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Central Americai
Regional Level Types
Central AmericaRegion

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Key
Lock Map
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Guatemala City994,938 (2017)
Managua973,087 (2010)
Tegucigalpa850,848 (2010)
San Salvador525,990 (2015)
San Pedro Sula489,466 (2013)
Mixco473,080 (2015)


A region covering the land area bordered by Mexico on the north and Colombia on the south. In some uses of the term Mexico is included in Central America.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

217 valid minerals. 9 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/latam.htm
Aerinite
Formula: (Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K. K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013, March). Assessing environmental controls on acid-sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: applications to relic hydrothermal systems on mars. In 44th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March (pp. 18-22).; Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Reference: Byington, C.B. and Russell, M.R., 2001, Economic geology and ore controls of the Santa Rosa Mine – An integrated structural analysis approach, Canazas, Veraguas, Republic of Panama: Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication 8, p. 318-329.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Harlow, G. E., Sisson, V. B., & Sorensen, S. S. (2011). Jadeitite from Guatemala: new observations and distinctions among multiple occurrences. Geologica Acta, 9(3). 363-387
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Am. Miner., V. 90, pp. 836-842, 2005.
Alpersite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Alum-(Na)
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com/
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Alunite Supergroup'
Formula: AD3(XO4)2(OH)6
Reference: I. Corral, E. Cardellach, A. Canals, M. Corbella, T. Martín-Crespo and E. Vindel (2010): Environment of Ore Deposition in the Cerro Quema Gold-Copper Deposit (Azuero Peninsula, Panama). Macla 13, 69-70
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1980) 75:1053-1065
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Reference: Williams-Jones, A. E., Samson, I. M., Ault, K. M., Gagnon, J. E., & Fryer, B. J. (2010). The genesis of distal zinc skarns: Evidence from the Mochito deposit, Honduras. Economic Geology, 105(8), 1411-1440.; Samson, I. M., Williams-Jones, A. E., Ault, K. M., Gagnon, J. E., & Fryer, B. J. (2008). Source of fluids forming distal Zn-Pb-Ag skarns: Evidence from laser ablation–inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry analysis of fluid inclusions from El Mochito, Honduras. Geology, 36(12), 947-950.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:308-324
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/latam.htm
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.52,255,323,458
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Walter R. Kellogg (M&W Minerals) specimens
Arsenic
Formula: As
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Description: Found by Daniele Trogolo Got in 1988
Reference: Paolo Bosio Collection
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Attakolite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
Reference: Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., Renzulli, A., Toscani, L., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Suarez, P., & Murroni, A. (2014). Genesis of the hydrothermal gold deposits in the Canan area, Lepaguare District, Honduras. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 103(3), 901-928.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gazel, E., & Caddick, M. J. (2014). Hydrothermal processes in partially serpentinized peridotites from Costa Rica: evidence from native copper and complex sulfide assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5), 1-21.; Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gill, B. C., Gazel, E., & Madrigal, P. (2016). Sulfur and carbon geochemistry of the Santa Elena peridotites: Comparing oceanic and continental processes during peridotite alteration. Lithos, 252, 92-108.
Banalsite
Formula: Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Bannermanite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1983) 68, 634-641
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., Renzulli, A., Toscani, L., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Suarez, P., & Murroni, A. (2014). Genesis of the hydrothermal gold deposits in the Canan area, Lepaguare District, Honduras. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 103(3), 901-928.
Blossite (TL)
Formula: α-Cu2(V2O7)
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist (1987) 72, 397-400; HB3 (1997)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Halbach, P.; Gursky, H. J.; Gursky, M. M.; Schmidt-Effing, R.; Maresch, W. V. (1992): Composition and formation of fossil manganese nodules in Jurassic to Cretaceous radiolarites from the Nicoya Ophiolite Complex (NW Costa Rica). Mineralium Deposita 27, 153-160.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gill, B. C., Gazel, E., & Madrigal, P. (2016). Sulfur and carbon geochemistry of the Santa Elena peridotites: Comparing oceanic and continental processes during peridotite alteration. Lithos, 252, 92-108.
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Buddingtonite
Formula: (NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Reference: Harlap, A. and Williams-Jones, A.E., (2006) Buddingtonite: A Gold Vector In Disguise. in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 31
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Econ Geol (2004) 99:1223-1231
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Walter R. Kellogg (M&W Minerals) specimens
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Byington, C.B. and Russell, M.R., 2001, Economic geology and ore controls of the Santa Rosa Mine – An integrated structural analysis approach, Canazas, Veraguas, Republic of Panama: Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication 8, p. 318-329.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Chabazite var: Phacolite'
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Rudy Tschernich
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Chalcocyanite
Formula: CuSO4
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 36
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Dana 6:159.
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
Reference: Dana 6:159.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chromite var: Ferrian Chromite
Formula: Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
Reference: Federica Zaccarini, Ronald J. Bakker, Giorgio Garuti, Thomas Aiglsperger, Oskar A. R. Thalhammer, Lolita Campos, Joaquin A. Proenza, John F. Lewis (2010) Platinum group minerals in chromitite bodies of the Santa Elena Nappe, Costa Rica: mineralogical characterization by electron microprobe and Raman–spectroscopy. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana 62:161-171
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Clays'
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Torio-Henríquez, E. (2007) Petrography and mineral alteration in Berlin geothermal field. Proceedings, Thirty-Second Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 22-24.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., Renzulli, A., Toscani, L., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Suarez, P., & Murroni, A. (2014). Genesis of the hydrothermal gold deposits in the Canan area, Lepaguare District, Honduras. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 103(3), 901-928.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cowlesite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: [Clark, 1993 -
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Richard Dale collection
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Despujolsite
Formula: Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K. K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013, March). Assessing environmental controls on acid-sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: applications to relic hydrothermal systems on mars. In 44th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March (pp. 18-22).; Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., Renzulli, A., Toscani, L., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Suarez, P., & Murroni, A. (2014). Genesis of the hydrothermal gold deposits in the Canan area, Lepaguare District, Honduras. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 103(3), 901-928.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Gray, F., Hammarstrom, J.M., Ludington, S., Zürcher, L., Nelson, C.E., Robinson, G.R., Jr., Miller, R.J., and Moring, B.C., 2014, Porphyry copper assessment of Central America and the Caribbean Basin: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010–5090–I, 81 p.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Alunno S, Nazzareni S, Zaccarini F, Mattioli M, Renzulli A (2014) Gold nuggets and associated minerals from the Murcielago placer deposit, Lepaguare valley (Honduras). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 91
Drugmanite
Formula: Pb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Reference: Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., Renzulli, A., Toscani, L., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Suarez, P., & Murroni, A. (2014). Genesis of the hydrothermal gold deposits in the Canan area, Lepaguare District, Honduras. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 103(3), 901-928.
Eldfellite
Formula: NaFe3+(SO4)2
Reference: Stoiber, R.E. & Rose, W.I., Jr. (1969): Recent volcanic and fumarolic activity at Santiaguito volcano, Guatemala. Bulletin of Volcanology, 33, 475-502.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Emmonsite
Formula: Fe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Description: Material originally called "Durdenite."
Reference: Dana and Wells (1890) American Journal of Science: 40: 78; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 641.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: I. Corral, E. Cardellach, A. Canals, M. Corbella, T. Martín-Crespo and E. Vindel (2010): Environment of Ore Deposition in the Cerro Quema Gold-Copper Deposit (Azuero Peninsula, Panama). Macla 13, 69-70; Corral, I., Griera, A., Gras, D. M. G., Corbella, M., i Sabaté, À. C., Piineda-Falconett, M., & i López, E. C. (2011). Geology of the Cerro Quema Au-Cu deposit (Azuero Peninsula, Panama). Geologica acta: an international earth science journal, 9(3), 481-498.; Corral, I., Cardellach, E., Corbella, M., Canals, À., Gómez-Gras, D., Griera, A., & Cosca, M. A. (2016). Cerro Quema (Azuero Peninsula, Panama): Geology, Alteration, Mineralization, and Geochronology of a Volcanic Dome-Hosted High-Sulfidation Au-Cu Deposit. Economic Geology, 111(2), 287-310.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Reference: Federica Zaccarini, Ronald J. Bakker, Giorgio Garuti, Thomas Aiglsperger, Oskar A. R. Thalhammer, Lolita Campos, Joaquin A. Proenza, John F. Lewis (2010) Platinum group minerals in chromitite bodies of the Santa Elena Nappe, Costa Rica: mineralogical characterization by electron microprobe and Raman–spectroscopy. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana 62:161-171
Euchlorine
Formula: KNaCu3(SO4)3O
Reference: http://www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/central_america/el_salvador/izalco/fumar.html; Amer.Min.(1985) 70, 193-196
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Ferro-glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Am. Miner., V. 90, pp. 836-842, 2005.
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fingerite (TL)
Formula: Cu11(VO4)6O2
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1985) 70, 193-196; HB4 (2000)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Tavchandjian, O., P. Golightly (2010) Technical Report on an Update to the Fenix Project, Izabal, Guatemala. Report Number: 09-1117-6013
Freibergite
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Garronite-Ca
Formula: Na2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Reference: Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
Geffroyite ?
Formula: (Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Reference: Raymond, J., Williams-Jones, A. E., & Clark, J. R. (2005). Mineralization associated with scale and altered rock and pipe fragments from the Berlin geothermal field, El Salvador; implications for metal transport in natural systems. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 145(1), 81-96.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Tavchandjian, O., P. Golightly (2010) Technical Report on an Update to the Fenix Project, Izabal, Guatemala. Report Number: 09-1117-6013
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Gobbinsite
Formula: Na5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K. K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013, March). Assessing environmental controls on acid-sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: applications to relic hydrothermal systems on mars. In 44th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March (pp. 18-22).; Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Graphite
Formula: C
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Gyrolite
Formula: NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Reference: Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimens
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gazel, E., & Caddick, M. J. (2014). Hydrothermal processes in partially serpentinized peridotites from Costa Rica: evidence from native copper and complex sulfide assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5), 1-21.; Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gill, B. C., Gazel, E., & Madrigal, P. (2016). Sulfur and carbon geochemistry of the Santa Elena peridotites: Comparing oceanic and continental processes during peridotite alteration. Lithos, 252, 92-108.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
'Heulandite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Halbach, P.; Gursky, H. J.; Gursky, M. M.; Schmidt-Effing, R.; Maresch, W. V. (1992): Composition and formation of fossil manganese nodules in Jurassic to Cretaceous radiolarites from the Nicoya Ophiolite Complex (NW Costa Rica). Mineralium Deposita 27, 153-160.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Prosser, J.T., Carr, M.J. (1987) Poás volcano, Costa Rica: Geology of the summit region and spatial and temporal variations among the most recent lavas. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 33(1-3), 131-146.
Howardevansite (TL)
Formula: NaCuFe2(VO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1988) 73, 181-186
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/central_america/el_salvador/izalco/petro.html a
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Reference: Torio-Henríquez, E. (2007) Petrography and mineral alteration in Berlin geothermal field. Proceedings, Thirty-Second Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 22-24.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ilsemannite
Formula: Mo3O8 · nH2O
Reference: (E. Nitta, M. Kimata, M. Hoshino, T. Echigo, S. Hamasaki, H. Shinohara, N. Nishida, T. Hatta, M. Shimizu (2006) “High-temperature sublimate minerals from Iwodake volcano, Satsuma-Iwojima, Kyusyu, Southwestern Japan.” –oral presentation at IMA meeting in Kobe.)
Irarsite ?
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: Federica Zaccarini, Ronald J. Bakker, Giorgio Garuti, Thomas Aiglsperger, Oskar A. R. Thalhammer, Lolita Campos, Joaquin A. Proenza, John F. Lewis (2010) Platinum group minerals in chromitite bodies of the Santa Elena Nappe, Costa Rica: mineralogical characterization by electron microprobe and Raman–spectroscopy. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana 62:161-171
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: Bersani, D., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., & Lottici, P. P. (2009). Raman and micro-thermometric investigation of the fluid inclusions in quartz in a gold-rich formation from Lepaguare mining district (Honduras, Central America). Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 73(3), 443-449.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Jadeite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Jalpaite
Formula: Ag3CuS2
Reference: Müller-Kahle, E. (1962): Deposit of the Montecristo Mine, El Salvador, and its geological character. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Palaeontologie, Abhandlungen 115, 289-334.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
'K-alum'
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Khademite
Formula: Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K. K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013, March). Assessing environmental controls on acid-sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: applications to relic hydrothermal systems on mars. In 44th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March (pp. 18-22).; Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Reference: Federica Zaccarini, Ronald J. Bakker, Giorgio Garuti, Thomas Aiglsperger, Oskar A. R. Thalhammer, Lolita Campos, Joaquin A. Proenza, John F. Lewis (2010) Platinum group minerals in chromitite bodies of the Santa Elena Nappe, Costa Rica: mineralogical characterization by electron microprobe and Raman–spectroscopy. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana 62:161-171
Lawsonite
Formula: CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Am. Miner., V. 90, pp. 836-842, 2005.
Lecontite (TL)
Formula: (NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 439; American Mineralogist (1963): 48: 180; J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003)
Leucoxene
Reference: Torio-Henríquez, E. (2007) Petrography and mineral alteration in Berlin geothermal field. Proceedings, Thirty-Second Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 22-24.
'Lévyne'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Lyonsite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Fe4(VO4)6
Type Locality:
Description: Fumarolic sublimate.
Reference: Amer.Min.(1987) 72, 1000-1005
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Venable, M. E. (1994). A geologic, tectonic and metallogenic evaluation of the Siuna terrane. PhD thesis. University of Arizona.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mandarinoite
Formula: Fe3+2(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
Reference: Rocks & Min.:64:48.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Mcbirneyite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(VO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: J. Volc. Geoth. Res. 33(1987), 183; HB4 (2000)
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Mendozite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Mereiterite
Formula: K2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Habit: compact masses
Description: coverd by thin colorless mesolite needles
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.101,301,323,362,386,415,493; Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Offretite
Formula: KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Okenite
Formula: Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Reference: Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Omphacite var: Titanian Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fTi4+gFe2+hMgj)Si2O6
Reference: http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2003AM/finalprogram/abstract_65497.htm.; Harlow, G. E. (1994). Jadeitites, albitites and related rocks from the Motagua Fault Zone, Guatemala. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 12(1), 49-68.; Harlow, G. E., Sisson, V. B., & Sorensen, S. S. (2011). Jadeitite from Guatemala: new observations and distinctions among multiple occurrences. Geologica Acta, 9(3). 363-387
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Black Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Wayne Osborne Collection
Opal var: Precious Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.:8:8.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Soto, G.S. (2004) Meteoritos y Meteoros en Costa Rica (Verdaderos, Posibles y Falsos) [In Spanish]: Revista Geológica de América Central 31: 7-23.
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Reference: Federica Zaccarini, Ronald J. Bakker, Giorgio Garuti, Thomas Aiglsperger, Oskar A. R. Thalhammer, Lolita Campos, Joaquin A. Proenza, John F. Lewis (2010) Platinum group minerals in chromitite bodies of the Santa Elena Nappe, Costa Rica: mineralogical characterization by electron microprobe and Raman–spectroscopy. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana 62:161-171
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Pararealgar
Formula: As4S4
Description: Found by Daniele Trogolo Got in 1988
Reference: Paolo Bosio Collection
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gazel, E., & Caddick, M. J. (2014). Hydrothermal processes in partially serpentinized peridotites from Costa Rica: evidence from native copper and complex sulfide assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5), 1-21.; Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gill, B. C., Gazel, E., & Madrigal, P. (2016). Sulfur and carbon geochemistry of the Santa Elena peridotites: Comparing oceanic and continental processes during peridotite alteration. Lithos, 252, 92-108.
Petedunnite
Formula: Ca(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
'Phillipsite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Specimen in the Robal Ontario Museum
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gazel, E., & Caddick, M. J. (2014). Hydrothermal processes in partially serpentinized peridotites from Costa Rica: evidence from native copper and complex sulfide assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5), 1-21.
Poughite
Formula: Fe3+2(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.:64:48.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Preiswerkite
Formula: NaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Freehan, P. A. (1936) Agates in the Canal Zone: Rocks and Minerals, v. 11, no. 9, p. 170, 171.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Eye Agate
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Freehan, P. A. (1936) Agates in the Canal Zone: Rocks and Minerals, v. 11, no. 9, p. 170, 171.
Quartz var: Fortification Agate
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Freehan, P. A. (1936) Agates in the Canal Zone: Rocks and Minerals, v. 11, no. 9, p. 170, 171.
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Collection of Alex Earl
Quartz var: Moss Agate
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Freehan, P. A. (1936) Agates in the Canal Zone: Rocks and Minerals, v. 11, no. 9, p. 170, 171.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Collection of Alex Earl
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Description: Found by Daniele Trogolo Got in 1988
Reference: Paolo Bosio Collection
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Reference: American Mineralogist (1930) 15: 272-273
Ruarsite ?
Formula: (Ru,Os)AsS
Reference: Federica Zaccarini, Ronald J. Bakker, Giorgio Garuti, Thomas Aiglsperger, Oskar A. R. Thalhammer, Lolita Campos, Joaquin A. Proenza, John F. Lewis (2010) Platinum group minerals in chromitite bodies of the Santa Elena Nappe, Costa Rica: mineralogical characterization by electron microprobe and Raman–spectroscopy. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana 62:161-171
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Samaniite
Formula: Cu2Fe5Ni2S8
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gazel, E., & Caddick, M. J. (2014). Hydrothermal processes in partially serpentinized peridotites from Costa Rica: evidence from native copper and complex sulfide assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5), 1-21.; Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gill, B. C., Gazel, E., & Madrigal, P. (2016). Sulfur and carbon geochemistry of the Santa Elena peridotites: Comparing oceanic and continental processes during peridotite alteration. Lithos, 252, 92-108.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Raymond, J., Williams-Jones, A. E., & Clark, J. R. (2005). Mineralization associated with scale and altered rock and pipe fragments from the Berlin geothermal field, El Salvador; implications for metal transport in natural systems. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 145(1), 81-96.
Sassolite ?
Formula: H3BO3
Reference: Quisefit, J.P., Toutain, J.P., Bergametti, G., Javoy, M., Cheynet, B., Person, A. (1989): Evolution versus cooling of gaseous volcanic emissions from Momotombo Volcano, Nicaragua: Thermochemical model and observations. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta: 53: 2591-2608
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Alunno S, Nazzareni S, Zaccarini F, Mattioli M, Renzulli A (2014) Gold nuggets and associated minerals from the Murcielago placer deposit, Lepaguare valley (Honduras). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 91
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Farrington, O.C. (1915). Catalogue of the meteorites of North America: Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 13: Washington. 545 pages.
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Selenium
Formula: Se
Description: Fumarolic deposition on sulphates.
Reference: Gunnar Färber specimens, 2007
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Shcherbinaite
Formula: V5+2O5
Reference: http://www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/central_america/el_salvador/izalco/fumar.html; Amer.Min.(1983) 68, 634-641 ; Hughes, J. M., & Finger, L. W. (1983). The crystal chemistry of shcherbinaite, naturally occurring V 2 O 5. American Mineralogist, 68(11-12), 1220-1222.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
'Silica'
Silver
Formula: Ag
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gazel, E., & Caddick, M. J. (2014). Hydrothermal processes in partially serpentinized peridotites from Costa Rica: evidence from native copper and complex sulfide assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5), 1-21.; Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gill, B. C., Gazel, E., & Madrigal, P. (2016). Sulfur and carbon geochemistry of the Santa Elena peridotites: Comparing oceanic and continental processes during peridotite alteration. Lithos, 252, 92-108.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
'Stilbite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Stoiberite (TL)
Formula: Cu5(VO4)2O2
Type Locality:
Reference: AM 64 (1979), 941; HB3 (1997); Amer.Min.(1983) 68, 634-641
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Müller-Kahle, E. (1962): Deposit of the Montecristo Mine, El Salvador, and its geological character. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Palaeontologie, Abhandlungen 115, 289-334.
Sugakiite
Formula: Cu(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gazel, E., & Caddick, M. J. (2014). Hydrothermal processes in partially serpentinized peridotites from Costa Rica: evidence from native copper and complex sulfide assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5), 1-21.; Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gill, B. C., Gazel, E., & Madrigal, P. (2016). Sulfur and carbon geochemistry of the Santa Elena peridotites: Comparing oceanic and continental processes during peridotite alteration. Lithos, 252, 92-108.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
'Taramite Root Name'
Formula: A(CaNa)(Z2+3Z3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Dana 6:980.
Tellurium var: Selen-tellurium
Formula: (Te,Se)
Reference: Dana 7:I:137; http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM76/AM76_257.pdf
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
'Thallium'
Formula: Tl
Reference: Quisefit, J.P., Toutain, J.P., Bergametti, G., Javoy, M., Cheynet, B., Person, A. (1989): Evolution versus cooling of gaseous volcanic emissions from Momotombo Volcano, Nicaragua: Thermochemical model and observations. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta: 53: 2591-2608; vide in: Zelensky, M., Bortnikova, S. (2005): Sublimate speciation at Mutnovsky volcano, Kamchatka. European Journal of Mineralogy: 17: 107-118
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Am Min 70:1-2 pp 193-196; Amer.Min.(1985) 70, 193-196
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Tinsleyite
Formula: KAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., Renzulli, A., Toscani, L., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Suarez, P., & Murroni, A. (2014). Genesis of the hydrothermal gold deposits in the Canan area, Lepaguare District, Honduras. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 103(3), 901-928.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: https://www.royalroadminerals.com/res/img/headers/Los_Andes.pdf
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Byington, C.B. and Russell, M.R., 2001, Economic geology and ore controls of the Santa Rosa Mine – An integrated structural analysis approach, Canazas, Veraguas, Republic of Panama: Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication 8, p. 318-329.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Farrington, O.C. (1915). Catalogue of the meteorites of North America: Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 13: Washington. 545 pages.; Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Tschernichite
Formula: (Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
'UM1963-02-PO:AlCaH'
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5•H2O
Reference: Cowgill, U.M., Hutchinson, G.E., Joensuu, O. (1963): An apparently triclinic dimorph of crandallite from a tropical swamp sediment in El Petén, Guatemala. American Mineralogist: 48: 1154-1157.
'UM1980-18-VO:Cu'
Formula: Cu4V2O9
Reference: Hughes, J.M., Birnie, R.W. (1980): Ziesite, β-Cu2V2O7, a new copper vanadate and fumarole temperature indicator. American Mineralogist: 65: 1146-1149
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Econ Geol (1980) 75:1053-1065
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gazel, E., & Caddick, M. J. (2014). Hydrothermal processes in partially serpentinized peridotites from Costa Rica: evidence from native copper and complex sulfide assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5), 1-21.; Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gill, B. C., Gazel, E., & Madrigal, P. (2016). Sulfur and carbon geochemistry of the Santa Elena peridotites: Comparing oceanic and continental processes during peridotite alteration. Lithos, 252, 92-108.
Wairakite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Raymond, J., Williams-Jones, A. E., Clark, J. R. (2005). Mineralization associated with scale and altered rock and pipe fragments from the Berlin geothermal field, El Salvador; implications for metal transport in natural systems. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 145 (1), 81-96.
'Xenotime'
'Zeolite Group'
Ziesite (TL)
Formula: β-Cu2(V2O7)
Type Locality:
Reference: [Amer.Min.(1980) 65, 1146-1149; MinRec 18:339]; Amer.Min.(1983) 68, 634-641
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Zunyite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Reference: https://www.royalroadminerals.com/res/img/headers/Los_Andes.pdf

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Selenium1.CC.10Se
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
var: Selen-tellurium1.CC.10(Te,Se)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aguilarite2.BA.55Ag4SeS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Freibergite2.GB.05(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Geffroyite ?2.BB.15(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Irarsite ?2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Jalpaite2.BA.45Ag3CuS2
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pararealgar2.FA.15bAs4S4
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Rickardite2.BA.30Cu7Te5
Ruarsite ?2.EB.20(Ru,Os)AsS
Samaniite2.BB.Cu2Fe5Ni2S8
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Smythite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Sugakiite2.BB.15Cu(Fe,Ni)8S8
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite3.AA.15Ag(Cl,Br)
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Bannermanite (TL)4.HF.05(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
var: Ferrian Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Emmonsite4.JM.10Fe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ilsemannite4.FJ.15Mo3O8 · nH2O
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Mandarinoite4.JH.15Fe3+2(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Black Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Precious Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Poughite4.JN.10Fe3+2(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Eye Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Fortification Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Moss Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Shcherbinaite4.HE.10V5+2O5
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Sassolite ?6.AA.05H3BO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alpersite7.CB.35(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
Alum-(Na)7.CC.20NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocyanite7.AB.10CuSO4
Despujolsite7.DF.25Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Eldfellite7.AC.15NaFe3+(SO4)2
Euchlorine7.BC.30KNaCu3(SO4)3O
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Khademite7.DB.10Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Kieserite7.CB.05MgSO4 · H2O
Lecontite (TL)7.CD.15(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Mendozite7.CC.15NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Mereiterite7.CC.55K2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Attakolite8.BH.60(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
Blossite (TL)8.FA.05α-Cu2(V2O7)
Brushite8.CJ.50Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Drugmanite8.BH.15Pb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Fingerite (TL)8.BB.80Cu11(VO4)6O2
Howardevansite (TL)8.AC.05NaCuFe2(VO4)3
Lyonsite (TL)8.AB.40Cu3Fe4(VO4)6
Mcbirneyite (TL)8.AB.35Cu3(VO4)2
Stoiberite (TL)8.BB.75Cu5(VO4)2O2
Tinsleyite8.DH.10KAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Ziesite (TL)8.FA.10β-Cu2(V2O7)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aerinite9.DB.45(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Banalsite9.FA.60Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Buddingtonite9.FA.30(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Pennine9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cowlesite9.GG.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Cymrite9.EG.05BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epistilbite9.GD.45CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Ferro-glaucophane9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Garronite-Ca9.GC.05Na2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Glaucophane9.DE.25◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Gobbinsite9.GC.05Na5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Gonnardite9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gyrolite9.EE.30NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Jadeite9.DA.25Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lawsonite9.BE.05CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline
var: Hyalophane
9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Phengite9.EC.15KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Offretite9.GD.25KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Okenite9.EA.40Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Omphacite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
var: Titanian Omphacite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fTi4+gFe2+hMgj)Si2O6
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Petedunnite9.DA.15Ca(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Preiswerkite9.EC.20NaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tschernichite9.GF.30(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Wairakite9.GB.05Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Zunyite9.BJ.55Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Alunite Supergroup'-AD3(XO4)2(OH)6
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'var: Phacolite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'K-alum'-
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lévyne'-
'Monazite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Phillipsite'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Taramite Root Name'-A(CaNa)(Z2+3Z3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Thallium'-Tl
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1963-02-PO:AlCaH'-CaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5•H2O
'UM1980-18-VO:Cu'-Cu4V2O9
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Iridium1.2.1.2(Ir,Os,Ru)
Osmium1.2.2.1(Os,Ir,Ru)
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Selenium1.3.4.1Se
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Aguilarite2.4.1.3Ag4SeS
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Jalpaite2.4.4.1Ag3CuS2
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Geffroyite ?2.7.1.6(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Samaniite2.7.2.4Cu2Fe5Ni2S8
Sugakiite2.7.2.2Cu(Fe,Ni)8S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pararealgar2.8.21.2As4S4
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Smythite2.8.10.2(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Irarsite ?2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ruarsite ?2.12.4.4(Ru,Os)AsS
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Miscellaneous
Rickardite2.16.15.1Cu7Te5
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Miscellaneous
Ilsemannite4.6.3.1Mo3O8 · nH2O
Shcherbinaite4.6.1.1V5+2O5
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
AmBn[XO3]p
Sassolite ?24.3.1.1H3BO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Chalcocyanite28.3.3.1CuSO4
Eldfellite28.3.4.2NaFe3+(SO4)2
Miscellaneous
Mereiterite28.4.3.3K2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Lecontite (TL)29.2.1.1(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Alum-(Na)29.5.5.2NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Mendozite29.5.4.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Kieserite29.6.2.1MgSO4 · H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Euchlorine30.3.1.1KNaCu3(SO4)3O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Despujolsite31.7.6.1Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Khademite31.9.11.1Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A2(XO3)3·xH2O
Emmonsite34.3.3.1Fe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Mandarinoite34.3.4.1Fe3+2(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
Compound Selenites, Tellurites and Sulfites
Poughite34.8.1.1Fe3+2(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Mcbirneyite (TL)38.3.10.1Cu3(VO4)2
Miscellaneous
Blossite (TL)38.5.6.1α-Cu2(V2O7)
Howardevansite (TL)38.5.3.1NaCuFe2(VO4)3
Lyonsite (TL)38.5.2.1Cu3Fe4(VO4)6
Ziesite (TL)38.5.5.2β-Cu2(V2O7)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Brushite39.1.1.1Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Stoiberite (TL)41.4.5.1Cu5(VO4)2O2
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Drugmanite41.10.11.1Pb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Miscellaneous
Fingerite (TL)41.11.3.1Cu11(VO4)6O2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Tinsleyite42.11.6.2KAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Attakolite43.4.13.1(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 47 - VANADIUM OXYSALTS
Hydrated Normal Vanadium Oxysalts
Bannermanite (TL)47.3.5.1(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Lawsonite56.2.3.1CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si5O16] groups
Zunyite57.3.1.1Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Jadeite65.1.3c.1Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Omphacite65.1.3b.1(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Petedunnite65.1.3a.5Ca(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Bustamite65.2.1.2CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Glaucophane66.1.3c.1◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Group 68 - INOSILICATES Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Aerinite68.1.3.1(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Preiswerkite71.2.2b.15NaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Okenite72.3.2.5Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double and single layers
Gyrolite73.2.2c.1NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Banalsite76.1.6.1Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Buddingtonite76.1.2.1(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Microcline
var: Hyalophane
76.1.1.3(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Cowlesite77.1.5.8CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Epistilbite77.1.6.2CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Garronite-Ca77.1.3.3Na2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Gobbinsite77.1.3.4Na5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Gonnardite77.1.5.7(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Lévyne'77.1.2.8
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Offretite77.1.2.4KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Tschernichite77.1.8.2(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
Wairakite77.1.1.3Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Cymrite78.1.3.1BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Alpersite-(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
'Alunite Supergroup'-AD3(XO4)2(OH)6
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
'Chabazite'-
'var: Phacolite'-
Chlorargyrite
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
-Ag(Cl,Br)
'Chlorite Group'-
Chromite
var: Ferrian Chromite
-Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
'Clays'-
Clinochlore
var: Pennine
-Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Ferro-glaucophane-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'K-alum'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Phengite
-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Omphacite
var: Titanian Omphacite
-(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fTi4+gFe2+hMgj)Si2O6
Opal
var: Black Opal
-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Precious Opal-SiO2 · nH2O
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Phillipsite'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Eye Agate-SiO2
var: Fortification Agate-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Moss Agate-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Taramite Root Name'-A(CaNa)(Z2+3Z3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Tellurium
var: Selen-tellurium
-(Te,Se)
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Thallium'-Tl
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1963-02-PO:AlCaH'-CaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5•H2O
'UM1980-18-VO:Cu'-Cu4V2O9
'Xenotime'-
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Lecontite(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H EmmonsiteFe23+(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
H MandarinoiteFe23+(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
H PoughiteFe23+(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2O
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
H EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
H Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
H Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
H OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
H Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
H Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe32+Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
H CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
H Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Taramite Root NameA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H IlsemanniteMo3O8 · nH2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
H MereiteriteK2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Alunite SupergroupAD3(XO4)2(OH)6
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H UM1963-02-PO:AlCaHCaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5•H2O
H Opal (var: Precious Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
H DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
H KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
H Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
H Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
H Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
H Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H TinsleyiteKAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Opal (var: Black Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H SassoliteH3BO3
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SassoliteH3BO3
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C GraphiteC
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
NNitrogen
N Lecontite(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
N Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
OOxygen
O LyonsiteCu3Fe4(VO4)6
O Ziesiteβ-Cu2(V2O7)
O Blossiteα-Cu2(V2O7)
O FingeriteCu11(VO4)6O2
O McbirneyiteCu3(VO4)2
O StoiberiteCu5(VO4)2O2
O Bannermanite(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
O HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3
O Lecontite(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ShcherbinaiteV25+O5
O EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O UM1980-18-VO:CuCu4V2O9
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O EmmonsiteFe23+(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O QuartzSiO2
O MandarinoiteFe23+(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
O PoughiteFe23+(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
O EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
O Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
O Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
O OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
O Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O RutileTiO2
O Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
O Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe32+Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
O Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O Taramite Root NameA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O Omphacite (var: Titanian Omphacite)(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Tig4+Feh2+Mgj)Si2O6
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2
O IlsemanniteMo3O8 · nH2O
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O CristobaliteSiO2
O SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
O MereiteriteK2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Alunite SupergroupAD3(XO4)2(OH)6
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O CupriteCu2O
O Chromite (var: Ferrian Chromite)Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O TridymiteSiO2
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
O Quartz (var: Moss Agate)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Fortification Agate)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Eye Agate)SiO2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O UM1963-02-PO:AlCaHCaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5•H2O
O Opal (var: Precious Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
O Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
O DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
O KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
O Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
O Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
O Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O TinsleyiteKAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O Opal (var: Black Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O TenoriteCuO
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O SassoliteH3BO3
FFluorine
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Taramite Root NameA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
F KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
NaSodium
Na Bannermanite(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Na HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3
Na Lecontite(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
Na EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
Na Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Na Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Na Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe32+Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Na ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Na PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Na Taramite Root NameA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Na BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Omphacite (var: Titanian Omphacite)(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Tig4+Feh2+Mgj)Si2O6
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Na GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Na Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Na Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Na Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na HaliteNaCl
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Mg CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Mg Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Omphacite (var: Titanian Omphacite)(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Tig4+Feh2+Mgj)Si2O6
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Mg Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
Mg Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Al EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Al Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
Al Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Al OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Al Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Al Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Al Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe32+Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Al CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Al Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Al ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al Taramite Root NameA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al Omphacite (var: Titanian Omphacite)(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Tig4+Feh2+Mgj)Si2O6
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al UM1963-02-PO:AlCaHCaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5•H2O
Al MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Al GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Al KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
Al Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Al Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Al Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al TinsleyiteKAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Si EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Si Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Si Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
Si Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Si OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Si Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Si Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Si Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe32+Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Si CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Si Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Si ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si Taramite Root NameA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si Omphacite (var: Titanian Omphacite)(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Tig4+Feh2+Mgj)Si2O6
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Si PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Si Quartz (var: Moss Agate)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Fortification Agate)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Eye Agate)SiO2
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Opal (var: Precious Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
Si GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Si Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Si Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Opal (var: Black Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
P UM1963-02-PO:AlCaHCaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5•H2O
P BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
P DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
P Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
P TinsleyiteKAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SSulfur
S Lecontite(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
S EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S PoughiteFe23+(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2O
S AcanthiteAg2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S MarcasiteFeS2
S RealgarAs4S4
S PararealgarAs4S4
S CovelliteCuS
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S DigeniteCu9S5
S AguilariteAg4SeS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S StephaniteAg5SbS4
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
S MereiteriteK2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S SulphurS8
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S JalpaiteAg3CuS2
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S LauriteRuS2
S ErlichmaniteOsS2
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S SamaniiteCu2Fe5Ni2S8
S SugakiiteCu(Fe,Ni)8S8
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
S PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
S TroiliteFeS
S IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
S Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
S DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
S Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
S Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsS
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl Taramite Root NameA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
KPotassium
K Bannermanite(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
K Lecontite(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
K EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
K OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
K Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
K Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MereiteriteK2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K TinsleyiteKAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Ca CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Ca EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Ca Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
Ca Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Ca OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Ca Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Ca Taramite Root NameA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Omphacite (var: Titanian Omphacite)(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Tig4+Feh2+Mgj)Si2O6
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca UM1963-02-PO:AlCaHCaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5•H2O
Ca DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Ca Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Ca BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
Ca Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Omphacite (var: Titanian Omphacite)(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Tig4+Feh2+Mgj)Si2O6
VVanadium
V LyonsiteCu3Fe4(VO4)6
V Ziesiteβ-Cu2(V2O7)
V Blossiteα-Cu2(V2O7)
V FingeriteCu11(VO4)6O2
V McbirneyiteCu3(VO4)2
V StoiberiteCu5(VO4)2O2
V Bannermanite(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
V HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3
V ShcherbinaiteV25+O5
V UM1980-18-VO:CuCu4V2O9
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr Chromite (var: Ferrian Chromite)Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
MnManganese
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
FeIron
Fe LyonsiteCu3Fe4(VO4)6
Fe HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe EmmonsiteFe23+(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Fe MandarinoiteFe23+(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
Fe PoughiteFe23+(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Fe Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Fe Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe32+Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Omphacite (var: Titanian Omphacite)(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Tig4+Feh2+Mgj)Si2O6
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
Fe MereiteriteK2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Chromite (var: Ferrian Chromite)Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe SamaniiteCu2Fe5Ni2S8
Fe SugakiiteCu(Fe,Ni)8S8
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe IronFe
Fe Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Fe DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Geffroyite(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
CoCobalt
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni HeazlewooditeNi3S2
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni SamaniiteCu2Fe5Ni2S8
Ni SugakiiteCu(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Ni Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
CuCopper
Cu LyonsiteCu3Fe4(VO4)6
Cu Ziesiteβ-Cu2(V2O7)
Cu Blossiteα-Cu2(V2O7)
Cu FingeriteCu11(VO4)6O2
Cu McbirneyiteCu3(VO4)2
Cu StoiberiteCu5(VO4)2O2
Cu HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3
Cu EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
Cu ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu UM1980-18-VO:CuCu4V2O9
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu RickarditeCu7Te5
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu JalpaiteAg3CuS2
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu SamaniiteCu2Fe5Ni2S8
Cu SugakiiteCu(Fe,Ni)8S8
Cu IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Cu Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu Geffroyite(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ArsenicAs
As RealgarAs4S4
As PararealgarAs4S4
As ArsenoliteAs2O3
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
As Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
As Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsS
SeSelenium
Se Tellurium (var: Selen-tellurium)(Te,Se)
Se MandarinoiteFe23+(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
Se AguilariteAg4SeS
Se SeleniumSe
Se Geffroyite(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
BrBromine
Br Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Mo IlsemanniteMo3O8 · nH2O
RuRuthenium
Ru LauriteRuS2
Ru Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Ru Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsS
RhRhodium
Rh Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag AguilariteAg4SeS
Ag SilverAg
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag StephaniteAg5SbS4
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
Ag JalpaiteAg3CuS2
Ag Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Ag Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag Geffroyite(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb StephaniteAg5SbS4
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Sb Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
TeTellurium
Te EmmonsiteFe23+(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Te Tellurium (var: Selen-tellurium)(Te,Se)
Te TelluriumTe
Te PoughiteFe23+(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2O
Te AltaitePbTe
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
Te RickarditeCu7Te5
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ba CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Ba Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ba BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
OsOsmium
Os ErlichmaniteOsS2
Os Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
Os Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsS
IrIridium
Ir Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ir Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
PtPlatinum
Pt PlatinumPt
Pt Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
TlThallium
Tl ThalliumTl
PbLead
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3

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