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Kuannersuit Plateau (Kvanefjeld), Ilímaussaq complex, Narsaq, Kujalleq, Greenland

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 60° 58' 30'' North , 45° 59' 30'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 60.97500,-45.99167
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra
Other/historical region names associated with this locality:Quanit Qaqa Plateau; Kvanefjeld Plateau

The Kuannersuit Plateau is situated in the northwestern part of the Ilímaussaq complex. It's located north-west of the Narsaq River. A small peak at 685 m is named Kvanefjeld Mountain. The plateau consists of different varieties of fine-grained U-Th-REE rich lujavrites (aegirine-, arfvedsonite-, naujakasite-, and brown aegirine lujavrites).
Kvanefjeld is the second-largest deposit of REEs in the world, and the sixth largest uranium deposit (Elements 2012, p. 398); drilling by Greenland Minerals and Energy Ltd. has recommenced in 2010.

At 500m altitude, below the plateau, on the slope of the Kvanefjeld Mountain, there is an old, now abandoned adit, the Kvanefjeld adit, an exploration drift for Uranium. The mine dumps is found below the adit, in a large area.
A large number of tugtupite-bearing albite veins with a complex mineralogy intersects these alkaline rocks (Friis et al. 2004).
Kuannersuite-(Ce) and nabesite were first described from these veins. For detailed information on the mineralogy in these veins see the locality called Tugtupite-bearing albitites.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

66 valid minerals. 10 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

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Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Mesoproterozoic - Paleoproterozoic
1000 - 2500 Ma

ID: 3152680
Krummedal succession in East Greenland and Independence Fjord Group in North East Greenland

Age: Proterozoic (1000 - 2500 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Independence Fjord Group

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Meta-sandstone

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Stenian - Ectasian
1000 - 1400 Ma

ID: 658124
Igneous: intrusive; Intrusive: syenitic

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1400 Ma)

Description: Greenland, Gardar Province

Comments: Magmatic arc/suite; Escher & Pulvertaft, 1995; Hamann et al., 2005; Jepsen, unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Syenite

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

1200 - 1400 Ma

ID: 3184630
Mesoproterozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Ectasian (1200 - 1400 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Eriksfjord Formation

Comments: Ketilidian Mobile Belt

Lithology: Flow(s); mafic volcanic rocks; basalt; arkose,sandstone,conglomerate,quartzite,siltstone

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Sørensen, H., Leonardsen, E.S. and Petersen, O.V. (1970) Trona and Thermonatrite from the Ilimaussaq alkaline intrusion, south Greenland. Contribution to the mineralogy of Ilimaussaq, no. 17. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, 20, 1-19.
Petersen, O.V., Giester, G., Brandstätter, F., and Niedermayr, G. (2002) Nabesite, a new mineral species from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 173-181.
Cole, M. (2003) Fluorescent Minerals of the Ilimaussaq Complex, Greenland, MinerShop 2003 [Published online:]
Friis, H., Balic-Zunic, T., Pekov, I., and Peterson, O. (2004) Kuannersuite-(Ce), a new member of the Apatite-group, from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 95-106.
Husdal, T. (2011) På jakt etter nye mineraler. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, Skrifter, 46: 88-98 [On the discovery of Carlgieseckite-(Nd)].
Sørensen, H., Bailey, J.C., and Rose-Hansen, J. (2011) The emplacement and crystallization of the lujavrites at Kvanefjeld, Ilímaussaq Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, 59, 69-92.
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Husdal, T.A., Kononkova, N.N., Agakhanov, A.A., Zadov, A.E., and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2012) Carlgieseckeite-(Nd), NaNdCa3(PO4)3F, a new belovite-group mineral species from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist, 50, 571-580.

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