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N'Chwaning I Mine, N'Chwaning Mines, Kuruman, Kalahari manganese field, Northern Cape Province, South Africa

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 27° 8' 7'' North , 22° 52' 13'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 27.1352777778, 22.8702777778
Other regions containing this locality:Sahara Desert

A closed manganese mine owned by Assoc. Manganese Mines of South Africa, Ltd.
The north-western areas, where mining began, were noted for the presence of exceptional rhodochrosite specimens associated with mainly manganite and drusy secondary quartz. The ore consisted here mainly of the Hotazel Supergroup. Later mining shifted to the southern areas. Here well crystallized hausmannite, barite, hydroxyapophyllite, inesite, brucite and celestine where found and rhodochrosite became a rarity.(Extract from Cairncross et al, 1995)

Note: Majority of the red rhodochrosite specimens are from this mine and not N'Chwaning II mine.

Mineral List

48 valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Mining Annual Review (1985): 90.

Rocks & Minerals (1986): 61: 7.

Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.

Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).

Cairncross, B., Beukes, N. and Gutzmer, J. (1997): The Manganese Adventure – The South African Manganese Fields. Associated Ore & Metal Corporation Limited, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa.

Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa.

Cairncross, B. & Balayer, P. (2007): Neufund: Shigait aus den Kalahari-Manganfeldern, Südafrika. LAPIS 32 (4): 23-26 + 50.

Cairncross, B., and Beukes, N. J., (2013) The Kalahari Manganese Field, the adventure continues. Struik Nature Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa.

Cairncross, B. (2016). Shigaite: Connoisseur’s Choice. Rocks & Minerals, 91, 150-153.

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