SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice SettingsThe Mineral Quiz
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesSearch by ColorNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Aegean Sea Platei
Regional Level Types
Aegean Sea PlateTectonic Plate

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
İzmir2,500,603 (2012)
Athens664,046 (2015)
Karabağlar458,000 (2011)
Manisa243,971 (2015)
Pátra168,034 (2015)
Piraeus163,688 (2015)


No description has been added for this locality. Can you add one?

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

764 valid minerals. 33 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 5 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Abswurmbachite (TL)
Formula: CuMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Reinecke, T., Tillmanns, E. & Bernhardt, H.-J. (1991): Abswurmbachite, Cu2+Mn3+[O8/SiO4], a new mineral of the braunite group: natural occurrence, synthesis and crystal structure. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen, 163, 117-143.
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Gunnar Fabre
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Adamite var. Aluminium-bearing Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Al)2AsO4(OH)
Reference: Heymann, J.(1982): Al-Adamin. LAPIS 7 (3), 26-28; Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Adamite var. Cobalt-bearing Adamite
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Adamite var. Copper-bearing Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Adamite var. Manganese-bearing Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Mn)2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Adamite var. Nickel-bearing Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Ni)2AsO4(OH)
Reference: Gebhard, G. (1983): Nickel-Adamin - eine neue Adamin-Varietät aus Lavrion / Griechenland. Lapis, 8 (12), 31-32.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Description: In mica-eclogites.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 619-634.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Description: In mica-eclogites : Large crystals rpseudomorphs after magmatic pyroxenes.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 619-634.
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Agardite'
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection
Agardite-(Ce)
Formula: CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Agardite-(La)
Formula: LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Agardite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Zadov, A.E., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A. and Katerinopoulos, A. (2010) Agardite-(Nd), IMA 2010-056. CNMNC Newsletter No. 7, February 2010, page 30; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 27-31.; Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Zadov, A.E., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2011): Agardite-(Nd), NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6•3H2O from the Hilarion Mine, Lavrion, Greece: mineral description and chemical relations with other members of the agardite-zálesíite solid-solution system. Journal of Geosciences, 56, 249-255.
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Giester, G. and Rieck, B. (2014) Crystal structure refinement of aurichalcite, (Cu,Zn)5(CO3)2(OH)6, from the Lavrion Mining District, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 191/2, 225-232.
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Branko Rieck collection
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: American Mineralogist: 53: 1579-1601
Albite var. Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Robert, U., Foden, J., & Varne, R. (1992). The Dodecanese Province, SE Aegean: a model for tectonic control on potassic magmatism. Lithos, 28(3-6), 241-260. Burri, C., Tartar, Y., & Weibel, M. (1967). Zur Kenntnis der jungen Vulkanite der Halbinsel Bodrum. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt, 47, 833-854.
Albite var. Anorthoclase
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Econ Geol (1989)84:788-798
Albite var. High Albite
Formula: NaAlSi3O8
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
Aldridgeite
Formula: (Cd,Ca)(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Zadov, A.E. (2007): Attikaite, Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4•2H2O, a new mineral species. Geology of Ore Deposits, 49(8), 720-726. [English translation of Russian paper from 2007]
Almandine (TL)
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Gübelin, E. and Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel (in Dutch).; Galoisy, L. (2013) Garnet: From Stone to Star. Elements, 9(6), 453-456.; Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols;
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Description: In metapelites (schists), associated with titanite (rutile absent).
Reference: Theye, T., Seidel, E., Vidal, O. (1992) Carpholite, sudoite, and chloritoid in low-grade high-pressure metapelites from Crete and the Peloponnese, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy: 4(3): 487–507.
Alpersite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: A. P. Fornadel, P. Ch. Voudouris, P. G. Spry, V. Melfos (2012): Mineralogical, stable isotope, and fluid inclusion studies of spatially related porphyry Cu and epithermal Au-Te mineralization, Fakos Peninsula, Limnos Island, Greece. Mineral. Petrol. 105, 85-111.
Aluminoceladonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2).
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
'Alunite Group'
Reference: Branko Rieck, Uwe Kolitsch and other collections
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
Amarantite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
Ammoniojarosite
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
'Amphibole Supergroup var. Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Lapis, 33 (5), 2008, 36-39.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1989)84:788-798; Helvaci, C., Stamatakis, M. G., Zagouroglou, C., & Kanaris, J. (1993). Borate minerals and related authigenic silicates in northeastern Mediterranean Late Miocene continental basins. Exploration and Mining Geology, 2(2), 171-178.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 484-489, 1978
Andersonite
Formula: Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.
Andradite var. Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: No reference listed
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Habit: Tabular
Colour: Green, bright green, pale green
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Annabergite var. Magnesium-bearing Annabergite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 749.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Anorthite var. Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Anthonyite
Formula: Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: No reference listed
'Antimony Ochre'
Reference: Höll, R. (1966): Genese und Altersstellung von Vorkommen der Sb-W-Hg-Formation in der Türkei und auf Chios, Griechenland. Abhandlungen der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften - Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse – NF 127, 2-118.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Gröbner, J. (2003): Hervorragender Neufund: Niedermayrit aus dem Revier Villia bei Lavrion. Lapis, 28 (5), 32-34.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Apjohnite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Aplowite
Formula: (Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2).
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Reference: Colleen Thompson collection.
Aragonite var. Flos Ferri
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Aragonite var. Lead-bearing Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Pb)CO3
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1985): Neue Schlackenmineralien von Lavrion. Lapis, 10 (5), 13-16; 50.
Ardennite-(V)
Formula: Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(VO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Reference: Stefan Weiss (2008) Lapis, 33, #2, 8.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: Tombros, S.F. (2008): Later stages of evolution of an epithermal system: Au-Ag mineralization at Apigania Bay, Tinos, Island, Cyclades, Hellas, Greece. Min.Pet. (in press)
Argentotetrahedrite-(Fe)
Formula: Ag6(Cu4Fe2)Sb4S12S
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Arsendescloizite
Formula: PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Arsenic
Formula: As
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Dill H.G. et. al., Post-Miocene and Bronze-Age Supergene Cu–Pb Arsenate–Humate–Oxalate–Carbonate Mineralization at Mega Livadi, Serifos, Greece, The Canadian MineralogistVol. 48, pp. 163-181 (2010)
Arsenocrandallite
Formula: CaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Zadov, A.E. (2007): Attikaite, Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4•2H2O, a new mineral species. Geology of Ore Deposits, 49(8), 720-726. [English translation of Russian paper from 2007]
Arsenogorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Arsenogoyazite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Zadov, A.E. (2007): Attikaite, Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4•2H2O, a new mineral species. Geology of Ore Deposits, 49(8), 720-726. [English translation of Russian paper from 2007]
Arsenolamprite
Formula: As
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Reference: Lapis No.7/8 1999 p.70-74; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Arthurite
Formula: CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Arzrunite ?
Formula: Cu4Pb2(SO4)(OH)4Cl6 · 2H2O (?)
Reference: Rieck, B. (1999): Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis 24 (7-8), 68-76; 90.
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection (analysed by U. Kolitsch)
Atelestite
Formula: Bi2(AsO4)O(OH)
Habit: elongated
Colour: pale yellow
Reference: Rieck, B & Rieck, P (1999). LAPIS 24 7/8, 59-63 (the complete (at that time!) mineral list; in German)
Attikaite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: N. V. Chukanov, I. V. Pekov and A. E. Zadov (2007) Attikaite, Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 2H2O, a new mineral species Geology of Ore Deposits 49: 720-726
Aubertite
Formula: CuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. (1999): Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis 24 (7-8), 68-76; 90.
Auriacusite
Formula: Fe3+Cu2+(AsO4)O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Austinite var. Copper-bearing Austinite
Formula: Ca(Zn,Cu)(AsO4)(OH)
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Reference: Oyman, T., Minareci, F., and Pişkin, Ö. (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 35-53.
'Axinite-(Mn)-Tinzenite Series'
Reference: Oyman, T., Minareci, F., and Pişkin, Ö. (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 35-53.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Baileychlore
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Description: One specimen was aquired from Kristalldruse (see ad in reference) and checked with EDX and PXRD which confirmed the ID (Rieck 2012 & pers. comm.).
Reference: LAPIS 2010 7/8, p. 14 (Kristalldruse ad); Rieck, B. (2012): Neue Minerale aus dem Lagerstätten-Bezirk Lavrion/Griechenland und den Kalahari Mangan Feldern/Republik Südafrika. PhD Thesis (unpubl.), University of Vienna, 183 pp. (in German); Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Bannermanite
Formula: (Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Reference: Igor Pekov analysis (IR, SXRD, EPMA); Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Barahonaite-(Al)
Formula: (Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Barnesite
Formula: (Na,Ca)V6O16 · 3H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
'Barringtonite' ?
Formula: MgCO3 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Barroisite
Formula: ◻{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Reinecke, T. (1982): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 79, 333-336.
Barstowite
Formula: Pb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Reference: Gelaude, P., van Kalmthout, P., and Rewitzer, C. (1996) Laurion: The minerals of the ancient slags. Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; A. P. Fornadel, P. Ch. Voudouris, P. G. Spry, V. Melfos (2012): Mineralogical, stable isotope, and fluid inclusion studies of spatially related porphyry Cu and epithermal Au-Te mineralization, Fakos Peninsula, Limnos Island, Greece. Mineral. Petrol. 105, 85-111.
'Bastnäsite'
Formula: (Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)F
Reference: Pantó, G. & Maksimović, Z. (2001): Two new rare earth minerals in an unusual mineralization of the Nissi bauxite deposit, Greece. Acta Geologica Hungarica 44, 81-93.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Reference: Sofia Kalatha, Maria Perraki, Maria Economou-Eliopoulos and Ioannis Mitsis (2017): On the origin of bastnaesite-(La,Nd,Y) in the Nissi (Patitira) bauxite laterite deposit, Lokris, Greece. Minerals 7, 45.
Baumstarkite
Formula: Ag3Sb3S6
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Bayerite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Z. Maksimovitch, D.L. Bisch : "Brindleyite, a nickel-rich aluminous serpentinite mineral analogous to berthierine", Amer. Mineralogist, 1978, 63, 484-489"
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Bayleyite
Formula: Mg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Bendadaite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Tzamos, E.; Gamaletsos, P.N.; Grieco, G.; Bussolesi, M.; Xenidis, A.; Zouboulis, A.; Dimitriadis, D.; Pontikes, Y.; Godelitsas, A. (2020) New Insights into the Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Sb Ores from Greece. Minerals 10, 236.
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Betpakdalite-CaCa
Formula: [Ca2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O36(OH)]
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Zadov, A.E. (2007): Attikaite, Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4•2H2O, a new mineral species. Geology of Ore Deposits, 49(8), 720-726. [English translation of Russian paper from 2007]
'Beudantite-Segnitite Series'
Reference: Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Reference: Fritz Schreiber specimen; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).; Fabritz, K. H. (2018): Gold aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Der Steirische Mineralog, 33, 85 (in German).
Bianchite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
Bílinite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Lapis No.11 2001 p.13-21; GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Pantó, G. & Maksimović, Z. (2001): Two new rare earth minerals in an unusual mineralization of the Nissi bauxite deposit, Greece. Acta Geologica Hungarica 44, 81-93.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1999): Neue Minerale von den alten Lagerstätten Lavrions/Griechenland. Aufschluss 50, 207-209. [bismite and bismuth describe therein are from the Jean Baptiste mine - Branko Rieck pers. comm. to Uwe Kolitsch 2012]; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.; Periferakis, A., Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Mavrogonatos, C., & Alfieris, D. (2017, April). The Stypsi-Megala Therma porphyry-epithermal mineralization, Lesvos Island, Greece: new mineralogical and geochemical data. In EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts (Vol. 19, p. 12950).
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Bismutoferrite
Formula: Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Blixite
Formula: Pb8O5(OH)2Cl4
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Bobkingite
Formula: Cu5Cl2(OH)8 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: http://www.min.tu-clausthal.de/www/sga/news15/art10.html
Boleite
Formula: KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Ko Jansen; The Minerals of Lavrion
Boltwoodite
Formula: (K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Reference: Michalis Fitros collection (EDS and PXRD analyses); Branko Rieck collection (EDS and SXRD analyses)
Bonattite
Formula: CuSO4 · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; A. P. Fornadel, P. Ch. Voudouris, P. G. Spry, V. Melfos (2012): Mineralogical, stable isotope, and fluid inclusion studies of spatially related porphyry Cu and epithermal Au-Te mineralization, Fakos Peninsula, Limnos Island, Greece. Mineral. Petrol. 105, 85-111.; Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: No reference listed
Bottinoite
Formula: Ni2+Sb5+2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; A. P. Fornadel, P. Ch. Voudouris, P. G. Spry, V. Melfos (2012): Mineralogical, stable isotope, and fluid inclusion studies of spatially related porphyry Cu and epithermal Au-Te mineralization, Fakos Peninsula, Limnos Island, Greece. Mineral. Petrol. 105, 85-111.; Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Boyleite
Formula: (Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Brassite
Formula: Mg(HAsO4) · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: No reference listed
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German); Ray L. Frost, Andrés López, Lina Wang, Ricardo Scholz, Ney Pinheiro Sampaio (2015): SEM, EDX and Raman and infrared spectroscopic study of brianyoungite Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4 from Esperanza Mine, Laurion District, Greece. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 149, 279-284.
Brindleyite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min. (1978) 63, 484-489
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Bukovskýite
Formula: Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
Reference: Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). (p. 75)
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Frenzel, A. (1895): Mineralogisches. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 14, 121-130 (in German).
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 88 localities in this region.
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection
'Calcite Group'
Formula: AXO3
Reference: Höll, R. (1966): Genese und Altersstellung von Vorkommen der Sb-W-Hg-Formation in der Türkei und auf Chios, Griechenland. Abhandlungen der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften - Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse – NF 127, 2-118.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Calumetite
Formula: CaCu4(OH)8Cl2 · 3.5H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1981): Neufunde von Mineralen aus den antiken Bleischlacken Laurions. Der Aufschluss, 32, 165-169.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Reference: Tombros, S.F. (2008): Later stages of evolution of an epithermal system: Au-Ag mineralization at Apigania Bay, Tinos, Island, Cyclades, Hellas, Greece. Min.Pet. (in press)
Caracolite
Formula: Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1999): Neue Minerale von den alten Lagerstätten Lavrions/Griechenland. Aufschluss 50, 207-209.
Carlhintzeite
Formula: Ca2[AlF6]F · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Zadov, A.E. (2007): Attikaite, Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4•2H2O, a new mineral species. Geology of Ore Deposits, 49(8), 720-726. [English translation of Russian paper from 2007]
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Tombros, S.F. (2008): Later stages of evolution of an epithermal system: Au-Ag mineralization at Apigania Bay, Tinos, Island, Cyclades, Hellas, Greece. Min.Pet. (in press)
Cattierite
Formula: CoS2
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 527-537.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Econ Geol (1989)84:788-798
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Reinecke, T. (1982): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 79, 333-336.
Ceruleite
Formula: Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.
'Chabazite'
Reference: Econ Geol (1989)84:788-798; Helvaci, C., Stamatakis, M. G., Zagouroglou, C., & Kanaris, J. (1993). Borate minerals and related authigenic silicates in northeastern Mediterranean Late Miocene continental basins. Exploration and Mining Geology, 2(2), 171-178.
Chadwickite
Formula: (UO2)[HAsO3]
Reference: Michalis Fitros collection (EDS analysis, SXRD planned); Branko Rieck collection (EDS and SXRD analyses)
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: ko jansen
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Kilias, S.P., Naden, J., Cheliotis, I., Shepherd, T.J., Constandinidou, H., Crossing, J., and Simos, I. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 32-44.
Chalcophanite
Formula: ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Steve Rust Collection
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; A. P. Fornadel, P. Ch. Voudouris, P. G. Spry, V. Melfos (2012): Mineralogical, stable isotope, and fluid inclusion studies of spatially related porphyry Cu and epithermal Au-Te mineralization, Fakos Peninsula, Limnos Island, Greece. Mineral. Petrol. 105, 85-111.; Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 487-507.
'Chamosite-Clinochlore Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Theye, T., Seidel, E., Vidal, O. (1992) Carpholite, sudoite, and chloritoid in low-grade high-pressure metapelites from Crete and the Peloponnese, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy: 4(3): 487–507.
Changoite
Formula: Na2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Heymann, J. (1982): Al-Adamin. LAPIS 7 (3), 26-28.
Chenite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rieck, B. (1999): Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis 24 (7-8), 68-76; 90.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Kilias, S.P., Naden, J., Cheliotis, I., Shepherd, T.J., Constandinidou, H., Crossing, J., and Simos, I. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 32-44.
Chlorargyrite var. Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
Reference: Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1996) Eine Antimonit-Paragenese und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 21 (11), 40-42; 62; Hanke, H. (1998) Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45; Lapis (1999) 24, 7/8;
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Theye, T., Seidel, E., Vidal, O. (1992) Carpholite, sudoite, and chloritoid in low-grade high-pressure metapelites from Crete and the Peloponnese, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy: 4(3): 487–507.
Chlorophoenicite
Formula: (Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
Chloroxiphite
Formula: Pb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
Reference: Laurion The minerals in the ancient slags by Piet Gelaude etc.
Christelite
Formula: Cu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: Robert, U., Foden, J., & Varne, R. (1992). The Dodecanese Province, SE Aegean: a model for tectonic control on potassic magmatism. Lithos, 28(3-6), 241-260. Burri, C., Tartar, Y., & Weibel, M. (1967). Zur Kenntnis der jungen Vulkanite der Halbinsel Bodrum. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt, 47, 833-854.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: http://www.min.tu-clausthal.de/www/sga/news15/art10.html
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: ko jansen
Chukhrovite-(Ca)
Formula: Ca4.5Al2(SO4)F13 · 12H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Chvaleticeite
Formula: (Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Höll, R. (1966): Genese und Altersstellung von Vorkommen der Sb-W-Hg-Formation in der Türkei und auf Chios, Griechenland. Abhandlungen der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften - Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse – NF 127, 2-118.
Claringbullite
Formula: Cu4ClF(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
'Clays'
Reference: KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Clinocervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Theye, T., Seidel, E., Vidal, O. (1992) Carpholite, sudoite, and chloritoid in low-grade high-pressure metapelites from Crete and the Peloponnese, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy: 4(3): 487–507.
Clinochlore var. Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 527-537.
'Clinoptilolite'
Formula: M3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Reinecke, T. (1986): Crystal chemistry and reaction relations of piemontites and thulites from highly oxidized low grade metamorphic rocks at Vitali, Andros Island, Greece. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 56-76.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: Associated with paragonite, pseudomorphs after lawsonite.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 619-634.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Cobaltkoritnigite
Formula: (Co,Zn)(HAsO4) · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Colemanite
Formula: Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1989)84:788-798; Helvaci, C., Stamatakis, M. G., Zagouroglou, C., & Kanaris, J. (1993). Borate minerals and related authigenic silicates in northeastern Mediterranean Late Miocene continental basins. Exploration and Mining Geology, 2(2), 171-178.
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Voudouris, P., Spry, P. G., Melfos, V., Haase, K., Klemd, R., Mavrogonatos, C., ... & Alfieris, D. (2018). Gold deposits in Greece: Hypogene ore mineralogy as a guide for precious and critical metal exploration. In Proc. 1st Int. Electr. Conf. Mineral Science (p. 13).
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Lefteris Rantos collection
Cookeite
Formula: (Al,Li)3Al2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: American Mineralogist (2003) 88, 789-805
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Description: Schnorrer & Breitenbach (1996) describe copiapite but give the formula of magnesiocopiapite. Copiapite (the mineral, not the group) has been identified on a handful of specimens that contain Voltaite.
Reference: Schnorrer, G. and Breitenbach, H. (1996) Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21(1), 45-48; 62. [describe copiapite but give the formula of magnesiocopiapite.]
'Copiapite Group'
Reference: Vik Vanrusselt collection
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.
'Copper Sulphides'
Reference: http://biomine.brgm.fr/Documents/4BioMinEProducts/Deliverable/DI3_WP1_Resource%20identification_v061031.pdf
Coquandite
Formula: Sb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Coquimbite
Formula: AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8, (1999); NHM Vienna collection (SEM-EDS-analysed); Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Description: From small dump near the Hilarion adit.
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Voudouris, P., Mavrogonatos, C., Graham, I., Giuliani, G., Tarantola, A., Melfos, V., ... & Magganas, A. (2019) Gemstones of Greece: Geology and Crystallizing Environments. Minerals, 9(8), 461.
Corundum var. Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Voudouris, P., Mavrogonatos, C., Graham, I., Giuliani, G., Tarantola, A., Melfos, V., ... & Magganas, A. (2019) Gemstones of Greece: Geology and Crystallizing Environments. Minerals, 9(8), 461.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Gröbner J & Kolitsch U (2002). Aufschluss 53, 363-371
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Reference: No reference listed
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Reference: Kilias, S.P., Naden, J., Cheliotis, I., Shepherd, T.J., Constandinidou, H., Crossing, J., and Simos, I. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 32-44.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (unpubl. SEM-EDS results; to be published in next article on new finds from Lavrion); Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1985): Neue Schlackenmineralien von Lavrion. Lapis, 10 (5), 13-16; 50.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
Cronstedtite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
'Crossite'
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 343-366.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Hochleitner, R. (1980): Lapis Aktuell: Vernadit = Kryptomelan. Lapis, 5(2), 5; Katerinopoulos, A. & Zissimopoulou, E. (1994): New mineral occurences from the Laurium mines. Mineralogical Record, 25, 279-280.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Rieck, B. & Wendel, W. (1999): Plaka – Sounion Top aktuell: Die Funde vom Frühjahr 1999. Lapis 24 (7-8), 77-78.
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: The Minerals of Lavrion 2019
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: ko jansen
Cuprite var. Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Hanke, H. (1996): Neues aus Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt, 7 (1), 54-56.
Cuprocopiapite
Formula: Cu2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Description: Possibly questionable as method(s) of analysis not stated and mineral is described as yellow to beige, "lath-shaped" crystals.
Reference: Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.
Cuproroméite
Formula: Cu2Sb2(O,OH)7
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Cyanochroite
Formula: K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: ko jansen
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Reference: Reinecke, T. (1982): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 79, 333-336.
Dadsonite
Formula: Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Damaraite
Formula: Pb3Cl(OH)O2
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1992): Damarait - ein Mineralneufund aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion/Griechenland. Der Aufschluss, 43, 245-246.
Deerite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
Description: In meta-ironstones, associated with magnetite and crossite.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 619-634.
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Reference: Branko Rieck
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8, (1999)
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection (SXRD-analysed by Uwe Kolitsch)
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Reference: http://biomine.brgm.fr/Documents/4BioMinEProducts/Deliverable/DI3_WP1_Resource%20identification_v061031.pdf; M. Grossou-Valta, K. Adam, D. C. Constantinides, J. M. Prevosteau, E. Dimou (1990): Mineralogy of and potential beneficiation process for the Molai complex sulphide orebody, Greece. In: P. M. J. Gray, G. J. Bowyer, J. F. Castle, D. J. Vaughan, N. A. Warner (Eds.): Sulphide deposits — their origin and processing, 1990, The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 119-133.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Viswanathan, K., & Seidel, E. (1979). Crystal chemistry of Fe-Mg-carpholites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 70(1), 41-47.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Papoulis, D., Tsolis-Katagas, P., Tsikouras, B., & Katagas, C. (2005). An FT-Raman, Raman and FTIR study of hydrothermally altered volcanic rocks from Kos Island (Southeastern Aegean, Greece). In Developments in Volcanology (Vol. 7, pp. 293-304). Elsevier.
Dietrichite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Kilias, S.P., Naden, J., Cheliotis, I., Shepherd, T.J., Constandinidou, H., Crossing, J., and Simos, I. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 32-44.
Dimorphite
Formula: As4S3
Reference: No reference listed
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Diopside var. Violan
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Reinecke, T. (1982): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 79, 333-336.; Reinecke, T. (1986): Crystal chemistry and reaction relations of piemontites and thulites from highly oxidized low grade metamorphic rocks at Vitali, Andros Island, Greece. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 56-76.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
'Dravite-Schorl Series'
Reference: Theye, T., Seidel, E., Vidal, O. (1992) Carpholite, sudoite, and chloritoid in low-grade high-pressure metapelites from Crete and the Peloponnese, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy: 4(3): 487–507.
Drobecite (TL)
Formula: CdSO4 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Giester, G. and Rieck, B. (2010) Drobecite, a novel mineral from the Lavrion, Greece, deposit. 20th General Meeting of IMA (IMA2010) August 21 – 27, 2010, Budapest, Hungary (poster).
Drugmanite
Formula: Pb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Steve Rust Collection
Dussertite
Formula: BaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Dypingite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
Dzhalindite
Formula: In(OH)3
Reference: Branko Rieck (1999) Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. LAPIS 24:7/8 pp 68-76.
Ecdemite
Formula: Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Edwardsite
Formula: Cu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German). Rieck, B., Lengauer, C.L., Giester, G. (2019): Voudourisite, Cd(SO4)·H2O, and lazaridisite, Cd3(SO4)3·8H2O, two new minerals from the Lavrion Mining District, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine, 83, 551-559.
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: van Kalmthout, P. (2012): De slakkenmineralen van Lavrion (Gr.) - Ontwikkelingen na 1996, inclusief een archeologische ontdekking. GEA, 45 (1), 14-19 (in Dutch).
Empressite
Formula: AgTe
Reference: Voudouris, P., Spry, P. G., Melfos, V., Haase, K., Klemd, R., Mavrogonatos, C., ... & Alfieris, D. (2018). Gold deposits in Greece: Hypogene ore mineralogy as a guide for precious and critical metal exploration. In Proc. 1st Int. Electr. Conf. Mineral Science (p. 13).
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: A. P. Fornadel, P. Ch. Voudouris, P. G. Spry, V. Melfos (2012): Mineralogical, stable isotope, and fluid inclusion studies of spatially related porphyry Cu and epithermal Au-Te mineralization, Fakos Peninsula, Limnos Island, Greece. Mineral. Petrol. 105, 85-111.
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Weisberg et al. (2008) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 94, September 2008. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43(9):1551-1588. (Sept 2008).
Ephesite (TL)
Formula: NaLiAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Smith J L (1851) Memoir on Emery - Second Part - On the minerals associated with emery: corundum, hydrargillite, diaspore, zinc spinel, pholerite, ephesite (a new species), emerylite (a new species), muscovite, chloritoid (a new variety), black tourmaline, chlorite, magnetic oxyd of iron, oligiste iron, hydrated oxyd of iron, iron pyrites, rutile, ilmenite and titaniferous iron, American Journal of Science, 11, 53-66; Schaller, W. T., Carron, M. K., Fleischer, M. (1967): Ephesite, Na(LiAl2)(Al2Si2)O10(OH)2, a trioctahedral member of the margarite group, and related brittle micas, American Mineralogist, 52, 1689-1696. [http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM52/AM52_1689.pdf]; Contr. Min. Pet. 85 (1984), 74;
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Adam Stephens
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1989)84:788-798
'Erionite'
Formula: M2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1989)84:788-798; Helvaci, C., Stamatakis, M. G., Zagouroglou, C., & Kanaris, J. (1993). Borate minerals and related authigenic silicates in northeastern Mediterranean Late Miocene continental basins. Exploration and Mining Geology, 2(2), 171-178.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Falkmanite
Formula: Pb3Sb2S6
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Di Pierro, S., Gnos, E., Grobety, B.H., Armbruster, T., Bernasconi, S.M., and Ulmer, P. (2003) Rock-forming moissanite (natural alpha-silicon carbide). American Mineralogist: 88: 1817-1821.
Feinglosite
Formula: Pb2Zn(AsO4)2 · H2O
Description: see: https://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,9,14309,217139#msg-217139 and especially the comment by Branko Rieck for clarification. Various "Feinglosite"-specimens that came to the market were analysed subsequently [J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.] All turned out to be chenevixite.
Reference: RIECK, B. (1999): Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Laurion. - Lapis 24 (7-8), 68-76; J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Yigit, O. (2012). A prospective sector in the Tethyan Metallogenic Belt: Geology and geochronology of mineral deposits in the Biga Peninsula, NW Turkey. Ore Geology Reviews, 46, 118-148.
Feroxyhyte
Formula: Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1985): Neue Schlackenmineralien von Lavrion. Lapis, 10 (5), 13-16; 50.
Ferrarisite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe3+0.67Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: locality description
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Fleischer M (1973) Translation of “Chukhrov F V, Zvyagin B B, Gorshkov A I, Yermilova L P, Balashova V V (1973) Ferrihydrite, Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR 1973, 23-33”. International Geology Review 16, 1131-1143
Ferrilotharmeyerite
Formula: CaZnFe3+(AsO4)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Branko Rieck Collection; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ferrinatrite
Formula: Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2Fe2+5(Si8O22)OH2
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.
Ferroaluminoceladonite
Formula: K(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Ferrocarpholite
Formula: Fe2+Al2Si2O6(OH)4
Reference: Theye, T., Seidel, E., Vidal, O. (1992) Carpholite, sudoite, and chloritoid in low-grade high-pressure metapelites from Crete and the Peloponnese, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy: 4(3): 487–507.
Ferro-glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Hoffman, C. & Keller, J. (1979): Xenoliths of lawsonite-ferroglaucophane rocks from a Quaternary volcano of Milos (Aegean Sea, Greece). Lithos, 12, 209-219.
Ferrohexahydrite
Formula: FeSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Fiedlerite (TL)
Formula: Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 69; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Fizélyite
Formula: Ag5Pb14Sb21S48
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: NHM Vienna collection (SEM-EDS-analysed)
Fluorapatite var. Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: NHM Vienna collection (SEM-EDS-analysed); Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Fluor-dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Reference: Tony Nikischer
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Branko Rieck, Uwe Kolitsch and other collections
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Garuti, G., Zaccarini, F., and Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 312-319.
Fougèrite
Formula: Fe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Reference: Laurion The minerals in the ancient slags by Piet Gelade etc.Ko Jansen.
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8, (1999)
Franklinite
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Kilias, S.P.; Ivarsson, M.; Fru, E.C.; Rattray, J.E.; Gustafsson, H.; Naden, J.; Detsi, K. (2020) Precipitation of Mn Oxides in Quaternary Microbially Induced Sedimentary Structures (MISS), Cape Vani Paleo-Hydrothermal Vent Field, Milos, Greece. Minerals 2020, 10, 536.
Freedite
Formula: Cu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Reference: No reference listed
'Freibergite Subgroup'
Formula: ([Ag6]4+,((Cu,Ag)4 C2+2)Sb4S12S0-1
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: http://biomine.brgm.fr/Documents/4BioMinEProducts/Deliverable/DI3_WP1_Resource%20identification_v061031.pdf
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. Poster, MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Friedel's Salt'
Formula: 3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Fülöppite
Formula: Pb3Sb8S15
Reference: Branko Rieck collection
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: American Mineralogist (2003) 88, 789-805
Gaitite
Formula: Ca2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 59 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; A. P. Fornadel, P. Ch. Voudouris, P. G. Spry, V. Melfos (2012): Mineralogical, stable isotope, and fluid inclusion studies of spatially related porphyry Cu and epithermal Au-Te mineralization, Fakos Peninsula, Limnos Island, Greece. Mineral. Petrol. 105, 85-111.; Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Galena var. Silver-bearing Galena
Formula: PbS with Ag
Reference: Kevrekidis, Elias; Seymour, Karen St.; Tombros, Stylianos; Zhai, Degao; Liu, Jiajun; Zouzias, Dimitrios (2015): The Agios Georgios argentiferous galena deposit on Antiparos Island, Cyclades, Hellas and its relationship to the Paros leucogranite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 192, 239-261.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: L. Rantos collection
Gartrellite
Formula: PbCuFe3+(AsO4)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Lapis No.7/8 1999 p.70-74
Gaspéite
Formula: NiCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Reference: Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.; GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1991): Neue Funde aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 16 (6), 21-23; 58.
Geminite
Formula: Cu2+(AsO3OH) · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Reference: http://biomine.brgm.fr/Documents/4BioMinEProducts/Deliverable/DI3_WP1_Resource%20identification_v061031.pdf
Georgeite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Solomos C., Voudouris P., Katerinopoulos A. (2004) Mineralogical studies of a bismuth-gold-antimony mineralization in Kamariza Lavrion. Bull Geol Soc Greece 36: 387-396.
Georgiadèsite (TL)
Formula: Pb4(AsO3)Cl4(OH)
Reference: Lacroix, A. & De Schulten, A. (1908): Note sur des minéraux plombifères des scories athéniennes du Laurion. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 31, 79-90 (in French).; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 792; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Reference: No reference listed
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Pantó, G. & Maksimović, Z. (2001): Two new rare earth minerals in an unusual mineralization of the Nissi bauxite deposit, Greece. Acta Geologica Hungarica 44, 81-93.
Gilalite
Formula: Cu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1991): Neue Funde aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 16 (6), 21-23; 58.
Giorgiosite (TL)
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: NJMM (1975), 196; Lacroix A (1905) Sur un nouveau minéral, la giorgiosite. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie 28, 198-200
'Glass'
Reference: KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Glaucocerinite (TL)
Formula: (Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Habit: masses, encrustations
Colour: light blue
Reference: Centralbl.Min.,Abt. A (1932) p. 13-17
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Jordi Fabre
Glaukosphaerite
Formula: (Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: A. P. Fornadel, P. Ch. Voudouris, P. G. Spry, V. Melfos (2012): Mineralogical, stable isotope, and fluid inclusion studies of spatially related porphyry Cu and epithermal Au-Te mineralization, Fakos Peninsula, Limnos Island, Greece. Mineral. Petrol. 105, 85-111.
Gold var. Electrum
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Goldfieldite
Formula: (Cu42)(Cu4Cu+2)Te4S12S
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.; Tombros, S., Seymour, K.St., Spry, P.G. (2004): Description and conditions of formation of new unnamed Ag-Cu and Ag-Cu-Au sulfotellurides in epithermal polymetallic Ag-Au-Te mineralization, Tinos Island, Hellas. N. Jb. Mineral. Abh.: 179: 295–310; in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Roberts, A.C. (2004): New mineral names. Am. Min.: 89: 1578
Goldichite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Gordaite
Formula: NaZn4(SO4)(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German); Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Gröbner, J. (2003): Hervorragender Neufund: Niedermayrit aus dem Revier Villia bei Lavrion. Lapis, 28 (5), 32-34.
Goudeyite
Formula: AlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Gramaccioliite-(Y)
Formula: (Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
Reference: Theye, T., Hatert, F., Ockenga, E., Bertoldi, C., Lathe, C. (2010): Gramaccioliite-(Y): paragenesis chemistry, and structure in a new occurrence, Samos Island, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22, 443-452.
Grandreefite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)F2
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Grandviewite
Formula: Cu3Al9(SO4)2(OH)29
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Grantsite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2+x(V5+,V4+)6O16 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Theye, T., Seidel, E., Vidal, O. (1992) Carpholite, sudoite, and chloritoid in low-grade high-pressure metapelites from Crete and the Peloponnese, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy: 4(3): 487–507.
Graulichite-(Ce)
Formula: CeFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Tombros, Stylianos; St. Seymour, Karen; Spry, Paul G.; Williams-Jones, Anthony (2005) Greenockite and zincian greenockite in epithermal polymetallic Ag–Au–Te mineralization, Tinos Island, Hellas: Description and conditions of formation. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, Volume 182, Number 1, November 2005 , pp. 1-9(9); Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Guérinite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Gypsum var. Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Haidingerite
Formula: CaHAsO4 · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Pantó, G. & Maksimović, Z. (2001): Two new rare earth minerals in an unusual mineralization of the Nissi bauxite deposit, Greece. Acta Geologica Hungarica 44, 81-93.
'Halloysite var. Chrome-Halloysite'
Reference: No reference listed
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Halloysite-7Å
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2); Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Branko Rieck collection and PXRD-analysis
Haxonite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)23C6
Description: As carbide roses inside plessite
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Gauthier, G. & Albandakis, N. (1991): Minerals of the Seriphos Skarn, Greece. Mineralogical Record 22 (4), 303-308
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Hedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018) Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt, 29(5), 32-77 (in German). [Photo on p. 72 (analysed sample)]
'Hedyphane-Mimetite Series'
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (SEM-EDS analyses)
Heinrichite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999c): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Helmutwinklerite
Formula: PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Lapis No.7/8 1999 p.70-74
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Hematite var. Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Yigit, O. (2012). A prospective sector in the Tethyan Metallogenic Belt: Geology and geochronology of mineral deposits in the Biga Peninsula, NW Turkey. Ore Geology Reviews, 46, 118-148.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Branko Rieck collection
Herbertsmithite
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Reference: W. Krause, H.-J. Bernhardt, R. S. W. Braithwaite, U. Kolitsch and R. Pritchard (2006): Kapellasite, Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2, a new mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 331-342; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; A. P. Fornadel, P. Ch. Voudouris, P. G. Spry, V. Melfos (2012): Mineralogical, stable isotope, and fluid inclusion studies of spatially related porphyry Cu and epithermal Au-Te mineralization, Fakos Peninsula, Limnos Island, Greece. Mineral. Petrol. 105, 85-111.; Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hetaerolite var. Hydrohetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2001): Wallkilldellit und weitere acht Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis 26 (11), 43.; Fritz Schreiber Collection; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Heteromorphite
Formula: Pb7Sb8S19
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Hilarionite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)(AsO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Rusakov, V.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A. and Magganas, A. (2012) Hilarionite, IMA 2011-089. CNMNC Newsletter No. 12, February 2012, page 154; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 151-155; Pekov, I.V., Chukanov ,N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Rusakov, V.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Vuduris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopolus, A. (2013): Hilarionite, Fe3+2(SO4)(AsO4)(OH)•6H2O, a new hypergene mineral from Laurion, Greece. Zapiski RMO, 142(5), 30-42.
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Hohmannite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2001): Wallkilldellit und weitere acht Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis 26 (11), 43.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Katerinopoulos, A. & Zissimopoulou, E. (1994): New mineral occurences from the Laurium mines. Mineralogical Record, 25, 279-280.
'Hollandite Supergroup'
Formula: A2+[M4+6M3+2]O16
Reference: Ivarsson, M., Kilias, S. P., Broman, C., Naden, J., & Detsi, K. (2010). Fossilized microorganisms preserved as fluid inclusions in epithermal veins, Vani Mn-Ba deposit, Milos Island, Greece.
Honessite
Formula: (Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Reference: Branko Rieck collection
'Hornblende'
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Horsfordite' ?
Formula: Cu, Sb
Reference: Dana, 7th. Ed.,7TH,V.1,173(1944)
Huemulite
Formula: Na4Mg(V10O28) · 24H2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber (identification method not given); Stephan Wolfsried collection; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Humboldtine
Formula: Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Hydrocalumite
Formula: Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Hydrohonessite
Formula: (Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Reference: Branko Rieck collection
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Gröbner, J. und Kolitsch, U. (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Hydrowoodwardite
Formula: (Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Reference: Rieck, B. (1999): Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis 24 (7-8), 68-76; 90.
Hydroxycalcioroméite ?
Formula: (Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)'
Formula: (La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Reference: Pantó, G. and Maksimović, Z. (2001) Two new rare earth minerals in an unusual mineralization of the Nissi bauxite deposit, Greece. Acta Geologica Hungarica: 44(1): 81-93.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: Nd(CO3)(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Pantó, G. and Maksimović, Z. (2001) Two new rare earth minerals in an unusual mineralization of the Nissi bauxite deposit, Greece. Acta Geologica Hungarica: 44(1): 81-93.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Branko Rieck collection
Ianthinite
Formula: U4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Description: Inclusions in hematite.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 527-537.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Christos Spiromitros specimens
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Reference: Kilias, S.P., Naden, J., Cheliotis, I., Shepherd, T.J., Constandinidou, H., Crossing, J., and Simos, I. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 32-44.
Irhtemite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Iron var. Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Kilias, S.P.; Ivarsson, M.; Fru, E.C.; Rattray, J.E.; Gustafsson, H.; Naden, J.; Detsi, K. (2020) Precipitation of Mn Oxides in Quaternary Microbially Induced Sedimentary Structures (MISS), Cape Vani Paleo-Hydrothermal Vent Field, Milos, Greece. Minerals 2020, 10, 536.
Jadeite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Tony Nikischer
Jadeite var. Chloromelanite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Description: In blueschists.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 619-634.
Jamesite
Formula: Pb2Zn(Fe2+,Zn)2Fe3+4(AsO4)4(OH)10
Reference: Lapis No.7/8 1999 p.70-74
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
Johannite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Jonassonite
Formula: AuBi5S4
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Kaatialaite
Formula: Fe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Kamarizaite
Formula: Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 3H2O
Reference: LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
Kaňkite
Formula: FeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
Reference: Jason B. Smith.
Kanonaite
Formula: Mn3+Al(SiO4)O
Reference: Tony Nikischer
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
'Kaolinite Subgroup'
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch
Kapellasite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Type Locality:
Reference: W. Krause, H.-J. Bernhardt, R. S. W. Braithwaite, U. Kolitsch and R. Pritchard (2006): Kapellasite, Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2, a new mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 329-340.
Katerinopoulosite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2Zn(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Britvin, S.N., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A. and Stergiou, V. (2017) Katerinopoulosite, IMA 2017-004. CNMNC Newsletter No. 37, June 2017, page 739; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 737–742; Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Britvin, S.N., Stergiou, V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A. (2018) Katerinopoulosite, (NH4)2Zn(SO4)2·6H2O, a new mineral from the Esperanza mine, Lavrion, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy: 30: 821-826.; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Katsarosite (TL)
Formula: Zn(C2O4) · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Rieck, B., Giester, G., Lengauer, C., and Nasdala, L.: Katsarosite, IMA 2020-014, in: CNMNC Newsletter 57, Eur. J. Mineral., 32, https://doi.org/10.5194/ejm-32-495-2020, 2020.
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Kettnerite
Formula: CaBiCO3OF
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Keyite
Formula: Cu2+3Zn4Cd2(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
'K Feldspar var. Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Economic Geology; September-October 2010; v. 105; no. 6; p. 1097-1111
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Kochsándorite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Koritnigite
Formula: Zn(HAsO4) · H2O
Reference: Lapis No.7/8 1999 p.70-74
Kornelite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
Reference: Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Kostovite
Formula: CuAuTe4
Reference: Ref.: Bernard, H. & Hyrsl, J., Minerals and Their Localities, 2004; Bonev, I.K.; Petrunov, R.; Cook, N. J.; Ciobanu, C. L. (2005): Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology. 42, 1-22
Köttigite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Kovdorskite
Formula: Mg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Krausite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Reference: Dr. A. Godelitsas collection and analysis; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Reference: Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Kröhnkite
Formula: Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Ktenasite (TL)
Formula: ZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Kyrgyzstanite
Formula: ZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti collection [S. Möckel 2010 - EDX+PXRD]; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Lahnsteinite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Branko Rieck collection
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Langisite
Formula: CoAs
Reference: Tombros, S.F. (2008): Later stages of evolution of an epithermal system: Au-Ag mineralization at Apigania Bay, Tinos, Island, Cyclades, Hellas, Greece. Min.Pet. (in press)
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Gröbner, J. (2003): Hervorragender Neufund: Niedermayrit aus dem Revier Villia bei Lavrion. Lapis, 28 (5), 32-34.
Lansfordite
Formula: MgCO3 · 5H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Laurelite
Formula: Pb7F12Cl2
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Lautenthalite
Formula: PbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Gröbner, J. (2003): Hervorragender Neufund: Niedermayrit aus dem Revier Villia bei Lavrion. Lapis, 28 (5), 32-34.
Lawsonite
Formula: CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Van King
Lawsonite var. Chromium-bearing Lawsonite ?
Formula: Ca(Al,Cr)2[Si2O7](OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Jordi Fabre
Lazaridisite (TL)
Formula: 3CdSO4 · 8H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. and Giester, G. (2012) Lazaridisite, IMA 2012-043. CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1287; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German). Rieck, B., Lengauer, C.L., Giester, G. (2019): Voudourisite, Cd(SO4)·H2O, and lazaridisite, Cd3(SO4)3·8H2O, two new minerals from the Lavrion Mining District, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine, 83, 551-559.
Lead
Formula: Pb
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: M. Grossou-Valta, K. Adam, D. C. Constantinides, J. M. Prevosteau, E. Dimou (1990): Mineralogy of and potential beneficiation process for the Molai complex sulphide orebody, Greece. In: P. M. J. Gray, G. J. Bowyer, J. F. Castle, D. J. Vaughan, N. A. Warner (Eds.): Sulphide deposits — their origin and processing, 1990, The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 119-133.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Legrandite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Leightonite
Formula: K2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Lemanskiite
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Kilias, S.P., Naden, J., Cheliotis, I., Shepherd, T.J., Constandinidou, H., Crossing, J., and Simos, I. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 32-44.
'Leucoxene'
Description: Inclusions in Na-amphiboles (replacement of igneous titanoaugites).
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 527-537.
Liebenbergite
Formula: Ni2SiO4
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Reference: Skarpelis, N. (2007). The Lavrion deposit (SE Attica, Greece): geology, mineralogy and minor elements chemistry. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(3), 227-249.
'Limonite'
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Reference: A. P. Fornadel, P. Ch. Voudouris, P. G. Spry, V. Melfos (2012): Mineralogical, stable isotope, and fluid inclusion studies of spatially related porphyry Cu and epithermal Au-Te mineralization, Fakos Peninsula, Limnos Island, Greece. Mineral. Petrol. 105, 85-111.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Lindqvistite
Formula: Pb2Mn2+Fe16O27
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Reference: Pantó, G. & Maksimović, Z. (2001): Two new rare earth minerals in an unusual mineralization of the Nissi bauxite deposit, Greece. Acta Geologica Hungarica 44, 81-93.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: No reference listed
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110; P. Voudouris (2005) Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge 2005, pp 1089-1092; Voudouris, P. (2005). Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. In Mineral deposit research: meeting the global challenge (pp. 1089-1092). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
'Lorettoite'
Formula: Pb7O6Cl2
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.
Lotharmeyerite
Formula: CaZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Ludjibaite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Description: Most (probably all) ludjibaite samples that came to the market after the description of Hanke (1995) were found to be conichalcite. As described by Wendel and Markl (1999) only one confirmed occurence is reported, in which ludjibaite had formed as the result of bird dung reacting with copper bearing species. HANKE, H. (1995): Neue Mineralfunde aus den attischen Bergwerken bei Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralienwelt 6/6, 62-72 (in German) WENDEL, W. and MARKL G.(1999), Lavrion: Mineralogiesche Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24/7 34-52 (in German)
Reference: No reference listed
Ludlamite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Ludlockite
Formula: PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Steve Rust collection
Lukrahnite
Formula: CaCuFe3+(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Macphersonite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1985): Neue Schlackenmineralien von Lavrion. Lapis, 10 (5), 13-16; 50.
Magnesiocarpholite
Formula: MgAl2Si2O6(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Viswanathan, K., & Seidel, E. (1979). Crystal chemistry of Fe-Mg-carpholites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 70(1), 41-47.
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Reference: Di Pierro, S., Gnos, E., Grobety, B.H., Armbruster, T., Bernasconi, S.M., and Ulmer, P. (2003) Rock-forming moissanite (natural alpha-silicon carbide). American Mineralogist: 88: 1817-1821.
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Habit: platy
Description: ID by SXRD by Gerald GIESTER (University of Vienna), SEM-EDS and Raman by Branko Rieck.
Reference: Branko Rieck Collection
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Reference: Garuti, G., Zaccarini, F., and Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 312-319.
Magnesiokoritnigite
Formula: Mg(AsO3OH) · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Schreiber, F. & Hammer, V.M.F. (2007): Lavrion 2003-2007: Es hat sich einiges getan! Neufunde - Nachsuche - Archäologie. Lapis 32 (4), 32-38; 50.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Magnetite var. Mushketovite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Gerhard Brandstetter collection
Magnetite var. Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Robert, U., Foden, J., & Varne, R. (1992). The Dodecanese Province, SE Aegean: a model for tectonic control on potassic magmatism. Lithos, 28(3-6), 241-260. Burri, C., Tartar, Y., & Weibel, M. (1967). Zur Kenntnis der jungen Vulkanite der Halbinsel Bodrum. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt, 47, 833-854.
Magnetoplumbite
Formula: (Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Mahnertite
Formula: NaCu3(AsO4)2Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Lapis No.7/8 1999 p.70-74
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Reference: Branko Rieck collection
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold
Mammothite
Formula: Pb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
'Manganese'
Formula: Mn
Reference: KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
'Manganese Oxides var. Manganese Dendrites'
Reference: Rottenmanner, G. (2010): Baryt, Fluorit und Calcit aus Serifos. Der Steirische Mineralog, H. 24, 41-46.
Manganiandrosite-(La) (TL)
Formula: {Mn2+La}{Mn3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Bonazzi P., Menchetti S., Reinecke T., 1996. Solid solution between piemontite and androsite-(La), a new mineral of the epidote group from Andros Island, Greece. Amer. Miner., 81: 735-742.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Oyman, T., Minareci, F., and Pişkin, Ö. (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 35-53.
Manjiroite
Formula: Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Kilias, S.P.; Ivarsson, M.; Fru, E.C.; Rattray, J.E.; Gustafsson, H.; Naden, J.; Detsi, K. (2020) Precipitation of Mn Oxides in Quaternary Microbially Induced Sedimentary Structures (MISS), Cape Vani Paleo-Hydrothermal Vent Field, Milos, Greece. Minerals 2020, 10, 536.
Mansfieldite
Formula: AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Mapimite
Formula: Zn2Fe3+3(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 10H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.gfz-potsdam.de/pb4/pg1/people/feenstraabstracts/feen-abs4.html
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. Poster, MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.
Marrite
Formula: AgPbAsS3
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: No reference listed
Matlockite
Formula: PbFCl
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Mawbyite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Lapis No.7/8 1999 p.70-74; GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
Mawsonite
Formula: Cu6Fe2SnS8
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Mcnearite
Formula: NaCa5(AsO4)(HAsO4)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Meixnerite
Formula: Mg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2).
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Mendipite
Formula: Pb3Cl2O2
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Reference: Meteoritical Society 72nd meeting, 5294(2009)
Mereiterite (TL)
Formula: K2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Giester, G. and Rieck, B. (1995) Mereiterite, K2Fe[SO4]2•4H2O, a new leonite-type mineral from the Lavrion mining district, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy 7, 559-566.; Mineralogical Record 27: 304.
Metahohmannite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Metamunirite
Formula: NaVO3
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Metasideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection (Uwe Kolitsch; SXRD-analysed)
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
'Meteoritic Iron'
Description: Fe-Ni metal in the H5 clasts are Ni-rich.
Reference: Weisberg et al. (2008) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 94, September 2008. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43(9):1551-1588. (Sept 2008).
Meyerhofferite
Formula: Ca2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Reference: Branko Rieck Collection, see http://www.mindat.org/photo-359616.html
'Mica Group'
Reference: L. Rantos collection
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: No reference listed
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Millosevichite
Formula: (Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.; Fritz Schreiber collection
'Mimetite-M'
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8, (1999)
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Minohlite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 8H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Heymann, J. (1982): Al-Adamin. LAPIS 7 (3), 26-28.
Moissanite
Formula: SiC
Habit: Platey hexagonal crystals to 1.5mm.
Colour: colourless, blue, black, greenish yellow, pinkish
Reference: Di Pierro, S., Gnos, E., Grobety, B.H., Armbruster, T., Bernasconi, S.M., and Ulmer, P. (2003) Rock-forming moissanite (natural alpha-silicon carbide). American Mineralogist: 88: 1817-1821.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; A. P. Fornadel, P. Ch. Voudouris, P. G. Spry, V. Melfos (2012): Mineralogical, stable isotope, and fluid inclusion studies of spatially related porphyry Cu and epithermal Au-Te mineralization, Fakos Peninsula, Limnos Island, Greece. Mineral. Petrol. 105, 85-111.
'Monazite'
Formula: (REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
Description: Scattered tiny inclusions of monazite-(Ce)... verified in thin section by EPMA.
Reference: Frank Mazdab collection (hand sample + thin section)
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Maksimović, Z. and Pantó, G. (1978): Minerals of the rare-earth elements in karstic bauxites: synchisite-(Nd), a new mineral from the Grebnik deposit. Proc. 4th International Congress for the study of bauxites, alumina, and aluminum, Athens, 540-553. [includes description of bastnäsite-(La) from Marmara deposit]
Monazite-(Nd)
Formula: Nd(PO4)
Description: Monazite-(Nd) occurs as fine-grained pore fillings and fissure fillings in brindleyite.
Reference: Bull. Acad. Serbe Sci. Art,72, #20, 35-42
Monteponite
Formula: CdO
Reference: Giester, G., Rieck, B. and Brandstätter, F. (1998): Niedermayrite, Cu4Cd(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O, a new mineral from the Lavrion Mining District, Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 63, 19-34. [locality given as "km 3"]; Rieck, B. (1999): Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis 24 (7-8), 68-76; 90.
Montetrisaite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Kilias, S.P., Naden, J., Cheliotis, I., Shepherd, T.J., Constandinidou, H., Crossing, J., and Simos, I. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 32-44.
Mooihoekite
Formula: Cu9Fe9S16
Reference: Möckel, S. (2001): Wallkilldellit und weitere acht Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis 26 (11), 43.
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Reference: Godelitsas, A.; Gamaletsos, P.& Roussos-Kotsis, M.(2010): Mordenite-bearing tuffs from Prassa quarry, Kimolos island, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy. 22, 797-811
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Description: Occurs as inclusions in aragonite.
Reference: Rieck, B. (1999) Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 24(7-8), 68-76; 90 (in German). J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Murdochite
Formula: PbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8, (1999)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Muscovite var. Alurgite
Formula: K(Al,Mn3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Reinecke, T. (1986): Crystal chemistry and reaction relations of piemontites and thulites from highly oxidized low grade metamorphic rocks at Vitali, Andros Island, Greece. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 56-76.
Muscovite var. Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (unpubl. SEM-EDS results)
Muscovite var. Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.min.tu-clausthal.de/www/sga/news15/art10.html
Muscovite var. Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 487-507.
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Nakauriite
Formula: Cu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
Description: Nakauriite from this locality contains up to 25% Mg for substituting Cu (analysis Branko Rieck).
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Namuwite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Nantokite
Formula: CuCl
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection (analysed by U. Kolitsch)
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
Natrochalcite
Formula: NaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Natroglaucocerinite (TL)
Formula: Zn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (unpublished SEM-EDS analyses)
Natropharmacoalumite
Formula: NaAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Natropharmacosiderite
Formula: (Na,K)Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Nealite (TL)
Formula: Pb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Min.Rec.(1980) 11, 299-301; Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1981): Neufunde von Mineralen aus den antiken Bleischlacken Laurions. Der Aufschluss, 32, 165-169.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Robert, U., Foden, J., & Varne, R. (1992). The Dodecanese Province, SE Aegean: a model for tectonic control on potassic magmatism. Lithos, 28(3-6), 241-260. Burri, C., Tartar, Y., & Weibel, M. (1967). Zur Kenntnis der jungen Vulkanite der Halbinsel Bodrum. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt, 47, 833-854.
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: No reference listed
Nesquehonite
Formula: MgCO3 · 3H2O
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371. ; Giester, G; Lengauer, CL; Rieck, B: The crystal structure of nesquehonite, MgCO3•3H2O, from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 70 (2000), 153-163; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Nickelaustinite
Formula: CaNi(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1999): Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 34-52.
Nickelblödite
Formula: Na2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Description: Purchased at Minerant (mineral show of the MKA) 2016 form unknown dealer. Re-analysis by Uwe Kolitsch (PXRD) showed it to be a member of the pyromorphite-mimetite series (EDS analysis planned).
Reference: Erik Vercammen collection (purchased; re-analysis showed that ID was wrong)
Nickelboussingaultite
Formula: (NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Nickelhexahydrite
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Description: As dehydration product of morenosite; turns to powdery retgersite.
Reference: Rieck, B. (1999) Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 24(7-8), 68-76; 90 (in German).
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nickellotharmeyerite
Formula: CaNi2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: LAPIS 2010 7/8, 14 (Kristalldruse ad); Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German); Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Varlamov, D.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A., Magganas, A. (2016): Nickeltsumcorite, Pb(Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(H2O,OH)2, a new tsumcorite-group mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine (in press)
Nickeltsumcorite (TL)
Formula: Pb(Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(H2O,OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Varlamov, D.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A. and Magganas, A. (2014) Nickeltsumcorite, IMA 2013-117. CNMNC Newsletter No. 19, February 2014, page 170; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 165-170; Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Varlamov, D.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A., Magganas, A. (2016): Nickeltsumcorite, Pb(Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(H2O,OH)2, a new tsumcorite-group mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine (in press); Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Niedermayrite (TL)
Formula: CdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Giester, G., Rieck, B., and Brandstätter, F. (1998) Niedermayrite, Cu4Cd(SO4)2(OH)6•4H2O, a new mineral from the Lavrion Mining District, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology: 63: 19-34.; Hanke, H. and Jahn, S. (1998) Niedermayrit. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (5), 12.; Hanke, H. (1998) Niedermayrit, Cu4Cd(SO4)2(OH)6•4H2O, ein neues Mineral aus dem Bergbaugebiet Laurion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (5), 13; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Niter
Formula: KNO3
Reference: Helvaci, C., Stamatakis, M. G., Zagouroglou, C., & Kanaris, J. (1993). Borate minerals and related authigenic silicates in northeastern Mediterranean Late Miocene continental basins. Exploration and Mining Geology, 2(2), 171-178.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: No reference listed
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Nováčekite-II
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Nuffieldite
Formula: Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Reference: P. Voudouris (2005) Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge 2005, pp 1089-1092; Voudouris, P. (2005). Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. In Mineral deposit research: meeting the global challenge (pp. 1089-1092). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Nuffieldite var. Argentonuffieldite
Formula: (Ag,Cu)1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Reference: Voudouris, P. (2005). Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. In Mineral deposit research: meeting the global challenge (pp. 1089-1092). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Nybøite
Formula: NaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Description: This mineral entry was based on a dealer label. The dealer used as reference based the identification on a pre-existing label from other sources. No analyses and no literature references has been found to indicate that nybøite is actually present at this locality, despite having the subduction sone geology required for this mineral to form.
Ojuelaite
Formula: ZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: ko jansen
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 619-634.
Omsite
Formula: Ni2Fe3+(OH)6[Sb(OH)6]
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ondrušite
Formula: CaCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
Opal var. Fire Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Habit: to 10cm
Colour: red and dark or light orange and rarely yellowish, greenish, beige and white
Reference: KARACIK, ZEKİYE; GENÇ, S. CAN; ESENLİ, FAHRİ; GÖLLER, GÜLTEKIN. (2011) he Gümüldür Fire Opal: Mode of Occurrence and Mineralogical Aspects. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences. Jan/Feb2011, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p99-114.
Opal var. Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Christophos
Opal var. Opal-CT
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Godelitsas, A.; Gamaletsos, P.& Roussos-Kotsis, M.(2010): Mordenite-bearing tuffs from Prassa quarry, Kimolos island, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy. 22, 797-811
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Kilias, S. P., Nomikou, P., Papanikolaou, D., Polymenakou, P. N., Godelitsas, A., Argyraki, A., ... & Goettlicher, J. (2013). New insights into hydrothermal vent processes in the unique shallow-submarine arc-volcano, Kolumbo (Santorini), Greece. Scientific reports, 3, 2421.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Description: Al-rich.
Reference: Di Pierro, S., Gnos, E., Grobety, B.H., Armbruster, T., Bernasconi, S.M., and Ulmer, P. (2003) Rock-forming moissanite (natural alpha-silicon carbide). American Mineralogist: 88: 1817-1821.
Orthoserpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Osakaite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 5H2O
Reference: Branko Rieck Collection
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rieck, B. (1999): Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis 24 (7-8), 68-76; 90.
Otavite
Formula: CdCO3
Reference: Giester, G., Rieck, B. and Brandstätter, F. (1998): Niedermayrite, Cu4Cd(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O, a new mineral from the Lavrion Mining District, Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 63, 19-34. [locality given as "km 3"]; Rieck, B. (1999): Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis 24 (7-8), 68-76; 90.
Oxyplumboroméite
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Horst Schabereiter, Branko Rieck and other collections
Pääkkönenite
Formula: Sb2AsS2
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Parabutlerite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection
Paracoquimbite
Formula: Fe4(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Paradamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Description: The occurence of paradamite was questioned without any real evidence (see https://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,105,184543,192510#msg-192510). The ID is now firmly established with Raman, SEM-WDS and SXRD.
Reference: Lapis No.7/8 1999 p.70-74 Mineralienwelt 5/2018 p.75
Parádsasvárite
Formula: Zn2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 487-507.
Paralaurionite (TL)
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Smith, G. F. H. (1899): On some lead minerals from Laurium, namely, laurionite, phosgenite, fiedlerite, and (new species) paralaurionite. Mineralogical Magazine, 12, 102-110.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 65; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion (1996): The Minerals in the Ancient Slags.; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Paramelaconite
Formula: Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Reference: No reference listed
Pararealgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Parascorodite
Formula: FeAsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Alfieris, D., & Voudouris, P. (2005). Ore mineralogy of transitional submarine to subaerial magmatic-hydrothermal deposits in W. Milos, Greece. Au-Ag-Te–Se deposits, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43Sofia, 1-6
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Theye, T.; Hatert, F.; Ockenga, E.; Bertoldi, C.; Lathe, C. (2010): Gramaccioliite-(Y): paragenesis chemistry, and structure in a new occurrence, Samos Island, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22, 443-452.
Parnauite
Formula: Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Reference: Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1996): Eine Antimonit-Paragenese und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 21 (11), 40-42; 62; J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Pascoite
Formula: Ca3(V10O28) · 17H2O
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
'Pascoite Group'
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Paulmooreite
Formula: Pb2[As2O5]
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Reference: Panagiotis Voudouris & Paul Spry (2008) Procedings 33 Int Geol Congr Oslo. MRD-09
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Penfieldite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Cl3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Smith, G. F. H. (1899): On some lead minerals from Laurium, namely, laurionite, phosgenite, fiedlerite, and (new species) paralaurionite. Mineralogical Magazine, 12, 102-110.; American Mineralogist (1941): 26: 293; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 67; Cesbron, F. & Schubnel, H. J. (1968): Penfieldite. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 91, 407-408 (in French).; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Pentahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Pentlandite
Formula: (NixFey)Σ9S8
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Percylite'
Description: Later work by the author (Branko Rieck; see ref: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)) showed that the true identity was diaboleite; for details see Kolitsch et al. (2014).
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Perite
Formula: PbBiClO2
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
'Petrified Wood'
Reference: Huber, P.C. (2007): Griechischer Stein ... Der zu Stein gewordene Wald der Insel Lesbos. Mineralien-Welt, 18 (2), 67-72. (in German)
Petrukite
Formula: (Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)3(Sn,In)S4
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V, Spry, P.G., Bonsall, T.A., Tarkian, M. & Solomon, Ch. (2008): Carbonate-replacement Pb-Zn-Ag+-Au mineralization in the Kamariza area, Lavrion, Greece: Mineralogy and thermochemical conditions of formation. Mineralogy & Petrology 94, 85-106.
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; A. P. Fornadel, P. Ch. Voudouris, P. G. Spry, V. Melfos (2012): Mineralogical, stable isotope, and fluid inclusion studies of spatially related porphyry Cu and epithermal Au-Te mineralization, Fakos Peninsula, Limnos Island, Greece. Mineral. Petrol. 105, 85-111.; Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Pharmacoalumite
Formula: KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Dill H.G. et. al., Post-Miocene and Bronze-Age Supergene Cu–Pb Arsenate–Humate–Oxalate–Carbonate Mineralization at Mega Livadi, Serifos, Greece, The Canadian MineralogistVol. 48, pp. 163-181 (2010)
Philipsbornite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Zadov, A.E. (2007): Attikaite, Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4•2H2O, a new mineral species. Geology of Ore Deposits, 49(8), 720-726. [English translation of Russian paper from 2007]
Philipsburgite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
'Phillipsite subgroup'
Reference: Econ Geol (1989)84:788-798; Helvaci, C., Stamatakis, M. G., Zagouroglou, C., & Kanaris, J. (1993). Borate minerals and related authigenic silicates in northeastern Mediterranean Late Miocene continental basins. Exploration and Mining Geology, 2(2), 171-178.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Voudouris, P., Mavrogonatos, C., Graham, I., Giuliani, G., Tarantola, A., Melfos, V., ... & Magganas, A. (2019) Gemstones of Greece: Geology and Crystallizing Environments. Minerals, 9(8), 461.
'Phlogopite-3T'
Reference: Di Pierro, S., Gnos, E., Grobety, B.H., Armbruster, T., Bernasconi, S.M., and Ulmer, P. (2003) Rock-forming moissanite (natural alpha-silicon carbide). American Mineralogist: 88: 1817-1821.
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Phosphohedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Reinecke, T., Tillmanns, E. & Bernhardt, H.-J. (1991): Abswurmbachite, Cu2+Mn3+[O8/SiO4], a new mineral of the braunite group: natural occurrence, synthesis and crystal structure. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen, 163, 117-143.
Pitticite
Formula: (Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Reference: Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
Plagionite
Formula: Pb5Sb8S17
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
'Plessite'
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Plumboagardite
Formula: (Pb,REE,Ca)Cu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Branko Rieck Collection
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Plumbopharmacosiderite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Tombros, S.F. (2008): Later stages of evolution of an epithermal system: Au-Ag mineralization at Apigania Bay, Tinos, Island, Cyclades, Hellas, Greece. Min.Pet. (in press)
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Prachařite (TL)
Formula: CaSb5+2(As3+2O5)2O2 · 10H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Sejkora, J., Topa, D., Kampf, A.R., Plášil, J., Rieck, B. and Fabritz, K.H. (2018) Prachařite, IMA 2018-081. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: xxxx–xxxx.
Preisingerite
Formula: Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Prosopite
Formula: CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx]
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Tombros, S.F. (2008): Later stages of evolution of an epithermal system: Au-Ag mineralization at Apigania Bay, Tinos, Island, Cyclades, Hellas, Greece. Min.Pet. (in press)
Pseudoboleite
Formula: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection (SXRD-analysed by Uwe Kolitsch)
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Hoffman, C. & Keller, J. (1979): Xenoliths of lawsonite-ferroglaucophane rocks from a Quaternary volcano of Milos (Aegean Sea, Greece). Lithos, 12, 209-219.
Pumpellyite-(Al)
Formula: Ca2AlAl2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2O
Reference: Schreiber, F. & Hammer, V.M.F. (2007): Lavrion 2003-2007: Es hat sich einiges getan! Neufunde - Nachsuche - Archäologie. Lapis 32 (4), 32-38; 50.
Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Reference: Lapis 35 (3) (2010) p. 12
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 62 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; A. P. Fornadel, P. Ch. Voudouris, P. G. Spry, V. Melfos (2012): Mineralogical, stable isotope, and fluid inclusion studies of spatially related porphyry Cu and epithermal Au-Te mineralization, Fakos Peninsula, Limnos Island, Greece. Mineral. Petrol. 105, 85-111.; Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8, (1999)
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 487-507.
Pyrostilpnite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: No reference listed
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 107 localities in this region.
Reference: A. P. Fornadel, P. Ch. Voudouris, P. G. Spry, V. Melfos (2012): Mineralogical, stable isotope, and fluid inclusion studies of spatially related porphyry Cu and epithermal Au-Te mineralization, Fakos Peninsula, Limnos Island, Greece. Mineral. Petrol. 105, 85-111.; Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Quartz var. Agate
Reference: Adam Stephens
Quartz var. Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection and field observations; Natural History Museum Vienna collection; Klemme, S. et al. (2018): On the color and genesis of prase (green quartz) and amethyst from the Island of Serifos, Cyclades, Greece. Minerals 8, 487.
Quartz var. Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Kilias, S.P., Naden, J., Cheliotis, I., Shepherd, T.J., Constandinidou, H., Crossing, J., and Simos, I. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 32-44.
Quartz var. Jasper
Reference: Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Quartz var. Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Periferakis, A., Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Mavrogonatos, C., & Alfieris, D. (2017, April). The Stypsi-Megala Therma porphyry-epithermal mineralization, Lesvos Island, Greece: new mineralogical and geochemical data. In EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts (Vol. 19, p. 12950).
Quartz var. Prase
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Christos Spiromitros specimens
Quartz var. Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Quartz var. Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: David Nieto collection
Quartz var. Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lapis, 33 (5), 2008, 36-39.
Quenstedtite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: No reference listed
Ramsbeckite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ramsdellite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Ransomite
Formula: CuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Rapidcreekite
Formula: Ca2(SO4)(CO3) · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Rauenthalite
Formula: Ca3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Kilias, S. P., Nomikou, P., Papanikolaou, D., Polymenakou, P. N., Godelitsas, A., Argyraki, A., ... & Goettlicher, J. (2013). New insights into hydrothermal vent processes in the unique shallow-submarine arc-volcano, Kolumbo (Santorini), Greece. Scientific reports, 3, 2421.
Redgillite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Reevesite
Formula: Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Retgersite
Formula: NiSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Amer.Min.(1996) 81, 735-742
Rhodonite
Formula: CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Reference: Amer.Min.(1996) 81, 735-742
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
Richelsdorfite
Formula: Ca2Cu5Sb(AsO4)4(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Innocenti, F., & Mazzuoli, R. (1972). Petrology of the Izmir-Karaburun volcanic area (West Turkey). Bulletin Volcanologique, 36(1), 83-104.
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
'Roméite Group'
Formula: A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Roméite Group var. Bismutostibiconite' ?
Formula: Bi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Rooseveltite
Formula: Bi(AsO4)
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Roquesite
Formula: CuInS2
Reference: Skarpelis, N. (2007). The Lavrion deposit (SE Attica, Greece): geology, mineralogy and minor elements chemistry. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(3), 227-249.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Rosasite var. Nickel-bearing Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Rosickýite
Formula: S
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Rößlerite
Formula: Mg(HAsO4) · 7H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Rostite
Formula: Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Branko Rieck collection
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 487-507.
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Reference: No reference listed
Sailaufite
Formula: (Ca,Na,◻)2Mn3+3(AsO4)2(CO3)O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Sainfeldite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Sarmientite
Formula: Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
'Scapolite'
Reference: Mposkos, E. (1978): Scapolite of Seriphos and the garnet composition of several garnetites of the island. Deltio tes Hellenikes Geologikes Hetairias 13(2), 34-45.
Schäferite
Formula: (NaCa2)Mg2(VO4)3
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2017): Crystal chemistry of vanadate garnets from old metallurgical slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 194, 19-25.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., and Tzeferis, P. (2018) Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt, 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Smith J L (1851) Memoir on Emery - Second Part - On the minerals associated with emery: corundum, hydrargillite, diaspore, zinc spinel, pholerite, ephesite (a new species), emerylite (a new species), muscovite, chloritoid (a new variety), black tourmaline, chlorite, magnetic oxyd of iron, oligiste iron, hydrated oxyd of iron, iron pyrites, rutile, ilmenite and titaniferous iron, American Journal of Science, 11, 53-66
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection
Schultenite
Formula: Pb(HAsO4)