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Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, Indiai
Regional Level Types
Kalpakkam- not defined -
Tamil NaduState
IndiaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
12° 31' 16'' North , 80° 9' 52'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Seven Pagodas12,415 (2015)11.5km
Karumbākkam11,992 (2015)21.6km
Cheyyur11,060 (2014)25.9km
Chingleput65,689 (2017)27.8km
Madurāntakam29,743 (2014)30.4km


It is uncertain how all these minerals were identified by Deepthi et al. (2015); there is suspicion that they were simply computer matched to peaks in XRD patterns.

Regions containing this locality

AsiaContinent
Indian Plate (India Plate)Tectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


13 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Caminite
Formula: Mg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Charoite
Formula: (K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Dessauite-(Y)
Formula: (Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Dumontite
Formula: Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Falkmanite
Formula: Pb3Sb2S6
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Glagolevite
Formula: Na(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Mangazeite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 3H2O
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Sedovite
Formula: U(MoO4)2
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Struvite
Formula: (NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Tungusite
Formula: Ca4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Falkmanite2.HC.15Pb3Sb2S6
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Dessauite-(Y)4.CC.40(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Caminite7.BB.05Mg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2O
Mangazeite7.DE.05Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 3H2O
Sedovite7.HA.05U(MoO4)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Augelite8.BE.05Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Dumontite8.EC.15Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Struvite8.CH.40(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Charoite9.DG.92(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
Glagolevite9.EC.55Na(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Tungusite9.EE.30Ca4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
2.5 < ø < 3
Falkmanite3.5.2.2Pb3Sb2S6
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Caminite31.10.9.1Mg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB(XO4)·xH2O
Struvite40.1.1.1(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Augelite41.6.8.1Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Dumontite42.4.5.1Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Miscellaneous
Sedovite48.4.1.1U(MoO4)2
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with columnar silicate units
Charoite70.1.2.3(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Tungusite78.5.9.1Ca4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Dessauite-(Y)-(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Glagolevite-Na(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Mangazeite-Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 3H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
H CaminiteMg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2O
H Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
H DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
H GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
H MangazeiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 3H2O
H Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
H TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
NNitrogen
N Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
OOxygen
O AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
O CaminiteMg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2O
O Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
O Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
O DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
O GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
O HematiteFe2O3
O MangazeiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 3H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O SedoviteU(MoO4)2
O Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
O TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
FFluorine
F Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
NaSodium
Na Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
Na GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
MgMagnesium
Mg CaminiteMg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2O
Mg GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Mg Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
AlAluminium
Al AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
Al GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Al MangazeiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 3H2O
SiSilicon
Si Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
Si GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
PPhosphorus
P AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
P DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
P Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
SSulfur
S CaminiteMg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2O
S FalkmanitePb3Sb2S6
S MangazeiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 3H2O
KPotassium
K Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
Ca TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
TiTitanium
Ti Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
FeIron
Fe Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
SrStrontium
Sr Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
Sr Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
YYttrium
Y Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
MoMolybdenum
Mo SedoviteU(MoO4)2
SbAntimony
Sb FalkmanitePb3Sb2S6
PbLead
Pb Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Pb DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Pb FalkmanitePb3Sb2S6
UUranium
U Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
U DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
U SedoviteU(MoO4)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3192382
Archean intrusive rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.


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