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Aegean Sea Platei
Regional Level Types
Aegean Sea PlateTectonic Plate

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Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
İzmir2,500,603 (2012)
Athens664,046 (2015)
Karabağlar458,000 (2011)
Manisa243,971 (2015)
Pátra168,034 (2015)
Piraeus163,688 (2015)


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

760 valid minerals. 36 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
Abswurmbachite (TL)
Formula: CuMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Reinecke, T., Tillmanns, E. & Bernhardt, H.-J. (1991): Abswurmbachite, Cu2+Mn3+[O8/SiO4], a new mineral of the braunite group: natural occurrence, synthesis and crystal structure. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen, 163, 117-143.
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Adamite var: Alumino Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Al)2AsO4(OH)
Localities:
Adamite var: Cobaltoan Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Co)AsO4OH
Localities:
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Adamite var: Manganoan Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Mn)2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities:
Adamite var: Nickeloan Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Ni)2AsO4(OH)
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Description: In mica-eclogites.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 619-634.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Agardite'
Agardite-(Ce)
Formula: CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities:
Agardite-(La)
Formula: LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Agardite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Zadov, A.E., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A. and Katerinopoulos, A. (2010) Agardite-(Nd), IMA 2010-056. CNMNC Newsletter No. 7, February 2010, page 30; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 27-31.; Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Zadov, A.E., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2011): Agardite-(Nd), NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6•3H2O from the Hilarion Mine, Lavrion, Greece: mineral description and chemical relations with other members of the agardite-zálesíite solid-solution system. Journal of Geosciences, 56, 249-255.
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Aikinite var: Argentoaikinite
Formula: (Pb,Ag)CuBiS3
Reference: Voudouris, P. & Economou-Eliopoulus, M. (2003): Mineralogy and chemistry of Cu-rich ores from the Kamariza carbonate-hosted deposit (Lavrion), Greece. In: Eliopoulos et al. (Eds.): Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development. Millpress, Rotterdam, 1039-1042.; VOUDOURIS, P. (2005): Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit Attika/Greece. In: Mao, J.W. and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral deposit research: Meeting the global challenge. Springer, Berlin, 1089-1092.
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Alabandite ?
Formula: MnS
Description: Reported in Petrascheck (1977) as a written comm. by Marinos (without any details), but to be considered questionable (Branko Rieck, pers. comm. to Uwe Kolitsch, May 2013).
Reference: Petrascheck, W. E. (1977): Die Metallogenese von Laurium - granitischer Herd oder Paläokarst? Annales Géologiques des Pays Helléniques 28, 17-27 (in German).
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Hanke, H. (1996): Neues aus Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt, 7 (1), 54-56.
Albite var: High Albite
Formula: NaAlSi3O8
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Aldridgeite
Formula: (Cd,Ca)(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Almandine (TL)
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Galoisy, L. (2013). Garnet: From Stone to Star. Elements, 9(6), 453-456.
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Description: In metapelites (schists), associated with titanite (rutile absent).
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 487-507.
Alpersite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Amarantite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
Ammoniojarosite
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Lapis, 33 (5), 2008, 36-39.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1989)84:788-798; Helvaci, C., Stamatakis, M. G., Zagouroglou, C., & Kanaris, J. (1993). Borate minerals and related authigenic silicates in northeastern Mediterranean Late Miocene continental basins. Exploration and Mining Geology, 2(2), 171-178.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Andersonite
Formula: Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
Reference: Branko Rieck Collection; Rieck et al. (to be published); Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Reference: Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: No reference listed
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Annabergite var: Magnesian Annabergite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 749.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Econ Geol (1989)84:788-798
Anthonyite
Formula: Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
'Antimony Ochre'
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aplowite
Formula: (Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Aragonite var: Flos Ferri
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Aragonite var: Plumboan Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Pb)CO3
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1985): Neue Schlackenmineralien von Lavrion. Lapis, 10 (5), 13-16; 50.
Ardennite-(V)
Formula: Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(VO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Reference: Stefan Weiss (2008) Lapis, 33, #2, 8.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Arsendescloizite
Formula: PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Arsenic
Formula: As
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Arsenobismite'
Reference: Katerinopoulos, A. (1996): Bisher nicht bekannte Minerale aus den Lavrion-Bergwerken. Lapis, 21 (11), 39; 62.
Arsenocrandallite
Formula: CaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenogorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenogoyazite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenolamprite
Formula: As
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Arthurite
Formula: CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Arzrunite
Formula: Cu4Pb2(SO4)(OH)4Cl6 · 2H2O (?)
Reference: No reference listed
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Atelestite
Formula: Bi2(AsO4)O(OH)
Attikaite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: N. V. Chukanov, I. V. Pekov and A. E. Zadov (2007) Attikaite, Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 2H2O, a new mineral species Geology of Ore Deposits 49: 720-726
Aubertite
Formula: CuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: vom Rath, G. (1887): Über die Geologie von Attika, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Hymittos und Lavrions. Sitzgsber. d. Naturhist. Ver. d. Rheinl. u. Westf. 44, 77-106.
Auriacusite
Formula: Fe3+Cu2+(AsO4)O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Aurorite
Formula: (Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Austinite var: Cuprian Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Reference: Oyman, T., Minareci, F., and Pişkin, Ö. (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 35-53.
'Axinite-(Mn)-Tinzenite Series'
Reference: Oyman, T., Minareci, F., and Pişkin, Ö. (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 35-53.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Baileychlore
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Description: One specimen was aquired from Kristalldruse (see ad in reference) and checked with EDX and PXRD which confirmed the ID (Rieck 2012 & pers. comm.).
Reference: LAPIS 2010 7/8, p. 14 (Kristalldruse ad); Rieck, B. (2012): Neue Minerale aus dem Lagerstätten-Bezirk Lavrion/Griechenland und den Kalahari Mangan Feldern/Republik Südafrika. PhD Thesis (unpubl.), University of Vienna, 183 pp. (in German); Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Bannermanite
Formula: (Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Reference: Igor Pekov analysis (IR, SXRD, EPMA); Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Barahonaite-(Al)
Formula: (Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Barnesite
Formula: (Na,Ca)V6O16 · 3H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
'Barringtonite' ?
Formula: MgCO3 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Barroisite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Reinecke, T. (1982): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 79, 333-336.
Barstowite
Formula: Pb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Bayerite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Z. Maksimovitch, D.L. Bisch : "Brindleyite, a nickel-rich aluminous serpentinite mineral analogous to berthierine", Amer. Mineralogist, 1978, 63, 484-489"
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Bayleyite
Formula: Mg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Bendadaite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Beudantite-Segnitite Series'
Reference: Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bianchite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Bílinite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Localities:
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Blixite
Formula: Pb2(O,OH)2Cl
Bobkingite
Formula: Cu5Cl2(OH)8 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Boleite
Formula: KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Boltwoodite
Formula: (K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Reference: Michalis Fitros collection (EDS and PXRD analyses); Branko Rieck collection (EDS and SXRD analyses)
Bonattite
Formula: CuSO4 · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Boyleite
Formula: (Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Briartite
Formula: Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Reference: Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999c): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Brindleyite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min. (1978) 63, 484-489
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bukovskýite
Formula: Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
'Calamine'
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 88 localities in this region.
'Calcite Group'
Formula: AXO3
Reference: Höll, R. (1966): Genese und Altersstellung von Vorkommen der Sb-W-Hg-Formation in der Türkei und auf Chios, Griechenland. Abhandlungen der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften - Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse – NF 127, 2-118.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Calumetite
Formula: CaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1981): Neufunde von Mineralen aus den antiken Bleischlacken Laurions. Der Aufschluss, 32, 165-169.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Reference: Tombros, S.F. (2008): Later stages of evolution of an epithermal system: Au-Ag mineralization at Apigania Bay, Tinos, Island, Cyclades, Hellas, Greece. Min.Pet. (in press)
Caracolite
Formula: Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Carlhintzeite
Formula: Ca2[AlF6]F · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Localities:
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Tombros, S.F. (2008): Later stages of evolution of an epithermal system: Au-Ag mineralization at Apigania Bay, Tinos, Island, Cyclades, Hellas, Greece. Min.Pet. (in press)
Cattierite
Formula: CoS2
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 527-537.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Reinecke, T. (1982): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 79, 333-336.
Ceruleite
Formula: Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
'Chabazite'
Reference: Econ Geol (1989)84:788-798; Helvaci, C., Stamatakis, M. G., Zagouroglou, C., & Kanaris, J. (1993). Borate minerals and related authigenic silicates in northeastern Mediterranean Late Miocene continental basins. Exploration and Mining Geology, 2(2), 171-178.
Chadwickite
Formula: (UO2)[HAsO3]
Reference: Michalis Fitros collection (EDS analysis, SXRD planned); Branko Rieck collection (EDS and SXRD analyses)
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999c): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Chamosite-Clinochlore Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Changoite
Formula: Na2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Chenite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Chlorophoenicite
Formula: (Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
Chloroxiphite
Formula: Pb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
Christelite
Formula: Cu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chukhrovite-(Ca)
Formula: Ca4.5Al2(SO4)F13·12H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Claringbullite
Formula: Cu4ClF(OH)6
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
'Clays'
Reference: KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Reference: Chollet Pascal photo
'Clinoptilolite'
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cobaltaustinite
Formula: CaCo(AsO4)(OH)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Cobaltkoritnigite
Formula: (Co,Zn)(HAsO4) · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Colemanite
Formula: Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1989)84:788-798; Helvaci, C., Stamatakis, M. G., Zagouroglou, C., & Kanaris, J. (1993). Borate minerals and related authigenic silicates in northeastern Mediterranean Late Miocene continental basins. Exploration and Mining Geology, 2(2), 171-178.
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: American Mineralogist (2003) 88, 789-805
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Copiapite Group'
Reference: Vik Vanrusselt collection
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
'Copper Sulphides'
Reference: http://biomine.brgm.fr/Documents/4BioMinEProducts/Deliverable/DI3_WP1_Resource%20identification_v061031.pdf
Coquandite
Formula: Sb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (unpubl. SEM-EDS results; to be published in next article on new finds from Lavrion)
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
'Crossite'
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprocopiapite
Formula: CuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Description: Possibly questionable as method(s) of analysis not stated and mineral is described as yellow to beige, "lath-shaped" crystals.
Reference: Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Cyanochroite
Formula: K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Reference: Reinecke, T. (1982): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 79, 333-336.
Dadsonite
Formula: Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Damaraite
Formula: Pb3Cl(OH)O2
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1992): Damarait - ein Mineralneufund aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion/Griechenland. Der Aufschluss, 43, 245-246.
Deerite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
Description: In meta-ironstones, associated with magnetite and crossite.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 619-634.
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Dietrichite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Dimorphite
Formula: As4S3
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Diopside var: Violan
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Reinecke, T. (1982): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 79, 333-336.; Reinecke, T. (1986): Crystal chemistry and reaction relations of piemontites and thulites from highly oxidized low grade metamorphic rocks at Vitali, Andros Island, Greece. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 56-76.
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'
Reference: Baltatzis, E. (1981): Contact metamorphism of a calc-silicate hornfels from Plaka area, Laurium, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, 1981, 481-488.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: No reference listed
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
'Dravite-Schorl Series'
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 487-507.
Drobecite (TL)
Formula: CdSO4 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Giester, G. and Rieck, B. (2010) Drobecite, a novel mineral from the Lavrion, Greece, deposit. 20th General Meeting of IMA (IMA2010) August 21 – 27, 2010, Budapest, Hungary (poster).
Drugmanite
Formula: Pb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Meixner, H. (1978): Fibroferrit von Lavrion. Lapis, 3 (10), 11.; Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767; Hanke, H. (1996): Neues aus Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt, 7 (1), 54-56.
Dussertite
Formula: BaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Dypingite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767.
Dzhalindite
Formula: In(OH)3
Reference: Branko Rieck (1999) Seltene Arsenate aus der Kamariza und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. LAPIS 24:7/8 pp 68-76.
Ecdemite
Formula: Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Edwardsite
Formula: Cu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Weisberg et al. (2008) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 94, September 2008. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43(9):1551-1588. (Sept 2008).
Ephesite (TL)
Formula: LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Smith J L (1851) Memoir on Emery - Second Part - On the minerals associated with emery: corundum, hydrargillite, diaspore, zinc spinel, pholerite, ephesite (a new species), emerylite (a new species), muscovite, chloritoid (a new variety), black tourmaline, chlorite, magnetic oxyd of iron, oligiste iron, hydrated oxyd of iron, iron pyrites, rutile, ilmenite and titaniferous iron, American Journal of Science, 11, 53-66; Schaller, W. T., Carron, M. K., Fleischer, M. (1967): Ephesite, Na(LiAl2)(Al2Si2)O10(OH)2, a trioctahedral member of the margarite group, and related brittle micas, American Mineralogist, 52, 1689-1696. [http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM52/AM52_1689.pdf]; Contr. Min. Pet. 85 (1984), 74;
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Erionite'
Reference: Econ Geol (1989)84:788-798; Helvaci, C., Stamatakis, M. G., Zagouroglou, C., & Kanaris, J. (1993). Borate minerals and related authigenic silicates in northeastern Mediterranean Late Miocene continental basins. Exploration and Mining Geology, 2(2), 171-178.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Euchroite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Falkmanite
Formula: Pb3Sb2S6
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Feinglosite
Formula: Pb2Zn(AsO4)2 · H2O
Feroxyhyte
Formula: Fe3+O(OH)
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Ferrilotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Branko Rieck Collection; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ferrinatrite
Formula: Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferrocarpholite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Ferro-glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Fiedlerite (TL)
Formula: Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 69; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: NHM Vienna collection (SEM-EDS-analysed); Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Fluor-dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Reference: Tony Nikischer
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Fougèrite
Formula: Fe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
Reference: Laurion The minerals in the ancient slags by Piet Gelade etc.Ko Jansen.
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Freedite
Formula: Cu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Freibergite
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. Poster, MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Friedel's Salt'
Formula: 3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Fülöppite
Formula: Pb3Sb8S15
Reference: Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Gaitite
Formula: Ca2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Kevrekidis, Elias; Seymour, Karen St.; Tombros, Stylianos; Zhai, Degao; Liu, Jiajun; Zouzias, Dimitrios (2015): The Agios Georgios argentiferous galena deposit on Antiparos Island, Cyclades, Hellas and its relationship to the Paros leucogranite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 192, 239-261.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gartrellite
Formula: Pb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Gaspéite
Formula: Ni(CO3)
Reference: No reference listed
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1991): Neue Funde aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 16 (6), 21-23; 58.
Geminite
Formula: Cu(HAsO4) · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Georgeite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Solomos C., Voudouris P., Katerinopoulos A. (2004) Mineralogical studies of a bismuth-gold-antimony mineralization in Kamariza Lavrion. Bull Geol Soc Greece 36: 387-396.
Georgiadèsite (TL)
Formula: Pb4(AsO3)Cl4(OH)
Reference: Lacroix, A. & De Schulten, A. (1908): Note sur des minéraux plombifères des scories athéniennes du Laurion. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 31, 79-90 (in French).; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 792; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Reference: No reference listed
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Gilalite
Formula: Cu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1991): Neue Funde aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 16 (6), 21-23; 58.
Giorgiosite (TL)
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: NJMM (1975), 196; Lacroix A (1905) Sur un nouveau minéral, la giorgiosite. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie 28, 198-200
'Glass'
Glaucocerinite (TL)
Formula: (Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Habit: masses, encrustations
Colour: light blue
Reference: Centralbl.Min.,Abt. A (1932) p. 13-17
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Glaukosphaerite ?
Formula: (Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Goldfieldite
Formula: (Cu102)Te4S12S
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Goldichite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Gordaite
Formula: NaZn4(SO4)(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Goudeyite
Formula: AlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Gramaccioliite-(Y)
Formula: (Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
Reference: Theye, T., Hatert, F., Ockenga, E., Bertoldi, C., Lathe, C. (2010): Gramaccioliite-(Y): paragenesis chemistry, and structure in a new occurrence, Samos Island, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22, 443-452.
Grandreefite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)F2
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Grandviewite
Formula: Cu3Al9(SO4)2(OH)29
Grantsite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2+x(V5+,V4+)6O16 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Graphite
Formula: C
Graulichite-(Ce)
Formula: CeFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Guérinite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Gunningite
Formula: ZnSO4 · H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
'Gustavite-Lillianite Series'
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V, Spry, P.G., Bonsall, T.A., Tarkian, M. & Solomon, Ch. (2008): Carbonate-replacement Pb-Zn-Ag+/-Au mineralization in the Kamariza area, Lavrion, Greece: Mineralogy and thermochemical conditions of formation. Mineralogy & Petrology 94, 85-106.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Haidingerite
Formula: CaHAsO4 · H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Halloysite var: Chrome-Halloysite'
Reference: No reference listed
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Localities:
Halloysite-7Å
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Haxonite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)23C6
Description: As carbide roses inside plessite
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Hedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018) Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt, 29(5), 32-77 (in German). [Photo on p. 72 (analysed sample)]
Heinrichite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Heliophyllite
Formula: Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Helmutwinklerite
Formula: Pb(Zn,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 61 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Herbertsmithite
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Reference: W. Krause, H.-J. Bernhardt, R. S. W. Braithwaite, U. Kolitsch and R. Pritchard (2006): Kapellasite, Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2, a new mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 331-342; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Hetaerolite var: Hydrohetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Heteromorphite
Formula: Pb7Sb8S19
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Heyrovskýite
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Reference: Voudouris, P. & Economou-Eliopoulus, M. (2003): Mineralogy and chemistry of Cu-rich ores from the Kamariza carbonate-hosted deposit (Lavrion), Greece. In: Eliopoulos et al. (Eds.): Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development. Millpress, Rotterdam, 1039-1042.
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hilarionite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)(AsO4)(OH)·6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Rusakov, V.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A. and Magganas, A. (2012) Hilarionite, IMA 2011-089. CNMNC Newsletter No. 12, February 2012, page 154; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 151-155; Pekov, I.V., Chukanov ,N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Rusakov, V.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Vuduris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopolus, A. (2013): Hilarionite, Fe3+2(SO4)(AsO4)(OH)•6H2O, a new hypergene mineral from Laurion, Greece. Zapiski RMO, 142(5), 30-42.
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Hohmannite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Hollandite Supergroup'
Formula: A2+[M4+6M3+2]O16
Reference: Ivarsson, M., Kilias, S. P., Broman, C., Naden, J., & Detsi, K. (2010). Fossilized microorganisms preserved as fluid inclusions in epithermal veins, Vani Mn-Ba deposit, Milos Island, Greece.
Honessite
Formula: (Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
'Hornblende'
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Horsfordite' ?
Formula: Cu, Sb
Reference: Dana, 7th. Ed.,7TH,V.1,173(1944)
Huemulite
Formula: Na4Mg(V10O28) · 24H2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber (identification method not given); Stephan Wolfsried collection; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Hydrocalumite
Formula: Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Hydrowoodwardite
Formula: (Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Hydroxycalcioroméite ?
Formula: (Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)'
Formula: (La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Reference: Pantó, G. and Maksimović, Z. (2001) Two new rare earth minerals in an unusual mineralization of the Nissi bauxite deposit, Greece. Acta Geologica Hungarica: 44(1): 81-93.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: Nd(CO3)(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Pantó, G. and Maksimović, Z. (2001) Two new rare earth minerals in an unusual mineralization of the Nissi bauxite deposit, Greece. Acta Geologica Hungarica: 44(1): 81-93.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Ianthinite
Formula: U4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
IMA2018-051a (TL)
Formula: CaZn2(AsO4)2·4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Rieck, B., Giester, G., Lengauer, C. and Topa, D. (2019) IMA 2018-051a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 47, February 2019, page 203; European Journal of Mineralogy, 31: 199–204
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Jadeite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Jadeite var: Chloromelanite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Jamesite
Formula: Pb2Zn(Fe2+,Zn)2Fe3+4(AsO4)4(OH)10
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Johannite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Kaatialaite
Formula: Fe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2O
Kamarizaite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 3H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., et al. (2009): Kamarizaite Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3·3H2O -- a new mineral arsenate analogue of tinticite. Zapiski RMO 138(3), 100-108; N. V. Chukanov, I. V. Pekov, S. Möckel, A. A. Mukhanova, D. I. Belakovsky, L. A. Levitskaya und G. K. Bekenova (2010): Kamarizaite, Fe33+(AsO4)2(OH)3•3H2O, a new mineral species, arsenate analogue of tinticite. Geology of Ore Deposits 52, 599-605; U. Kolitsch, C. L. Lengauer and G. Giester (2014): Crystal structures and isotypism of the iron arsenate kamarizaite and the iron phosphate tinticite. 92nd Annual Meeting of the DMG, Jena, Germany, September 21-24; abstract in Programme, 257; Kolitsch, U., Lengauer, C.L. and Giester, G. (2016): Crystal structures and isotypism of the iron(III) arsenate kamarizaite and the iron(III) phosphate tinticite. Eur. J. Mineral. 28, 71-81.
Kaňkite
Formula: FeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
Kanonaite
Formula: Mn3+Al(SiO4)O
Reference: Tony Nikischer
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Kaolinite Subgroup'
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (unpubl. SEM-EDS results)
Kapellasite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Type Locality:
Reference: W. Krause, H.-J. Bernhardt, R. S. W. Braithwaite, U. Kolitsch and R. Pritchard (2006): Kapellasite, Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2, a new mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 329-340.
Katerinopoulosite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2Zn(SO4)2·6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Britvin, S.N., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A. and Stergiou, V. (2017) Katerinopoulosite, IMA 2017-004. CNMNC Newsletter No. 37, June 2017, page 739; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 737–742; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Kettnerite
Formula: CaBiCO3OF
Keyite
Formula: Cu2+3Zn4Cd2(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Khademite
Formula: Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Kochsándorite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Kolwezite
Formula: (Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Katerinopoulos, A. (1996): Bisher nicht bekannte Minerale aus den Lavrion-Bergwerken. Lapis, 21 (11), 39; 62.
Koritnigite
Formula: Zn(HAsO4) · H2O
Kornelite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
Kostovite
Formula: CuAuTe4
Reference: Ref.: Bernard, H. & Hyrsl, J., Minerals and Their Localities, 2004; Bonev, I.K.; Petrunov, R.; Cook, N. J.; Ciobanu, C. L. (2005): Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology. 42, 1-22
Köttigite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Krausite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Reference: Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Kröhnkite
Formula: Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Krupkaite
Formula: PbCuBi3S6
Reference: No reference listed
Ktenasite (TL)
Formula: Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Kyrgyzstanite
Formula: ZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2O
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti collection [S. Möckel 2010 - EDX+PXRD]; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Lahnsteinite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Langisite
Formula: (Co,Ni)As
Reference: Tombros, S.F. (2008): Later stages of evolution of an epithermal system: Au-Ag mineralization at Apigania Bay, Tinos, Island, Cyclades, Hellas, Greece. Min.Pet. (in press)
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Lansfordite
Formula: MgCO3 · 5H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Laurelite
Formula: Pb7F12Cl2
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Laurionite (TL)
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Description: Note: The first find of laurionite (Köchlin, 1887) was not in a slag.
Reference: Köchlin, R. (1887): Ueber Phosgenit und ein muthmasslich neues Mineral vom Laurion. Annalen des K.K. Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums, 2, 185-190
Lautenthalite
Formula: PbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Lawsonite
Formula: CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Lawsonite var: Chromian Lawsonite ?
Formula: Ca(Al,Cr)2[Si2O7](OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Jordi Fabre
Lazaridisite (TL)
Formula: 3CdSO4·8H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. and Giester, G. (2012) Lazaridisite, IMA 2012-043. CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1287; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Lead
Formula: Pb
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Legrandite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Leightonite
Formula: K2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Lemanskiite
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 3H2O
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Leucoxene
Liebenbergite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Lindqvistite
Formula: Pb2Mn2+Fe16O27
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Reference: Pantó, G. & Maksimović, Z. (2001): Two new rare earth minerals in an unusual mineralization of the Nissi bauxite deposit, Greece. Acta Geologica Hungarica 44, 81-93.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
'Lorettoite'
Formula: Pb7O6Cl2
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.
Lotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Zn,Mn3+)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Ludjibaite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Description: Most (probably all) ludjibaite samples that came to the market after the description of Hanke (1995) were found to be conichalcite. As described by Wendel and Markl (1999) only one confirmed occurence is reported, in which ludjibaite had formed as the result of bird dung reacting with copper bearing species. HANKE, H. (1995): Neue Mineralfunde aus den attischen Bergwerken bei Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralienwelt 6/6, 62-72 (in German) WENDEL, W. and MARKL G.(1999), Lavrion: Mineralogiesche Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24/7 34-52 (in German)
Reference: No reference listed
Ludlockite
Formula: PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Lukrahnite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)(Fe3+,Zn)(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Macphersonite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1985): Neue Schlackenmineralien von Lavrion. Lapis, 10 (5), 13-16; 50.
Magnesiocarpholite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Reference: Di Pierro, S., Gnos, E., Grobety, B.H., Armbruster, T., Bernasconi, S.M., and Ulmer, P. (2003) Rock-forming moissanite (natural alpha-silicon carbide). American Mineralogist: 88: 1817-1821.
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Garuti, G., Zaccarini, F., and Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 312-319.
Magnesiokoritnigite
Formula: Mg(AsO3OH)·H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Schreiber, F. & Hammer, V.M.F. (2007): Lavrion 2003-2007: Es hat sich einiges getan! Neufunde - Nachsuche - Archäologie. Lapis 32 (4), 32-38; 50.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Mushketovite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Gerhard Brandstetter collection
Magnetoplumbite
Formula: (Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Mahnertite
Formula: NaCu3(AsO4)2Cl · 5H2O
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Mammothite
Formula: Pb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Manganarsite
Formula: Mn3(As2O4)(OH)4
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
'Manganese'
Formula: Mn
Reference: KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
'Manganese Oxides'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Reference: Rottenmanner, G. (2010): Baryt, Fluorit und Calcit aus Serifos. Der Steirische Mineralog, H. 24, 41-46.
Manganiandrosite-(La) (TL)
Formula: {Mn2+La}{Mn3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Bonazzi P., Menchetti S., Reinecke T., 1996. Solid solution between piemontite and androsite-(La), a new mineral of the epidote group from Andros Island, Greece. Amer. Miner., 81: 735-742.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Manjiroite
Formula: Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Mansfieldite
Formula: AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Mapimite
Formula: Zn2Fe3+3(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 10H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Marrite
Formula: AgPbAsS3
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Matildite var: Cupromatildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: VOUDOURIS, P. (2005): Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit Attika/Greece. In: Mao, J.W. and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral deposit research: Meeting the global challenge. Springer, Berlin, 1089-1092.
Matlockite
Formula: PbFCl
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Mawbyite
Formula: Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Mawsonite
Formula: Cu6Fe2SnS8
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Mcnearite
Formula: NaCa5(AsO4)(HAsO4)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Meixnerite
Formula: Mg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Mendipite
Formula: Pb3Cl2O2
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Reference: Meteoritical Society 72nd meeting, 5294(2009)
Mereiterite (TL)
Formula: K2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Giester, G. and Rieck, B. (1995) Mereiterite, K2Fe[SO4]2•4H2O, a new leonite-type mineral from the Lavrion mining district, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy 7, 559-566.; Mineralogical Record 27: 304.
Metahohmannite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 4H2O
Metamunirite
Formula: NaVO3
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Metasideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
'Meteoritic Iron'
Description: Fe-Ni metal in the H5 clasts are Ni-rich.
Reference: Weisberg et al. (2008) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 94, September 2008. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43(9):1551-1588. (Sept 2008).
Meyerhofferite
Formula: Ca2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
'Mica Group'
Reference: L. Rantos collection
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: No reference listed
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Millosevichite
Formula: (Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Mimetite-M'
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Minohlite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10•8H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities:
Moissanite
Formula: SiC
Habit: Platey hexagonal crystals to 1.5mm.
Colour: colourless, blue, black, greenish yellow, pinkish
Reference: Di Pierro, S., Gnos, E., Grobety, B.H., Armbruster, T., Bernasconi, S.M., and Ulmer, P. (2003) Rock-forming moissanite (natural alpha-silicon carbide). American Mineralogist: 88: 1817-1821.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Description: Scattered tiny inclusions of monazite-(Ce)... verified in thin section by EPMA.
Reference: Frank Mazdab collection (hand sample + thin section)
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Nd)
Formula: Nd(PO4)
Description: Monazite-(Nd) occurs as fine-grained pore fillings and fissure fillings in brindleyite.
Reference: Bull. Acad. Serbe Sci. Art,72, #20, 35-42
Monetite
Formula: Ca(HPO4)
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Monteponite
Formula: CdO
Reference: No reference listed
Montetrisaite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Kilias, S.P., Naden, J., Cheliotis, I., Shepherd, T.J., Constandinidou, H., Crossing, J., and Simos, I. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 32-44.
Mooihoekite
Formula: Cu9Fe9S16
Moorhouseite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Mummeite
Formula: Cu0.58Ag3.11Pb1.10Bi6.65S13
Murdochite
Formula: PbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Alurgite
Formula: K2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
Reference: Reinecke, T. (1986): Crystal chemistry and reaction relations of piemontites and thulites from highly oxidized low grade metamorphic rocks at Vitali, Andros Island, Greece. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 56-76.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Nakauriite
Formula: Cu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
Description: Nakauriite from this locality contains up to 25% Mg for substituting Cu (analysis Branko Rieck).
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Namuwite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Nantokite
Formula: CuCl
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection (analysed by U. Kolitsch)
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrochalcite
Formula: NaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Natroglaucocerinite (TL)
Formula: Zn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2•6H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 86, pages 767–770, 2000
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Natropharmacoalumite
Formula: NaAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Natropharmacosiderite
Formula: (Na,K)Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Nealite (TL)
Formula: Pb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Min.Rec.(1980) 11, 299-301; Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1981): Neufunde von Mineralen aus den antiken Bleischlacken Laurions. Der Aufschluss, 32, 165-169.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: No reference listed
Nesquehonite
Formula: MgCO3 · 3H2O
Reference: J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371. ; Giester, G; Lengauer, CL; Rieck, B: The crystal structure of nesquehonite, MgCO3•3H2O, from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 70 (2000), 153-163; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Nickelaustinite
Formula: CaNi(AsO4)(OH)
Nickelblödite ?
Formula: Na2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Erik Vercammen collection (purchased, but ID will be checked)
Nickelboussingaultite
Formula: (NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Nickelhexahydrite
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nickellotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Ni,Fe3+,Co)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Reference: LAPIS 2010 7/8, 14 (Kristalldruse ad); Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German); Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Varlamov, D.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A., Magganas, A. (2016): Nickeltsumcorite, Pb(Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(H2O,OH)2, a new tsumcorite-group mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine (in press)
Nickeltsumcorite (TL)
Formula: Pb(Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(H2O,OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Varlamov, D.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A. and Magganas, A. (2014) Nickeltsumcorite, IMA 2013-117. CNMNC Newsletter No. 19, February 2014, page 170; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 165-170; Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Varlamov, D.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Voudouris, P., Katerinopoulos, A., Magganas, A. (2016): Nickeltsumcorite, Pb(Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(H2O,OH)2, a new tsumcorite-group mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine (in press); Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Niedermayrite (TL)
Formula: CdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Giester, G., Rieck, B., and Brandstätter, F. (1998) Niedermayrite, Cu4Cd(SO4)2(OH)6•4H2O, a new mineral from the Lavrion Mining District, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology: 63: 19-34.; Hanke, H. and Jahn, S. (1998) Niedermayrit. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (5), 12.; Hanke, H. (1998) Niedermayrit, Cu4Cd(SO4)2(OH)6•4H2O, ein neues Mineral aus dem Bergbaugebiet Laurion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (5), 13; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Niter
Formula: KNO3
Reference: Helvaci, C., Stamatakis, M. G., Zagouroglou, C., & Kanaris, J. (1993). Borate minerals and related authigenic silicates in northeastern Mediterranean Late Miocene continental basins. Exploration and Mining Geology, 2(2), 171-178.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: No reference listed
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Nováčekite-II
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Nuffieldite
Formula: Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Nuffieldite var: Argentonuffieldite
Formula: Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Nybøite
Formula: NaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Tony Nikischer
Ojuelaite
Formula: ZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Localities:
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Omsite
Formula: Ni2Fe3+(OH)6[Sb(OH)6]
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ondrušite
Formula: CaCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Opal var: Fire Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Habit: to 10cm
Colour: red and dark or light orange and rarely yellowish, greenish, beige and white
Reference: KARACIK, ZEKİYE; GENÇ, S. CAN; ESENLİ, FAHRİ; GÖLLER, GÜLTEKIN. (2011) he Gümüldür Fire Opal: Mode of Occurrence and Mineralogical Aspects. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences. Jan/Feb2011, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p99-114.
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-CT
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Description: Al-rich.
Reference: Di Pierro, S., Gnos, E., Grobety, B.H., Armbruster, T., Bernasconi, S.M., and Ulmer, P. (2003) Rock-forming moissanite (natural alpha-silicon carbide). American Mineralogist: 88: 1817-1821.
Orthoserpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Osakaite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 5H2O
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Otavite
Formula: CdCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Ourayite
Formula: Ag3Pb4Bi5S13
Reference: No reference listed
Owyheeite
Formula: Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Reference: Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767.
Pääkkönenite
Formula: Sb2AsS2
Parabutlerite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Paracoquimbite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Paradamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Parádsasvárite
Formula: Zn2(CO3)(OH)2
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Paralaurionite (TL)
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Smith, G. F. H. (1899): On some lead minerals from Laurium, namely, laurionite, phosgenite, fiedlerite, and (new species) paralaurionite. Mineralogical Magazine, 12, 102-110.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 65; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion (1996): The Minerals in the Ancient Slags.; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Paramelaconite
Formula: Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Parascorodite
Formula: FeAsO4 · 2H2O
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Theye, T.; Hatert, F.; Ockenga, E.; Bertoldi, C.; Lathe, C. (2010): Gramaccioliite-(Y): paragenesis chemistry, and structure in a new occurrence, Samos Island, Greece. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22, 443-452.
Parnauite
Formula: Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Pascoite
Formula: Ca3(V10O28) · 17H2O
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
'Pascoite Group'
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Paulmooreite
Formula: Pb2[As2O5]
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Penfieldite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Cl3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Smith, G. F. H. (1899): On some lead minerals from Laurium, namely, laurionite, phosgenite, fiedlerite, and (new species) paralaurionite. Mineralogical Magazine, 12, 102-110.; American Mineralogist (1941): 26: 293; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 67; Cesbron, F. & Schubnel, H. J. (1968): Penfieldite. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 91, 407-408 (in French).; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Pentahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Percylite'
Description: Later work by the author (Branko Rieck; see ref: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)) showed that the true identity was diaboleite; for details see Kolitsch et al. (2014).
Reference: Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Peretaite
Formula: Ca(SbO)4(SO4)2(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Perite
Formula: PbBiClO2
'Petrified Wood'
Petrukite
Formula: (Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)3(Sn,In)S4
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Pharmacoalumite
Formula: KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Philipsbornite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Philipsburgite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
'Phillipsite'
Reference: Econ Geol (1989)84:788-798; Helvaci, C., Stamatakis, M. G., Zagouroglou, C., & Kanaris, J. (1993). Borate minerals and related authigenic silicates in northeastern Mediterranean Late Miocene continental basins. Exploration and Mining Geology, 2(2), 171-178.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Phlogopite-3T'
Reference: Di Pierro, S., Gnos, E., Grobety, B.H., Armbruster, T., Bernasconi, S.M., and Ulmer, P. (2003) Rock-forming moissanite (natural alpha-silicon carbide). American Mineralogist: 88: 1817-1821.
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pitticite
Formula: (Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Plagionite
Formula: Pb5Sb8S17
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Plessite'
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Plumboagardite
Formula: (Pb,REE,Ca)Cu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Prachařite (TL)
Formula: CaSb5+2(As3+2O5)2O2·10H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Sejkora, J., Topa, D., Kampf, A.R., Plášil, J., Rieck, B. and Fabritz, K.H. (2018) Prachařite, IMA 2018-081. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: xxxx–xxxx.
Preisingerite
Formula: Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Prosopite
Formula: CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Pseudoboleite
Formula: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pseudocotunnite ?
Formula: K2PbCl4
Reference: [MinMax website]
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Hoffman, C. & Keller, J. (1979): Xenoliths of lawsonite-ferroglaucophane rocks from a Quaternary volcano of Milos (Aegean Sea, Greece). Lithos, 12, 209-219.
Pumpellyite-(Al)
Formula: Ca2Al3(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Reference: Schreiber, F. & Hammer, V.M.F. (2007): Lavrion 2003-2007: Es hat sich einiges getan! Neufunde - Nachsuche - Archäologie. Lapis 32 (4), 32-38; 50.
Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Lapis 35 (3) (2010) p. 12
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 63 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Pyrostilpnite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 107 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Adam Stephens
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Voudouris, P., & Alfieris, D. (2005). New porphyry—Cu±Mo occurrences in the north-eastern Aegean, Greece: Ore mineralogy and epithermal relationships. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 473-476). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Prase
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quenstedtite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
Ramdohrite
Formula: Pb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V, Spry, P.G., Bonsall, T.A., Tarkian, M. & Solomon, Ch. (2008): Carbonate-replacement Pb-Zn-Ag+/-Au mineralization in the Kamariza area, Lavrion, Greece: Mineralogy and thermochemical conditions of formation. Mineralogy & Petrology 94, 85-106. [p. 90, 93]
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Ramsbeckite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Ramsdellite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Ransomite
Formula: CuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
Rapidcreekite
Formula: Ca2(SO4)(CO3) · 4H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Redgillite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Richelsdorfite
Formula: Ca2Cu5Sb(AsO4)4(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Robinsonite
Formula: Pb4Sb6S13
Reference: No reference listed
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
'Roméite Group'
Formula: A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
'Roméite Group var: Bismutostibiconite' ?
Formula: Bi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Rooseveltite
Formula: Bi(AsO4)
Roquesite
Formula: CuInS2
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Rosasite var: Nickeloan Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Rosickýite
Formula: S
Rößlerite
Formula: Mg(HAsO4) · 7H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Rostite
Formula: Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Sailaufite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)2Mn3+3(AsO4)2(CO3)O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Sainfeldite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sarmientite
Formula: Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
'Scapolite'
Reference: Mposkos, E. (1978): Scapolite of Seriphos and the garnet composition of several garnetites of the island. Deltio tes Hellenikes Geologikes Hetairias 13(2), 34-45.
Schäferite
Formula: Ca2NaMg2(VO4)3
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2017): Crystal chemistry of vanadate garnets from old metallurgical slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 194, 19-25.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Smith J L (1851) Memoir on Emery - Second Part - On the minerals associated with emery: corundum, hydrargillite, diaspore, zinc spinel, pholerite, ephesite (a new species), emerylite (a new species), muscovite, chloritoid (a new variety), black tourmaline, chlorite, magnetic oxyd of iron, oligiste iron, hydrated oxyd of iron, iron pyrites, rutile, ilmenite and titaniferous iron, American Journal of Science, 11, 53-66
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Schultenite
Formula: Pb(HAsO4)
Sclarite
Formula: Zn7(CO3)2(OH)10
Reference: Schnorrer, G. (2004): Mineralogische Notizen VIII. Der Aufschluss, 55 (6), 381-384.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Scrutinyite
Formula: α-PbO2
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Seligmannite
Formula: PbCuAsS3
Reference: http://biomine.brgm.fr/Documents/4BioMinEProducts/Deliverable/DI3_WP1_Resource%20identification_v061031.pdf
Semseyite
Formula: Pb9Sb8S21
Senaite
Formula: Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Serpierite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Des Cloizeaux (1881) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 4: 89.; Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387. (referring to serpierite from "the Kamareza section of the Laurion mines in Greece."; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 593.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Serpierite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 238, 604-605 (referring to Des Cloizeaux, 1881).; Gröbner, J. (2001) Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
Sewardite
Formula: CaFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Shakhovite
Formula: (Hg+2)Hg2+2(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
Shannonite
Formula: Pb2O(CO3)
Shattuckite
Formula: Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Shubnikovite
Formula: Ca2Cu8(AsO4)6(OH)Cl · 7H2O
Description: Samples studied proved to be lavendulan (Gröbner & Kolitsch, 2002). The material reported by Wendel (2000) was only analysed by EDS, but not XRD.
Reference: Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.; J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Sideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Siderotil
Formula: FeSO4 · 5H2O
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
'Silica'
Reference: Weisberg et al. (2008) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 94, September 2008. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43(9):1551-1588. (Sept 2008).
Silicon
Formula: Si
Reference: Am Min 88:1817-1821
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Sklodowskite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Analysed by Michalis Fitros - personal communication to Gerhard Brandstetter; Simon, P. & Kapellas, K. (2017): Uranmineralien und rote Barytkristalle: Erstfund von Sklodowskit in Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 42 (7-8), 58-65; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Slavíkite
Formula: (H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Slavkovite
Formula: Cu13(AsO4)6(AsO3OH)4·23H2O
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Smithsonite var: Monheimite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)CO3
Reference: M. Grossou-Valta, K. Adam, D. C. Constantinides, J. M. Prevosteau, E. Dimou (1990): Mineralogy of and potential beneficiation process for the Molai complex sulphide orebody, Greece. In: P. M. J. Gray, G. J. Bowyer, J. F. Castle, D. J. Vaughan, N. A. Warner (Eds.): Sulphide deposits — their origin and processing, 1990, The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 119-133.
Sofiite ?
Formula: Zn2(SeO3)Cl2
Description: Reported by Skarpelis and Argyraki (2009) without any details on method of analysis; considered questionable by Kolitsch et al. (2014), since no primäre Se mineral is known from Lavrion so far.
Reference: Skarpelis, N. and Argyraki, A. (2009): The geology and origin of supergene ores in Lavrion (Attica, Greece). Resource Geology, 59, 1-14; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Spherocobaltite
Formula: CoCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Spinel var: Titano-spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: No reference listed
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Stibarsen
Formula: AsSb
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
'Stibioenargite'
Formula: Cu3(Sb,As)S4
Reference: Strunz (1957) (?)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Hoffman, C. & Keller, J. (1979): Xenoliths of lawsonite-ferroglaucophane rocks from a Quaternary volcano of Milos (Aegean Sea, Greece). Lithos, 12, 209-219.
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Strashimirite
Formula: Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Stützite
Formula: Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Sudoite
Formula: Mg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Sulvanite
Formula: Cu3VS4
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.
Sursassite
Formula: Mn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Reference: Reinecke, T., Tillmanns, E. & Bernhardt, H.-J. (1991): Abswurmbachite, Cu2+Mn3+[O8/SiO4], a new mineral of the braunite group: natural occurrence, synthesis and crystal structure. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen, 163, 117-143.
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Helvaci, C., Stamatakis, M. G., Zagouroglou, C., & Kanaris, J. (1993). Borate minerals and related authigenic silicates in northeastern Mediterranean Late Miocene continental basins. Exploration and Mining Geology, 2(2), 171-178.
Symplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Szaibélyite
Formula: MgBO2(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Takovite
Formula: Ni6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Talmessite
Formula: Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Wendel, W., Blaß, G., Mühlbauer, W. & Markl, G. (1999): Hilarion - Plaka - Sounion: Lavrion-News 1997-1999. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 64-67; Branko Rieck and Karl-Heinz Fabritz information
Talnakhite
Formula: Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Reference: Möckel, S. (2001): Wallkilldellit und weitere acht Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis 26 (11), 43.
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Tellurobismuthite ?
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Tetrahedrite var: Zincian Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
Reference: Papavasiliou, K., Voudouris, P., Kanellopoulos, C., Alfieris, D., & Xydous, S. (2016) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Triades-Galana Pb-Zn-Ag-Au Intermediate-High Sulfidation Epithermal Deposit, Milos Island, Greece. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, vol. L, Proceedings of the 14th Intern. Congress, Thessaloniki, May 2016
Tetrataenite
Formula: FeNi
Reference: Meteoritical Society 72nd meeting, 5294(2009)
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Econ Geol (1989)84:788-798
Thometzekite
Formula: PbCu2+2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Thomsenolite
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Thorikosite (TL)
Formula: Pb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tooeleite
Formula: Fe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Reinecke, T. (1982): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 79, 333-336.; Reinecke, T. (1986): Crystal chemistry and reaction relations of piemontites and thulites from highly oxidized low grade metamorphic rocks at Vitali, Andros Island, Greece. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 56-76.
Trevorite
Formula: Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Trippkeite
Formula: Cu2+As3+2O4
Reference: Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
Tripuhyite
Formula: Fe3+Sb5+O4
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Tsumcorite
Formula: PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Tsumoite ?
Formula: BiTe
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.
'Turgite'
Reference: On Jewel Tunnel Imports selenite specimens mined in 2016.
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Uklonskovite
Formula: NaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
Ulexite
Formula: NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Reference: Helvaci, C., Stamatakis, M. G., Zagouroglou, C., & Kanaris, J. (1993). Borate minerals and related authigenic silicates in northeastern Mediterranean Late Miocene continental basins. Exploration and Mining Geology, 2(2), 171-178.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
'UM1985-07-OH:AlCuSZn'
Formula: [(Zn,Cu)2Al(OH)6][(SO4)0.5 · 3H2O]
Reference: Raade, G., Elliott, C.J., Din, V.K. (1985): New Data on Glaucocerinite. Mineralogical Magazine: 49: 583-590
'UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn'
Formula: (Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
'UM2011-10-S:AgCuTe[1]'
Formula: Ag2CuTeS
Reference: Panagiotis Christos Voudouris, Paul G. Spry, Gregory Aarne Sakellaris und Constantinos Mavrogonatos (2011): A cervelleite-like mineral and other Ag-Cu-Te-S minerals [Ag2CuTeS and (Ag,Cu)2TeS] in gold-bearing veins in metamorphic rocks of the Cycladic Blueschist Unit, Kallianou, Evia Island, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology, 101, 169-183.
'UM2011-11-S:AgCuTe[2]'
Formula: (Ag,Cu)2TeS
Reference: Panagiotis Christos Voudouris, Paul G. Spry, Gregory Aarne Sakellaris und Constantinos Mavrogonatos (2011): A cervelleite-like mineral and other Ag-Cu-Te-S minerals [Ag2CuTeS and (Ag,Cu)2TeS] in gold-bearing veins in metamorphic rocks of the Cycladic Blueschist Unit, Kallianou, Evia Island, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology, 101, 169-183.
'Unnamed (Ag-Au-Cu Telluride Sulphide)'
Formula: [(Ag,Au,Cu)9Te2S3
Reference: Tombros, Stylianos; St. Seymour, Karen; Spry, Paul G.; Williams-Jones, Anthony (2005): Greenockite and zincian greenockite in epithermal polymetallic Ag–Au–Te mineralization, Tinos Island, Hellas: Description and conditions of formation. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 182, 1-9.
'Unnamed (As-analogue of Zaïrite)'
Formula: (Bi,Pb)Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
'Unnamed (Ca Arsenate Hydrate)'
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
'Unnamed (Fe2+-analogue of Brandtite)'
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
'Unnamed (Fe2+-analogue of Parabrandtite)'
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
'Unnamed (Na-Ca-Ni Vanadate Garnet)'
Formula: {NaCa2}[Ni2](V5+3)O12
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2017): Crystal chemistry of vanadate garnets from old metallurgical slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 194, 19-25.
'Unnamed (Na-Fe Vanadate Garnet)'
Formula: {Na3}[Fe3+2](V5+3)O12
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2017): Crystal chemistry of vanadate garnets from old metallurgical slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 194, 19-25.
'Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)'
Formula: NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide II)'
Formula: NaPb5(CO3)4(OH)3
'Unnamed (Na-V Oxide)'
Formula: Na1.2V3O8
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Unnamed (Ni-Mg-analogue of Lyonsite)'
Formula: (Ni,□)2(Mg,Ni)2(Fe3+,Ni)4(VO4)6
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
'Unnamed (Ni Vanadate)'
Formula: Ni3(VO4)2
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Unnamed (Orthorhombic dimorph of Barstowite)'
Formula: Pb4CO3Cl6 · H2O
Reference: U. Kolitsch and H. Pristacz (2009): An orthorhombic dimorph of barstowite, Pb4Cl6(CO3)•H2O, from slags at Maria Waitschach, Austria, and Lavrion, Greece. Poster, Joint MinPet 2009 and 4th MSCC, Budapest, Hungary, September 7-11; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 155, 83; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Unnamed (Pb Arsenite Chloride)'
Formula: Pb5(AsO3)Cl7
'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)'
Formula: Pb6Cu(AsO3)2Cl7
'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Chloride-Hydroxide)'
Formula: Pb, Cu, Cl, O, H
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection (PXRD- and EDS-analysed by Uwe Kolitsch)
'Unnamed (Pb Diarsenite-Chloride-Hydrate)'
Formula: Pb9(H2O)3(As2O5)2Cl10
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)'
Formula: Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H
'Unnamed (Pb Hydrogen Arsenite Chloride)'
Formula: Pb2(HAsO3)Cl2
Reference: Siidra, O.I., Krivovichev, S.V., Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A., Voudouris, P. (2011): The crystal structure of Pb5(As3+O3)Cl7 from the historic slags of Lavrion, Greece – a novel Pb(II) chloride arsenite. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 337-345.
'Unnamed (Pb Oxide Chloride)'
Formula: α-3PbO · PbCl2
Reference: Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German); Hochleitner, R. (1981): Lavrion - die Mineralien der antiken Bleischlacken. Lapis 6 (9), 9-14 (in German).
'Unnamed (Zn Sulphate-Hydroxide-Chloride-Hydrate)'
Formula: Zn9(SO4)2(OH)12Cl2 · 6H2O
Reference: U. Kolitsch and Giester, G. (2013) The crystal structure of a new secondary zinc mineral from Lavrion, Greece: Zn9(SO4)2(OH)12Cl2•6H2O. Poster, MinPet 2013, September 19-23; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 159, 74. [http://erdwissenschaften.uni-graz.at/aktuelles/veranstaltungen/minpet2013/downloads/ThirdCircular2013_Final.pdf]; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G., and Gröbner, J. (2014) Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Uranospinite
Formula: Ca(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Michalis Fitros collection (EDS analysis); Branko Rieck collection (EDS and SXRD analyses)
Ustarasite
Formula: Pb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
Reference: VOUDOURIS, P. (2005): Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit Attika/Greece. In: Mao, J.W. and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral deposit research: Meeting the global challenge. Springer, Berlin, 1089-1092.; Voudouris, P. (2005). Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. In Mineral deposit research: meeting the global challenge (pp. 1089-1092). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vauquelinite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1996): Eine Antimonit-Paragenese und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 21 (11), 40-42; 62; Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Veenite
Formula: Pb2(Sb,As)2S5
Reference: Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110
Vernadite
Formula: (Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2O
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. Poster, MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Veszelyite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Vladimirite
Formula: Ca4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Voudourisite (TL)
Formula: CdSO4·H2O
Reference: Rieck, B. and Giester, G. (2012) Voudourisite, IMA 2012-042. CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1287; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Vulcanite
Formula: CuTe
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
'Wad'
Wallkilldellite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2001): Wallkilldellit und weitere acht Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis 26 (11), 43.
Warikahnite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Watanabeite
Formula: Cu4(As,Sb)2S5
Reference: Papavasiliou, K., Voudouris, P., Kanellopoulos, C., Alfieris, D., & Xydous, S. (2016) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Triades-Galana Pb-Zn-Ag-Au Intermediate-High Sulfidation Epithermal Deposit, Milos Island, Greece. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, vol. L, Proceedings of the 14th Intern. Congress, Thessaloniki, May 2016
Weilerite ?
Formula: BaAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Description: Hanke does not mention any analysis. Weilerite can only be distinguished from Arsenogorceixite if As/S = 1, or by SXRD (See Http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,11,339859,376418)
Reference: Hanke, H. (1998) Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.; Http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,11,339859,376418
Weissite
Formula: Cu2-xTe
Reference: Economic Geology 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
'Whitlockite Group'
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Willemseite
Formula: Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Winchite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wonesite ?
Formula: (Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4
Description: No analytical data, no info on method(s) used.
Reference: Sales list 2013-01 Gunnar Färber
Woodruffite
Formula: Zn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMn3+x)O2·yH2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2001): Wallkilldellit und weitere acht Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis 26 (11), 43.
Woodwardite
Formula: Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Wroewolfeite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Reference: Stephan Wolfsried specimen
Xanthiosite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2
Reference: Rieck, B.: Lapis (1999)(7/8),68-76.
Xanthoconite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Yaroslavite
Formula: Ca3Al2F10(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Yukonite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Zaccagnaite
Formula: Zn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Zálesíite
Formula: CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Zavaritskite
Formula: (BiO)F
Zdenĕkite
Formula: NaPbCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
'Zeiringite'
Reference: www.butterfields.com/areas/nh/7427x_eggs/0101-02001.htm.
Zeunerite ?
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Simon, P. & Kapellas, K. (2017): Uranmineralien und rote Barytkristalle: Erstfund von Sklodowskit in Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 42 (7-8), 58-65.
Zinc
Formula: Zn
Reference: M. Grossou-Valta, K. Adam, D. C. Constantinides, J. M. Prevosteau, E. Dimou (1990): Mineralogy of and potential beneficiation process for the Molai complex sulphide orebody, Greece. In: P. M. J. Gray, G. J. Bowyer, J. F. Castle, D. J. Vaughan, N. A. Warner (Eds.): Sulphide deposits — their origin and processing, 1990, The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 119-133.
Zincaluminite (TL)
Formula: Zn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
Reference: Bertrand and Damour (1881): Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 4: 135, 136.; Damour, A. & Bertrand, E. (1882): Zinc aluminite, a new mineral species. Jahrb. f. Mineral. 2, 351-352 (in German(?)).; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 580.
Zincite
Formula: ZnO
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1991): Neue Funde aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 16 (6), 21-23; 58.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Zincmelanterite
Formula: (Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2O
Zincocopiapite
Formula: ZnFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
Zincohögbomite-2N2S (TL)
Formula: [(Zn,Al,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+,Ti)8O15(OH)]2
Reference: Ockenga, E., Yalçin, Ü., Medenbach, O., and Schreyer, W. (1998) Zincohögbomite, a new mineral from eastern Aegean metabauxites. European Journal of Mineralogy: 10: 1361-1366.; Jambor, J.L., Pertsev, N.N., and Roberts, A.C. (1999) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 84: 1195-1198.
Zincolivenite (TL)
Formula: CuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Pasero, M., Merlino, S., Möckel, S., Rabadanov, M.Kh., Belakovskiy, D.I. (2007): Zincolivenite CuZn(AsO4)(OH): A new adamite-group mineral with ordered distribution of Cu and Zn. Transactions (Doklady) of the Russian Academy of Sciences/Earth Science Section, 415A, 841-845.
Zincostaurolite
Formula: Zn2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: American Mineralogist (2003) 88, 789-805
Zincowoodwardite (TL)
Formula: Zn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Reference: T. Witzke & G. Raade (2000): Zincowoodwardite, [Zn 1-x Al x (OH) 2] [(SO 4) x/2 (H 2 O) n], a new mineral of the hydrotalcite group.- Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 455-465
Zincrosasite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Reference: No reference listed
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Reinecke, T. (1986): Crystal chemistry and reaction relations of piemontites and thulites from highly oxidized low grade metamorphic rocks at Vitali, Andros Island, Greece. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 56-76.
Zoisite var: Thulite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Reinecke, T. (1986): Crystal chemistry and reaction relations of piemontites and thulites from highly oxidized low grade metamorphic rocks at Vitali, Andros Island, Greece. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 56-76.
Zýkaite
Formula: Fe3+4(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2O
Reference: Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Arsenolamprite1.CA.10As
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Haxonite1.BA.10(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Lead1.AA.05Pb
'Manganese' ?1.AE.30Mn
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Moissanite1.DA.SiC
Rosickýite1.CC.05S
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Silicon1.CB.15Si
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Stibarsen1.CA.05AsSb
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Tetrataenite1.AE.10FeNi
Zinc1.AB.05Zn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
var: Argentoaikinite2.HB.05a(Pb,Ag)CuBiS3
Alabandite ?2.CD.10MnS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Anilite2.BA.10Cu7S4
Argentopyrite2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Betekhtinite2.BE.05(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Briartite2.KA.10Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Canfieldite2.BA.70Ag8SnS6
Cattierite2.EB.05aCoS2
Cervelleite2.BA.60Ag4TeS
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Dadsonite2.HC.30Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Diaphorite2.JB.05Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Dimorphite2.FA.10As4S3
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Falkmanite2.HC.15Pb3Sb2S6
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Freibergite2.GB.05(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Freieslebenite2.JB.15AgPbSbS3
Fülöppite2.HC.10aPb3Sb8S15
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Geocronite2.JB.30aPb14(Sb,As)6S23
Germanite2.CB.30Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Goldfieldite2.GB.05(Cu102)Te4S12S
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Hawleyite2.CB.05aCdS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Heteromorphite2.HC.10cPb7Sb8S19
Heyrovskýite2.JB.40bPb6Bi2S9
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Kostovite2.EA.15CuAuTe4
Krennerite2.EA.15Au3AgTe8
Krupkaite2.HB.05aPbCuBi3S6
Langisite2.CC.05(Co,Ni)As
Lillianite2.JB.40aPb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Marrite2.JB.15AgPbAsS3
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
var: Cupromatildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Mawsonite2.CB.20Cu6Fe2SnS8
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Mooihoekite2.CB.10bCu9Fe9S16
Mummeite2.JA.05fCu0.58Ag3.11Pb1.10Bi6.65S13
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Nuffieldite2.JB.25gCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
var: Argentonuffieldite2.JB.25gCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Ourayite2.JB.40cAg3Pb4Bi5S13
Owyheeite2.HC.35Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petrukite2.KA.05(Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)3(Sn,In)S4
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Plagionite2.HC.10bPb5Sb8S17
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrostilpnite2.GA.10Ag3SbS3
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Pääkkönenite2.DB.05Sb2AsS2
Ramdohrite2.JB.40aPb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Rickardite2.BA.30Cu7Te5
Robinsonite2.HC.20Pb4Sb6S13
Roquesite2.CB.10aCuInS2
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Seligmannite2.GA.50PbCuAsS3
Semseyite2.HC.10dPb9Sb8S21
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Stützite2.BA.65Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Sulvanite2.CB.70Cu3VS4
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Talnakhite2.CB.10bCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Tellurobismuthite ?2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
var: Zincian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Tsumoite ?2.DC.05BiTe
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Ustarasite2.JB.40ePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
Vaesite2.EB.05aNiS2
Veenite2.HC.05dPb2(Sb,As)2S5
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Vulcanite2.CB.75CuTe
Watanabeite2.GC.15Cu4(As,Sb)2S5
Weissite2.BA.30Cu2-xTe
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Xanthoconite2.GA.10Ag3AsS3
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Anthonyite3.DA.40Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Barstowite3.DC.95Pb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Blixite3.DC.50Pb2(O,OH)2Cl
Bobkingite3.DA.50Cu5Cl2(OH)8 · 2H2O
Boleite3.DB.15KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Botallackite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Calumetite3.DA.40CaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
Carlhintzeite3.CB.45Ca2[AlF6]F · H2O
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite3.AA.15Ag(Cl,Br)
Chloroxiphite3.DB.30Pb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
Claringbullite3.DA.15Cu4ClF(OH)6
Clinoatacamite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cotunnite3.DC.85PbCl2
Creedite3.CG.15Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cumengeite3.DB.20Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Damaraite3.DC.75Pb3Cl(OH)O2
Diaboleite3.DB.05Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Ecdemite3.DC.65Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Fiedlerite (TL)3.DC.10Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Heliophyllite3.DC.65Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Herbertsmithite3.DA.10cCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Kapellasite (TL)3.DA.10cCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Laurelite3.DC.20Pb7F12Cl2
Laurionite (TL)3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Matlockite3.DC.25PbFCl
Mendipite3.DC.70Pb3Cl2O2
Murdochite3.DB.45PbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Nantokite3.AA.05CuCl
Paralaurionite (TL)3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Penfieldite (TL)3.DC.15Pb2Cl3(OH)
Perite3.DC.30PbBiClO2
Prosopite3.CD.10CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Pseudoboleite3.DB.10Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Pseudocotunnite ?3.DC.90K2PbCl4
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Thomsenolite3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Thorikosite (TL)3.DC.40Pb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
Yaroslavite3.CB.50Ca3Al2F10(OH)2 · H2O
Zavaritskite3.DC.25(BiO)F
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Akaganeite4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Asbolane4.FL.30(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Aurorite4.FL.20(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Bannermanite4.HF.05(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Barnesite4.HG.45(Na,Ca)V6O16 · 3H2O
Bayerite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Brannerite4.DH.05UTi2O6
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chadwickite4.JA.60(UO2)[HAsO3]
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Claudetite4.CB.45As2O3
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Delafossite4.AB.15CuFeO2
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Dzhalindite4.FC.05In(OH)3
Feroxyhyte4.FE.40Fe3+O(OH)
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Fougèrite4.FL.05Fe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
Freedite4.JB.65Cu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Georgiadèsite (TL)4.JB.70Pb4(AsO3)Cl4(OH)
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gramaccioliite-(Y)4.CC.40(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
Grantsite4.HG.55(Na,Ca)2+x(V5+,V4+)6O16 · 4H2O
Groutite4.FD.10Mn3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
var: Hydrohetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Huemulite4.HG.10Na4Mg(V10O28) · 24H2O
Hydrocalumite4.FL.10Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Ianthinite4.GA.10U4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Lindqvistite4.CC.45Pb2Mn2+Fe16O27
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Lithiophorite4.FE.25(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Ludlockite4.JA.45PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Mushketovite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetoplumbite4.CC.45(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
Manganarsite4.JB.10Mn3(As2O4)(OH)4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Manjiroite4.DK.05aNa(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Meixnerite4.FL.05Mg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2O
Metamunirite4.HD.20NaVO3
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Monteponite4.AB.25CdO
Nealite (TL)4.JD.05Pb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Nordstrandite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Omsite4.FB.Ni2Fe3+(OH)6[Sb(OH)6]
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Fire Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-CT4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Paramelaconite4.AA.15Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Pascoite4.HC.05Ca3(V10O28) · 17H2O
Paulmooreite4.JA.50Pb2[As2O5]
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Prase4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ramsdellite4.DB.15aMn4+O2
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
'Roméite Group'4.DH.A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
'var: Bismutostibiconite' ?4.DH.Bi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Scrutinyite4.DB.20α-PbO2
Senaite4.CC.40Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
Shakhovite4.FB.05(Hg+2)Hg2+2(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
Sofiite ?4.JG.15Zn2(SeO3)Cl2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Titano-spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tooeleite4.JD.15Fe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Trevorite4.BB.05Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Trippkeite4.JA.20Cu2+As3+2O4
Tripuhyite4.DB.05Fe3+Sb5+O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Vernadite4.FE.40(Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2O
Woodruffite4.FL.25Zn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMn3+x)O2·yH2O
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
Zincite4.AB.20ZnO
Zincohögbomite-2N2S (TL)4.CB.20[(Zn,Al,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+,Ti)8O15(OH)]2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Alumohydrocalcite5.DB.05CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Andersonite5.ED.30Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Flos Ferri5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Plumboan Aragonite5.AB.15(Ca,Pb)CO3
Artinite5.DA.10Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Barringtonite' ?5.CA.15MgCO3 · 2H2O
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)5.BD.20aLa(CO3)F
Bayleyite5.ED.05Mg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
Beyerite5.BE.35Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Brianyoungite5.BF.30Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Dundasite5.DB.10PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Dypingite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Gaspéite5.AB.05Ni(CO3)
Georgeite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Giorgiosite (TL)5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
Glaukosphaerite ?5.BA.10(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Huntite5.AB.25CaMg3(CO3)4
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrotalcite5.DA.50Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)'5.BD.20a(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd) (TL)5.BD.20aNd(CO3)(OH)
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Kettnerite5.BE.30CaBiCO3OF
Kochsándorite5.DB.10CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Kolwezite5.BA.10(Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
Lansfordite5.CA.10MgCO3 · 5H2O
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Macphersonite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Nesquehonite5.CA.05MgCO3 · 3H2O
Niter5.NA.10KNO3
Otavite5.AB.05CdCO3
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
var: Nickeloan Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Sclarite5.BA.30Zn7(CO3)2(OH)10
Shannonite5.BE.05Pb2O(CO3)
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
var: Monheimite5.AB.05(Zn,Fe)CO3
Spherocobaltite5.AB.05CoCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Susannite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Takovite5.DA.50Ni6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Zaccagnaite5.DA.45Zn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Zincrosasite5.BA.10(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 6 - Borates
Colemanite6.CB.10Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Meyerhofferite6.CA.30Ca2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Szaibélyite6.BA.15MgBO2(OH)
Ulexite6.EA.25NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Aldridgeite7.DF.(Cd,Ca)(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Alpersite7.CB.35(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
Aluminocopiapite7.DB.35Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Amarantite7.DB.30Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Ammoniojarosite7.BC.10(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Aplowite7.CB.15(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
Argentojarosite7.BC.10AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Arzrunite7.DF.60Cu4Pb2(SO4)(OH)4Cl6 · 2H2O (?)
Aubertite7.DB.05CuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Bianchite7.CB.25(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Bieberite7.CB.35CoSO4 · 7H2O
Bonattite7.CB.10CuSO4 · 3H2O
Boyleite7.CB.15(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Bílinite7.CB.85Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Caracolite7.BD.20Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Carbonatecyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcoalumite7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Changoite7.CC.50Na2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Chenite7.BC.70Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Christelite7.DD.25Cu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquandite7.DE.35Sb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Cuprocopiapite7.DB.35CuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Cyanochroite7.CC.60K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Dietrichite7.CB.85(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Drobecite (TL)7.CB.15CdSO4 · 4H2O
Edwardsite7.DD.30Cu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O
Elyite7.DF.65Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ettringite7.DG.15Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Ferricopiapite7.DB.35Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Ferrinatrite7.CC.35Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fornacite7.FC.10Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Glaucocerinite (TL)7.DD.35(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Goldichite7.CC.40KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Gordaite7.DF.50NaZn4(SO4)(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Grandreefite7.BD.45Pb2(SO4)F2
Grandviewite7.BB.60Cu3Al9(SO4)2(OH)29
Gunningite7.CB.05ZnSO4 · H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Hohmannite7.DB.30Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Honessite7.DD.35(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Hydroniumjarosite7.BC.10(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Hydrowoodwardite7.DD.35(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Johannite7.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Khademite7.DB.10Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Kieserite7.CB.05MgSO4 · H2O
Kornelite7.CB.60Fe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
Krausite7.CC.05KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Kröhnkite7.CC.30Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ktenasite (TL)7.DD.20Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Kyrgyzstanite7.DD.75ZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2O
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Lautenthalite7.DE.70PbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Leightonite7.CC.70K2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Magnesiocopiapite7.DB.35MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Mammothite7.BC.60Pb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Mereiterite (TL)7.CC.55K2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Metahohmannite7.DB.30Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 4H2O
Metasideronatrite7.DF.20Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
Metavoltine7.DF.35Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Millosevichite7.AB.05(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Montetrisaite7.DD.85Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O
Moorhouseite7.CB.25(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
Morenosite7.CB.40NiSO4 · 7H2O
Nakauriite7.DG.30Cu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
Namuwite7.DD.50Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrochalcite7.DF.15NaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Natroglaucocerinite (TL)7.DD.35Zn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2•6H2O
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Nickelblödite ?7.CC.50Na2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Nickelboussingaultite7.CC.60(NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Nickelhexahydrite7.CB.25(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Niedermayrite (TL)7.DD.30CdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Orthoserpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Osakaite7.DE.40Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 5H2O
Osarizawaite7.BC.10Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Parabutlerite7.DC.10Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Paracoquimbite7.CB.55Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Pentahydrite7.CB.20MgSO4 · 5H2O
Peretaite7.DF.45Ca(SbO)4(SO4)2(OH)2 · 2H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Polyhalite7.CC.65K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Quenstedtite7.CB.65Fe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
Ramsbeckite7.DD.60(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Ransomite7.CB.80CuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
Rapidcreekite7.DG.20Ca2(SO4)(CO3) · 4H2O
Redgillite7.DD.70Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Rhomboclase7.CB.55(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Rostite7.DB.10Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Römerite7.CB.75Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite (TL)7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Sideronatrite7.DF.20Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Siderotil7.CB.20FeSO4 · 5H2O
Slavíkite7.DF.30(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Spangolite7.DD.15Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Starkeyite7.CB.15MgSO4 · 4H2O
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
'UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn'7.DD.80(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Uklonskovite7.DF.05NaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
Vauquelinite7.FC.05Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Voltaite7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Woodwardite7.DD.35Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Wroewolfeite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Zincaluminite (TL)7.DD.35Zn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
Zincmelanterite7.CB.35(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2O
Zincocopiapite7.DB.35ZnFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
Zincowoodwardite (TL)7.DD.35Zn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
var: Alumino Adamite8.BB.30(Zn,Al)2AsO4(OH)
var: Cobaltoan Adamite8.BB.30(Zn,Co)AsO4OH
var: Cuprian Adamite8.BB.30(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
var: Manganoan Adamite8.BB.30(Zn,Mn)2(AsO4)(OH)
var: Nickeloan Adamite8.BB.30(Zn,Ni)2AsO4(OH)
Agardite-(Ce)8.DL.15CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Agardite-(La)8.DL.15LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Agardite-(Nd) (TL)8.DL.15NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Agardite-(Y)8.DL.15YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
var: Magnesian Annabergite8.CE.40(Ni,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Arsendescloizite8.BH.35PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Arseniosiderite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsenocrandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenogorceixite8.BL.10BaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenogoyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsentsumebite8.BG.05Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Arthurite8.DC.15CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Atelestite8.BO.15Bi2(AsO4)O(OH)
Attikaite (TL)8.DJ.45Ca3Cu2Al2(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 2H2O
Auriacusite8.BB.30Fe3+Cu2+(AsO4)O
Austinite8.BH.35CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
var: Cuprian Austinite8.BH.35CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Barahonaite-(Al)8.CH.60(Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Bariopharmacosiderite8.DK.10Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Bayldonite8.BH.45PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Bendadaite8.DC.15Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Brandtite8.CG.10Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Bukovskýite8.DB.40Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
Carminite8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Ceruleite8.DE.25Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Chalcophyllite8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chalcosiderite8.DD.15CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Chlorophoenicite8.BE.35(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Clinoclase8.BE.20Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Cobaltaustinite8.BH.35CaCo(AsO4)(OH)
Cobaltkoritnigite8.CB.20(Co,Zn)(HAsO4) · H2O
Collinsite8.CG.05Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornubite8.BD.30Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite8.BD.05Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Drugmanite8.BH.15Pb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Dussertite8.BL.10BaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Euchroite8.DC.07Cu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Feinglosite8.BG.05Pb2Zn(AsO4)2 · H2O
Ferrilotharmeyerite8.CG.15Ca(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Gaitite8.CG.05Ca2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Gartrellite8.CG.20Pb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Geminite8.CB.30Cu(HAsO4) · H2O
Gorceixite8.BL.10BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goudeyite8.DL.15AlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Graulichite-(Ce)8.BL.13CeFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6
Guérinite8.CJ.75Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Haidingerite8.CJ.20CaHAsO4 · H2O
Hedyphane8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Heinrichite8.EB.05Ba(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Helmutwinklerite8.CG.20Pb(Zn,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Hidalgoite8.BL.05PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hinsdalite8.BL.05PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hörnesite8.CE.40Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Jamesite8.BK.25Pb2Zn(Fe2+,Zn)2Fe3+4(AsO4)4(OH)10
Kaatialaite8.CC.10Fe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2O
Kaňkite8.CE.60FeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
Keyite8.CA.50Cu2+3Zn4Cd2(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Koritnigite8.CB.20Zn(HAsO4) · H2O
Köttigite8.CE.40Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Legrandite8.DC.10Zn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
Lemanskiite8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 3H2O
Lotharmeyerite8.CG.15Ca(Zn,Mn3+)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Ludjibaite8.BD.25Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Lukrahnite8.CG.20Ca(Cu,Zn)(Fe3+,Zn)(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Mahnertite8.DH.45NaCu3(AsO4)2Cl · 5H2O
Mansfieldite8.CD.10AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Mapimite8.DC.55Zn2Fe3+3(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 10H2O
Mawbyite8.CG.15Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Mcnearite8.CJ.55NaCa5(AsO4)(HAsO4)4 · 4H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
'Mimetite-M'8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mixite8.DL.15BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd)8.AD.50Nd(PO4)
Monetite8.AD.10Ca(HPO4)
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Natropharmacoalumite8.DK.12NaAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Natropharmacosiderite8.DK.10(Na,K)Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Nickelaustinite8.BH.35CaNi(AsO4)(OH)
Nickellotharmeyerite8.CG.15Ca(Ni,Fe3+,Co)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Ojuelaite8.DC.15ZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Ondrušite8.CE.30CaCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Paradamite8.BB.35Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Parascorodite8.CD.15FeAsO4 · 2H2O
Parasymplesite8.CE.40Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Parnauite8.DF.35Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Pharmacoalumite8.DK.12KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Pharmacolite8.CJ.50Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Philipsbornite8.BL.10PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Philipsburgite8.DA.35(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Picropharmacolite8.CH.15Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Pitticite8.DB.05(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Plumboagardite8.DL.15(Pb,REE,Ca)Cu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Preisingerite8.BO.10Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Richelsdorfite8.DK.Ca2Cu5Sb(AsO4)4(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
Rooseveltite8.AD.50Bi(AsO4)
Rößlerite8.CE.20Mg(HAsO4) · 7H2O
Sailaufite8.DH.30(Ca,Na,☐)2Mn3+3(AsO4)2(CO3)O2 · 3H2O
Sainfeldite8.CB.10Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Sarmientite8.DB.35Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Schultenite8.AD.30Pb(HAsO4)
Schäferite8.AC.25Ca2NaMg2(VO4)3
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Segnitite8.BL.10PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Sewardite8.BH.30CaFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Shubnikovite ?8.DG.05Ca2Cu8(AsO4)6(OH)Cl · 7H2O
Strashimirite8.DC.12Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Symplesite8.CE.45Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Talmessite8.CG.05Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Thometzekite8.CG.15PbCu2+2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Tsumcorite8.CG.15PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Tyrolite8.DM.10Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Uranospinite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Veszelyite8.DA.30(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Vladimirite8.CJ.25Ca4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
Volborthite8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Wallkilldellite8.DL.20Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Warikahnite8.CA.35Zn3(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Xanthiosite8.AB.25Ni3(AsO4)2
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Yukonite8.DM.25Ca3Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Zdenĕkite8.DG.05NaPbCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Zeunerite ?8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Zincolivenite (TL)8.BB.30CuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Zálesíite8.DL.15CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zýkaite8.DB.45Fe3+4(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Abswurmbachite (TL)9.AG.05CuMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: High Albite9.FA.35NaAlSi3O8
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine (TL)9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Amesite9.ED.15Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Ardennite-(V)9.BJ.40Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(VO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Axinite-(Mn)9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Baileychlore9.EC.55(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Barroisite9.DE.20☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Beidellite9.EC.40(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Boltwoodite9.AK.15(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Brindleyite (TL)9.ED.15(Ni,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Celsian9.FA.30Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Ripidolite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cuspidine9.BE.17Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Cymrite9.EG.05BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Deerite9.DH.60(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Violan9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Ephesite (TL)9.EC.20LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epistilbite9.GD.45CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Ferro-actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferro-glaucophane9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Ferrocarpholite9.DB.05(Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Fluor-dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Fraipontite9.ED.15(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Gilalite9.HE.05Cu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Glaucophane9.DE.25◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'var: Chrome-Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halloysite-7Å9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hisingerite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Jadeite9.DA.25Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
var: Chloromelanite9.DA.25Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Kanonaite9.AF.10Mn3+Al(SiO4)O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lawsonite9.BE.05CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
var: Chromian Lawsonite ?9.BE.05Ca(Al,Cr)2[Si2O7](OH)2 · H2O
Liebenbergite9.AC.05(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite9.DE.25◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesiocarpholite9.DB.05(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Manganiandrosite-(La) (TL)9.BG.05b{Mn2+La}{Mn3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Alurgite9.EC.15K2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Phengite9.EC.15KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite</