Formula: Fe2+SiO3
Reference: Peretyazhko, I. S., Savina, E. A., Khromova, E. A., Karmanov, N. S., & Ivanov, A. V. (2018) Unique Clinkers and Paralavas from a New Nyalga Combustion Metamorphic Complex in Central Mongolia: Mineralogy, Geochemistry, and Genesis. Petrology, 26(2), 181-211.
'Clino-ferro-suenoite'
Formula: ◻{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Satou, S. (1933) Journal of the Shanghai Science Institute, sect. 2, vol. 1, 17-24.
'Clinoptilolite'
Formula: M3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Zhixian Liu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(3), 79-84, 94
Clinoptilolite-K
Formula: K6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Reference: Shouting Zhang, Pengda Zhao, Zhanzhang Xu, and Gengdong Yang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 31-38
Clinoptilolite-Na
Formula: Na6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Reference: Shouting Zhang, Pengda Zhao, Zhanzhang Xu, and Gengdong Yang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 31-38
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 61 localities in this region.
Reference: Choi, H. O., Choi, S. H., Lee, D. C., & Kang, H. C. (2013). Geochemical evolution of basaltic volcanism within the tertiary basins of southeastern Korea and the opening of the East Sea (Sea of Japan). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 249, 109-122.
Clino-suenoite
Formula: ◻{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Yamada collection (Crystal World, Japan); in other japanese collections as "Tirodite" (probably manganocummingtonite).
Clinotobermorite (TL)
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 3H2O)
Type Locality:
Reference: Henmi, C., & Kusachi, I. (1992). Clinotobermorite, Ca5Si6(O,OH)18.5H2O, a new mineral from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine, 56, 353-358.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Imai, H. (1978) Geological studies of the mineral deposits in Japan and East Asia. pp 237-232 (University of Tokyo Press)
Clinozoisite var. Clinothulite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimen
Coalingite
Formula: Mg10Fe3+2(OH)24[CO3] · 2H2O
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
'Cobalt and Nickel-bearing Chlorite'
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22:223.; IMAI, N., & OTSUKA, R. (2000). Department of Mineral Industry, School of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo, 160 Japan. Palygorskite-Sepiolite: Occurrences, Genesis and Uses, 37, 211.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsankoubutsu Gojuonhairetsu sanchi-ichiranhyou, p 61.
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: Co9S8
Reference: http://wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-220/DATABASE/lode_deposits.txt
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Tadao Nishiyama, Hiroaki Ohfuji, Ukyo Nishi, Kazuki Harada, Kousuke Fukuba (2018) Origin of lowest temperature microdiamond in a metapelite from Nishisonogi, western Japan. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 147
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Doinikova, O.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(1), 80-86.
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Reference: H. J. Axon, J. Kinder, C. W. Haworth and J. W. Horsfield (1981) Carlsbergite, CrN, in Troilite, FeS, of the Sikhote Alin Meteoritic Iron. Mineralogical Magazine 44:107-109.
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Буханова, Д. С. (2018). ТЕЛЛУРИДЫ В РУДАХ МАЛМЫЖСКОГО ЗОЛОТО-МЕДНОПОРФИРОВОГО МЕСТОРОЖДЕНИЯ, НИЖНЕЕ ПРИАМУРЬЕ. Сопредседатели оргкомитета, 91.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Zaraisky.html (Previously published in: Mineral Deposits: Research and Exploration Where do They Meet? Proceedings of the Fourth Biennial SGA Meeting , Turku/Finland/11-13 August 1997) and F.G. Reyf et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, 2000, Volume 38, number 4, Pages 915-936.; Thomas, R., Davidson, P., & Badanina, E. (2009). A melt and fluid inclusion assemblage in beryl from pegmatite in the Orlovka amazonite granite, East Transbaikalia, Russia: implications for pegmatite-forming melt systems. Mineralogy and Petrology, 96(3-4), 129-140.
'Columbite Group'
Reference: V. E. Zagorsk (2016): The Durulgui rare-metal granite‒pegmatite system in the eastern Transbaikal region: Petrological and geochronological aspects. Doklady Earth Sciences 471, 1134–1139.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: Thomas, R., Davidson, P., & Badanina, E. (2009). A melt and fluid inclusion assemblage in beryl from pegmatite in the Orlovka amazonite granite, East Transbaikalia, Russia: implications for pegmatite-forming melt systems. Mineralogy and Petrology, 96(3-4), 129-140.; Dolgopolova, A., Seltmann, R., Kober, B., Weiss, D., Stanley, C., & Dulski, P. (2004). Geochemical characteristics and lead isotope systematics of highly fractionated Li–F-enriched amazonite granites and related host rocks of the Orlovka–Spokoinoe mining district, Eastern Transbaikalia (Russia). Applied Earth Science, 113(1), 83-99.
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Reference: 加瀬克雄, 山本雅弘, & 光野千春. (1994). 柵原鉱山における Ge を含むコルース鉱の産出とその鉱床成因論的意義. 資源地質, 44(243), 33-38. (= Kase, Katsuo; Yamamoto, Masahiro; Mitsuno, Chiharu (1994): Germanium-​bearing colusite from the Yanahara Mine, Japan, and its significance to ore genesis. Shigen Chishitsu 44(1), 33-38.)
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Go ITO
Cookeite
Formula: (Al,Li)3Al2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Sakurai et al (1973) Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 46, 3893.; Yohei Shirose, Seiichiro Uehara (2013) Li tourmaline from Nagatare, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences Vol. 108 (2013) No. 4 August p. 238-243; Shirose, Y., Uehara, S. (2014) Secondary phosphates in montebrasite and amblygonite from Nagatare, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109, 103-108.; Shirose, Y., & Uehara, S. (2014). Secondary phosphates in montebrasite and amblygonite from Nagatare, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(2), 103-108.
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Shcheka G.G., Vrzhosek A.A., Lehmann B., Tolstykh N.D. (2004) Associations of platinum-group minerals from the Zolotaya gold placiers, Primorye, Russian Far East, - Canadian Mineralogist, v.42, pp. 583-599.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Reference: Watanabe, H., Tazaki, K., Islam, A. B. M., & Khodijah, C. S. (2003). 1-7. Copper biomineralization with banded structure at Dogamaru mine, Shimane Prefecture, Japan.
Copper var. Stanniferous Copper
Formula: (Cu,Sn)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Coquandite
Formula: Sb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)
Reference: specimens seen at Kyoto show, 2010
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Takagi, T., Naito, K., Collins, L. G., & Iizumi, S. (2007). Plagioclase–quartz Rocks of Metasomatic Origin at the Expense of Granitic Rocks of the Komaki District, Southwestern Japan. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(3), 559-580.
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsankoubutsu Gojuonhairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou, p 80.
Cornetite
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: Gongalsky, B., & Krivolutskaya, N. (2019). The Cu-Ag-Fe Udokan Deposit. In World-Class Mineral Deposits of Northeastern Transbaikalia, Siberia, Russia (pp. 37-85). Springer, Cham.
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Ohori and Kobayashi (1996) Chigaku Kenkyu, 44, 223-232.
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Ohori and Kobayashi (1996) Chigaku Kenkyu, 44, 223-232.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Zhicheng Lü, Paiping Zhang, Guozheng Duan, Libo Hao, and Guanghua Dong (2002): Journal of Mineraloy and Petrology 22(1), 1-5
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Reference: Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., & Karmanov, N. S. (2009). Phosphate and sulfate-phosphate mineralization in sillimanite-bearing rocks at the Kyakhta deposit, western Transbaikal region. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(7), 617-626.
Corundum var. Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Chishitsu Chousajo (1902)
Corundum var. Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Vakh, A. S., Moiseenko, V. G., Stepanov, V. A., & Avchenko, O. V. (2009, March). The Berezitovy gold-base metal deposit. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 425, No. 1, pp. 253-255). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.; Vakh, A. S., Khomich, V. G., Boriskina, N. G., & Santosh, M. (2016). The Berezitovoe gold-polymetallic deposit (Upper Amur region, Russia): Structure, mineralogy and genetic aspects. Geoscience Frontiers, 7(3), 483-494.
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Reference: Perevoznikova, E. V., & Miroshnichenko, N. V. (2009). Tausonite and aluminum-fluorine titanite from the metamorphosed metalliferous sediments of the Triassic chert formation of the Sikhote Alin. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 3(3), 294-297.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 74 localities in this region.
Reference: Xu, Z.; Sun, J.; Liang, X.; Xu, Z.; Chu, X. (2020) Geochronology, Geochemistry, and Pb–Hf Isotopic Composition of Mineralization-Related Magmatic Rocks in the Erdaohezi Pb–Zn Polymetallic Deposit, Great Xing’an Range, Northeast China. Minerals 10, 274.
Covellite var. Selenian Covellite
Formula: Cu(S,Se)
Reference: Minzhi Yang (2004): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 19(3), 143-146
Cowlesite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.; Izbrodin, I.A., Ripp, G.S., and Karmanov, N.S. (2009) Phosphate and sulfate-phosphate mineralization in sillimanite-bearing rocks at the Kyakhta deposit, western Transbaikal region. Geology of Ore Deposits: 51(7): 617-626.; Izbrodin, I.A., Ripp, G.S., and Doroshkevich, A.G. (2010) Aluminium phosphate and phosphate-sulphate minerals in kyanite schists of the Ichetuyskoye area, West Transbaikalia, Russia: crystal chemistry and evolution. Mineralogy and Petrology: 101: 81-96.
Crednerite
Formula: CuMnO2
Reference: http://www.issp.u-tokyo.ac.jp/labs/mdcl/lab/denken/wordpress/?page_id=803
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Noriyuki FUJII (1961) Report on Iki Clay Deposits, Iki Island. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan Vol.12:647-652
'Crossite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Cryolite
Formula: Na2NaAlF6
Reference: Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706; USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p20; Sharygin, V. V., & Vladykin, N. V. (2014). Mineralogy of cryolite rocks from the Katugin massif, Transbaikalia, Russia. Abstract Book of 30th International Conference on “Ore Potential of Alkaline, Kimberlite and Carbonatite Magmatism,” Antalya, Turkey, 166-168.; Savel’eva, V. B., Bazarova, E. P., Khromova, E. A., & Kanakin, S. V. (2017). Fluorides and Fluorcarbonates in Rocks of the Katugin Complex, Eastern Siberia: Indicators of Geochemical Mineral Formation Conditions. Geology of Ore Deposits, 59(7), 561-574.; E. V. Sklyarov, D. P. Gladkochub, A. B. Kotov, A. E. Starikova, V. V. Sharygin, S. D. Velikoslavinsky, A. M. Larin, A. M. Mazukabzov, E. V. Tolmacheva, E. A. Khromova (2016): Genesis of the Katugin rare-metal ore deposit: Magmatism versus metasomatism. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology 10, 155–167.; Starikova, A. E., Bazarova, E. P., Savel’eva, V. B., Sklyarov, E. V., Khromova, E. A., & Kanakin, S. V. (2019) Pyrochlore-Group Minerals in the Granite-Hosted Katugin Rare-Metal Deposit, Transbaikalia, Russia. Minerals, 9(8), 490.
'Cryophyllite'
Reference: Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Zhicheng Lü, Paiping Zhang, Guozheng Duan, Libo Hao, and Guanghua Dong (2002): Journal of Mineraloy and Petrology 22(1), 1-5
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Reference: Lee, C.H., Lee, H.K., and Kim, S.J. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 379-390.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ◻{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Fuzimoto, M. (2006): Manganese minerals from manganese mines, Takachiho district, Miyazaki Prefecture​. Part 2. Morowaku Mine. Chigaku Kenkyu 55(1), 3-10 (in Japanese).
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Cuprite var. Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Masutomi Museum specimens (Kyoto); Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Cuprorhodsite
Formula: (Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4
Reference: Shcheka G.G., Vrzhosek A.A., Lehmann B., Tolstykh N.D. (2004) Associations of platinum-group minerals from the Zolotaya gold placiers, Primorye, Russian Far East, - Canadian Mineralogist, v.42, pp. 583-599.
Cuprosklodowskite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Reference: Kato (1973), Sakurai Kobutsu Hyohon (Sakurai collection) 44
Cuprotungstite
Formula: Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Reference: Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
Curite
Formula: Pb3(H2O)2[(UO2)4O4(OH)3]2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2012
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Ottens, B. & Bin, J. (2014): Seltene Boratmineralien aus der Inneren Mongolei, China. Lapis, 39 (7/8), 66-68.
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Yakhontova, L. K.; Lebedev, V. L.; Guseinov, M. A.; Sokolova, E. V.; Nesterovich, L. G. (1988): Copper sulfates from the low-temperature supergene zone of the Udokan deposit. Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 4: Geol., (5), 38-43 (in Russian).
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy, (c) 2001.
Dalnegorskite (TL)
Formula: Ca5Mn(Si3O9)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Shchipalkina, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Ksenofontov, D.A., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I. and Koshlyakova, N.N. (2018) Dalnegorskite, IMA 2018-007. CNMNC Newsletter No 43, June 2018, page 782; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 779-785.; Shchipalkina, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Ksenofontov, D.A., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Koshlyakova, N.N. (2019): Dalnegorskite, Ca5Mn(Si3O9)2, a new pyroxenoid of the bustamite structure type, a rock-forming mineral of calcic skarns of the Dalnegorskoe boron deposit (Primorskiy kray, Russia). Zapiski RMO, 148(2), 61-75.
Damiaoite (TL)
Formula: PtIn2
Reference: Yu Zuxiang (1997): Acta Geologia Sinica 71(4), 329-331.
Danalite
Formula: Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Daomanite (TL)
Formula: CuPtAsS2
Reference: Yu Zuxiang, Lin Shujen, Chao Pao, Fang Chingsung, and Huang Chishun (1974): Acta Geologica Sinica 48(2), 202-218; Yu Zuxiang, Ding Kuishou, and Zhou Jianxiong (1978): Acta Geologica Sinica 52(4), 320-325; Yu Zuxiang (2001): Acta Geologica Sinica 75(3), 396-399.
Dashkovaite
Formula: Mg(HCOO)2 · 2H2O
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Description: Gooseberry-green crystals with clear quartz frosting on the lower edges. Very rare twins (4 or 5 known)
Reference: Rock & Gem, August 2001, p. 80; MinRec 32:9; Mineralogical Record (2009) 40:127-129
Datolite var. Bakerite
Formula: Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 303.; Mineralogical Journal Vol. 17 (1994) , No. 3 pp 111-117
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data; H. J. Axon, J. Kinder, C. W. Haworth and J. W. Horsfield (1981) Carlsbergite, CrN, in Troilite, FeS, of the Sikhote Alin Meteoritic Iron. Mineralogical Magazine 44:107-109.
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Reference: Yuqiao Gao, Li Liu, Xiyu Qu, and Na Liu (2008): Journal of Palaeogeography 10(2), 111-123
Deerite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
Reference: Feng Xiancan, Yang Ruiying, Song Guisen, Li Chenggui, and Lu Guojun (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(4), 333-337.
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Reference: Minakawa & Dehara (2005) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 150.
'Delessite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Reference: Soloviev, S. G., & Krivoshchekov, N. N. (2011). Vostok-2 gold-base-metal-tungsten skarn deposit, Central Sikhote-Alin, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 53(6), 478-500.
Desautelsite
Formula: Mg6Mn3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: Matsubara, S. et al (1984) Bulletin of the National Science Museum, 10, 81-86.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Dejuan Wen, Shouren Teng, Changchun Liu, and Aijun Wu (2013): Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration 37(6), 998-1002, 1007
Despujolsite
Formula: Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Brandon, K., Tazaki, K., & Okuno, M. (2009). Metal Uptake in Benthic Organisms and Argillaceous Sediments Affected by Mine Drainage in Ogoya, Ishikawa, Japan. Clay Science, 14(2), 65-79.
Destinezite
Formula: Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Reference: Matsubara et al. (1999) Bulletin of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 25, 51-57.
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
'Deweylite'
Formula: Mg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
Reference: 辻森樹, LIOU, J. G., & 宮本知治. (2004). 大佐山蛇紋岩メランジュ産ひすい輝石岩中のひすい輝石包有物を含むジルコン巨晶の SHRIMP U-Pb 年代. 日本岩石鉱物鉱床学会 学術講演会 講演要旨集, 2004(0), 29-29.
Diadochite
Formula: Fe3+