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Grímsvötn, Vatnajökull Glacier, Icelandi
Regional Level Types
GrímsvötnVolcano
Vatnajökull GlacierGlacier
IcelandCountry

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Name in Icelandic:Grímsvötn, Vatnajökull, Ísland
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 64° 25' 0'' North , 17° 19' 20'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 64.41689,-17.32236
GeoHash:G#: ge7wmydpx
Locality type:Volcano
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra


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Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Vatnajökull National Park, IcelandNational Park

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


6 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Ágústsdóttir, A. M., & Brantley, S. L. (1994). Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B5), 9505-9522.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Ágústsdóttir, A. M., & Brantley, S. L. (1994). Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B5), 9505-9522.
'Clinoptilolite'
Reference: Ágústsdóttir, A. M., & Brantley, S. L. (1994). Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B5), 9505-9522.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Ágústsdóttir, A. M., & Brantley, S. L. (1994). Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B5), 9505-9522.
'Glass'
Reference: Ágústsdóttir, A. M., & Brantley, S. L. (1994). Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B5), 9505-9522.
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Ágústsdóttir, A. M., & Brantley, S. L. (1994). Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B5), 9505-9522.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Ágústsdóttir, A. M., & Brantley, S. L. (1994). Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B5), 9505-9522.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Ágústsdóttir, A. M., & Brantley, S. L. (1994). Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B5), 9505-9522.
Tungusite
Formula: Ca4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Reference: Ágústsdóttir, A. M., & Brantley, S. L. (1994). Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B5), 9505-9522.
Wairakite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Ágústsdóttir, A. M., & Brantley, S. L. (1994). Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B5), 9505-9522.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Tungusite9.EE.30Ca4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Wairakite9.GB.05Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Glass'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Wairakite77.1.1.3Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Tungusite78.5.9.1Ca4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Glass'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
H WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
O WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Si WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Ca WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ma



ID: 639094
ice

Age: Anthropocene ( Ma)

Comments: ice; Atlas of Canada Base Maps, Natural Resources Canada

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3135308
Quaternary

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Ma



ID: 3184870

Age: Anthropocene ( Ma)

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ágústsdóttir, A. M., & Brantley, S. L. (1994). Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B5), 9505-9522.


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