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Turkestani
Regional Level Types
TurkestanArea (Historical)

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Key
Locality type:
Area (Historical) - last checked 2019
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Ürümqi3,029,372 (2017)
Almaty2,000,900 (2016)
Tashkent1,978,028 (2017)
Bishkek900,000 (2015)
Ashgabat727,700 (2018)
Dushanbe679,400 (2016)
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Turkistan


A historical area referring to the "Land of the Turks" in Central Asia. It dates back to at least the third millennium BC.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

924 valid minerals. 125 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 5 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

'Adamellite'

Agglomerate

'Alaskite'

'Albitophyre'

Amphibolite

Andesite

'Anomalous IIIE iron meteorite'

'Aplite'

Basalt

Basaltoid

Bauxite

'Bentonite'

Beresite

'Biotite gneiss'

'Biotite granite'

Blueschist

'Borolanite'

Boulders

Breccia

CV3 chondrite meteorite

Camptonite

Carbonatite

Chert

Chromitite

Clay

Coal

Conglomerate

Contact-marble

'Copper ore'

Dacite

Diamictite

Diatomite

Diorite

'Dolerite'

Dolostone

Dunite

Eclogite

'Endoskarn'

'Essexite'

'Exoskarn'

'Felsite'

Fenite

Fergusite

Fine-grained ("volcanic") normal crystalline igneous rock

Foidolite

Gabbro

Gneiss

Granite

Granitoid

Granodiorite

'Granosyenite'

Granulite

Greisen

'Greywacke'

'H3.8 chondrite meteorite'

H5 chondrite meteorite

Harzburgite

Hornfels

IIIAB iron meteorite

IIIE iron meteorite

'Jade'

'LL3-6 chondrite meteorite'

Lamprophyre

'Lapis lazuli'

'Leucogranite'

Limestone

'Magnesian Limestone'

'Magnetite skarn'

Marble

'Marl'

Metaconglomerate

Metagabbro

Metasomatic-rock

'Mica schist'

Migmatite

Monzodiorite

Monzogabbro

Monzogranite

Monzonite

Nepheline-syenite

Nephrite

'Ophiolite'

PMG pallasite meteorite

Paragneiss

'Pegmatite'

'Pegmatitic granite'

Peridotite

Phosphorite

Phyllite

Picrite

'Porphyry'

'Quartz porphyry'

Quartz-monzodiorite

Quartz-monzonite

Quartz-syenite

Quartzite

Rhyolite

'Riebeckite granite'

'Sand-grade limestone'

Sandstone

Schist

Sedimentary breccia

Serpentinite

Shale

Shoshonite

Skarn

Slate

Syenite

'Tinguaite'

Tonalite

Trachyandesite

Trachyte

Travertine

Troctolite

Tuff

Tuffaceous-sandstone

Tuffaceous-siltstone

'Ultramafic-rock'

Volcanic breccia

Wacke

Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
'Ablykite'
Reference: Mineral Magazine (1943) 26:334
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
Actinolite var: Smaragdite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Zhou, M.-F., Robinson, P.T., Malpas, J., Sun, M., Aitchison, J., Bai, W.J., Hu, X.-F., and Yang, J.-S. (2001): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 19(4), 517-534.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Reference: Sokol, A.K. & 4 others (2007) Late accretion and lithification of chondritic parent bodies: Mg isotope studies on fragments from primitive chondrites and chondritic breccias: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 42(7/8):1291-1308. (Jul/Aug2007).
'Aeschynite'
Reference: Podolskii, A.M., Grigoriev, I.F., Riabeva, E.F., Yurkina, K.V. (1988): Alteration of aeschynite from greisens in central Kazakhstan. Izvestiya Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Geologia i Razvedka: 1988(9): 38-43 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1990): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 75: 1213
Afghanite
Formula: (Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52
Agrellite
Formula: NaCa2Si4O10F
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Akopovaite (TL)
Formula: Al4Li2(OH)12(CO3)(H2O)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Karpenko, V.Y., Pautov, L.A., Zhitova, E.S., Agakhanov, A.A., Krzhizhanovskaya, M.G., Siidra, O.I. and Rassulov, V.A. (2018) Akopovaite, IMA 2018-095. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82, xxxx–xxxx.
Aktashite
Formula: Cu6Hg3As4S12
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Alacránite
Formula: As8S9
Reference: Bindi, L., Pratesi, G., Muniz-Miranda, M., Zoppi, M., Chelazzi, L., Lepore, G. O., & Menchetti, S. (2015). From ancient pigments to modern optoelectronic applications of arsenic sulfides: bonazziite, the natural analogue of β-As4S4 from Khaidarkan deposit, Kyrgyzstan. Mineralogical Magazine, 79(1), 121-131.
'Alaite'
Formula: V2O5 · H2O
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]; Karpenko et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp37-43
Alamosite
Formula: PbSiO3
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016): Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).
'Alaskaite'
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 175 localities in this region.
Albite var: Albite Moonstone
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase-Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Soloviev, S. G., Kryazhev, S. G., & Dvurechenskaya, S. S. (2019). Genesis of the Maikhura tungsten-tin skarn deposit, Tajik Tien Shan: Insights from petrology, mineralogy, and fluid inclusion study. Ore Geology Reviews, 104, 561-588.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
Aleksandrovite (TL)
Formula: KCa7Sn2Li3Si12O36F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Karpenko, V.Yu. & Gafurov, F.G. (2010) Aleksandrovite KLi3Ca7Sn2[Si6O18]2F2 — a new tin mineral. Novye dannye o mineralakh, 45, 5–16 (in Russian). New data on minerals, 45, 5–16 (in English).
Aliettite
Formula: Ca0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Description: Pseudomorph after wollastonite
Reference: Nikita V. Chukanov (2013) Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library. Springer p440
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Allargentum
Formula: (Ag1-xSbx)
Alleghanyite
Formula: Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Pautov L.A., Khvorov P.V., Ignatenko K.I. Alleganyte from rhodonite rocks of Inylchek range (the first description of alleganyte from USSR), - Novye dannye o mineralah SSSR (New data on minerals of USSR), Moscow, Nauka, 1989, p. 162-166.
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'
Reference: Li Zi-Long et al. , Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE, 2004 5(10), pp. 1180-1182.
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Reference: Konovalenko, S.I., Ananyev, S.A., Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Aksenov, S.M., Baeva, A.A., Gainov, R.R., Vagizov, F.G., Lopatin, O.N., Nebera, T.S. (2015): A new mineral species rossovskyite, (Fe3+,Ta)(Nb,Ti)O4: crystal chemistry and physical properties. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 42, 825-833
'α-Brass'
Formula: Cu3Zn
Reference: Li, B., Xue, X., and Yi, S. (1989): Geol. Lab. 5(4), 239-241.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Alum Group'
Formula: XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Reference: Ankinovich, E.A, Bekenova, G.K., Shabanova, T.A., Zazubina, I.S., and Sandomirskaya, S.M. (1997): Mitryaevaite, Al10((PO4)8.7(SO3OH)1.3)10AlF3.3OH2O, a new mineral species from a Cambrian carbonaceous chert formation, Karatau Range and Zhabagly Mountains, Southern Kazakhstan. Canadian Mineralogist 35(6), 1415-1419.
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Alvanite (TL)
Formula: ZnAl4(V5+O3)2(OH)12 · 2H2O
Habit: Rosettes
Colour: Light blue-green
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Andesine-oligoclase'
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Ankerite var: Manganoan Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mn,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Filippov, A. G., & TSIBANOV, V. (2013). Kan-i-Gut Cave Mine in Kyrgyzstan/La Grotta Miniera di Kan-i-Gut in Kyrgyzstan. Mine Caves/Grotte di Miniera. Memorie Instituto Italiano di Speleologia, 79-95.
Ankinovichite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Zn)Al4(V5+O3)2(OH)12 · 2.5H2O
Reference: Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society, 133(2), 2004, pp 59–70.; Karpenko, V. Y., Pautov, L. A., Agakhanov, A. A., & Bekenova, G. K. (2011). Mannardite from vanadium-bearing schists of Kazakhstan and Central Asia. New Data on Minerals, 46, 25-33.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 72 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Aramayoite
Formula: Ag3Sb2(Bi,Sb)S6
Arapovite (TL)
Formula: (K1-xx)(Ca,Na)2U4+Si8O20 (x ~ 0.5)
Type Locality:
Reference: Yu. A. Uvarova et al.: Canadian Mineralogist 42:1005-1011 (2004)
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: Benhai Li, Shuangting Yi, and Xiudi Xue (1991): Xinjiang Geology 9(4); Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
Arsenic
Formula: As
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy.; Amer.Min.(1963) 48, 210-211
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 123 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Reference: Rui Wang and Yongfeng Zhu (2007): Geological Journal of China Universities 13(3), 590-602
Arsenuranospathite
Formula: Al(UO2)2(AsO4)2F · 20H2O
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Arsenuranylite (TL)
Formula: Ca(UO2)4(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Frost, R. L., Cejka, J., & Dickfos, M. J. (2009). Raman spectroscopic study of the uranyl minerals vanmeersscheite U (OH) 4 [(UO2) 3 (PO4) 2 (OH) 2]. 4H2O and arsenouranylite Ca (UO2)[(UO2) 3 (AsO4) 2 (OH) 2].(OH) 2.6 H2O. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 71(5), 1799-1803.
'Asbestos'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Description: Locality erroneously given as Kara-Chagyra, Uzbekistan.
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 26
'Ashanite'
Formula: (Nb,Ta,U,Fe,Mn)4O8
Aspidolite
Formula: NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Genyong Peng, John Lewis, Bruce Lipin, James McGee, Peisheng Bao, Xibin Wang (1995) Inclusions of phlogopite and phlogopite hydrates in chromium from the Hongguleleng ophiolite in Xinjiang, northwest China. American Mineralogist 80:1307-1316
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: www.meteoriticalsociety.org/bulletin/mb89preview.pdf.
Augite var: Soda-Augite
Reference: Zhang, J.X. et al. (2001): Lithos 56, 187-206.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Avicennite (TL)
Formula: Tl2O3
Type Locality:
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 30; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Axinite Group'
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 57 localities in this region.
Badakhshanite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y2Mn4Al(Si2B7BeO24)
Type Locality:
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Mirakov, M.A., Cámara Artigas, F., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Schodibekov, M.A. and Karpenko, V.Y. (2018) Badakhshanite-(Y), IMA 2018-085. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82, xxxx–xxxx
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Vrublevskii, V. V., Morova, A. A., Bukharova, O. V., & Konovalenko, S. I. (2017). Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Triassic Carbonatites in the Matcha Alkaline Intrusive Complex (Turkestan-Alai Ridge, Kyrgyz Southern Tien Shan), SW Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences.; Vrublevskii, V. V. (2017, December). Origin of carbonatites of the Matcha alkaline pluton from Turkestan-Alai ridge, Kyrgyz Southern Tien Shan. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 110, No. 1, p. 012023). IOP Publishing.; Vrublevskii, V. V., Morova, A. A., Bukharova, O. V., & Konovalenko, S. I. (2018). Mineralogy and geochemistry of triassic carbonatites in the Matcha alkaline intrusive complex (Turkestan-Alai Ridge, Kyrgyz Southern Tien Shan), SW Central Asian orogenic belt. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 153, 252-281.
Bafertisite
Formula: Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Bairdite
Formula: Pb2Cu2+4Te6+2O10(OH)2(SO4)•H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2018
Baotite
Formula: Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Baratovite (TL)
Formula: KCa7(Ti,Zr)2Li3Si12O36F2
Description: Plates in quartz-albite-aegirin vein syenite.
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2005): Senkevichite, CsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18(OH)], a new mineral. New Data on Minerals, 40, 11-16; Agakhanov A.A., Pautov L.A., Karpenko V.Yu., Bekenova G.K., Uvarova Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Mineral Data 46:13-19
Barberiite
Formula: (NH4)[BF4]
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Barnesite
Formula: (Na,Ca)V6O16 · 3H2O
Barroisite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Barylite
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 98 localities in this region.
Bassanite
Formula: Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Reference: Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55; Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic mineral deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Bassetite
Formula: Fe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y(CO3)F
Reference: American Mineralogist (1972) 57, 594 ; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Baumhauerite
Formula: Pb12As16S36
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bazirite
Formula: BaZr(Si3O9)
Bearsite (TL)
Formula: Be2(AsO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1963) 48, 210-211
Benjaminite
Formula: Ag3Bi7S12
Berezanskite (TL)
Formula: K□2Li3(Ti,Zr,Sn)2[Si12O30]
Type Locality:
Description: In a pegmatitic block on moraine of Dara-i-Pioz glacier.
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 42:107-119 (2004); Karpenko, V., & Pautov, L. (2002). Formation of baotite in alcaline rocks of a moraine of Dara-i-Pioz glacier, Tadjikistan. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte, 2002(10), 459-467.
Berryite
Formula: Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: Gromova, E. I.; Glotov, A. M.; Khrenov, V. A.; Lipskaya, V. I. (1980): Gold-​silver-​antimony mineralization in Charmitan deposits. Uzbekiston Geologiya Zhurnali 1980 (5), 8-11 (in Russian).
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Minghua Zheng, Jiajun Liu, Shouting Zhang, and Xunrong Long (2002): Geology and Resources 11(3), 140-146; Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Cook, N.J., Xunrong Long, Jun Deng, and Yusheng Zhai (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 125-156
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Alkali-beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Oleg Lopatkin
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Yinlin Feng and Xiaopo Jiang (1987): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 6(4), 344-351
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Berzelianite
Formula: Cu2Se
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Betpakdalite-CaCa
Formula: [Ca2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O36(OH)]
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Betpakdalite-NaCa (TL)
Formula: [Na2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O34(OH)3]
Type Locality:
Reference: Skvortsova K V, Sidorenko G A, Nesterova Y S, Arapova G A, Dara A D, Rybakova L I (1971) Sodium betpakdalite and conditions of its formation. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 100, issue 5, 603-611; Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Rumsey, M.S., Dini, M., Birch, W.D., Spratt, J., Pluth, J.J., Steele, I.M., Jenkins, R.A., Pinch, W.W. (2012): The heteropolymolybdate family: structural relations, nomenclature scheme and new species. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1175-1207
Beusite
Formula: Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
Reference: Jastrzębski, W., Sitarz, M., Rokita, M., & Bułat, K. (2011). Infrared spectroscopy of different phosphates structures. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 79(4), 722-727.; Handbook of Mineralogy
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bezsmertnovite
Formula: (Au,Ag)4Cu(Te,Pb)
Reference: Глоба В.А. Месторождение Манка - новый геолого-промышленный тип месторождений золота. // Изв. НАН РК, Сер. геол. 2006, 5(403), с.20-28.
Bilibinskite
Formula: PbCu2Au3Te2
Bílinite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Uklonskiy, A.S. [Уклонский, А.С.] (1964) Geochemistry of native sulphur [К геохимии самородной серы]. Uzbek Geological Journal [Uzbekskiy Geologicheskiy Zhurnal, Узбекский геологический журнал], 6, 5-10; Uklonskiy, A.S. [Уклонский, А.С.] (1982) Geochemistry of native sulphur [К геохимии самородной серы]. In: Problems of mineralogy and geochemistry. Selected papers [Проблемы минералогии и геохимии. Избранные труды]. Uzbek SSR Branch, Academy of Sciences Press [Издательство "Фан" Узбекской ССР], Tashkent, 66-71.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Mozgova N.I., Borodaev Yu.S., Senderova V.M. (1967) DAN SSSR, v. 173, p.1418.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 143 localities in this region.
'Biotite var: Titanian Biotite'
Reference: Li Zi-Long et al. , Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE, 2004 5(10), pp. 1180-1182.
Birunite
Formula: Ca18(SiO3)8.5(CO3)8.5SO4 · 15H2O(?)
Reference: Badalov, S.T. & Golovanov, I.M. (1957): Birunite - a new mineral of the thaumasite group. Doklady Akademii Nauk Uzbekistan SSR, 12, 17-21 (in Russian).
Bischofite
Formula: MgCl2 · 6H2O
Reference: Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
'Bismuthinite-Stibnite Series'
'Bismuthinite-Stibnite Series var: Horobetsuite'
Formula: (Bi,Sb)2S3 to (Sb,Bi)2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bismutite var: Hydrobismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3 · 2-3H2O
Reference: Potseluev, A.A., Babkin, D.I., and Kotegov, V.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(5), 384-401.
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: http://www.smartminerals.com/cina2004/art_China_localities.htm
'Bismutopyrochlore (of Chukanov et al.)' (FRL)
Formula: (Bi,Ca,U,Pb)2-xNb2(O,OH)6(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Skrigitil, A.M., Kuzimina, O.V. & Zadov, A.E. (1999): Bismutopyrochlore (Bi,U,Ca,Pb)1+x(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH)•nH2O – a new mineral from the Mika pegmatite vein (eastern Pamirs). Zapiski Vsesoyuznoye Mineralogichestogo Obshchestvo: 128(4):36-41(in Russian); AmMin 85:1561]
Bismutotantalite
Formula: Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 65
'Bitumen'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Bogdanovite
Formula: (Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
Reference: Глоба В.А. Месторождение Манка - новый геолого-промышленный тип месторождений золота. // Изв. НАН РК, Сер. геол. 2006, 5(403), с.20-28.
Bohdanowiczite
Formula: AgBiSe2
Reference: Rustam Koneev, Evgeniy Ignatikov, Arpay Turesebekov, Umid Aripov, Rustam Khalmatov, Obidjon Kodirov, Miraziz Usmanov (2005) Gold ore deposits of Uzbekistan: Geochemistry and nanomineralogy of tellurium and selenium. IGCP Project 486, 2005 Field Workshop, Kiten, Bulgaria, 14-19 September 2005
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Atali A. Agakhanov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp23-28
Bokite (TL)
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)1.3(V5+,V4+,Fe3+)8O20 · 7.4H2O
Reference: ZVMO,(1963) 92, 51-59; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Boleite
Formula: KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Bonattite
Formula: CuSO4 · 3H2O
Reference: Chunqi Wen, Xinhuang Xu, and Yanshi Mao (2002): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 32(9), 29-32
Bonazziite (TL)
Formula: As4S4
Type Locality:
Reference: Bindi, L., Pratesi, G., Muniz- Miranda, M., Zoppi, M., Chelazzi, L., Lepore, G.O. and Menchetti, S. (2014) Bonazziite, IMA 2013-141. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 554; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558.
'Bonazziite-Alacranite Series'
Reference: Bindi, L., Pratesi, G., Muniz-Miranda, M., Zoppi, M., Chelazzi, L., Lepore, G. O., & Menchetti, S. (2015). From ancient pigments to modern optoelectronic applications of arsenic sulfides: bonazziite, the natural analogue of β-As4S4 from Khaidarkan deposit, Kyrgyzstan. Mineralogical Magazine, 79(1), 121-131.
Borax
Formula: Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 91 localities in this region.
'Borocalcite'
Reference: Renyi Chen, Haiguang Liu, and Wenyi Ma (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(1), 26-31
Boromuscovite
Formula: KAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Nikita V. Chukanov (2014) Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library. Springer
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Boussingaultite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: D.I.Belakovskiy data
'Brabantite'
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Description: According to the Handbook of Mineralogy, the reference lists Brabantite from an undisclosed locality within Xinjiang. However, the associated minerals, especially the hafnian zircone, are only reported from the Koktokay no. 3 pegmatite.
Reference: Wang Xianjue (1978): Kexue Tongbao 23, 743–745 (in Chinese).
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Reference: Guofan Liu, Guangbin Zhu, Jinduo Chen, Zhenjun Yang, and Shuang Qin (2005): Geology and Resources 14(1), 28-32
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Brannockite
Formula: (K,Na)□2Li3(Sn,Zr,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Reference: Agakhanov, Atali A., Leonid A. Pautov, Elena Sokolova, Yassir A. Abdu, and Vladimir Y. Karpenko. "Two Astrophyllite-Supergroup Minerals: Bulgakite, A New Mineral From the Darai-Pioz Alkaline Massif, Tajikistan and Revision of the Crystal Structure and Chemical Formula of Nalivkinite." The Canadian Mineralogist 54, no. 1 (2016): 33-48.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brownmillerite
Formula: Ca2(Al,Fe3+)2O5
Reference: Jingwen Mao, Pirajno, F., Zuoheng Zang, Fengmei Chai, Hua Wu, Shiping Chen, Linsong Cheng, Jianmin Yang, and Changqing Zhang (2007): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (in press).
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Zhu, Y., Tan, J., & Qiu, T. (2016). Platinum group mineral (PGM) and Fe–Ni–As–S minerals in the Sartohay chromitite, Xinjiang (NW China): Implications for the mobility of Os, Ir, Sb, and As during hydrothermal processes. Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 299-312.
Bulgakite (TL)
Formula: Li2(Ca,Na)Fe2+7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4(F,O)(H2O)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C. and Karpenko, V.Y. (2014) Bulgakite, IMA 2014-041. CNMNC Newsletter No. 22, October 2014, page 1242; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1241-1248; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y.A., Karpenko, V.Y. (2016): Two Astrophyllite-Supergroup Minerals: Bulgakite, A New Mineral From the Darai-Pioz Alkaline Massif, Tajikistan and Revision of the Crystal Structure and Chemical Formula of Nalivkinite. Canadian Mineralogist: 54: 33-48.
Byzantievite (TL)
Formula: Ba5(Ca,REE,Y)22(Ti,Nb)18(SiO4)4[(PO4, SiO4)]4(BO3)9O22[(OH),F]43(H2O)1.5
Reference: IMA Approvals - April 2009; Pautov L.A., Agakhanov A.A., Sokolova E.V., Hawthorne F., Karpenko V.Yu. (2011) Byzantievite, Ba5(Ca,REE,Y)22(Ti,Nb)18(SiO4)4[(PO4),(SiO4)]4(BO3)9O21[(OH),F]43(H2O)1.5, a new mineral. New Data on Minerals 46:5-12
'Cacholong'
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Pechenkin, V.G., and Pechenkin, I.G. (2005): Lithology and Mineral Resources 40(5), 462-471.
'Caesium-Biotite'
Reference: http://wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-220/DATABASE/lode_deposits.txt
'Calamine'
Reference: http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn240
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Calciouranoite
Formula: (Ca,Ba,Pb)U2O7 · 5H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Calcioursilite (TL)
Formula: Ca4(UO2)4(Si2O5)5(OH)6 · 15H2O
Reference: ZVMO (1977) 106, 533; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 278 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Ferroan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Mg-rich Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)CO3
Reference: Daqian Hu, Yixing He, and Jie Yao (1992): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 7(3)
Calcurmolite
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(UO2)3Mo2(O,OH)11 · nH2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Galina A. Sidorenko et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp29-36
'Calcybeborosilite-(Y)' (FRL)
Formula: (Y,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)(B,Be)2[SiO4]2(OH,O)2
Type Locality:
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pautov L.A., Agakhanov A.A., Sokolova E.V., Hawthorne F., Karpenko V.Yu. (2011) Byzantievite, Ba5(Ca,REE,Y)22(Ti,Nb)18(SiO4)4[(PO4),(SiO4)]4(BO3)9O21[(OH),F]43(H2O)1.5, a new mineral. New Data on Minerals 46:5-12
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2015
Calomel
Formula: (Hg2)2+Cl2
Cámaraite (TL)
Formula: Ba3Na(Fe2+,Mn)8Ti4(Si2O7)4O4(OH,F)7
Type Locality:
Reference: IMA Approvals - May 2009 Sokolova, E., Y. Abdu, F.C. Hawthorne, A.V. Stepanov, G.K. Bekenova, and P.E. Kotel’nikov (2009) Cámaraite, Ba3NaTi4(Fe2+,Mn)8(Si2O7)4O4(OH,F)7. I. A new Ti-silicate mineral from the Verkhnee Espe Deposit, Akjailyautas Mountains, Kazakhstan. Mineralogical Magazine, 73, 847–854.; Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y., Hawthorne, F. C., Stepanov, A. V., Bekenova, G. K., & Kotel’nikov, P. E. (2009). Camaraite, Ba3NaTi4 (Fe2+, Mn) 8 (Si2O7) 4O4 (OH, F) 7. I. A new Ti-silicate mineral from the Verkhnee Espe Deposit, Akjailyautas Mountains, Kazakhstan.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Cappelenite-(Y)
Formula: Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2
Caracolite
Formula: Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Reference: Kaiyin Bai and Zhaoxin Han (2007): Northwestern Geology 40(2), 114-117
Carbokentbrooksite (TL)
Formula: Na11-12(Na,Ce)3Ca6Mn3Zr3Nb[(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2SiO](OH)3(CO3) · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: A.P. Khomyakov et al.: ZVMO 132(5):40-51 (2004)
Carbonatecyanotrichite (TL)
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: ZVMO,(1963) 92, 458-463; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Brent Thorne collection
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Carnotite var: Thallian Carnotite
Formula: (K,Tl)2(UO2)2[VO4]2 · 3H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Reference: Kezhang Qin, Lianchang Zhang, Kuishou Ding, Yingxia Xu, Dongmei Jang, Xingwang Xu, Tianlin Ma, and Guangming Li (2009): Acta Petrologica Sinica 15(4), 845-861
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Cavoite
Formula: CaV4+3O7
Description: On-line version of Handbook page (http://rruff.info/doclib/hom/cavoite.pdf) is in fact that of cerianite-(Ce).
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Chunzeng Wang, Jinfu Lin, and Kaiqiu Dai (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36(5), 458-464.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Celestine var: Barian Celestine
Formula: (Sr,Ba)SO4
Reference: United States Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Resources Data
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: Rustam Koneev, Evgeniy Ignatikov, Arpay Turesebekov, Umid Aripov, Rustam Khalmatov, Obidjon Kodirov, Miraziz Usmanov (2005) Gold ore deposits of Uzbekistan: Geochemistry and nanomineralogy of tellurium and selenium. IGCP Project 486, 2005 Field Workshop, Kiten, Bulgaria, 14-19 September 2005
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 94 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 308 localities in this region.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chapmanite
Formula: Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Chatkalite (TL)
Formula: Cu6FeSn2S8
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineral.Zhurnal,(1981) 3, n5, 79-86; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Cheralite
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Reference: Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48
Chernikovite (TL)
Formula: (H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Chernovite-(Y)
Formula: Y(AsO4)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Chernykhite (TL)
Formula: (Ba,Na)(V3+,Al,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2
Reference: ZVMO,(1972) 101, 451-458; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
'Chevkinite Group'
Reference: N. MALYUKOVA , (2014) Zoning of Polymetallic Rare-earth and Rare-metal Deposits in the Ak-Tyuz Ore Field (Northern Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan). Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), 88(supp. 2): 451-453.
Chistyakovaite (TL)
Formula: Al(UO2)2(AsO4)2(F,OH) · 6.5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov, N. V., Sidorenko, G. A., Naumova, I. S., Zadov, A. E., Kuz’min, V. I. (2006): Chistyakovaite, a new mineral Al(UO2)2(AsO4)2(F,OH)·6.5H2O. Transactions (Doklady) of the Russian Academy of Sciences/Earth Science Section 407, 290-293
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Bischoff, A (1993) Alkali-granitoids as fragments within the ordinary chondrite Adzhi-Bogdo: Evidence for highly fractionated, alkali-granitic liquids on asteroids. In :Twenty-fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 1: A-F:113-114.; Sokol, A.K. & 4 others (2007) Late accretion and lithification of chondritic parent bodies: Mg isotope studies on fragments from primitive chondrites and chondritic breccias: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 42(7/8):1291-1308. (Jul/Aug2007).
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite var: Iodembolite
Reference: Chebotarev, G. M.; Volkov, Yu. A. (1989): Iodembolite and minerals paragenetic to it from the Mardzhanbulak ore deposit (western Uzbekistan). Zap. Uzbekistan. Otdeleniya Vses. Mineral. O-va AN uzSSR 1989 (42), 71-74 (in Russian).
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 267 localities in this region.
Chloroxiphite
Formula: Pb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
Reference: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1060/PorCu.txt
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Chromite var: Ferrian Chromite
Formula: Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
Reference: Zhu, Q., & Zhu, Y. (2019). Platinum-group minerals and Fe–Ni minerals in the Sartohay podiform chromitite (west Junggar, China): implications for T–pH–fO2–fS2 conditions during hydrothermal alteration. Ore Geology Reviews, 103020.
Chromium
Formula: Cr
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
'Chrysolite'
Reference: Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chursinite (TL)
Formula: (Hg+2)0.5Hg2+(AsO4)
Reference: [ZVMO,(1984) 113, 341-347; Lapis 11:11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Clays'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Clinoatacamite ?
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Description: Bai & Han (2007) reported paratacamite as occurring here, but the mineral is zinc-free and may be clinoatacamite instead.
Reference: Kaiyin Bai and Zhaoxin Han (2007): Northwestern Geology 40(2), 114-117
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: A. V. Voloshin, Y. A. Pakhomovskii, V. I. Stepanov, and E. N. Tyusheva (1983): Natrobistantite (Na,Cs)Bi(Ta,Nb,Sb)4O12 - New mineral from granite pegmatites. Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal: 5(2): 82-86.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Reference: Zhou, M.-F., Robinson, P.T., Malpas, J., Sun, M., Aitchison, J., Bai, W.J., Hu, X.-F., and Yang, J.-S. (2001): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 19(4), 517-534.
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinoferrosilite
Formula: Fe2+SiO3
Reference: Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. and Belakovskii, D.I. (2009): Fayalite-sekaninaite paralava from the Ravat coal fire (central Tajikistan). Russian Geology and Geophysics 50, 703-721.
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
'Clinoptilolite'
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Coconinoite
Formula: Fe3+2Al2(UO2)2(PO4)4(SO4)(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Belova, L. N.; Gorshkov, A. I.; Doinikova, O. A.; Mokhov, A. V.; Trubkin, N. V.; Sivtsov, A. V. (1993): New data on coconinoite. Doklady Akademii Nauk 329, 772-775 [Mineral.]. (In Russian.) ; Handbook of Mineralogy
'Coeruleolactite'
Reference: Mineraly Uzbekistana(Minerals of the Uzbekistan) - izd."FAN" UzbSSR-vol.1-4 - 1976-1977
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Zhang Anda, Liu Liang, Sun Yong, Chen Danling, Wang Yan, and Luo Jinhai (2004): Chinese Science Bulletin 49(23), 2527-2532.
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Tantalite-(Fe) Series'
Reference: Xizhong Miao (1997): Journal of Xinjiang University 14(4), 87-90
Columbite-(Mg) (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Type Locality:
Reference: [Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p126]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Mineraly Uzbekistana(Minerals of the Uzbekistan) - izd."FAN" UzbSSR-vol.1-4 - 1976-1977
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Yingxia Xu, Kezhang Qin, Kuishou Ding, Yu Miao, Tonghui Fang, Xingwang Xu, and He Sun (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(1), 58-69
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: Yingxia Xu, Kezhang Qin, Kuishou Ding, Yu Miao, Tonghui Fang, Xingwang Xu, and He Sun (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(1), 58-69; Kezhang Qin, Kuishou Ding, Yingxia Xu, Yu Miao, Tonghui Fang, and Xingwang Xu (2008): Acta Petrologica Sinica 24(5), 1112-1122
Corderoite
Formula: Hg2+3S2Cl2
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Kotlyarov, V.A., Fadina, I.B. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 583-589.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Corvusite
Formula: (Na,K,Ca,Mg)2(V5+,V4+,Fe2+)8O20 · 6-10H2O
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 69 localities in this region.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Crocoite
Formula: PbCrO4
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
'Crossite'
Cryolite
Formula: Na2NaAlF6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Cryptohalite
Formula: (NH4)2[SiF6]
Habit: cryptocrystalline (somewhat botryoidal) masses with sulfur
Colour: light yellow (masses)
Description: Occurs as encrustations on rocks
Reference: PXRD
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Reference: Lebedev, L.M., Nikitina, J.B. (1983): The Cheleken ore forming system. Russ. Acad. Sci., Moscow (in Russian.)
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Zhaochong Zhang, Kusky, T., Jingwen Mao, Li Zhao, Shenghao Yan, Bailin Chen, Gang Zhou, and Fengmei Chai (2008): Journal of Geology 116(2).
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Tile ore
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Hengxiang Yu, Jinfu Lin, Jiayuan Liu, and Chengqi Hu (1998): Geology and Prospecting 34(5), 8-13
Cuprobismutite
Formula: Cu8AgBi13S24
Reference: Potseluev, A.A., Babkin, D.I., and Kotegov, V.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(5), 384-401.
Cuprocopiapite
Formula: CuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Yingxia Xu, Kezhang Qin, Kuishou Ding, Yu Miao, Tonghui Fang, Xingwang Xu, and He Sun (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(1), 58-69
Cupropavonite
Formula: Cu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
Cuproroméite
Formula: Cu2Sb2(O,OH)7
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
'Cu-Zn alloy'
Formula: CuxZny
Cyrilovite
Formula: NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineraly Uzbekistana(Minerals of the Uzbekistan) - izd."FAN" UzbSSR-vol.1-4 - 1976-1977
Dadsonite
Formula: Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Reference: Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Darapiosite (TL)
Formula: K(Na,◻,K)2(Li,Zn,Fe)3(Mn,Zr,Y)2[Si12O30]
Type Locality:
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Darapskite
Formula: Na3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
Localities:
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
'Davidite'
Reference: Solodov, I.N., Nesterova, M.V., Shugina, G.A., Ganina, N.I., Shulik, L.S., and Solodov, D.I. (2001): Lithology and Mineral Resources 36(1), 43-62.
Davidite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data; P.M. Kartashov data
Deerite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
Reference: Lifei Zhang, Wenbo Jiang, Chunjing Wei, and Shenbao Dong (1999): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 42 (3), 233-239.
Delvauxite
Formula: CaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Dewindtite
Formula: H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Diamond
Formula: C
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 67 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Reference: Zhou, M.-F., Robinson, P.T., Malpas, J., Sun, M., Aitchison, J., Bai, W.J., Hu, X.-F., and Yang, J.-S. (2001): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 19(4), 517-534.
Diopside var: Salite
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'
Reference: Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Yitian Wang, Hart, C.J., Zhiliang Wang, and Jianmin Yang (2005): Episodes 28(1), 23-36
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: Jiyuan Zhou, Bingfang Cui, and Yan Lu (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(3), 209-218
Djerfisherite
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Reference: Solovova, I. P., Girnis, A. V., Ryabchikov, I. D., & Simakin, S. G. (2006, October). High-temperature carbonatite melt and its interrelations with alkaline magmas of the Dunkel’dyk complex, southeastern Pamirs. In Doklady earth sciences (Vol. 410, No. 1, pp. 1148-1151). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 78 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Doloresite
Formula: V4+3O4(OH)4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Dravite-Uvite Series'
Habit: trigonal prism
Colour: blue and green
Description: Ian Nicastro notes at https://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,105,414229,414229,page=1#msg-414229 that "Dravite and Dravite-Uvite attributed to Koksha Valley are likely from Hazrat Saeed specifically, since multiple specimens attributed to Koksha Valley have turned up with both sapphire and blue dravite in the same mica matrix. And Hazrat Saeed appears to be the only Sapphire source in Koksha Valley."
Reference: https://www.gia.edu/gems-gemology/winter-2016-gemnews-blue-dravite-uvite-tourmaline-koksha-valley-afghanistan
Dumontite
Formula: Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Dushan Jade'
Dusmatovite (TL)
Formula: K(Na,□)2(Zn,Li)3(Mn2+,Y,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 42:107-119 (2004); Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Dzhalindite
Formula: In(OH)3
Reference: Novgorodova M.I. (1994) Crystallochemistry of native metals and natural intermetallic compounds, - Itogi Nauki i Techniki, Crystalochimiya, v.29, p.154 (in Rus.)
Dzharkenite (TL)
Formula: FeSe2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Efremovite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3
Eglestonite
Formula: (Hg2+2)3OCl3(OH)
Eitelite
Formula: Na2Mg(CO3)2
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Ekanite
Formula: Ca2ThSi8O20
Reference: Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Elbaite-Liddicoatite Series'
Reference: specimens in the Fernando Giovine collection; analysed in the University of Messina, Italy
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 61 localities in this region.
Elpidite
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Elpidite var: Calcian Elpidite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Reference: Mineev D.A. (1968) Geochemistry of apogranites and rare-metal metasomatites of North-Western Tarbagatai, - Moscow, Nauka, 276p. (in Rus.)
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Empressite
Formula: AgTe
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Dmitriy I. Belakovskiy (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 101-112.; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.; Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.
Ephesite
Formula: LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Elena S. Sorokina, Andrey K. Litvinenko, Wolfgang Hofmeister, Tobias Häger, Dorrit E. Jacob, and Zamoniddin Z. Nasriddinov (2015): Rubies and sapphires from Snezhnoe, Tajikistan. Gems & Gemology 51, 160-175.
Epididymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Reference: I. Pekov data pers. comm L. Horvath 2008
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 165 localities in this region.
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Reference: Fuquan Yang, Shenghao Yan, Guoren Liu, Gang Zhou, Zhixin Zhang, Feng Liu, Xinxia Geng, and Chunli Guo (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 956-971
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ertixiite (TL)
Formula: Na2Si4O9
Type Locality:
Reference: Zhang Rubo, Han Fengming, and Du Chongliang (1985): Geochemistry [China] 4(2), 192-95.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Eskimoite
Formula: Ag7Pb10Bi15S36
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
'Eta-bronze'
Formula: Cu6Sn5
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Eucairite
Formula: AgCuSe
Reference: Koneev, R.I., Turesebekov, A.H., Ignatikov, E.N., Vasilevsky, B.B., and Rakhimov, R.R. (2005), In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge, Vol. 1, 1403-1406
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: in Coll. M. Slama
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
Reference: Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48; Liangming Fan, Yuyuan Mao, Yongwen Wan, and Shiwei Luan (1994): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 15(1); Huanzhang Lu, Zhonggang Wang, and Yuansheng Li (1997): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 16(1), 43-52
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Eugsterite
Formula: Na4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Eulytine
Formula: Bi4(SiO4)3
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazakhstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Evansite
Formula: Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
Reference: Ankinovich, E.A, Bekenova, G.K., Shabanova, T.A., Zazubina, I.S., and Sandomirskaya, S.M. (1997): Mitryaevaite, Al10((PO4)8.7(SO3OH)1.3)10AlF3.3OH2O, a new mineral species from a Cambrian carbonaceous chert formation, Karatau Range and Zhabagly Mountains, Southern Kazakhstan. Canadian Mineralogist 35(6), 1415-1419.
Faizievite (TL)
Formula: K2Na(Ca6Na)Ti4Li6[Si6O18]2[Si12O30]F2
Type Locality:
Reference: IMA Website; Agakhanov A.A., Pautov L.A., Karpenko V.Yu., Bekenova G.K., Uvarova Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Mineral Data 46:13-19
Falgarite (TL)
Formula: K4(VO)3(SO4)5
Type Locality:
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Mirakov, M.A., Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, Е.V., Faiziev, A.R. and Karpenko, V.Y. (2018) Falgarite, IMA 2018-069. CNMNC Newsletter No. 45, October 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82, xxx-xxx
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Felsőbányaite
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Reference: Zhaoxin Han, Lijun Luan, and Chaoyou Wang (2004): Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology 24(3), 324-327; Kaiyin Bai and Zhaoxin Han (2007): Northwestern Geology 40(2), 114-117
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: http://homepage.usask.ca/~smi454/project/articles/gold2000_ext_abs.htm; Mao, J., Konopelko, D., Seltmann, R., Lehmann, B., Chen, W., Wang, Y., ... & Usubaliev, T. (2004). Postcollisional age of the Kumtor gold deposit and timing of Hercynian events in the Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 99(8), 1771-1780.
'Ferganite'
Formula: LiH[(UO2)4[VO4]2(OH)4·2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1048.
'Fergusonite'
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Fergusonite-(Y)-β (TL)
Formula: YNbO4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Reference: Yingxia Xu, Kezhang Qin, Kuishou Ding, Yu Miao, Tonghui Fang, Xingwang Xu, and He Sun (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(1), 58-69
Ferri-fluoro-leakeite (TL)
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Cámara, F., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Bekenova, G., Stepanov, A.V., Kotel’nikov, P.E. (2010): Fluoroleakeite, NaNa2(Mg2Fe3+2Li)Si8O22F2, a new mineral of the amphibole group from the Verkhnee Espe deposit, Akjailyautas Mountains, Eastern Kazakhstan District, Kazakhstan: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 521-528.
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Ferri-leakeite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Pautov L.A., Agakhanov A.A., Sokolova E.V., Hawthorne F., Karpenko V.Yu. (2011) Byzantievite, Ba5(Ca,REE,Y)22(Ti,Nb)18(SiO4)4[(PO4),(SiO4)]4(BO3)9O21[(OH),F]43(H2O)1.5, a new mineral. New Data on Minerals 46:5-12
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Ferrinatrite
Formula: Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Ferrisicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Zhiguo Liu, Dawei Dong, Milan Liu,Yu Sui, Wenhui Su, Zhengnan Qian, and Zhe Li (2005): Hyperfine Interactions 163(1-4), 13-27.
'Ferro-Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ferro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Lingang Xu, Jingwen Mao, Fuquan Yang, Huishou He, Jianmin Zheng, Jianguo Li, Yongbiao Cai, Xiaoling Zha, and Jianjing Gao (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(4), 455-463
Ferro-glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Gao Jiu, Klemd, R., Zhang Lifei, Wang Su, and Xiao Xiong (1999): Journal of Metamorphic Geology 17(6), 621-636.
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Qiuyue Huang and Yongfeng Zhu (2012): Acta Petrologica Sinica 28(7), 2199-2208
Ferroselite
Formula: FeSe2
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Reference: STEPANOV, A.V., BEKENOVA, G.K., LEVIN, V.L., HAWTHORNE, F.C. & DOBROVOL’SKAYA, E.A. (2012): Tarbagataite,(K,□)2(Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mn)7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4(OH,F), a new astrophyllite-group mineral species from the Verkhnee Espe deposit, Akjailyautas Mountains, Kazakhstan: description and crystal structure Canadian Mineralogist 50,159-168.
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fillowite
Formula: {Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
Reference: Ma Zhesheng, Shi Nicheng, and Ye Danian (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 48(5), 635-646.
Fillowite var: Mg-Fillowite
Formula: Na2Ca(Mn2+4Mg2Fe2+)7(PO4)6
Reference: Ma Zhesheng, Shi Nicheng, and Ye Danian (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 48(5), 635-646.
Fizélyite
Formula: Ag5Pb14Sb21S48
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Fluellite
Formula: Al2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
Reference: Karpenko, V.Yu. et al. Zapiski RMO 138(1)83(2009)
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Reference: Jingwu Yin, Guowu Li, Guangming Yang, Xiangkun Ge, Haiming Xu and Jun Wang (2015) Fluornatropyrochlore, a new pyrochlore supergroup mineral from the Boziguoer rare earth element deposit, Baicheng County, Akesu, Xinjiang, China. Canadian Mineralogist. 53,455-460
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Fluorapophyllite-(Cs) (TL)
Formula: CsCa4(Si8O20)F(H2O)8
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Kasatkin, A.V., Sokolova, E., Day, M.C., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Y., Muftakhov, V.A., Pekov, I.V., Cámara Artigas, F. and Britvin, S.N. (2019) Fluorapophyllite-(Cs), IMA 2018-108a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 49, June 2019, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 83: 323–328.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: I. Pekov data pers. comm L. Horvath 2008; Agakhanov A.A., Pautov L.A., Karpenko V.Yu., Bekenova G.K., Uvarova Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Mineral Data 46:13-19
'Fluorbritholite'
Reference: Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
Fluorcalciobritholite
Formula: (Ca,REE)5(SiO4,PO4)3F
Reference: Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
Fluorcaphite
Formula: SrCaCa3(PO4)3F
Reference: I. Pekov data pers. comm. L. Horváth 2008
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 86 localities in this region.
Fluorite var: Strontian Fluorite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)F2
Reference: Leonid A. Pautov analytical data
Fluorite var: Yttrofluorite
Formula: (Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Fluornatropyrochlore (TL)
Formula: (Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Type Locality:
Reference: Jingwu Yin, Guowu Li, Guangming Yang, Xiangkun Ge, Haiming Xu and Jun Wang (2015) Fluornatropyrochlore, a new pyrochlore supergroup mineral from the Boziguoer rare earth element deposit, Baicheng County, Akesu, Xinjiang, China. Canadian Mineralogist. 53,455-460
Fluoro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Weidong Hui, Pengda Zhao, Kezhang Qin, Jinzhu San, Qinghua Xiao, and Jian Wu (2011): Geology and Exploration 47(3), 388-399
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Reference: Zhang AC, Wang Ru, Hu H, Chen XM (2004) Occurrences of foitite and rossmanite from the Koktokay No. 3 pegmatite dyke, Altai, Northwestern China: A record of hydrothermal fluids. Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 873-883.
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Forsterite var: Peridot
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 63
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Francevillite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Franckeite
Formula: Fe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn4+2Sb2S14
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Freibergite
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Reference: Gromova, E. I.; Glotov, A. M.; Khrenov, V. A.; Lipskaya, V. I. (1980): Gold-​silver-​antimony mineralization in Charmitan deposits. Uzbekiston Geologiya Zhurnali 1980 (5), 8-11 (in Russian).
Fresnoite
Formula: Ba2Ti(Si2O7)O
Reference: Solovova, I. P., Girnis, A. V., Ryabchikov, I. D., & Simakin, S. G. (2006, October). High-temperature carbonatite melt and its interrelations with alkaline magmas of the Dunkel’dyk complex, southeastern Pamirs. In Doklady earth sciences (Vol. 410, No. 1, pp. 1148-1151). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Friedrichite
Formula: Pb5Cu5Bi7S18
Reference: Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Frohbergite
Formula: FeTe2
'Fullerite'
Formula: C60
Reference: [www.webmineral.com]
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Gagarinite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: NaCaYF6
Type Locality:
Reference: DAN-SSSR,(1961) 141, 954-957; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Zhang Rubo (1981): Geological Review 27(1), 1-7.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 198 localities in this region.
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Galkhaite (TL)
Formula: (Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
Reference: [Lapis 11:11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Ganomalite
Formula: Pb9Ca5Mn(Si2O7)4(SiO4)O
Reference: Huaqin Li and Fuwen Chen (2003): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 24(6), 555-558
Garmite (TL)
Formula: CsLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Kasatkin, A.V., Nestola, F., Agakhanov, A.A., Škoda, R., Karpenko, V.Y. and Tsyganko, M.V. (2017) Garmite, IMA 2017- 008. CNMNC Newsletter No. 37, June 2017, page 740; MineralogicalMagazine, 81, 737–742.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Gasparite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(AsO4)
Reference: Atali Agakhanov analytical data
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
Genthelvite
Formula: Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Reference: N. MALYUKOVA , (2014). Zoning of Polymetallic Rare-earth and Rare-metal Deposits in the Ak-Tyuz Ore Field (Northern Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan). Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), 88(supp. 2): 451-453.
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Gersdorffite var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite
Formula: (Ni,Co)AsS
Getchellite
Formula: AsSbS3
Geversite
Formula: PtSb2
Reference: Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Gittinsite
Formula: CaZrSi2O7
Reference: Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
Gladite
Formula: PbCuBi5S9
'Glass'
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Solodov, I.N., Nesterova, M.V., Shugina, G.A., Ganina, N.I., Shulik, L.S., and Solodov, D.I. (2001): Lithology and Mineral Resources 36(1), 43-62.
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Godlevskite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Zhu, Y., Tan, J., & Qiu, T. (2016). Platinum group mineral (PGM) and Fe–Ni–As–S minerals in the Sartohay chromitite, Xinjiang (NW China): Implications for the mobility of Os, Ir, Sb, and As during hydrothermal processes. Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 299-312.
Godovikovite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 200 localities in this region.
'Gold Amalgam'
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Goldfieldite
Formula: (Cu102)Te4S12S
Goldmanite
Formula: Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: not refered listen
Gorbunovite (TL)
Formula: CsLi2(Ti,Fe)Si4O10(F,OH,O)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Pekov, I.V., Karpenko, V.Y., Siidra, O.I., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Muftakhov, V.A. and Kasatkin, A.V. (2017) Gorbunovite, IMA 2017-040. CNMNC Newsletter No. 39, October 2017, page 1280; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1279–1286.
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Ankinovich, E.A, Bekenova, G.K., Shabanova, T.A., Zazubina, I.S., and Sandomirskaya, S.M. (1997): Mitryaevaite, Al10((PO4)8.7(SO3OH)1.3)10AlF3.3OH2O, a new mineral species from a Cambrian carbonaceous chert formation, Karatau Range and Zhabagly Mountains, Southern Kazakhstan. Canadian Mineralogist 35(6), 1415-1419.
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Mineraly Uzbekistana(Minerals of the Uzbekistan) - izd."FAN" UzbSSR-vol.1-4 - 1976-1977
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Greenalite
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. and Belakovskii, D.I. (2009): Fayalite-sekaninaite paralava from the Ravat coal fire (central Tajikistan). Russian Geology and Geophysics 50, 703-721.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Grossular var: Chrome-bearing Grossular
Formula: Ca3(Al,Cr3+)2(SiO4)3
Reference: Zhou, M.-F., Robinson, P.T., Malpas, J., Sun, M., Aitchison, J., Bai, W.J., Hu, X.-F., and Yang, J.-S. (2001): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 19(4), 517-534.
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Gruzdevite (TL)
Formula: Cu6Hg3Sb4S12
Type Locality:
Reference: [DAN-SSSR,(1981) 261, 971-976; Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Guettardite
Formula: PbAsSbS4
Gustavite
Formula: AgPbBi3S6
'Gutsevichite'
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 8H2O
Gwihabaite
Formula: (NH4,K)NO3
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 86 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rob Lavinsky
'Hackmanite'
Formula: Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Reference: Rob Lavinsky
Hafnon
Formula: HfSiO4
Reference: Yin, R., Wang, R. C., Zhang, A. C., Hu, H., Zhu, J. C., Rao, C., & Zhang, H. (2013). Extreme fractionation from zircon to hafnon in the Koktokay No. 1 granitic pegmatite, Altai, northwestern China. American mineralogist, 98(10), 1714-1724.; Wang R, Yin R, Zhang A (2014)Evolution and decomposition of Zr-Hf-U-bearing columbite-group minerals in Koktokay no. 1 granitic pegmatite dyke, Altai, northwestern China. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 263
Häggite
Formula: V3+V4+O2(OH)3
Haiweeite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2[Si5O12(OH)2] · 6H2O
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
'Hami Green Jade'
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Hammarite
Formula: Pb2Cu2Bi4S9
Reference: Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40; Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Haxonite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)23C6
Reference: Yongheng Chen and Daode Wang (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(2), 119-125
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hejtmanite
Formula: Ba2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Hellandite-(Y)
Formula: (Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Reference: P,M. Kartashov data
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 148 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hemusite
Formula: Cu6SnMoS8
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Hercynite var: Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Heteromorphite
Formula: Pb7Sb8S19
Hewettite
Formula: CaV6O16 · 9H2O
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Kaiyin Bai and Zhaoxin Han (2007): Northwestern Geology 40(2), 114-117
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Hocartite
Formula: Ag2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Hodrušite
Formula: Cu8Bi12S22
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Holmquistite
Formula: ☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: NOTES: (1) One analyzed "holmquistite" specimen turned out to be tourmaline. (2) Holmquistite "suns" in a light schist matrix have been recently traded in China as "chrysanthemum stones".
Reference: Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Humberstonite
Formula: Na7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
'Humite Group'
Reference: Baocheng Fan, Baoqiang Li, Wenhua Ji, Guanglu Meng, Jifei Cao, Bin Wang, Jing Zhang, Xin Cao, Pengrui Lü, and Bo Yang (2014): Northwestern Geology 47(1), 165-170
Hummerite
Formula: K2Mg2(V10O28) · 16H2O
Reference: Karpenko, V.Yu. et al. Zapiski RMO 138(1)83(2009)
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Reference: Golovanov, I. M.: O nachodke chantita v mestorožděnii Kurgašinkan (UzSSR). Doklady Akademii nauk SSSR, 1959, tom. 124, no. 2, s. 398 - 401.
Huttonite
Formula: ThSiO4
Reference: no reference
Hyalotekite
Formula: (Pb,Ba,K)4(Ca,Y)2(B,Be)2(Si,B)2Si8O28(F,Cl)
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2005): Senkevichite, CsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18(OH)], a new mineral. New Data on Minerals, 40, 11-16; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016): Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).; Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Belakovskiy, D. I., Rouse, R. C., Su, S. C., & Marquez, N. (1994). Hyalotekite from reedmergnerite-bearing peralkaline pegmatite, Dara-i-Pioz, Tajikistan and from Mn skarn, Langban, Varmland, Sweden: a new look at an old mineral. Mineralogical Magazine, 58(391), 285-298.
'Hydroastrophyllite'
Formula: (H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov
Hydrobiotite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Ran Hongyan, Wang Guanxing, and Cao Junchen (1999): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 19(3), 299-307
Hydroglauberite (TL)
Formula: Na10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Hydrogoethite'
Formula: 3Fe2O3·4H2O
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
'Hydromuscovite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Hydrotroilite'
Formula: FeS · H2O ?
Reference: Solodov, I.N., Nesterova, M.V., Shugina, G.A., Ganina, N.I., Shulik, L.S., and Solodov, D.I. (2001): Lithology and Mineral Resources 36(1), 43-62.
Hydroxycalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)
Formula: Nd(CO3)(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
'Hydroxynatromicrolite'
Formula: (Na,Bi3+,◻)2Ta2O6(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2016
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: USGS Mineral Resources Data, United States Geological Survey
Hypercinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Ikunolite
Formula: Bi4(S,Se)3
Reference: Koneev, R.I., Turesebekov, A.H., Ignatikov, E.N., Vasilevsky, B.B., and Rakhimov, R.R. (2005), In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge, Vol. 1, 1403-1406
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Ilsemannite
Formula: Mo3O8 · nH2O
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Indium
Formula: In
Reference: Novgorodova M.I. (1994) Crystallochemistry of native metals and natural intermetallic compounds, - Itogi Nauki i Techniki, Crystalochimiya, v.29, p.154 (in Rus.)
Ingodite
Formula: Bi2TeS
Reference: Koneev, R.I., Turesebekov, A.H., Ignatikov, E.N., Vasilevsky, B.B., and Rakhimov, R.R. (2005), In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge, Vol. 1, 1403-1406
Inyoite
Formula: Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: Renyi Chen, Haiguang Liu, and Wenyi Ma (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(1), 26-31
Iowaite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: Zhu, Y., Tan, J., & Qiu, T. (2016). Platinum group mineral (PGM) and Fe–Ni–As–S minerals in the Sartohay chromitite, Xinjiang (NW China): Implications for the mobility of Os, Ir, Sb, and As during hydrothermal processes. Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 299-312.
Iriginite
Formula: (UO2)Mo2O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Iron
Formula: Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ishikawaite
Formula: U4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Jadeite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Jalpaite
Formula: Ag3CuS2
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Jamesonite var: Sakharovaite
Formula: (Pb,Bi)4FeSb6S14
Reference: American Mineralogist (1956) 41:814
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
'Jeffersonite'
Formula: Ca(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Jeremejevite
Formula: Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Jinshajiangite
Formula: BaNaFe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
Reference: STEPANOV, A.V., BEKENOVA, G.K., LEVIN, V.L., HAWTHORNE, F.C. & DOBROVOL’SKAYA, E.A. (2012): Tarbagataite,(K,□)2(Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mn)7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4(OH,F), a new astrophyllite-group mineral species from the Verkhnee Espe deposit, Akjailyautas Mountains, Kazakhstan: description and crystal structure Canadian Mineralogist 50,159-168.; Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y., Hawthorne, F. C., Stepanov, A. V., Bekenova, G. K., & Kotel’nikov, P. E. (2009). Camaraite, Ba3NaTi4 (Fe2+, Mn) 8 (Si2O7) 4O4 (OH, F) 7. I. A new Ti-silicate mineral from the Verkhnee Espe Deposit, Akjailyautas Mountains, Kazakhstan.
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Jordanite
Formula: Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Reference: United States Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Resources Data
Jordisite
Formula: MoS2
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Joséite-A
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Potseluev, A.A., Babkin, D.I., and Kotegov, V.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(5), 384-401.
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Junoite
Formula: Cu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
Kainite
Formula: KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Kalinite
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Uklonskiy, A.S. [Уклонский, А.С.] (1964) Geochemistry of native sulphur [К геохимии самородной серы]. Uzbek Geological Journal [Uzbekskiy Geologicheskiy Zhurnal, Узбекский геологический журнал], 6, 5-10; Uklonskiy, A.S. [Уклонский, А.С.] (1982) Geochemistry of native sulphur [К геохимии самородной серы]. In: Problems of mineralogy and geochemistry. Selected papers [Проблемы минералогии и геохимии. Избранные труды]. Uzbek SSR Branch, Academy of Sciences Press [Издательство "Фан" Узбекской ССР], Tashkent, 66-71.
Kalistrontite
Formula: K2Sr(SO4)2
Reference: Xiaohong Sun, Chenglin Liu, and Zhiqiang Xuan (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(4), 631-639
Kalsilite
Formula: KAlSiO4
Reference: Solovova, I. P., Girnis, A. V., Ryabchikov, I. D., & Simakin, S. G. (2006, October). High-temperature carbonatite melt and its interrelations with alkaline magmas of the Dunkel’dyk complex, southeastern Pamirs. In Doklady earth sciences (Vol. 410, No. 1, pp. 1148-1151). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Kamiokite
Formula: Fe2Mo3O8
Reference: Han, C., Xiao, W., Zhao, G., Su, B., Sakyi, P. A., Ao, S., ... & Zhang, Z. (2014). Late Paleozoic metallogenesis and evolution of the East Tianshan Orogenic Belt (NW China, Central Asia Orogenic Belt). Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(6), 493-512.
Kamphaugite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Description: First described as "tengerite" by Stepanov (1961), later designated as "calciotengerite" by Mineev (1994). As a secondary replacement product after gagarinite-(Y).
Reference: Stepanov, A.V. (1961): New and rare minerals in alkali granites of Kazakhstan. Trudy Kazakhskogo Nauchno-Isledovatelskogo Insituta Mineralnogo Syrya, 5, 147-161.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 88 localities in this region.
Kapitsaite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Ba,K,Pb)4(Y,Ca)2Si8(B,Si)4O28F
Type Locality:
Description: In a boulder of peralkaline pegmatite from the moraine of the Dari-i-Pioz glacier
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 42:107-119 (2004); Agakhanov A.A., Pautov L.A., Karpenko V.Yu., Bekenova G.K., Uvarova Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Mineral Data 46:13-19
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Katayamalite
Formula: KLi3Ca7Ti2(SiO3)12(OH)2
Reference: Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
Katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Reference: Xin Liu, Wen Su, Jun Gao, Jilei Li, and Tuo Jiang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(5), 1675-1684
Kawazulite
Formula: Bi2Te2Se
Kazakhstanite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+5V4+3V5+12O39(OH)9 · 9H2O
Reference: ZVMO,(1989) 118, n5, 95-100; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Keiviite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Si2O7
Reference: STEPANOV, A.V., BEKENOVA, G.K., LEVIN, V.L., HAWTHORNE, F.C. & DOBROVOL’SKAYA, E.A. (2012): Tarbagataite,(K,□)2(Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mn)7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4(OH,F), a new astrophyllite-group mineral species from the Verkhnee Espe deposit, Akjailyautas Mountains, Kazakhstan: description and crystal structure Canadian Mineralogist 50,159-168.
Kentbrooksite
Formula: (Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Reference: Lapis 29(1), 47 (2004); Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 132(6): 15-21 (in Russian).
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 78 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Khademite
Formula: Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Reference: Mike Scott S105223 from Cureton from Belekovski ID by A Roberts
Khaidarkanite (TL)
Formula: Na0.34Cu4Al3(OH)14F3 · 2H2O
Description: The mineral is associated with calcite, quartz, barite, fluorite, malachite, Cu allophane, conichalcite, chrysocolla, and an Al fluorhydroxide in the oxidation zone of the Khaidarkan Sb-Hg deposit, Kyrgyzstan.
Reference: [ZVMO,(1999) 128, n. 3, 58-63; AmMin 85:1322]
Khamrabaevite (TL)
Formula: (Ti,V,Fe)C
Reference: ZVMO (1984) 113, 697-703; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Khristovite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: {CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO,(1993) 122, n3, 103-111; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Khvorovite (TL)
Formula: (Pb,Ba,K)4Ca2[Si8B2(Si,B)2O28]F
Type Locality:
Habit: as irregular grains, rarely with square or rectangular sections up to 150 μm, and grain aggregates up to 0.5 mm.
Colour: Colorless, white
Description: Found in a pectolite aggregate
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.H., Karpenko, V.Y., Siidra, O.I., Garanin, V.K. and Abdu, Y.A. (2014) Khvorovite, IMA 2014-050. CNMNC Newsletter No. 22, October 2014, page 1245; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1241-1248; Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Y., Siidra, O.I., Garanin, V.K., Abdu, Y.A. (2015: Khvorovite, Pb2+4Ca2[Si8B2(SiB)O28]F, a new hyalotekite-group mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 949-963. ; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016): Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Reference: Uklonskiy, A.S. [Уклонский, А.С.] (1964) Geochemistry of native sulphur [К геохимии самородной серы]. Uzbek Geological Journal [Uzbekskiy Geologicheskiy Zhurnal, Узбекский геологический журнал], 6, 5-10; Uklonskiy, A.S. [Уклонский, А.С.] (1982) Geochemistry of native sulphur [К геохимии самородной серы]. In: Problems of mineralogy and geochemistry. Selected papers [Проблемы минералогии и геохимии. Избранные труды]. Uzbek SSR Branch, Academy of Sciences Press [Издательство "Фан" Узбекской ССР], Tashkent, 66-71; Evseev, A. A. [Евсеев, А.А.] (2004) Atlas of the World for mineralogist [Атлас мира для минералога]. Ecost Association [Ассоциация Экост], Moscow, page 149 (in Russian).
Kinoshitalite
Formula: (Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: L.A. Pautov data
Kirchhoffite (TL)
Formula: Cs(BSi2O6)
Type Locality:
Reference: IMA Approvals - Mar. 2010; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016): Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).
Klebelsbergite
Formula: Sb4O4(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Klockmannite
Formula: CuSe
Reference: Lobanov, K. V., & Gaskov, I. V. (2012). The Karchiga copper massive sulfide deposit in the high-grade metamorphosed rocks of the Kurchum block: geologic structure, formation, and metamorphism (Rudny Altai). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 53(1), 77-91.
Kobellite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Kolovratite (TL)
Formula: NixZny(VO4)0.67(x+y) · nH2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1049; Canadian Mineralogist (1962): 7: 311.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Koninckite
Formula: Fe3+PO4 · 3H2O
Reference: Daltry, Vaughn & Deliens, Michel (1994) The Type Mineralogy of Belgium . Annals of the Belgium Geological Society 116:15-28
Koragoite (TL)
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe3+)3(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(Nb,Mn)2(W,Ta)2O20
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kostovite
Formula: CuAuTe4
Krausite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Reference: Xu Ying-xia, Ding Kui-shou, Qin Ke-zhang, Miao Yu, Fang Tong-hui, Xu Xing-wang, and Sun He (2006): Geology in China 33(3), 605-616.
Kremersite
Formula: (NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Reference: Nasdala, L., & Pekov, I. V. (1993). Ravatite, C14HIO, a new organic mineral species from Ravat, Tadzhikistan. Eur. J. Mineral, 5, 699-705.
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Kröhnkite
Formula: Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Yingxia Xu, Kezhang Qin, Kunshou Ding, Jinxiang Li, Yu Miao, Tonghui Fang, Xingwang Xu, Daming Li, and Xiuquan Luo (2008): Acta Petrologica Sinica 24(10), 2371-2383
Kupletskite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Kupletskite-(Cs) (TL)
Formula: Cs2NaMn2+7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Type Locality:
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Kuramite (TL)
Formula: Cu3SnS4
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO,(1979) 108, 564-569; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Kurumsakite (TL)
Formula: (Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V5+2Si5O35 · 27H2O (?)
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO (1955) 3, pp. 343-344 ; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Kuznetsovite (TL)
Formula: (Hg+2)Hg2+(AsO4)Cl
Reference: [DAN-SSSR,(1980) 225, 963-968; Lapis 11:11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Vasil'yev, V. I., Lavrent'yev, Y. G., & Pal'chik, N. A. (1982). Poyarkovite, Hg3CIO, a new natural mercury oxychloride. International Geology Review, 24(3), 363-366.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Kyrgyzstanite (TL)
Formula: ZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1511-1519.; Atali A. Agakhanov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp23-28; Karpenko, V. Y., Pautov, L. A., Agakhanov, A. A., & Bekenova, G. K. (2011). Mannardite from vanadium-bearing schists of Kazakhstan and Central Asia. New Data on Minerals, 46, 25-33.
Kyzylkumite (TL)
Formula: V3+Ti2O5(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Am. Min. (1982) 67, 855-856; ZVMO (1981) 110, 607-612; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Laffittite
Formula: AgHgAsS3
Reference: [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Pervukhina, N. V., Borisov, S. V., Magarill, S. A., Vasil’ev, V. I., & Kuratieva, N. V. (2010). Redetermination and Crystallographic Analysis of the Structure of Sb-Containing Laffittite AgHg (As, Sb) S 3 From Chauvai (Kyrgyzstan). Journal of Structural Chemistry, 51(4), 683-688.
Laitakarite
Formula: Bi4Se2S
Langbeinite
Formula: K2Mg2(SO4)3
Laptevite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)Y3REE7(SiO4)3(PO4)(B3Si3O18)(BO3)F11
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y., Karpenko, V.Y., Sokolova, E.V. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2012): Laptevite-(Ce), IMA 2011-081. CNMNC Newsletter No. 12, February 2012, page 153; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 151-155; Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Agakhanov, A.A., Karpenko, V.Y., Pautov, L.A. (2013): The crystal structure of laptevite-(Ce), NaFe2+(REE7Ca5Y3)(SiO4)4(Si3B2PO18)(BO3)F11, a new mineral species from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Northern Tajikistan. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials, 228, 550-557.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Laumontite var: Vanadio-laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Lebedev, L.M., Nikitina, J.B. (1983): The Cheleken ore forming system. Russ. Acad. Sci., Moscow (in Russian.)
Lawsonite
Formula: CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Jun Gao, Guoqi He, Maosong Li, Xuchang Xiao, Yaoqing Tang, Jun Wang, and Min Zhao (1995): Tectonophysics 250(1-3), 151-168
Lazurite
Formula: Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Lead
Formula: Pb
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Lenoblite
Formula: V4+2O4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineraly Uzbekistana(Minerals of the Uzbekistan) - izd."FAN" UzbSSR-vol.1-4 - 1976-1977
Leonite
Formula: K2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Lepidolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Lepidolite var: Cs-rich Lepidolite'
Reference: Huan Hu, Rucheng Wang, Aicheng Zhang, and Shijin Xu (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(4), 411-421
'Lepidolite var: Purple Jade'
Lesukite
Formula: Al2Cl(OH)5 · 2H2O
Reference: Museum of Victoria specimen no: M 46880
Letovicite
Formula: (NH4)3H(SO4)2
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Solovova, I. P., Girnis, A. V., Ryabchikov, I. D., & Simakin, S. G. (2006, October). High-temperature carbonatite melt and its interrelations with alkaline magmas of the Dunkel’dyk complex, southeastern Pamirs. In Doklady earth sciences (Vol. 410, No. 1, pp. 1148-1151). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Leucophanite
Formula: NaCaBeSi2O6F
Leucosphenite
Formula: BaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2005): Senkevichite, CsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18(OH)], a new mineral. New Data on Minerals, 40, 11-16; Pautov L.A., Agakhanov A.A., Sokolova E.V., Hawthorne F., Karpenko V.Yu. (2011) Byzantievite, Ba5(Ca,REE,Y)22(Ti,Nb)18(SiO4)4[(PO4),(SiO4)]4(BO3)9O21[(OH),F]43(H2O)1.5, a new mineral. New Data on Minerals 46:5-12; Agakhanov A.A., Pautov L.A., Karpenko V.Yu., Bekenova G.K., Uvarova Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Mineral Data 46:13-19; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016): Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).
'Leucoxene'
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 182 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Lindströmite
Formula: Pb3Cu3Bi7S15
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.
'Lithian Muscovite'
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Reference: Zhang Rubo (1981): Geological Review 27(1), 1-7; Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48
Livingstonite
Formula: HgSb4S6(S2)
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Löweite
Formula: Na12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Ludwigite
Formula: Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Reference: Fuquan Yang, Huijuan Deng, Haodong Xia, Boyong Ma, and Liben Wang (2003): Xinjiang Geology 21(4), 426-432
Lüneburgite
Formula: Mg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Localities:
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Kaiyin Bai and Zhaoxin Han (2007): Northwestern Geology 40(2), 114-117
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Xin Liu, Wen Su, Jun Gao, Jilei Li, and Tuo Jiang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(5), 1675-1684
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Magnesium'
Formula: Mg
Reference: Novgorodova M.I. (1996) Native magnesium and the problem of its genesis, - Geokhimiya, №1, p. 41-50 (in Rus.)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 203 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Ishkulite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Reference: Yan Sun, Yuanfu Xiao, Wei Feng, Fahui Xiong, and Zhiqiang Zhao (2009): Geology in China 36(4), 871-877
Magnetite var: Mushketovite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Vanado-Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Yuwang Wang, Jingbin Wang, Lijuan Wang, Xiaoming Peng, Weidong Hui, and Quanxin Qin (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(1), 61-73
Magnioursilite (TL)
Formula: Mg4(UO2)4(Si2O5)5(OH)6 · 20H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO (1977) 106, 533; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 146 localities in this region.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Maleevite (TL)
Formula: BaB2Si2O8
Type Locality:
Description: Found in pegmatite
Reference: Am Min 90:272-3
'Manganese Oxides'
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Manganosite
Formula: MnO
Reference: L.A. Pautov data
Mannardite
Formula: Ba(Ti4+6V3+2)O16
Mansfieldite
Formula: AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy.; Amer.Min.(1963) 48, 210-211
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Elena S. Sorokina, Andrey K. Litvinenko, Wolfgang Hofmeister, Tobias Häger, Dorrit E. Jacob, and Zamoniddin Z. Nasriddinov (2015): Rubies and sapphires from Snezhnoe, Tajikistan. Gems & Gemology 51, 160-175.
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
'Mariposite'
Formula: K(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Tian Qiu and Yongfeng Zhu (2014): Mineral Deposits 33(3), 541-557
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
'Maskelynite'
Description: Plagioclase normative glass is present.
Reference: Ivanova, M.A., Zaslavskay, N.I. & Kononkova, N.N. (1992) The Dengli H3 complex breccia: A 1976 find from the Karakoom Desert: Meteoritics 27(4): 463-464. (Sept 1992).
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: Zhu, Y., Tan, J., & Qiu, T. (2016). Platinum group mineral (PGM) and Fe–Ni–As–S minerals in the Sartohay chromitite, Xinjiang (NW China): Implications for the mobility of Os, Ir, Sb, and As during hydrothermal processes. Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 299-312.
Mavlyanovite (TL)
Formula: Mn5Si3
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 73,43-50(2009)
Mawsonite
Formula: Cu6Fe2SnS8
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Melnikovite'
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Melonite var: Bismuthian Palladian Melonite
Formula: (Ni,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Xinzhi Zhan (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(2), 150-153
'Mendeleevite'
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016): Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).
Mendeleevite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Cs6(Ce22Ca6)(Si70O175)(OH,F)14(H2O)21
Type Locality:
Reference: Doklady Akademii Nauk 452, 441-444(2013); Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016): Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).
Mendeleevite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: Cs6[(Nd,REE)23Ca7](Si70O175)(OH,F)19(H2O)16
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Y., Siidra, O.I. and Garanin, V.K. (2015) Mendeleevite-(Nd), IMA 2015-031. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 945; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Garanin, V.K. (2017): Mendeleevite-(Nd), (Cs,□)6(□,Cs)6(□,K)6(REE,Ca)30(Si70O175)(OH,H2O,F)35, a new mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 135–141.
Mendozite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Uklonskiy, A.S. [Уклонский, А.С.] (1964) Geochemistry of native sulphur [К геохимии самородной серы]. Uzbek Geological Journal [Uzbekskiy Geologicheskiy Zhurnal, Узбекский геологический журнал], 6, 5-10; Uklonskiy, A.S. [Уклонский, А.С.] (1982) Geochemistry of native sulphur [К геохимии самородной серы]. In: Problems of mineralogy and geochemistry. Selected papers [Проблемы минералогии и геохимии. Избранные труды]. Uzbek SSR Branch, Academy of Sciences Press [Издательство "Фан" Узбекской ССР], Tashkent, 66-71.
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Metahewettite
Formula: CaV6O16 · 3H2O
Metanatroautunite
Formula: Na(UO2)(PO4)(H2O)3
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Metasideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Yingxia Xu, Kezhang Qin, Kunshou Ding, Jinxiang Li, Yu Miao, Tonghui Fang, Xingwang Xu, Daming Li, and Xiuquan Luo (2008): Acta Petrologica Sinica 24(10), 2371-2383
Metastibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy.
Metatyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Meteoritic Iron'
Reference: Bischoff, A (1993) Alkali-granitoids as fragments within the ordinary chondrite Adzhi-Bogdo: Evidence for highly fractionated, alkali-granitic liquids on asteroids. In :Twenty-fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 1: A-F:113-114.
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Mica Group'
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Reference: Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Microlite Group var: Natrobistantite' (FRL)
Type Locality:
Reference: A. V. Voloshin, Y. A. Pakhomovskii, V. I. Stepanov, and E. N. Tyusheva (1983): Natrobistantite (Na,Cs)Bi(Ta,Nb,Sb)4O12 - New mineral from granite pegmatites. Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal: 5(2): 82-86.
'Microlite Group var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48
'Microperthite'
Microsommite
Formula: Na4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Reference: Solovova, I. P., Girnis, A. V., Ryabchikov, I. D., & Simakin, S. G. (2006, October). High-temperature carbonatite melt and its interrelations with alkaline magmas of the Dunkel’dyk complex, southeastern Pamirs. In Doklady earth sciences (Vol. 410, No. 1, pp. 1148-1151). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Minyulite
Formula: KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Miserite
Formula: K1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2O
Mitryaevaite (TL)
Formula: Al6(PO4)((P,S)O3(OH,O))2F2(OH)2 · 14.5H2O
Reference: Ankinovich, E.A, Bekenova, G.K., Shabanova, T.A., Zazubina, I.S., and Sandomirskaya, S.M. (1997): Canadian Mineralogist 35(6), 1415-1419.
Modderite
Formula: (Co,Fe)As
Reference: Xu Yong and Zhu Xinyou (2000): Acta Geologica Sinica 74(3), 540-543.
Mohite (TL)
Formula: Cu2SnS3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Moissanite
Formula: SiC
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
Monohydrocalcite (TL)
Formula: CaCO3 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: NJMM (1991), 289; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Montanite
Formula: Bi2(TeO6) · 2H2O
Reference: Novgorodova, M.I., Generalov, M.Ye., Gorshkov, A.I., Sivtsov, A.V., Uspenskiy, Ye.I (1991) Association of native gold with bismuthyl carbonates and tellurates. Izvestiya Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geol.: 4: 102-108 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S. (1993): New mineral Names. :merican Mineralogist: 78: 234
Montbrayite
Formula: (Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Huanzhang Lu, Zhonggang Wang, and Yuansheng Li (1997): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 16(1), 43-52.
Montgomeryite
Formula: Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Reference: Bernard & Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Montroydite
Formula: HgO
Moolooite
Formula: Cu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
Description: Described without approval as "Chelekenite" - anhydrous copper oxalate.
Reference: Lebedev, L.M., Nikitina, J.B. (1983): The Cheleken ore forming system. Russ. Acad. Sci., Moscow (in Russian.) [cited in Hofmann & Bernasconi, 1989].
Mosandrite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Moskvinite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Na2KYSi6O15
Type Locality:
Colour: Colourless
Description: Isometric grains to 2mm
Reference: Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 132(6): 15-21 (in Russian).
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Karpenko et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp37-43
Mourite (TL)
Formula: UMo5O12(OH)10
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Mullite
Formula: Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 282 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Rubidian Muscovite
Formula: (K,Rb)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 214 localities in this region.
Mushistonite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO,(1984) 113, 612-617; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Nagyágite
Formula: [Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Description: Fluid inclusion in hambergite
Reference: Thomas, R., Davidson, P. (2010): Hambergite-rich melt inclusions in morganite crystals from the Muiane pegmatite, Mozambique and some remarks on the paragenesis of hambergite. - Mineralogy and Petrology, 100, 3-4, 227-23; Thomas, R., & Davidson, P. (2010). Hambergite-rich melt inclusions in morganite crystals from the Muiane pegmatite, Mozambique and some remarks on the paragenesis of hambergite. Mineralogy and Petrology, 100(3-4), 227-239.
Nalivkinite (TL)
Formula: Li2Na(Fe2+,Mn2+)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist46,651-659(2008); Pautov L.A., Agakhanov A.A., Sokolova E.V., Hawthorne F., Karpenko V.Yu. (2011) Byzantievite, Ba5(Ca,REE,Y)22(Ti,Nb)18(SiO4)4[(PO4),(SiO4)]4(BO3)9O21[(OH),F]43(H2O)1.5, a new mineral. New Data on Minerals 46:5-12
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Nasledovite (TL)
Formula: PbMn3Al4(CO3)4(SO4)O5 · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Natanite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: ZVMO,(1981) 110, 492-500; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natroboltwoodite (TL)
Formula: Na(UO2)(SiO3OH) · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: DAN-SSSR, ser. Geol. (1975) 221, 1, 195-; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Natrotitanite (TL)
Formula: (Na0.5Y0.5)Ti(SiO4)O
Type Locality:
Reference: A. V. Stepanov, G. K. Bekenova, V. L. Levin and F. C. Hawthorne (2012): Natrotitanite, ideally (Na0.5Y0.5)Ti(SiO4)O, a new mineral from the Verkhnee Espe deposit, Akjailyautas mountains, Eastern Kazakhstan district, Kazakhstan: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 37-44.
Natrouranospinite (TL)
Formula: (Na2,Ca)(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy.; Amer.Min.(1963) 48, 210-211
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Nekoite
Formula: Ca3Si6O15·7H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Nekrasovite (TL)
Formula: Cu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Nephrite var: Hetian Jade'
'Nephrite var: Manasi Jade'
Neptunite
Formula: Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2005): Senkevichite, CsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18(OH)], a new mineral. New Data on Minerals, 40, 11-16; Agakhanov A.A., Pautov L.A., Karpenko V.Yu., Bekenova G.K., Uvarova Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Mineral Data 46:13-19; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016): Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).
Nevadaite
Formula: (Cu2+,Al,V3+)6Al8(PO4)8F8(OH)2 · 22H2O
Reference: Karpenko, V.Yu. et al. Zapiski RMO 138(1)83(2009)
Nevskite
Formula: Bi(Se,S)
Reference: Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
'Nickelalumite'
Formula: (Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Niggliite
Formula: PtSn
Reference: Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.
Niksergievite (TL)
Formula: (Ba,Ca)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(CO3)(OH)6 · nH2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min 90:1163-1166
Ningyoite
Formula: CaU(PO4)2 · 1-2H2O
Niter
Formula: KNO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Nitratine
Formula: NaNO3
Localities:
Nitrocalcite
Formula: Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Yan Sun, Yuanfu Xiao, Wei Feng, Fahui Xiong, and Zhiqiang Zhao (2009): Geology in China 36(4), 871-877
Nordenskiöldine
Formula: CaSn4+[BO3]2
Reference: Marshukova et al. (1968): ZVMO 97, 695-698.
Nordite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)(Sr,Ca)Na2(Na,Mn)(Zn,Mg)Si6O17
Reference: Lapis 29(1), 47 (2004); Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016): Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).
Nováčekite-I
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Frost, R. L., Cejka, J., & Dickfos, M. J. (2009). Raman spectroscopic study of the uranyl minerals vanmeersscheite U (OH) 4 [(UO2) 3 (PO4) 2 (OH) 2]. 4H2O and arsenouranylite Ca (UO2)[(UO2) 3 (AsO4) 2 (OH) 2].(OH) 2.6 H2O. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 71(5), 1799-1803.
Odigitriaite (TL)
Formula: CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Y., Siidra, O.I. and Muftakho, V.A. (2015) Odigitriaite, IMA 2015-028. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 944; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947. ; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016): Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Wuhan Huaze Science & Technology Development Co. Ltd., 2007
Orlovite (TL)
Formula: KLi2Ti(Si4O10)OF
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov A.A., Pautov L.A., Karpenko V.Yu., Bekenova G.K., Uvarova Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Data on Minerals 46:13-19.; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016): Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Zhaoxin Han, Lijun Luan, and Chaoyou Wang (2004): Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology 24(3), 324-327; Kaiyin Bai and Zhaoxin Han (2007): Northwestern Geology 40(2), 114-117
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Reference: Jianxun Bai (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(12), 24-27
Osmium var: Iridosmine
Formula: (Os,Ir)
Reference: Jianxun Bai (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(12), 24-27
Osumilite
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Reference: [Lapis 1991:12 p.42-48]
Ourayite
Formula: Ag3Pb4Bi5S13
Reference: Gromova, E. I.; Glotov, A. M.; Khrenov, V. A.; Lipskaya, V. I. (1980): Gold-​silver-​antimony mineralization in Charmitan deposits. Uzbekiston Geologiya Zhurnali 1980 (5), 8-11 (in Russian).
Owyheeite
Formula: Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Oxycalciopyrochlore
Formula: Ca2Nb2O6O
Description: Formula on page 40 in Chukanov et al. (1999) gives, according to Atencio et al. (2010) a oxycalciopyrochlore
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Skrigitil, A.M., Kuzimina, O.V. & Zadov, A.E. (1999): Bismutopyrochlore (Bi,U,Ca,Pb)1+x(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH)•nH2O – a new mineral from the Mika pegmatite vein (eastern Pamirs). Zapiski Vsesoyuznoye Mineralogichestogo Obshchestvo: 128(4):36-41; Atencio D., Andrade M.B., Christy A.G., Giere R., Kartashov P.M. (2010) The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 673-698.
'Oxynatropyrochlore'
Formula: (Na,Ca,U)2Nb2O6(O,OH)
Description: Formula on page 41 in Chukanov et al. (1999) gives, according to Atencio et al. (2010) a oxynatropyrochlore
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Skrigitil, A.M., Kuzimina, O.V. & Zadov, A.E. (1999): Bismutopyrochlore (Bi,U,Ca,Pb)1+x(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH)•nH2O – a new mineral from the Mika pegmatite vein (eastern Pamirs). Zapiski Vsesoyuznoye Mineralogichestogo Obshchestvo: 128(4):36-41; Atencio D., Andrade M.B., Christy A.G., Giere R., Kartashov P.M. (2010) The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 673-698.
'Ozocerite'
Reference: Uklonskiy, A.S. [Уклонский, А.С.] (1964) Geochemistry of native sulphur [К геохимии самородной серы]. Uzbek Geological Journal [Uzbekskiy Geologicheskiy Zhurnal, Узбекский геологический журнал], 6, 5-10; Ivanov, M.V. (1968) Microbiological processes in the formation of sulfur deposits. Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, 298 pp.; Uklonskiy, A.S. [Уклонский, А.С.] (1982) Geochemistry of native sulphur [К геохимии самородной серы]. In: Problems of mineralogy and geochemistry. Selected papers [Проблемы минералогии и геохимии. Избранные труды]. Uzbek SSR Branch, Academy of Sciences Press [Издательство "Фан" Узбекской ССР], Tashkent, 66-71; Evseev, A. A. [Евсеев, А.А.] (2004) Atlas of the World for mineralogist [Атлас мира для минералога]. Ecost Association [Ассоциация Экост], Moscow, page 149 (in Russian); Kovaleva, O.V., and Golubev, E.A. (2009) Transformation of the molecular and supramolecular structure of ozokerite under thermal effect. Geology of Ore Deposits, 71, 7, 668–674.
Pääkkönenite
Formula: Sb2AsS2
Reference: Bo Zheng, Jinguo Zhang, Gang Chen, and Yongfeng Zhu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(6), 1117-1138
Pabstite
Formula: Ba(Sn,Ti)(Si3O9)
Palladium
Formula: (Pd,Pt)
Reference: Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Para-alumohydrocalcite (TL)
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Parabutlerite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Xu Ying-xia, Ding Kui-shou, Qin Ke-zhang, Miao Yu, Fang Tong-hui, Xu Xing-wang, and Sun He (2006): Geology in China 33(3), 605-616.
Paracoquimbite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Description: Crystals to 12 cm (!)
Reference: Yingxia Xu, Kezhang Qin, Kuishou Ding, Yu Miao, Tonghui Fang, Xingwang Xu, and He Sun (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(1), 58-69; Kezhang Qin, Kuishou Ding, Yingxia Xu, Yu Miao, Tonghui Fang, and Xingwang Xu (2008): Acta Petrologica Sinica 24(5), 1112-1122
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paraschoepite
Formula: UO3 · 2H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Frost, R. L., Cejka, J., & Dickfos, M. J. (2009). Raman spectroscopic study of the uranyl minerals vanmeersscheite U (OH) 4 [(UO2) 3 (PO4) 2 (OH) 2]. 4H2O and arsenouranylite Ca (UO2)[(UO2) 3 (AsO4) 2 (OH) 2].(OH) 2.6 H2O. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 71(5), 1799-1803.
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Parisite'
Reference: N. MALYUKOVA , (2014) Zoning of Polymetallic Rare-earth and Rare-metal Deposits in the Ak-Tyuz Ore Field (Northern Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan). Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), 88(supp. 2): 451-453.
Patrónite
Formula: VS4
Pavonite
Formula: AgBi3S5
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Pekoite
Formula: PbCuBi11S18
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Pekovite (TL)
Formula: SrB2Si2O8
Type Locality:
Description: Found in block of quartz in moraine of glacier
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2005): Senkevichite, CsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18(OH)], a new mineral. New Data on Minerals, 40, 11-16; Agakhanov A.A., Pautov L.A., Karpenko V.Yu., Bekenova G.K., Uvarova Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Mineral Data 46:13-19; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016): Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Reference: Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48; Huanzhang Lu, Zhonggang Wang, and Yuansheng Li (1997): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 16(1), 43-52
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Amer.Min.(1963) 48, 210-211
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Phosphuranylite
Formula: (H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Picromerite
Formula: K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pilsenite
Formula: Bi4Te3
Pinnoite
Formula: Mg[B2O(OH)6]
Reference: Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
Plagionite
Formula: Pb5Sb8S17
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Playfairite
Formula: Pb16(Sb,As)19S44Cl
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
'Plessite'
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Localities:
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Polylithionite
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Polylithionite var: Cs-bearing Polylithionite
Formula: (K,Cs)Li2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Wang, R.C., Hu, H., Zhang, A.C., Fontan, F., de Parseval, P., and Jiang, S.Y. (2007): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 153(3), 355-367.
'Polylithionite-1M'
Reference: Hawthorne; F.C., Sokolova, E., Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2019): The Crystal Structure of Polylithionite-1M from Darai-pioz, Tajikistan: The Role of Short-Range Order in Driving Symmetry Reduction in 1M Li-Rich Mica. Canadian Mineralogist, 57: 519-528.
Portlandite
Formula: Ca(OH)2
Reference: Sokolov S.V. (2010) On portlandite from carbonatite complexes. Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.; Sokolov, S. V. (2014). Portlandite in rocks of carbonatite massifs. Geochemistry International, 52(8), 698-701.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Poyarkovite (TL)
Formula: (Hg2+2)3Cl2O2
Reference: [ZVMO,(1981) 110, 501-506; Lapis 11:11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Vasil'yev, V. I., Lavrent'yev, Y. G., & Pal'chik, N. A. (1982). Poyarkovite, Hg3CIO, a new natural mercury oxychloride. International Geology Review, 24(3), 363-366.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Prismatine
Formula: (◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22
Reference: Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
Prosopite
Formula: CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Protolithionite'
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Przhevalskite (TL)
Formula: Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Pucherite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: A. V. Voloshin, Y. A. Pakhomovskii, V. I. Stepanov, and E. N. Tyusheva (1983): Natrobistantite (Na,Cs)Bi(Ta,Nb,Sb)4O12 - New mineral from granite pegmatites. Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal: 5(2): 82-86.
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Yiqun Wang, Haibin Zhao, and Dingjun Wei (2013): Gold Science and Technology 21(3), 27-31
Pumpellyite-(Mg)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Rui Wang and Yongfeng Zhu (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(2), 229-242
Purpurite
Formula: Mn3+(PO4)
Reference: Zhiguo Liu, Dawei Dong, Milan Liu,Yu Sui, Wenhui Su, Zhengnan Qian, and Zhe Li (2005): Hyperfine Interactions 163(1-4), 13-27.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 384 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Arsenian Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrite var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
Formula: (Fe,Co)S2
'Pyrochlore'
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite var: Polianite
Formula: morphological variety
Reference: Filippov, A. G., & TSIBANOV, V. (2013). Kan-i-Gut Cave Mine in Kyrgyzstan/La Grotta Miniera di Kan-i-Gut in Kyrgyzstan. Mine Caves/Grotte di Miniera. Memorie Instituto Italiano di Speleologia, 79-95.
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope var: Chromian Pyrope
Formula: Mg3(Al,Cr)2(SiO4)3
Colour: violet
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 129 localities in this region.
Qingheiite (TL)
Formula: NaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Yu Tinggao, Ma Zhesheng, Wang Wenying, and Wu Mo (1983): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 3(3), 161-68; Ma Zhesheng, Shi Nicheng, and Ye Danian (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 48(5), 635-646.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 458 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Aventurine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Quartz var: Carnelian
Reference: Jiangping Mo, Mingyang Huang, Longfang Qin and Handi Lu (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(4), 7-12
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Jasper
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Onyx
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Sardonyx
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ramanite-(Cs)
Formula: Cs[B5O6(OH)4] · 2H2O
Description: Fluid inclusion in hambergite
Reference: Thomas, R., Davidson, P. (2010): Hambergite-rich melt inclusions in morganite crystals from the Muiane pegmatite, Mozambique and some remarks on the paragenesis of hambergite. - Mineralogy and Petrology, 100, 3-4, 227-23; Thomas, R., & Davidson, P. (2010). Hambergite-rich melt inclusions in morganite crystals from the Muiane pegmatite, Mozambique and some remarks on the paragenesis of hambergite. Mineralogy and Petrology, 100(3-4), 227-239.
Ravatite (TL)
Formula: C14H10
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Nasdala L., Pekov I.V. Ravatite, C 14 H 10 , a new organic mineral species from Ravat, Tadzhikistan // European Journal of Mineralogy, 1993, 5, 4, 699-705
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reedmergnerite
Formula: NaBSi3O8
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 42:107-119 (2004); Pautov L.A., Agakhanov A.A., Sokolova E.V., Hawthorne F., Karpenko V.Yu. (2011) Byzantievite, Ba5(Ca,REE,Y)22(Ti,Nb)18(SiO4)4[(PO4),(SiO4)]4(BO3)9O21[(OH),F]43(H2O)1.5, a new mineral. New Data on Minerals 46:5-12; Agakhanov A.A., Pautov L.A., Karpenko V.Yu., Bekenova G.K., Uvarova Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Mineral Data 46:13-19; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016): Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).; Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Belakovskiy, D. I., Rouse, R. C., Su, S. C., & Marquez, N. (1994). Hyalotekite from reedmergnerite-bearing peralkaline pegmatite, Dara-i-Pioz, Tajikistan and from Mn skarn, Langban, Varmland, Sweden: a new look at an old mineral. Mineralogical Magazine, 58(391), 285-298.
Retgersite
Formula: NiSO4 · 6H2O
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Richard Dale collection & earlier mindat photos
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Rinkite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Rinkite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Na2Ca4YTi(Si2O7)2OF3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Karpenko, V.Y., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2017) Rinkite-(Y), IMA 2017-043. CNMNC Newsletter No. 39, October 2017, page 1280; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1279–1286.
Rinneite
Formula: K3Na[FeCl6]
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: Yingxia Xu, Kezhang Qin, Kuishou Ding, Yu Miao, Tonghui Fang, Xingwang Xu, and He Sun (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(1), 58-69
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Roscoelite
Formula: K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Rossmanite
Formula: ☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Zhang AC, Wang Ru, Hu H, Chen XM (2004) Occurrences of foitite and rossmanite from the Koktokay No. 3 pegmatite dyke, Altai, Northwestern China: A record of hydrothermal fluids. Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 873-883.
Rossovskyite (TL)
Formula: (Fe3+,Ta)(Nb,Ti)O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Konovalenko, S.I., Ananyev, S.A., Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Aksenov, S.M., Baeva, A.A., Gainov, R., Lopatin, O.N. and Nebera, T.S. (2014) Rossovskyite, IMA 2014-056. CNMNC Newsletter No. 22, October 2014, page 1246; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1241-1248. ; Konovalenko, S.I., Ananyev, S.A., Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Aksenov, S.M., Baeva, A.A., Gainov, R.R., Vagizov, F.G., Lopatin, O.N., Nebera, T.S. (2015): A new mineral species rossovskyite, (Fe3+,Ta)(Nb,Ti)O4: crystal chemistry and physical properties. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 42, 825-833
Rostite
Formula: Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: PXRD (Lukasz Kruszewski)
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Kaiyin Bai and Zhaoxin Han (2007): Northwestern Geology 40(2), 114-117
Rucklidgeite
Formula: PbBi2Te4
Rusakovite (TL)
Formula: (Fe3+,Al)5(VO4,PO4)2(OH)9 · 3H2O
Reference: ZVMO,(1960) 89, 440-447; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Rutheniridosmine
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: Jianxun Bai (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(12), 24-27
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Saléeite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Reference: http://www.smartminerals.com/cina2004/art_China_localities.htm
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Volkov, V.N. et al (1999), Magmatic Associations and Ore Mineralization of the Aktepe Ore Field (Kuraminsk Ridge, Uzbekistan). Geology of Ore Deposits 41, 238-251
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Sassolite
Formula: H3BO3
Reference: Thomas, R., Davidson, P. (2010): Hambergite-rich melt inclusions in morganite crystals from the Muiane pegmatite, Mozambique and some remarks on the paragenesis of hambergite. - Mineralogy and Petrology, 100, 3-4, 227-23
Satpaevite (TL)
Formula: Al12V4+2V5+6O37 · 30H2O
Reference: ZVMO,(1959) 88, 157-164; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: http://fadr.msu.ru/caves/malmin_e.html; Maltsev, V., & Korshunov, V. (1998). Geochemistry of fluorite and related features of the Kugitangtou Ridge Caves, Turkmenistan. Journal of Caves and Karst Studies, 60, 151-155.; Vladimir A. Maltsev (1993) Minerals of the Cupp-Coutunn Karst Cave System, Southeast Turkmenistan. World of Stone 2:5-30
'Saussurite'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Scapolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Schapbachite
Formula: Ag0.4Pb0.2Bi0.4S
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Scheelite var: Molybdoscheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
'Schirmerite'
Formula: PbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9
Schoepite
Formula: (UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Searlesite
Formula: Na(H2BSi2O7)
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Sedovite (TL)
Formula: U(MoO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Sekaninaite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. and Belakovskii, D.I. (2009): Fayalite-sekaninaite paralava from the Ravat coal fire (central Tajikistan). Russian Geology and Geophysics 50, 703-721.
Selenium
Formula: Se
Semseyite
Formula: Pb9Sb8S21
Reference: Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Senkevichite (TL)
Formula: CsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18](OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2005): Senkevichite, CsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18(OH)], a new mineral. New Data on Minerals, 40, 11-16; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016): Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
'Serpentine Subgroup var: Bastite'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Zhou, M.-F., Robinson, P.T., Malpas, J., Sun, M., Aitchison, J., Bai, W.J., Hu, X.-F., and Yang, J.-S. (2001): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 19(4), 517-534.
'Serpentine Subgroup var: Serpentine Jade'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Shakhovite (TL)
Formula: (Hg+2)Hg2+2(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
Reference: [Geol.i Geofiz.(1980) p128-132; Lapis 11:11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Vasil'yev, V. I., Lavrent'yev, Y. G., & Pal'chik, N. A. (1982). Poyarkovite, Hg3CIO, a new natural mercury oxychloride. International Geology Review, 24(3), 363-366.
Shibkovite (TL)
Formula: K(□,K,Na)2Zn3Ca2[Si12O30]
Type Locality:
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm; Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 132(6): 15-21 (in Russian).
Shortite
Formula: Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Sicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Siderite var: Manganoan Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)CO3
Sideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Siderophyllite
Formula: KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Yuping Su, Hongfeng Tang, Sylvester, P.J., Congqiang Liu, Wenjun Qu, Guangshun Hou, and Feng Cong (2007): Geochemical Journal 41, 341-357
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
'Silica'
Reference: Ivanova, M.A., Assonov, S.S., Kononkova, N.N. & Shukolyukov, Yu. A. (1993) The Dengli (H3.8) Complex Breccia: Petrological and Isotopic Studies. Meteoritics 28(3): p. 371. (July 1993).
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Silver var: Kongsbergite
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Silver var: Küstelite
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Sklodowskite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Localities:
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Sodic amphibole'
Reference: Vrublevskii, V. V., Morova, A. A., Bukharova, O. V., & Konovalenko, S. I. (2018). Mineralogy and geochemistry of triassic carbonatites in the Matcha alkaline intrusive complex (Turkestan-Alai Ridge, Kyrgyz Southern Tien Shan), SW Central Asian orogenic belt. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 153, 252-281.
Sogdianite (TL)
Formula: K(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 42:107-119 (2004); Agakhanov A.A., Pautov L.A., Karpenko V.Yu., Bekenova G.K., Uvarova Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Mineral Data 46:13-19; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016): Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).
Sokolovaite (TL)
Formula: CsLi2Al(Si4O10)F2
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2005): Senkevichite, CsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18(OH)], a new mineral. New Data on Minerals, 40, 11-16; Agakhanov A.A., Pautov L.A., Karpenko V.Yu., Bekenova G.K., Uvarova Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Mineral Data 46:13-19; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016): Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).
Sonolite
Formula: Mn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Reference: Pautov L.A., Ignatenko K.I., Belakovskii D.I. New data on sonolite, - ZVMO, 1990, N3, p.98-101.
Sorbyite
Formula: CuPb9(Sb,As)11S26
Reference: [Lapis 11:11-24]
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 201 localities in this region.
Sphalerite var: Cleiophane
Formula: ZnS
Sphalerite var: Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Spodumene var: Hiddenite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: http://www.smartminerals.com/cina2004/art_China_localities.htm
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Stannoidite
Formula: Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Steigerite
Formula: Al(VO4) · 3H2O
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Reference: Yingxia Xu, Kezhang Qin, Kuishou Ding, Yu Miao, Lianchang Zhang, and Xingwang Xu (2006): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 26(3), 291-295; Yan Sun, Yuanfu Xiao, Fengchun Li, Fahui Xiong, and Zhubin Wang (2009): Geology and Exploration 45(3), 235-239
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Sternbergite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: Глоба В.А. Месторождение Манка - новый геолого-промышленный тип месторождений золота. // Изв. НАН РК, Сер. геол. 2006, 5(403), с.20-28.
Stibarsen
Formula: AsSb
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Stibiocolumbite
Formula: Sb(Nb,Ta)O4
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Stibiocolusite (TL)
Formula: Cu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Stillwellite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 42:107-119 (2004); Pautov L.A., Agakhanov A.A., Sokolova E.V., Hawthorne F., Karpenko V.Yu. (2011) Byzantievite, Ba5(Ca,REE,Y)22(Ti,Nb)18(SiO4)4[(PO4),(SiO4)]4(BO3)9O21[(OH),F]43(H2O)1.5, a new mineral. New Data on Minerals 46:5-12; Agakhanov A.A., Pautov L.A., Karpenko V.Yu., Bekenova G.K., Uvarova Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Mineral Data 46:13-19; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016): Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Stilpnomelane var: Ferristilpnomelane
Formula: K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Reference: V.A. Karpenko data
Stistaite (TL)
Formula: SnSb
Reference: NJMM (1981), 117; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Reference: Wilde, A. R., & Gilbert, D. (2000). Setting of the giant Muruntau Gold Deposit: Implications for ore genesis. J. Virtua